65,537 results match your criteria birth rate


Changes in institutional oxygen saturation targets are associated with an increased rate of severe retinopathy of prematurity.

J AAPOS 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia Pennsylvania; Scheie Eye Institute, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. Electronic address:

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of changes in institutional peripheral oxygen saturation (SpO) targets, made in response to recent randomized trials, on risk of developing severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP).

Methods: This study was a secondary analysis of data from 21 North American hospitals during the periods 2006-2012 and 2015-2017. Hospitals were categorized based on whether or not SpO targets were increased between the two study periods. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Effects of continuous glucose monitoring on maternal and neonatal outcomes in perinatal women with diabetes: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2022 Jan 12:109192. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Alice Lee Centre for Nursing Studies, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Electronic address:

Aims: This systematic review aims to assess the effects of continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) on maternal and neonatal outcomes in perinatal women with diabetes.

Methods: A three-step comprehensive search was conducted based on the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis guideline. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were retrieved from international databases of PubMed, Embase, Cochrane Library, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Scopus from their respective inception dates until 5 January 2021. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

A Mixed-Methods Study of the Effect of Abdominal Binders on Opioid Use and Postoperative Pain After Cesarean Birth.

Nurs Womens Health 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Objective: To compare levels of postoperative oxycodone use and incisional pain between two randomized groups-an intervention and a control.

Design: Mixed-methods design; quantitative data achieved via a randomized controlled trial, with qualitative data collected on binder use. The primary variable was oxycodone (in milligrams) required during the first 48 hours after birth, and the secondary variable was incisional pain levels measured on Postoperative Days 1 and 2. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Missed opportunities for concomitant HPV vaccination among childhood cancer survivors.

Cancer Med 2022 Jan 14. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Cancer Control and Population Sciences, Huntsman Cancer Institute, Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.

Purpose: Childhood cancer survivors are at higher risk of human papillomavirus (HPV)-related second cancers than adolescents without cancer, yet their HPV vaccination uptake is lower. Using a statewide sample, we evaluated whether survivors are at higher risk of missed opportunities for concomitant HPV vaccination.

Methods: From statewide healthcare data, we identified encounters where vaccines were received. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Maximizing live birth rates cannot be the only key performance indicator of IVF.

Reprod Biomed Online 2021 Nov 24. Epub 2021 Nov 24.

Create Fertility, Birmingham, 6270 Bishops Court, Solihull Parkway, Birmingham Business Park, Birmingham B37 7YB.

The success of IVF is currently measured by pregnancy or live birth rate only, without any consideration given to health outcomes for the woman and baby and the total cost of treatment. A successful IVF cycle should be redefined as the birth of a healthy singleton baby at term, without compromising the health and safety of the woman and baby achieved at the lowest possible cost. We recommend that the performance indices for an IVF programme should be based on a weighted scoring system according to live birth per embryo transferred, cumulative live birth rate over 1 year, total cost of treatment cycle and maternal and perinatal outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

Oocyte donation: not all oocyte cryobanks are the same.

Reprod Biomed Online 2021 Oct 29. Epub 2021 Oct 29.

SISMER, Reproductive Medicine Unit, Via Mazzini 12, Bologna 40138, Italy.

Research Question: Is the efficacy of imported vitrified oocyte donation affected by the cryobank of origin?

Design: Longitudinal cohort study, including 249 completed oocyte warming cycles from 200 recipients (January 2016-July 2020). No severe male factor was included. Vitrified oocytes were provided by three Spanish cryobanks. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
October 2021

The association between chronic deciduitis and preeclampsia.

J Reprod Immunol 2022 Jan 7;150:103474. Epub 2022 Jan 7.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Shiga University of Medical Science, Seta Tsukinowa-cho, Otsu, Shiga 520-2192, Japan. Electronic address:

Chronic deciduitis (CD) is slight inflammation of the decidua found during pregnancy. The cause of preeclampsia is thought to be placental hypoplasia, and various theories have been proposed to explain the detailed mechanism; however, its association with decidual inflammation is unclear. A retrospective case control study was conducted in a single university. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

The impact of birthweight on subsequent phenotype of type 2 diabetes in later life.

Diabet Med 2022 Jan 14:e14792. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

University of Dundee, School of Medicine, Department of Population Health and Genomics.

Aims: It is well established that low birthweight is associated with subsequent risk of type 2 diabetes (T2DM). The aim of our study was to use a large birth cohort linked to a national diabetes registry to investigate how birthweight impacts on the phenotype at diagnosis of T2DM and the subsequent rate of glycaemic deterioration.

Methods: We linked the Walker Birth Cohort (48,000 births, 1952-1966, Tayside, Scotland) to the national diabetes registry in Scotland (SCI-Diabetes). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

An analysis of the HIV testing cascade of a group of HIV-exposed infants from birth to 18 months in peri-urban Khayelitsha, South Africa.

