540 results match your criteria calcium silicate-based


Effect of Irrigating Agitation after Root End Preparation on the Wall Cleaning and Bond Strength of Calcium Silicate Material in Retrograde Obturation.

Eur J Dent 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Operative Dentistry, Endodontics and Dental Materials, Bauru School of Dentistry, University of São Paulo, Bauru, SP, Brazil.

Objective:  The study aimed to evaluate the cleaning efficacy of irrigant activation with a new ultrasonic tip in root-end preparations and to determine its influence on the bond strength of calcium silicate-based material.

Materials And Methods:  Maxillary canines were prepared and filled, and their root ends resected. Root-end cavities were ultrasonically prepared and randomly distributed into four groups according to the final irrigation protocols: G1 (ultrasonic irrigation [UI] + saline solution [SS]), G2 (syringe irrigation [SI] + SS), G3 (UI + ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid [EDTA]), and G4 (SI + EDTA). Read More

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Calcium Silicate-Based Root Canal Sealers: A Narrative Review and Clinical Perspectives.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jul 15;14(14). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Assistance Publique des Hôpitaux de Marseille, 13005 France; Aix Marseille Univ, CNRS, ISM, Inst Movement Sci, 13288 Marseille, France.

Over the last two decades, calcium silicate-based materials have grown in popularity. As root canal sealers, these formulations have been extensively investigated and compared with conventional sealers, such as zinc oxide-eugenol and epoxy resin-based sealers, in in vitro studies that showed their promising properties, especially their biocompatibility, antimicrobial properties, and certain bioactivity. However, the consequence of their higher solubility is a matter of debate and still needs to be clarified, because it may affect their long-term sealing ability. Read More

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Comparative evaluation of retreatability of calcium silicate-based root canal sealers and epoxy resin-based root canal sealers in curved canals-An micro-CT analysis.

Indian J Dent Res 2021 Jan-Feb;32(1):79-86

Professor & Head of the Department, SRM Kattankulathur Dental College & Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Objective: To compare and evaluate the retreatability of calcium silicate-based root canal sealers and epoxy resin-based root canal sealers in curved canals using micro-CT scanning.

Materials And Methods: Forty-five maxillary molars with curved roots were selected after confirming with the Schneiders test. Teeth were decoronated near the cemento-enamel junction and moderate to severely curved canals were selected for the study using cone-beam computed tomography. Read More

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Influence of Preoperative Pulp Inflammation in the Outcome of Full Pulpotomy Using a Dog Model.

J Endod 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Institute of Endodontics, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal; Center for Innovation and Research in Oral Sciences, Faculty of Medicine, University of Coimbra, Coimbra, Portugal.

Introduction: This study aimed to evaluate the impact of preoperative pulp inflammation on the histologic outcome of full pulpotomy performed in mature permanent posterior teeth using 4 different biomaterials.

Methods: Five beagle dogs (providing a total of 120 roots) were selected. Dentin exposure was performed in teeth from the second and third quadrants. Read More

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The effect of different calcium silicate-based pulp capping materials on tooth discoloration: an in vitro study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 07 2;21(1):330. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan.

Background: Variation in the composition of calcium silicate-based pulp capping materials could influence the discoloration potential of some of these materials, thus affecting the color and aesthetic appearance of the coronal tooth structure. Furthermore, contact with blood if hemostasis is not fully achieved may enhance this discoloration for some materials. Therefore the aim of this study was to evaluate in vitro the color change of coronal tooth structure after placing various calcium silicate-based materials in the pulp chamber in the presence or absence of blood. Read More

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External Root Resorption Management of an Avulsed and Reimplanted Central Incisor: A Case Report.

Dent J (Basel) 2021 Jun 16;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Science, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Via Caserta, 6, 00161 Rome, Italy.

: Avulsion and reimplantation of permanent teeth represent a major challenge in terms of treatment and long-term prognosis. The present study reported clinical management of external root resorption of an avulsed and reimplanted maxillary central incisor. : A 9-year-old boy reported an uncomplicated crown fracture and avulsion of tooth 11 and complicated crown fracture of tooth 21 due to trauma. Read More

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Therapeutic Effects of the Addition of Fibroblast Growth Factor-2 to Biodegradable Gelatin/Magnesium-Doped Calcium Silicate Hybrid 3D-Printed Scaffold with Enhanced Osteogenic Capabilities for Critical Bone Defect Restoration.

