35,872 results match your criteria bronchoscopy


Endoscopy Training in Small Animal Internal Medicine: A Survey of Residency Training Programs in North America.

J Vet Med Educ 2021 Jun 11:e20200165. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Competency in multiple endoscopic techniques is a major goal of small animal internal medicine (SAIM) residency programs. Training relies predominantly on mentored supervision of procedures performed on patients. Supplementation of this apprenticeship model with classroom sessions and hands-on laboratories can be advantageous to trainees and patients. Read More

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Risk of Lung Allograft Dysfunction Associated With Infection.

Transplant Direct 2021 Mar 18;7(3):e675. Epub 2021 Feb 18.

Service de Chirurgie Thoracique, Vasculaire et Transplantation Cardio-pulmonaire, Hôpital Marie-Lannelongue, Le Plessis-Robinson, France.

We sought to determine whether invasive aspergillosis (IA) during the first year after lung transplantation increased the risk of chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD).

Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 191 patients who underwent lung transplantation at our institution between January 2013 and December 2017. Screening for was with bronchial aspirates, bronchoalveolar lavage if indicated or during surveillance bronchoscopy, radiography, and computed tomography. Read More

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Endobronchial Tumor With Ball Valve Mechanism: A Real Airway Emergency.

Cureus 2021 Jun 8;13(6):e15522. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Interventional Pulmonology, Norton Thoracic Institute, Phoenix , USA.

Central airway obstruction due to the tumor can present as near-complete tracheal obstruction. The results can be life-threatening requiring emergent intervention. Rigid bronchoscopy has been preferred for the management of central airway obstruction. Read More

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Middle Lobe Syndrome Associated with Bronchial Anthracofibrosis.

Acta Med Litu 2020 21;27(2):100-103. Epub 2020 Dec 21.

Canakkale Onsekiz Mart University, School of Medicine, Department of Radiology, 17100, Canakkale, Turkey Orcid id: 0000-0002-9296-9489.

Bronchial anthracofibrosis has been defined as airway narrowing associated with dark pigmentation on bronchoscopy without an appropriate history of pneumoconiosis or smoking. We present a case of a 67-year-old, non-smoking female patient who was referred to our clinic for two years of persistent cough. Spirometry was within normal limits. Read More

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December 2020

Guidelines on analgosedation, monitoring, and recovery time for flexible bronchoscopy: a systematic review.

BMC Pulm Med 2021 Jun 10;21(1):198. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Lung Clinic Cologne-Merheim, Thoracic Surgery, Hospital of Cologne, University of Witten/Herdecke, Ostmerheimer Str. 200, 51109, Cologne, Germany.

Background: Patients undergoing bronchoscopy in spontaneous breathing are prone to hypoxaemia and hypercapnia. Sedation, airway obstruction, and lung diseases impair respiration and gas exchange. The restitution of normal respiration takes place in the recovery room. Read More

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Comprehensive Analysis of the Diagnosis and Treatment of Tracheobronchial Foreign Bodies in Children.

Ear Nose Throat J 2021 Jun 10:1455613211023019. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, 117747Yantai Yuhuangding Hospital, Qingdao University, Yantai, Shandong, China.

Objective: To analyze the factors influencing the diagnosis and treatment of tracheobronchial foreign bodies (TFBs) in children.

Methods: The clinical data of 300 consecutive children with suspected TFBs who were admitted to our department between January 2016 and December 2019 were retrospectively collected, including demographics, diagnosis, history of foreign body inhalation, preoperative chest computed tomography (CT) findings, duration of foreign body retention, time from admission to operation, operation duration, duration of hospitalization, and complications.

Results: Among the 300 cases, the male:female ratio was 193:107, and the age range was 6 months to 12 years (median age: 19 months). Read More

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Development of an alveolar transbronchial catheter for concurrent fiber optics based imaging and fluid delivery.

J Med Device 2018 Sep 24;12(3). Epub 2018 Jul 24.

Department of Bioengineering, University of Utah, 36 S Wasatch Dr., Salt Lake City UT, 84112.

Optical molecular imaging is an emerging field and high resolution optical imaging of the distal lung parenchyma has been made possible with the advent of clinically approved fiber based imaging modalities. However, currently, there is no single method of allowing the simultaneous imaging and delivery of targeted molecular imaging agents. The objective of this research is to create a catheterized device capable of fulfilling this need. Read More

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September 2018

Adaptive immune system in pulmonary sarcoidosis - comparison of peripheral and alveolar biomarkers.

