266 results match your criteria bjo

Is a periacetabular osteotomy as efficacious in retroversion as it is in dysplasia? : The role of femoral anteversion on outcome.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):757-764

Orthopaedics, University College Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: Periacetabular osteotomy (PAO) is an established treatment for acetabular dysplasia. It has also been proposed as a treatment for patients with acetabular retroversion. By reviewing a large cohort, we aimed to test whether outcome is equivalent for both types of morphology and identify factors that influenced outcome. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cross-cultural adaptation and psychometric validation of the Indonesian version of the Oxford Hip Score.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):765-772

Orthopaedic and Traumatology, Fatmawati General Hospital, Jakarta, Indonesia.

Aims: The aim of this study was to perform a cross-cultural adaptation of Oxford Hip Score (OHS) to Indonesian, and to evaluate its psychometric properties.

Methods: We performed a cross-cultural adaptation of Oxford Hip Score into Indonesian language (OHS-ID) and determined its internal consistency, test-retest reliability, measurement error, floor-ceiling effect, responsiveness, and construct validity by hypotheses testing of its correlation with Harris Hip Score (HHS), vsual analogue scale (VAS), and Short Form-36 (SF-36). Adults (> 17 years old) with chronic hip pain (osteoarthritis or osteonecrosis) were included. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Drill splatter in orthopaedic procedures and its importance during the COVID-19 pandemic : an experimental study.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):752-756

Trauma & Orthopaedics, Princess Royal Hospital NHS Trust, Telford, UK.

Aims: During the COVID-19 pandemic, drilling has been classified as an aerosol-generating procedure. However, there is limited evidence on the effects of bone drilling on splatter generation. Our aim was to quantify the effect of drilling on splatter generation within the orthopaedic operative setting. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Early migration of a medially stabilized total knee arthroplasty : a radiostereometric analysis study up to two years.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):737-744

Institute of Clinical Medicine, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway.

Aims: Medial pivot (MP) total knee arthroplasties (TKAs) were designed to mimic native knee kinematics with their deep medial congruent fitting of the tibia to the femur almost like a ball-on-socket, and a flat lateral part. GMK Sphere is a novel MP implant. Our primary aim was to study the migration pattern of the tibial tray of this TKA. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Telemedicine in orthopaedic surgery during the COVID-19 pandemic : patient attitudes and barriers.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):745-751

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Rehabilitation, University of Miami/Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, Florida, USA.

Aims: This study assesses patient barriers to successful telemedicine care in orthopaedic practices in a large academic practice in the COVID-19 era.

Methods: In all, 381 patients scheduled for telemedicine visits with three orthopaedic surgeons in a large academic practice from 1 April 2020 to 12 June 2020 were asked to participate in a telephone survey using a standardized Institutional Review Board-approved script. An unsuccessful telemedicine visit was defined as patient-reported difficulty of use or reported dissatisfaction with teleconferencing. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

The role of Vitamin D in orthopaedic infection: a systematic literature review.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):721-727

Orthopaedics and Trauma, St George's Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: Orthopaedic infection is a potentially serious complication of elective and emergency trauma and orthopaedic procedures, with a high associated burden of morbidity and cost. Optimization of vitamin D levels has been postulated to be beneficial in the prevention of orthopaedic infection. This study explores the role of vitamin D in orthopaedic infection through a systematic review of available evidence. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Two-year results of a multi-centre, randomized controlled trial comparing a second-generation uncemented trabecular metal-backed versus cemented polyethylene glenoid component in total shoulder arthroplasty.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):728-736

Arthritis Research Canada, Richmond, Canada.

Aims: To report early (two-year) postoperative findings from a randomized controlled trial (RCT) investigating disease-specific quality of life (QOL), clinical, patient-reported, and radiological outcomes in patients undergoing a total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) with a second-generation uncemented trabecular metal (TM) glenoid versus a cemented polyethylene glenoid (POLY) component.

Methods: Five fellowship-trained surgeons from three centres participated. Patients aged between 18 and 79 years with a primary diagnosis of glenohumeral osteoarthritis were screened for eligibility. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Waiting time for hip fracture surgery: hospital variation, causes, and effects on postoperative mortality : data on 37,708 operations reported to the Norwegian Hip fracture Register from 2014 to 2018.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):710-720

Centre for Clinical Documentation and Evaluation (SKDE), Northern Norway Regional Health Authority, Sykehusveien, Tromsø, Norway.

