187 results match your criteria biomarkers incrementally


Routinely measured cardiac troponin I and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide as predictors of mortality in haemodialysis patients.

ESC Heart Fail 2022 Jan 13. Epub 2022 Jan 13.

Fukuoka Renal Clinic, Fukuoka, Japan.

Aims: Cardiac troponin (cTn) and B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) are elevated in haemodialysis (HD) patients, and this elevation is associated with HD-induced myocardial stunning/myocardial strain. However, studies using data from the international Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) have shown that these cardiac biomarkers are measured in <2% of HD patients in real-world practice. This study aimed to examine whether routinely measured N-terminal pro-BNP (NT-proBNP) and cTnI (contemporary assay) are more appropriate than clinical models for reclassifying the risk of HD patients who have the highest risk of death. Read More

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January 2022

Impaired Cardiac Sympathetic Innervation Increases the Risk of Cardiac Events in Heart Failure Patients with Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Mechanical Dyssynchrony.

J Clin Med 2021 Oct 28;10(21). Epub 2021 Oct 28.

Department of Cardiovascular, Renal and Metabolic Medicine, Sapporo Medical University, Sapporo 060-8543, Japan.

Background: Left ventricular mechanical dyssynchrony (LVMD), left ventricular hypertrophy, and impaired cardiac sympathetic innervation are closely related to the development of heart failure (HF) and unfavorable outcomes.

Methods And Results: A total of 705 consecutive HF patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (EF) < 50% were registered in our hospital HF database. LVMD and left ventricular mass index (LVMI) were evaluated three-dimensionally by gated myocardial perfusion SPECT. Read More

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October 2021

Nested and adjacent subgroups in cancer clinical trials: When the best interests of companies and patients diverge.

Eur J Cancer 2021 09 10;155:163-167. Epub 2021 Aug 10.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

The design of clinical trials with outcomes reported in cohorts including nested subgroups is common in novel agents seeking new indications for approval. This structure represents a tension between drug companies that have an incentive to pursue broad biomarker-agnostic approvals and patients whose best interest is to identify the subgroup(s) most likely to benefit from the drug. Programmed death ligand 1 (PD-L1) and checkpoint inhibitors are a prominent example with early trials reporting efficacy of checkpoint inhibitors in cohorts with high levels of PD-L1. Read More

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September 2021

sMAdCAM: IL-6 Ratio Influences Disease Progression and Anti-Viral Responses in SARS-CoV-2 Infection.

Front Immunol 2021 14;12:619906. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Biochemistry & Virology, ICMR-NIRRH, Mumbai, India.

The role of sMAdCAM, an important gut immune migratory marker, remains unexplored in COVID-19 pathogenesis considering recent studies positing the gut as a sanctuary site for SARS-CoV-2 persistence. Thus, assimilating profiles of systemic inflammatory mediators with sMAdCAM levels may provide insights into the progression of COVID-19 disease. Also, the role of these markers in governing virus specific immunity following infection remains largely unexplored. Read More

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Undenatured type II collagen mitigates inflammation and cartilage degeneration in healthy Labrador Retrievers during an exercise regimen.

Transl Anim Sci 2021 Apr 10;5(2):txab084. Epub 2021 May 10.

Four Rivers Kennel, LLC, Walker, MO 64790, USA.

The aim of this experiment was to evaluate the effect of undenatured type II collagen supplementation on inflammation and cartilage degeneration after exercise in healthy dogs. Forty healthy Labrador Retrievers (20 male/20 female; range 5-12 yr; average 8 yr) were sorted into two groups: undenatured type II collagen group receiving 40 mg UC-II (10 mg collagen type II/min. 3% undenatured type II collagen; Lonza Consumer Health, Inc. Read More

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Elevated plasma fatty acid-binding protein 3 is related to prolonged corrected QT interval and reduced ejection fraction in patients with stable angina.

Int J Med Sci 2021 11;18(9):2076-2085. Epub 2021 Mar 11.

Department of Emergency, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung, 82445 Taiwan.