Clin Exp Immunol 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Respiratory Diseases and Lung Transplantation, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences & Neurosciences, Siena University Hospital, Siena, 53100, Italy.

Sarcoidosis is a multisystemic granulomatous disease of unknown origin. Recent research has focused on the role of autoimmunity in its development and progression. This study aimed to determine and define disturbance and distribution of T- and B-cell subsets in the alveolar and peripheral compartments. Read More

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Chronic eosinophilic pneumonitis due to the inhalation of aerosolized face lotion: A case report.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 May;100(19):e25860

Respiratory Disease Center, Fukujuji Hospital, Japan Anti-Tuberculosis Association (JATA), Kiyose City, Tokyo.

Rationale: Inhalation of toxic agents can induce eosinophilic pneumonia. However, only a few case reports demonstrate that exposure to materials can induce chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP). Here, we describe a rare case of CEP with mild alveolar hemorrhage due to the inhalation of aerosols from face lotion. Read More

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Type-2 airway inflammation in mild asthma patients with high blood eosinophils and high fractional exhaled nitric oxide.

Clin Transl Sci 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Division of Infection, Immunity and Respiratory Medicine, Manchester University NHS Foundation Trust, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK.

Type-2 (T2) inflammation is a characteristic feature of asthma. Biological therapies have been developed to target T2-inflammation in asthma. IL-13 is a key component of T2-inflammation in asthma, driving mucus hypersecretion, IgE-induction, and smooth muscle contraction. Read More

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Bronchoscopy during the COVID-19 pandemic: A survey study.

Turk Gogus Kalp Damar Cerrahisi Derg 2021 Apr 26;29(2):183-190. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Chest Diseases, Koç University, School of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: In this study, we aimed to evaluate the attitudes and behaviors of physicians performing bronchoscopy during the COVID-19 outbreak.

Methods: Between March 2020 and May 2020, a total of 153 physicians were included in the study. An invitation letter for the participation in the study with a structured questionnaire of 18 questions were sent to the mail groups twice with five-day intervals. Read More

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Role of bronchoscopy in critically ill patients with COVID-19 pneumonia.

Rev Clin Esp (Barc) 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Servicio de Neumología, Hospital Universitario de Bellvitge - IDIBELL - Universitat de Barcelona, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, Barcelona, Spain.

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[Application of endobronchial ultrasound in children: an analysis of 4 cases].

Zhonghua Er Ke Za Zhi 2021 Jun;59(6):511-515

Department No. 2 of Respiratory Diseases, Beijing Children's Hospital, Capital Medical University, National Center for Children's Health, Beijing 100045, China.

To investigate the feasibility, clinical efficacy and safety of endobronchial ultasound (EBUS) in children. The radiological features, EBUS images, pathological results and intraoperative and postoperative complications of 3 cases who underwent EBUS examination and 1 case who underwent EBUS guided transbronchial needle aspiration (EBUS-TBNA) were retrospectively analyzed. Among the 4 cases, 2 were males and 2 were females, with the onset age of 7. Read More

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Oblique Carinal End-to-End-Anastomosis for Pig Bronchus in Organ Donor and Lung Transplant Recipient.

Ann Thorac Surg 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Thoracic Surgery, Medical University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria. Electronic address:

Pig bronchi are rare anomalies, in which the right upper lobe bronchus originates above the carina. During surgery, this can lead to technical challenges associated with the bronchial anastomosis, especially during lung transplantation. We herein report the case of a combined liver-lung transplantation with a pig bronchus in both, the organ donor and the transplant recipient. Read More

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Opaque hemithorax - An interesting case.

Indian J Tuberc 2021 Jul 2;68(3):420-424. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Jaipur Golden Hospital, Delhi, India.

Objective: To present an interesting case of left opaque hemithorax in an adult female and discuss its assessment and management.

Methods: Design: Case Report.

Setting: Tertiary care hospital. Read More

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Pediatric Airway Endoscopy: Recommendations of the Society for Pediatric Pneumology.

Respiration 2021 Jun 7:1-18. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Division of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine, University Children's Hospital Basel, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland.