Biomedicines 2021 Jun 23;9(7). Epub 2021 Jun 23.

x-Dimension Center for Medical Research and Translation, China Medical University Hospital, Taichung 40447, Taiwan.

Worldwide, the number of bone fractures due to traumatic and accidental injuries is increasing exponentially. In fact, repairing critical large bone defects remains challenging due to a high risk of delayed union or even nonunion. Among the many bioceramics available for clinical use, calcium silicate-based (CS) bioceramics have gained popularity due to their good bioactivity and ability to stimulate cell behavior. Read More

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Debunking the Concept of Dentinal Tubule Penetration of Endodontic Sealers: Sealer Staining with Rhodamine B Fluorescent Dye Is an Inadequate Method.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Jun 10;14(12). Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Central Interdisciplinary Ambulance in the School of Dentistry, Albert-Schweitzer-Campus 1, Building W 30, 48149 Münster, Germany.

The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of rhodamine B dye staining of an epoxy resin sealer (AH Plus) and calcium-silicate-based sealers (Total Fill BC Sealer, BioRoot RCS) to represent the penetration depth of the sealers into dentinal tubules after root canal obturation. In a three-step process, (1) leaching of rhodamine B from sealers into a buffer solution, (2) passive penetration of leached rhodamine B into dentinal tubules, and (3) conformity of rhodamine B penetration assessed by confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), and sealer penetration assessed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), in root-canal-filled teeth, were evaluated. Rhodamine B dye massively leached out of Total Fill BC Sealer and BioRoot RCS into the phosphate-buffered saline (PBS). Read More

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Investigation of a modified hydraulic calcium silicate-based material - Bio-C Pulpo.

Braz Oral Res 2021 16;35:e077. Epub 2021 Jun 16.

Universidade Estadual de Campinas - Unicamp, Piracicaba Dental School, Department of Restorative Dentistry, Piracicaba, SP, Brazil.

This study evaluated the physicochemical, biological, and antimicrobial properties of a new hydraulic calcium silicate-based modified material, and compared it with MTA Repair HP and MTA Angelus. The materials were assessed regarding color luminosity (L), color change, radiopacity, setting time, and ISO 6876:2012 linear flow. Volumetric filling and volume change were evaluated using microcomputed-tomography (µCT). Read More

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Tooth discoloration induced by apical plugs with hydraulic calcium silicate-based cements in teeth with open apices-a 2-year in vitro study.

Clin Oral Investig 2021 Jun 21. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Conservative Dentistry and Periodontology and Center of Dental Traumatology, University Hospital of Würzburg, Pleicherwall 2, 97070, Würzburg, Germany.

Objectives: To assess tooth discoloration induced by different hydraulic calcium silicate-based cements (HCSCs), including effects of blood and placement method.

Materials And Methods: Eighty bovine teeth cut to a length of 18 mm (crown 8 mm, root 10 mm) were randomly assigned to 10 groups (n = 8), receiving orthograde apical plug treatment (APT). Apical plugs were 4 mm in length and made of ProRoot MTA (Dentsply), Medcem MTA (Medcem), TotalFill BC RRM Fast Set Putty (Brasseler), or Medcem Medical Portland Cement (Medcem) plus bismuth oxide (Bi2O3) with and without bovine blood. Read More

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Effect of various calcium hydroxide removal protocols on the dislodgement resistance of biodentine in an experimental apexification model.

J Dent Sci 2021 Jul 10;16(3):964-970. Epub 2020 Nov 10.

Department of Prosthodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus.

Background/purpose: Residual calcium hydroxide (CH) in the root canal dentine walls may influence the adhesion of tricalcium silicate-based materials. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of various CH removal protocols on the dislodgement resistance of biodentine from simulated immature root canals in an experimental apexification model.

