11,110 results match your criteria bnp 2 min

Programming by Methyl Donor Deficiency during Pregnancy and Lactation Produces Cardiomyopathy in Adult Rats Subjected to High Fat Diet.

Mol Nutr Food Res 2021 May 15:e2100065. Epub 2021 May 15.

UMR Inserm 1256 N-GERE (Nutrition, Génetique et Exposition aux Risques Environmentaux), Université de Lorraine, Vandoeuvre-lès-Nancy, 54500, France.

Scope: Vitamin B12 and folate (methyl donors) deficiency is frequent during pregnancy. Experimental rat models with methyl donor deficit during pregnancy and lactation (defined as initial, iMDD) produce impaired myocardium fatty acid oxidation and mitochondrial energy metabolism at weaning.

Methods And Results: We investigated the consequences of iMDD on heart of rat pups under normal diet after weaning and high fat diet (HF) between day (D) 50 and D185. Read More

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Zeolite-iron oxide nanocomposite from fly ash formed a 'clubbell' structure: integration of cardiac biocapture macromolecules in serum on microelectrodes.

Mikrochim Acta 2021 May 15;188(6):187. Epub 2021 May 15.

Department of Cardiac Surgery, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Shandong, 250021, Jinan, China.

A new zeolite-iron oxide nanocomposite (ZEO-IO) was extracted from waste fly ash of a thermal power plant and utilized for capturing aptamers used to quantify the myocardial infarction (MI) biomarker N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP); this was used in a probe with an integrated microelectrode sensor. High-resolution microscopy revealed that ZEO-IO displayed a clubbell structure and a particle size range of 100-200 nm. Energy-dispersive X-ray spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirmed the presence of Si, Al, Fe, and O in the synthesized ZEO-IO. Read More

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aFGF Targeted Mediated by Novel Nanoparticles-Microbubble Complex Combined With Ultrasound-Targeted Microbubble Destruction attenuates Doxorubicin-Induced Heart Failure via Anti-Apoptosis and Promoting Cardiac Angiogenesis.

Front Pharmacol 2021 27;12:607785. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Henan International Joint Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Drug Intervention, Xinxiang, China.

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the protective effect of acidic fibroblast growth factor targeted mediated by novel nanoparticles-cationic lipid microbubbles complex (aFGF-NP + CPMBs) combined with ultrasound targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD)on doxorubicin-induced heart failure (HF)and its mechanism. Heart failure rats induced by intraperitoneal injection with doxorubicin (DOX) to achieve cummulative dose of 15mg/kg for continuous 6 weeks showed left ventricular dysfunction, seriously oxidative stress, cardiomyocyte apoptosis, and decrease of myocardial vascular density. In contrast, aFGF-NP + CPMBs combined with UTMD therapy (3ug/kg, caudal vein injection, twice a week, 6weeks)prominently ameliorated left ventricular dysfunction by increased ejection fraction (EF) and fractional shortening (FS), decreased brain natriuretic peptide (BNP); strengthened the ability of antioxidant stress confirmed by increasing the activity of SOD and reducing the production of MDA; exerted the effect of anti-cardiomyocyte apoptosis and promotion angiogenesis by inhibited Bax expression and increased Bcl-2 expression and platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (CD31) expression. Read More

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Circular RNA circACSL1 aggravated myocardial inflammation and myocardial injury by sponging miR-8055 and regulating MAPK14 expression.

Cell Death Dis 2021 May 13;12(5):487. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Pediatrics, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan, Shandong,, 250021, China.

Myocarditis (MC) is a common, potentially life-threatening inflammatory disease of the myocardium. A growing body of evidence has shown that mitogen-activated protein kinase 14 (MAPK14) participates in the pathogenesis of MC. However, the upstream regulators of MAPK14 remain enigmatic. Read More

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Haemodynamic effects of PAH-targeted therapies in pulmonary hypertension due to lung disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Pulm Pharmacol Ther 2021 May 9:102036. Epub 2021 May 9.

