32,930 results match your criteria black women


Do intersecting identities structure social contexts to influence life course health? The case of school peer economic disadvantage and obesity.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 29;289:114424. Epub 2021 Sep 29.

Institute for Policy Research, Northwestern University, 2040 Sheridan Road, Evanston, IL, 60208-4100, USA; Department of Anthropology, Northwestern University, 1810 Hinman St., Evanston, IL, 60208-1310, USA.

Scholarship linking social contextual measures to health outcomes has grown in recent decades, but the role of individuals' intersecting identities in structuring social contexts to influence health remains unclear. Building on an existing intersectionality framework, we conceptualize how this may occur through social relationships. Then, we apply this framework to analyze whether adolescent peer social contextual disadvantage influences life-course obesity heterogeneously by individual gender, race, and early-life income. Read More

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September 2021

Hyperlocalized Measures of Air Pollution and Preeclampsia in Oakland, California.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York 10032, United States.

Exposure to nitrogen dioxide (NO), black carbon (BC), and ultrafine particles (UFPs) during pregnancy may increase the risk of preeclampsia, but previous studies have not assessed hyperlocalized differences in pollutant levels, which may cause exposure misclassification. We used data from Google Street View cars with mobile air monitors that repeatedly sampled NO, BC, and UFPs every 30 m in Downtown and West Oakland neighborhoods during 2015-2017. Data were linked to electronic health records of pregnant women in the 2014-2016 Sutter Health population, who resided within 120 m of monitoring data ( = 1095), to identify preeclampsia cases. Read More

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October 2021

Measurement invariance of the Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire across college status, race, and childhood SES in a diverse community sample.

Psychol Addict Behav 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Psychology.

Objective: The Young Adult Alcohol Consequences Questionnaire (YAACQ) was designed to measure the various domains of alcohol-related problems experienced by emerging adults (EAs), but has primarily been used in college samples and it remains unclear whether the psychometric properties of the YAACQ function similarly in racially and economically diverse populations. The present study assessed the factor structure and evaluated measurement invariance, latent mean differences, and correlates of the 48-item eight-factor YAACQ across college status, race, and childhood socioeconomic status (SES).

Method: EAs ages 21. Read More

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October 2021

Age-related changes in bone density, microarchitecture and strength in postmenopausal Black and White women: SWAN Longitudinal HR-pQCT Study.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Center for Advanced Orthopedic Studies, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, MA, USA.

Higher fracture risk in White versus Black women is partly explained by lower BMD and worse bone microarchitecture in White women. However, whether rates of decline in bone density, microarchitecture and strength differ between postmenopausal Black and White women is unknown. Further, factors that influence rates of age-related bone microarchitecture deterioration remain ill-defined. Read More

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October 2021

Engaging rural communities in cancer prevention and control research: Development and preliminary insights from a community-based research registry.

Cancer Med 2021 Oct 14. Epub 2021 Oct 14.

Department of Health Behavior and Policy, School of Medicine, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Objective: To report on the development and preliminary findings of a community-based cancer registry, including the community-engaged approach to recruitment, participant profile, and distribution of cancer risk factors by race/ethnicity and geography.

Methods: Community outreach and engagement best practices were used to recruit a diverse convenience sample of Virginia residents (≥18 years) that oversampled residents living in rural areas, defined as Rural-Urban Continuum Codes (RUCC) 4-9 and African American (AA)/Black residents. Multiple survey administration methods included electronic (e-survey) and in-person survey by community-based staff. Read More

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October 2021

Clinical characteristics and pregnancy outcomes of women diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 in London's most ethnically diverse borough: A cross-sectional study.

Obstet Med 2021 Sep 21;14(3):164-169. Epub 2021 Jan 21.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Newham University Hospital, London.

Introduction: It is unclear whether pregnant women from ethnic minority groups and with metabolic disorders are disproportionately affected by SARS-CoV-2 infection within deprived areas. No previous studies have compared pregnancy outcomes with an appropriate comparator group.

Methods: Cross-sectional study of 32 women with SARS-CoV-2 compared to background departmental figures from the three months prior to the outbreak. Read More

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September 2021

Recovery capital among people receiving treatment for opioid use disorder with buprenorphine.

Harm Reduct J 2021 Oct 13;18(1):103. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology and Institute for Drug and Alcohol Studies, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA.

