652 results match your criteria boy shiraz


The effect of educational intervention based on health belief model and social support on testicular self-examination in sample of Iranian men.

BMC Cancer 2021 Jun 10;21(1):685. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Departement of Public Health, School of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, 7153675541, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Testicular Self-Examination (TSE) causes earlier diagnosis of Testicular cancer (TC). Hence, all men aged between15 to 35 years should perform TSE every month. This study aims to survey the effect of educational intervention based on health belief model and social support on testicular self-examination in men aged between 15 to 35 years of Fasa City, Fars province, Iran. Read More

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Prevalence of COVID-19 in Iran: results of the first survey of the Iranian COVID-19 Serological Surveillance program.

Clin Microbiol Infect 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Osteoporosis Research Center, Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinical Sciences Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Objectives: This study aims to estimate the prevalence of COVID-19 in the general population of Iran.

Methods: The target population was all Iranian people aged six years and older in the country. A stratified random sampling design was used to select 28,314 subjects from among the individuals registered in the electronic health record systems used in primary health care in Iran. Read More

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Lipid profile dysregulation in opium users based on Fasa PERSIAN cohort study results.

Sci Rep 2021 Jun 8;11(1):12058. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Noncommunicable Diseases Research Center, Fasa University of Medical Sciences, Fasa, Iran.

One of the main health problems in many societies is the increased opium abuse, which was found to be correlated with many problems like cardiovascular disease. This study aimed to evaluate the correlation of opium use with blood lipoproteins as the risk factor of CVD. This was a cross-sectional study conducted on participants of the first phase of the PERSIAN Cohort study who were aged between 35 and 70 years old. Read More

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The association between estrogen receptor 2 gene polymorphism and complexity of coronary artery disease: an analysis in elective percutaneous coronary intervention patients.

BMC Cardiovasc Disord 2021 Jun 4;21(1):275. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: One of the most common causes of death in the world is coronary artery disease (CAD). Estrogen, the most important early sex hormones in women, plays an important role in the risk reduction of cardiovascular disease (CVD). Expression of estrogen as well as its receptors including estrogen receptor alpha (ER1) and estrogen receptor beta (ER2) might have an association with the severity or the complexity of CAD. Read More

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The association between meat and fish consumption and bladder cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 11 cohort studies.

Eur J Epidemiol 2021 May 25. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Complex Genetics and Epidemiology, School of Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University, Universiteitssingel40 (RoomC5.570), 6229 ER, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Evidence on the effects of meat consumption from different sources on the risk of bladder cancer (BC) is limited and controversial. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the associations between meat consumption and BC risk using a pooled data approach. Individual data from 11 prospective cohorts comprising 2848 BC cases and 515,697 non-cases with a total of 5,498,025 person-years of follow-up was pooled and analysed to investigate the potential associations between total red meat and products, red meat, processed meat, poultry and total fish and BC risk. Read More

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Differentiation of Chest CT Findings Between Influenza Pneumonia and COVID-19: Interobserver Agreement Between Radiologists.

Acad Radiol 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Student Research Committee, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: To investigate the chest CT and clinical characteristics of COVID-19 pneumonia and H1N1 influenza, and explore the radiologist diagnosis differences between COVID-19 and influenza.

Materials And Methods: This cross-sectional study included a total of 43 COVID-19-confirmed patients (24 men and 19 women, 49.90 ± 18. Read More

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Posttraumatic bronchobiliary fistulae due to foreign body remnants after  a road traffic injury: a case report.

J Med Case Rep 2021 May 22;15(1):291. Epub 2021 May 22.

Colorectal Research Center, Department of Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Zand Avenue, P.O. Box 71345-1744, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Bronchobiliary fistula is an extremely rare disease that involves abnormal communication between a hepatic segment and bronchial tree. It is mostly caused by untreated hydatid cyst, liver abscess, iatrogenic stenosis, and, rarely, trauma.

Case Presentation: We experienced an extremely rare case of bronchobiliary fistula after motor vehicle accident. Read More

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Is COVID-19 a risk factor for progression of benign prostatic hyperplasia and exacerbation of its related symptoms?: a systematic review.

