356,201 results match your criteria behaviors children

Correlates of food intake and mealtime behaviors among Kuwaiti adolescents.

Int J Adolesc Med Health 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Life Sciences, Kuwait University, Shadadiya, Kuwait.

Objectives: Eating meals with the family improves the food choices of adolescents. Studies conducted on Kuwaiti adolescents have reported suboptimal dietary intake; however, it is unclear what meal-related behaviors and family dynamics influence dietary choices in young Kuwaiti adolescents. This study explored the food intake and meal-related behaviors of young adolescents in relation to their mother's educational level, parental employment, and family size and to identify meal-related behaviors associated with poor dietary choices. Read More

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"Why can't you sit still?"The effect of daily physical activity on childhood inattention/hyperactivity and the educational gender gap.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Jul 16;284:114232. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Economics, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, B3H 4R2, Canada. Electronic address:

Despite the compelling evidence of the long-run consequences of childhood inattention/hyperactivity and harmful side effects of stimulant medication, relatively little is known about accessible non-pharmacological options to reduce inattentive/hyperactive behaviours. This study evaluates the effect of daily exercise on inattentive/hyperactive behaviours among young children by leveraging evidence from a quasi-experiment generated when 3 Canadian provinces adopted mandatory requirements for all students in grades 1 through 6 to participate in 20-30 min of daily physical activity at school between 1994 and 2009. By exploiting plausibly exogenous variations in the timing of implementation and duration of physical activity mandated as well as over 20,000 observations on a sample of nationally representative children, our difference-in-differences estimates indicate that brief bouts of daily exercise at school effectively reduce inattention/hyperactivity in children - with the beneficial effect enhanced by the duration of exercise mandated. Read More

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Rapid Onset of Functional Tic-Like Behaviours in Young Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Eur J Neurol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Clinical Neurosciences, University of Calgary.

Background: Clinicians have reported an increase in functional tic-like behaviours in children and youth during the COVID-19 pandemic. We describe adults developing rapid onset of functional tic-like behaviours between May 2020 and June 2021.

Methods: Data were analysed from the Adult Tic Disorders Registry, a single-site,12-month prospective cohort study which began enrolment in January 2021. Read More

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Institutional delivery and associated factors in rural communities of Central Gondar Zone, Northwest Ethiopia.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0255079. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatics, Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia.

Introduction: Institutional delivery has been considered as one of the important strategies to improve maternal and child health and significantly reduces birth-related complications. However, it is still low in developing countries though there are some improvements. Hence, the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of institutional delivery and associated factors in the study area. Read More

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Diagnostic efficiency and validity of the DSM-oriented Child Behavior Checklist and Youth Self-Report scales in a clinical sample of Swedish youth.

PLoS One 2021 22;16(7):e0254953. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Institute of Neuroscience and Physiology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden.

The Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) and Youth Self-Report (YSR) are widely used measures of psychiatric symptoms and lately also adapted to the DSM. The incremental validity of adding the scales to each other has not been studied. We validated the DSM subscales for affective, anxiety, attention deficit/hyperactivity (ADHD), oppositional defiant (ODD), conduct problems (CD), and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in consecutively referred child and adolescent psychiatric outpatients (n = 267) against LEAD DSM-IV diagnoses based on the K-SADS-PL and subsequent clinical work-up. Read More

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Irritability-related neural responses to frustrative nonreward in adolescents with trauma histories: A preliminary investigation.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, California, USA.

Irritability, conceptualized as a lowered frustration response threshold to blocked goal attainment (i.e., frustrative nonreward), is a common, detrimental symptom in adolescence. Read More

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Migration-related trauma and mental health among migrant children emigrating from Mexico and Central America to the United States: Effects on developmental neurobiology and implications for policy.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Psychology, Yale University, New Haven, Connecticut, USA.

Children make up over half of the world's migrants and refugees and face a multitude of traumatic experiences prior to, during, and following migration. Here, we focus on migrant children emigrating from Mexico and Central America to the United States and review trauma related to migration, as well as its implications for the mental health of migrant and refugee children. We then draw upon the early adversity literature to highlight potential behavioral and neurobiological sequalae of migration-related trauma exposure, focusing on attachment, emotion regulation, and fear learning and extinction as transdiagnostic mechanisms underlying the development of internalizing and externalizing symptomatology following early-life adversity. Read More

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Infants' Preference for Social Interactions Increases from 7 to 13 Months of Age.

