4,042 results match your criteria bob


Towards evidence-based medicine for paediatricians.

Authors:
Bob Phillips

Arch Dis Child 2021 Oct;106(10):1024

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York Alcuin College, York, UK

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October 2021

Cross-cultural investigation of COVID-19 related acute stress: A network analysis.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Sep 7;143:309-316. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Zurich, Binzmuehlestrasse 14/17, CH-8050 Zurich, Switzerland.

The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic has confronted humanity with an ongoing biopsychosocial stressor, imposing multifaceted challenges to individuals and societies. Particularly, the pandemic reflects an ongoing, potentially life-threatening danger to self and others, which may instigate acute stress symptoms (ASS). This study utilized a network framework to assess cross-national ASS a short time following the initial COVID-19 outbreak. Read More

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September 2021

Sporadic intra-abdominal desmoid tumor with a very unusual onset: two case reports.

J Med Case Rep 2021 Sep 16;15(1):457. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

Department of Digestive and Transplantation Surgery, Tokyo Medical University Hachioji Medical Center, 1163 Tatemachi, Hachioji, Tokyo, 193-0998, Japan.

Background: Intra-abdominal desmoid tumors are rare soft tissue tumors that arise mainly in the mesentery and pelvis. Their etiology may include genetic mutations, estrogen-associated changes after childbirth, and mechanical factors such as a history of abdominal surgery. However, there are cases of intra-abdominal desmoid tumors that develop in the absence of such causes. Read More

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September 2021

SPYing on triplet repeat expansions: Insights into FAN1-MLH1 interaction and regulation.

Authors:
Robert S Lahue

Cell Rep 2021 Sep;36(11):109736

Centre for Chromosome Biology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland; Galway Neuroscience Centre, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland. Electronic address:

The DNA repair proteins FAN1 and MLH1 have opposing effects on triplet repeat expansions. New studies by Goold et al. (2021) and Porro et al. Read More

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September 2021

Development of weight and age-based dosing of daily primaquine for radical cure of vivax malaria.

Malar J 2021 Sep 9;20(1):366. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Mahidol Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Faculty of Tropical Medicine, Mahidol University, 420/60 Rajvithi Road, Bangkok, 10400, Thailand.

Background: In many endemic areas, Plasmodium vivax malaria is predominantly a disease of young adults and children. International recommendations for radical cure recommend fixed target doses of 0.25 or 0. Read More

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September 2021

Theory-Based Social and Non-Social Engagement Features in Smoking Cessation Mobile Apps: A Content Analysis.

Authors:
Qinghua Yang

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Aug 29;18(17). Epub 2021 Aug 29.

Bob Schieffer College of Communication, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX 76129, USA.

Despite the ubiquity of smartphone ownership and the increasing integration of social engagement features in smoking cessation apps to engage users, the social and non-social engagement features that are present in current smoking cessation apps and the effectiveness of these features in engaging users remain understudied. To fill the gap in the literature, a content analysis of free and paid smoking cessation mobile apps was conducted to examine (a) the presence of social features (i.e. Read More

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Intraneural ganglion cyst of the common peroneal nerve causing foot drop in a 12-year old child.

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Aug 28;209:106915. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, Ziekenhuis Oost-Limburg, 3600 Genk, Belgium; Faculty of Medicine and Life Sciences, Hasselt University, 3500 Hasselt, Belgium. Electronic address:

Objectives: Intraneural ganglia are benign fluid-filled cysts contained within the subepineurial space of peripheral nerves. The common peroneal nerve at the fibular neck is by far the most frequently involved, although other nerves can be affected as well. Although the differential diagnosis of foot drop in adults and children show some differences, clinical presentation, diagnostic workup, treatment and follow-up of intraneural ganglia are quite similar in both groups. Read More

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Advances in AAC intervention: some contributions related to applied behavior analysis.

Augment Altern Commun 2021 Sep 9:1-11. Epub 2021 Sep 9.

Department of Special Education, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, USA.

This article extends Dr. Bob Remington's call for collaborations between those supporting behavioral approaches and those supporting more natural developmental approaches to beginning communication intervention. This article expands areas previously discussed by Dr. Read More

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September 2021

Caffeine-based flavor preference conditioning in the rat.

Learn Behav 2021 Sep 7. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

School of Psychology, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2006, Australia.