PLoS One 2022 14;17(1):e0262518. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Division of Medical Virology, Department of Pathology, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Despite the reduction of HIV mother-to-child transmission, there are concerns regarding transmission rate in the breastfeeding period. We describe the routine uptake of 6 or 10 (6/10) weeks, 9 months and 18 months testing, with and without tracing, in a cohort of infants who received HIV PCR testing at birth (birth PCR) (with and without point of care (POC) testing) in a peri-urban primary health care setting in Khayelitsha, South Africa.

Methods: In this cohort study conducted between November 2014 and February 2018, HIV-positive mothers and their HIV-exposed babies were recruited at birth and all babies were tested with birth PCR. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Effect of serum vitamin D level before ovarian stimulation on the cumulative live birth rate of women undergoing in vitro fertilization: a retrospective analysis.

Endocr Connect 2022 Jan 1. Epub 2022 Jan 1.

E Ng, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, Hong Kong.

Objective: Vitamin D receptors are present in the female reproductive tract. Studies on the association between serum vitamin D level and pregnancy rate of in vitro fertilization (IVF) showed inconsistent results and focused on a single fresh or frozen embryo transfer cycle. The objective of our study was to evaluate if serum vitamin D level before ovarian stimulation was associated with the cumulative live birth rate (CLBR) of the first IVF cycle. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Nicotine Ingestion Reduces Heart Rate Variability in Young Healthy Adults.

Biomed Res Int 2022 4;2022:4286621. Epub 2022 Jan 4.

Henan Provincial People's Hospital, Henan Provincial Key Laboratory of Genetic Diseases and Functional Genomics, National Health Commission Key Laboratory of Birth Defects Prevention, Medical Genetic Institute of Henan Province, People's Hospital of Zhengzhou University, People's Hospital of Henan University, Zhengzhou 450003, China.

Around the whole world, smoking is considered harmful to human health, such as increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD, such as coronary heart disease and stroke) and lung cancer. The purpose of this study was to explore whether nicotine, the main component of tobacco, has adverse effects on heart rate variability (HRV) in adolescents, so as to remind adolescents not to smoke and not to take pleasure in abusing nicotine. In this study, 40 male and 40 female young healthy nonsmoking subjects were selected to analyze the changes of HRV after taking 4 mg nicotine orally. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

The Prevalence of Subclinical Hypothyroidism During Early Pregnancy in Pakistan: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Cureus 2021 Dec 10;13(12):e20316. Epub 2021 Dec 10.

Medical Affairs, Abbott Laboratories (Pakistan) Limited, Karachi, PAK.

Introduction Subclinical hypothyroidism (SCH) during early pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of miscarriage or premature birth. In Pakistan, the prevalence of SCH among pregnant women is not well documented. This multi-center study aims at identifying the prevalence of SCH among Pakistani pregnant women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

Endovascular reconstruction of aortoiliac occlusive disease in a case with claudication and an ectopic pelvic kidney.

Ann Med Surg (Lond) 2022 Jan 21;73:103205. Epub 2021 Dec 21.

Department of General Surgery, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Introduction And Importance: Ectopic kidney is a rare anomaly with an incidence of about 1 in 2500 birth in the population. Concurrency of pelvic kidney and iliac occlusion is rare, and the treatment is challenging because the pelvic kidney is associated with an atypical blood supply.

Case Presentation: We reported a 68-year-old man with aortoiliac stenosis, right pelvic kidney, and high-risk cardiovascular comorbidities. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Comparison of Frozen Embryo Transfer Outcomes Between Uterine Infusion of Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor and Growth Hormone Application in Patients With Thin Endometrium: A Retrospective Study.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 28;12:725202. Epub 2021 Dec 28.

Department of Reproductive Medicine, Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, China.

Objective: To investigate the effect of two treatments on the outcome of freeze-thaw embryo transfer for pregnancy assistance in thin endometrium.

Methods: A retrospective study was conducted on 66 patients who failed in the first cycle treated in the reproductive medicine center of the Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University from January 2018 to December 2019. Granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) was used through cavity infusion in one group (n=25, and growth hormone (GH) was subcutaneously injected in the group (n=41). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021

SARS-CoV-2 infection and COVID-19 vaccination rates in pregnant women in Scotland.

Nat Med 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

University of Edinburgh Usher Institute, Edinburgh, UK.

Population-level data on COVID-19 vaccine uptake in pregnancy and SARS-CoV-2 infection outcomes are lacking. We describe COVID-19 vaccine uptake and SARS-CoV-2 infection in pregnant women in Scotland, using whole-population data from a national, prospective cohort. Between the start of a COVID-19 vaccine program in Scotland, on 8 December 2020 and 31 October 2021, 25,917 COVID-19 vaccinations were given to 18,457 pregnant women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

MicroRNA Expression in Neonates with Late-onset Sepsis - A Cross-sectional Comparative Study.

