11,098 results match your criteria bnp

Selective HDAC8 Inhibition Attenuates Isoproterenol-Induced Cardiac Hypertrophy and Fibrosis via p38 MAPK Pathway.

Front Pharmacol 2021 20;12:677757. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Heart Research Center of Chonnam National University Hospital, Gwangju, Republic of Korea.

Histone deacetylase (HDAC) expression and enzymatic activity are dysregulated in cardiovascular diseases. Among Class I HDACs, HDAC2 has been reported to play a key role in cardiac hypertrophy; however, the exact function of HDAC8 remains unknown. Here we investigated the role of HDAC8 in cardiac hypertrophy and fibrosis using the isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy model system. Read More

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Chronobiology of Natriuretic Peptides and Blood Pressure in Lean and Obese Individuals.

J Am Coll Cardiol 2021 May;77(18):2291-2303

Division of Cardiovascular Disease, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, Alabama, USA; Section of Cardiology, Birmingham Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Birmingham, Alabama, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Diurnal variation of natriuretic peptide (NP) levels and its relationship with 24-h blood pressure (BP) rhythm has not been established. Obese individuals have a relative NP deficiency and disturbed BP rhythmicity.

Objectives: This clinical trial evaluated the diurnal rhythmicity of NPs (B-type natriuretic peptide [BNP], mid-regional pro-atrial natriuretic peptide [MR-proANP], N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide [NT-proBNP]) and the relationship of NP rhythm with 24-h BP rhythm in healthy lean and obese individuals. Read More

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Clinical features and outcome of MIS-C patients: an experience from Central Anatolia.

Clin Rheumatol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pediatric Critical Care, Selcuk University Faculty of Medicine, Konya, Turkey.

Background: Multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C) is a new clinical condition characterized by signs of inflammation and multiorgan dysfunction due to cytokine storm associated with SARS-CoV-2. The clinical spectrum of MIS-C ranges from mild to severe, and even to mortal multisystem involvement. To guide clinicians, we evaluated detailed demographic characteristics, clinical features, laboratory findings, and outcomes of MIS-C cases. Read More

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Diuretic therapy as prognostic enrichment factor for clinical trials in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Clin Res Cardiol 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Université de Lorraine, Centre D'Investigations Cliniques-INSERM CHRU de Nancy, Institut Lorrain du Coeur Et Des Vaisseaux Louis Mathieu, 4 rue du Morvan, 54500, Vandoeuvre lès Nancy, France.

Background: Loop diuretics are the mainstay of congestion treatment in patients with heart failure (HF). We assessed the association between baseline loop diuretic use and outcome. We also compared the increment in risk related to diuretic dose with conventional prognostic enrichment criteria used in the EMPHASIS-HF trial, which included patients with systolic HF and mild symptoms, such as prior hospitalization and elevated natriuretic peptides. Read More

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Clinical and Biomarker Profiles and Prognosis of Elderly Patients With Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) With Cardiovascular Diseases and/or Risk Factors.

Circ J 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Department of Cardiovascular Biology and Medicine, Juntendo University Graduate School of Medicine.

Background: This study investigated the effects of age on the outcomes of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and on cardiac biomarker profiles, especially in patients with cardiovascular diseases and/or risk factors (CVDRF).Methods and Results:A nationwide multicenter retrospective study included 1,518 patients with COVID-19. Of these patients, 693 with underlying CVDRF were analyzed; patients were divided into age groups (<55, 55-64, 65-79, and ≥80 years) and in-hospital mortality and age-specific clinical and cardiac biomarker profiles on admission evaluated. Read More

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A prospective observational study of preoperative natriuretic peptide testing in adult non-cardiac surgical patients in hospitals in Western Cape Province, South Africa.

S Afr Med J 2021 03 31;111(4):338-342. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Anaesthesia and Perioperative Medicine, Groote Schuur Hospital and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: International guidelines recommend risk stratification to identify high-risk non-cardiac surgical patients. It is also recommended that all patients aged ≥45 years with significant cardiovascular disease should have preoperative natriuretic peptide (NP) testing. Abnormal preoperative B-type NPs have a strong association with postoperative cardiac complications. Read More

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Safety and efficacy outcomes at 1 year after MitraClip therapy for percutaneous mitral valve repair in patients with severe mitral regurgitation: the Egyptian experience.

