7,824 results match your criteria brevis


A systematic review of waterborne and water-related disease in animal populations of Florida from 1999-2019.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(7):e0255025. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Public Health, University of North Florida, Jacksonville, Florida, United States of America.

Background: Florida's waters are a reservoir for a host of pathogens and toxins. Many of these microorganisms cause water-related diseases in people that are reportable to the Florida Department of Health. Our objective in this review was to ascertain which water-related pathogens and toxins of public health importance have been found in animal populations in Florida over the last twenty years. Read More

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Eccentric exercise causes delayed sensory nerve conduction velocity but no repeated bout effect in the flexor pollicis brevis muscles.

Eur J Appl Physiol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Graduate School of Health and Sports Science, Nippon Sport Science University, Tokyo, Japan.

Purpose: This study was aimed at investigating the effect of eccentric contractions (ECCs) of flexor pollicis brevis muscles (FPBMs) on motor and sensory nerve functions as well as the ipsilateral repeated bout effect (IL-RBE) and contralateral (CL)-RBE of motor and sensory nerve conduction velocities following ECCs.

Methods: Thirty-two young healthy men (age: 19.6 ± 0. Read More

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Enhancement of edeine production in Brevibacillus brevis X23 via in situ promoter engineering.

Microb Biotechnol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

College of Plant Protection, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Edeines, a group of cationic antimicrobial peptides produced by the soil bacterium Brevibacillus, have broad biological effects, such as antimicrobial, anticancer and immunosuppressive activities. However, the yield of edeines in wild-type (WT) Brevibacillus is extremely low, and chemical synthesis of edeines is a time-consuming process. Genetic engineering has proven to be an effective approach to produce antibiotics with high yield. Read More

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Effects of Delayed Harvest and Additives on Fermentation Quality and Bacterial Community of Corn Stalk Silage.

Front Microbiol 2021 7;12:687481. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Sichuan Academy of Grassland Sciences, Chengdu, China.

This study aimed to investigate the effects of delayed harvest and additives on the fermentation quality and bacterial community of corn stalk silage in South China. The corn stalks after ear harvest at the 0 day (D0), 7 days (D7), and 15 days (D15) were used to produce small-bale silages. The silages at each harvest time were treated without (control, CK) or with (LP) and sodium benzoate (BF). Read More

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Role of modified diet and gut microbiota in metabolic endotoxemia in mice.

Arch Microbiol 2021 Jul 24. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Institute of Industrial Biotechnology, GC University, Lahore, Pakistan.

This study was aimed at investigating the effect of cultured gut microbiota (GM) from obese humans coupled HFD in inducing metabolic endotoxemia in humanized mice. In total, 30 strains were isolated from 10 stool samples of obese patients. Following morphological and biochemical characterization, 16S rRNA gene sequencing of six abundant isolates identified these Klebsiella aerogenes, Levilactobacillus brevis, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus cereus and Bacillus subtilis (MZ052089-MZ052094). Read More

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Characterization of the protein structure of soymilk fermented by Lactobacillus and evaluation of its potential allergenicity based on the sensitized-cell model.

Food Chem 2021 Jul 10;366:130569. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

State Key Laboratory of Food Science and Technology, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China; Sino-German Joint Research Institute, Nanchang University, Nanchang 330047, China. Electronic address:

This study aimed to investigate the effects of fermented soymilk (FSM) with Lactobacillus brevis CICC 23,474 and L. brevis CICC 23,470 on the structural changes and allergenicity of major allergenic proteins in soymilk (SM). Spectroscopy and liquid chromatograph-tandem mass spectrometer (LC-MS/MS) were used to characterize changes in protein spatial structure and epitopes. Read More

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Probiotic and Antifungal Attributes of MYSN105, Isolated From an Indian Traditional Fermented Food Pozha.

Front Microbiol 2021 5;12:696267. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Departmen of Studies in Microbiology, University of Mysore, Mysuru, India.

The use of probiotics and antifungal capabilities of the lactic acid bacteria (LAB) isolated from different niches is a strategy to prepare functional cultures and biopreservatives for food/feed industries. In the present study, LAB strains isolated from an Indian traditional fermented food, Pozha, were evaluated for their probiotic properties and biocontrol potential. A total of 20 LAB isolates were selected from Pozha samples collected aseptically and screened for their antagonistic activity against . Read More

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Ubiquitous influenza A virus in Chilean swine before the H1N1pdm09 introduction.

Transbound Emerg Dis 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Departamento de Medicina Preventiva Animal, Facultad de Ciencias Veterinarias y Pecuarias, Universidad de Chile, Santiago, Chile.