Higher concentrations of plasma fatty acid-binding protein 3 (FABP3) play a role in the development of cardiovascular events, cerebrovascular deaths, and acute heart failure. However, little is known about the relationship between plasma FABP3 level and prolonged QT interval and reduced ejection fraction (EF). This study aimed to investigate the relationship between plasma FABP3 level and prolonged corrected QT (QTc) interval and reduced EF in patients with stable angina. Read More

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November 2021

Familial Burden and Other Clinical Factors Associated With Various Types of Cancer in Individuals With Lynch Syndrome.

Gastroenterology 2021 07 29;161(1):143-150.e4. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Dana-Farber Cancer Institute, Boston, Massachusetts; Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; Brigham & Women's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts. Electronic address:

Background & Aims: Lynch syndrome (LS) is associated with increased risks of various gastrointestinal, gynecologic, genitourinary, and other cancers. Many clinical practice guidelines recommend that LS carriers' screening strategies be devised based on their family history of various cancers, in addition to age-, sex-, and gene-specific considerations. The aim of this study was to examine the association between family history and other clinical factors with LS carriers' histories of various cancers. Read More

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Metabolites and diabetes remission after weight loss.

Nutr Diabetes 2021 02 24;11(1):10. Epub 2021 Feb 24.

New York Obesity Research Center, Division of Endocrinology, Department of Medicine, Columbia University College of Physicians and Surgeons, New York, NY, USA.

There is marked heterogeneity in the response to weight loss interventions with regards to weight loss amount and metabolic improvement. We sought to identify biomarkers predictive of type 2 diabetes remission and amount of weight loss in individuals with severe obesity enrolled in the Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (LABS) and the Look AHEAD (Action for Health in Diabetes) studies. Targeted mass spectrometry-based profiling of 135 metabolites was performed in pre-intervention blood samples using a nested design for diabetes remission over five years (n = 93 LABS, n = 80 Look AHEAD; n = 87 remitters), and for extremes of weight loss at five years (n = 151 LABS; n = 75 with high weight loss). Read More

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February 2021

Serum cholinesterase as a prognostic biomarker for acute heart failure.

Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2021 May;10(3):335-342

Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Kyoto University Graduate School of Medicine, 54 Shogoin Kawahara-cho, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan.

Aims: The association between serum cholinesterase and prognosis in acute heart failure (AHF) remains to be elucidated. We investigated the serum cholinesterase level at discharge from hospitalization for AHF and its association with clinical outcomes in patients with AHF.

Methods And Results: Among 4056 patients enrolled in the Kyoto Congestive Heart Failure multicentre registry, we analysed 2228 patients with available serum cholinesterase data. Read More

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Biomarker testing in MCI patients-deciding who to test.

Alzheimers Res Ther 2021 01 7;13(1):14. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Department of Epidemiology and Data Sciences, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Amsterdam UMC, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

Background: We aimed to derive an algorithm to define the optimal proportion of patients with mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in whom cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) testing is of added prognostic value.

Methods: MCI patients were selected from the Amsterdam Dementia Cohort (n = 402). Three-year progression probabilities to dementia were predicted using previously published models with and without CSF data (amyloid-beta1-42 (Abeta), phosphorylated tau (p-tau)). Read More

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January 2021

Circulating hepassocin level in patients with stable angina is associated with fatty liver and renal function.

Int J Med Sci 2021 1;18(1):1-7. Epub 2021 Jan 1.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital, Kaohsiung 82445 Taiwan.

Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a major risk factor for coronary artery disease and it is often associated with hepatic steatosis. Hepassocin (also known as hepatocyte-derived fibrinogen related protein or fibrinogen-like 1) is a novel hepatokine that causes hepatic steatosis and induces insulin resistance. However, the role of hepassocin in renal function status remains unclear. Read More

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September 2021

Association of lactate dehydrogenase with mortality in incident hemodialysis patients.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2021 03;36(4):704-712

Harold Simmons Center for Kidney Disease Research and Epidemiology, Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, University of California Irvine Medical Center, Orange, CA, USA.

Background: Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) plays a role in the glucose metabolism of the human body. Higher LDH levels have been linked to mortality in various cancer types; however, the relationship between LDH and survival in incident hemodialysis (HD) patients has not yet been examined. We hypothesized that higher LDH level is associated with higher death risk in these patients. Read More

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Quantitative positron emission tomography imaging in the presence of iodinated contrast media using electron density quantifications from dual-energy computed tomography.

Med Phys 2021 Jan 10;48(1):273-286. Epub 2020 Dec 10.

