177 results match your criteria blame aggression


Retaliatory aggressive driving: A justice perspective.

Accid Anal Prev 2021 Sep 15;162:106393. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Department of Psychology, York University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Driving anger and roadway aggression have previously been conceptualized using attributional theory, the theory of planned behavior, and the general aggression model (GAM) framework. The current study builds on these findings, testing the applicability of the attribution-of-blame model of perceptions of injustice and expanding existing models of retaliatory driving aggression to include unjust world beliefs and sensitivity to injustice. A sample of 269 participants from a large urban Canadian university viewed five animated driving scenarios (i. Read More

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September 2021

The multidimensionality of inter-parental conflict on aggression and mental health among adolescents.

Heliyon 2021 May 27;7(5):e07124. Epub 2021 May 27.

Faculty of Humanities, North-West University, Mafikeng Campus, South Africa.

The research sets out to reveal that multidimensionality of inter-parental conflict is a limitation in the direction of research which suggests that inter-parental conflict is a risk factor to poor mental health and aggression in adolescents. To validate the above assertion, 394 adolescents (227 males; mean age = 15.6, SD = 1. Read More

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Managing shame and guilt in addiction: A pathway to recovery.

Addict Behav 2021 09 17;120:106954. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Macquarie University, FAHA FASSA, Centre for Agency Values and Ethics, Faculty of Arts, Department of Philosophy, Australia. Electronic address:

A dominant view of guilt and shame is that they have opposing action tendencies: guilt- prone people are more likely to avoid or overcome dysfunctional patterns of behaviour, making amends for past misdoings, whereas shame-prone people are more likely to persist in dysfunctional patterns of behaviour, avoiding responsibility for past misdoings and/or lashing out in defensive aggression. Some have suggested that addiction treatment should make use of these insights, tailoring therapy according to people's degree of guilt-proneness versus shame-proneness. In this paper, we challenge this dominant view, reviewing empirical findings from others as well as our own to question (1) whether shame and guilt can be so easily disentangled in the experience of people with addiction, and (2) whether shame and guilt have the opposing action tendencies standardly attributed to them. Read More

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September 2021

The Impact of Sexualized Video Game Content and Cognitive Load on State Rape Myth Acceptance.

Front Psychol 2021 15;12:614502. Epub 2021 Mar 15.

Psychology and Neuroscience of Cognition Research Unit, Faculty of Psychology, Speech and Language Therapy, and Education, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium.

The potential negative impact of sexualized video games on attitudes toward women is an important issue. Studies that have examined this issue are rare and contain a number of limitations. Therefore, it largely remains unclear whether sexualized video games can have an impact on attitudes toward women. Read More

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An analysis of anxiety and selected aspects of personality in women with ischemic heart disease according to P.T. Costa and R. R. McCrae theory - The role of psychosocial factors in ischemic heart disease.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2021 Mar 20;28(1):107-113. Epub 2020 Mar 20.

Department of Cardiology, Medical University, Lublin, Poland.

Introduction: Risk factors for ischemic heart disease (IHD) are very numerous and not fully defined. In addition to classic risk factors, different factors are also distinguished, among them psychological aspects chich have rarely been subject to detailed analyses.

Objective: The aim of study was an analysis of the anxiety structure, including the five factors of personality: neuroticism (NEU), extraversion (EXT), openness (OPE), agreeableness (AGR) and conscientiousness (CON), in women with IHD. Read More

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The mediating role of emotion regulation strategies on the association between rejection sensitivity, aggression, withdrawal, and prosociality.

Emotion 2021 Feb 11. Epub 2021 Feb 11.

Department of Psychology.

Although previous studies have shown that rejection sensitivity (RS) is related to aggressive, prosocial, and withdrawal behaviors, little is known on the underlying mechanisms. This contribution aims to fill this gap by showing the usefulness of differentiating between the cognitive (expectation) and emotional (anxiety, anger) components of RS and testing the potential mediating role of cognitive emotion regulation (ER) strategies for predicting aggressive, prosocial, and withdrawal tendencies. Results from data collected in a sample of young adults (N = 445) showed that rejection expectation was only negatively linked to prosociality and that 2 functional ER strategies (i. Read More

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February 2021

Mental and physical health in family members of substance users: A scoping review.

Drug Alcohol Depend 2021 02 25;219:108439. Epub 2020 Nov 25.

Department of Psychology, University of Milan-Bicocca, Milan, Italy; Centro per lo studio e la terapia dei disturbi della personalità (C.R.E.S.T), Milan, Italy; Personality Disorders Lab (PDlab), Parma - Milan, Italy.