Materials And Methods: CH was applied to 120 simulated immature root canals. Read More

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Cytotoxicity and genotoxicity of salicylate- and calcium silicate-based root canal sealers on primer human periodontal ligament fibroblasts.

Aust Endod J 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, Selcuk University, Konya, Turkey.

The aim of this study was to evaluate the biocompatibility of epoxy-resin-based AHPlus, salicylate-based MTA-Fillapex and calcium silicate-based iRootSP root canal sealers. Cytotoxicity was assessed by XTT test. The extracts from sealers of different setting times were serially diluted. Read More

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Micro-computed tomographic analysis of the marginal adaptation of a calcium silicate-based cement to radicular dentin after removal of three different intracanal medicaments - An study.

J Conserv Dent 2020 Nov-Dec;23(6):598-603. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Polymer Science and Engineering Division, CSIR-National Chemical Laboratory, Pune, Maharashtra, India.

Context: This study focuses on the marginal adaptation of a calcium silicate-based cement to the root dentin after retrieval of different intracanal medicaments.

Aim: This study compared the marginal adaptation of a calcium silicate-based cement to radicular dentin in the apical third of the root canal following the use of three different intracanal medicaments.

Materials And Methods: Forty single-rooted premolar teeth ( = 40) were decoronated 13 mm above the root apices; then, 3 mm of the root tips were resected to standardize the root length. Read More

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February 2021

Biocompatibility and Antibiofilm Properties of Calcium Silicate-Based Cements: An In Vitro Evaluation and Report of Two Clinical Cases.

Biology (Basel) 2021 May 26;10(6). Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Science, Sapienza University of Rome, Via Caserta 6, 00161 Rome, Italy.

Calcium silicate-based cements have reached excellent levels of performance in endodontics, providing predictable and successful results. To better assess the properties of these bioactive materials, the present study aimed to compare the biocompatibility and antibiofilm properties of ProRoot MTA and Biodentine. Human osteogenic sarcoma (Saos-2) cells were cultured on ProRoot MTA and Biodentine samples or in the presence of both cement extracts. Read More

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Comparison of Postobturation Pain Experience after Apical Extrusion of Calcium Silicate- and Resin-Based Root Canal Sealers.

J Endod 2021 Aug 29;47(8):1278-1284. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Restorative Dentistry, Division of Endodontics, São Leopoldo Mandic Dental School, Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil.

Introduction: This study compared the intensity of postobturation pain after unintentional apical extrusion of calcium silicate-based root canal sealers (EndoSequence BC Sealer [Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA] and Bio-C Sealer [Angelus, Londrina, PR, Brazil]) with a resin-based sealer (AH Plus; Dentsply Sirona, York, PA).

Methods: A total of 330 patients referred for root canal treatment on molar teeth with asymptomatic irreversible pulpitis were recruited. Root canals were prepared using WaveOne Gold instruments (Dentsply Sirona) in a crown-down technique and irrigated with 2% chlorhexidine gel and saline solution. Read More

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Tomographic Evaluation of the Internal Adaptation for Recent Calcium Silicate-Based Pulp Capping Materials in Primary Teeth.

Biomed Res Int 2021 8;2021:5523145. Epub 2021 May 8.

Restorative Dentistry Department, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University, P.O. Box 80209, Jeddah 215-89, Saudi Arabia.

Objectives: To evaluate the internal adaptation of recent pulp capping materials (TheraCal and Biodentine) relative to MTA when used as indirect pulp capping for primary teeth.

Materials And Methods: Thirty primary molars were randomly allocated into three groups, group (A) was TheraCal, group (B) was Biodentine, and MTA was the control group (C). A standardized round class-V cavity (1. Read More

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Push-Out Bond Strength, Characterization, and Ion Release of Premixed and Powder-Liquid Bioceramic Sealers with or without Gutta-Percha.

Scanning 2021 6;2021:6617930. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Restorative Sciences, University of Costa Rica, Montes de Oca, San José 11502, Costa Rica.

Objective: To evaluate the push-out bond strength of premixed and powder-liquid bioceramic sealers with or without gutta-percha (GP) cone.

