671,463 results match your criteria body weight


Preoperative Determination of the Size of the Semitendinosus and Gracilis Tendon by Multidetector Row CT Scanner for Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction.

J Knee Surg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Surgery, Keck School of Medicine USC, Los Angeles, California.

Accurately measuring the length and diameter of the hamstring tendon autograft preoperatively is important for planning anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) reconstructive surgery. The purpose of this study was to assess the reliability of three-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) scanning technique to produce the actual measurement of the gracilis and semitendinosus (GT and ST, respectively) tendon grafts' length and diameter for surgery. Ninety patients were scheduled for ACL reconstruction with hamstring autograft. Read More

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The PAP Flap Breast Reconstruction: A Practical Option for Slim Patients.

J Reconstr Microsurg 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Dongsan Medical Center, Keimyung University School of Medicine, Daegu, Seoul, Korea.

Background:  The posterior thigh-based profunda artery perforator (PAP) flap has been an emerging option as a secondary choice in breast reconstructions. However, whether a PAP flap could consistently serve as the secondary option in slim patients has not been investigated.

Methods:  Records of immediate unilateral breast reconstructions performed from May 2017 to June 2019 were reviewed. Read More

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Fat regulatory mechanisms of pine nut oil based on protein interaction network analysis.

Phytomedicine 2021 Mar 27;86:153557. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

Department of Convergence Korean Medical Science, College of Korean Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Seoul 02447, Republic of Korea.

Background: Pine nut oil (PNO), a standardized and well-defined extract of Pinus koraiensis (Korean pine), has beneficial effects on wound healing, inflammatory diseases, and cancer. However, the explanation for the mechanism by which PNO reduces body fat remains uncertain. We performed a protein-protein interaction network (PPIN) analysis to explore the genes associated with pinolenic acid using the MEDILINE database from PubChem and PubMed. Read More

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Performance of lambs under four levels of dietary supplementation and artificially mix-infected with Haemonchus contortus and Trichostrongylus colubriformis.

Rev Bras Parasitol Vet 2021 9;30(1):e025420. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Instituto de Biociências, Universidade Estadual Paulista - UNESP, Botucatu, SP, Brasil.

The effect of four diets on the performance of Dorper lambs that were artificially mix-infected with 1000 infective larvae (L3) of Haemonchus contortus and 1000 L3 of Trichostrongylus colubriformis every three days for 12 weeks was evaluated. For each diet, one infected group (n = 7) and one control group (n = 4) were set up. The four diets contained the following proportions of hay (H) and concentrate (C): Diet 1 - 100%H; Diet 2 - 75%H:25%C; Diet 3 - 50%H:50%C; Diet 4 - 25%H:75. Read More

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Additive effect of low skeletal muscle mass and abdominal obesity on coronary artery calcification.

Eur J Endocrinol 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

J Kim, Medicine, Division of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Samsung Medical Center, Seoul, Korea (the Republic of).

Objective We aimed to investigate the interaction of reduced skeletal muscle mass and abdominal obesity on coronary artery calcification (CAC). Design and methods A total of 19,728 adults free of cardiovascular disease (CVD) who contemporaneously underwent cardiac tomography and bioelectrical impedance analysis were enrolled in a cross-sectional and longitudinal cohort. Skeletal muscle mass index (SMI) was calculated the following formula: SMI (%) = total appendicular muscle mass (kg)/body weight (kg) x 100 according to sex. Read More

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A Retrospective Review of Patients' Response to Biologic Therapy for Psoriasis.

J Drugs Dermatol 2021 Apr;20(4):442-449

Background: Biologic treatments have taken the forefront in treating moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Although numerous randomized, controlled trials have demonstrated the efficacy of these agents, there is limited data suggesting that clinical trial outcomes are reproducible in real-world patients.