Aims: This study aimed to describe preoperative waiting times for surgery in hip fracture patients in Norway, and analyze factors affecting waiting time and potential negative consequences of prolonged waiting time.

Methods: Overall, 37,708 hip fractures in the Norwegian Hip Fracture Register from January 2014 to December 2018 were linked with data in the Norwegian Patient Registry. Hospitals treating hip fractures were characterized according to their hip fracture care. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Development of a patient-reported outcome measure in limb reconstruction : a pilot study assessing face validity.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):705-709

Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital NHS Trust, London, UK.

Aims: Patients undergoing limb reconstruction surgery often face a challenging and lengthy process to complete their treatment journey. The majority of existing outcome measures do not adequately capture the patient-reported outcomes relevant to this patient group in a single measure. Following a previous systematic review, the Stanmore Limb Reconstruction Score (SLRS) was designed with the intent to address this need for an effective instrument to measure patient-reported outcomes in limb reconstruction patients. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

An algorithmic approach to total hip arthroplasty in patient with post-polio paralysis and fixed pelvic obliquity.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Sep;2(9):696-704

Orthopaedics department, Medicover Hospital, Madhapur, India.

Aims: Total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with post-polio residual paralysis (PPRP) is challenging. Despite relief in pain after THA, pre-existing muscle imbalance and altered gait may cause persistence of difficulty in walking. The associated soft tissue contractures not only imbalances the pelvis, but also poses the risk of dislocation, accelerated polyethylene liner wear, and early loosening. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
September 2021

Cost-effectiveness of surgical treatments compared with early structured physiotherapy in secondary care for adults with primary frozen shoulder : an economic evaluation of the UK FROST trial.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):685-695

York Trials Unit, Department of Health Sciences, University of York, York, UK.

Aims: A pragmatic multicentre randomized controlled trial, UK FROzen Shoulder Trial (UK FROST), was conducted in the UK NHS comparing the cost-effectiveness of commonly used treatments for adults with primary frozen shoulder in secondary care.

Methods: A cost utility analysis from the NHS perspective was performed. Differences between manipulation under anaesthesia (MUA), arthroscopic capsular release (ACR), and early structured physiotherapy plus steroid injection (ESP) in costs (2018 GBP price base) and quality adjusted life years (QALYs) at one year were used to estimate the cost-effectiveness of the treatments using regression methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Brusatol-Enriched Brucea javanica Oil Ameliorated Dextran Sulfate Sodium-Induced Colitis in Mice: Involvement of NF-B and RhoA/ROCK Signaling Pathways.

Biomed Res Int 2021 9;2021:5561221. Epub 2021 Aug 9.

School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou 510000, China.

Brucea javanica oil (BJO) is beneficial for the treatment of ulcerative colitis (UC), and that quassinoids in particular brusatol are bioactive components. However, it is still uncertain whether or not other components in BJO, such as oleic acid and fatty acids, have an anti-UC effect. The present study is aimed at comparing the anti-UC effects between brusatol-enriched BJO (BE-BJO) and brusatol-free BJO (BF-BJO) and at exploring the effects and mechanisms of BE-BJO on colon inflammation and intestinal epithelial barrier function. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Association between surgical wait time and hospital length of stay in primary total knee and hip arthroplasty.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):679-684

Division of Orthopaedic Surgery, Nova Scotia Health Authority, Halifax, Canada.

Aims: In countries with social healthcare systems, such as Canada, patients may experience long wait times and a decline in their health status prior to their operation. The aim of this study is to explore the association between long preoperative wait times (WT) and acute hospital length of stay (LoS) for primary arthroplasty of the knee and hip.

Methods: The study population was obtained from the provincial Patient Access Registry Nova Scotia (PARNS) and the Canadian national hospital Discharge Access Database (DAD). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Three-stage revision arthroplasty for the treatment of fungal periprosthetic joint infection: outcome analysis of a novel treatment algorithm : a prospective study.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):671-678

Department of General and Trauma Surgery, BG University Hospital Bergmannsheil, Ruhr-University Bochum, Bochum, Germany.

