40,446 results match your criteria biocompatibility gold


No Detectable Alteration of Inorganic Allogeneic Bone Matrix Colonizing Mesenchymal Cells: A Step Towards Personalized Bone Grafts.

J Bone Metab 2021 May 31;28(2):161-169. Epub 2021 May 31.

Université Clermont Auvergne, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, GECOM, CRB Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France.

Background: During major bone substance loss, secured allogeneic bone matrix (ABM) is normally utilized for bone repair. Here, we propose a method to colonize ABM using autologous mesenchymal cells (MCs) to improve their integration. Moreover, in this study, the consequences of in vitro colonization on MCs have been evaluated. Read More

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Exosome-based hybrid nanostructures for enhanced tumor targeting and hyperthermia therapy.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jun 8;205:111915. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Robotics Engineering, Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology (DGIST), Daegu, 42988, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Recently, natural exosomes have attracted attention as an ideal drug carrier to overcome the limitations of existing drug delivery systems which are toxicity induction and low cancer-targeting performance. In this study, we propose an exosome-based hybrid nanostructure (EHN) with improved targeting ability and therapeutic efficacy against colorectal cancer by using exosomes isolated from the tumor cell line as a drug carrier. The proposed EHN can have high biocompatibility by using exosomes, a biologically derived material, and show improved targeting performance by adding a tumor-targeting ligand (folic acid). Read More

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Construction of a pH/TGase "Dual Key"-Responsive Gold Nano-radiosensitizer with Liver Tumor-Targeting Ability.

ACS Biomater Sci Eng 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Key Laboratory of Functional Polymer Materials of Ministry of Education, Institute of Polymer Chemistry, College of Chemistry, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, People's Republic of China.

The method of tumor microenvironment (TME)-responsive aggregation has become a promising approach to enhance treatment effect by improving the accumulation of nanoparticles in tumors. The enzymatic cross-linking strategy has widely attracted attention owing to its good aggregation stability and biocompatibility. However, the enzymes in nontumor tissue can also catalyze the cross-linking reaction and reduce accumulation of nanoparticles in tumor. Read More

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Polymer-Based Honeycomb Films on Bioactive Glass: Toward a Biphasic Material for Bone Tissue Engineering Applications.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Laboratory of Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, Faculty of Medicine and Health Technology, Tampere University, Korkeakoulunkatu 3, 33720 Tampere, Finland.

The development of innovative materials for bone tissue engineering to promote bone regeneration while avoiding fibrous tissue infiltration is of paramount importance. Here, we combined the known osteopromotive properties of bioactive glasses (BaGs) with the biodegradability, biocompatibility, and ease to shape/handle of poly-l--d,l-lactic acid (PLDLA) into a single biphasic material. The aim of this work was to unravel the role of the surface chemistry and topography of BaG surfaces on the stability of a PLDLA honeycomb membrane, in dry and wet conditions. Read More

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Glycosylation of a Nonfibrillizing Appendage Alters the Self-Assembly Pathway of a Synthetic β-Sheet Fibrillizing Peptide.

J Phys Chem B 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

J. Crayton Pruitt Family Department of Biomedical Engineering, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32611, United States.

Owing to their biocompatibility and biodegradability, short synthetic peptides that self-assemble into elongated β-sheet fibers (i.e., peptide nanofibers) are widely used to create biomaterials for diverse medical and biotechnology applications. Read More

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Tuning the Surface Chemistry of Second-Harmonic-Active Lithium Niobate Nanoprobes Using a Silanol-Alcohol Condensation Reaction.

Langmuir 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Chemistry and 4D LABS, Simon Fraser University, 8888 University Drive, Burnaby, British Columbia V5A 1S6, Canada.

