148 results match your criteria body cabo

Correlation between pain, anthropometric measurements, stress and biochemical markers in women with low back pain.

Pain Manag 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Postgraduate Program in Exercise & Sport Sciences, Rio de Janeiro State University, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

To analyze the associations between pain duration, pain levels, anthropometric measures, perceived stress and biochemical markers in women with low back pain. Forty-two participants were submitted to body mass, height, abdominal circumference, cortisol and creatine kinase (CK) collections. Pain duration, pain levels and stress were analyzed through specific questionnaires. Read More

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Additive and non-additive effects of day and night temperatures on thermally plastic traits in a model for adaptive seasonal plasticity.

Evolution 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Instituto Gulbenkian de Ciência, Oeiras, Portugal.

Developmental plasticity can match organismal phenotypes to ecological conditions, helping populations to deal with the environmental heterogeneity of alternating seasons. In contrast to natural situations, experimental studies of plasticity often use environmental conditions that are held constant during development. To explore potential interactions between day and night temperatures, we tested effects of circadian temperature fluctuations on thermally plastic traits in a seasonally plastic butterfly, Bicyclus anynana. Read More

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Functional Outcomes and Quality of Life after Redo Anastomosis in Patients With Rectal Cancer: An International Multicenter Comparative Cohort Study.

Dis Colon Rectum 2021 07;64(7):822-832

Department of Surgery, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Background: Redo anastomosis can be considered in selected patients with persistent leakage, stenosis, or local recurrence. It is technically challenging, and little is known about the functional outcomes after this seldomly performed type of surgery.

Objective: The aim of this study was to compare functional outcomes and the quality of life between redo anastomosis and primary successful anastomosis following total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer. Read More

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Physical fitness in children in Cabo Verde: differences between gender, eutrophic vs overweight subjects, and practitioners vs nonpractitioners of sports.

Minerva Pediatr (Torino) 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Department of Sport and Well-being, Polytechnic Institute of Castelo Branco, Castelo Branco, Portugal.

Purpose: There are few or even rare studies conducted in Cabo Verde that address the issue of physical fitness and body composition in the juvenile population. This investigation aims to study the Physical Fitness in children in Cabo Verde: differences between gender, eutrophic and overweight subjects, between practitioners and non-practitioners of sports.

Methods: The sample consisted of 93 individuals aged between 10 and 15 years, from the 2nd and 3rd cycles and secondary school of the Portuguese College based in Cabo Verde. Read More

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Pycnogonids from marine docks located along the west coast of the Gulf of California, Mexico.

Zootaxa 2021 Feb 26;4938(2):zootaxa.4938.2.1. Epub 2021 Feb 26.

Instituto Politécnico Nacional, Centro Interdisciplinario de Ciencias Marinas, Departamento de Plancton y Ecología Marina, Av. Instituto Politécnico Nacional s/n, Col. Playa Palo de Santa Rita, La Paz, Baja California Sur, C.P. 23096, Mexico..

Sea spiders (Class Pycnogonida Latreille, 1810) are chelicerate arthropods, with an extraordinarily reduced body armed with eight to twelve elongated legs. A literature review of taxonomic and ecological studies of pycnogonids from Mexico identified 49 nominal species (~3.6% out of 1,335 species described worldwide). Read More

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February 2021

Tissue and gender-related differences in the elemental composition of juvenile ocean sunfish (Mola spp.).

Chemosphere 2021 Jun 13;272:129131. Epub 2020 Dec 13.

Division of Oceanography and Marine Environment, IPMA - Portuguese Institute of the Sea and Atmosphere, Av. Doutor Alfredo Magalhães Ramalho, 6, 1495-165, Algés, Portugal. Electronic address:

Trace elements are potentially critical contaminants of aquatic environments and fish, occupying upper trophic levels, are especially vulnerable to bioaccumulation. Due to public health concerns, however, data on the elemental composition of non-commercially important marine species are particularly lacking. Ocean sunfish (Mola spp. Read More

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One-Year Clinical Outcome of Inspiron Stent in All-Comers Population (Analysis from 790 Consecutive Patients).

J Interv Cardiol 2020 17;2020:6340716. Epub 2020 Dec 17.

Hospital Dom Helder Câmara, Cabo de Santo Agostinho, Brazil.