Objective: Obtain real-world evidence for the use of biologics that target different segments of the immune system in patients with moderate-to-severe psoriasis. Read More

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Associations between second-line glucose-lowering combination therapies with metformin and HbA , body weight, quality of life, hypoglycaemic events, and glucose-lowering treatment intensification: the DISCOVER study.

Diabetes Obes Metab 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

AstraZeneca, Gaithersburg, Maryland, USA.

Aims: Using data from DISCOVER, a 3-year, prospective, global observational study of patients with type 2 diabetes initiating second-line glucose-lowering therapy, we sought to explore the effects of second-line dual combinations therapies plus metformin on body weight, glycated haemoglobin (HbA ), health-related quality of life, and risks of hypoglycaemia and further treatment intensification.

Materials And Methods: Adjusted changes from baseline in weight, HbA , and 36-item Short Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-36v2) summary scores at 6, 12, 24, and 36 months were assessed using linear mixed models. Risk of hypoglycaemia and further intensification were assessed using interval censored analyses. Read More

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Analysis of long non-coding RNAs in skeletal muscle of Bama Xiang pigs in response to heat stress.

Trop Anim Health Prod 2021 Apr 14;53(2):259. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

College of Animal Science and Technology, Guangxi University, Nanning, 530004, Guangxi, China.

The aim of this study was to identify differentially expressed long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) molecules and predict their target genes related to muscle development and lipid metabolism in longissimus dorsi (LD) muscles of Bama Xiang pigs under constant heat stress. Ten male Bama Xiang pigs with an average initial body weight of 14 kg were randomly divided into control group (22°C) and heat stress (35 °C) group. The experiment lasted for 28 days. Read More

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Legacy and Emerging Poly- and Perfluoroalkyl Substances in Finless Porpoises from East China Sea: Temporal Trends and Tissue-Specific Accumulation.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou 510275, China.

Perfluoroalkyl sulfonates (PFSAs), perfluoroalkyl carboxylates (PFCAs), and emerging alternatives and precursors of these compounds were determined in tissues of finless porpoise () collected from East China Sea in 2009-2010 and 2018-2019. The median hepatic concentrations of emerging poly- and perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs), including 6:2 chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (6:2 Cl-PFESA), 8:2 chlorinated polyfluorinated ether sulfonate (8:2 Cl-PFESA), 2,3,3,3-tetrafluoro-2-propanoate (HFPO-DA), and 4,8-dioxa-3-perfluorononanoate (ADONA) were 16.2, 2. Read More

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Weight control intentions and mental health among Canadian adolescents: a gender-based analysis of students in the COMPASS study.

Health Promot Chronic Dis Prev Can 2021 Apr;41(4):119-130

School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.

Introduction: Little is known about gender differences in associations between weight control intentions and mental health in adolescents. Our objective was to examine these associations in a large sample of adolescent girls and boys.

Methods: Using data from Year 6 (2017-18) of the COMPASS study (n = 57 324), we performed a series of multivariable linear regressions to examine whether weight control intentions (gain, lose, stay the same, no intention) were associated with depression, anxiety and self-concept, while adjusting for relevant covariates including body mass index. Read More

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Prevalence of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities in China.

J Intellect Disabil Res 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

School of Health Professions and Wellness, Jacksonville State University, Jacksonville, AL, USA.

Background: Overweight and obesity in children and adolescents has become a worldwide epidemic. There are several studies that have concentrated on the prevalence rate of children and adolescents with intellectual disabilities (ID), whereas data on such a population on the mainland of China remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the prevalence rate of overweight and obesity among school-aged children and adolescents with ID on China's mainland. Read More

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In utero and early-life exposure to thirdhand smoke causes profound changes to the immune system.

Clin Sci (Lond) 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

University of California, San Francisco, California, United States.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer in children. Thirdhand smoke (THS) is the residual tobacco contamination that remains after the smoke clears. We investigated the effects of THS exposure in utero and during early life in a transgenic Cdkn2a knockout mouse model that is vulnerable to the development of leukemia/lymphoma. Read More

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Resistance training exercises for obese and non-obese individuals living in high-altitude regions utilizing biochemical markers-A controlled trial.