The surface functionalization of nanoparticles (NPs) is of great interest for improving the use of NPs in, for example, therapeutic and diagnostic applications. The conjugation of specific molecules with NPs through the formation of covalent linkages is often sought to provide a high degree of colloidal stability and biocompatibility, as well as to provide functional groups for further surface modification. NPs of lithium niobate (LiNbO) have been explored for use in second-harmonic-generation (SHG)-based bioimaging, expanding the applications of SHG-based microscopy techniques. Read More

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Sub-4 nm Nanodiamonds from Graphene-Oxide and Nitrated Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons at 423 K.

ACS Nano 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

SEU-FEI Nano-Pico Center, Key Lab of MEMS of Ministry of Education, Collaborative Innovation Center for Micro/Nano Fabrication, Device and System, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, People's Republic of China.

Nanodiamonds are interesting materials from the point of view of their biocompatibility and their chemical, spectroscopic, and mechanical properties. Current synthetic methods for nanodiamonds involve harsh environments, which are potentially hazardous in addition to being expensive. We report a low-temperature (423 K) hydrothermal approach to form nanodiamonds by using graphene-oxide or nitrated polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (naphthalene, anthracene, phenanthrene, or pyrene) as a starting material. Read More

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In vivo evaluation of temperature-responsive antimicrobial-loaded PNIPAAm hydrogels for prevention of surgical site infection.

J Biomed Mater Res B Appl Biomater 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Sonoran Biosciences, Tempe, Arizona, USA.

Surgical site infections (SSIs) are a persistent clinical challenge. Local antimicrobial delivery may reduce the risk of SSI by increasing drug concentrations and distribution in vulnerable surgical sites compared to what is achieved using systemic antimicrobial prophylaxis alone. In this work, we describe a comprehensive in vivo evaluation of the safety and efficacy of poly(N-isopropylacrylamide-co-dimethylbutyrolactone acrylamide-co-Jeffamine M-1000 acrylamide) [PNDJ], an injectable temperature-responsive hydrogel carrier for antimicrobial delivery in surgical sites. Read More

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Comparison of the effects of pre-dilution and post-dilution online hemodiafiltration on the levels of inflammatory markers, lymphocytes, and platelets.

J Artif Organs 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Hashimoto Clinic, 3-21-5, Hashimoto, Midori-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa, Japan.

Online hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF) is a blood purification therapy based on diffusion and ultrafiltration and is classified into two types according to the mode of addition of the substitution fluid: pre-dilution OL-HDF (pre-HDF) and post-dilution OL-HDF (post-HDF); we previously reported that pre-HDF is more biocompatible. However, we used lower blood and substitution flow rates in that study and may not have accurately simulated the treatment conditions used in Europe. In this study, we compared the biocompatibilities of the treatment conditions of pre-HDF, commonly used in Japan, and post-HDF, commonly used in Europe, to determine the most biocompatible treatment conditions. Read More

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MXene and black phosphorus based 2D nanomaterials in bioimaging and biosensing: progress and perspectives.

J Mater Chem B 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Center for Biomedical Photonics & College of Physics and Optoelectronic Engineering, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen 518060, China.

Bioimaging and biosensing have garnered interest in early cancer diagnosis due to the ability of gaining in-depth insights into cellular functions and providing a wide range of diagnostic parameters. Emerging 2D materials of multielement MXenes and monoelement black phosphorous nanosheets (BPNSs) with unique intrinsic physicochemical properties such as a tunable bandgap and layer-dependent fluorescence, high carrier mobility and transport anisotropy, efficient fluorescence quenching capability, desirable light absorption and thermoelastic properties, and excellent biocompatibility and biosafety properties provide promising nano-platforms for bioimaging and biosensing applications. In view of the growing attention on the rising stars of the post-graphene age in the progress of bioimaging and biosensing, and their common feature characteristics as well as complementarity for constructing complexes, the main objective of this review is to reveal the recent advances in the design of MXene or BPNS based nanoplatforms in the field of bioimaging and biosensing. Read More

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The membrane-targeting mechanism of host defense peptides inspiring the design of polypeptide-conjugated gold nanoparticles exhibiting effective antibacterial activity against methicillin-resistant .