Child Dev 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.

This study examined 7-to-13.5-month-old middle-class Western infants' visual orienting to third-party interactions in parallel with their social attention behavior during own social interactions (Leipzig, Germany). In Experiment 1, 9. Read More

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Using different methods for calculating frontal alpha asymmetry to study its development from infancy to 3 years of age in a large longitudinal sample.

Dev Psychobiol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Laboratories of Cognitive Neuroscience, Division of Developmental Medicine, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Frontal electroencephalography (EEG) alpha asymmetry (FAA), defined as the difference in frontal alpha power observed over the right and left frontal scalp regions, has been widely used in developmental research as a measure of multiple aspects of child behavior, such as temperament. Studies have used different equations to calculate FAA, which renders comparison of results across studies challenging. Furthermore, few studies have examined FAA's longitudinal stability across infancy and early childhood, which is a desirable feature of a temperament measure. Read More

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The experience of intolerance of uncertainty for parents of young people with a restrictive eating disorder.

Eat Weight Disord 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Maudsley Centre for Child and Adolescent Eating Disorders, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London, UK.

Purpose: This study aimed to explore how parents of young people with a restrictive eating disorder (ED) experience and manage uncertainty.

Methods: Seventeen parents of young people with a restrictive ED were recruited from multi-family therapy groups run within a specialised ED clinic. Five focus groups were conducted asking parents about their experience of uncertainty both prior and after the onset of their child's illness. Read More

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Construct validity of the BASC-3 teacher rating scales: Independent hierarchical exploratory factor analyses with the normative sample.

Sch Psychol 2021 Jul;36(4):235-254

Department of School Psychology and Counselor Education, William & Mary.

The Behavior Assessment System for Children-Third Edition (BASC-3) is the most recent edition and the Teacher Rating Scales (TRS) was reported to be the most frequently used test in school psychology practice. Despite its popularity, there is a lack of independent empirical research regarding psychometric properties. The BASC-3 Manual, while quite detailed in many respects, lacks important details in reporting TRS item- and scale-level factor analyses limiting confidence in construct validity based on internal structure. Read More

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Shining a light on cultural neuroscience: Recommendations on the use of fNIRS to study how sociocultural contexts shape the brain.

Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Human Development and Family Sciences.

Functional near-infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) is a portable neuroimaging technique that may serve as a methodological tool for studying how sociocultural contexts can shape the human brain and impact cognition and behavior. The use of fNIRS in community-based research may (a) advance theoretical knowledge in psychology and neuroscience, particularly regarding underrepresented ethnic-racial communities; (b) increase diversity in samples; and (c) provide neurobiological evidence of sociocultural factors supporting human development. The review aims to introduce the use of fNIRS, including its practicalities and limitations, to new adopters inquiring how sociocultural inputs affect the brain. Read More

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Elevated levels of cortisol, brain-derived neurotropic factor and tissue plasminogen activator in male children with autism spectrum disorder.

Autism Res 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Gaziosmanpasa University School of Medicine, Tokat, Turkey.

Several studies demonstrated biological effects of cortisol, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) on human metabolism and central nervous system. Our study investigated the serum levels of tPA along with BDNF and cortisol in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Thirty three male children with ASD ranging in age from 2 to 15 years were selected for the study group and 27 age-matched healthy male children were selected for the control group. Read More

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Developmental Trajectories in the Understanding of Everyday Uncertainty Terms.

Top Cogn Sci 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

MPRG iSearch, Max Planck Institute for Human Development.

Dealing with uncertainty and different degrees of frequency and probability is critical in many everyday activities. However, relevant information does not always come in the form of numerical estimates or direct experiences, but is instead obtained through qualitative, rather vague verbal terms (e.g. Read More

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Cross-Cultural Associations of Four Parenting Behaviors With Child Flourishing: Examining Cultural Specificity and Commonality in Cultural Normativeness and Intergenerational Transmission Processes.

Child Dev 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Temple University.

Families from nine countries (N = 1,338) were interviewed annually seven times (M child = 7-15) to test specificity and commonality in parenting behaviors associated with child flourishing and moderation of associations by normativeness of parenting. Participants included 1,338 children (M = 8.59 years, SD = 0. Read More

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Perceptions on acceptability and reported consumption of marijuana by blood donors prior to donation in the recreational use state of Colorado, USA.