The massive consumption of caffeine-containing beverages has prompted many studies involving human participants that have obtained caffeine-based increases in liking for a flavor. However, few studies have succeeded in obtaining caffeine-based flavor preference learning in rats. The main aim of the present study was to examine the conditions under which such learning can be detected. Read More

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September 2021

A dual kisspeptin-GnRH immunogen for reproductive immunosterilization.

Vaccine 2021 Sep 3. Epub 2021 Sep 3.

Centre for Neuroendocrinology, Department of Immunology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Pretoria, Gezina 0084, Pretoria, South Africa; Institute of Infectious Disease and Molecular Medicine, Department of Integrative Biomedical Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Observatory 7925, Cape Town, South Africa. Electronic address:

GnRH immunogens have been extensively employed in immunocontraception of animals. While they are effective, they are not 100% efficacious and of limited duration. GnRH secretion is dependent on upstream stimulation by kisspeptin. Read More

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September 2021

Public attitudes to, and behaviours taken during, hot weather by vulnerable groups: results from a national survey in England.

BMC Public Health 2021 09 6;21(1):1631. Epub 2021 Sep 6.

Policy Innovation & Evaluation Research Unit, Department of Health Services Research & Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, WC1H 9SH, UK.

Background: Hot weather leads to increased illness and deaths. The Heatwave Plan for England (HWP) aims to protect the population by raising awareness of the dangers of hot weather, especially for those most vulnerable. Individuals at increased risk to the effects of heat include older adults, particularly 75+, and those with specific chronic conditions, such as diabetes, respiratory and heart conditions. Read More

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September 2021

Child Maltreatment During COVID-19: Key Conclusions and Future Directions Based on a Systematic Literature Review.

Trauma Violence Abuse 2021 Sep 7:15248380211043818. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a far-ranging impact. As societies struggled to minimize infection, questions arose regarding the consequences for children. Initial research reported the urgent need for child protective services worldwide to adapt existing policies and practices to protect children from maltreatment during this time, which is the rationale for the current systematic literature review. Read More

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September 2021

The Role of Information Avoidance in Managing Uncertainty from Conflicting Recommendations about Electronic Cigarettes.

Commun Monogr 2021 2;88(3):263-285. Epub 2020 Sep 2.

Annenberg School for Communication, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

Insufficient scientific evidence about electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) has led to conflicting recommendations (CRs) by credible scientific organizations, creating a public health debate that could prove especially difficult to reconcile as current and former smokers make decisions about whether to use e-cigarettes. To investigate how CRs about e-cigarettes may affect intentions to engage in healthy behaviors, 717 former and current smokers were randomly exposed to one of five conditions (varying in the level of conflict in recommendations) in this between-subject experiment. Our results indicated a significant interaction between the message level of conflict and individuals' information avoidance, employed to maintain hope and deniability. Read More

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September 2020

Bob Scholes: Multifaceted scientist with a genius for synthesis.

Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2021 Sep;118(36)

Department of Earth System Science, Stanford University, Stanford, CA 94305

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September 2021

Prospective effects of PTSD and attachment on subjective age among veterans and their wives.

Psychol Aging 2021 Sep 2. Epub 2021 Sep 2.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work.

The goal of the present study was to assess the trauma-induced experience of subjective aging for trauma survivors and their spouses in relation to the bidirectional effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and attachment insecurities. One hundred and seventy Israeli combat veterans from the 1973 Yom Kippur War and their wives reported their subjective age (SA), 35 and 42 years after the war (T1, T2). We conducted actor-partner interdependence cross-lagged models between spouses' SA and examined the associations between T1 PTSD, T1 attachment anxiety and avoidance, and spouses' T2 SA, while controlling for chronological age. Read More

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September 2021

Routine in-person post-operative follow-up for uncomplicated laparoscopic appendectomy does not change management.

Surg Endosc 2021 Sep 1. Epub 2021 Sep 1.

Department of Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Dr., San Diego, CA, 92134, USA.

Introduction: Eliminating points in the continuum of care that do not change management is a safe strategy for cost containment and workflow efficiency in health systems. As a process improvement initiative, we sought to identify whether routine, outpatient follow-up changes management in laparoscopic appendectomy in a military hospital.