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Apr;24(4):600-607

Department of Pharmacognosy, College of Pharmacy, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia.

Background: High-altitude disease prevalence varies according to types of exposure and the effects of hypoxic and hypobaric environments, with the result that people at high altitudes present many different physiological responses.

Aims: The research aims to analyze the effects of resistance training (RT) exercises at high altitudes on obese subjects and to explain the determinants that make obese people more susceptible to various chronic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, hypertension, asthma, etc.

Methods: This study recruited 225 subjects living in the high-altitude region of Aseer, Saudi Arabia, and divided them into three groups. Read More

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THE ROLE OF ZONULIN IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF LIVER FIBROSIS IN OBESE ADOLESCENTS.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(1):77-82

KHARKIV MEDICAL ACADEMY OF POSTGRADUATE EDUCATION, KHARKIV, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To study the relationship between zonulin level and PNFI (pediatric non-alcoholic fatty liver disease fibrosis index) in obese adolescents.

Patients And Methods: Material and methods: A total of fifty-nine obese subjects aged 12-17 years and thirteen healthy subjects were included in the study. Clinical, biochemical parameters, including serum zonulin, were examined and abdominal ultrasound examination was performed. Read More

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January 2021

THE EFFECT OF SMOKING ON NUTRITIONAL STATUS, SEVERITY OF THE DISEASE AND THE DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEMIC EFFECTS IN PATIENTS WITH CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(1):52-56

DNIPROPETROVSK MEDICAL ACADEMY OF THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF UKRAINE, DNIPRO, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: To determine the effect of smoking on indicators of nutritional status in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: A study included 91 patients with COPD. Patients were divided into two groups depending on the status of smoking: smokers and non-smokers. Read More

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January 2021

Population pharmacokinetics of oxcarbazepine: a systematic review.

Expert Rev Clin Pharmacol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Pharmacy, Shanghai Chest Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Introduction: Oxcarbazepine is commonly used as first-line treatment for partial and generalized tonic-clonic seizures. Owing to the high pharmacokinetic variability, several population pharmacokinetic models have been developed for oxcarbazepine to explore potential covariates that affect its pharmacokinetic variation.

Areas Covered: This review summarises the published population pharmacokinetic studies of oxcarbazepine in children and adults available in PubMed and Embase databases. Read More

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Effects of Nigella sativa oil supplementation on selected metabolic parameters and anthropometric indices in patients with coronary artery disease: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial.

Phytother Res 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Nutrition Research Center, Faculty of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Various metabolic parameters are risk factors related to the amplified risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease. A wide variety of data exist on Nigella sativa (NS) and metabolic parameters. The current study is designed to examine NS supplementation on lipid profile, blood pressure, glycemic control, anthropometric indices, and insulin resistance in individuals with coronary artery disease (CAD). Read More

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Hepatic fibroblast growth factor 21 is involved in mediating functions of liraglutide in mice with dietary challenge.

Hepatology 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Div. of Advanced Diagnostics, Toronto General Hospital Research Institute, University Health Network, Canada.

Background And Aims: Several studies have shown that expression of hepatic fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21) can be stimulated by GLP-1-based diabetes drugs. As GLP-1 receptor (GLP-1R) is unlikely expressed in hepatocytes, we aimed to compare such stimulation in mice and in mouse-hepatocytes; determine the involvement of GLP-1R, and clarify whether FGF21 mediates certain functions of the GLP-1R agonist liraglutide.

Approaches And Results: Liver FGF21 expression was assessed in mice with daily liraglutide injection for 3 days, or in mouse primary hepatocytes (MPH) with direct liraglutide treatment. Read More

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The impact of COVID-19 on body-dissatisfied female university students.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

College of Education Psychology & Social Work, Flinders University, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Objective: This study investigated the impact of COVID-19 on young women's disordered eating and their responses to online interventions to reduce disordered eating.

