720 results match your criteria booster sessions

Acceptance and commitment therapy for high frequency episodic migraine without aura: Findings from a randomized pilot investigation.

Headache 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

UO Neurologia Salute Pubblica e Disabilità, Fondazione IRRCS Istituto Neurologico Carlo Besta, Milano, Italy.

Objective: We compared the incremental effects of adding acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT) to pharmacological treatment as usual (TAU) in a sample of patients with high frequency episodic migraine without aura (HFEM), assessing impact on a spectrum of measures across multiple domains.

Background: Patients with HFEM are at risk of developing chronic migraine and medication overuse headache. ACT has been shown to be effective for the treatment of various chronic pain conditions, but little attention has been given to its therapeutic value in the management of recurring headaches. Read More

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Motivational interviewing with community-dwelling older adults after hip fracture (MIHip): protocol for a randomised controlled trial.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 9;11(6):e047970. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

La Trobe University College of Science Health and Engineering, Bundoora, Victoria, Australia.

Introduction: Community-dwelling people recovering from hip fracture have the physical capacity to walk in their community but lack the confidence to do so. The primary aim of this trial is to determine whether motivational interviewing increases time spent walking at 12 months in community-dwelling people after hip fracture compared with an attention placebo control group. Secondary aims are to evaluate cost effectiveness, patient and health service outcomes and to complete a process evaluation. Read More

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Building family caregiver skills using a simulation-based intervention for care of patients with cancer: protocol for a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Nurs 2021 Jun 9;20(1):93. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Frances Payne Bolton School of Nursing, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA.

Background: Family caregivers of patients with cancer undergoing radiation therapy experience significant distress and challenges related to high symptom burden and complex care demands. This is particularly true for caregivers of patients with head and neck, esophageal, anal, rectal, and lung cancers, who are often receiving combined-modality treatment and may have tracheostomy tubes, gastrostomy tubes, or colostomies/ileostomies. This study aims to evaluate a simulation-based nursing intervention to provide information, support, and training to caregivers during radiation therapy. Read More

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Recognition of Depression and Help-Seeking Preference Among University Students in Singapore: An Evaluation of the Impact of Advancing Research to Eliminate Mental Illness Stigma an Education and Contact Intervention.

Front Psychiatry 2021 12;12:582730. Epub 2021 May 12.

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore, Singapore.

The SMHS 2016 revealed that young adults in Singapore had the highest 12-month prevalence of mental disorders, with depression being the most prevalent condition. Additionally, the study found that those with higher education were less likely to seek treatment. The recognition of mental illness and knowledge of where to seek help has been found to influence one's ability to seek timely psychological help. Read More

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Developing a children's health risk behaviour prevention program targeting grade 4-7 learners in the western cape, South Africa: a study protocol.

BMC Public Health 2021 05 30;21(1):1021. Epub 2021 May 30.

Department of Physiotherapy, School of Health Sciences, College of Health Sciences, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Westville Campus, University Drive, Durban, 4001, South Africa.

Background: Health risk behaviour among South African youth is a significant public health concern. Despite a societal mind shift to educating the public on the prevention of health risk behaviour, behavioural change is not progressing at the rate needed to influence health risk behaviour positively. The project aims to explore behavioural trends and willingness to engage in risky behaviour among senior primary school children. Read More

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ACT-enhanced group behavior therapy for trichotillomania and skin-picking disorder: A feasibility study.

J Clin Psychol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet, and Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Sweden.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and efficacy of ACT-enhanced Group Behavior Therapy (AEGBT) for mixed diagnosis groups including patients with trichotillomania (TTM) and skin-picking disorder (SPD) in routine psychiatric care.

Method: Adult patients (N = 40) with TTM and/or SPD received 10 weeks of AEGBT followed by five booster sessions. The primary outcome measure for TTM was the Massachusetts General Hospital Hairpulling Scale (MGH-HPS) and for SPD the Skin Picking Scale-Revised (SPS-R), assessed at posttreatment and at booster sessions. Read More

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Sustained resiliency building and burnout reduction for healthcare professionals via organizational sponsored mindfulness programming.

Explore (NY) 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Division of Health Behavior and Health Promotion, College of Public Health, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States.

Purpose: To measure healthcare professional (HCP) result sustainability following implementation of an organizationally sponsored Mindfulness Based Intervention (MBI), Mindfulness in Motion (MIM), in areas of burnout, perceived stress, resilience, and work engagement.

Methods: A follow-up survey was sent via email to healthcare professionals (n = 220) who previously participated in the 8-week MIM intervention. Survey assessed burnout, perceived stress, resilience, work engagement, and included open-ended questions pertaining to barriers, facilitators, and sustained impact of practicing mindfulness after program end. Read More

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"Less stress": a pilot study on a cognitive behavioral treatment program for anxiety in children with autism spectrum disorders.