Department of Cardiology, AHEPA University Hospital, Thessaloniki, Greece. Electronic address:

Background: Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is a negative predictor in patients with lung disease and/or hypoxia (group 3 PH). Current guidelines do not endorse the use of targeted therapies for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in patients with group 3 PH, due to lack of strong evidence. However, a variety of studies have examined the effect of PAH-targeted therapies in group 3 PH with mixed methods and conflicting results. Read More

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Impact of One Versus Two Consecutive Doses of Endothelial Cells (EPCs) and EPCs-Derived Condition Medium on Protecting Myocardium from Acute Ischemia-Reperfusion Injury in Rat.

Cell Transplant 2021 Jan-Dec;30:9636897211007049

Department of Cardiology, The First Affiliated Hospital, Jinan University, Guangzhou, China.

This study tested the impact of single dose and two doses of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) and EPCs-derived condition medium (CM) on protecting the left-ventricular myocardium (LVM) from acute ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. In vitro study showed EPCs and CM had comparably higher capacity for enhancement of angiogenesis as compared with the controls (all < .001). Read More

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Blood-Based Cardiac Biomarkers and the Risk of Cognitive Decline, Cerebrovascular Disease, and Clinical Events.

Stroke 2021 May 11:STROKEAHA120032571. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pharmacology, National University of Singapore. (M.K.P.L., C.C., S.H.).

Background And Purpose: Cardiac biomarkers, NT-proBNP (N-terminal probrain natriuretic peptide), hs-cTnT (high-sensitivity-cardiac troponin T), and GDF-15 (growth differentiation factor-15) have been proposed as important biomarkers of early vascular pathology. However, little is known of the longitudinal associations of these cardiac biomarkers with cerebrovascular disease and clinical events. We examine the association of blood-based cardiac biomarkers (NT-proBNP, hs-cTnT, and GDF-15) with cognitive decline, incident cerebrovascular disease, vascular events, and mortality. Read More

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Myocardial extracellular volume fraction quantitation using cardiac dual-energy CT with late iodine enhancement in patients with heart failure without coronary artery disease: A single-center prospective study.

Eur J Radiol 2021 May 1;140:109743. Epub 2021 May 1.

Department of Radiology, First Affiliated Hospital of Soochow University, Shizi Street No.188, Suzhou, 215002, China; Institute of Medical Imaging, Soochow University, Shizi Street No.188, Suzhou, 215002, China. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the relationship between myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) fraction measured using dual-energy computed tomography with late iodine enhancement (LIE-DECT) and risk of heart failure (HF) in patients without coronary artery disease (CAD), and to evaluate the relationship between ECV and left ventricular structure and function.

Materials And Methods: Sixty consecutive HF patients without CAD and 60 consecutive participants without heart disease who underwent coronary CT angiography (CCTA) following LIE-DECT were included. ECV of the left ventricle was calculated from the iodine maps and hematocrit levels using the American Heart Association (AHA) 16-segment model. Read More

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CNP regulates cardiac contractility and increases cGMP near both SERCA and TnI - difference from BNP visualized by targeted cGMP biosensors.

Cardiovasc Res 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo and Oslo University Hospital, P.O.Box 1057 Blindern, 0316 Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Guanylyl cyclase-B (GC-B; natriuretic peptide receptor-B, NPR-B) stimulation by C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP) increases cGMP and causes a lusitropic and negative inotropic response in adult myocardium. These effects are not mimicked by NPR-A (GC-A) stimulation by brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), despite similar cGMP increase. More refined methods are needed to better understand the mechanisms of the differential cGMP signaling and compartmentation. Read More

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Mechanism of and Ameliorates Hypertensive Renal Damage.

Biomed Res Int 2021 21;2021:5598351. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Nephrology, Affiliated Hospital of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Jinan 250011, China.