Background: Recovery is a multidimensional process that includes health, quality of life, and citizenship. Recovery capital is a strengths-based concept representing the sum of an individual's resources that support recovery. This study (1) describes recovery capital, (2) examines the relationship between recovery capital and treatment duration, and (3) assesses differences by gender in recovery capital among people receiving medication for opioid use disorder (MOUD). Read More

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October 2021

Material hardship is associated with posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms among low-income Black women.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Department of Psychiatry, Yale School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

The link between socioeconomic status and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is well established. Given that Black women are disproportionately burdened by both poverty and PTSD symptoms, research focusing on these constructs among this population is needed. The current study assessed the association between material hardship (i. Read More

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October 2021

COVID-19 Vaccine Acceptance and Access Among Black and Latinx Communities.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 10 1;4(10):e2128575. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut.

Importance: Black and Latinx communities have faced disproportionate harm from the COVID-19 pandemic. Increasing COVID-19 vaccine acceptance and access has the potential to mitigate mortality and morbidity from COVID-19 for all communities, including those most impacted by the pandemic.

Objective: To investigate and understand factors associated with facilitating and obstructing COVID-19 vaccine access and acceptance among Black and Latinx communities. Read More

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October 2021

Development and validation of a model for prediction of placental dysfunction-related stillbirth from maternal factors, fetal weight and uterine artery Doppler at mid-gestation.

Ultrasound Obstet Gynecol 2021 Oct 13. Epub 2021 Oct 13.

Fetal Medicine Unit, Medway Maritime Hospital, Gillingham, UK.

Objective: To examine the predictive performance for all antepartum stillbirths and those due to impaired placentation by a combination of maternal risk factors, uterine artery pulsatility index (UtA-PI) and estimated fetal weight (EFW) at 19-24 weeks' gestation in a training dataset for development of the model and a validation dataset.

Methods: The data for this study were derived from prospective screening for adverse obstetric outcomes in 131,514 women with singleton pregnancies attending for routine pregnancy care at 19+0 to 24+6 weeks' gestation. There were 131,037 livebirths and 477 (0. Read More

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October 2021

Goal-Striving Stress and Repeated Measures of Adiposity in the Jackson Heart Study.

Stress Health 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Medicine, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, USA.

Psychosocial stressors are determinants of increases in adiposity. Both psychosocial stressors and adiposity are higher among African Americans (AAs). Therefore, clarifying the stress-obesity link in AAs is important. Read More

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October 2021

Assessing demographic access to hip replacement surgery in the United Kingdom: a systematic review.

Int J Equity Health 2021 Oct 12;20(1):224. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Engineering, College of Engineering, Mathematics, and Physical Sciences, University of Exeter, Exeter, UK.

Persisting evidence suggests significant socioeconomic and sociodemographic inequalities in access to medical treatment in the UK. Consequently, a systematic review was undertaken to examine these access inequalities in relation to hip replacement surgery. Database searches were performed using MEDLINE, PubMed and Web of Science. Read More

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October 2021

Prenatal Exposure to Acetaminophen and Childhood Asthmatic Symptoms in a Population-Based Cohort in Los Angeles, California.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Sep 26;18(19). Epub 2021 Sep 26.

Department of Epidemiology, Fielding School of Public Health, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA 90095, USA.

Acetaminophen is the most common over-the-counter pain and fever medication used by pregnant women. While European studies suggest acetaminophen exposure in pregnancy could affect childhood asthma development, findings are less consistent in other populations. We evaluated whether maternal prenatal acetaminophen use is associated with childhood asthmatic symptoms (asthma diagnosis, wheeze, dry cough) in a Los Angeles cohort of 1201 singleton births. Read More

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September 2021

Reflections from the Field Seeking Wholeness: The Black Women Patient Experience.

Authors:
Eunju Lee

J Soc Work End Life Palliat Care 2021 Oct 12:1-3. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Memorial Sloan Kettering Cancer Center, New Yo/rk, New York, USA.

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October 2021

Racial Differences in Planned Hysterectomy Procedure Route.

J Womens Health (Larchmt) 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Hysterectomies can be performed with a minimally invasive surgical (MIS) approach or a laparotomic (abdominal) approach. The objective of this study was to assess any racial differences in the likelihood of having a planned MIS hysterectomy. A prospective cohort study of women undergoing hysterectomy at Henry Ford Health System was conducted where laparotomic and MIS approaches are available to all patients. Read More

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October 2021

Parenting in matched pairs of women of color experiencing intimate partner violence living with and without HIV.

J Trauma Stress 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Psychology, The University of Memphis, Memphis, Tennessee, USA.

This study explored the associations between depression and parenting among women of color with low income levels who were exposed to intimate partner violence (IPV) and HIV. Participants were 60 Black, multiracial, and Hispanic/Latina mothers (M = 36.66, SD = 6. Read More

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October 2021

Contraceptive Use and Pregnancy Outcomes Among Women Enrolled in South Carolina Medicaid Programs.

Matern Child Health J 2021 Oct 12. Epub 2021 Oct 12.