Aims: Fungal periprosthetic joint infections (fPJIs) are rare complications, constituting only 1% of all PJIs. Neither a uniform definition for fPJI has been established, nor a standardized treatment regimen. Compared to bacterial PJI, there is little evidence for fPJI in the literature with divergent results. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Catching the second wave: clinical characteristics and nosocomial infection rates in major trauma and orthopaedic patients during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):661-670

Trauma and Orthopaedics, St George's University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Aims: The new COVID-19 variant was reported by the authorities of the UK to the World Health Organization (WHO) on 14 December 2020. We aim to describe the clinical characteristics and nosocomial infection rates in major trauma and orthopaedic patients comparing the first and second wave of COVID-19 infection.

Methods: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected trauma database was reviewed at a level 1 major trauma centre from 1 December 2020 to 18 February 2021 looking at demographics, clinical characteristics, and nosocomial infections and compared to our previously published first wave data (26 January 2020 to 14 April 2020). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the length of stay following total hip and knee arthroplasty in a high volume elective orthopaedic unit.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):655-660

Croydon University Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: Elective orthopaedic services have had to adapt to significant system-wide pressures since the emergence of COVID-19 in December 2019. Length of stay is often recognized as a key marker of quality of care in patients undergoing arthroplasty. Expeditious discharge is key in establishing early rehabilitation and in reducing infection risk, both procedure-related and from COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Comparative effectiveness of treatment options for displaced midshaft clavicle fractures : a systematic review and network meta-analysis.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):646-654

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Arizona College of Medicine, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Aims: The aims of this network meta-analysis (NMA) were to examine nonunion rates and functional outcomes following various operative and nonoperative treatments for displaced mid-shaft clavicle fractures.

Methods: Initial search strategy incorporated MEDLINE, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Library for relevant randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Four treatment arms were created: nonoperative (NO); intramedullary nailing (IMN); reconstruction plating (RP); and compression/pre-contoured plating (CP). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The revision partial knee classification system: understanding the causative pathology and magnitude of further surgery following partial knee arthroplasty.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):638-645

MSk Lab, Sir Michael Uren Biomedical Engineering Research Hub, Imperial College London, London, UK.

Aims: Joint registries classify all further arthroplasty procedures to a knee with an existing partial arthroplasty as revision surgery, regardless of the actual procedure performed. Relatively minor procedures, including bearing exchanges, are classified in the same way as major operations requiring augments and stems. A new classification system is proposed to acknowledge and describe the detail of these procedures, which has implications for risk, recovery, and health economics. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Outcome and complications following revision shoulder arthroplasty : a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):618-630

Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, UK.

Aims: It is important to understand the rate of complications associated with the increasing burden of revision shoulder arthroplasty. Currently, this has not been well quantified. This review aims to address that deficiency with a focus on complication and reoperation rates, shoulder outcome scores, and comparison of anatomical and reverse prostheses when used in revision surgery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Barriers to recruitment to an orthopaedic randomized controlled trial comparing two surgical procedures for ankle arthritis : a qualitative study.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):631-637

The Wellington Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: A multicentre, randomized, clinician-led, pragmatic, parallel-group orthopaedic trial of two surgical procedures was set up to obtain high-quality evidence of effectiveness. However, the trial faced recruitment challenges and struggled to maintain recruitment rates over 30%, although this is not unusual for surgical trials. We conducted a qualitative study with the aim of gathering information about recruitment practices to identify barriers to patient consent and participation to an orthopaedic trial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The effect of calcar femoral neck plating on vascularity of the femoral head and neck.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):611-617

Orthopaedic Trauma Service, Hospital for Special Surgery, New York Presbyterian Hospital, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, New York, USA.

Aims: Surgical treatment of young femoral neck fractures often requires an open approach to achieve an anatomical reduction. The application of a calcar plate has recently been described to aid in femoral neck fracture reduction and to augment fixation. However, application of a plate may potentially compromise the regional vascularity of the femoral head and neck. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Analysis of retrieved STRYDE nails.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):599-610

The Royal National Orthopaedic Hospital, London, UK.

Aims: The aim of this study was to present the first retrieval analysis findings of PRECICE STRYDE intermedullary nails removed from patients, providing useful information in the post-market surveillance of these recently introduced devices.

Methods: We collected ten nails removed from six patients, together with patient clinical data and plain radiograph imaging. We performed macro- and microscopic analysis of all surfaces and graded the presence of corrosion using validated semiquantitative scoring methods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Should closed reduction of the dislocated hip be attempted after failed Pavlik harness treatment in developmental dysplasia of the hip?

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):584-588

Musgrave Park Hospital, Belfast, UK.