Influenza A virus (IAV) was a neglected swine pathogen in South America before the 2009 H1N1 pandemic (A(H1N1)pdm2009). The A(H1N1)pdm2009 strain has widely spread among the Chilean swine population and co-circulates with endemic H1N2 and H3N2 viruses. The presence of IAV as a swine pathogen in Chilean swine before the 2009 pandemic is unknown. Read More

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Oscillatory EEG-TMS Reactivity in Parkinson Disease.

J Clin Neurophysiol 2021 Jul 6. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Neuroscience, Section of Rehabilitation, University of Padova, Padova, Italy; Parkinson and Movement Disorders Unit, Study Centre on Neurodegeneration (CESNE), Department of Neuroscience, University of Padova, Padova, Italy; Padova Neuroscience Center, University of Padova, Padova, Italy; and Neurology Section, Cattinara University Hospital, University of Trieste, Trieste, Italy.

Purpose: A dysfunction of beta oscillatory activity is the neurophysiological hallmark of Parkinson disease (PD). How cortical activity reacts to external perturbations may provide insight into pathophysiological mechanisms. This study aims at identifying modifications in EEG rhythms after transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) in PD. Read More

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Hypoglycemic and Hypolipidemic Activity of Fermented with YM 1301 in Diabetic C57BL/6 Mice.

J Med Food 2021 Jul;24(7):720-731

Key Laboratory of Medicinal Resources and Natural Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Ministry of Education, National Engineering Laboratory for Resource Developing of Endangered Chinese Crude Drugs in Northwest of China, College of Life Science, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, Shaanxi, China.

(PS) has been used as herbal medicine to treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, how lactic acid fermentation of PS influences glucose and lipid metabolism remains unclear. The current study was undertaken to evaluate the hypoglycemic and hypolipidemic effects of PS fermented with YM 1301 (YM 1301) in streptozotocin and high-fat diet-induced T2DM mice. Read More

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The Long-Term Effect of Treatment Using the Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation rTMS in Patients after Incomplete Cervical or Thoracic Spinal Cord Injury.

J Clin Med 2021 Jul 2;10(13). Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Department of Neurosurgery, Wroclaw Medical University, Borowska 213, 50-556 Wroclaw, Poland.

Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) may support motor function recovery in patients with incomplete spinal cord injury (iSCI). Its effectiveness mainly depends on the applied algorithm. This clinical and neurophysiological study aimed to assess the effectiveness of high-frequency rTMS in iSCI patients at the C2-Th12 levels. Read More

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Effects of paired associated stimulation with different stimulation position on motor cortex excitability and upper limb motor function in patients with cerebral infarction.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Aug 26;90:363-369. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430030, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the effects of paired associated stimulation (PAS) with different stimulation position on motor cortex excitability and upper limb motor function in patients with cerebral infarction.

Method: A total of 120 volunteers with cerebral infarction were randomly divided into four groups. Based on conventional rehabilitation treatment, the PAS stimulation group was given the corresponding position of PAS treatment once a day for 28 consecutive days. Read More

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Split hand in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Clin Neurosci 2021 Aug 21;90:293-301. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Neurology, Peking Union Medical College Hospital, Beijing 100730, China. Electronic address:

Objective: To investigate the frequency of split hand (SI) and its diagnostic performance in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS).

Methods: PubMed, EMBASE, OVID and other databases were searched systematically up to March 2021 for relevant reports about the split hand syndrome. Two reviewers screened and selected the titles and abstracts of the studies independently during the database searches and performed full-text reviews and extracted available data. Read More

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"More Guts Than Brains?"-The Role of Gut Microbiota in Idiopathic Intracranial Hypertension.

J Neuroophthalmol 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Department of Ophthalmology (EB, BT, AK), Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Institute of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (YK), Hillel Yaffe Medical Center, Hadera, Israel; Department of Cell Biology and Cancer Science (DK, SC, NG-K), Rappaport Faculty of Medicine, Technion Israel Institute of Technology, Technion Integrated Cancer Center (TICC), Haifa, Israel; Sackler Faculty of Medicine (AK), Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; and Canadian Institute for Advanced Research (CIFAR) (NG-Z), Azrieli Global Scholar, MaRS Centre, Toronto, Canada.

Background: Idiopathic intracranial hypertension syndrome (IIH) is most common among obese women. Weight loss is an important factor in improving papilledema. Over the last decade, growing evidence has identified gut microbiota as a potential factor in the pathophysiology of obesity. Read More

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Age differences in ocular demodicosis: Demodex profiles and clinical manifestations.