Egypt Heart J 2021 May 3;73(1):42. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Cardiology, Faculty of Medicine, Zagazig University, Zagazig, 44519, Egypt.

Background: Our aim was to assess safety and efficacy outcomes at 1 year after MitraClip for percutaneous mitral valve repair in patients with severe mitral regurgitation. Twenty consecutive patients with significant MR (GIII or GIV) were selected according to the AHA/ACC guidelines from June 2016 to June 2019 and underwent percutaneous edge-to-edge mitral valve repair using MitraClip with a whole 1 year follow-up following the procedure. The primary acute safety endpoint was a 30-day freedom from any of the major adverse events (MAEs) or rehospitalization for heart failure. Read More

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Resiniferatoxin reduces cardiac sympathetic nerve activation to exert a cardioprotective effect during myocardial infarction.

Int J Clin Exp Pathol 2021 15;14(4):408-416. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Cardiology, Renmin Hospital of Wuhan University, Cardiovascular Research Institute of Wuhan University, Hubei Key Laboratory of Cardiology Wuhan 430000, People's Republic of China.

Background And Objective: Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common critical disease of the cardiovascular system. The process of MI is often accompanied by the excessive activation of cardiac sympathetic nerves, which leads to arrhythmia. Resiniferatoxin (RTX) is a transient receptor potential vanilloid 1 (TRPV1), involved in the cardiac sympathetic afferent reflex. Read More

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Discovering of the L ligand impact on luminescence enhancement of Eu(Dibenzoylmethane).L complexes employing transient absorption spectroscopy.

Spectrochim Acta A Mol Biomol Spectrosc 2021 Apr 20;258:119832. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Physics, Sofia University, 5 J. Bourchier Blvd., 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria; John Atanasoff Center for Bio and Nano Photonics (JAC BNP), 1164 Sofia, Bulgaria.

The effect of luminescent enhancement under exchange of the auxiliary ligand in Europium(III) tris(1,3-diphenyl-1,3-propanedionato) monohydrate was investigated by steady-state and time-resolved transient absorption spectroscopy. The excited state relaxation dynamics of this complex was analysed through a comparison of the experimental data obtained for several model compounds, namely Eu(DBM)·NH, Eu(DBM).EDA, Eu(DBM). Read More

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Predictive Value of Pro-BNP for Heart Failure Readmission after an Acute Coronary Syndrome.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 13;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Cardiology Department, Hospital Universitario de San Juan, 03550 Alicante, Spain.

Background: N-terminal pro-brain natural peptide (NT-pro-BNP) is a well-established biomarker of tissue congestion and has prognostic value in patients with heart failure (HF). Nonetheless, there is scarce evidence on its predictive capacity for HF re-admission after an acute coronary syndrome (ACS). We performed a prospective, single-center study in all patients discharged after an ACS. Read More

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Predictors of Brain Natriuretic Peptide Serum Level Elevation in Patients with Symptomatic Chronic Subdural Hematoma: A Prospective Study.

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 20;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Orthopedics and Trauma Surgery, St Vinzenz Hospital Dinslaken, University of Duisburg-Essen, 46537 Dinslaken, Germany.

Background: Brain natriuretic peptide serum levels (BNP) on admission are frequently elevated in patients with symptomatic chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) and predict unfavorable long-term functional outcomes. However, the reasons for these elevated levels remain unclear. Therefore, we aimed to identify the predictors of BNP elevation. Read More

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The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Children with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension. Parental Anxiety and Attitudes. Follow-Up Data from the Polish Registry of Pulmonary Hypertension (BNP-PL).

J Clin Med 2021 Apr 12;10(8). Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Pulmonary Circulation Centre, Department of Cardiac and Vascular Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, Medical College Jagiellonian University, John Paul II Hospital in Krakow, u. Pradnicka 80, 31-202 Krakow, Poland.

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted healthcare systems worldwide. Little is known about the impact of the pandemic on medical and psycho-social aspects of children with rare diseases such as pulmonary arterial hypertension and their parents. The study is based on children registered in The Database of Pulmonary Hypertension in the Polish Population and a parent-reported survey deployed during the first 6 months of the pandemic. Read More

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A Pilot Metabolomic Study on Myocardial Injury Caused by Chronic Alcohol Consumption-Alcoholic Cardiomyopathy.