Hypertensive-induced renal damage (HRD) is an important public health and socioeconomic problem worldwide. The herb pair - (RA-) (RS) is a common prescribed herbal formula for the treatment of HRD. However, the underlying mechanisms are unclear. Read More

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Effectiveness and safety of ivabradine in the treatment of acute myocardial infarction: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Apr;10(4):4523-4531

Department of Internal Medicine, Danzhou People's Hospital, Danzhou, China.

Background: Cardiovascular diseases have become a prominent threat to public health and quality of life. In recent years, some studies have reported that ivabradine can improve the cardiac function and prognosis of patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI).

Methods: We searched China National Knowledge Infrastructure (CNKI), Wanfang database, Chinese Biomedical Literature (CBM), Chongqing Weipu Chinese Sci-tech Journal Database (VIP), PubMed, Cochrane Library, and EMBASE for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of ivabradine in the treatment of AMI from January 1980 until December 2020. Read More

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Plasma adrenomedullin level and year-by-year variability of body mass index in the general population.

Peptides 2021 May 5;142:170567. Epub 2021 May 5.

Frontier Science Research Center, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Kiyotake, Miyazaki, 889-1692, Japan.

Plasma levels of the hypotensive peptides of adrenomedullin and atrial and B-type natriuretic peptides (AM, ANP, BNP) are possible biomarkers for cardiovascular diseases. Increased variability of body mass index (BMI) over a certain period of time has been reported to be associated with cardiovascular morbidity or mortality. The aim of this study is to examine clinical significance of those hypotensive peptides as biomarkers by analyzing the relationship between plasma levels of the peptides and year-by-year variability of BMI in the general population without overt cardiovascular diseases. Read More

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Selective HDAC8 Inhibition Attenuates Isoproterenol-Induced Cardiac Hypertrophy and Fibrosis via p38 MAPK Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:677757. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Heart Research Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) expression and enzymatic activity are dysregulated in cardiovascular diseases. Among Class I HDACs, HDAC2 has been reported to play a key role in cardiac hypertrophy; however, the exact function of HDAC8 remains unknown. Here we investigated the role of HDAC8 in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis using the isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy model system. Read More

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Chronobiology of Natriuretic Peptides and Blood Pressure in Lean and Obese Individuals.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 May;77(18):2291-2303

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA; Section of Cardiology, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Diurnal variation of natriuretic peptide (NP) levels and its relationship with 24-h blood pressure (BP) rhythm has not been established. Obese individuals have a relative NP deficiency and disturbed BP rhythmicity.

Objectives: This clinical trial evaluated the diurnal rhythmicity of NPs (B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP], mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide [MR-proANP], N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) and the relationship of NP rhythm with 24-h BP rhythm in healthy lean and obese individuals. Read More

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Clinical features and outcome of MIS-C patients: an experience from Central Anatolia.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pediatric Critical Care, Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

Background: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a new clinical condition characterized by signs of inflammation and multiorgan dysfunction due to cytokine storm associated with SARS-CoV-2. The clinical spectrum of MIS-C ranges from mild to severe, and even to mortal multisystem involvement. To guide clinicians, we evaluated detailed demographic characteristics, clinical features, laboratory findings, and outcomes of MIS-C cases. Read More

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Diuretic therapy as prognostic enrichment factor for clinical trials in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Clin Res Cardiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Université de Lorraine, Centre D'Investigations Cliniques-INSERM CHRU de Nancy, Institut Lorrain du Coeur Et Des Vaisseaux Louis Mathieu, 4 rue du Morvan, 54500, Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, France.

Background: Loop diuretics are the mainstay of congestion treatment in patients with heart failure (HF). We assessed the association between baseline loop diuretic use and outcome. We also compared the increment in risk related to diuretic dose with conventional prognostic enrichment criteria used in the EMPHASIS-HF trial, which included patients with systolic HF and mild symptoms, such as prior hospitalization and elevated natriuretic peptides. Read More

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Clinical and Biomarker Profiles and Prognosis of Elderly Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) With Cardiovascular Diseases and/or Risk Factors.

Circ J 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Cardiovascular Biology and Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine.