Department of Radiology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA.

Purpose: As preparation for future positron emission tomography (PET)/dual-energy computed tomography (DECT)T imaging modality and new possible clinical applications, the study aimed to evaluate the utility of clinically available spectral results from a DECT system for improving attenuation corrections of PET acquisitions in the presence of iodinated contrast media. The dependence of the accuracy of PET quantification values, reconstructed with conventional and spectral-based attenuation corrections, was examined as a function of the amount of iodine content and x-ray radiation exposure.

Methods: Measurements were performed on commercial PET/CT and DECT systems, using a semi-anthropomorphic phantom with seven centrifuge tubes in its bore. Read More

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January 2021

Patterns of Circadian Variation in 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Sympathetic Tone Correlate with Cardiovascular Disease Risk: A Cluster Analysis.

Cardiovasc Ther 2020 22;2020:4354759. Epub 2020 Sep 22.

Division of Cardiology, Department of Internal Medicine, Korea University Guro Hospital, Seoul 152-703, Republic of Korea.

To investigate whether specific time series patterns for blood pressure (BP), heart rate (HR), and sympathetic tone are associated with metabolic factors and the 10-year risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD). A total of 989 patients who underwent simultaneous 24-hour ambulatory BP and Holter electrocardiogram monitoring were enrolled. The patients were categorized into sixteen groups according to their circadian patterns using the consensus clustering analysis method. Read More

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November 2020

Suppression tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) turbidimetric immunoassay compared to enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in predicting survival in heart failure patients with reduced ejection fraction.

Clin Chim Acta 2020 Nov 12;510:767-771. Epub 2020 Sep 12.

Heart and Vascular Institute, Henry Ford Health System, Detroit, MI, USA; Center for Individualized and Genomic Medicine Research, Department of Internal Medicine, Henry Ford Hospital, Detroit, MI, USA. Electronic address:

Background: Suppressor of tumorigenicity 2 (ST2) is a powerful marker of prognosis and treatment response in heart failure (HF), however, it is an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) which may be cumbersome and costly. A turbidimetric immunoassay (TIA) that can run on common chemistry analyzers could overcome this. We studied a novel TIA for ST2, comparing it to commercial ST2 (ELISA). Read More

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November 2020

Defining Myocardial Abnormalities Across the Stages of Chronic Kidney Disease: A Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging Study.

JACC Cardiovasc Imaging 2020 11 15;13(11):2357-2367. Epub 2020 Jul 15.

Institute of Cardiovascular Science, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom; Green Lane Cardiovascular Service, Auckland, New Zealand. Electronic address:

Objectives: A proof of concept cross-sectional study investigating changes in myocardial abnormalities across stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD). Characterizing noninvasive markers of myocardial fibrosis on cardiac magnetic resonance, echocardiography, and correlating with biomarkers of fibrosis, myocardial injury, and functional correlates including exercise tolerance.

Background: CKD is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular death. Read More

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November 2020

Does facial hair greying in chimpanzees provide a salient progressive cue of aging?

PLoS One 2020 14;15(7):e0235610. Epub 2020 Jul 14.

Department of Anthropology, Center for the Advanced Study of Human Paleobiology, The George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States of America.

The greying of human head hair is arguably the most salient marker of human aging. In wild mammal populations, greying can change with life history or environmental factors (e.g. Read More

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September 2020

Higher plasma cystatin C is associated with mortality after acute respiratory distress syndrome: findings from a Fluid and Catheter Treatment Trial (FACTT) substudy.

Crit Care 2020 07 11;24(1):416. Epub 2020 Jul 11.

Department of Medicine, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California, San Francisco, CA, USA.

Background: Cystatin C is a well-validated marker of glomerular filtration rate in chronic kidney disease. Higher plasma concentrations of cystatin C are associated with worse clinical outcomes in heterogenous populations of critically ill patients and may be superior to creatinine in identifying kidney injury in critically ill patients. We hypothesized that elevated levels of plasma cystatin C in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) would be associated with mortality risk. Read More

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Protocol of Aerobic Exercise and Cognitive Health (REACH): A Pilot Study.

J Alzheimers Dis Rep 2020 May 2;4(1):107-121. Epub 2020 May 2.