Aims: To determine the likelihood of achieving a successful closed reduction (CR) of a dislocated hip in developmental dysplasia of the hip (DDH) after failed Pavlik harness treatment We report the rate of avascular necrosis (AVN) and the need for further surgical procedures.

Methods: Data was obtained from the Northern Ireland DDH database. All children who underwent an attempted closed reduction between 2011 and 2016 were identified. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

What can we learn from the experiences and expectations of patients on growing waiting lists for planned care in the COVID-19 pandemic?

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):573-583

AToMS-Academic Team of Musculoskeletal Surgery, Undercroft, University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust, Leicester, UK.

Aims: COVID-19 has compounded a growing waiting list problem, with over 4.5 million patients now waiting for planned elective care in the UK. Views of patients on waiting lists are rarely considered in prioritization. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Variation of synovial fluid leucocyte cell count and polymorphonuclear percentage in patients with aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):566-572

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Charite Universitatsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Berlin, Germany.

Aims: Current guidelines consider analyses of joint aspirates, including leucocyte cell count (LC) and polymorphonuclear percentage (PMN%) as a diagnostic mainstay of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI). It is unclear if these parameters are subject to a certain degree of variability over time. Therefore, the aim of this study was to evaluate the variation of LC and PMN% in patients with aseptic revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Two-year postoperative MRI appearances of anterior cruciate ligament hamstrings autografts are not correlated with functional outcomes, anterior laxity, or patient age.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Aug;2(8):569-575

Clinique du Sport de Bordeaux-Mérignac, Bordeaux, France.

Aims: MRI has been suggested as an objective method of assessing anterior crucate ligament (ACL) graft "ligamentization" after reconstruction. It has been proposed that the MRI appearances could be used as an indicator of graft maturity and used as part of a return-to-sport assessment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between MRI graft signal and postoperative functional scores, anterior knee laxity, and patient age at operation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Are orthopaedic providers willing to work overtime to address COVID-19-related patient backlogs and financial deficits?

Bone Jt Open 2021 Jul;2(7):562-568

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Henry Ford Health Systems, Detroit, Michigan, USA.

Aims: COVID-19-related patient care delays have resulted in an unprecedented patient care backlog in the field of orthopaedics. The objective of this study is to examine orthopaedic provider preferences regarding the patient care backlog and financial recovery initiatives in response to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Methods: An orthopaedic research consortium at a multi-hospital tertiary care academic medical system developed a three-part survey examining provider perspectives on strategies to expand orthopaedic patient care and financial recovery. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

CT-based volumetric assessment of rotator cuff muscle in shoulder arthroplasty preoperative planning.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Jul;2(7):552-561

Centre Orthopédique Santy, Lyon, France.

Aims: The aim of this study was to describe a quantitative 3D CT method to measure rotator cuff muscle volume, atrophy, and balance in healthy controls and in three pathological shoulder cohorts.

Methods: In all, 102 CT scans were included in the analysis: 46 healthy, 21 cuff tear arthropathy (CTA), 18 irreparable rotator cuff tear (IRCT), and 17 primary osteoarthritis (OA). The four rotator cuff muscles were manually segmented and their volume, including intramuscular fat, was calculated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Converting hip and knee arthroplasty cases to same-day surgery due to COVID-19.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Jul;2(7):545-551

Orthopaedics, St Michael's Hospital, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Aims: In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic meant that proceeding with elective surgery was restricted to minimize exposure on wards. In order to maintain throughput of elective cases, our hospital (St Michaels Hospital, Toronto, Canada) was forced to convert as many cases as possible to same-day procedures rather than overnight admission. In this retrospective analysis, we review the cases performed as same-day arthroplasty surgeries compared to the same period in the previous 12 months. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors associated with patient-reported outcomes following coccygectomy for chronic coccydynia.

Bone Jt Open 2021 Jul;2(7):540-544

Center for Spine Surgery & Research, Middelfart Hospital, Middelfart, Denmark.

Aims: The aim of this study was to identify factors associated with poor outcome following coccygectomy on patients with chronic coccydynia and instability of the coccyx.

Methods: From the Danish National Spine Registry, DaneSpine, 134 consecutive patients were identified from a single centre who had coccygectomy from 2011 to 2019. Patient demographic data and patient-reported outcomes, including pain measured on a visual analogue scale (VAS), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), EuroQol five-dimension five-level questionnaire, and 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey questionnaire (SF-36) were obtained at baseline and at one-year follow-up. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF