28,767 results match your criteria behaviors situations

Social psychology and COVID-19: What the field can tell us about behavior in a pandemic.

J Soc Psychol 2021 Jul 26:1-5. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

University of New South Wales.

The COVID-19 pandemic has wreaked havoc in the lives of people around the world. Pandemics are powerful situations that can be examined from a social psychological lens. In this special section, four articles present data collected before and during the pandemic, providing a type of quasi-experimental design that helped examine the impact of the pandemic on social behavior. Read More

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Assessing the risks of teenagers' socialization and exploring the healthy personality development under the backgrounds of internet society and time-space transformation.

Work 2021 Jul 16. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

College of Social Science, University of Southampton, Southampton, United Kingdom.

Background: Under rapid information technology development, teenagers learn knowledge and skills and master social laws through the internet, growing from the initial innocent stage to the socialized stage. The internet will become a social force that has a profound impact on the development of teenagers.

Objectives: The purposes are to assess teenagers' socialization risks under the time-space transformation of internet society and investigate teenagers' healthy personality development. Read More

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The Impact of Narcissistic Leader on Subordinates and Team Followership: Based on "Guanxi" Perspective.

Lin Wang

Front Psychol 2021 7;12:684380. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

School of Economics & Management, Foshan University, Foshan, China.

Studies have shown that narcissistic individuals are more likely to become leaders in uncertain situations, while few studies paid attention to the relational mechanism, linking a narcissistic leader with subordinates and team attitudes and behaviors. Based on the "guanxi" and dominance complementarity theory, we examined the influencing mechanism of narcissistic leaders on subordinates and team followership (TF). Two-wave data collected from 326 employees in the manufacturing and technology industry in China supported our hypothesized model. Read More

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The Straw That Broke the Camel's Back: Natural Variations in 17β-Estradiol and COMT-Val158Met Genotype Interact in the Modulation of Model-Free and Model-Based Control.

Front Behav Neurosci 2021 8;15:658769. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

Department of Cognitive, Linguistic, and Psychological Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, United States.

The sex hormone estradiol has recently gained attention in human decision-making research. Animal studies have already shown that estradiol promotes dopaminergic transmission and thus supports reward-seeking behavior and aspects of addiction. In humans, natural variations of estradiol across the menstrual cycle modulate the ability to learn from direct performance feedback ("model-free" learning). Read More

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How the Number of Players and Floaters' Positioning Changes the Offensive Performance during Futsal Small-Sided and Conditioned Games.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 15;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Faculty of Sport Sciences, University of Extremadura, 06006 Cáceres, Spain.

This study aims to analyse the effects of floater positioning within futsal Gk + 3vs3 + Gk and Gk + 2vs2 + Gk small-sided and conditioned games (SSCG) on youth offensive performance on an action per minute per player basis. Three experimental conditions were carried out through the manipulation of floater positioning: floaters off (FO), final line floaters (FLF) and lateral floaters (LF). Thirty male futsal players (U19 age category) participated in the study and played once within each situation in a random order on different days. Read More

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Realization of a Townes Soliton in a Two-Component Planar Bose Gas.

Phys Rev Lett 2021 Jul;127(2):023603

Laboratoire Kastler Brossel, Collège de France, CNRS, ENS-PSL University, Sorbonne Université, 11 Place Marcelin Berthelot, 75005 Paris, France.

Most experimental observations of solitons are limited to one-dimensional (1D) situations, where they are naturally stable. For instance, in 1D cold Bose gases, they exist for any attractive interaction strength g and particle number N. By contrast, in two dimensions, solitons appear only for discrete values of gN, the so-called Townes soliton being the most celebrated example. Read More

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Breaking the barriers of animosity: innovation in business models as a positioning strategy.

Heliyon 2021 Jul 10;7(7):e07545. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Business Administration, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana, Bogotá 110231, Colombia.

Consumer animosity is often studied in the large economies of the world, in order to explain the negative feelings generated by an individual towards another country and its products, due to various political, economic and social conflicts. This study presents three specific developments in this field. First, to demonstrate how companies in the retail sector have been able to develop innovations in their business models through their shops and virtual channels, which generate a positive positioning in the mind of the consumer, capable of minimizing animosity towards them. Read More

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A qualitative study exploring the career mindset of a group of early career academic nurses as they deployed 'Habits of Mind' to sustain their career journey.