J Mater Chem B 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

State Key Laboratory of Bioreactor Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China. and Key Laboratory for Ultrafine Materials of Ministry of Education, Frontiers Science Center for Materiobiology and Dynamic Chemistry, Research Center for Biomedical Materials of Ministry of Education, East China University of Science and Technology, Shanghai 200237, China.

Multidrug-resistant bacterial infections are a grand challenge to global medical and health systems. Therefore, it is urgent to develop versatile antibacterial strategies that can combat bacterial resistance without displaying toxicity. Here, we synthesize antibacterial polypeptide-conjugated gold nanoparticles that exhibit potent antibacterial activities against clinically isolated multiple drug resistance Gram-positive bacteria, such as methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, and excellent in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility. Read More

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degradation, biocompatibility and antibacterial properties of pure zinc: assessing the potential of Zn as a guided bone regeneration membrane.

J Mater Chem B 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Key Laboratory for Biomechanics and Mechanobiology of Ministry of Education, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Biomedical Engineering, School of Biological Science and Medical Engineering, Beihang University, Beijing 100191, China.

Membrane exposure is a common complication after the guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedure and has a detrimental influence on the bone regeneration outcomes, while the commercially available GBR membranes show limited exposure tolerance. Recently, zinc (Zn) has been suggested as a promising material to be used as a barrier membrane in GBR therapy for bone augmentation. In this study, the degradation behavior in artificial saliva solution, cytotoxicity and antibacterial activity of pure Zn were investigated to explore its degradation and associated biocompatibility in the case of premature membrane exposure. Read More

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Amphiphilic phospholipid-iodinated polymer conjugates for bioimaging.

Biomater Sci 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of Chemistry, North Carolina Agricultural and Technical State University, Greensboro, North Carolina 27411, USA.

Amphiphilic phospholipid-iodinated polymer conjugates were designed and synthesized as new macromolecular probes for a highly radiopaque and biocompatible imaging technology. Bioconjugation of PEG 2000-phospholipids and iodinated polyesters by click chemistry created amphiphilic moieties with hydrophobic polyesters and hydrophilic PEG units, which allowed their self-assemblies into vesicles or spiked vesicles. More importantly, the conjugates exhibited high radiopacity and biocompatibility in in vitro X-ray and cell viability measurements. Read More

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De novo design of a pH-triggered self-assembled β-hairpin nanopeptide with the dual biological functions for antibacterial and entrapment.

J Nanobiotechnology 2021 Jun 14;19(1):183. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Laboratory of Molecular Nutrition and Immunity, The Institute of Animal Nutrition, Northeast Agricultural University, Harbin, People's Republic of China.

Background: Acid-tolerant enteric pathogens can evade small intestinal acid barriers, colonize and infect the intestinal tract. However, broad-spectrum antibiotics are not the best therapeutic strategy because of the disruption of intestinal flora caused by its indiscriminate antimicrobial activity against beneficial and harmful bacteria. So that is what inspired us to combine pH regulation with nanotechnology to develop a pH-triggered site-targeted antimicrobial peptide with entrapping function. Read More

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Microtia Reconstruction and Erector Spinae Block in Children: A Case Series With Chart Review.

Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2021 Jun 15:1945998211018382. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Division of Anesthesia and Critical Care Medicine, Children's Hospital Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA.

Objectives: Autologous reconstruction of microtia is advantageous due to its inherent biocompatibility and long-term stability, but postoperative pain associated with costal harvest is a significant issue. A well-planned pain management approach is imperative. Our objective is to introduce the novel application of erector spinae block anesthesia in pediatric microtia reconstruction and evaluate its impact on pain scores, use of opioids, and hospital length of stay. Read More

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Type 3 porous liquids based on non-ionic liquid phases - a broad and tailorable platform of selective, fluid gas sorbents.

Chem Sci 2020 Jan 9;11(8):2077-2084. Epub 2020 Jan 9.

