413 results match your criteria bmi 383

Impact of obesity on quality of life, psychological status, and disease activity in psoriatic arthritis: a multi‑center study.

Rheumatol Int 2021 Aug 28. Epub 2021 Aug 28.

Division of Rheumatology and Immunology, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Sakarya University School of Medicine, Sakarya, Turkey.

This article aims to evaluate the possible effect of obesity on quality of life, psychological status, and other clinical variables in Psoriatic arthritis (PsA). PsA patients have been recruited by the Turkish League Against Rheumatism-Network from various centers in Turkey in this cross-sectional study. Patients with a body mass index (BMI) ≥ of 30 kg/m were considered obese. Read More

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Association of COVID-19 Mitigation Measures With Changes in Cardiorespiratory Fitness and Body Mass Index Among Children Aged 7 to 10 Years in Austria.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 08 2;4(8):e2121675. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Institute of Human Movement Science, Sport and Health, University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

Importance: Previous studies have shown reductions in self-reported physical activity levels in children associated with implementation of COVID-19 mitigation measures, and data on objectively assessed health parameters are limited.

Objective: To examine the association of COVID-19 mitigation measures with changes in cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) measures and body mass index (BMI) among primary schoolchildren.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This cohort study included children aged 7 to 10 years from 12 randomly selected primary schools in urban and rural districts of Klagenfurt, Austria. Read More

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Relationship between the Metabolic Associated Fatty Liver Disease and Endometrial Thickness in Postmenopausal Women: A Cross-sectional Study in China.

Int J Med Sci 2021 22;18(14):3082-3089. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Endocrine and Breast Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing 400016, China.

To determine the relationship between the endometrial thickness (ET) and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD) in the postmenopausal women who have a comprehensive health examination. This was a population-based, retrospective observational study of the prevalence of MAFLD in 8594 postmenopausal women with different ET in the Quality Control Center of Health Examination in Chongqing, China. Binary and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to obtain odds ratios and 95% confidence intervals for patients of different ET with MAFLD after adjusting for age. Read More

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Impact of brain natriuretic peptide for predicting long-term life expectancy and cardiovascular or limb events in peripheral arterial disease.

Int Angiol 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cardiovascular Hospital of Central Japan (Kitakanto Cardiovascular Hospital), Shibukawa, Gunma, Japan.

Background: Brain natriuretic peptide (BNP) is introduced as a predictor of the degree of ventricular dysfunction and is associated with mortality. There are limited reports on the relationship of BNP with long-term all-cause death (AD) and cardiovascular or limb events in peripheral artery disease (PAD). We examined the relationship between BNP level and these events in PAD patients. Read More

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Risk factors for postpartum hemorrhage in a tertiary hospital in South-Central Louisiana.

J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med 2021 Jul 25:1-7. Epub 2021 Jul 25.

Woman's Hospital Research Center, Woman's Hospital, Baton Rouge, LA, USA.

Background: Postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) is the most common cause of maternal mortality worldwide. Predicting PPH remains difficult, and risk factors vary among populations. We aimed to determine prevalence, risk factors, and causes for PPH in our obstetric population in South-Central Louisiana. Read More

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Serum pepsinogen II levels are doubled with Helicobacter pylori infection in an asymptomatic population of 40,383 Chinese subjects.

Medicine (Baltimore) 2021 Jul;100(27):e26562

Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Abstract: Pepsinogen (PG) I and II are crucial in the gastric digestive processes. This study is to examine the relationship of serum PGI, PGII, and PGI/PGII ratio with Helicobacter pylori (Hp) infection, age, sex, and body mass index (BMI) in subjects in Beijing, China.A total of 40,383 asymptomatic subjects, who underwent medical examination in Beijing Rehabilitation Hospital, were included in this study. Read More

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An Individualized Contrast-Enhanced Liver Computed Tomography Imaging Protocol Based on Body Mass Index in 126 Patients Seen for Liver Cirrhosis.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Jun 24;27:e932109. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Radiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, Liaoning, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Computed tomography (CT) imaging using iodinated contrast medium is associated with the radiation dose to the patient, which may require reduction in individual circumstances. This study aimed to evaluate an individualized liver CT protocol based on body mass index (BMI) in 126 patients investigated for liver cirrhosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS From November 2017 to December 2020, in this prospective study, 126 patients with known or suspected liver cirrhosis were recruited. Read More

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Associations between major psychiatric disorder polygenic risk scores and blood-based markers in UK biobank.

Brain Behav Immun 2021 Jun 6. Epub 2021 Jun 6.

Division of Psychiatry, University of Edinburgh, Kennedy Tower, Royal Edinburgh Hospital, Edinburgh EH10 5HF, UK.