Department of Health Services Management & Policy, College of Public Health, Center for Applied Research & Evaluation in Women's Health, East Tennessee State University, PO Box 70264, Johnson, TN, 37614, USA.

Objective: State medicaid programs provide access to effective contraception for people with lower incomes. This study examined contraception use and pregnancy among reproductive-age women enrolled in the South Carolina Medicaid, by eligibility program and socio-demographic sub-groups.

Methods: A retrospective cohort of women aged 15-45 who were newly eligible for South Carolina Medicaid from 2012 to 2016 was examined. Read More

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October 2021

Evaluation of Population-Level Changes Associated With the 2021 US Preventive Services Task Force Lung Cancer Screening Recommendations in Community-Based Health Care Systems.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Oct 1;4(10):e2128176. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.

Importance: The US Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) released updated lung cancer screening recommendations in 2021, lowering the screening age from 55 to 50 years and smoking history from 30 to 20 pack-years. These changes are expected to expand screening access to women and racial and ethnic minority groups.

Objective: To estimate the population-level changes associated with the 2021 USPSTF expansion of lung cancer screening eligibility by sex, race and ethnicity, sociodemographic factors, and comorbidities in 5 community-based health care systems. Read More

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October 2021

Immunogenicity and Safety of a 3-Antigen Hepatitis B Vaccine vs a Single-Antigen Hepatitis B Vaccine: A Phase 3 Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 Oct 1;4(10):e2128652. Epub 2021 Oct 1.

VBI Vaccines Inc, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Importance: There is a need for improved immunogenicity of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccines among young adults with risk of infection.

Objectives: To demonstrate manufacturing equivalence of a 3-antigen (3A) HBV vaccine, evaluate noninferiority of seroprotection rate (SPR) of 3A-HBV vs single-antigen (1A) HBV after 2 and 3 vaccine doses, and compare safety and reactogenicity between 3A-HBV and 1A-HBV vaccines.

Design, Setting, And Participants: This phase 3, double-blinded, randomized clinical trial included healthy adults aged 18 to 45 years randomized to 1 of three 3A-HBV groups or 1 control group receiving 1A-HBV. Read More

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October 2021

The lived experience of severe maternal morbidity among Black women.

Authors:
Lucinda Canty

Nurs Inq 2021 Oct 11:e12466. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Department of Nursing, School of Interdisciplinary Health and Science, University of Saint Joseph, West Hartford, Connecticut, USA.

Black women are 3-4 times more likely to die from a pregnancy-related complication and twice as likely to experience severe maternal morbidity when compared to white women in the United States. The risks for pregnancy-related maternal mortality are well documented, yet Black women's experiences of life-threatening morbidity are essentially absent in the nursing literature. The purpose of this interpretive phenomenological study was to understand the experiences of Black women who developed severe maternal morbidity. Read More

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October 2021

Who Visits Relatives in Nursing Homes? Predictors of at Least Weekly Visiting.

J Am Med Dir Assoc 2021 Oct 9. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Department of Medicine, Division of General Internal Medicine, iTEQC Research Program, University of California, Irvine, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Within the context of a single study, assess the relative importance of the 6 factors identified in a 2019 systematic review as associated with the likelihood that family members will visit nursing home residents.

Design: Retrospective statistical analysis of an existing survey data set.

Settings And Participants: A national survey conducted with 4350 relatives of long-term nursing home residents. Read More

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October 2021

Association of race and gender with primary caregiver relationships and eligibility for advanced heart failure therapies.

Clin Transplant 2021 Oct 11:e14502. Epub 2021 Oct 11.

Emory University, Division of Cardiology, Atlanta, GA, United States.

Background: Caregiver support is considered necessary after heart transplant (HT) and left ventricular assist device (LVAD) for patients with end-stage heart failure (HF). Few studies have demonstrated how caregivers differ by gender and race, and whether that impacts therapy eligibility.

Methods: We examined caregiver relationships among 674 patients (32% women, 55% Black) evaluated at Emory University from 2011 to 2017. Read More

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October 2021

Group Social Support Facilitates Adoption of Healthier Behaviors Among Black Women in a Community-Initiated National Diabetes Prevention Program.

Health Promot Pract 2021 Oct 9:15248399211045989. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The aim of this study was to better understand facilitators and barriers of the early adoption of healthy eating and physical activity behaviors among Black women participating in a community-based, community-initiated diabetes education program. We held focus groups with participants ( = 14) ages 24 to 90 years. Participants were recruited from a multisite, community-based diabetes prevention program in the Southeastern United States. Read More

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October 2021

The Primate Cultural Significance Index: applications with Popoluca Indigenous people at Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve.