Wisconsin Alzheimer's Disease Research Center, University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health, Madison, WI, USA.

A growing body of evidence supports that aerobic exercise can decrease the risk of future cognitive impairment and Alzheimer's disease (AD). There is a pressing need to rigorously determine whether cognitively normal yet at-risk individuals stand to benefit from the protective effects of exercise. The present study will test the feasibility of an aerobic exercise intervention in such a population and inform the design of a larger-scale randomized, controlled trial examining the effect of aerobic exercise on biomarkers of AD in late-middle-aged, at-risk individuals. Read More

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Association Between Plasma Intact Parathyroid Hormone Levels and the Prevalence of Atrial Fibrillation in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease - The Fukuoka Kidney Disease Registry Study.

Circ J 2020 06 6;84(7):1105-1111. Epub 2020 Jun 6.

Department of Medicine and Clinical Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University.

Background: Parathyroid hormone (PTH) has been associated with cardiovascular disorders; however, it is unknown whether plasma PTH concentrations are associated with atrial fibrillation (AF) in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).Methods and Results:The present cross-sectional study analyzed baseline data of 3,384 patients registered in the Fukuoka Kidney Disease Registry Study, a Japanese multicenter prospective cohort study of patients with non-dialysis-dependent CKD. The outcome was prevalence of AF, and the main risk factor was plasma intact PTH concentration. Read More

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Contrasting model mechanisms of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) release from damaged and necrotic hepatocytes as an example of general biomarker mechanisms.

PLoS Comput Biol 2020 06 2;16(6):e1007622. Epub 2020 Jun 2.

Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, California, United States of America.

Interpretations of elevated blood levels of alanine aminotransferase (ALT) for drug-induced liver injury often assume that the biomarker is released passively from dying cells. However, the mechanisms driving that release have not been explored experimentally. The usefulness of ALT and related biomarkers will improve by developing mechanism-based explanations of elevated levels that can be expanded and elaborated incrementally. Read More

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Profile of Endothelin-1, Nitric Oxide, and Prostacyclin Levels in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Related to Uncorrected Atrial Septal Defect: Results from a Single Center Study in Indonesia.

Cardiol Res Pract 2020 7;2020:7526508. Epub 2020 Jan 7.

Department of Cardiology and Vascular Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, Public Health and Nursing, Universitas Gadjah Mada-Dr. Sardjito Hospital, Yogyakarta, Indonesia.

Methods: The study design was cross-sectional. The subjects were adult uncorrected secundum ASD with PAH. Pulmonary artery pressure was measured with right heart catheterization. Read More

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January 2020

Select Atrophied Regions in Alzheimer disease (SARA): An improved volumetric model for identifying Alzheimer disease dementia.

Neuroimage Clin 2020 16;26:102248. Epub 2020 Mar 16.

Washington University in St. Louis School of Medicine, 660 S Euclid Ave, St. Louis, MO 63110, USA; Knight Alzheimer Disease Research Center, 4488 Forest Park Pkwy, St. Louis, MO 63108, USA. Electronic address:

Introduction: Volumetric biomarkers for Alzheimer disease (AD) are attractive due to their wide availability and ease of administration, but have traditionally shown lower diagnostic accuracy than measures of neuropathological contributors to AD. Our purpose was to optimize the diagnostic specificity of structural MRIs for AD using quantitative, data-driven techniques.

Methods: This retrospective study assembled several non-overlapping cohorts (total n = 1287) with publicly available data and clinical patients from Barnes-Jewish Hospital (data gathered 1990-2018). Read More

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February 2021

Poor glycemic control is associated with significant increase in major limb amputation and adverse events in the 30-day postoperative period after infrainguinal bypass.

J Vasc Surg 2020 09 2;72(3):987-994. Epub 2020 Mar 2.

Department of Public Health Sciences, Clemson University, Clemson, SC.

Objective: Understanding modifiable risk factors to improve surgical outcomes is increasingly important in value-based health care. There is an established association between peripheral artery disease (PAD), diabetes, and limb loss, but less is known about expected outcomes after revascularization relative to the degree of glycemic control. The purpose of this study was to determine the association between hemoglobin A (HbA) management in diabetics and surgical outcomes after open infrainguinal bypass. Read More

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September 2020

Identification of Urinary Biomarkers for Exercise-Induced Immunosuppression by iTRAQ Proteomics.