Vox Sang 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Pathology, University of Colorado School of Medicine, Aurora, Colorado, USA.

Background And Objectives: Blood donor opinions and behaviours regarding marijuana use are not well known nor is the potential impact to the blood supply. We sought to assess opinions and frequency of marijuana use in proximity to blood donation via a survey of blood donors at a hospital-based blood collection site in a state where recreational marijuana use has been legal since 2012.

Materials And Methods: Blood donors at least 18 years of age who donated between 2014 and 2019 were surveyed electronically, with all responses kept anonymous to encourage engagement and accurate reporting. Read More

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A Harvest of the Month Curriculum Increases Fruit and Vegetable Intake among 4th-6th Grade Students.

J Sch Health 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Alameda County Office of Education, 313 West Winton Avenue, Hayward, California, 94544, USA.

Background: Most children do not eat enough fruits and vegetables (FV). Schools are a critical setting for supporting children to consume FV. To fill a gap in available materials, a classroom curriculum was developed and evaluated to determine impacts on student FV-related knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors. Read More

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Evaluating Directional Dependency of Selective Laser Sintered Patient Specific Biodegradable Devices to Improve Predictive Modeling and Design Verification.

Ann Biomed Eng 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Biomedical Engineering and Center for 3D Medical Fabrication (3DMedFab), Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA, 30332, USA.

Additive manufacturing, or 3D printing, of the bioresorbable polymer [Formula: see text]-polycaprolactone (PCL) is an emerging tissue engineering solution addressing patient specific anatomies. Predictively modeling the mechanical behavior of 3D printed parts comprised of PCL improves the ability to develop patient specific devices that meet design requirements while reducing the testing of extraneous design variants and development time for emergency devices. Predicting mechanical behavior of 3D-printed devices is limited by the variability of effective material moduli that are determined in part by the 3D printing manufacturing process. Read More

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Addressing Health Literacy in Schools in Germany: Concept Analysis of the Mandatory Digital and Media Literacy School Curriculum.

Front Public Health 2021 5;9:687389. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Faculty of Educational Science, Interdisciplinary Center for Health Literacy Research, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany.

It is generally agreed upon that the development of health literacy should be addressed from an early age onwards in order to empower children to develop their full health potential. Schools can be seen as an ideal venue for strengthening health literacy because they reach almost all school-aged children throughout their school years. The development of health literacy at a young age is a catalyst for healthy development throughout across the life span. Read More

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As Time Goes by: Understanding Child and Family Factors Shaping Behavioral Outcomes After Traumatic Brain Injury.

Front Neurol 2021 5;12:687740. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Pediatrics, Division of Critical Care, School of Medicine, University of Utah, Salt Lake City, UT, United States.

To model pre-injury child and family factors associated with the trajectory of internalizing and externalizing behavior problems across the first 3 years in children with pediatric traumatic brain injury (TBI) relative to children with orthopedic injuries (OI). Parent-reported emotional symptoms and conduct problems were expected to have unique and shared predictors. We hypothesized that TBI, female sex, greater pre-injury executive dysfunction, adjustment problems, lower income, and family dysfunction would be associated with less favorable outcomes. Read More

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Validation of the Writing Strategies Questionnaire in the Context of Primary Education: A Multidimensional Measurement Model.

Front Psychol 2021 5;12:700770. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology, Sociology and Philosophy, University of Leon, Leon, Spain.

Research has shown that writers seem to follow different writing strategies to juggle the high cognitive demands of writing. The use of writing strategies seems to be an important cognitive writing-related variable which has an influence on students' writing behavior during writing and, therefore, on the quality of their compositions. Several studies have tried to assess students' writing preferences toward the use of different writing strategies in University or high-school students, while research in primary education is practically non-existent. Read More

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Maternal Psychological Control and Rural Left-Behind Children's Anxiety: The Moderating Role of Externalizing Problem Behavior and Teacher Support.

Front Psychol 2021 5;12:624372. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

College of Education, Linyi University, Linyi, China.

Based on the risk and protective factor framework and context-dependent theory, the present study investigated the association between maternal psychological control and anxiety among left-behind children in rural China as well as the moderating roles of externalizing problem behavior and teacher support in this association. A total of 149 children with two migrant parents, 306 children with only a migrant father, and 287 accompanied children aged 11-16 years (M = 13.85 years, SD = 0. Read More

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Psychological Capital Differs Among Rural Left-Behind Children and Is Associated With Emotional and Behavioral Problems.

