103,842 results match your criteria burns


Breaking the Age Barrier: Physicians' Perceptions on Candidacy for Allogeneic Hematopoietic Cell Transplantation in Older Adults.

Transplant Cell Ther 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

City of Hope, Duarte, CA.

Background: Despite continued increases in use of allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (alloHCT) among older adults, no standardized geriatric assessment (GA) has been established to risk-stratify for transplant-related morbidity. We conducted a survey of transplant physicians to determine perceptions of the impact of older age (≥60 years) on alloHCT candidacy, and utilization of tools to gauge candidacy.

Methods: We conducted a 23-item, online cross-sectional survey of HCT physicians caring for adults in the United States between May and July 2019. Read More

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Combined Complex Skin Repair in Patient With Extensive Burns: A Case Report.

J Burn Care Res 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Medical Cosmetology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangxi Medical University, Nanning, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous, China.

Auto-skin grafting is the current treatment of choice for extensive burns. Nevertheless, the lack of donor sites for skin grafting remains one of the greatest limiting factors for the treatment of extensively burned patients. We present the case of a 53-year-old male patient with deep and full thickness burns on 91% of the total body surface area. Read More

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[A Meta-analysis of the predictive effect of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio on acute kidney injury].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2021 Mar;33(3):311-317

Department of Kidney Diseaseand Blood Purification, the Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin 300211, China. Corresponding author: Wang Lihua, Email:

Objective: To systematically evaluate the predictive value of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in acute kidney injury (AKI).

Methods: All studies about the predictive effect of NLR on AKI were searched in the National Medical Library of the United States PubMed Database, the Embase database in the Netherlands, the Chinese Biology Medicine disc (CBMdisc) and the Chinese Evidence Based Medicine Cochrane Centre Database (CEBM/CCD). The data updated by October 2020, and regardless of language, region or whether blind method was used. Read More

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Feel the Burn! Fireworks-related Otolaryngologic Trauma.

Ann Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2021 Apr 9:34894211008100. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Surgery, Division of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, School of Medicine and Health Sciences, George Washington University, Washington, DC, USA.

Objectives: Fireworks are used commonly for celebrations in the United States, but can lead to severe injury to the head and neck. We aim to assess the incidence, types, and mechanisms of head and neck injuries associated with fireworks use from 2010 to 2019.

Methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study, using data from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System, of individuals presenting to United States Emergency Departments with head and neck injuries caused by fireworks and flares from 2010 to 2019. Read More

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Content analysis of child user and carer perspectives of ankle-foot orthoses.

Prosthet Orthot Int 2021 Feb;45(1):12-19

1School of Architecture, Design and Planning, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia 2EPIC Lab, The Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, NSW, Australia 3University of Sydney School of Health Sciences & Children's Hospital at Westmead, Westmead, Sydney, NSW, 2145, Australia.

Background: The evaluation of ankle-foot orthoses is primarily focused on biomechanical performance, with comparatively less studies pertaining to users' quality of life and experiential factors.

Objectives: To investigate how child users regard acquisition and use of ankle-foot orthoses through the perspectives of child users, parents/carers and practitioners.

Study Design: Inductive content analysis of secondary data. Read More

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February 2021

Handling Missing Data in Instrumental Variable Methods for Causal Inference.

Annu Rev Stat Appl 2019 Mar 28;6(1):125-148. Epub 2018 Nov 28.

Department of Statistics, The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, USA 19104.

It is very common in instrumental variable studies for there to be missing instrument data. For example, in the Wisconsin Longitudinal Study one can use genotype data as a Mendelian randomization-style instrument, but this information is often missing when subjects do not contribute saliva samples, or when the genotyping platform output is ambiguous. Here we review missing-at-random assumptions one can use to identify instrumental variable causal effects, and discuss various approaches for estimation and inference. Read More

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Traumatic injury is associated with reduced deoxyribonuclease activity and dysregulation of the actin scavenging system.

Burns Trauma 2021 Jan 1;9:tkab001. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Institute of Inflammation and Ageing, University of Birmingham, Edgbaston, Birmingham, West Midlands, B15 2TT, United Kingdom.

Background: Traumatic injury is associated with increased concentrations of cell-free DNA (cfDNA) in the circulation, which contribute to post-injury complications. The endonuclease deoxyribonuclease 1 (DNase-1) is responsible for removing 90% of circulating cfDNA. Recently, DNase activity was reported to be significantly reduced following major non-traumatic brain injury (TBI), but the processes responsible were not investigated. Read More

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January 2021

Early Experience with Biobranetm for Definitive Coverage of Tangentially Excised Partial-Thickness Thermal Burns.