J Ethnobiol Ethnomed 2021 Oct 9;17(1):57. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Grupo de Estudios Transdisciplinarios en Primatología, Red de Biología y Conservación de Vertebrados, Instituto de Ecología AC, Carretera antigua a Coatepec No. 351, El Haya, CP 91070, Xalapa, Veracruz, Mexico.

Background: The study of the cultural significance (CS) of biodiversity provides key information to develop conservation strategies consistent with traditions and perceptions of human communities. In Los Tuxtlas Biosphere Reserve (TBR) in Mexico, the mantled howler monkeys (Alouatta palliata mexicana) and the black-handed spider monkeys (Ateles geoffroyi vellerosus) have historically coexisted with Popoluca Indigenous Peoples. This study sought to determine how the presence of a natural protected area (TBR location) and a range of sociodemographic factors (gender, age, origin, language proficiency, education level, religion) relate to the CS held by the Popoluca Indigenous People in relation to these two endangered primate species. Read More

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October 2021

Development, feasibility, acceptability and preliminary evaluation of the internet and mobile phone-based BSHAPE intervention for survivors of cumulative trauma.

Contemp Clin Trials 2021 Oct 6:106591. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing, 525 N Wolfe Street, Baltimore, MD 21205, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Cumulative trauma exposures can have a profound effect on women's health and well-being. Black immigrant women are disproportionately affected by cumulative trauma experiences that place them at risk for multiple health issues such as reproductive sexual health problems and HIV, or mental health problems such as PTSD. The trauma-informed internet and mobile phone-based Being Safe, Healthy, and Positively Empowered (BSHAPE) intervention was designed to comprehensively assess for cumulative traumatic experiences, for current safety, and to address women's co-occurring healthcare needs through educational, psychoeducational, and mindfulness-based stress-reduction components. Read More

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October 2021

Integrative Review of Racial Disparities in Perinatal Outcomes Among Beneficiaries of the Military Health System.

J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs 2021 Oct 6. Epub 2021 Oct 6.

Objective: To examine the extent to which racial disparities exist in the perinatal outcomes of beneficiaries of the Military Health System (MHS).

Data Sources: We searched the PubMed, CINAHL, and Embase databases.

Study Selection: We selected articles published in English in peer-reviewed journals in which the authors examined race in relation to perinatal outcomes among beneficiaries of the MHS. Read More

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October 2021

Is there a role for Natural Desiccated Thyroid in the treatment of levothyroxine unresponsive hypothyroidism? Results from a Consecutive Case Series.

Int J Clin Pract 2021 Oct 9:e14967. Epub 2021 Oct 9.

Centre for Health Economics & Medicines Evaluation, Bangor University, Bangor, Wales, UK.

Introduction: Some levothyroxine unresponsive individuals with hypothyroidism are prescribed a Natural Desiccated Thyroid (NDT) preparation such as Armour Thyroid or ERFA Thyroid . These contain a mixture of levothyroxine and liothyronine in a fixed ratio. We evaluated the response to NDT in individuals at a single endocrine centre in terms of how the change from levothyroxine to NDT impacted on their lives in relation to quality of life (QOL) and thyroid symptoms. Read More

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October 2021

Understanding women's choices for management of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN2): Qualitative analysis of a randomised experimental study.

Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

Faculty of Medicine and Health, School of Public Health, The University of Sydney, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: Active surveillance for cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 2 (CIN2) would allow time for most cases to regress naturally and in turn avoid potentially unnecessary and harmful treatment.

Aim: To determine reasons for choosing active surveillance over surgery among women given a hypothetical diagnosis of CIN2.

Materials And Methods: Women residing in Australia aged 25-40 years with no prior diagnosis of cervical cancer, cervical abnormality CIN2 or above, and/or previous hysterectomy, were randomised to one of four identical hypothetical scenarios of testing human papillomavirus (HPV)-positive: high-grade cytology and a diagnosis of CIN2 that used alternate terminology to describe resolution of abnormal cells and/or inclusion of an overtreatment statement. Read More

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October 2021

Delivering Health Information to Parents via a Theory-Informed SMS-Based Intervention: Development and Results from a Pilot Study.

Matern Child Health J 2021 Oct 8. Epub 2021 Oct 8.

The Department of Social, Behavioral, and Population Sciences, Mary Amelia Center for Women's Health Equity Research, Tulane School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, 143 S. Liberty St, New Orleans, LA, 70112, USA.

Introduction: Short message service (SMS), or text-based, health interventions offer a promising opportunity to deliver health education and have been shown to improve diet and exercise. However, few are theory-based or target low-income parents. This pilot study, informed by the Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB), primarily sought to determine if health education delivered via SMS was feasible and acceptable to low-income parents of young children. Read More

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October 2021