Molecules 2021 Apr 9;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Department of Forensic Pathology, School of Forensic Medicine, China Medical University, No. 77 Puhe Road, Shenyang North New Area, Shenyang 110122, China.

Chronic alcohol consumption leads to myocardial injury, ventricle dilation, and cardiac dysfunction, which is defined as alcoholic cardiomyopathy (ACM). To explore the induced myocardial injury and underlying mechanism of ACM, the Liber-DeCarli liquid diet was used to establish an animal model of ACM and histopathology, echocardiography, molecular biology, and metabolomics were employed. Hematoxylin-eosin and Masson's trichrome staining revealed disordered myocardial structure and local fibrosis in the ACM group. Read More

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Increased Pentraxin 3 Levels Correlate With IVIG Responsiveness and Coronary Artery Aneurysm Formation in Kawasaki Disease.

Front Immunol 2021 12;12:624802. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Protein-protein Interaction Research, Institute for Advanced Medical Sciences, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Kawasaki disease (KD) is a febrile disease of childhood characterized by systemic vasculitis that can lead to coronary artery lesions (CAL). This was a prospective cohort study to determine the levels of the pentraxin 3 (PTX3), soluble CD24-Subtype (Presepsin) and N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-pro BNP) in consecutive KD patients. From January 2013 to March 2015, all patients with KD admitted to Aichi Medical University Hospital who provided consent had their plasma saved before IVIG administration. Read More

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Serum Cardiac Biomarkers in Asymptomatic Hemodialysis Patients: Role of Soluble Suppression of Tumorigenicity-2.

Blood Purif 2021 Apr 28:1-8. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Clinical and Molecular Medicine, Renal Unit, Sant'Andrea University Hospital, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Rome, Italy.

Introduction: Cardiovascular events (CVE) remain the leading cause of mortality in hemodialysis (HD) patients. The ability to assess the risk of short-term CVE is of great importance. Soluble suppression of tumorogenicity-2 (sST2) is a novel biomarker that better stratifies risk of CVE than troponins in patients with heart failure. Read More

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Evaluation of the Role of Routine Laboratory Biomarkers in COVID-19 Patients: Perspective from a Tertiary Care Hospital in India.

Indian J Clin Biochem 2021 Apr 23:1-12. Epub 2021 Apr 23.

Department of Biochemistry & Immunology, Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital and Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, Maharashtra India.

To evaluate the role of routine laboratory biomarkers like C Reactive Protein (CRP), Lactate Dehydrogenase (LDH), Interleukin 6 (IL6), Ferritin, Creatinine, Procalcitonin (PCT), Aspartate aminotransferase (AST), Alanine aminotransferase (ALT), Serum Albumin, Total Bilirubin (T Bil), High Sensitive Troponin I (hs troponin I), N Terminal-pro B-type Natriuretic Peptide (NT proBNP), Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) and Blood Gases in COVID 19 patients who are admitted with SARS CoV-2 positive test results by real-time reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (rRT PCR) in Kokilaben Dhirubhai Ambani Hospital & Medical Research Institute, Mumbai, India. 100 individuals detected with COVID-19 belonging to the age group 12-83 years (median age 62 years) within the period of 1st March 2020 to 10th July 2020 were studied. The case group consisted of 72 males and 28 females. Read More

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A case of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children in a japanese boy: with discussion of cytokine profile.

Mod Rheumatol Case Rep 2021 Apr 27:1-11. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Pediatrics, Graduate School of Medicine, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan.

The new disease concept of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children (MIS-C), which is a systemic inflammatory syndrome with multiple organ involvement after SARS-CoV2 infection, was established in 2020. MIS-C is common in Hispanic and black children in Europe and North America, with few reports in East Asians. A significant portion of patients with MIS-C develop Kawasaki disease (KD)-like symptoms. Read More

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Cardiac biomarkers in acute respiratory distress syndrome: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Intensive Care 2021 Apr 26;9(1):36. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Respiratory Research Unit, Department of Respiratory Medicine, Waikato Hospital, Pembroke Street, Hamilton, 3204, New Zealand.