Front Psychol 2021 5;12:565385. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

School of Information and Statistics, Guangxi University of Finance and Economics, Nanning, China.

This study aims to explore, through latent profile analysis (LPA), rural left-behind children's psychological capital and its relationship with emotional and behavioral indicators. In this study, 677 rural-based left-behind children (average age 11.7 ± 1. Read More

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Sexually dimorphic neuroanatomical differences relate to ASD-relevant behavioral outcomes in a maternal autoantibody mouse model.

Mol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Rheumatology, Allergy, and Clinical Immunology, University of California, Davis, CA, USA.

Immunoglobulin G (IgG) autoantibodies reactive to fetal brain proteins in mothers of children with ASD have been described by several groups. To understand their pathologic significance, we developed a mouse model of maternal autoantibody related ASD (MAR-ASD) utilizing the peptide epitopes from human autoantibody reactivity patterns. Male and female offspring prenatally exposed to the salient maternal autoantibodies displayed robust deficits in social interactions and increased repetitive self-grooming behaviors as juveniles and adults. Read More

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Role of orff music therapy in improving auditory processing skills in children with intellectual disability.

O A Senkal Z Muhtar

Niger J Clin Pract 2021 Jul;24(7):1005-1014

Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Centre, Inonu University, Malatya, Turkey.

Background: Orff Music Therapy improves auditory processing, language, and cognitive functions in children who have Intellectual Disability (ID).

Aims: In literature, there are no studies from the auditory processing skills reviewing perspective. The current study examined the role of Orff Music Therapy in terms of auditory processing skills of children who have ID. Read More

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Ultra-processed food consumption and its correlates among Italian children, adolescents and adults from the Italian Nutrition & Health Survey (INHES) cohort study.

Public Health Nutr 2021 Jun 24:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 24.

Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, IRCCS NEUROMED, Via dell'Elettronica, 86077 Pozzilli (IS), Italy.

Objective: To assess ultra-processed food (UPF) consumption and its socio-demographic, psychosocial and behavioural correlates in a general population of Italian children, adolescents and adults.

Design: Cross-sectional telephone-based survey.

Setting: Italy, 2010-2013. Read More

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A cross-sectional survey assessing the influence of theoretically informed behavioural factors on hand hygiene across seven countries during the COVID-19 pandemic.

BMC Public Health 2021 07 21;21(1):1432. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Psychology Department, Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK.

Background: Human hygiene behaviours influence the transmission of infectious diseases. Changing maladaptive hygiene habits has the potential to improve public health. Parents and teachers can play an important role in disinfecting surface areas and in helping children develop healthful handwashing habits. Read More

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Hybrid Telepractice Delivery of Enhanced Milieu Teaching: Effects on Caregiver Implementation and Child Communication.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 Jul 21:1-26. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Special Education, Vanderbilt University, Nashville, TN.

Purpose This study investigated the effects of enhanced milieu teaching (EMT) on caregiver implementation of language support strategies and child communication skills using a hybrid telepractice service delivery model. Method Four caregivers and children with language delays aged 18-27 months participated in a multiple baseline across behaviors single-case research design. The therapist provided EMT to each caregiver-child dyad using a hybrid telepractice service delivery model with approximately 40% in-person and 60% telepractice sessions. Read More

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The influence of observations and ratings on implementation of discrete trial instruction.

J Appl Behav Anal 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Department of Applied Behavior Analysis, Caldwell University.

Children diagnosed with autism spectrum disorder are often taught using discrete trial instruction. Because of low trainer-to-staff ratios commonly found in human service settings, research is needed to find an efficient method to train staff to implement discrete trial instruction with little to no in-vivo training by a qualified trainer. One such technique is observing and rating the behavior of another individual. Read More

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Data profile: Expanding the research potential of the Canadian Health Measures Survey using paired respondent data.

Health Rep 2021 Jul;32(7):3-10

Social Statistics Methods Division, Statistics Canada, Ottawa, Ontario.

The family environment is an important influence on the health and behaviours of children. Few large-scale datasets include detailed and objectively measured health data about multiple individuals from the same family who are living in the same household. The Canadian Health Measures Survey (CHMS) is a repeating, cross-sectional survey that selects two members of a household-a child and a randomly selected older member of the household aged 12 to 79 years-with at least one child aged 3 to 11 years in residence. Read More

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