Materials And Methods: Radicular dentin samples were prepared from 80 single-rooted human teeth. After root canal preparation using ProTaper® and irrigation with NaOCl and EDTA, teeth were divided according to the root canal sealer ( = 20): AH Plus®, EndoSequence® BC Sealer™, ProRoot® Endo Sealer, and BioRoot™ RCS. Read More

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Chemico-physical and mechanical evaluation of three calcium silicate-based pulp capping materials.

Saudi Dent J 2021 May 17;33(4):207-214. Epub 2020 Feb 17.

Department of Endodontics, Faculty of Dentistry, King Abdulaziz University (KAU), Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Aim: This study compared biointeractivity (pH of soaking water and calcium ions), porosity, water sorption, solubility, compressive strength, lap shear strength, as well as the apatite forming ability of three calcium silicate-based capping materials: Mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA), Biodentine (BD) and Tech Biosealer capping (BS).

Methods: One hundred and five discs of the tested materials were prepared in compliance with the manufacturer's instructions. The materials' pastes were placed in Teflon molds and allowed to set before testing. Read More

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Comparison of the efficacy of laser-activated and ultrasonic-activated techniques for the removal of tricalcium silicate-based sealers and gutta-percha in root canal retreatment: a microtomography and scanning electron microscopy study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 05 22;21(1):275. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Operative Dentistry and Endodontics, Guanghua School of Stomatology, Hospital of Stomatology, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: Tricalcium silicate-based sealers have been usually indicated for the single-cone technique and result in more residual filling materials in root canal retreatment. Passive ultrasonic irrigation and photon-initiated photoacoustic streaming have been reported to improve the removal efficacy of root canal filling materials. However, the abilities of both techniques combined with NiTi re-instrumentation to remove residual tricalcium silicate-based sealer and gutta-percha have not been compared. Read More

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Tissue reaction to novel customized calcium silicate cement based dental implants. A pilot study in the dog.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2021 May 22;32(6):61. Epub 2021 May 22.

Department of Periodontics, Rutgers School of Dental Medicine, Newark, NJ, USA.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to determine the level of periodontal tissue regeneration in a canine model following post-extraction placement of an implant molded from a composite material made from extracted tooth dentin and a calcium silicate cement (CSC) material. The investigation used autologous dentin in conjunction with a CSC material to form a composite implant designed for immediate tooth replacement.

Methods: Two (2) beagles had a periodontal and radiographic examination performed to rule out any pre-treatment inflammation, significant periodontal disease, or mobility. Read More

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Methodological proposal for evaluation of adhesion of root canal sealers to gutta-percha.

Int Endod J 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Endodontics, Fluminense Federal University, Niterói, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

Aim: To compare the bond strength of an epoxy resin-based sealer and two calcium silicate-based sealers (CSS) to gutta-percha discs using a new method.

Methodology: Round discs of gutta-percha (n = 60), measuring 10 mm in diameter and 2 mm in thickness, were placed on a glass plate and a drop of each sealer (AH Plus, EndoSequence BC Sealer and EndoSeal MTA) was placed on their surface. Another identical disc was placed onto the first one and a standardized weight (0. Read More

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Tooth Discoloration Induced by Different Calcium Silicate-Based Cements: A Two-Year Spectrophotometric and Photographic Evaluation in Vitro.

J Clin Pediatr Dent 2021 Apr;45(2):112-116

Objective: Calcium silicate-based cements (CSCs) may lead to coronal staining in young permanent teeth over the time. The purpose of this study was to evaluate and compare the long-term tooth discoloration induced by different CSCs.

Study Design: Ninety freshly-extracted human molars were assigned randomly into 6 groups (n=15/group) according to the CSC used as a pulpotomy material: ProRoot MTA, MTA Angelus, NeoMTA, EndoSequence Putty, Biodentine and Negative control (No cement). Read More

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Management of primary molars with irreversible pulpitis employing tampon pulpotomy: Report of three cases with 34-month mean follow-up.

Clin Case Rep 2021 Apr 4;9(4):2289-2294. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Dental Materials Research Center Mashhad University of Medical Sciences Mashhad Iran.