Background: Due to the high pressure they sustain, family members of substance users are thought to experience negative consequences in mental and physical health. This scoping review provided a comprehensive overview on the mental and physical health of adult Affected Family Members (AFMs).

Method: We searched in-journal English articles in PubMed, with no date limit, guided by the concepts of stress, strain, and burden, and including several terms related to substance use. Read More

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February 2021

Evaluating Negative Attributions in Persons With Brain Injury: A Comparison of 2 Measures.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 May-Jun 01;36(3):E170-E177

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Jang and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine (Dr Witwer), Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); and Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander).

Objectives: To compare construct and predictive validity, readability, and time-to-administer of 2 negative attribution measures in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI).

Setting: Two TBI rehabilitation hospitals.

Participants: Eighty-five adults with complicated mild to severe TBI. Read More

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November 2020

What Mediates the Relationship Between Ethnic Discrimination and Stress? Coping Strategies and Perceived Social Support of Russian Immigrants in Germany.

Front Psychiatry 2020 15;11:557148. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

Outpatient Unit for Research, Teaching and Practice, Faculty of Psychology, University of Vienna, Vienna, Austria.

Objective: Experiences of ethnic discrimination may constitute major stressors for ethnic minority groups. This study examined the associations between different forms of ethnic discrimination and levels of perceived stress in Russian immigrants living in Germany, taking into account potential moderating (in-group identification) and mediating (coping and social support) factors.

Methods: Russian immigrants ( = 308) were assessed using online questionnaires (e. Read More

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September 2020

"Haters back off!" Psychometric Properties of the Coping with Cyberhate Questionnaire and Relationship with Well-being in Spanish Adolescents.

Psicothema 2020 11;32(4):567-574

Universidad Autónoma de Madrid.

Background: Cyberhate is a growing form of online aggression against a person or a group based on race, ethnicity, nationality, sexual orientation, gender, religion, or disability. The present study aims to examine psychometric properties of the Coping with Cyberhate Questionnaire, the prevalence of coping strategies in Spanish adolescents, differences in coping strategies based in sex, age, and victim status, and the association between coping with cyberhate and adolescents' mental well-being.

Method: The sample consisted of 1,005 adolescents between 12 and 18 years old (Mage = 14. Read More

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November 2020

Development and Validation of the Drama Triangle Scale: Are You a Victim, Rescuer, or Persecutor?

J Interpers Violence 2020 Sep 11:886260520957696. Epub 2020 Sep 11.

Claremont Graduate University, Claremont, CA, USA.

The drama triangle is a theoretical framework to describe and understand the roles (Victim, Rescuer, and Persecutor) that people assume and perpetuate in interpersonal relationships, especially in contexts of "drama" or conflict. The Drama Triangle scale was developed, validated, and psychometrically scrutinized across three independent samples of adults. In Study 1 ( = 326), the initial pool of items was generated based on reviewing the literature. Read More

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September 2020

Grandiose narcissists and decision making: Impulsive, overconfident, and skeptical of experts-but seldom in doubt.

Pers Individ Dif 2021 Jan 14;168:110280. Epub 2020 Aug 14.

Graduate School of Business, Stanford University, United States of America.

A substantial body of research has documented that grandiose narcissists are characterized by high self-esteem, a sense of personal superiority and entitlement, overconfidence, a willingness to exploit others for self-gain, and hostility and aggression when challenged. We report two studies ( = 452) that explore how these dispositions affect their decision making. We show that grandiose narcissists' overconfidence, impulsivity, and a willingness to ignore expert advice results in a higher likelihood of making a bad decision. Read More

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January 2021

Attachment Anxiety, Rape Myth Acceptance, and Sexual Compliance.

J Interpers Violence 2020 Aug 12:886260520948526. Epub 2020 Aug 12.

University of Liverpool, UK.

People may consent to sexual activity with a partner when they do not desire it (i.e., sexual compliance), and such behavior is particularly prevalent in women. Read More

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Negative Attribution Bias and Related Risk Factors After Brain Injury.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2021 Jan-Feb 01;36(1):E61-E70

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Perkins and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); and Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander).

Objective: In participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) and peer controls, examine (1) differences in negative attributions (interpret ambiguous behaviors negatively); (2) cognitive and emotional factors associated with negative attributions; and (3) negative attribution associations with anger responses, life satisfaction, and participation.

Setting: Two TBI outpatient rehabilitation centers.

Participants: Participants with complicated mild to severe TBI (n = 105) and peer controls (n = 105). Read More

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January 2022

Hostile attributional bias in severe alcohol use disorder.