Immunol Invest 2022 Jan 14:1-13. Epub 2022 Jan 14.

Department of Neonatology, Jawaharlal Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education and Research (Jipmer), Puducherry, India.

Background: Neonatal sepsis is a major health concern among neonates with higher morbidity and mortality rate. Studies have recently speculated the importance of differential expression of circulating mature micro-RNAs (miRNAs) which could serve as diagnostic as well as prognostic markers for risk of mortality in neonatal sepsis. This study aimed to analyze the expression pattern and to assess the diagnostic/prognostic value of miRNAs , and in late-onset neonatal sepsis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Optimal individualization of patient-oriented ovarian stimulation in Japanese assisted reproductive technology clinics, a review for unique setting with advanced-age patients.

J Obstet Gynaecol Res 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Saitama Medical University, Saitama, Japan.

Ovarian stimulation is a key issue in assisted reproductive technology (ART) treatment. ART practice in Japan is unique with various types of ovarian stimulation protocols, which may contribute to lower pregnancy rates compared to other countries. This review aims to clarify optimal individualized ovarian stimulation for improving the pregnancy rate per one oocyte retrieval cycle in Japan. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Toxoplasmosis impact on prematurity and low birth weight.

PLoS One 2022 13;17(1):e0262593. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

OBGYN dpt. Amedeana, Prague, Czech Republic.

Background: Toxoplasma gondii, one of the most common parasites, causes toxoplasmosis, one of the most frequent zoonotic diseases worldwide. T. gondii infects about one-third of the world's population. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Infant Mortality and Maternal Risk Factors in Texas: Highlighting Zip Code Variations in 2 At-Risk Counties, 2011-2015.

Prev Chronic Dis 2022 Jan 13;19:E02. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

University of Texas Health Science Center, Tyler, Texas.

Introduction: Stark differences in the infant mortality rate (IMR) exist by geography in Texas. The Healthy Families initiative sought to understand how evidence-informed practices implemented in the community can improve pregnancy-related outcomes in 2 counties in Texas with a high prevalence of maternal chronic conditions. The objective of this study was to examine associations between maternal risk factors and infant deaths to inform strategies to improve outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Duration of the second stage of labor and risk of subsequent spontaneous preterm birth.

BJOG 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Hadassah-Hebrew University Medical Center and Faculty of Medicine, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel.

Objectives: To determine the risk of spontaneous preterm birth (sPTB) associated with the length of second stage of labor in the first term delivery.

Design: Retrospective cohort study.

Setting: University hospital. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Differentials in prevalence and correlates on uptake of tetanus toxoid and intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine during pregnancy: A community-based cross-sectional study in The Gambia.

SAGE Open Med 2022 5;10:20503121211065908. Epub 2022 Jan 5.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Edward Francis Small Teaching Hospital, Banjul, The Gambia.

Objectives: The study examined the differentials in prevalence and correlates on the uptake of tetanus toxoid and intermittent preventive treatment of malaria among pregnant women in The Gambia.

Methods: The 2018 data from The Gambia Multiple Indicators Cluster Survey were analyzed. Data from 6143 women of reproductive age who have given birth were extracted for the analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Respiratory Syncytial Virus-Associated Hospital Admissions and Bed Days in Children <5 Years of Age in 7 European Countries.

J Infect Dis 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Centre for Global Health, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom.

Background: Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) is a leading cause of respiratory tract infections (RTIs) in young children. High-quality country-specific estimates of bed days and length of stay (LOS) show the population burden of RSV-RTI on secondary care services and the burden among patients, and can be used to inform RSV immunization implementation decisions.

Methods: We estimated the hospital burden of RSV-associated RTI (RSV-RTI) in children under 5 years in 7 European countries (Finland, Denmark, Norway, Scotland, England, the Netherlands, and Italy) using routinely collected hospital databases during 2001-2018. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

The role of blood product removal in intraventricular hemorrhage of prematurity: a meta-analysis of the clinical evidence.

Childs Nerv Syst 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Department of Neurological Surgery, Anne and Robert H. Lurie Children's Hospital, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, 225 E Chicago Ave, Box 28, Chicago, IL, 60611, USA.

Introduction: Premature neonates have a high risk of intraventricular hemorrhage (IVH) at birth, the blood products of which activate inflammatory cascades that can cause hydrocephalus and long-term neurological morbidities and sequelae. However, there is no consensus for one treatment strategy. While the mainstay of treatment involves CSF diversion to reduce intracranial pressure, a number of interventions focus on blood product removal at various stages including extraventricular drains (EVD), intra-ventricular thrombolytics, drainage-irrigation-fibrinolytic therapy (DRIFT), and neuroendoscopic lavage (NEL). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Correlations of gestational hemoglobin, placental mineral elements and reproductive performances in pregnant sows.