Background: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the intensive care unit. Biochemical markers of cardiac dysfunction are associated with high mortality in many respiratory conditions. The aim of this systematic review is to examine the link between elevated biomarkers of cardiac dysfunction in ARDS and mortality. Read More

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Implications of cardiac markers in risk-stratification and management for COVID-19 patients.

Crit Care 2021 04 26;25(1):158. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular and Cerebrovascular Medicine, School of Pharmacy, Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China.

Background: COVID-19 has resulted in high mortality worldwide. Information regarding cardiac markers for precise risk-stratification is limited. We aim to discover sensitive and reliable early-warning biomarkers for optimizing management and improving the prognosis of COVID-19 patients. Read More

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Interleukin-1 blockade with RPH-104 in patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction: study design and rationale.

J Transl Med 2021 04 26;19(1):169. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Pauley Heart Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.

Background: Myocardial injury of ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) initiates an intense inflammatory response that contributes to further damage and is a predictor of increased risk of death or heart failure (HF). Interleukin-1 (IL-1) is a key mediator of local and systemic inflammatory response to myocardial damage. We postulate that the use of the drug RPH-104, which selectively binds and inactivates both α and β isoforms of IL-1 will lead to a decrease in the severity of the inflammatory response which will be reflected by decrease in the concentration of hsCRP, as well as the rate of fatal outcomes, frequency of new cases of HF, changes in levels of brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) and changes in structural and functional echocardiographic parameters. Read More

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Ellagic acid protects against diabetic cardiomyopathy in rats by stimulating cardiac silent information regulator 1 signaling.

J Physiol Pharmacol 2020 Dec 22;71(6). Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Food and Agricultural Science, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

This study investigated the protective effect of ellagic acid (EA) against diabetic cardiomyopathy (DC) in streptozotocin (STZ)-treated rats and examined if the mechanism of protection involves modulating silent information regulator 1 (SIRT1). Adult male rats were divided into 5 groups (n = 12/each) as control, control + EA, diabetes mellitus (DM), STZ + EA, and STZ + EA + EX-527 (a SIRT1 inhibitor). With a hypoglycemic and insulin-releasing effect, EA preserved cardiomyocyte structure and suppressed the increase in heart weights and collagen deposition in the left ventricle (LV) of DM rats. Read More

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December 2020

Circulating biomarkers to assess cardiovascular function in critically ill.

Curr Opin Crit Care 2021 Jun;27(3):261-268

Department of Intensive Care Medicine and Radboud Center for Infectious Diseases (RCI), Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, The Netherlands.

Purpose Of Review: Circulatory shock is one of the most common reasons for ICU admission. Mortality rates in excess of 40% necessitate the rapid identification of high-risk patients, as well as the early assessment of effects of initiated treatments. There is an unmet medical need for circulating biomarkers that may improve patient stratification, predict responses to treatment interventions and may even be a target for novel therapies, enabling a better biological rationale to personalize therapy. Read More

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A 33-year follow-up after valvular surgery for carcinoid heart disease.

Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Imaging 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Cardiothoracic Surgery and Anesthesiology, University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden.

Aims: Valvular surgery has improved long-term prognosis in severe carcinoid heart disease (CaHD). Experience is limited and uncertainty remains about predictors for survival and strategy regarding single vs. double-valve surgery. Read More

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5-Fluorouracil Induced Takotsubo Cardiomyopathy Complicated by Left Ventricular Thrombosis.

Cureus 2021 Mar 22;13(3):e14049. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Electrophysiology, Spectrum Health Medical Group, Grand Rapids, USA.

A 42-year-old woman with a remote history of smoking and recently diagnosed anorectal cancer presented with typical anginal chest pain, dyspnea, palpitations, and hallucinations. She was started on continuous 5-flurouracil (5-FU) infusion five days before presentation. Her physical examination was significant for bilateral bibasilar crackles and tachycardia. Read More

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Efficacy and Safety of Xinyue Capsule for Coronary Artery Disease after Percutaneous Coronary Intervention: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis of Randomized Clinical Trials.

Evid Based Complement Alternat Med 2021 8;2021:6695868. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Cardiology, Xiyuan Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing 100091, China.