Nurse Educ Pract 2021 Jul 14;55:103149. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Vice-Chancellor and Principal, The Vice-Chancellor's Unit, Building 36, University of Wollongong, Australia. Electronic address:

Aim: This study aimed to explore the qualities that sustain a career mindset in a group of early career academics in one Australian university.

Background: Building an academic career is a lengthy, convoluted and complex journey requiring a mindset prepared to make informed and timely decisions. Success is predicated to a large extent on the ability of persons to process information effectively before actions are taken. Read More

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Developmental Trajectories in the Understanding of Everyday Uncertainty Terms.

Top Cogn Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

MPRG iSearch, Max Planck Institute for Human Development.

Dealing with uncertainty and different degrees of frequency and probability is critical in many everyday activities. However, relevant information does not always come in the form of numerical estimates or direct experiences, but is instead obtained through qualitative, rather vague verbal terms (e.g. Read More

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Cognitive Empathy in Subtypes of Antisocial Individuals.

Front Psychiatry 2021 5;12:677975. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States.

Cognitive empathy allows individuals to recognize and infer how others think and feel in social situations and provides a foundation for the formation and maintenance of mutually constructive relationships. It may seem intuitive to assume that individuals who engage in antisocial behavior, who disregard the rights of others, might have problems with cognitive empathy. However, careful examination of the literature suggests that any dysfunction in cognitive empathy associated with antisociality varies by subtype of antisocial individual and is specific to subcomponents of cognitive empathy. Read More

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Physiological Measurements of Stress Preceding Incidents of Challenging Behavior in People With Severe to Profound Intellectual Disabilities: Longitudinal Study Protocol of Single-Case Studies.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Jul 21;10(7):e24911. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Research and Development, Pluryn, Nijmegen, Netherlands.

Background: Clients with severe to profound intellectual disabilities (SPID) and challenging behavior (CB) and the professional caregivers that support them are vulnerable to high stress levels, which negatively impact their well-being and the quality of care. CB is thought to result from an increase in the intensity and frequency of clients' stress experiences. In turn, staff members experience stress in dealing with this behavior, and stressed staff members might behave in ways that increase clients' stress levels, contributing to the origin and maintenance of CB. Read More

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Disaster Risk Reduction in Iranian Primary and Secondary School Textbooks: A Content Analysis.

Disaster Med Public Health Prep 2021 Jul 21:1-9. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Health in Emergency and Disaster Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Objective: School textbooks have a significant role in transferring knowledge to the students and changing their behavior. This work aims to analyze school textbooks to find the representation of natural hazards in Iran, which is vital for supporting children in disaster situations.

Methods: In this study, a qualitative content analysis was used. Read More

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Exploring different types of school refusers through latent profile analysis and school-related stress associations.

Sci Prog 2021 Jul-Sep;104(3):368504211029464

Department of Developmental Psychology and Teaching, University of Alicante, Alicante, Spain.

Children experience significant number of stressful situations at school during their academic years. The aims of this study were to identify school refusers groups of children through latent profile analysis and to test their associations with school-related sources and manifestation of stress. Data were obtained from 755 schoolchildren (8-11 years) from public and private schools of Alicante and Murcia (Spain), using the School Refusal Assessment Scale-Revised (SRAS-R) and the School Situation Survey (SSS). Read More

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Physical and chemical mechanisms involved in adhesion of orthodontic bonding composites: in vitro evaluations.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Jul 16;21(1):350. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Clinical Sciences and Translational Medicine, University of Rome "Tor Vergata", Via Montpellier, 1, 00133, Rome, Italy.

Background: Bond strength of orthodontic composite is strongly influenced by molecular and structural mechanisms. Aim of this in vitro study was to compare bond strength of light-cure orthodontic composites by measuring debonding forces and evaluating locations of bond failure. Investigations on chemical compositions clarified adhesive behaviors and abilities, exploring effects of ageing processes in this junction materials. Read More

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Alexithymia Is Associated With Deficits in Visual Search for Emotional Faces in Clinical Depression.

Front Psychiatry 2021 29;12:668019. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University of Leipzig Medical Center, Leipzig, Germany.