Aims: The goal of this study was to evaluate the performance of the Inspiron coronary stent (Scitech Medical™, Goiás, Brazil). The Inspiron sirolimus-eluting stent uses an ultrathin L-605 cobalt-chromium alloy with a 75 m strut thickness platform coated with an abluminal biodegradable polymer. The polymer is eliminated from the body through the tricarboxylic acid cycle in 6-9 months, releasing 80% of the drug within 30 days after its deployment. Read More

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Ultrasound measures of abdominal fat layers correlate with metabolic syndrome features in patients with obesity.

Obes Sci Pract 2020 Dec 8;6(6):660-667. Epub 2020 Oct 8.

Faculty Health Sciences Universitat Oberta Catalunya Barcelona Spain.

Objective: Abdominal fat ultrasound (US) is a simple clinical tool that may allow measures of fat depots not visible using common dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) or computerized tomography (CT) imaging. The aim of this study was to validate the technique, give measures of and , , and (retroperitoneal) fat and correlate them with MS markers.

Methods: Sequential US measures of these five abdominal fat layers were done at 397 adults. Read More

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December 2020

Branched chain amino acids, aging and age-related health.

Ageing Res Rev 2020 12 24;64:101198. Epub 2020 Oct 24.

The University of Sydney, Charles Perkins Centre, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; The University of Sydney, Faculty of Science, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Branched chain amino acids (BCAA: leucine, valine, isoleucine) have key physiological roles in the regulation of protein synthesis, metabolism, food intake and aging. Many studies report apparently inconsistent conclusions about the relationships between blood levels of BCAAs or dietary manipulation of BCAAs with age-related changes in body composition, sarcopenia, obesity, insulin and glucose metabolism, and aging biology itself. These divergent results can be resolved by consideration of the role of BCAAs as signalling molecules and the bidirectional mechanistic relationship between BCAAs and some aging phenotypes. Read More

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December 2020

Elucidating the mechanisms by which disulfiram protects against obesity and metabolic syndrome.

NPJ Aging Mech Dis 2020 21;6. Epub 2020 Jul 21.

Experimental Gerontology Section, Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD 21224 USA.

There is an unmet need and urgency to find safe and effective anti-obesity interventions. Our recent study in mice fed on obesogenic diet found that treatment with the alcohol aversive drug disulfiram reduced feeding efficiency and led to a decrease in body weight and an increase in energy expenditure. The intervention with disulfiram improved glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity, and mitigated metabolic dysfunctions in various organs through poorly defined mechanisms. Read More

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Combining a High Dose of Metformin With the SIRT1 Activator, SRT1720, Reduces Life Span in Aged Mice Fed a High-Fat Diet.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2020 10;75(11):2037-2041

Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, Maryland.

SRT1720, a sirtuin1-activator, and metformin (MET), an antidiabetic drug, confer health and life-span benefits when administered individually. It is unclear whether combination of the two compounds could lead to additional benefits. Groups of 56-week-old C57BL/6J male mice were fed a high-fat diet (HFD) alone or supplemented with either SRT1720 (2 g/kg food), a high dose of MET (1% wt/wt food), or a combination of both. Read More

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October 2020

The Effect of Physical Activity and High Body Mass Index on Health-Related Quality of Life in Individuals with Metabolic Syndrome.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020 05 25;17(10). Epub 2020 May 25.

Unit of Cardiovascular Risk and Nutrition, Institut Hospital del Mar de Investigaciones Médicas Municipal d'Investigació Médica (IMIM), 08003 Barcelona, Spain.

The main objective of this study was to examine the relationship between the level of physical activity (PA) and the degree of obesity with health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in individuals with metabolic syndrome (MetS) who participated in the Predimed-Plus study. A total of 6875 subjects between 55 and 75 years of age with MetS were selected and randomized in 23 Spanish centers. Subjects were classified according to categories of body mass index (BMI). Read More

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Disulfiram Treatment Normalizes Body Weight in Obese Mice.

Cell Metab 2020 08 14;32(2):203-214.e4. Epub 2020 May 14.

Laboratory of Clinical Investigation, Intramural Research Program, National Institute on Aging, NIH, Baltimore, MD 21224, USA.

Obesity is a top public health concern, and a molecule that safely treats obesity is urgently needed. Disulfiram (known commercially as Antabuse), an FDA-approved treatment for chronic alcohol addiction, exhibits anti-inflammatory properties and helps protect against certain types of cancer. Here, we show that in mice disulfiram treatment prevented body weight gain and abrogated the adverse impact of an obesogenic diet on insulin responsiveness while mitigating liver steatosis and pancreatic islet hypertrophy. Read More

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Perinatal diet influences health and survival in a mouse model of leukemia.

Geroscience 2020 08 11;42(4):1147-1155. Epub 2020 May 11.

Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging, NIH, 251 Bayview Blvd, Suite 100, Baltimore, MD, 21224, USA.

The goal of the current study was to determine the role of maternal diet in the perinatal period on the health and survival of the offspring. AKR/J mice, a model described to be susceptible to leukemia development, was used where females were maintained on either standard diet (SD), high sucrose diet, Western diet, or calorie restriction (CR) as they were mated with SD-fed males. Body weights, pregnancy rates, litter size, and litter survival were used as markers of successful pregnancy and pup health. Read More

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Mitochondrial adaptations in liver and skeletal muscle to pro-longevity nutritional and genetic interventions: the crosstalk between calorie restriction and CYB5R3 overexpression in transgenic mice.

Geroscience 2020 06 22;42(3):977-994. Epub 2020 Apr 22.

Departamento de Biología Celular, Fisiología e Inmunología, Campus de Excelencia Internacional Agroalimentario, ceiA3, Universidad de Córdoba, Campus de Rabanales, Edificio Severo Ochoa, 3ª planta, 14014, Córdoba, Spain.

Calorie restriction without malnutrition (CR) is considered as the most effective nongenetic nor pharmacological intervention that promotes healthy aging phenotypes and can extend lifespan in most model organisms. Lifelong CR leads to an increase of cytochrome b reductase-3 (CYB5R3) expression and activity. Overexpression of CYB5R3 confers some of the salutary effects of CR, although the mechanisms involved might be independent because key aspects of energy metabolism and lipid profiles of tissues go in opposite ways. Read More

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A roadmap to build a phenotypic metric of ageing: insights from the Baltimore Longitudinal Study of Aging.

J Intern Med 2020 04 27;287(4):373-394. Epub 2020 Feb 27.

From the, Translational Gerontology Branch, National Institute on Aging, National Institutes of Health, Baltimore, MD, USA.

Over the past three decades, considerable effort has been dedicated to quantifying the pace of ageing yet identifying the most essential metrics of ageing remains challenging due to lack of comprehensive measurements and heterogeneity of the ageing processes. Most of the previously proposed metrics of ageing have been emerged from cross-sectional associations with chronological age and predictive accuracy of mortality, thus lacking a conceptual model of functional or phenotypic domains. Further, such models may be biased by selective attrition and are unable to address underlying biological constructs contributing to functional markers of age-related decline. Read More

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A toolbox for the longitudinal assessment of healthspan in aging mice.

Nat Protoc 2020 02 8;15(2):540-574. Epub 2020 Jan 8.

William S. Middleton Memorial Veterans Hospital, Madison, WI, USA.

The number of people aged over 65 is expected to double in the next 30 years. For many, living longer will mean spending more years with the burdens of chronic diseases such as Alzheimer's disease, cardiovascular disease, and diabetes. Although researchers have made rapid progress in developing geroprotective interventions that target mechanisms of aging and delay or prevent the onset of multiple concurrent age-related diseases, a lack of standardized techniques to assess healthspan in preclinical murine studies has resulted in reduced reproducibility and slow progress. Read More

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February 2020

() sp. nov. (Holothuriida, Holothuriidae), a new sea cucumber from the Eastern Pacific Ocean revealed by morphology and DNA barcoding.

Zookeys 2019 2;893:1-19. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Instituto de Investigaciones Marinas y Costeras - INVEMAR, Museo de Historia Natural Marina de Colombia (MHNMC) - Makuriwa, Calle 25 No. 2-55, Playa Salguero, Rodadero, Santa Marta, Colombia Museo de Historia Natural Marina de Colombia Santa Marta Colombia.

Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) viridiaurantia is described based on specimens from rocky reefs of northern Chocó in the Colombian Pacific Ocean; however, it also occurs along the Eastern Pacific Ocean from Mexico and Panama. Although specimens from Mexico and Panama were previously identified as Holothuria (Mertensiothuria) hilla Lesson, 1830 the new species is easily distinguished morphologically and via mtDNA. In terms of morphology, the species can be identified by its olive-green background and white-orange papillae and tentacles, larger tentacles with deep indentations and also by larger buttons on the dorsal and ventral body wall, papillae and tube feet; large, thick and rough tentacle rods, and the absence of ossicles in the longitudinal muscles. Read More

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December 2019

Evaluation of ulnar variance on wrist MR imaging: is it a reliable measure?

Skeletal Radiol 2020 May 5;49(5):723-730. Epub 2019 Dec 5.

