5,548 results match your criteria brassica napus


Membrane-Bound Transcriptional Activator NTL1 from Rapeseed Positively Modulates Leaf Senescence through Targeting Genes Involved in Reactive Oxygen Species Production and Programmed Cell Death.

J Agric Food Chem 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

State Key Laboratory of Crop Stress Biology for Arid Areas and, College of Life Sciences, Northwest A & F University, Yangling, Shaanxi 712100, China.

Leaf senescence is the last stage of leaf development and is determined by various environmental and endogenous signals. Leaf senescence can determine plant productivity and fitness. Transcription factors (TFs) with the transmembrane domain constitute a special group of regulatory proteins that can translocate from the membrane system into nuclei to exert the transcriptional function upon endogenous or exogenous stimuli. Read More

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Chlorophyll breakdown in senescent cotyledons of rape, Brassica napus L.: Enzymatic cleavage of phaeophorbide a in vitro.

New Phytol 1995 Feb;129(2):237-246

Institut für Pflanzenbiologie, Universität Zürich, Zollikerstrasse 107, CH-8008 Zürich, Switzerland.

Solubilization of senescent thylakoids from rape cotyledons in the presence of Triton X-100 was employed to establish an in vitro system that allowed the assessment of enzymatic conversion of phaeophorbide a into an uncoloured fluorescent chlorophyll catabolite, Bn-FCC-2. The action of the putative dioxygenase responsible for the cleavage of the porphyrin macrocycle depends on reduced ferredoxin as reductant. Apart from this thylakoidal catalyst, stromal protein is also required for the production of FCC-2 in vitro. Read More

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February 1995

Effects of low temperature on nitrate uptake, and xylem and phloem flows of nitrogen, in Secale cereale L. and Brassica napus L.

New Phytol 1994 Aug;127(4):675-683

Institut de Recherches en Biologie Appliquée, Laboratoire de Physiologie et Biochimie Végétales L. A. INRA, Esplanade de la Paix, Université, 14032 Caen Cedex, France.

The effect of low temperature on nitrate uptake and subsequent N translocation and cycling was investigated in Secale cereale L. and Brassica napus L. transferred to 7 °C for 9 d or kept at a warm temperature (20 °C). Read More

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The influence of medium components on secondary embryogenesis of winter oilseed rape, Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera (Metzg.) Sink.

Authors:
C S Loh G K Lim

New Phytol 1992 Jul;121(3):425-430

Tissue Culture Laboratory, Department of Botany, National University of Singapore, Kent Ridge, Singapore 0511, Republic of Singapore.

The secondary embryogenic potential of Brassica napus L. ssp. oleifera (Metzg. Read More

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Effects of simulated acid rain on leaf wettability, rain retention and uptake of some inorganic ions.

Authors:
K E Percy E A Baker

New Phytol 1988 Jan;108(1):75-82

Department of Agricultural Sciences, University of Bristol, AFRC Institute of Arable Crops Research, Long Ashton Research Station, Bristol, BS18 9AF, UK.

Leaves of Phaseolus vulgaris L., Vicia faba L., Pisum sativum L. Read More

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January 1988

THE EFFECT OF A PHYTOTOXIN FROM ALTERNARIA BRASSICICOLA ON BRASSICA POLLEN.

New Phytol 1986 Dec;104(4):631-636

Department of Botany, University of Cambridge, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK.

A methanol-soluble extract from the culture filtrate of Alternaria brassicicola (Schw.) Wilts., grey leaf spot, markedly inhibited pollen germination and pollen tube growth of Brassica napus L. Read More

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December 1986

TOWARDS THE SELECTION IN VITRO FOR RESISTANCE TO ALTERNARIA BRASSICICOLA (SCHW.) WILTS., IN BRASSICA NAPUS SSP. OLEIFERA (METZG.) SINSK., WINTER OILSEED RAPE.

New Phytol 1986 Dec;104(4):621-629

The Botany School, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge CB2 3EA, UK.

Culture filtrates of Alternaria brassicicola (Schw.) Wilts, were found to be toxic to secondary embryoids of Brassica napus ssp. oleifera (Metzg. Read More

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December 1986

Apoptosis-like cell death of Brassica napus leaf protoplasts.

New Phytol 2002 Dec;156(3):417-426

Laboratory of Plant Nutrition.