The concept of alexithymia is characterized by difficulties identifying and describing one's emotions. Alexithymic individuals are impaired in the recognition of others' emotional facial expressions. Alexithymia is quite common in patients suffering from major depressive disorder. Read More

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Risk sensitivity and theory of mind in human coordination.

PLoS Comput Biol 2021 Jul 15;17(7):e1009167. Epub 2021 Jul 15.

Center for Systems and Control, Delft University of Technology, Delft, Netherlands.

What humans do when exposed to uncertainty, incomplete information, and a dynamic environment influenced by other agents remains an open scientific challenge with important implications in both science and engineering applications. In these contexts, humans handle social situations by employing elaborate cognitive mechanisms such as theory of mind and risk sensitivity. Here we resort to a novel theoretical model, showing that both mechanisms leverage coordinated behaviors among self-regarding individuals. Read More

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Dynamical prefrontal population coding during defensive behaviours.

Nature 2021 Jul 14. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Univ. Bordeaux, Neurocentre Magendie, U1215, Bordeaux, France.

Coping with threatening situations requires both identifying stimuli that predict danger and selecting adaptive behavioural responses to survive. The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex (dmPFC) is a critical structure that is involved in the regulation of threat-related behaviour. However, it is unclear how threat-predicting stimuli and defensive behaviours are associated within prefrontal networks to successfully drive adaptive responses. Read More

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EXperienceS and aTtitudes towards Agitated behaviours in Traumatic brain injury in the Intensive Care unit patients (EXSTATIC): a protocol for an interprofessional mixed-method study.

BMJ Open 2021 Jul 14;11(7):e045816. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Faculté de Pharmacie, Université de Montréal, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

Introduction: Agitation and violent behaviours are common conditions developed by patients with acute traumatic brain injury (TBI) in intensive care units (ICUs). Healthcare professionals caring for these patients have various tools to manage these behaviours, but lack of a formal protocol to assess and manage them makes caring for these patients a challenge. Moreover, safety may often be compromised for both ICU professionals and patients encountering such situations. Read More

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Coping strategies, concerns, and habits of Brazilian men in the COVID-19 context.

Rev Bras Enferm 2021 12;74Suppl 1(Suppl 1):e20210040. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Universidade de São Paulo, Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brazil.

Objective: To describe coping strategies, concerns and habits of Brazilian men during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Method: Cross-sectional, descriptive and nationwide study, carried out in 2020 with a total of 1015 men living in Brazil. A descriptive statistic was used. Read More

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Subsurface Confinement: Evidence from Submariners of the Benefits of Mindfulness.

Mindfulness (N Y) 2021 Jul 9:1-11. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

APEMAC/EPSAM, EA 4360, Ile du Saulcy, BP 30309, 57006 Metz, Cedex 1 France.

Objectives: The subsurface ballistic missile nuclear submarine (SSBN) is an extreme professional environment in which personnel are both isolated and confined during patrols, which can last longer than 2 months. This environment is known to degrade submariners' mood and cognition.

Methods: This exploratory, empirical study followed a cohort of 24 volunteer submariners. Read More

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[Treatments for depression in consultation-liaison psychiatry: From theory to practice].

Rev Med Interne 2021 Jul 10. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

CHU Nantes, Department of Addictology and Liaison Psychiatry, Nantes, France; Inserm-U1246 SPHERE University of Nantes and University of Tours, Nantes, France.

Treatments for depression include an adapted lifestyle, physical activity, psychotherapies, antidepressant and mood stabilizing drugs, neuromodulation, chronotherapy, spa treatments. Drug treatments used for major depressive episode are antidepressants and mood stabilizers. For a mild episode, psychotherapy is indicated. Read More

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Activating the Hospital Incident Command System Response in a Community Specialty Practice: The Mayo Clinic Experience.

WMJ 2021 Jul;120(2):137-141

Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Rochester, Minnesota.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic presented health care organizations with a unique challenge in determining effective management of a large-scale incident across an extended time period.

Case Presentation: This report describes the response of a multisite integrated system to the COVID-19 pandemic through activation of the Hospital Incident Command System.

Discussion: A robust emergency response plan with multidisciplinary involvement can help to ensure clear lines of accountability and expedite decision-making. Read More

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Social sentiment segregation: Evidence from Twitter and Google Trends in Chile during the COVID-19 dynamic quarantine strategy.

PLoS One 2021 13;16(7):e0254638. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

Departamento de Administración, Facultad de Economía y Empresa, Universidad Diego Portales, Santiago, Chile.

The Chilean health authorities have implemented a sanitary strategy known as dynamic quarantine or strategic quarantine to cope with the COVID-19 pandemic. Under this system, lockdowns were established, lifted, or prolonged according to the weekly health authorities' assessment of municipalities' epidemiological situation. The public announcements about the confinement situation of municipalities country-wide are made typically on Tuesdays or Wednesdays before noon, have received extensive media coverage, and generated sharp stock market fluctuations. Read More

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Impact of COVID-19 on Spanish patients with Dravet syndrome and their caregivers: consequences of lockdown.

Rev Neurol 2021 07;73(2):57-65

Fundación Síndrome de Dravet, Madrid, España.

Introduction: The COVID-19 pandemic caused a state of alarm in Spain in March 2020. The necessary approach to the care of patients with Dravet syndrome (DS) makes them and their caregivers a vulnerable group in emergency situations.

Objectives: To explore the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on the management and condition of Spanish patients with DS and their caregivers and families. Read More

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Stress among nurses from countries variously affected by the COVID-19 pandemic - results collected in Poland and Iran.

Med Pr 2021 Jul 13. Epub 2021 Jul 13.

The Elbląg University of the Humanities and Economics, Elbląg, Poland (Faculty of Health Sciences).

Background: Nursing involves numerous stressful situations, such as overwork, night shifts, responsibility for the patients' health, rapid pace of work, emotional demands, contact with suffering individuals, and patients' aggressive behaviors. The SARS-CoV-2 pandemic is an additional demand on the already demanding profession. Thus, the aim of the current study was to assess the character of the relationship between overwork and subjectively experienced stress, taking into account the moderating role of contact with patients and work in facilities dedicated for COVID-19 patients, and the strategies of coping with stress, including resilience, in countries affected by the pandemic to various degrees. Read More

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Pattern-sensitive patients with epilepsy use uncomfortable visual stimuli to self-induce seizures.

Epilepsy Behav 2021 Jul 9;122:108189. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Human Neuroscience, Sapienza University of Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Sensory stimuli can induce seizures in patients with epilepsy and predisposed subjects. Visual stimuli are the most common triggers, provoking seizures through an abnormal response to light or pattern. Sensitive patients may intentionally provoke their seizures through visual stimuli. Read More

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Non-communicable diseases among women survivors of intimate partner violence: Critical review from a chronic stress framework.

Neurosci Biobehav Rev 2021 Jul 9;128:720-734. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Animal Physiology Unit (School of Biosciences), Institut de Neurociències, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, CIBERSAM, Cerdanyola del Vallès, Spain.

A neurobiological framework of chronic stress proposes that the stress-response system can be functionally altered by the repeated presentation of highly stressful situations over time. These functional alterations mainly affect brain processing and include the dysregulation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis and associated processes. In the present critical review, we translate these results to inform the clinical presentation of women survivors of intimate partner violence (IPV). Read More

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What Should I Trust? Individual Differences in Attitudes to Conflicting Information and Misinformation on COVID-19.

Front Psychol 2021 21;12:588478. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Simula Research Laboratory, Oslo, Norway.

The COVID-19 pandemic constitutes a novel threat and traditional and new media provide people with an abundance of information and misinformation on the topic. In the current study, we investigated who tends to trust what type of mis/information. The data were collected in Norway from a sample of 405 participants during the first wave of COVID-19 in April 2020. Read More

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Alcohol and cannabis motives: Differences in daily motive endorsement on alcohol, cannabis, and alcohol/cannabis co-use days in a cannabis-using sample.

Addict Res Theory 2021 7;29(2):111-116. Epub 2020 Jul 7.

University of Michigan Addiction Center, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan School of Medicine, 4250 Plymouth Road, Ann Arbor, MI 48109.

Objective: Same day use of alcohol and cannabis is prevalent among emerging/young adults and increases the risk for negative consequences. Although motives for alcohol and cannabis use are well-documented, specific motives on co-use days are under-investigated. We examined differences in motives on single substance use (i. Read More

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