Scand J Child Adolesc Psychiatr Psychol 2021 25;9:30-40. Epub 2021 Apr 25.

Stavanger University Hospital, Division of Psychiatry, Stavanger, Norway.

Background: Comorbid anxiety disorders are prevalent in children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD), but only a minority receives adequate treatment for anxiety. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been shown to be effective in treating anxiety disorders. The objectives of the present pilot study were to test the feasibility of the CBT program "Less stress" for comorbid anxiety disorders in children with ASD and explore whether an improvement in diagnostic outcomes for anxiety disorders and symptoms of anxiety was found after treatment. Read More

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Cognitive reappraisal and self-compassion as emotion regulation strategies for parents during COVID-19: An online randomized controlled trial.

Internet Interv 2021 Apr 6;24:100388. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Psychotherapy, University Medical Center of the Johannes Gutenberg University Mainz, Langenbeckstraße 1, 55131 Mainz, Germany.

Objective: Parenting during pandemic restrictions places extreme demands on everyday family life, leading to increased stress levels for parents and distressed parent-child interactions. This RCT aimed to investigate whether cognitive reappraisal and self-compassion are helpful emotion regulation (ER) strategies to reduce individual and parental stress during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: An online intervention for parents was developed focusing on the application of ER strategies to pandemic requirements of families. Read More

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Primary Disease Prevention for Southwest American Indian Families During the COVID-19 Pandemic: Camp in a Box.

Front Sociol 2021 9;6:611972. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Department of Family and Community Medicine, College of Medicine, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, United States.

The goal of the American Indian Youth Wellness Camp in a Box was to engage, educate and empower families to improve their health and overall well-being during the COVID-19 pandemic. Camp in a Box was a 9-week program, inclusive of a 1-week intensive camp component followed by an 8-week booster component with content focused on nutrition, mental health and physical activity education. The Camp in a Box is a Tribal/Urban Indian-University partnership, and materials were developed to replace an existing weeklong residential camp and to comply with social distancing guidelines. Read More

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The effects of booster sessions on self-management interventions for chronic musculoskeletal pain: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Pain 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

University College London London North West University Healthcare NHS Trust University College London, Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital.

Abstract: Our objective was to investigate the effectiveness of booster sessions after self-management interventions as a means of maintaining self-management behaviours in the treatment of chronic musculoskeletal pain. We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Science Citation Index, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and PsycINFO. Two authors independently identified eligible trials and collected data. Read More

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Optimization of a urea-containing series of nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT) activators.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2021 Jun 31;41:128007. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Translational Research Institute. AdventHealth, Orlando, FL 32804, USA.

NAD is a crucial cellular factor that plays multifaceted roles in wide ranging biological processes. Low levels of NAD have been linked to numerous diseases including metabolic disorders, cardiovascular disease, neurodegeneration, and muscle wasting disorders. A novel strategy to boost NAD is to activate nicotinamide phosphoribosyltransferase (NAMPT), the putative rate-limiting step in the NAD salvage pathway. Read More

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A Cluster Randomized Trial to Reduce Missed Abusive Head Trauma in Pediatric Intensive Care Settings.

J Pediatr 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Penn State University, State College, PA.

Objective: To estimate the impact of the PediBIRN (Pediatric Brain Injury Research Network) 4-variable clinical decision rule (CDR) on abuse evaluations and missed abusive head trauma in pediatric intensive care settings.

Study Design: This was a cluster randomized trial. Participants included 8 pediatric intensive care units (PICUs) in US academic medical centers; PICU and child abuse physicians; and consecutive patients with acute head injures <3 years (n = 183 and n = 237, intervention vs control). Read More

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Technology-Based Bullying Intervention for Rural Schools: Perspectives on Needs, Challenges, and Design.

Rural Ment Health 2021 Jan;45(1):14-30

Boise State University.

Bullying is a significant problem in the United States, with 26.7% of middle school students reporting bullying victimization. The majority of bullying programs are comprehensive, school-wide interventions that require significant resources for implementation, creating barriers and challenges for schools in rural and low-income communities. Read More

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January 2021

Physical activity and health-related quality of life in men and women with hip and/or knee osteoarthritis before and after a supported self-management programme - a prospective observational study.

Disabil Rehabil 2021 Mar 24:1-9. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Department of Health Sciences, Division of Physiotherapy, Lund University, Lund, Sweden.

Purpose: To study differences between men and women in physical activity (PA) and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) before and after participating in a supported osteoarthritis (OA) self-management programme.