Major depressive disorder (MDD), schizophrenia (SCZ), and bipolar disorder (BD) have both shared and discrete genetic risk factors, and are associated with peripheral abnormalities. The relationships between such genetic architectures and blood-based markers are, however, unclear. We investigated relationships between polygenic risk scores (PRS) for these disorders and peripheral markers in the UK Biobank cohort. Read More

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Life Course Adiposity and Alzheimer's Disease: A Mendelian Randomization Study.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 ;82(2):503-512

Department of Neurology and Institute of Neurology, Huashan Hospital, Shanghai Medical College, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Several studies showed that life course adiposity was associated with Alzheimer's disease (AD). However, the underlying causality remains unclear.

Objective: We aimed to examine the causal relationship between life course adiposity and AD using Mendelian randomization (MR) analysis. Read More

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January 2021

Reversal to normal anatomy after one-anastomosis/mini gastric bypass, indications and results: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Surg Obes Relat Dis 2021 Aug 24;17(8):1489-1496. Epub 2021 Apr 24.

Obesity and Metabolic Surgery Unit, Department of General Surgery, Ospedale Evangelico Betania, Naples, Italy. Electronic address:

This review evaluates the indications and outcomes of one-anastomosis/mini gastric bypass (OAGB/MGB) reversal to normal anatomy. A systematic literature search and meta-analysis was performed in PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus for articles published by October 1, 2020, including the keywords "one anastomosis gastric bypass," "OAGB," "mini gastric bypass," "MGB," "reversal," "reverse," "malnutrition," and "reversal bariatric surgery". After examining 182 papers involving 11,578 patients, 14 studies were included. Read More

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Association between obesity and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps: a national population-based study.

BMJ Open 2021 05 25;11(5):e047230. Epub 2021 May 25.

Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul, Korea

Objectives: We performed a cross-sectional analysis of data from the nationwide Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to evaluate the association between obesity and chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP) or without nasal polyp (CRSsNP).

Design: Retrospective cross-sectional analysis of health survey data.

Setting: Voluntary survey of representative South Korean populations. Read More

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Energy expenditure and feeding practices and tolerance during the acute and late phase of critically ill COVID-19 patients.

Clin Nutr ESPEN 2021 06 2;43:383-389. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Intensive Care Unit, Department of Paediatrics and Paediatric Surgery, Erasmus Medical Centre, Sophia Children's Hospital, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Background & Aims: Different metabolic phases can be distinguished in critical illness, which influences nutritional treatment. Achieving optimal nutritional treatment during these phases in critically ill patients is challenging. COVID-19 patients seem particularly difficult to feed due to gastrointestinal problems. Read More

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Body Mass Index Influence on the Clinical Outcomes for Nonvalvular Atrial Fibrillation Patients Admitted to a Hospital Treated with Direct Oral Anticoagulants: A Retrospective Cohort Study.

Drug Des Devel Ther 2021 6;15:1931-1943. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Pharmacy, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, People's Republic of China.

Background: Considering that the current fixed dose of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) might have insufficient anticoagulation effect for overweight patients, the aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness and safety of anticoagulation between dabigatran and rivaroxaban in different body mass index (BMI) population.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of 2402 DOAC anticoagulated patients with atrial fibrillation who underwent catheter ablation (1290 dabigatran, 53.7% and 1112 rivaroxaban, 46. Read More

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Sleep apnea, coronary artery calcium density and cardiovascular events: results from the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

J Clin Sleep Med 2021 May 14. Epub 2021 May 14.

Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY.

Study Objectives: Evaluate the association between obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), coronary artery calcium (CAC) density, and cardiovascular events in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA).

Methods: We analyzed 1041 participants with non-zero CAC scores who had polysomnography and CAC density data from the fifth examination of MESA. OSA was defined as apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] ≥ 15 events/hour. Read More

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Clinical diagnosis of severe COVID-19: A derivation and validation of a prediction rule.

World J Clin Cases 2021 May;9(13):2994-3007

Shenzhen Hospital, Southern Medical University, Shenzhen 518000, Guangdong Province, China.

Background: The widespread coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has led to high morbidity and mortality. Therefore, early risk identification of critically ill patients remains crucial.

Aim: To develop predictive rules at the time of admission to identify COVID-19 patients who might require intensive care unit (ICU) care. Read More

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Vaccine side-effects and SARS-CoV-2 infection after vaccination in users of the COVID Symptom Study app in the UK: a prospective observational study.

Lancet Infect Dis 2021 07 27;21(7):939-949. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Twin Research & Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, UK.

Background: The Pfizer-BioNTech (BNT162b2) and the Oxford-AstraZeneca (ChAdOx1 nCoV-19) COVID-19 vaccines have shown excellent safety and efficacy in phase 3 trials. We aimed to investigate the safety and effectiveness of these vaccines in a UK community setting.