Methods: We performed a retrospective chart review of adult patients undergoing laparoscopic appendectomy during a one-year period. Read More

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September 2021

, , ASSOСIATION BETWEEN VITAMIN D STATUS AND METABOLIC DISORDERS IN PREMENOPAUSAL WOMEN WITH AUTOIMMUNE HYPOTHYROID DISEASE.

Wiad Lek 2021 ;74(7):1612-1616

HORBACHEVSKY TERNOPIL NATIONAL MEDICAL UNIVERSITY, TERNOPIL, UKRAINE.

Objective: The aim: Is to establish a relationship between serum vitamin D level with carbohydrate and lipid indexes in women with autoimmune hypothyroid disease.

Patients And Methods: Materials and methods: 146 women with autoimmune hypothyroid disease were examined in the period 2017-2019, who signed the informed consent. The mean age of women was 43. Read More

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September 2021

Epidemiology of scoliosis in cerebral palsy: A population-based study at skeletal maturity.

J Paediatr Child Health 2021 Aug 28. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Orthopaedic Department, The Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Aim: This study investigated the prevalence of scoliosis in a large, population-based cohort of individuals with cerebral palsy (CP) at skeletal maturity to identify associated risk factors that may inform scoliosis surveillance.

Methods: Young people with CP born between 1990 and 1992 were reviewed through routine orthopaedic review or a transition clinic. Classification of CP was recorded by movement disorder, distribution, gross and fine motor function. Read More

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Endocrinology in the Time of COVID-19: A Rapid Evolution of Knowledge and Care.

Medicina (Kaunas) 2021 Aug 6;57(8). Epub 2021 Aug 6.

Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of South Carolina School of Medicine Columbia, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.

American singer-writer and visual artist Bob Dylan produced the song "The Times They Are a-Changin" in the 1960s, which became a rallying cry for the civil rights and anti-war movements in that decade [... Read More

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Cochlear Implant Research and Development in the Twenty-first Century: A Critical Update.

J Assoc Res Otolaryngol 2021 Aug 25. Epub 2021 Aug 25.

Cambridge Hearing Group, MRC Cognition & Brain Sciences Unit, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, CB2 7EF, UK.

Cochlear implants (CIs) are the world's most successful sensory prosthesis and have been the subject of intense research and development in recent decades. We critically review the progress in CI research, and its success in improving patient outcomes, from the turn of the century to the present day. The review focuses on the processing, stimulation, and audiological methods that have been used to try to improve speech perception by human CI listeners, and on fundamental new insights in the response of the auditory system to electrical stimulation. Read More

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Association of Prenatal Exposure to Maternal Drinking and Smoking With the Risk of Stillbirth.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Aug 2;4(8):e2121726. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Pathology, Boston Children's Hospital, Harvard School of Medicine, Boston, Massachusetts.

Importance: Prenatal smoking is a known modifiable risk factor for stillbirth; however, the contribution of prenatal drinking or the combination of smoking and drinking is uncertain.

Objective: To examine whether prenatal exposure to alcohol and tobacco cigarettes is associated with the risk of stillbirth.

Design, Setting, And Participants: The Safe Passage Study was a longitudinal, prospective cohort study with data collection conducted between August 1, 2007, and January 31, 2015. Read More

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Sex-related risk of heart failure in suspected or known coronary artery disease: adding a piece to the puzzle.

Eur J Prev Cardiol 2021 Aug 20. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Norwich Medical School and University of East Anglia, Bob Champion Research and Education, Colney Lane, Norwich NR4 7UQ, UK.

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Towards evidence-based medicine for paediatricians.

Authors:
Bob Phillips

Arch Dis Child 2021 Sep;106(9):923

Centre for Reviews and Dissemination, University of York Alcuin College, York, UK

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September 2021

The Role of Personal Risk Experience-An Investigation of Health and Terrorism Risk Perception in Germany and Israel.

Risk Anal 2021 Aug 17. Epub 2021 Aug 17.

Psychological Assessment & Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Konstanz, Germany.

The present study examined the relationship between risk experience and risk perceptions in relation to the target (risk to the self vs. others) and for two different types of risk: acute risks (i.e. Read More

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Effect of psychosocial trauma and stress on sexual dysfunction in women with endometriosis.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Aug;100(31):e26836

Department of Psychiatry, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Endometrial tissue plays an important role in the regulation of female fertility and there is evidence that endometrial pathology (including endometriosis) is closely related to endocrine disorders. On the other hand, various neuroendocrine changes can be significantly affected by psychosocial stress. In connection with these findings, we tested the relationship between neuroendocrine changes, sexual dysfunction, psychosocial/traumatic stress, and dissociative symptoms in women with endometriosis. Read More

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The shielding effect of not responding: Peritraumatic responses to child abuse and their links to posttraumatic symptomatology.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Nov 13;121:105224. Epub 2021 Aug 13.