To evaluate the efficacy and safety of Xinyue capsule (XYC) in the treatment of coronary artery disease (CAD) after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), databases including MEDLINE, EMBASE (Ovid), PubMed, Google Scholar, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), China National Knowledge Infrastructure database (CNKI), Wanfang, and VIP were searched to identify randomized controlled trials (RCTs) on XYC in CAD after PCI published before October 2020. Data extraction, methodological quality assessment, and data analysis were performed according to the Cochrane standard. Dichotomous data were shown as risk ratios (RRs) with a 95% confidence interval (CI). Read More

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The natriuretic peptide system in heart failure: Diagnostic and therapeutic implications.

Pharmacol Ther 2021 Apr 21:107863. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Shinshu University School of Medicine, 3-1-1 Asahi, Matsumoto, Nagano 390-8621, Japan. Electronic address:

Natriuretic peptides, which are activated in heart failure, play an important cardioprotective role. The most notable of the cardioprotective natriuretic peptides are atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) and brain natriuretic peptide (BNP), which are abundantly expressed and secreted in the atrium and ventricles, respectively, and C-type natriuretic peptide (CNP), which is expressed mainly in the vasculature, central nervous system, and bone. ANP and BNP exhibit antagonistic effects against angiotensin II via diuretic/natriuretic actions, vasodilatory actions, and inhibition of aldosterone secretion, whereas CNP is involved in the regulation of vascular tone and blood pressure, among other roles. Read More

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Combining diastolic dysfunction and natriuretic peptides to risk stratify patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction.

Int J Cardiol 2021 Apr 19. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Cardiovascular Division, Brigham and Women's Hospital, 75 Francis Street, Boston, MA 02115, USA.

Background: Diastolic dysfunction (DD) might help to risk stratify patients with heart failure (HF) with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF). Nonetheless, HF guidelines/risk scores don't consider DD. We aimed to show the independent prognostic value of DD for nonfatal HF/death in patients with HFrEF on top of natriuretic peptides (NP). Read More

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Worsening Renal Function and Congestion in Patients with Acute Heart Failure: A Study with Bioelectrical Impedance Vector Analysis (BIVA) and Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL).

Arq Bras Cardiol 2021 Apr;116(4):715-724

Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niterói, RJ - Brasil.

Background: Worsening renal function (WRF) is frequently observed in the setting of aggressive diuresis for the treatment of acute decompensated heart failure (ADHF) and is associated with poor outcomes in some studies.

Objective: We sought to assess the relationship of WRF and congestion at discharge with events (cardiac death or heart failure hospitalization).

Methods: Eighty patients with ADHF were studied. Read More

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Cardiovascular Biomarkers and Heart Failure Risk in Stable Patients With Atherothrombotic Disease: A Nested Biomarker Study From TRA 2°P-TIMI 50.

J Am Heart Assoc 2021 May 22;10(9):e018673. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

TIMI Study Group Brigham and Women's HospitalHarvard Medical School Boston MA.

Background Patients with stable atherothrombotic disease vary in their risk of developing heart failure (HF). Circulating cardiovascular biomarkers may improve HF risk assessment and identify patients who may benefit from emerging HF preventive therapies. Methods and Results We measured high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I and BNP (B-type natriuretic peptide) in 15 833 patients with prior myocardial infarction, ischemic stroke, or peripheral artery disease from the TRA 2°P-TIMI 50 (Thrombin Receptor Antagonist in Secondary Prevention of Atherothrombotic Ischemic Events-Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction 50) trial, excluding patients with recent myocardial infarction (<30 days). Read More

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A study of the sequential treatment of acute heart failure with sacubitril/valsartan by recombinant human brain natriuretic peptide: A randomized controlled trial.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Apr;100(16):e25621

Department of Cardiology, Tianjin Union Medical Center, Tianjin, China.

Abstract: This study aimed to investigate the effects of the basic treatment for heart failure and sequential treatment with rh-brain natriuretic peptide (rhBNP) alone or the combination of rhBNP and sacubitril/valsartan. Cardiac structure, pulmonary artery pressure, inflammation and oxidative stress in patients with acute heart failure were evaluated.Three hundred patients with acute heart failure were included. Read More

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