School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Queen's University Belfast David Keir Building Stranmillis Road Belfast BT9 5AG UK

We describe a series of Type 3 porous liquids, denoted "T3PLs", based on a wide range of microporous solids including MOFs, zeolites and a porous organic polymer (PAF-1). These solids are dispersed in various non-ionic liquid phases (including silicone oils, triglyceride oils, and polyethylene glycols) which have a range of structures and properties, and that are in many cases sterically excluded from the pores of the solids. Several stable dispersions with high gas uptakes are obtained. Read More

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January 2020

real-time tracking of tumor-specific biocatalysis in cascade nanotheranostics enables synergistic cancer treatment.

Chem Sci 2020 Feb 26;11(12):3371-3377. Epub 2020 Feb 26.

Key Laboratory for Advanced Materials, Joint International Research Laboratory of Precision Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, Feringa Nobel Prize Scientist Joint Research Center, Institute of Fine Chemicals, School of Chemistry and Molecular Engineering, East China University of Science and Technology Shanghai 200237 China

Glucose oxidase (GOD)-based synergistic cancer therapy has aroused great research interest in the context of cancer treatment due to the inherent biocompatibility and biodegradability. However, this emerging therapeutic system still lacks a strategy to predict and regulate the biocatalytic behavior of GOD in real time to minimize the side effects on normal tissues. Herein, we developed a tumor-specific cascade nanotheranostic system (BNG) that combines GOD-catalyzed oxidative stress and dual-channel fluorescent sensing, significantly improving the synergistic therapeutic efficacy with real-time feedback information. Read More

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February 2020

monitoring of tissue regeneration using a ratiometric lysosomal AIE probe.

Chem Sci 2020 Feb 11;11(12):3152-3163. Epub 2020 Feb 11.

HKUST-Shenzhen Research Institute No. 9 Yuexing 1st RD, South Area, Hi-tech Park, Nanshan Shenzhen 518057 China

Tissue regeneration is a crucial self-renewal capability involving many complex biological processes. Although transgenic techniques and fluorescence immunohistochemical staining have promoted our understanding of tissue regeneration, simultaneous quantification and visualization of tissue regeneration processes is not easy to achieve. Herein, we developed a simple and quantitative method for the real-time and non-invasive observation of the process of tissue regeneration. Read More

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February 2020

Bio-plotted hydrogel scaffold with core and sheath strand-enhancing mechanical and biological properties for tissue regeneration.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces 2021 Jun 10;205:111919. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Nature-Inspired System and Application, Korea Institute of Machinery and Materials (KIMM), Daejeon, 34103, Republic of Korea. Electronic address:

Three-dimensional bio-plotted scaffolds constructed from encapsulated biomaterials or so-called "bio-inks" have received much attention for tissue regeneration applications, as advances in this technology have enabled more precise control over the scaffold structure. As a base material of bio-ink, sodium alginate (SA) has been used extensively because it provides suitable biocompatibility and printability in terms of creating a biomimetic environment for cell growth, even though it has limited cell-binding moiety and relatively weak mechanical properties. To improve the mechanical and biological properties of SA, herein, we introduce a strategy using hydroxyapatite (HA) nanoparticles and a core/sheath plotting (CSP) process. Read More

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An ornithine-rich dodecapeptide with improved proteolytic stability selectively kills gram-negative food-borne pathogens and its action mode on Escherichia coli O157:H7.

Int J Food Microbiol 2021 Aug 8;352:109281. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

State Key Laboratory of Chemical Biology and Drug Discovery and Department of Applied Biology and Chemical Technology, The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hung Hom, Kowloon, Hong Kong.

Food-borne pathogenic bacteria are dispersed throughout the entire chain of the food industry. However, many food preservatives are limited by poor biocompatibility such as cumulative poisoning. The antimicrobial peptide is increasingly regarded as a promising preservative in food research due to its high bioactivity and low cytotoxicity. Read More

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Doxorubicin-loaded natural daptomycin micelles with enhanced targeting and anti-tumor effect in vivo.