•   The cleavage of nuclear DNA into oligonucleosomal fragments that is the hallmark of apoptosis in animal cells occurs during the culture of Brassica napus leaf protoplasts. •   The changes in nuclei of cultured Brassica napus leaf protoplasts were studied by propidium iodide (PI) and 4', 6-diamino-2-phenylindole, dihydrochloride (DAPI) staining, transmission electron microscopy, flow cytometry analysis, and DNA laddering staining with ethidium bromide and Southern hybridization. •   Free 3'-OH termini of nuclear DNA fragments were labelled with DIG-dUTP, catalyzed by terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT), and used as probes for Southern hybridization. Read More

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December 2002

Early modifications of Brassica napus root system architecture induced by a plant growth-promoting Phyllobacterium strain.

New Phytol 2003 Oct;160(1):119-125

Laboratoire des Symbioses Tropicales et Méditerranéennes, INRA, IRD, CIRAD, AGRO-M, UM2, Campus de Baillarguet, TA 10/J, F-34398 Montpellier Cedex 5 France.

•  Plant growth-promoting bacteria (PGPB) have been reported to stimulate root morphogenesis. To improve our knowledge of the PGPB effect, the early modifications of Brassica napus root system architecture induced by the PGPB Phyllobacterium sp. (29-15) were analysed. Read More

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October 2003

Plant influence on rhizosphere hydraulic properties: direct measurements using a miniaturized infiltrometer.

New Phytol 2003 Mar;157(3):597-603

Plant-Soil Interface Programme, Scottish Crop Research Institute, Invergowrie, Dundee DD2 5DA, UK.

•   An infiltrometer device, 0.4 mm in radius was designed specifically to measure the hydraulic characteristics of rhizosphere soil. Its testing and application to the rhizosphere of four plant species-barley (Hordeum vulgare), oil-seed rape (Brassica napus), potato (Solanum tuberosum) and grass (Lolium multiflorum) - was described. Read More

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Optimising glyphosate tolerance in rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) by CRISPR/Cas9-based geminiviral donor DNA replicon system with Csy4-based single-guide RNA processing.

J Exp Bot 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, China.

Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) is an important oil crop worldwide, and effective weed control can protect its yields and quality. Farmers can benefit from tolerant cultivars when using herbicides, such as glyphosate. Read More

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Processed animal manure improves morpho-physiological and biochemical characteristics of Brassica napus L. under nickel and salinity stress.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Hainan Key Laboratory for Sustainable Utilization of Tropical Bioresource, College of Tropical Crops, Hainan University, Haikou, 570228, Hainan, China.

Soil contamination with readily soluble salts and heavy metals is a major challenge concerning sustainable crop production. The use of organic wastes in agriculture not only helps in waste reduction but also acts as a soil conditioner and bio-stimulant for enhancing crop growth. In this regard, a pot experiment was conducted to investigate the effect of raw and processed animal manure (AM) on the growth, yield, and physicochemical parameters of Brassica napus L. Read More

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Influence of foliar glutathione and putrescine on metabolism and mineral status of genetically diverse rapeseed cultivars under hexavalent chromium stress.

Environ Sci Pollut Res Int 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Botany, Government College University Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan.

We studied the physio-biochemical involvement of exogenous signaling compounds, glutathione and putrescine (alone and in combination), on three contrasting genotypes (cvs. Shiralee, Rainbow, and Dunkled) of canola (Brassica napus L.) of plants exposed to chromium stress. Read More

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Systematic analysis of JmjC gene family and stress--response expression of KDM5 subfamily genes in .

PeerJ 2021 31;9:e11137. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Key Laboratory of Crop Epigenetic Regulation and Development, Hunan Province, Changsha, China.

Background: Jumonji C (JmjC) proteins exert critical roles in plant development and stress response through the removal of lysine methylation from histones. which originated from spontaneous hybridization by and , is the most important oilseed crop after soybean. In JmjC proteins of species, the structure and function and its relationship with the parents and model plant remain uncharacterized. Read More

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Antifungal potential against Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary and plant growth promoting abilities of Bacillus isolates from canola (Brassica napus L.) roots.

Microbiol Res 2021 Apr 2;248:126754. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Departamento de Genética, Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul (UFRGS), Av. Bento Gonçalves, 9500, Caixa Postal 15.053, 91501-970, Porto Alegre, RS, Brazil. Electronic address:

Endophytic bacteria show important abilities in promoting plant growth and suppressing phytopathogens, being largely explored in agriculture as biofertilizers or biocontrol agents. Bacteria from canola roots were isolated and screened for different plant growth promotion (PGP) traits and biocontrol of Sclerotinia sclerotiorum. Thirty isolates belonging to Bacillus, Paenibacillus, Lysinibacillus, and Microbacterium genera were obtained. Read More

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Individual Rather Than Simultaneous Priming with Glutathione and Putrescine Reduces Chromium Cr Toxicity in Contrasting Canola (Brassica napus L.) Cultivars.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan.