For many decades, pediatric bronchoscopy has been an integral part of the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic pulmonary diseases in children. Rapid technical advances have continuously influenced the performance of the procedure. Over the years, the application of pediatric bronchoscopy has considerably expanded to a broad range of indications. Read More

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Endobronchial ultrasound for T4 staging in patients with resectable NSCLC.

Lung Cancer 2021 May 28;158:18-24. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Respiratory Medicine, Amsterdam University Medical Centers, Location Academic Medical Center (AMC), Amsterdam, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Background: In lung cancer patients, accurate assessment of mediastinal and vascular tumor invasion (stage T4) is crucial for optimal treatment allocation and to prevent unnecessary thoracotomies. We assessed the diagnostic accuracy of linear endobronchial ultrasound (EBUS) for T4-status in patients with centrally located lung cancer.

Methods: This is a retrospective study among consecutive patients who underwent EBUS for diagnosis and staging of lung cancer in four hospitals in The Netherlands (Amsterdam, Leiden), Italy (Bologna) and Poland (Zakopane) between 04-2012 and 04-2019. Read More

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Bronchial carcinoid tumor managed with bronchial artery embolization before endobronchial resection: A case report.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Department of Respiratory Medicine and Allergology, Aichi Medical University, Nagakute, Japan.

Endobronchial resection using a bronchoscope is often selected as treatment for carcinoid tumors located in the central airways. However, massive bleeding is one of the most serious complications during bronchoscopic surgery. Here, we report the case of a 77-year-old female with a typical carcinoid tumor located in the right truncus intermedius who underwent bronchial artery embolization (BAE) one day before endobronchial intervention using a flexible bronchoscope. Read More

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The LungVision navigational platform for peripheral lung nodule biopsy and the added value of cryobiopsy.

Thorac Cancer 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Pulmonary Division, Rabin Medical Center, Petach Tikva, Israel.

Background: The LungVision system is a novel augmented-fluoroscopy-based real-time navigation and guidance technology for bronchoscopy that can be integrated with any standard biopsy tool, including the cryoprobe, to enable real-time visualization and localization of pulmonary nodules.

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic yield and safety among patients undergoing peripheral pulmonary nodule biopsy with the LungVision system.

Methods: This prospective, single-center study was conducted at Rabin Medical Center in Israel. Read More

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Well-Differentiated Thyroid Cancer Invading the Trachea in a Pediatric Patient.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 May-Jun;7(3):207-210. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

University of Michigan, Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Objectives: Pediatric thyroid cancer is rare. Most cases are well-differentiated thyroid cancers (WDTCs). However, gross laryngotracheal invasion of WDTCs is unusual. Read More

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Endobronchial Metastasis of Renal Carcinoma: A Case Report and Review of Previous Literature.

Front Surg 2021 21;8:658749. Epub 2021 May 21.

Department of Thorax, Second Hospital of Jilin University, Changchun, China.

The definition of endobronchial metastasis (EBM) lacks clarity because it is currently based on the judgments of surgeons; it is rare in patients with nonpulmonary malignancies. Although EBM represents an advanced stage of malignancy, it does not necessarily indicate a poorer prognosis than that for its primary tumors. The present study defines EBM as bronchoscopy-visible lesions with histologically confirmed primary extrapulmonary tumors, excluding those primary lung tumors with involvement of the bronchial lumen. Read More

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Undiagnosed tracheomalacia accompanied with accidental expiratory central airway collapse after tracheal intubation.

Acute Med Surg 2021 Jan-Dec;8(1):e665. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Anesthesiology Shonan Kamakura General Hospital Kamakura Japan.

Background: A patient with undiagnosed tracheomalacia undergoing surgery experienced accidental expiratory central airway collapse after tracheal intubation. Here, we aimed to diagnose tracheomalacia from the preoperative data.

Case Presentation: A 73-year-old man, scheduled for abdominal surgery, had a clinical history of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Read More

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Recurrent hepatocellular carcinoma presenting as thoracic lymphadenopathy.

Respirol Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;9(7):e00792. Epub 2021 May 27.

Respiratory Department Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital Perth WA Australia.

Metastatic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) can involve the lung parenchyma. However, predominant thoracic lymphadenopathy involvement is less described and there are multiple alternative malignant and non-malignant causes of a similar appearance. Accurate tissue diagnosis is important to determine appropriate management and prognostication. Read More

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Tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica-stalactite of airways.

Respirol Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;9(7):e00790. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Respiratory Medicine Penang General Hospital Penang Malaysia.