Biomed Res Int 2020 23;2020:3030793. Epub 2020 Jan 23.

Department of Sports and Health, Guangzhou Sport University, Guangzhou 510500, China.

Purpose: To identify noninvasive immune biomarkers of exercise-induced immunosuppression using the iTRAQ proteomics technique.

Methods: Fifteen healthy males were recruited and subjected to a four-week incremental treadmill running training program. After each week of training, WBC counts and CD4 and CD8 lymphocytes were measured to monitor the immune function status. Read More

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November 2020

Performance of Novel High-Sensitivity Cardiac Troponin I Assays for 0/1-Hour and 0/2- to 3-Hour Evaluations for Acute Myocardial Infarction: Results From the HIGH-US Study.

Ann Emerg Med 2020 07 8;76(1):1-13. Epub 2020 Feb 8.

Inova Heart and Vascular Institute, Falls Church, VA.

Study Objective: We determine the accuracy of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin I (hs-cTnI), European-derived, rapid, acute myocardial infarction, rule-out/rule-in algorithms applied to a US emergency department (ED) population.

Methods: Adults presenting to the ED with suspected acute myocardial infarction were included. Plasma samples collected at baseline and between 40 and 90 minutes and 2 and 3 hours later were analyzed in core laboratories using the Siemens Healthineers hs-cTnI assays. Read More

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For debate; pharmacological priorities in advanced type 2 diabetes.

Authors:
Israel Hodish

J Diabetes Complications 2020 05 12;34(5):107510. Epub 2019 Dec 12.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Metabolism, Endocrinology and Diabetes, University of Michigan Medical Center, Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States of America. Electronic address:

A multitude of therapeutic agents have been available to treat patients with Type 2 diabetes. Unfortunately, many patients with advanced Type 2 diabetes continue to suffer from complications and premature death. To date, all available guidelines emphasize a variety of therapeutic aspects, goals, and pharmacological combinations, without directing the clinician as to which is a higher priority. Read More

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Earlier Alanine Aminotransferase Normalization During Antiviral Treatment Is Independently Associated With Lower Risk of Hepatocellular Carcinoma in Chronic Hepatitis B.

Am J Gastroenterol 2020 03;115(3):406-414

Department of Gastroenterology, Liver Center, Asan Medical Center, University of Ulsan College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Objectives: It was suggested that normalization of serum alanine aminotransferase (ALT) levels at 1 year of antiviral treatment is associated with a lower risk of hepatic events in patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). However, it remains unclear whether earlier ALT normalization is associated with lower hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) risk, independent of fatty liver or cirrhosis and on-treatment virological response (VR), in patients with CHB.

Methods: We analyzed 4,639 patients with CHB who initiated treatment with entecavir or tenofovir using landmark analysis and time-dependent Cox analysis. Read More

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DynaVenn: web-based computation of the most significant overlap between ordered sets.

BMC Bioinformatics 2019 Dec 30;20(1):743. Epub 2019 Dec 30.

Chair for Clinical Bioinformatics, Saarland University, Saarbrücken, 66123, DE, Germany.

Background: In many research disciplines, ordered lists are compared. One example is to compare a subset of all significant genes or proteins in a primary study to those in a replication study. Often, the top of the lists are compared using Venn diagrams, ore more precisely Euler diagrams (set diagrams showing logical relations between a finite collection of different sets). Read More

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December 2019

Expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator system in non-metastatic prostate cancer.

World J Urol 2020 Oct 4;38(10):2501-2511. Epub 2019 Dec 4.

Department of Urology and Comprehensive Cancer Center, Vienna General Hospital, Medical University of Vienna, Währinger Gürtel 18-20, 1090, Vienna, Austria.

Purpose: To investigate the prognostic role of expression of urokinase-type plasminogen activator system members, such as urokinase-type activator (uPA), uPA-receptor (uPAR), and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1), in patients treated with radical prostatectomy (RP) for prostate cancer (PCa).

Methods: Immunohistochemical staining for uPA system was performed on a tissue microarray of specimens from 3121 patients who underwent RP. Cox regression analyses were performed to investigate the association of overexpression of these markers alone or in combination with biochemical recurrence (BCR). Read More

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October 2020