Methods: In this prospective observational study, we examined the proportion and probability of self-reported systemic and local side-effects within 8 days of vaccination in individuals using the COVID Symptom Study app who received one or two doses of the BNT162b2 vaccine or one dose of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 vaccine. Read More

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A prediction model for childhood obesity in New Zealand.

Sci Rep 2021 03 18;11(1):6380. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

A Better Start-National Science Challenge, Auckland, New Zealand.

Several early childhood obesity prediction models have been developed, but none for New Zealand's diverse population. We aimed to develop and validate a model for predicting obesity in 4-5-year-old New Zealand children, using parental and infant data from the Growing Up in New Zealand (GUiNZ) cohort. Obesity was defined as body mass index (BMI) for age and sex ≥ 95th percentile. Read More

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Preserved Inhibitory Control Deficits of Overweight Participants in a Gamified Stop-Signal Task: Experimental Study of Validity.

JMIR Serious Games 2021 Mar 12;9(1):e25063. Epub 2021 Mar 12.

Department of Psychology, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria.

Background: Gamification in mental health could increase training adherence, motivation, and transfer effects, but the external validity of gamified tasks is unclear. This study documents that gamified task variants can show preserved associations between markers of behavioral deficits and health-related variables. We draw on the inhibitory control deficit in overweight populations to investigate effects of gamification on performance measures in a web-based experimental task. Read More

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Health behavior of Hungarian prostate cancer patients

Orv Hetil 2021 03 7;162(10):383-391. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

2 Pécsi Tudományegyetem, Egészségtudományi Kar, Egészségbiztosítási Intézet, Pécs, Vörösmarty u. 4., 7621.

Összefoglaló. Bevezetés: A férfiakat érintő egyik leggyakoribb malignus ráktípus a prosztatarák. A Nemzeti Rákregiszter adatai alapján hazánkban évente több mint 4600 új eset kerül diagnosztizálásra. Read More

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Pilot study exploring the incidence of lower urinary tract symptoms during pregnancy in a district general hospital in Northern Ireland: a prospective survey.

Int Urogynecol J 2021 Mar 5. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Queen's University Belfast, Centre for Public Health, Belfast, UK.

Introduction And Hypothesis: The objective of this study was to ascertain the prevalence of lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) during pregnancy with a prospective survey in the UK.

Materials And Methods: Pregnant women over the age of 18 years booked for shared antenatal care at a district general hospital were asked to complete a validated 14-stem questionnaire enquiring about lower urinary tract symptoms. (ICIQ-FLUTS). Read More

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Exploring the Impact of Modifiable Factors on Serum BDNF in Psychiatric Patients and Community Controls.

Neuropsychiatr Dis Treat 2021 17;17:545-554. Epub 2021 Feb 17.

Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, Ontario, Canada.

Background: Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) has been a focus of psychiatric research for the past two decades. BDNF has been shown to impact neural function and development. Studies have investigated serum BDNF as a biomarker for psychiatric disorders such as depression and schizophrenia. Read More

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February 2021

The Influence of Prepubertal Onset of Type 1 Diabetes and Age of Menarche on Polycystic Ovary Syndrome Diagnosis.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 May;106(6):1811-1820

Department of Internal Medicine and Metabolic Diseases, Medical University of Bialystok, Bialystok, Poland.

Context: Higher prevalence of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) in women with type 1 diabetes (T1DM) is linked to exogenous insulin, especially when diabetes is diagnosed before puberty.

Objective: The study evaluates the impact of prepubertal onset of T1DM and insulin therapy on PCOS diagnosis and phenotypic characteristics in women with T1DM.

Design, Setting, And Patients: We studied 83 women with T1DM (age 26 ± 5 years, BMI 24 ± 3 kg/m2) 36 with premenarchal (PM) onset of T1DM [17 with PCOS diagnosed (PCOS+PM) and 19 without PCOS (noPCOS+PM)] and 47 women with postmenarchal onset of T1DM [24 with PCOS (PCOS-noPM) and 23 without PCOS (noPCOS-noPM)]. Read More

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Obesity during the COVID-19 pandemic: both cause of high risk and potential effect of lockdown? A population-based electronic health record study.

Public Health 2021 Feb 14;191:41-47. Epub 2020 Dec 14.

Institute of Health Informatics, University College London, London, UK; Health Data Research UK, University College London, London, UK; University College London Hospitals NHS Trust, 235 Euston Road, London, UK; Barts Health NHS Trust, The Royal London Hospital, Whitechapel Rd, London, UK. Electronic address:

Objectives: Obesity is a modifiable risk factor for coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19)-related mortality. We estimated excess mortality in obesity, both 'direct', through infection, and 'indirect', through changes in health care, and also due to potential increasing obesity during lockdown.