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):119-124

Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Singapore General Hospital, Singapore.

Biobrane is a popular biosynthetic semi-permeable skin substitute conventionally applied onto non-excised partial thickness burn wounds to facilitate healing. The use of Biobrane for definitive coverage after excision of partial-thickness thermal burns has not been reported. We highlighted our experience of immediate Biobrane application for definitive coverage of tangentially-excised partial thickness thermal burn wounds in four patients. Read More

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January 2021

Evaluation of Vitamin D3 and Calcium Deficiency after Recovery from Extensive Burn.

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):60-65

Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Previous studies in pediatric populations have demonstrated that vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with large burns. The aim of the current comparative study was to investigate the serum level of vitamin D in patients with large burns [>20% total body surface area (TBSA)] after 6 months of therapy.

Methods: This case control study was conducted during 6-month period from 2017 to 2018 in Amiralmomenin Hospital, Shiraz, Iran. Read More

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January 2021

Supraclavicular Artery Flap versus Skin Graft: Which Is a Better Reconstructive Tool for Managing Post-Burn Contractures in the Neck.

Authors:
Muhammad Saaiq

World J Plast Surg 2021 Jan;10(1):15-21

Department of Plastic Surgery and Burns, National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine (NIRM), Islamabad, Pakistan.

Background: Burn in developing countries still has high burden of inadequately managed severe burns. This study compared supraclavicular artery flap and skin graft in managing neck post-burn contractures.

Methods: In National Institute of Rehabilitation Medicine and Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, Pakistan, 30 patients with neck post-burn contractures were enrolled. Read More

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January 2021

C-Reactive Protein-to-Albumin Ratio Predicts Sepsis and Prognosis in Patients with Severe Burn Injury.

Mediators Inflamm 2021 24;2021:6621101. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Plastic and Burn Surgery, Hwa Mei Hospital, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 41 Xibei Road, Haishu District, Ningbo City, 315000 Zhejiang Province, China.

Background: Sepsis is a leading cause of mortality among severe burns. This study was conducted to investigate the predictive role of C-reactive protein-to-albumin ratio (CAR) for sepsis and prognosis in severe burns.

Methods: Patients with severe burn injuries from 2013 to 2017 were enrolled and divided into septic and nonseptic groups based on the presence of sepsis within 30 days postburn. Read More

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A novel, hands-free ultrasound patch for continuous monitoring of quantitative Doppler in the carotid artery.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7780. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Sunnybrook Research Institute, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Center, Toronto, ON, Canada.

Quantitative Doppler ultrasound of the carotid artery has been proposed as an instantaneous surrogate for monitoring rapid changes in left ventricular output. Tracking immediate changes in the arterial Doppler spectrogram has value in acute care settings such as the emergency department, operating room and critical care units. We report a novel, hands-free, continuous-wave Doppler ultrasound patch that adheres to the neck and tracks Doppler blood flow metrics in the common carotid artery using an automated algorithm. Read More

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Utilization of a Newly Designed Asymmetric Dorsal Gull Wing Flap for the Treatment of Postoperative Web Creep After Syndactyly Surgery.

Ann Plast Surg 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

From the Department of Burns and Plastic Surgery, Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Child Development and Disorders, National Clinical Research Center for Child Health and Disorders, China International Science and Technology Cooperation Base of Child Development and Critical Disorders; Chongqing Key Laboratory of Pediatrics, Children's Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, P.R. China.

Background: Web creep is the most common long-term complication requiring revision after syndactyly surgery; however, few methods have been reported. The aim of this study was to introduce a newly designed asymmetric dorsal gull wing flap to reconstruct web for the postoperative web creep.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was performed for 20 patients from January 2016 to May 2019. Read More

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Margarita Burn: Recognition and Treatment of Phytophotodermatitis.

J Am Board Fam Med 2021 Mar-Apr;34(2):398-401

From the Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo (GM); Department of Family Medicine at Texas A&M College of Medicine, Bryan/College Station (KML); Department of Internal Medicine at Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center, Amarillo (JW).

Phytophotodermatitis is a cutaneous reaction caused by direct contact with phototoxic agents and subsequent sunlight exposure. Furocoumarins and psoralens are 2 phototoxic agents that can cause this reaction, and these organic chemical compounds are found in many plant species consumed by humans. Following contact exposure to such foods and ultraviolet radiation exposure via direct sunlight, phytophotodermatitis can occur. Read More

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Measuring the impact of burn injury on the parent-reported health outcomes of children 1-to-5 years: Item pool development for the Preschool Life Impact Burn Recovery Evaluation (LIBRE) Profile.