Background: This study investigated the effects of age on the outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and on cardiac biomarker profiles, especially in patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or risk factors (CVDRF).Methods and Results:A nationwide multicenter retrospective study included 1,518 patients with COVID-19. Of these patients, 693 with underlying CVDRF were analyzed; patients were divided into age groups (<55, 55-64, 65-79, and ≥80 years) and in-hospital mortality and age-specific clinical and cardiac biomarker profiles on admission evaluated. Read More

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A prospective observational study of preoperative natriuretic peptide testing in adult non-cardiac surgical patients in hospitals in Western Cape Province, South Africa.

S Afr Med J 2021 03 31;111(4):338-342. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: International guidelines recommend risk stratification to identify high-risk non-cardiac surgical patients. It is also recommended that all patients aged ≥45 years with significant cardiovascular disease should have preoperative natriuretic peptide (NP) testing. Abnormal preoperative B-type NPs have a strong association with postoperative cardiac complications. Read More

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Safety and efficacy outcomes at 1 year after MitraClip therapy for percutaneous mitral valve repair in patients with severe mitral regurgitation: the Egyptian experience.

Egypt Heart J 2021 May 3;73(1):42. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt.

Background: Our aim was to assess safety and efficacy outcomes at 1 year after MitraClip for percutaneous mitral valve repair in patients with severe mitral regurgitation. Twenty consecutive patients with significant MR (GIII or GIV) were selected according to the AHA/ACC guidelines from June 2016 to June 2019 and underwent percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair using MitraClip with a whole 1 year follow-up following the procedure. The primary acute safety endpoint was a 30-day freedom from any of the major adverse events (MAEs) or rehospitalization for heart failure. Read More

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Resiniferatoxin reduces cardiac sympathetic nerve activation to exert a cardioprotective effect during myocardial infarction.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2021 15;14(4):408-416. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, Hubei Key Laboratory of Cardiology Wuhan 430000, People's Republic of China.

Background And Objective: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common critical disease of the cardiovascular system. The process of MI is often accompanied by the excessive activation of cardiac sympathetic nerves, which leads to arrhythmia. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), involved in the cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex. Read More

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Discovering of the L ligand impact on luminescence enhancement of Eu(Dibenzoylmethane).L complexes employing transient absorption spectroscopy.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Apr 20;258:119832. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Physics, Sofia University, 5 J. Bourchier Blvd., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria; John Atanasoff Center for Bio and Nano Photonics (JAC BNP), 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria.

The effect of luminescent enhancement under exchange of the auxiliary ligand in Europium(III) tris(1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedionato) monohydrate was investigated by steady-state and time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy. The excited state relaxation dynamics of this complex was analysed through a comparison of the experimental data obtained for several model compounds, namely Eu(DBM)·NH, Eu(DBM).EDA, Eu(DBM). Read More

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Predictive Value of Pro-BNP for Heart Failure Readmission after an Acute Coronary Syndrome.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 13;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Cardiology Department, Hospital Universitario de San Juan, 03550 Alicante, Spain.

Background: N-terminal pro-brain natural peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is a well-established biomarker of tissue congestion and has prognostic value in patients with heart failure (HF). Nonetheless, there is scarce evidence on its predictive capacity for HF re-admission after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We performed a prospective, single-center study in all patients discharged after an ACS. Read More

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Predictors of Brain Natriuretic Peptide Serum Level Elevation in Patients with Symptomatic Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Prospective Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 20;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, St Vinzenz Hospital Dinslaken, University of Duisburg-Essen, 46537 Dinslaken, Germany.

Background: Brain natriuretic peptide serum levels (BNP) on admission are frequently elevated in patients with symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) and predict unfavorable long-term functional outcomes. However, the reasons for these elevated levels remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to identify the predictors of BNP elevation. Read More

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The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Parental Anxiety and Attitudes. Follow-Up Data from the Polish Registry of Pulmonary Hypertension (BNP-PL).