J Psychiatr Res 2020 10 29;129:176-180. Epub 2020 Jul 29.

Louvain Experimental Psychopathology Research Group (LEP), Psychological Sciences Research Institute, UCLouvain, Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium. Electronic address:

Impairments in social cognition have been documented in severe alcohol use disorder (SAUD) over the past two decades. They have been linked with lower social functioning and poor treatment outcomes, illustrating their key role in the disorder. However, studies investigating social cognition in SAUD have largely focused on emotional decoding and theory of mind abilities, neglecting other important processes. Read More

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October 2020

Whose fault is it? Attribution of causes of patient violence among exposed and unexposed community-based family physicians.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 01 6;29(1):175-184. Epub 2020 Jul 6.

Maccabi Health Care Services, Tel-Aviv, Israel.

Extensive research has dealt with violence directed at healthcare workers in hospital settings; however, few studies have examined community-based settings. Furthermore, there is also scant literature regarding the perceptions of healthcare providers who were exposed to violence, compared to those who were not. This study aims to narrow these gaps in the literature by examining community-based family physicians' (CBFPs) perceptions in a large national Health Maintenance Organisation (HMO) regarding patient-initiated violence. Read More

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January 2021

Pain and Evil: From Local Nociception to Misery Following Social Harm.

J Pain Res 2020 21;13:1139-1154. Epub 2020 May 21.

Neurorehabilitation 2, Post-Coma Unit, IRCCS Fondazione Santa Lucia, Rome 00179, Italy.

Experiencing pain, especially when chronic, is an excruciating condition that should be regarded as a syndrome, if not a disease. People suffering from chronic pain tend to develop psychological discomfort mostly due to lack of acceptance, disbelief, blame. The complexity of pain pathophysiology, plus a wide range of negative psychosocial factors, leads to a more complex suffering that deserves attention and multidisciplinary treatments. Read More

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Assessing Negative Attributions After Brain Injury With the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire.

J Head Trauma Rehabil 2020 Sep/Oct;35(5):E450-E457

Departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (Drs Neumann and Hammond) and Biostatistics (Dr Perkins and Ms Bhamidipalli), Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis; Rehabilitation Hospital of Indiana, Indianapolis (Drs Neumann and Hammond); Division of Clinical Neuropsychology and Rehabilitation Psychology, H. Ben Taub Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Baylor College of Medicine and Harris Health System, Houston, Texas; Brain Injury Research Center, TIRR Memorial Hermann, Houston, Texas (Dr Sander); Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis (Ms Witwer); and Department of Psychology, University of Texas at Tyler, Tyler (Dr Combs).

Objectives: (1) To explore the construct validity of the Ambiguous Intentions Hostility Questionnaire (AIHQ) in participants with traumatic brain injury (TBI) (ie, confirm negative attributions are associated with anger and aggression); and (2) use the AIHQ to examine negative attribution differences between participants with and without TBI.

Setting: Two rehabilitation hospitals.

Participants: Eighty-five adults with TBI and 86 healthy controls (HCs). Read More

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September 2021

Querulant delusion and post-traumatic embitterment disorder.

Authors:
Michael Linden

Int Rev Psychiatry 2020 Aug - Sep;32(5-6):396-402. Epub 2020 May 19.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine, Charité University Medicine Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Injustice, breach of trust, and humiliation are social stressors which can result in embitterment, known to everybody and which has been described in the Bible (Cain and Abel) or by Aristotle in the Nicomachean Ethics. It has been discussed by several authors since the early days of psychiatric classification. In the textbook 'Psychiatry' by E. Read More

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Judgments of marital rape as a function of honor culture, masculine reputation threat, and observer gender: A cross-cultural comparison between Turkey, Germany, and the UK.

Aggress Behav 2020 07 29;46(4):341-353. Epub 2020 Apr 29.

Department of Education and Psychology, Free University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Previous research has shown that there is higher tolerance of violence against women in cultures with salient gender-specific honor norms, especially when the violence occurs in intimate relationships and in response to threat to male honor. The present cross-cultural study (N = 398) extended these findings to sexual aggression (i.e. Read More

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Drunk, dangerous and delusional: how legal concept-creep risks overcriminalization.

Addiction 2020 12 21;115(12):2200-2207. Epub 2020 Mar 21.

Faculty of Laws, University College London (UCL), Bentham House, London, UK.