Prostate Cancer Prostatic Dis 2021 May 18. Epub 2021 May 18.

Shiraz Nephro-Urology Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: To explore the potential mechanisms of SARS-CoV-2 in targeting the prostate gland, leading to exacerbation of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) symptoms and greater risks of BPH complications such as acute urinary retention.

Methods: A categorized and comprehensive search in the literature has been conducted by 10 April 2021 using international databases including PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Scopus, and Cochrane Library in line with the PRISMA guidelines recommendations. PICO strategy was used to formulate the research question. Read More

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An overview of the comparison of inhalation aromatherapy on emotional distress of female and male patients in preoperative period.

J Complement Integr Med 2021 May 13. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Midwifery, Maternal-Fetal Medicine Research Center, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Objectives: Many patients experience anxiety and stress before surgery. Anxiety is also different in men and women so that the prevalence of anxiety disorders in women is higher than men. The present study aimed to compare the effect of inhalation aromatherapy on emotional distress of men and women before surgery. Read More

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The effect of a short-term physical activity after meals on gastrointestinal symptoms in individuals with functional abdominal bloating: a randomized clinical trial.

Gastroenterol Hepatol Bed Bench 2021 ;14(1):59-66

Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Aim: The present study aims to compare the effect of a short duration postprandial walking and prokinetic medications on bloating reported by healthy individuals.

Background: Abdominal bloating imposes significant clinical, social and economic burden on the healthcare systems; however, treatment of bloating is limited and not effective in all individuals with this symptom. Prokinetic agents are recommended in the treatment of bloating in individuals without underlying disorders traditionally. Read More

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January 2021

Correlation between craniovertebral angle in the sagittal plane and angles and indices measured in the frontal plane at the moment of inducing forward head posture.

Work 2021 ;68(4):1221-1227

Rehabilitation Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Forward head posture (FHP) is the most common malposition in the head and neck area. With the growing use of digital devices, the prevalence of FHP may be expected to increase dramatically. Thus far, FHP has been evaluated only in the sagittal plane. Read More

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January 2021

Gender difference in determinant factors of being overweight among the 40-70-year-old population of Kharameh cohort study, Iran.

BMC Public Health 2021 04 17;21(1):746. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Iranians face being overweight as one of the most common health problems, which is more prevalent among women. This study aimed to identify gender differences in determinants of being overweight in 40- to 70-year-old participants from Kharameh, Iran.

Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted during 2015-2016. Read More

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The Role of Mitochondrial Impairment and Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Lithium-Induced Reproductive Toxicity in Male Mice.

Front Vet Sci 2021 24;8:603262. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Lithium (Li) is prescribed against a wide range of neurological disorders. Besides its excellent therapeutic properties, there are several adverse effects associated with Li. The impact of Li on renal function and diabetes insipidus is the most common adverse effect of this drug. Read More

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Generalized exfoliative skin rash as an early predictor of supratherapeutic voriconazole trough levels in a leukemic child: A case report.

Curr Med Mycol 2020 Sep;6(3):73-78

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmacy, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background And Purpose: Skin rashes, mostly seen in children and adolescents, are considered among the most common side effects of azole antifungals. Although therapeutic concentrations of voriconazole (VCZ) have been documented for infected skin, there is no evidence specifying whether specific dermatologic side effects could predict high VCZ serum concentration, especially in high-risk leukemic children.

Case Report: Herein, we report a unique skin side effect of VCZ in a 5-year-old boy with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) referred to Amir Medical Oncology Center in Shiraz, Iran. Read More

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September 2020

Incidence of metabolic syndrome and determinants of its progression in Southern Iran: A 5-year longitudinal follow-up study.

J Res Med Sci 2020 26;25:103. Epub 2020 Nov 26.

Department of Internal Medicine, Gastroenterologist, Shiraz Health Policy Research Center, Institute of Health, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of conditions increasing the risk of serious diseases. This study aimed to define the predictors of MetS incident in a community-based cohort in Southern Iran, during a mean follow-up period of 5.1 years. Read More

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November 2020

The Impact of Smoking on Clinical Outcomes after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in Women Compared to Men.