Ann Transl Med 2021 May;9(9):791

State Key Laboratory of Ophthalmology, Zhongshan Ophthalmic Center, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Background: infestation is highly age-dependent. Intriguingly, our previous studies that focused on children and young adult patients suggested that the clinical features of young patients were different from those studies enrolling mainly elderly patients. Whether age plays a role between young and elderly patients with ocular demodicosis remains unclear. Read More

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Study on relationship between bacterial diversity and quality of Huangjiu (Chinese Rice Wine) fermentation.

Food Sci Nutr 2021 Jul 4;9(7):3885-3892. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Shaoxing Jianhu Brewing Co., Ltd Shaoxing China.

Huangjiu (Chinese rice wine) is brewed in an open environment, where bacteria play an important role during the fermentation process. In this study, bacterial community structure and composition changes in the fermented mash liquid of mechanized Huangjiu, well-fermented manual Huangjiu (wines of good qualities), and poorly fermented manual Huangjiu (wines of poor qualities: spoilage, high acidity, low alcohol content) in different fermentation stages from Guyuelongshan Shaoxing Huangjiu company were analyzed via metagenomic sequencing. And bacterial metabolic difference was analyzed via gene prediction of metabolic pathway enzymes. Read More

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Intra- and inter-rater reliability for the measurement of the cross-sectional area of ankle tendons assessed by magnetic resonance imaging.

Acta Radiol 2021 Jul 11:2841851211003284. Epub 2021 Jul 11.

Graduate Program in Physical Education Sciences, University of Brasília (UnB), Brasília, Brazil.

Background: The cross-sectional area (CSA) records make an essential measurement for determining the mechanical properties of tendons, such as stress and strength. However, there is no consensus regarding the best method to record the CSA from different tendons.

Purpose: To determine intra- and inter-rater reliability for CSA measures from magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the following tendons: tibialis anterior; tibialis posterior; fibularis longus and brevis; and Achilles. Read More

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Changes in Corticospinal Circuits During Premovement Facilitation in Physiological Conditions.

Front Hum Neurosci 2021 21;15:684013. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Movement Disorders Division, Neurology Unit, Department of Neurosciences, Biomedicine and Movement Sciences, University of Verona, Verona, Italy.

Changes in corticospinal excitability have been well documented in the preparatory period before movement, however, their mechanisms and physiological role have not been entirely elucidated. We aimed to investigate the functional changes of excitatory corticospinal circuits during a reaction time (RT) motor task (thumb abduction) in healthy subjects (HS). 26 HS received single pulse transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) over the primary motor cortex (M1). Read More

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The beneficial effects of FZU0713-fermented on lipid metabolism and intestinal microbiota in hyperlipidemic rats fed with a high-fat diet.

Food Funct 2021 Jul 7. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

College of Food Science, Fujian Agriculture and Forestry University, Fuzhou 350002, P. R. China.

This study aimed to investigate the beneficial effects of the oral administration of Lactobacillus brevis FZU0713-fermented Laminaria japonica (FLJ) on lipid metabolism and intestinal microbiota in hyperlipidemic rats fed with a high-fat diet (HFD). The results demonstrated that the oral administration of FLJ significantly inhibited obesity and improved the serum and hepatic biochemical parameters in HFD-fed rats. Histopathological results also indicated that FLJ intervention could significantly reduce the accumulation of lipid droplets in the liver induced by HFD feeding. Read More

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Dynamic Ultrasound Examination for Asymptomatic/Bilateral Peroneus Brevis Muscle Hernias.

Am J Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Hacettepe University Medical School; Department of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine, Ankara, Turkey.

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Risk factors associated with atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability.

JSES Int 2021 Jul 9;5(4):827-833. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Background: Traumatic posterolateral rotatory instability after elbow dislocation or fracture dislocation has been well described. However, few reports cover atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability as a cause of lateral-sided elbow pain. We assessed the risk factors and epidemiology of atraumatic posterolateral rotatory instability in a case-control study. Read More

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Etiology Diagnosis and Management of Radial Nerve Entrapment.

Anesth Pain Med 2021 Feb 14;11(1):e112823. Epub 2021 Feb 14.

Louisiana State University Health Shreveport, Department of Anesthesiology, Shreveport, LA, USA.

Context: The anatomy of the radial nerve is prone to entrapment, each with different symptomology. Compression of entrapment of the radial nerve can occur near the radiocapitellar joint, the spiral groove, the arcade of Frohse, the tendon of the extensor carpi radialis brevis (ECRB), and at the radial tunnel. Those who require repetitive motions are at increased risk of peripheral neuropathy syndromes, including repetitive pronation and supination, trauma, or systemic disease; however, t the influence of all risk factors is not well understood. Read More

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February 2021

Palliative surgery for thumb involvement in ulnar paralysis.