A case of tracheobronchopathia osteochondroplastica (TO) was diagnosed in a 53-year-old man, who presented with prolonged cough and recurrent respiratory tract infection. Bronchoscopy revealed exostosis over the anterolateral wall of trachea and main bronchi sparing the posterior membranous wall. The endobronchial biopsy subsequently revealed ossification of the cartilage. Read More

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The relative importance of predictive factors for single first-generation EGFR-TKI use for more than 5 years in patients with advanced non-small cell lung cancer: Taiwan multicenter TIPS-5 study.

Ther Adv Med Oncol 2021 22;13:17588359211018022. Epub 2021 May 22.

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Department of Internal Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital, No.110, Sec. 1, Jianguo N. Road, Taichung, 402.

Background: The relative importance of predictive factors for advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) patients on epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR)-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (TKI) treatment remains unclear.

Materials And Methods: We retrospectively enrolled advanced NSCLC patients with single first-generation EGFR-TKI treatment for ⩾5 years (Y) in Taiwan. Clinical data was collected and compared with those of another cohort with single first-line EGFR-TKI treatment for <5 Y. Read More

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Use of nebulised N-acetylcysteine as a life-saving mucolytic in intensive care: A case report.

J Intensive Care Soc 2020 Nov 19;21(4):296-298. Epub 2019 Sep 19.

Sandwell and West Birmingham Hospitals NHS Trust, West Bromwich, UK.

We present a case of critical airway obstruction secondary to a solid tracheal mucus plug in a patient with pneumonia. Following failed conventional mucolysis therapy, nebulised N-acetylcysteine acted as a life-saving mucolytic, and prevented imminent cardiorespiratory arrest. Use of oral N-acetylcysteine as a mucolytic has been long established within respiratory medicine in managing chronic airway disease, but is rarely utilised in critically ill or mechanically ventilated patients due to the lack of comparative studies in literature. Read More

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November 2020

Correlation of Luminal Mucus Score in Large Airways with Lung Function and Quality of Life in Severe Acute Exacerbation of COPD: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Chron Obstruct Pulmon Dis 2021 28;16:1449-1459. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Preventive Medicine, Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, 515041, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Background And Objective: Luminal mucus plugging in small airways is associated with lung function decline and death of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, little attention has been paid to the possible role of mucus in large airways in acute exacerbation of COPD (AECOPD). Therefore, this study aimed to explore the relationship between the luminal mucus score of large airways and other physiological parameters of severe AECOPD. Read More

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Comparative Evaluation of the Role of Nonbronchoscopic and Bronchoscopic Techniques of Distal Airway Sampling for the Diagnosis of Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia.

Anesth Essays Res 2020 Jul-Sep;14(3):434-440. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Department of Anaesthesiology and Critical Care, Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Background: The diagnosis of ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) remains a challenge, with clinicians mainly relying on clinical, radiological, and bacteriologic strategies to manage patients with VAP.

Aims: To compare the results of non-bronchoscopic and bronchoscopic techniques of distal airway sampling for the diagnosis of VAP.

Settings And Design: This was a single-center prospective diagnostic accuracy study done in the 14-bedded intensive care unit of a tertiary care referral hospital. Read More

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Generalised lymphadenopathy in a patient with fever of unknown origin as a differential diagnostic challenge - case report.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 May;71(5):1489-1492

Department of Infectious diseases, Faculty of Medical Sciences, University of Kragujevac, Serbia.

Fever of unknown origin (FUO) presents a major diagnostic challenge as it is a consequence of many infectious as well as malignant, rheumatologic and other diseases. Here we present the case of a woman with mediastinal and abdominal lymphadenopathy who was initially suspected to have lymphoproliferative disease, but our histopathologic examination revealed sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis, especially chronic, is a rare cause of FUO, because it usually manifests as a febrile condition. Read More

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Study of the effect of added bronchoscopic suction to routine treatment of ventilator associated pneumonia patients in surgical ICU.

J Pak Med Assoc 2021 May;71(5):1326-1331

Department of Anesthesiology, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Iran.

Objective: Comparing BAL and antibiotic therapy with antibiotic therapy itself for treating VAP patients in ICU.

Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, the first group was treated using antibiotics and closed-suction was performed daily, using 50 cc of sterile normal saline. The second group was treated with antibiotics and daily closed-suction with 50 cc of sterile normal saline, plus bronchoscopic suction every other day. Read More

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