The chromium (Cr) toxicity mechanisms have not been fully revealed yet in plants mainly due to its complex electronic chemistry. Both putrescine (PUT) and glutathione (GSH) are reported to be involved in plethora of plant cellular processes. Therefore, we hypothesized that exogenous individual or co-application of PUT and GSH could alleviate the Cr stress in genetically diverse canola cultivars. Read More

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Mapping of a major QTL controlling plant height using a high-density genetic map and QTL-seq methods based on whole-genome resequencing in Brassica napus.

G3 (Bethesda) 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Oil Crops Research Institute of the Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences/The Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Oil Crops, The Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, Wuhan 430062, P. R. China.

Plant height is a crucial element related to plant architecture that influences the seed yield of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.). In this study, we isolated a natural B. Read More

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Mapping of seed quality traits in the C genome of Brassica napus by using a population carrying genome content of B. oleracea and their effect on other traits.

Plant Genome 2021 Apr 5:e20078. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

Department of Agricultural, Food and Nutritional Science, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, T6G 2P5, Canada.

Increasing seed oil and protein contents and reducing the content of seed glucosinolates (GSLs) in Brassica oilseed crops are important objectives in breeding. By using an oilseed rape (B. napus L. Read More

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In-field screening for host plant resistance to and within selected rapeseed cultivars and new interspecific hybrids.

Open Life Sci 2020 22;15(1):711-720. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Institute of Plant Protection - National Research Institute, Władysława Węgorka 20, 60-318, Poznań, Poland.

Rapeseed () can be attacked by a wide range of pests, for example, cabbage root fly () and cabbage aphid (). One of the best methods of pest management is breeding for insect resistance in rapeseed. Wild genotypes of and rapeseed cultivars can be used as a source of resistance. Read More

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September 2020

Exogenous 3,3'-Diindolylmethane Improves Vanadium Stress Tolerance in Seedling Shoots by Modulating Antioxidant Enzyme Activities.

Biomolecules 2021 Mar 16;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Environmental Biotechnology Laboratory, Department of Biotechnology, University of the Western Cape, Bellville 7535, South Africa.

3,3'-diindolylmethane (DIM) belongs to a family of indole glucosinolate compounds that have been shown to improve growth through the modulation of reactive oxygen species when applied exogenously. The cultivar AV Garnet was previously identified as a vanadium-sensitive cultivar. Therefore, in this study we investigated whether exogenous DIM could improve the vanadium tolerance of AV Garnet. Read More

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Drought Intensity-Responsive Salicylic Acid and Abscisic Acid Crosstalk with the Sugar Signaling and Metabolic Pathway in .

Plants (Basel) 2021 Mar 23;10(3). Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Department of Animal Science, Institute of Agricultural Science and Technology, College of Agriculture & Life Science, Chonnam National University, Gwangju 61186, Korea.

The aim of this study was to characterize hormonal crosstalk with the sugar signaling and metabolic pathway based on a time course analysis of drought intensity. Drought intensity-responsive changes in the assimilation of newly fixed carbon (C) into soluble sugar, the content of sugar and starch, and expression of genes involved in carbohydrate metabolism were interpreted as being linked to endogenous abscisic acid (ABA) and salicylic acid (SA) levels and their signaling genes. The ABA and SA levels in the drought-stressed leaves increased together during the early drought period (days 0-6), and additional ABA accumulation occurred with depressed SA during the late period (days 6-14). Read More

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Selected Properties of Formaldehyde-Free Polymer-Straw Boards Made from Different Types of Thermoplastics and Different Kinds of Straw.

Materials (Basel) 2021 Mar 4;14(5). Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Department of Wood-Based Composites, Cellulose, and Paper, Ukrainian National Forestry University, 79057 Lviv, Ukraine.

This research investigated the effects of different thermoplastics types and different kinds of straw on selected properties of polymer-straw boards. Polyethylene, polyethylene, and polystyrene of virgin and of recycled origin were used for bonding the boards. Three kinds of straw were used: rape ( L. Read More

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Selenium Alleviates the Adverse Effect of Drought in Oilseed Crops Camelina ( L.) and Canola ( L.).

Molecules 2021 Mar 18;26(6). Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Agronomy, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Kafrelsheikh, Kafr El-Sheikh 33516, Egypt.