Burns 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Shriners Hospitals for Children - Boston, Boston, MA, United States; Department of Surgery, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, United States. Electronic address:

Modern, reliable, and valid outcome measures are essential to understanding the health needs of young children with burn injuries. Burn-specific and age-appropriate legacy assessment tools exist for this population but are hindered by the limitations of existing paper-based instruments. The purpose of this study was to develop item pools comprised of questions appropriate for children aged 1-5 with burn injuries. Read More

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February 2021

De Ritis ratio as a predictor of 1-year mortality after burn surgery.

Burns 2021 Feb 17. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Background: Burn is an overwhelming injury. The De Ritis ratio, defined as aspartate aminotransferase to alanine aminotransferase ratio, can be used to predict poor outcomes. We evaluated the risk factors, including the De Ritis ratio, associated with 1-year mortality after burn surgery. Read More

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February 2021

"Managing uncertainty": Experiences of family members of burn patients from injury occurrence to the end-of-life period.

Burns 2021 Feb 23. Epub 2021 Feb 23.

Plastics, Burns and Reconstructive Surgical Division, Directorate of Surgery, Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital, Kumasi, Ghana.

Background: Although mortality rates associated with burns have decreased, there is still a significant number of persons who may not survive severe forms of the injury and thus, undergo comfort/end of life care. The experiences of family members of persons whose injuries are deemed unsurvivable remain minimally explored and there is a general lack of practice guidelines and recommendations to support them at the end-of-life period.

Aim: To explore the experiences of family members whose relatives died in the burn unit to inform the development of practice recommendations. Read More

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February 2021

Addressing Barriers to Implementing Problem-Based Learning.

AANA J 2021 Apr;89(2):117-124

is a professor at Midwestern University, Glendale, Arizona, and adjunct faculty at Texas Wesleyan University, Fort Worth, Texas.

Problem-based learning (PBL) allows students to address knowledge deficits by providing them with a clinical case so that they explore all aspects of patient care. The advantages of PBL for students include improving critical thinking skills, increased clinical reasoning, and exposure to self-directed learning. Although PBL is commonly used in medical education, it seems to be seldom used in nurse anesthesia education. Read More

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[Complications of Da Vinci robot thyroid surgery by bilateral axillo-breast approach].

Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;56(4):363-368

Department of Thyroid and Breast Surgery, the 960th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army of China, Jinan 250031, China.

To evaluate the complications of Da Vinci robotic thyroid surgery by bilateral axillo-breast approach. A retrospective analysis of complications was conducted on 1, 198 cases of Da Vinci robotic thyroid surgery by bilateral axillo-breast approach of the 960 th Hospital of the People's Liberation Army from February 2014 to March 2020. There were 263 men and 935 women, age ranged from 9 to 68 years old, and included 288 benign lesions and 910 malignancies according to preoperative imaging examination, FNAC, and intraoperative frozen pathology. Read More

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[Expert consensus on the clinical diagnosis and treatment of eye burns in China (2021)].

Authors:

Zhonghua Yan Ke Za Zhi 2021 Apr;57(4):254-260

Eye burns, which are usually caused by chemicals such as acidic, alkaline and heat-related substances, are true medical emergencies. These substances can lead to potential permanent damage to the eyelids, cornea, ocular surface and intraocular tissues. In severe cases, eye burns may result in blindness. Read More

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Managing fires in a changing world: Fuel and weather determine fire behavior and safety in the neotropical savannas.

J Environ Manage 2021 Apr 5;289:112508. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Departamento de Ecologia, Universidade de Brasília, Campus Universitário Darcy Ribeiro, Brasília, DF, CEP 70910-900, Brazil; PEQUI - Pesquisa e Conservação do Cerrado. SRTVN Qd. 701, Ed. Brasília Rádio Center, Sala 3030, Brasília, DF, CEP: 70719-900, Brazil. Electronic address:

Fire is an important ecological disturbance, but anthropogenic wildfires increasingly threaten native ecosystems and human lives. In fire-prone ecosystems, zero-fire policies have been replaced by active fire management to reduce the risk of wildfires and improve ecological outcomes. The environmental drivers of fire behavior are widely known, but climate change and deforestation are changing their roles, making fires less predictable. Read More

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Analysis of major fatty acids from matched plasma and serum samples reveals highly comparable absolute and relative levels.

