Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Sep 27. Epub 2021 Sep 27.
Department of Botany, Karnatak University, Dharwad, 580003, India.
Andrographis paniculata (AP) is a medicinal plant that is traditionally used in Indian, Chinese, Malay, Thai, and Oriental system of medicines to treat various disorders. AP consists of andrographolide (AD), 14-deoxy-11,12-didehydroandrographolide (DDAD), and neoandrographolide (NAD) as major diterpene lactones which has extremely bitter properties; therefore, AP is commonly called "King of bitters." AD, DDAD, and NAD are reported to possess therapeutic values such as antioxidant, immunostimulatory, hepatoprotective, anti-cancer, anti-inflammatory, anti-rheumatoidal, anti-malarial, anti-leishmanial, anti-fertility, anti-obesity, antipyretic, and antimicrobial attributes. Read More