Materials And Methods: A prospective observational study using data from a Swedish National Quality Register. Patients recorded between 2008 and 2013 with hip and/or knee OA with data at baseline, at 3 and 12 months follow-up ( = 7628) were included. Read More

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Attentional Bias, Alcohol Craving, and Anxiety Implications of the Virtual Reality Cue-Exposure Therapy in Severe Alcohol Use Disorder: A Case Report.

Front Psychol 2021 22;12:543586. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Department of Clinical Psychology and Psychobiology, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain.

: Attentional bias (AB), alcohol craving, and anxiety have important implications in the development and maintenance of alcohol use disorder (AUD). The current study aims to test the effectiveness of a Virtual Reality Cue-Exposure Therapy (VR-CET) to reduce levels of alcohol craving and anxiety and prompt changes in AB toward alcohol content. : A 49-year-old male participated in this study, diagnosed with severe AUD, who also used tobacco and illicit substances on an occasional basis and who made several failed attempts to cease substance misuse. Read More

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February 2021

Effectiveness and cost effectiveness of a stress management training for leaders of small and medium sized enterprises - study protocol for a randomized controlled-trial.

BMC Public Health 2021 03 8;21(1):468. Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, Ulm University Medical Center, Albert-Einstein-Allee 23, 89081, Ulm, Germany.

Background: Leaders in small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are exposed to increased stress as a result of a range of challenges. Moreover, they rarely have the opportunity to participate in stress management trainings. Therefore, KMU-GO (ger: Kleine und mittlere Unternehmen - Gesundheitsoffensive; en: small and medium-sized enterprises - health campaign) aims at conducting and evaluating such a stress management training. Read More

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Development of a salutogenic intervention for healthy eating among Dutch type 2 diabetes mellitus patients.

Health Promot Int 2021 Mar 1. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Social Sciences, chair group Health and Society, Wageningen University and Research, Hollandseweg 1, 6706 KN, Wageningen, The Netherlands.

Healthy eating can be challenging for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients. The theory of salutogenesis, which focuses on the resources required to organize behavioural changes in everyday life, was used to develop an intervention for healthy eating. The aim was to describe the development, structure and content of this salutogenic intervention. Read More

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Effectiveness of self-management programmes for adolescents with a chronic illness: A systematic review.

J Adv Nurs 2021 Feb 25. Epub 2021 Feb 25.

Discipline of Child & Adolescent Health, Sydney Medical School, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia.

Aim: To assess what is known about the effectiveness of face-to-face self-management programmes designed specifically for adolescents (10-19 years) with a chronic illness.

Design: A systematic review and synthesis without meta-analysis (SWiM).

Data Sources: Six international web-based reference libraries were searched with a date range of 1946 to July 2020. Read More

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February 2021

Immunogenicity and antibody persistence of diphteria-tetanus-acellular pertussis vaccination in adolescents and adults: a systematic review of the literature showed different responses to the available vaccines.

J Prev Med Hyg 2020 Dec 14;61(4):E530-E541. Epub 2021 Jan 14.

Department of Biomedical Sciences and Morphological and Functional Images (BIOMORF), University of Messina, Italy.

Introduction: In industrialized countries, the routine use of Bordetella pertussis vaccines has shifted the burden of Bordetella pertussis disease from children to infants, adolescents and adults, leading to the necessity for booster doses.

Materials And Methods: We prepared a review according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) with the aims of: a) describing the immunogenicity of the main available vaccines for adolescents and adults; b) describing antibody persistence after immunization with the main vaccines available in childhood and adults and, also, possible co-administration; and c) identifying the gold standard for adolescent and adult immunizations.

Results: We identified 6906 records. Read More

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December 2020

The effectiveness of adapted schema therapy for cluster C personality disorders in older adults - integrating positive schemas.

Contemp Clin Trials Commun 2021 Mar 30;21:100715. Epub 2021 Jan 30.

PersonaCura, Clinical Centre of Excellence for Personality Disorders and Autism in Older Adults, GGz Breburg, Tilburg, the Netherlands.

Introduction: Schema therapy (ST) is an efficacious psychotherapy for personality disorders (PDs) in adults. The first empirical support for the effectiveness of ST in older adults with cluster C PDs was provided recently. ST partly focusses on the positive, but there is an increasing awareness of imbalance in the ST community because of the emphasis on negative schemas versus attention to positive schemas. Read More

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Developing a brief motivational intervention for young adults admitted with alcohol intoxication in the emergency department - Results from an iterative qualitative design.

PLoS One 2021 8;16(2):e0246652. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Department of Psychiatry, Addiction Medicine, Lausanne University Hospital, Lausanne, Switzerland.

Background: Unhealthy alcohol use among young adults is a major public health concern. Brief motivational interventions for young adults in the Emergency Department (ED) have shown promising but inconsistent results.