Drought poses a serious threat to oilseed crops by lowering yield and crop failures under prolonged spells. A multi-year field investigation was conducted to enhance the drought tolerance in four genotypes of Camelina and canola by selenium (Se) application. The principal aim of the research was to optimize the crop yield by eliciting the physio-biochemical attributes by alleviating the adverse effects of drought stress. Read More

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Acylation of nonspecific phospholipase C4 determines its function in plant response to phosphate deficiency.

Plant J 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

National Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, 430070, China.

Nonspecific phospholipase C (NPC) is involved in plant growth, development and stress responses. To elucidate the mechanism by which NPCs mediate cellular functions, here we show that NPC4 is S-acylated at the C-terminus and the acylation determines its plasma membrane (PM) association and function. The acylation of NPC4 was detected using NPC4 isolated from Arabidopsis and reconstituted in vitro. Read More

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Genome-wide analysis of long noncoding RNAs, 24-nt siRNAs, DNA methylation and H3K27me3 marks in Brassica rapa.

PLoS One 2021 31;16(3):e0242530. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Institute of Scientific and Industrial Research, Osaka University, Mihogaoka, Ibaraki-city, Osaka, Japan.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are RNA fragments that generally do not code for a protein but are involved in epigenetic gene regulation. In this study, lncRNAs of Brassica rapa were classified into long intergenic noncoding RNAs, natural antisense RNAs, and intronic noncoding RNAs and their expression analyzed in relation to genome-wide 24-nt small interfering RNAs (siRNAs), DNA methylation, and histone H3 lysine 27 trimethylation marks (H3K27me3). More than 65% of the lncRNAs analyzed consisted of one exon, and more than 55% overlapped with inverted repeat regions (IRRs). Read More

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Expression of a Bacterial Trehalose-6-phosphate Synthase otsA Increases Oil Accumulation in Plant Seeds and Vegetative Tissues.

Front Plant Sci 2021 10;12:656962. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Department of Biology, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY, United States.

We previously demonstrated that exogenous trehalose 6-phosphate (T6P) treatment stabilized WRINKLED1 (WRI1), a master transcriptional regulator of fatty acid (FA) synthesis and increased total FA content in () embryo suspension cell culture. Here, we explore lines heterologously expressing the T6P synthase (otsA) or T6P phosphatase (otsB) to refine our understanding regarding the role of T6P in regulating fatty acid synthesis both in seeds and vegetative tissues. 35S: transgenic seeds showed an increase of 13% in fatty acid content compared to those of wild type (WT), while seeds of 35: transgenic seeds showed a reduction of 12% in fatty acid content compared to WT. Read More

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L2,1-norm regularized multivariate regression model with applications to genomic prediction.

Bioinformatics 2021 Mar 28. Epub 2021 Mar 28.

Systems Biology and Mathematical Modeling Group, Max Planck Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany.

Motivation: Genomic selection (GS) is currently deemed the most effective approach to speed up breeding of agricultural varieties. It has been recognized that consideration of multiple traits in GS can improve accuracy of prediction for traits of low heritability. However, since GS forgoes statistical testing with the idea of improving predictions, it does not facilitate mechanistic understanding of the contribution of particular single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP). Read More

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Mitigation of yield-scaled nitrous oxide emissions and global warming potential in an oilseed rape crop through N source management.

J Environ Manage 2021 Mar 24;288:112304. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Departamento de Química y Tecnología de Alimentos, ETSI Agronómica, Alimentaria y de Biosistemas, Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Spain; Centro de Estudios e Investigación para la Gestión de Riesgos Agrarios y Medioambientales (CEIGRAM), Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM), Madrid, Spain.

Enhanced-efficiency nitrogen (N) fertilizers, such as those containing nitrification or urease inhibitors, can mitigate the carbon (C) footprint linked to the production of bioenergy crops through a reduction in direct nitrous oxide (NO) emissions and indirect NO losses. These indirect emissions are derived from ammonia (NH) volatilization, which also have important environmental and health implications. The evaluation of the global warming potential (GWP) of different N sources using site-specific data of yield and direct and indirect emissions is needed for oilseed rape under rainfed semi-arid conditions, especially when meteorological variability is taken into account. Read More

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Complete chloroplast genome sequence and phylogenetic analysis of winter oil rapeseed ( L.).

Mitochondrial DNA B Resour 2021 Mar 11;6(3):723-731. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

College of Agronomy, Gansu Agricultural University/Rapeseed Engineering Research Center of Gansu Province, Lanzhou, China.

Winter oil rapeseed '18 R-1' ( L.) is a new variety that can survive in northern China where the extreme low temperature is -20 °C to -32 °C. It is different from traditional and . Read More

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