Cancers (Basel) 2021 Apr 2;13(7). Epub 2021 Apr 2.
Infections and Immunoepidemiology Branch, Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892, USA.
Background: Endemic Burkitt lymphoma (eBL) is the most common childhood cancer in Africa and is linked to () malaria infection, one of the most common and deadly childhood infections in Africa; however, the role of genetic diversity is unclear. A potential role of genetic diversity in eBL has been suggested by a correlation of age-specific patterns of eBL with the complexity of infection in Ghana, Uganda, and Tanzania, as well as a finding of significantly higher genetic diversity, based on a sensitive molecular barcode assay, in eBL cases than matched controls in Malawi. We examined this hypothesis by measuring diversity in serine repeat antigen-5 (), an antigenic target of blood-stage immunity to malaria, among 200 eBL cases and 140 controls, all polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-positive, in Malawi. Read More