J Interv Cardiol 2021 16;2021:6619503. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Cardiovascular Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: For decades, cardiovascular diseases (CVD) have been known as men's disease. However, recent research studies showed that they have become more common in women. Smoking is a strong risk factor for CVD especially that of coronary artery disease (CAD). Read More

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Crystallographic modeling of the PNPT1:c.1453A>G variant as a cause of mitochondrial dysfunction and autosomal recessive deafness; expanding the neuroimaging and clinical features.

Mitochondrion 2021 Apr 1;59:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Deficiency of the proteins involved in oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) can lead to mitochondrial dysfunction. Polyribonucleotide nucleotidyltransferase 1 (PNPT1) is one of the genes involved in the OXPHOS and encodes the mitochondrial polynucleotide phosphorylase (PNPase) which is implicated in RNA-processing exoribonuclease activity. Herein, we report a 34-month-old boy who presented with global developmental delay, muscular hypotonia, hearing impairment, and movement disorders including chorea and dystonia. Read More

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The effect of atorvastatin on inflammatory markers in sulfur mustard gas induced bronchitis: a randomized double-blinded, placebo-control clinical trial.

BMC Pulm Med 2021 Apr 1;21(1):112. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, School of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: This study was performed to evaluate the anti-inflammatory effect of atorvastatin in patients with chronic bronchitis, exposed to sulfur mustard gas.

Methods: In this randomized double-blinded clinical trial we recruited patients with chronic bronchitis after exposure to sulfur mustard gas. Ninety men 45-75 years old diagnosed with chronic bronchitis after exposure to mustard gas during the Iran-Iraq war, were randomly assigned to receive either atorvastatin (40 mg) or placebo once a day for 3 months. Read More

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Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm of the pancreas: Cytomorphology, imaging, molecular profile, and prognosis.

Cytopathology 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Division of Cytopathology, Department of Pathology, The Johns-Hopkins Hospital, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Background: Intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) constitutes up to 20% of all pancreatic resections, and has been increasing in recent years. Histomorphological findings of IPMN are well established; however, there are not many published papers regarding the cytological findings of IPMN on fine needle aspiration (FNA) specimens. We review the cytomorphological features, molecular profile, imaging findings, and prognosis of IPMN. Read More

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Rapid Growth of Hydatid Cyst: A Pediatric Case Report.

Iran J Parasitol 2021 Jan-Mar;16(1):164-167

Department of General Surgery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Hydatid disease is a parasitic infection caused by with worldwide distribution. The most affected organs are liver and lungs, but it can be detected in any other organs as well. We reported a 5-yr-old boy from Shiraz, southern Iran in 2017 who presented with abdominal discomfort. Read More

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Efficacy and safety of Levamisole treatment in clinical presentations of non-hospitalized patients with COVID-19: a double-blind, randomized, controlled trial.

BMC Infect Dis 2021 Mar 24;21(1):297. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Clinical Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences Research Center, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran.

Background: Levamisole has shown clinical benefits in the management of COVID-19 via its immunomodulatory effect. However, the exact role of Levamisole effect in clinical status of COVID-19 patients is unknown. We aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Levamisole on clinical status of patients with COVID-19 during their course of the disease. Read More

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Dynamic behavior of metabolic syndrome progression: a comprehensive systematic review on recent discoveries.

BMC Endocr Disord 2021 Mar 22;21(1):54. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Colorectal research center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: The assessment of the natural history of metabolic syndrome (MetS) has an important role in clarifying the pathways of this disorder.

Objective: This study purposed to provide a rational statistical view of MetS progression pathway.

Methods: We performed a systematic review in accordance with the PRISMA Statement until September 2019 in the Medline/PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Web of Science and Google Scholar databases. Read More

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Prevalence of retinal changes in patients with systemic sclerosis: the association between retinal vascular changes and nailfold capillaroscopic findings.

Reumatologia 2021 28;59(1):27-34. Epub 2021 Feb 28.

Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Namazee Hospital, Shiraz, Iran.

Background: Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a connective tissue disease affecting the skin and multiple organs. Most of the evidence on ocular involvement comes from small studies. We evaluated the retinal vascular changes in patients with SSc and its associations with types, disease duration, skin score, and nailfold capillaroscopy changes. Read More

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February 2021

Parental divorce and offspring smoking and alcohol use: a systematic review and meta-analysis of observational studies.