Hand Surg Rehabil 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Service de chirurgie de la main et du membre supérieur, chirurgie des nerfs périphériques Hôpital Lapeyronie, CHU Montpellier, CHU Montpellier, Avenue du doyen Gaston Giraud, 34295 Montpellier cedex 5, France.

Ulnar paralysis has multiple clinical presentations, which are due to partial recovery or to anatomical variations between the ulnar and median nerves. The main sequelae of ulnar nerve paralysis are the loss of hand strength with impairment of all intrinsic functions of the fingers and some of the thumb's functions. Weakness of the adductor pollicis and flexor pollicis brevis muscles may manifest as weak key pinch with automatic flexion of the thumb interphalangeal joint when gripping. Read More

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Motor unit number estimation in adult patients with spinal muscular atrophy treated with nusinersen.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jul 3. Epub 2021 Jul 3.

Department of Neurology, University of Cologne, Cologne, Germany.

Background And Purpose: The aim was to assess the organization and short-term changes of motor units in adult patients with spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) treated with nusinersen.

Methods: In this single-centre cross-sectional and longitudinal study 15 adult patients with SMA type 3 were assessed and compared to 15 age-matched healthy controls and nine patients with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Moreover, 10 patients with SMA were followed up after 4-8 months. Read More

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Split anterior tibialis tendon transfer to peroneus brevis for spastic equinovarus in children with hemiplegia.

J Child Orthop 2021 Jun;15(3):279-290

Orthopaedic Department, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Australia.

Purpose: The aim of this study is to report the safety and eff-cacy of soft-tissue surgery incorporating split transfer of tibi-alis anterior to peroneus brevis (SPLATT-PB) for children with hemiplegic spastic equinovarus.

Methods: This was a retrospective case series of children and adolescents with spastic hemiplegia who had a novel combination of SPLATT-TB, intramuscular tenotomy of tibialis posterior and either spasticity management or gastrocsole-us lengthening as the index surgery. The principal outcome measures were changes in pain and difficulty with shoe wear and radiological parameters obtained from weight-bearing anteroposterior and lateral radiographs of the affected foot before and after surgery. Read More

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Enhanced Effect of Botulinum Toxin A Injections into the Extensor Digitorum Brevis Muscle after Local Mechanical Leg Vibration: A Case Report.

Toxins (Basel) 2021 06 15;13(6). Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Neurology, University of Düsseldorf, Moorenstrasse 5, D-40225 Düsseldorf, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to demonstrate an increase in muscle action potentials and an enhancement of the efficacy of botulinum toxin (BoNT) after mechanical leg vibration.

Methods: A 53-year-old healthy male volunteer underwent vibration ergometry training (VET) every morning and every evening for 10 min for 14 days. Compound muscle action potential (CMAP) of the right (R) and left (L) extensor digitorum brevis (EDB) muscle was analyzed by supramaximal peroneal nerve stimulation before and after VET 12 times during the 14 days. Read More

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Direct comparison of median and ulnar repetitive nerve stimulation in generalized myasthenia gravis.

Muscle Nerve 2021 Jul 1. Epub 2021 Jul 1.

Neuromuscular Center, Department of Neurology, Neurological Institute, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Introduction/aims: Ulnar nerve repetitive nerve stimulation (RNS) has been traditionally used in the electrophysiological evaluation of myasthenia gravis (MG). However, its low diagnostic sensitivity remains a limitation. Existing data may suggest that median nerve RNS outperforms that of the ulnar nerve, but a direct comparison is currently lacking. Read More

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Massive Survey on Bacterial-Bacteriophages Biodiversity and Quality of Natural Whey Starter Cultures in Trentingrana Cheese Production.

Front Microbiol 2021 14;12:678012. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Food Quality and Nutrition Department, Research and Innovation Centre, Fondazione Edmund Mach (FEM), San Michele all'Adige, Italy.

This study focused on the microbial and bacteriophages identification and characterization in cheese-production facilities that use natural whey starter (NWS) cultures for Trentingrana production. Bacterial and phage screening was carried out on cooked not acidified whey and NWS samples isolated from six dairy factories, for 4 consecutive days in four different months. By means of a combined approach, using plate counts, bacterial isolation, and metataxonomic analysis was found occurring as the dominant species in NWS cultures and as codominant in the cheese factories where the temperature of NWS production was mainly lower than 40°C, suggesting that the variability in the parameters of the NWS culture preparation could differently modulate the bacterial species in NWS cultures. Read More

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