This study suggests that tampon-based coronal pulpotomy using a calcium silicate-based biomaterial can be a reliable approach for the treatment of vital primary molars with irreversible pulpitis. Read More

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Physicochemical and Biological Properties of Mg-Doped Calcium Silicate Endodontic Cement.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Apr 8;14(8). Epub 2021 Apr 8.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Pusan National University, Busan 46241, Korea.

Calcium silicate-based cement has been widely used for endodontic repair. However, it has a long setting time and needs to shorten setting time. This study investigated the effects of magnesium (Mg) ion on the setting reaction, mechanical properties, and biological properties of calcium silicate cement (CSC). Read More

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Bioactivity Performance of Pure Mg after Plasma Electrolytic Oxidation in Silicate-Based Solutions.

Molecules 2021 Apr 6;26(7). Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.

The biodegradable metals, including magnesium (Mg), are a convenient alternative to permanent metals but fast uncontrolled corrosion limited wide clinical application. Formation of a barrier coating on Mg alloys could be a successful strategy for the production of a stable external layer that prevents fast corrosion. Our research was aimed to develop an Mg stable oxide coating using plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) in silicate-based solutions. Read More

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Tooth Discoloration Using Calcium Silicate-Based Cements For Simulated Revascularization in Vitro.

Braz Dent J 2021 Jan-Feb;32(1):53-58

Postgraduate Program in Dentistry, School of Dentistry, University of Taubaté, Taubaté, Brazil.

The endodontic revascularization may be an alternative treatment for necrotic immature teeth, however, several treatment steps may cause tooth discoloration. This study evaluated the use of three calcium silicate-based cements with different radiopacifying agents on the color alteration (∆E) of extracted premolars after simulation of revascularization. Forty single rooted extracted premolars were shaped with #1-6 gates Glidden drills, rinsed with sodium hypochlorite, and filled with fresh human blood. Read More

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Comparison of in vitro biocompatibility and antibacterial activity of two calcium silicate-based materials.

J Mater Sci Mater Med 2021 Apr 26;32(5):52. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Endodontics, Beijing Stomatological Hospital, School of Stomatology, Capital Medical University, Beijing, 100050, China.

This study is aimed at comparing and evaluating the biocompatibility and antibacterial activities of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) and iRoot BP Plus as novel retro-filling materials. Discs of both materials were prepared and incubated for 72 h to obtain material extracts in medium. Flow cytometry and the 3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide assay were used to assess the rate of apoptosis and proliferation of human periodontal ligament stem cells (hPDLSCs) when exposed to eluates of both materials. Read More

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Physicochemical properties and cytocompatibility of newly developed calcium silicate-based sealers.

Aust Endod J 2021 Apr 24. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Department of Conservative Dentistry, Dental Research Institute, Pusan National University School of Dentistry, Yangsan, Korea.

The purpose of this study was to compare the physical properties and cytocompatibility of contemporary calcium silicate-based sealers. Four calcium silicate-based sealers (BrightEndo MTA sealer, CeraSeal, EndoSeal TCS and One-Fil) were compared to an epoxy resin-based sealer (AH Plus). Flow, setting time, radiopacity and dimensional change were evaluated according to ISO 6876 standards. Read More

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Effect of irrigation solutions on the coronal discoloration induced by mineral trioxide aggregate cements containing different radiopacifiers.

Dent Res J (Isfahan) 2020 Nov-Dec;17(6):447-451. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Prosthodontics, School of Dentistry, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the discoloration of coronal tooth structure irrigated with different irrigation solutions and filled with calcium silicate-based materials containing bismuth oxide or calciumzirconia complex as radiopacifier.

Materials And Methods: In this study, 72 bovine enamel-dentin blocks were prepared and divided into three groups. The dentinal cavities in each group were irrigated with 5. Read More

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December 2020

Effect of different manipulations on the physical, chemical and microstructural characteristics of Biodentine.

Dent Mater 2021 07 15;37(7):e399-e406. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

School of Dentistry, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, UK.

Objective: The water to powder ratio and method of mixing is important for the properties of hydraulic cements. For this purpose a number of clinicians prefer premixed materials. Dental manufacturing companies provide predosed materials, however the manufacturer instructions are not always adhered to. Read More

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