Methods: Based on the literature on brief intervention and motivational interviewing efficacy and active ingredients, we developed a new motivational intervention model for young adults admitted in the ED with alcohol intoxication. Read More

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February 2021

Effect of intensive training in improving older women's knowledge and support for infant vaccination in Nigerian urban slums: a before-and-after intervention study.

BMC Public Health 2021 02 2;21(1):266. Epub 2021 Feb 2.

Department of Epidemiology and Medical Statistics, Faculty of Public Health, College of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria.

Background: One of the strategies for improving vaccination uptake is to make communities understand the importance of immunization and this is expected to drive the demand for vaccines. Building the capacity of older women who supervise child care in Africa may improve infant vaccination in underserved communities. This study determined the impact of training of older women on their knowledge and support for infant vaccination in selected urban slum communities in Ibadan, Nigeria. Read More

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February 2021

Advance Care Planning-Complex and Working: Longitudinal Trajectory of Congruence in End-of-Life Treatment Preferences: An RCT.

Am J Hosp Palliat Care 2021 Jun 3;38(6):634-643. Epub 2021 Feb 3.

Center for Translational Research/Children's Research Institute, Washington, DC, USA.

Context: The effect of advance care planning (ACP) interventions on the trajectory of end-of-life treatment preference congruence between patients and surrogate decision-makers is unstudied.

Objective: To identify unobserved distinctive patterns of congruence trajectories and examine how the typology of outcome development differed between ACP and controls.

Methods: Multisite, assessor-blinded, intent-to-treat, randomized clinical trial enrolled participants between October 2013 to March 2017 from 5 hospital-based HIV clinics. Read More

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A cluster-randomized control trial targeting parents of pediatric cancer survivors with obesity: Rationale and study protocol of NOURISH-T.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Mar 27;102:106296. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Department of Psychology, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, United States of America.

Approximately 40-50% of pediatric cancer survivors (PCS) are overweight or obese; increasing their risk for metabolic syndrome and other negative long-term physical health complications. Using our successful pilot trial testing the preliminary feasibility and efficacy of NOURISH for Healthy Transitions (NOURISH-T), we refined our intervention, now NOURISH-T+, and will implement these refinements in this larger, multi-site randomized control trial. Parents of PCS with overweight/obesity (BMI ≥ 85th%ile), age 5-12, ≥6 months off treatment are randomly assigned to the NOURISH-T+ intervention or Enhanced Usual Care (EUC) comparison. Read More

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Longitudinal impact and effects of booster sessions in a cognitive training program for healthy older adults.

Arch Gerontol Geriatr 2021 May-Jun;94:104337. Epub 2021 Jan 13.

University of Virginia, Deparment of Psychology: 485, McCormick Road, Gilmer Hall, Charlottesville, VA 22903, U.S.

This paper reports the results from a 3-year follow-up study to measure the long-term efficacy of a cognitive training for healthy older adults and investigates the effects of booster sessions using an entropy-based metric.

Design: semi-randomized quasi-experimental controlled design.

Participants: 50 older adults, (M = 73. Read More

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Psychological intervention, antipsychotic medication or a combined treatment for adolescents with a first episode of psychosis: the MAPS feasibility three-arm RCT.

Health Technol Assess 2021 Jan;25(4):1-124

Warneford Hospital, Oxford Health NHS Foundation Trust, Oxford, UK.

Background: When psychosis emerges in young people there is a risk of poorer outcomes, and access to evidence-based treatments is paramount. The current evidence base is limited. Antipsychotic medications show only a small benefit over placebo, but young people experience more side effects than adults. Read More

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January 2021

Mechanisms of change and heterogeneous treatment effects in psychodynamic and cognitive behavioural therapy for patients with depressive disorder: a randomized controlled trial.

BMC Psychol 2021 Jan 22;9(1):11. Epub 2021 Jan 22.

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, P.O. Box 1171, 0318, Blindern, Oslo, Norway.

Background: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a prevalent psychiatric condition associated with significant disability, mortality and economic burden. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and psychodynamic psychotherapy (PDT) are found to be equally effective for patients with depression. However, many patients do not respond sufficiently to either treatment. Read More

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January 2021

Adherence to and the Maintenance of Self-Management Behaviour in Older People with Musculoskeletal Pain-A Scoping Review and Theoretical Models.

J Clin Med 2021 Jan 15;10(2). Epub 2021 Jan 15.

School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, 72123 Västerås, Sweden.

(1) Background: Adherence to and the maintenance of treatment regimens are fundamental for pain self-management and sustainable behavioural changes. The first aim was to study older adults' (>65 years) levels of adherence to and maintenance of musculoskeletal pain self-management programmes in randomized controlled trials. The second aim was to suggest theoretical models of adherence to and maintenance of a behaviour. Read More

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January 2021