Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021 Apr 25;42:22-31. Epub 2021 Feb 25.
Cancer Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Background & Aims: It is believed that diets high in glycemic index (GI), glycemic load (GL), Insulin index (II), and Insulin load (IL) are associated with the increased risks of certain cancers through increasing serum glucose or insulin levels.
Methods: We conducted this systematic review of cohort studies to evaluate the possible relation between GI, GL, II, and IL with diabetes-related cancers, including colorectal, bladder, breast, endometrium, liver, pancreas, and prostate cancers. Two separate investigators conducted a literature search through PubMed/Medline, Scopus, and Web of Science databases up to February 2020, plus reference lists of relevant articles. Read More