Background: In the recent case of R v. Taj, the Court of Appeal of England and Wales upheld the conviction of a defendant who, in a psychotic delusional state, mistook his non-threatening victim to be a terrorist, violently attacking him. The law typically allows honest mistakes (even if unreasonable) as a basis for self-defence (in this case the defence of others). Read More

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December 2020

Cybersex use and problematic cybersex use among young Swiss men: Associations with sociodemographic, sexual, and psychological factors.

J Behav Addict 2019 Dec 23;8(4):794-803. Epub 2019 Dec 23.

Addiction Medicine, Department of Psychiatry,Lausanne University Hospital, University of Lausanne, Lausanne,Switzerland.

Background And Aims: Cybersex use (CU) is highly prevalent in Switzerland's population, particularly among young men. CU may have negative consequences if it gets out of control. This study estimated prevalence of CU, frequency of CU (FCU), and problematic CU (PCU) and their correlates. Read More

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December 2019

When history becomes his story: Shifts in narrative perspective weaken the blame-mitigating force of life-history narratives.

Br J Soc Psychol 2020 Apr 9;59(2):311-328. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Lehigh University, Bethlehem, Pennsylvania, USA.

Life-history narratives describing how a transgressor developed aversive traits can mitigate blame. How is their effectiveness affected by narrative perspective? In particular, how is blame mitigation impacted when the transgressor appears to be knowledgeable of the story of his self-formation? In three experiments, we compare the effectiveness of narratives that reflect an objective perspective to those that reflect the transgressor's perspective. The experiments contrast two hypotheses. Read More

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TCS is to Blame: The Impact of Divorce on Physical and Mental Health.

Authors:
Mosad Zineldin

Int J Prev Med 2019 12;10:141. Epub 2019 Aug 12.

Department of Medicine and Optometry, Faculty of Health and Life Sciences, Linnaeus University, SE-351 95, Växjö, Sweden.

Background: Divorce rate reaches up to 50-70%. Indisputably divorce recently became one of the most epidemic factors negatively influencing humans' health whereas its impact on the involved couples and their children is serious and sometimes fatal. The article presents the results of a research study to analyze the most critical grounds for divorce leading to negative health-related consequences. Read More

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Sexual harassment and appearance-based peer victimization: Unique associations with emotional adjustment by gender and age.

J Adolesc 2019 08 8;75:12-21. Epub 2019 Jul 8.

University of Denver, USA.

Introduction: We examined sexual harassment, alongside other forms of peer victimization, as correlates of self-worth, depression, and anxiety (emotional adjustment). In addition, we investigated joint moderating effects of gender and age in the relationship between sexual harassment and emotional adjustment.

Methods: Participants were 277 high school and 492 university students (12-24 years, 60% female) residing in Australia. Read More

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Bounded Blame: The Effects of Victim-Perpetrator Relationship and Victimization History on Judgments of Sexual Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2021 08 3;36(15-16):NP8800-NP8823. Epub 2019 May 3.

Central Michigan University, MI, USA.

Individuals often tend to irrationally blame victims for their plight. This research incorporated a bounded rationality framework to examine first-person perspectives (rather than third-person) of both victims' and nonvictims' perceptions and judgments of acquaintance and stranger sexual violence. Upon completing individual difference measures, including a just-world belief assessment, participants ( = 296) were randomly assigned to read a scenario in which the vignette victim was either acquainted with or had no prior relationship with the perpetrator. Read More

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Verbal Abuse Related to Self-Esteem Damage and Unjust Blame Harms Mental Health and Social Interaction in College Population.

Sci Rep 2019 04 4;9(1):5655. Epub 2019 Apr 4.

KAIST Clinic Pappalardo Center, Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology (KAIST), Daejeon, Korea.

Verbal abuse is an emotional abuse intended to inflict intense humiliation-denigration-fear as perceived by exposed person. Network-based approaches have been applied to explore the integrative-segregated patterns of associations among the psychological features and external stimuli for diverse populations; few studies reported for verbal abuse effects in college population. Self-reporting measurements acquired form 5,616 college students were used for network analyses. Read More

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Moral disengagement and willingness to behave unethically against ex-partner in a child custody dispute.

PLoS One 2019 13;14(3):e0213662. Epub 2019 Mar 13.

Departamento de Psicología, Universidade da Coruña, La Coruña, Spain.

The current study examines the role of moral disengagement on the likelihood of making false allegations or retaliating against the partner in a child custody dispute. Moral disengagement strategies can be useful to explain this tendency to harm their partner in a custody dispute, because they help reduce the aversive state caused by the dissonance provoked when the ethical principles of the individual do not match their behavior. An individual that is able to lessen the negative affect anticipated before committing a transgression, would be more likely to engage in it. Read More

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December 2019