Radiology Institute (INRAD), Hospital das Clínicas da Faculdade de Medicina da Universidade de São Paulo (HC/FMUSP), São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Objective: To determine if ulnar variance can be evaluated by magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and if this measure can be used as a reliable indicator when correlated to the gold standard technique, conventional radiography (CR).

Materials And Methods: From January to July 2018, the MR images of 64 participants, comprising 66 wrists (mean age 34.9 years; 33 females; 31 males), were obtained. Read More

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Effects of elevated carbon dioxide on the hematological parameters of a temperate catshark.

J Exp Zool A Ecol Integr Physiol 2020 02 3;333(2):126-132. Epub 2019 Dec 3.

MARE - Marine and Environmental Sciences Centre, Laboratório Marítimo da Guia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa, Avenida Nossa Senhora do Cabo, Cascais, Portugal.

Atmospheric CO levels have been rising due to an increase in anthropic activities and its implications over marine ecosystems are unprecedented. The present study focused on the effects of ocean acidification (OA) on key hematological parameters of the juvenile small-spotted catsharks (Scyliorhinus canicula). Eggs were reared throughout the entire embryogenesis (~4 months) plus 5 additional months, in two experimental treatments (control: pCO  ~ 400 μatm; and high CO : pCO  ~ 900 μatm, Δ -0. Read More

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February 2020

The first Ichneumonid fossil from the Early Pleistocene of Madeira Island (Portugal).

Zootaxa 2019 May 30;4612(3):zootaxa.4612.3.13. Epub 2019 May 30.

Departamento de Geologia, Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa and Instituto Dom Luiz (IDL), Laboratório Associado, Universidade de Lisboa, Campo Grande, 1749-016 Lisboa, Portugal Madeira Botanical Group (GBM), Faculdade de Ciências da Vida, Universidade da Madeira, Campus da Penteada, 9000-390 Funchal, Portugal.

In oceanic islands, well age-constrained deposits containing arthropod somatofossils (body fossils) are rare. However, when available, these are important for providing empirical and independent minimum ages for molecular phylogenetic dating and complementary data on taxonomy, evolution and palaeobiogeography information of the biological groups found as fossils. This is especially important for taxa that speciated within oceanic islands, many becoming single island endemics (SIE). Read More

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Alternate Day Fasting Improves Physiological and Molecular Markers of Aging in Healthy, Non-obese Humans.

Cell Metab 2019 09 27;30(3):462-476.e6. Epub 2019 Aug 27.

Division of Endocrinology and Diabetology, Department of Internal Medicine, Medical University of Graz, Austria; Center for Biomarker Research in Medicine (CBmed), Graz, Austria; HEALTH Institute for Biomedicine and Health Sciences, JOANNEUM RESEARCH Forschungsgesellschaft mbH, Neue Stiftingtalstraße 2, Graz, Austria.

Caloric restriction and intermittent fasting are known to prolong life- and healthspan in model organisms, while their effects on humans are less well studied. In a randomized controlled trial study (ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02673515), we show that 4 weeks of strict alternate day fasting (ADF) improved markers of general health in healthy, middle-aged humans while causing a 37% calorie reduction on average. Read More

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September 2019

Effects of a moderate-to-high intensity resistance circuit training on fat mass, functional capacity, muscular strength, and quality of life in elderly: A randomized controlled trial.

Sci Rep 2019 05 24;9(1):7830. Epub 2019 May 24.

Grupo de Investigación en Salud, Actividad Física, Fitness y Comportamiento Motor (GISAFFCOM), Faculty of Sport, Catholic University San Antonio of Murcia (UCAM), Murcia, Spain.

Physical exercise is considered an important intervention for promoting well-being and healthy aging. The objective was to determine the effects of moderate-to-high intensity resistance circuit training on different parameters of body composition, functional autonomy, muscular strength and quality of life in elderly. A randomized controlled trial was conducted. Read More

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Pomalidomide Reduces Ischemic Brain Injury in Rodents.

Cell Transplant 2019 04 16;28(4):439-450. Epub 2019 May 16.

1 The PhD Program for Neural Regenerative Medicine, College of Medical Science and Technology, Taipei Medical University, Taipei.

Stroke is a leading cause of death and severe disability worldwide. After cerebral ischemia, inflammation plays a central role in the development of permanent neurological damage. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are involved in the mechanism of post-ischemic inflammation. Read More

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Insular geckos provide experimental evidence on refuge selection priorities by ectotherms.

Behav Processes 2019 Jul 22;164:260-267. Epub 2019 Mar 22.