J Anim Sci 2022 Jan 11. Epub 2022 Jan 11.

Laboratory of Animal Nutritional Physiology and Metabolic Process, Key Laboratory of Agro-ecological Processes in Subtropical Region, Institute of Subtropical Agriculture, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changsha, Hunan 410125, China.

Iron status of sows has a great influence on reproductive performance. Iron deficiency reduces reproductive performance and newborn piglet survival rate of sow. The hemoglobin is a potential predictor for iron status of sows and is convenient for rapid detection in pig farms. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Potentially Pathogenic Organisms in Stools and Their Association With Acute Diarrheal Illness in Children Aged <2 Years.

J Pediatric Infect Dis Soc 2022 Jan 10. Epub 2022 Jan 10.

Menzies Health Institute Queensland and School of Medicine and Dentistry, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia.

Background: Acute diarrheal illness (ADI) causes a substantial disease burden in high-income countries. We investigated associations between potentially pathogenic organisms in stools and ADI by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) in Australian children aged <2 years.

Methods: Children in a community-based birth cohort had gastrointestinal symptoms recorded daily and stool samples collected weekly until their second birthday. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Adolescent fertility and its determinants in Kenya: Evidence from Kenya demographic and health survey 2014.

PLoS One 2022 12;17(1):e0262016. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Population Studies and Research Institute, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya.

Background: Adolescent fertility in Kenya is vital in the development and execution of reproductive health policies and programs. One of the specific objectives of the Kenyan Adolescent Sexual Reproductive Health (ASRH) policy developed in 2015 is to decrease early and unintended pregnancies in an attempt to reduce adolescent fertility. We aimed to establish determinants of adolescent fertility in Kenya. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Neonatal pulmonary hypertension after severe early-onset fetal growth restriction: post hoc reflections on the Dutch STRIDER study.

Eur J Pediatr 2022 Jan 12. Epub 2022 Jan 12.

Amsterdam UMC, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Amsterdam, Meibergdreef 9, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

The aim was to reflect on the unexpected finding of persistent pulmonary hypertension of the neonate (PPHN) and pulmonary hypertension in infants born within the Dutch STRIDER trial, its definition and possible pathophysiological mechanisms. The trial randomly assigned pregnant women with severe early-onset fetal growth restriction to sildenafil 25 mg three times a day versus placebo. Sildenafil use did not reduce perinatal mortality and morbidity, but did result in a higher rate of neonatal pulmonary hypertension (PH). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Early life factors as predictors of age-associated deficit accumulation across 17 years from midlife into old age.

J Gerontol A Biol Sci Med Sci 2022 Jan 9. Epub 2022 Jan 9.

Folkhälsan Research Center, Helsinki, Finland.

Background: Early life exposures have been associated with the risk of frailty in old age. We investigated whether early life exposures predict the level and rate of change in a frailty index (FI) from midlife into old age.

Methods: A linear mixed model analysis was performed using data from three measurement occasions over 17 years in participants from the Helsinki Birth Cohort Study (n=2000) aged 57-84 years. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
January 2022

Maternal Periodontal Disease: A Possible Risk Factor for Adverse Pregnancy Outcomes in the Qassim Region of Saudi Arabia.

J Pharm Bioallied Sci 2021 Nov 10;13(Suppl 2):S1723-S1727. Epub 2021 Nov 10.

Department of Preventive Dentistry, College of Dentistry in Alrass, Qassim University, Qassim, Buraydah, Saudi Arabia, India.

Background And Aims: In periodontal disease, pathogenic inflammatory factors hold a vital part in adverse pregnancy outcomes. In recent years, there has been a large amount of literature concerning the association between periodontal disease and adverse pregnancy outcomes such as preterm birth (PTB) and low-birth-weight baby (LBWB). In the Middle-east region, reports indicate a higher rate of adverse pregnancy outcomes, and periodontitis is believed to be one of several risk factors for adverse pregnancy outcomes. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
November 2021

A systematic review and meta-analysis of the timing of indwelling catheter extubation in patients undergoing gynecological and obstetric surgery.

Authors:
Xin Liao Li Xie

Ann Palliat Med 2021 Dec;10(12):12519-12528

Department of Operating Room, West China Second University Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China; West China School of Nursing, Sichuan University, Chengdu, China; Key Laboratory of Birth Defects and Related Diseases of Women and Children, Sichuan University, Ministry of Education, Chengdu, China.

Background: The timing of urinary catheter removal after gynecological and obstetric surgery remains controversial. This meta-analysis investigated the optimal timing of urinary catheter removal.

Methods: The PubMed, Ovid Medline, Cochrane, and Embase databases were searched for literatures published between 2010 and 2021 relating to randomized controlled studies examining the timing of catheter removal. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
December 2021