Method: University students at risk of developing an eating disorder (N = 100) were randomly assigned to either receiving an online intervention to reduce disordered eating or not. Forty-one participants entered the study from September 2019 to March 2020 (pre-COVID) and 59 after physical distancing was introduced due to COVID pandemic (during COVID). Read More

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[Evaluation of the Effectiveness of a Standard Operating Procedure (SOP) for the Perioperative Management of Colorectal Surgery].

Zentralbl Chir 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Klinik- und Poliklinik für Allgemein-, Viszeral-, Thorax- und Gefäßchirurgie, Universitätsklinikum Bonn, Deutschland.

Introduction: In recent years, perioperative care of patients after colorectal surgery has been increasingly standardised according to the fast-track concept and is accepted as a structured method of care to reduce perioperative complications. Indeed, initial studies have indicated that there is a long-term favourable effect on the oncological outcome, if the adherence to the individual measures is at least 70%. Even though there is unambiguous evidence for the efficacy of the modern perioperative treatment concept, it is often difficult to comply with the protocol during normal clinical work, particularly in Germany. Read More

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Studying the Influence of Copper on the Growth Behavior, Antioxidative Status, and Histology of the Intestine and Liver of Striped Catfish (Pangasianodon hypophthalmus).

Biol Trace Elem Res 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agriculture, Kafrelsheikh University, Kafrelsheikh, 33516, Egypt.

Microelements are well recognized as an essential approach in the field of aquaculture nutrition. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate copper (Cu) inclusion (0, 0.5, 1, and 2 mg/kg) on Striped catfish performances. Read More

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Does your past define you? How weight histories are associated with child eating-disorder psychopathology.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, 301 Cedar Street, New Haven, CT, 06519, USA.

Purpose: To examine how parents' and adolescents' weight histories were associated with parents' approach to eating/weight-related parenting and children's eating-disorder behaviors.

Methods: Participants were 502 parents (69.3% mothers, 30. Read More

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Predicting the available space for liver transplantation in cirrhotic patients: a computed tomography-based volumetric study.

Hepatol Int 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

ICube, Université de Strasbourg, CNRS UMR 7357, Illkirch, France.

Background: Anthropometric parameters (weight, height) are usually used for quick matching between two individuals (donor and recipient) in liver transplantation (LT). This study aimed to evaluate clinical factors influencing the overall available space for implanting a liver graft in cirrhotic patients.

Methods: In a cohort of 275 cirrhotic patients undergoing LT, we calculated the liver volume (LV), cavity volume (CV), which is considered the additional space between the liver and the right hypocondrium, and the overall volume (OV = LV + CV) using a computed tomography (CT)-based volumetric system. Read More

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Long-Term Weight Loss with Body Contour Surgery After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass.

Obes Surg 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Division of Plastic Surgery, Henry Ford Hospital, 2799 West Grand Blvd, Suite k-16, Detroit, MI, 48202, USA.

Background: Bariatric surgery is accepted as an evidence-based treatment for morbid obesity. Many patients seek out body contour surgery afterwards to correct acquired deformities. This study seeks to better define the impact of body contour surgery on long-term weight loss. Read More

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Cholecalciferol Supplementation Does Not Prevent the Development of Metabolic Syndrome or Enhance the Beneficial Effects of Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Obese Mice.

J Nutr 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Québec Heart and Lung Institute Research Centre, Faculty of Medicine, Laval University, Québec City, QC, Canada.

Background: Cholecalciferol (D3) may improve inflammation, and thus provide protection from cardiometabolic diseases (CMD), although controversy remains. Omega-3 fatty acids (ω-3FA) may also prevent the development of CMD, but the combined effects of ω-3FA and D3 are not fully understood.

Objectives: We determined the chronic independent and combined effects of D3 and ω-3FA on body weight, glucose homeostasis, and markers of inflammation in obese mice. Read More

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Adequate protein intake in older adults in the context of frailty: cross-sectional results of the Nutrition and Health Survey in Taiwan 2014-2017.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Background: Emerging evidence suggests that a dietary protein intake higher than the current recommended dietary allowance of 0.8 g/kg body weight (BW)/d may be needed to maintain optimal muscle mass, strength, and function in older adults. However, defining optimal protein intake in this age group remains a challenge. Read More

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The "drive to eat" hypothesis: energy expenditure and fat-free mass but not adiposity are associated with milk intake and energy intake in 12 week infants.

Am J Clin Nutr 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Appetite Control and Energy Balance Research Group, School of Psychology, Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom.

Background: Recent work has challenged the long-held assumption that appetite functions to maintain stable body mass and fat mass (FM), suggesting instead that appetite matches food intake to energy expenditure and its correlate, fat-free mass (FFM). Whether this scenario applies to young infants, in chronic positive energy balance, remains unknown.

Objectives: To test associations of components of energy expenditure and body composition with milk intake (MI) and energy intake (EI) in 12-week infants, by reanalyzing published cross-sectional data. Read More

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Supplementation of probiotics in water beneficial growth performance, carcass traits, immune function, and antioxidant capacity in broiler chickens.

Open Life Sci 2021 3;16(1):311-322. Epub 2021 Apr 3.

College of Life Science, Shanxi Agricultural University, Jinzhong 030801, Shanxi Province, China.

This study aims to investigate the effects of commercial probiotic supplementation in water on the performance parameters, carcass traits, immune function, and antioxidant capacity of broiler chicks. In the experiment, 120 Arbor Acres (AA) broilers (60 male and 60 female) were randomly allocated into four groups (G) - G1: basal diet and G2, G3, and G4: basal diet with 1% , 1% , and 1% in the water, lasting 42 days. The experimental results revealed that probiotic additives produced positive impacts on body weight, average daily feed intake (ADFI), and average daily weight gain for female chicks, whereas these probiotics significantly reduced ADFI and the feed conversion ratio of male chicks ( < 0. Read More

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Bone mineral density and hip structure changes over one-year in collegiate distance runners and non-athlete controls.

Bone Rep 2021 Jun 23;14:101056. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Health and Human Sciences, 1 LMU Drive, MS 8888, Los Angeles, CA 90045, USA.

Modification of bone is continuous throughout life and influenced by many factors, including physical activity. This study investigated changes in areal bone mineral density (aBMD) and hip structure among male and female collegiate distance runners and non-athlete controls over 12 months. Using dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) and hip structure analysis (HSA) software, aBMD at the posterior-anterior (PA) and lateral spine, femoral neck, total hip (TH), whole body (WB), and bone geometry at the narrow neck (NN) of the femur was measured three times over 12 months. Read More

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Cyclin G2 promotes the formation of smooth muscle cells derived foam cells in atherosclerosis via PP2A/NF-κB/LOX-1 pathway.

Ann Transl Med 2021 Mar;9(6):446

The Research Center for Medical Genomics, Key Laboratory of Medical Cell Biology, Ministry of Education, School of Life Sciences, China Medical University, Shenyang, China.

Background: To investigate the role and underlying mechanism of cyclin G2 (G2-type cyclin) in the formation of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) derived foam cells.

Methods: The levels of α-SMA (alpha-SM-actin), p-NF-κB (phosphorylation nuclear transcription factors kappa B), and LOX-1 (lectin-like oxidized low-density lipoprotein receptor-1) were measured by immunohistochemistry and western blotting. The mouse aortic root smooth muscle cell line MOVAS was transfected to over-express cyclin G2, which were then stimulated with 80 µg/mL ox-LDL (oxidized low-density lipoprotein) to induce foam cell formation. Read More

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