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 12;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Pulmonary Circulation Centre, Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Medical College Jagiellonian University, John Paul II Hospital in Krakow, u. Pradnicka 80, 31-202 Krakow, Poland.

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted healthcare systems worldwide. Little is known about the impact of the pandemic on medical and psycho-social aspects of children with rare diseases such as pulmonary arterial hypertension and their parents. The study is based on children registered in The Database of Pulmonary Hypertension in the Polish Population and a parent-reported survey deployed during the first 6 months of the pandemic. Read More

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A Pilot Metabolomic Study on Myocardial Injury Caused by Chronic Alcohol Consumption-Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy.

Molecules 2021 Apr 9;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Forensic Pathology, School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University, No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang 110122, China.

Chronic alcohol consumption leads to myocardial injury, ventricle dilation, and cardiac dysfunction, which is defined as alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). To explore the induced myocardial injury and underlying mechanism of ACM, the Liber-DeCarli liquid diet was used to establish an animal model of ACM and histopathology, echocardiography, molecular biology, and metabolomics were employed. Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining revealed disordered myocardial structure and local fibrosis in the ACM group. Read More

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Increased Pentraxin 3 Levels Correlate With IVIG Responsiveness and Coronary Artery Aneurysm Formation in Kawasaki Disease.

Front Immunol 2021 12;12:624802. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Protein-protein Interaction Research, Institute for Advanced Medical Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a febrile disease of childhood characterized by systemic vasculitis that can lead to coronary artery lesions (CAL). This was a prospective cohort study to determine the levels of the pentraxin 3 (PTX3), soluble CD24-Subtype (Presepsin) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) in consecutive KD patients. From January 2013 to March 2015, all patients with KD admitted to Aichi Medical University Hospital who provided consent had their plasma saved before IVIG administration. Read More

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Serum Cardiac Biomarkers in Asymptomatic Hemodialysis Patients: Role of Soluble Suppression of Tumorigenicity-2.

Blood Purif 2021 Apr 28:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Renal Unit, Sant'Andrea University Hospital, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Cardiovascular events (CVE) remain the leading cause of mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The ability to assess the risk of short-term CVE is of great importance. Soluble suppression of tumorogenicity-2 (sST2) is a novel biomarker that better stratifies risk of CVE than troponins in patients with heart failure. Read More

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Evaluation of the Role of Routine Laboratory Biomarkers in COVID-19 Patients: Perspective from a Tertiary Care Hospital in India.

Indian J Clin Biochem 2021 Apr 23:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Biochemistry & Immunology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra India.

To evaluate the role of routine laboratory biomarkers like C Reactive Protein (CRP), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Interleukin 6 (IL6), Ferritin, Creatinine, Procalcitonin (PCT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Serum Albumin, Total Bilirubin (T Bil), High Sensitive Troponin I (hs troponin I), N Terminal-pro B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT proBNP), Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and Blood Gases in COVID 19 patients who are admitted with SARS CoV-2 positive test results by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT PCR) in Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital & Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, India. 100 individuals detected with COVID-19 belonging to the age group 12-83 years (median age 62 years) within the period of 1st March 2020 to 10th July 2020 were studied. The case group consisted of 72 males and 28 females. Read More

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A case of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children in a japanese boy: with discussion of cytokine profile.

Mod Rheumatol Case Rep 2021 Apr 27:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

The new disease concept of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which is a systemic inflammatory syndrome with multiple organ involvement after SARS-CoV2 infection, was established in 2020. MIS-C is common in Hispanic and black children in Europe and North America, with few reports in East Asians. A significant portion of patients with MIS-C develop Kawasaki disease (KD)-like symptoms. Read More

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Cardiac biomarkers in acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Intensive Care 2021 Apr 26;9(1):36. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Respiratory Research Unit, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Waikato Hospital, Pembroke Street, Hamilton, 3204, New Zealand.

Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the intensive care unit. Biochemical markers of cardiac dysfunction are associated with high mortality in many respiratory conditions. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the link between elevated biomarkers of cardiac dysfunction in ARDS and mortality. Read More

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