Department of Psychology, Stanford University, CA, United States of America.

Background: Extensive literature focuses on peritraumatic responses to trauma and their link to subsequent posttraumatic symptomatology. However, although posttraumatic symptomatology following child abuse (CA) has been documented, research on peritraumatic responses to CA is sparse.

Objective: The current study utilizes a new typology of peritraumatic responses to CA and tests whether automatic and behavioral peritraumatic responses to CA differ in their long-term implications for posttraumatic symptomatology, i. Read More

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November 2021

"It burns her more than it burns for me": The sibling subsystem in the context of child physical abuse as portrayed by children during forensic interviews.

Child Abuse Negl 2021 Oct 12;120:105251. Epub 2021 Aug 12.

Bob Shapell School of Social Work, Tel-Aviv University, Israel.

Background: The sibling subsystem is a central and potentially protective factor for children. Nevertheless, in the context of child abuse, it remains surprisingly understudied.

Objective: The current study was designed to examine how children referred to a forensic interview following suspected physical abuse experienced and perceived the sibling subsystem. Read More

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October 2021

Engineering an Interfacial Facet of S-Scheme Heterojunction for Improved Photocatalytic Hydrogen Evolution by Modulating the Internal Electric Field.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Aug 11;13(33):39491-39500. Epub 2021 Aug 11.

Key Laboratory of the Ministry of Education for Advanced Catalysis Materials, College of Chemistry and Life Sciences, Zhejiang Normal University, Jinhua, Zhejiang 321004, P. R. China.

Constructing a step-scheme (S-scheme) heterojunction represents a promising route to overcome the drawbacks of single-component and traditional heterostructured photocatalysts by simultaneously broadening the optical response range and optimizing the redox ability of the photocatalytic system, the efficiency of which greatly lies in the separation behaviors of photogenerated charge carriers with strong redox capabilities. Herein, we demonstrate interfacial facet engineering as an effective strategy to manipulate the charge transfer and separation for substantially improving the photocatalytic activities of S-scheme heterojunctions. The facet engineering is performed with the growth of ZnInS on (010) and (001) facet-dominated BiOBr nanosheets to fabricate ZIS/BOB-(010) and ZIS/BOB-(001) S-scheme heterojunctions, respectively. Read More

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Relationship of molecular breeding value for beef tenderness with heifer traits through weaning of their first calf.

Theriogenology 2021 Oct 31;173:128-132. Epub 2021 Jul 31.

USDA, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Meat Animal Research Center, Clay Center, NE 68933-0166, United States.

Polymorphisms in μ-calpain (CAPN1) that beneficially associate with beef tenderness are reported to antagonistically associate with calving day in beef heifers and post-partum interval to estrus in beef cows. We, therefore, hypothesized that a molecular breeding value for slice shear force, calculated based on CAPN1 and calpastatin (CAST) genotypes, would demonstrate an antagonistic relationship between genomically predicted slice shear force and ordinal calving date in replacement beef heifers. A secondary objective of this study was to evaluate the association of a polymorphism in diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase (DGAT1) with reproductive traits in beef heifers. Read More

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October 2021

Investigating the "Weekend Effect" on Outcomes of Patients Undergoing Endovascular Mechanical Thrombectomy for Ischemic Stroke.

J Stroke Cerebrovasc Dis 2021 Aug 7;30(10):106013. Epub 2021 Aug 7.

Department of Neurology, Clinical Neurosciences Center, University of Utah, 175 N. Medical Drive East, Salt Lake City, UT 84132, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: With growing evidence of its efficacy for patients with large-vessel occlusion (LVO) ischemic stroke, the use of endovascular thrombectomy (EVT) has increased. The "weekend effect," whereby patients presenting during weekends/off hours have worse clinical outcomes than those presenting during normal working hours, is a critical area of study in acute ischemic stroke (AIS). Our objective was to evaluate whether a "weekend effect" exists in patients undergoing EVT. Read More

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