Study Design: The study design of this study is a retrospective cohort study and causal inference methods. Read More

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February 2021

Time-to-pregnancy and risk of cardiovascular disease among men and women.

Eur J Epidemiol 2021 Apr 25;36(4):383-391. Epub 2021 Jan 25.

Centre for Fertility and Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, P.O. Box 222, 0213, Skøyen, Oslo, Norway.

A few studies indicate that women with prolonged time-to-pregnancy (TTP) have an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD). This has not been studied in men. We evaluated CVD risk by self-reported TTP among parous women (n = 64,064) and men (n = 50,533) participating in the Norwegian Mother, Father and Child Cohort Study. Read More

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Spirulina breath test indicates differences in gastric emptying based on age, gender, and BMI.

Neurogastroenterol Motil 2021 06 23;33(6):e14079. Epub 2021 Jan 23.

Department of Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, Ohio, USA.

Background: Measurements of gastric emptying (GE) by scintigraphy in the pediatric population are based on adult standards. Due to radiation exposure, scintigraphy cannot be performed on healthy children to establish norms of GE in the pediatric population. Stable isotope breath tests (GEBTs) pose no such health risk to children. Read More

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[Analysis of influencing factors of neurological function recovery and cerebral hemorrhage transformation after intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke].

Zhonghua Wei Zhong Bing Ji Jiu Yi Xue 2020 Nov;32(11):1340-1345

Department of Internal Medicine, Xushi Hospital of Changshu City, Changshu 215501, Jiangsu, China. Corresponding author: You Nianxing, Email:

Objective: To analyze the risk factors of neurological function recovery and occurrence of cerebral hemorrhage transformation (HT) after recombinant tissue-type plasiminogen activator (re-PA) in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS).

Methods: The 173 patients with AIS who received rt-PA thrombolysis in Changshu Hospital of Xuzhou Medical University from March, 2018 to January, 2020 were selected as research objects, and they were divided into HT group (46 cases) and non HT group (127 cases) according to whether HT occurred. The data such as gender, age, body mass index (BMI), past histories including smoking, drinking, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, stroke, atrial fibrillation, coronary heart disease, National Institutes of Health Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score before thrombolysis, systolic blood pressure before thrombolysis, diastolic blood pressure before thrombolysis, hemoglobin, blood glucose, triglyceride, total cholesterol, thrombolytic time, responsible infarction, CT low density foci, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR), serum uric acid (SUA) and fibrinogen (Fib) were collected. Read More

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November 2020

Normal thyroid volume in subjects evaluated in a primary ambulatory setting in Liguria.

Minerva Endocrinol 2021 Jan 12. Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Endocrine Unit, Centro Diagnostico Priamar, Savona, Italy.

Background: Ultrasonography (US) is the simplest method of evaluating thyroid volume (TV). The current normal TV in Liguria is not known. The aim of this study was to obtain normative data on TV in Liguria. Read More

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January 2021

Safety and efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants across body mass index groups in patients with venous thromboembolism: a retrospective cohort design.

J Thromb Thrombolysis 2021 Jan 2. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

Graduate Medical Education, UPMC St. Margaret, Pittsburgh, PA, 15215, USA.

Current literature on the safety and efficacy of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) in patients of extreme weights are limited, however, they are still being prescribed in these populations. The objective of this study is to describe the safety and efficacy of DOAC therapy in patients of extreme weights for the treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE) using body mass index (BMI) groups. A multi-site, retrospective cohort design at four hospitals was performed. Read More

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January 2021

Intervention for improvement the diet and physical activity of children and adolescents in Poland.

Rocz Panstw Zakl Hig 2020 ;71(4):383-391

Food and Nutrition Institute, Department of Dietetics and Hospital Nutrition, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: The effects of a two-year educational Programme "Keep Balance" addressed to children and adolescents have been evaluated. Its purpose has been to implement the rules of proper nutrition and increasing the level of physical activity on the population level.

Objective: The main objective of the evaluation was an indication if, after two years of programme activities, outcome indicators have been achieved. Read More

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January 2020

Less liver fibrosis marker increment in overweight chronic hepatitis B patients observed by age-adjusted Fibrosis-4 Index.

BMJ Open Gastroenterol 2020 12;7(1)

College of Medicine, Kaohsiung Medical University, Kaohsiung, Taiwan

Background And Aims: Chronic hepatitis B patients in Taiwan with no or limited liver injury are not reimbursed for antiviral treatment by the Taiwan National Health Insurance (NHI). Innovative fibrosis marker, age-adjusted Fibrosis-4 Index (FIB4-AA), was implemented to evaluate the tendency of liver fibrosis in these patients.

Methods: The FIB-4 indices of 256 antiviral treatment-naïve chronic hepatitis B patients at Kaohsiung Medical University Hospital from 2003 to 2019 were reviewed. Read More

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December 2020