Eur J Med Chem 2021 Jun 2;222:113582. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Ocean NanoTech, LLC, San Diego, CA, 92126, USA. Electronic address:

Development of a simple method to enhance targeting and anti-tumor effect of the chemotherapeutic agents in vivo is a major problem. Amphipathic and natural daptomycin is biocompatible antibacterial polypeptide used in clinical practice. Herein, doxorubicin (DOX) was stabilized by zwitterionic daptomycin (Dap) micelles in aqueous solution to form a zwitterionic nanodrug (Dap-DOX micelles). Read More

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Novel concept of exosome-like liposomes for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease.

J Control Release 2021 Jun 11;336:130-143. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Centre of Molecular and Environmental Biology (CBMA), Universidade do Minho, Campus de Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal; IB-S - Institute of Science and Innovation for Sustainability, University of Minho, Campus of Gualtar, 4710-057 Braga, Portugal. Electronic address:

Exosomes are cell-derived vesicles that act as carriers for proteins and nucleic acids, with therapeutic potential and high biocompatibility. We propose a new concept of exosome-like liposomes for controlled delivery. The goal of this work was to develop a new type of liposomes with a unique mixture of phospholipids, similar to naturally occurring exosomes but overcoming their limitations of heterogeneity and low productivity, for therapeutic delivery of bioactive compounds. Read More

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Chitosan-based microneedles as a potential platform for drug delivery through the skin: Trends and regulatory aspects.

Int J Biol Macromol 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Industrial Research Laboratory, Department of Pharmacy, Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS), Pilani, Pilani Campus, Rajasthan, India. Electronic address:

Microneedles (MNs) fabrication using chitosan has gained significant interest due to its ability of film-forming, biodegradability, and biocompatibility, making it suitable for topical and transdermal drug delivery. The presence of amine and hydroxyl functional groups on chitosan permits the modification with tunable properties and functionalities. In this regard, chitosan is the preferred material for fabrication of MNs because it does not produce an immune response in the body and can be tailored as per required strength and functionalities. Read More

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Self-Assembled Cationic Polypeptide Supramolecular Nanogels for Intracellular DNA Delivery.

Chemistry 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Westfalische Wilhelms-Universitat Munster, Organic Chemistry Institute, Corrensstrasse 40, 48149, Münster, GERMANY.

Supramolecular nanogels are an emerging class of polymer nanocarriers for intracellular delivery, owing to their straightforward preparation, biocompatibility, and capability to spontaneously encapsulate biologically active components such as DNA. A completely biodegradable three component cationic supramolecular nanogel was designed exploiting the multivalent host-guest interaction of cyclodextrin and adamantane attached to a polypeptide backbone. While cyclodextrin was conjugated to linear poly-L-lysine, adamantane was grafted to linear as well as star shaped poly-L-lysine. Read More

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Chitosan-based hydrogels to treat hydrofluoric acid burns and prevent infection.

Drug Deliv Transl Res 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Department of Emergency Medicine, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, 11217, Taipei, Taiwan.

There is an urgent need for treatments for hydrofluoric acid (HF) burns and their derivative problems that prevent hydrogen ion dissociation and fluoride ion binding to tissues. This study evaluated the ability of chitosan-based hydrogels combined with a buffer solution containing either boric acid or Tris and calcium gluconate (CHS-BA-CG and CHS-Tris-CG) to repair HF burn wounds and prevent wound infections. We assessed calcium release rates and biocompatability and constructed a mouse HF burn model to assess the tissue repair effects of the hydrogels. Read More

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Albumin-Templated BiSe-MnO Nanocomposites with Promoted Catalase-Like Activity for Enhanced Radiotherapy of Cancer.

ACS Appl Mater Interfaces 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

National Engineering Research Center for Nanomedicine, College of Life Science and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074, China.