CIBIO Centro de Investigação em Biodiversidade e Recursos Genéticos, InBIO Laboratório Associado, Universidade do Porto, Campus de Vairão, Rua Padre Armando Quintas, 4485-661, Vairão, Portugal; FECM Faculdade de Engenharias e Ciências do Mar, Uni-CV Universidade de Cabo Verde, CP 163, Mindelo, São Vicente, Cabo Verde. Electronic address:

In small sedentary ectotherms, patterns of spatial use result from the interplay between multiple, often conflicting factors, including abiotic and biotic interactions. Evaluating the costs and benefits of these pressures is crucial to make correct behavioural decisions in terms of fitness. The insular São Vicente's wall gecko Tarentola substituta provides a relatively simple model system to study these questions as it inhabits arid rocky habitats where refuges are limited, density of conspecifics is high, and terrestrial predators are almost absent. Read More

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Body size and season influence elemental composition of tissues in ocean sunfish Mola mola juveniles.

Chemosphere 2019 May 12;223:714-722. Epub 2019 Feb 12.

Divisão de Oceanografia Ambiental e Bioprospecção, IPMA - Instituto Português do Mar e da Atmosfera, Av. Brasília, 1449-006, Lisboa, Portugal.

The effects of body size and season on the elemental composition of ocean sunfish Mola mola were assessed for the first time. A total of 57 by-caught juvenile specimens measuring between 31.8 and 120. Read More

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Performance and herbivory of the tropical topshell Trochus histrio under short-term temperature increase and high CO.

Mar Pollut Bull 2019 Jan 27;138:295-301. Epub 2018 Nov 27.

MARE - Centro de Ciencias do Mar e do Ambiente, Universidade de Coimbra, 3004-517 Coimbra, Portugal.

Within tropical environments, short-term impacts of increased seawater temperature and pCO on algae-herbivore interactions remain poorly understood. We investigated the isolated and combined 7-day effects of increased temperature (+4 °C) and pCO (~1000 μatm) on the trophic interaction Ulva sp./Trochus histrio, by assessing: i) topshells' survival and condition index; ii) grazer consumption rates, nutritional composition and interaction strength expressed as a dynamic index. Read More

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January 2019

Morphology, Morphogenesis and Molecular Phylogeny of a New Obligate Halophile Ciliate, Schmidtiella ultrahalophila gen. nov., spec. nov. (Ciliophora, Hypotrichia) Isolated from a Volcanic Crater on Sal (Cape Verde Islands).

J Eukaryot Microbiol 2019 09 8;66(5):694-706. Epub 2019 Feb 8.

Ecology Group, University of Technology Kaiserslautern, Kaiserslautern, 67663, Germany.

A new hypotrichous ciliate, Schmidtiella ultrahalophila gen. nov., spec. Read More

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September 2019

Fish oil and meal replacement in mullet (Mugil liza) diet with Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) and linseed oil.

Comp Biochem Physiol C Toxicol Pharmacol 2019 Apr 26;218:46-54. Epub 2018 Dec 26.

Instituto de Oceanografia (IO), Universidade Federal do Rio Grande - FURG, Rio Grande, Brazil; Laboratório de Nutrição de Organismos Aquáticos (LANOA), IO, Brazil; Programa de Pós-graduação em Aquicultura, FURG, Rio Grande, Brazil. Electronic address:

This research evaluated the effect of the simultaneous substitution of fish meal and fish oil at 0, 30, 50, 70 and 100% (termed SS0, SS30, SS50, SS70 and SS100, respectively) with both Spirulina (Arthrospira platensis) and linseed oil. The effect on growth, colour, fatty acid (FA) profile, and liver and muscle antioxidant response in mullets (Mugil liza) were evaluated. A full substitution was not possible due to a final body weight reduction (p < 0. Read More

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Comparing the Effects of Low-Protein and High-Carbohydrate Diets and Caloric Restriction on Brain Aging in Mice.

Cell Rep 2018 11;25(8):2234-2243.e6

Charles Perkins Centre, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia; Aging and Alzheimers Institute, ANZAC Research Institute, Centre for Education and Research on Ageing, Concord, NSW 2139, Australia. Electronic address:

Calorie restriction (CR) increases lifespan and improves brain health in mice. Ad libitum low-protein, high-carbohydrate (LPHC) diets also extend lifespan, but it is not known whether they are beneficial for brain health. We compared hippocampus biology and memory in mice subjected to 20% CR or provided ad libitum access to one of three LPHC diets or to a control diet. Read More

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November 2018