J Addict Dis 2021 Jul-Sep;39(3):388-416. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: This study was conducted to investigate the relationship between parental divorce and smoking and alcohol consumption in offspring, which is based on a systematic review method and ultimately meta-analysis. In a systematic search, three databases were selected. The manuscripts were searched based on the keywords and the time limit for the search was published manuscripts in English until November 2020. Read More

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Isolated Giant Primary Splenic Hydatid Cyst in a 10-Year-Old Boy: A Case Report.

Pediatric Health Med Ther 2021 17;12:55-59. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Pathology, Faculty of Medicine, Taiz University of Medical Science, Taiz, Yemen.

Hydatid cyst (HD) disease is a parasitic infection produced by cysts containing the larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus. It occurs worldwide, but its prevalence is higher in the rural communities of some developing countries like Yemen, where sheep and cattle raising constitute a crucial component of the agricultural industry. This zoonotic disease spreads due to close contact humans with sheep and dogs. Read More

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February 2021

Comparison of Blood and Tissue Eosinophil Count and Blood IgE in Patients with Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyps.

J Immunol Res 2021 10;2021:6680676. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Shiraz University of Medical Science (SUMS), Iran.

Background: The inflammatory mucosa of the sinus cavities is called sinusitis and is divided into various types based on its appearance and sign. Chronic rhinosinusitis is an inflammatory-infectious disease that involves the frontal, sphenoid, ethmoid, and maxillary sinuses. Chronic sinusitis is a multifactorial disease and the range of causes varies from environmental factors to genetic factors. Read More

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February 2021

Household Overcrowding in Iran, a Low-middle-income Country: How Major of a Public Health Concern Is It?

J Prev Med Public Health 2021 Jan 11;54(1):73-80. Epub 2021 Jan 11.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran.

Objectives: Household overcrowding (HC) can contribute to both physical and mental disorders among the members of overcrowded households. This study aimed to measure the status of HC and its main determinants across the provinces of Iran.

Methods: Data from 39 864 households from the 2016 Iranian Household Income and Expenditures Survey were used in this study. Read More

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January 2021

Trends in the management of hidradenitis suppurativa in the Middle East region: a systematic review.

Int J Dermatol 2020 Dec 8. Epub 2020 Dec 8.

Department of Surgery, Division of Plastic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, 02115, USA.

Background: Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic, painful, and severely debilitating inflammatory disease that affects apocrine gland-bearing skin. There is no universal consensus on the management of hidradenitis suppurativa (HS). Current available guidelines are from western countries, which may be of limited use in other parts of the world. Read More

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December 2020

Motivations to exercise in young men following a residential weight loss programme conducted in National Service - a mixed methods study.

BMC Public Health 2021 02 17;21(1):370. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, 12 Science Drive 2, #10-01, Singapore, 117549, Republic of Singapore.

Background: Physical activity is a critical component of lifestyle interventions to reduce body weight and maintain weight loss. The goal of this study was to examine the motivations to exercise in young men following a 5-month residential weight loss programme conducted in the Singapore military as part of National Service.

Methods: We conducted a sequential mixed methods study starting with three focus groups comprising 21 programme instructors. Read More

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February 2021

Effects of 8 Weeks of Balance Training, Virtual Reality Training, and Combined Exercise on Lower Limb Muscle Strength, Balance, and Functional Mobility Among Older Men: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Sports Health 2021 Feb 13:1941738120986803. Epub 2021 Feb 13.

Centre for Sports and Exercise Sciences, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Background: Poor muscle strength, balance, and functional mobility have predicted falls in older adults. Fall prevention guidelines recommend highly challenging balance training modes to decrease falls; however, it is unclear whether certain modes are more effective. The purpose of this study was to determine whether traditional balance training (BT), virtual reality balance training (VR), or combined exercise (MIX) relative to a waitlist control group (CON) would provoke greater improvements in strength, balance, and functional mobility as falls risk factor proxies for falls in older men. Read More

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February 2021