Prostaglandins Leukot Essent Fatty Acids 2021 Mar 31;168:102268. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Kinesiology, University of Guelph-Humber, Toronto, ON, M9W 5L7, Canada; Department of Human Health and Nutritional Sciences, University of Guelph, Guelph, ON, N1G2W1, Canada. Electronic address:

Measuring fatty acid (FA) levels in blood as a risk factor for chronic disease has been studied extensively. Previous research has used either plasma or serum samples to examine these associations. However, whether results from plasma and serum samples can be compared remains unclear, as differences in methodology related to the separation of plasma and serum from whole blood may impact FA levels. Read More

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Guam: The US Territory Where America's Day Begins but Abortion Access Is Still in the Dark.

Contraception 2021 Apr 5. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

University of Hawai'i John A. Burns School of Medicine, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Women's Health, 1319 Punahou St. Ste 824, Honolulu, HI 96826, USA. Electronic address:

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The impact of diabetes mellitus on mortality and infection outcomes in burn patients: a meta-analysis.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Mar;25(6):2481-2492

Department of Burn Plastic Surgery, The Fourth People's Hospital of Jinan, Jinan, Shandong Province, P.R. China.

Objective: Burns are one of the most commonly occurring soft tissue injuries worldwide. It has been reported that burns are associated with a higher prevalence of complications, mortality, and hospitalization-related outcomes in patients with coexisting diabetes mellitus. Moreover, the morbidity and mortality related outcomes associated with diabetes in patients with burns. Read More

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A Robotic Framework to Facilitate Sensory Experiences for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder: A Preliminary Study.

ACM Trans Hum Robot Interact 2019 Dec;9(1)

George Washington University.

The diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) in children is commonly accompanied by a diagnosis of sensory processing disorders. Abnormalities are usually reported in multiple sensory processing domains, showing a higher prevalence of unusual responses, particularly to tactile, auditory and visual stimuli. This paper discusses a novel robot-based framework designed to target sensory difficulties faced by children with ASD in a controlled setting. Read More

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December 2019

Regional Variations of Insulin Secretion and Insulin Sensitivity in Japanese Participants With Normal Glucose Tolerance.

Front Nutr 2021 22;8:632422. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, School of Medicine, Fukushima Medical University, Fukushima, Japan.

Regional differences in dietary patterns in Asian countries might affect the balance of insulin response and sensitivity. However, this notion is yet to be validated. To clarify the regional differences in the insulin response and sensitivity and their relationship to nutrients, we compared the insulin secretory response during an oral glucose tolerance test in Japanese participants. Read More

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Bleeding eyelid with a diagnostic dilemma.

BMJ Case Rep 2021 Apr 7;14(4). Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Surgical Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Rishikesh, Uttarakhand, India

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Response to Vercelli et al. Re: "Physical Management of Scar Tissue: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis".

J Altern Complement Med 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Faculty of Physical Education and Physiotherapy, Vrije Universiteit Brussel, Brussels, Belgium.

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Outcomes and Complications of Surgical Removal of Foreign Body Granulomas Due to Illicit Polymer Injection for Cosmetic Purposes.

Aesthet Surg J 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Junior staff, Department of Rheumatology, Hospital Angeles del Pedregal, Mexico City, Mexico.

Background: There are several local complications associated with subcutaneous injection of illicit polymers, including: injection-site deformity, granulomas, and skin changes.

Objectives: To compare the postoperative complications and symptom flare in patients undergoing surgical excision of foreign-body granulomas.

Methods: We retrospectively examined data of patients who underwent surgical removal of foreign-body granulomas caused by polymer injection for cosmetic purposes with UAL, en bloc excision with primary closure, skin grafts, or free flaps during 2014-2020. Read More

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Carboxymethyl chitosan hydrogel formulations enhance the healing process in experimental partial-thickness (second-degree) burn wound healing.

Acta Cir Bras 2021 5;36(3):e360303. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

PhD. Universidade Federal de Goiás - Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - Departamento de Biociências e Tecnologia - Goiânia (GO), Brazil.

Purpose: This study aimed to elaborate a hydrogel constituted by carboxymethyl chitosan (CMC), hyaluronic acid (HA) and silver (Ag) and to evaluate its healing effect on partial-thickness burn wounds experimentally induced in rats.

Methods: CMC was obtained by chitosan reacting with monochloroacetic acid. The carboxymethylation was confirmed by Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and hydrogen nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). Read More

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