Novel and effective radiosensitizers that can enhance radiosensitivity of tumor tissues and increase the local radiation dose are highly desirable. In this work, templated by bovine serum albumin (BSA), BiSe-MnO nanocomposites ([email protected]) were fabricated via biomineralization, while BiSe nanodots act as radiosensitizers to increase the local radiation dosage because of their strong X-ray attenuation ability, and MnO with catalase-like activity can increase the oxygen concentration in tumors by triggering the decomposition of tumor endogenous HO so as to improve the hypoxia-associated radioresistance of tumors. Owing to the interaction of the two components in the interface, [email protected] showed promoted catalytic activity compared to [email protected], favoring tumor radiotherapy (RT) sensitization. Read More

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Hydrogels Based on Oxidized Cellulose Sulfates and Carboxymethyl Chitosan: Studies on Intrinsic Gel Properties, Stability, and Biocompatibility.

Macromol Biosci 2021 Jun 13:e2100098. Epub 2021 Jun 13.

Department of Biomedical Materials, Institute of Pharmacy, Martin Luther University Halle-Wittenberg, Heinrich-Damerow-Strasse 4, 06120, Halle (Saale), Germany.

Cellulose and chitosan are excellent components for the fabrication of bioactive scaffolds, as they are biocompatible and abundantly available. Their derivatives Ocarboxymethyl chitosan (CMChi) and oxidized cellulose sulfate (oxCS) can form in situ gelling, bioactive hydrogels, due to the formation of imine bonds for crosslinking. Here the influence of the degrees of sulfation (DS), oxidation (DO), and the molecular weight of oxCS on intrinsic and rheological properties of such hydrogels and their ability to support the survival and growth of human-adipose-derived stem cells (hADSC) is investigated. Read More

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Cucurbit[8]uril-based supramolecular hydrogels for biomedical applications.

RSC Med Chem 2021 May 10;12(5):722-729. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

State Key Laboratory of Quality Research in Chinese Medicine, Institute of Chinese Medical Sciences, University of Macau Macau 999078 China

As a member of the cucurbit[]uril family (where denotes the number of glycoluril units), cucurbit[8]uril (CB[8]) possesses a large cavity volume and is able to accommodate two guests simultaneously. Therefore, CB[8] has been adapted as a dynamic noncovalent crosslinker to form various supramolecular hydrogels. These CB[8]-based hydrogels have been investigated for various biomedical applications due to their good biocompatibility and dynamic properties afforded by host-guest interactions. Read More

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Boron Oxide Nanoparticles Exhibit Minor, Species-Specific Acute Toxicity to North-Temperate and Amazonian Freshwater Fishes.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 28;9:689933. Epub 2021 May 28.

Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, Mount Allison University, Sackville, NB, Canada.

Boron oxide nanoparticles (nBO) are manufactured for structural, propellant, and clinical applications and also form spontaneously through the degradation of bulk boron compounds. Bulk boron is not toxic to vertebrates but the distinctive properties of its nanostructured equivalent may alter its biocompatibility. Few studies have addressed this possibility, thus our goal was to gain an initial understanding of the potential acute toxicity of nBO to freshwater fish and we used a variety of model systems to achieve this. Read More

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A Dual Peptide Sustained-Release System Based on Nanohydroxyapatite/Polyamide 66 Scaffold for Synergistic-Enhancing Diabetic Rats' Fracture Healing in Osteogenesis and Angiogenesis.

Front Bioeng Biotechnol 2021 26;9:657699. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Endocrinology, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Diabetes mellitus impairs fracture healing and function of stem cells related to bone regeneration; thus, effective bone tissue engineering therapies can intervene with those dysfunctions. Nanohydroxyapatite/polyamide 66 (n-HA/PA66) scaffold has been used in fracture healing, whereas the low bioactivity limits its further application. Herein, we developed a novel bone morphogenetic protein-2- (BMP-2) and vascular endothelial growth factor- (VEGF) derived peptides-decorated n-HA/PA66 (BVHP66) scaffold for diabetic fracture. Read More

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