2,764,197 results match your criteria behaviors


Realist evaluation of the impact, viability and transferability of an alcohol harm reduction support programme based on mental health recovery: the Vitae study protocol.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 11;12(8):e065361. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

PHARes-MéRISP Team, Univ. Bordeaux, ISPED, Inserm, UMR 1219 Bordeaux Population Health, Bordeaux, France.

Introduction: Addiction is considered a chronic disease associated with a high rate of relapse as a consequence of the addictive condition. Most of the current therapeutic work focuses on the notion of relapse prevention or avoidance and the control of its determinants. Since only a small portion of patients can access alcohol addiction treatment, it is crucial to find a way to offer new support towards safe consumptions, reductions or cessations. Read More

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Global monitoring of public interest in preventive measures against COVID-19 via analysis of Google Trends: an infodemiology and infoveillance study.

Authors:
Tomoo Ito

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 11;12(8):e060715. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Bureau of International Health Cooperation, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Shinjuku-ku, Tokyo, Japan

Objectives: The COVID-19 pandemic has influenced people's concerns regarding infectious diseases and their preventive measures. However, the magnitude of the impact and the difference between countries are unclear. This study aimed to assess the magnitude of the impact of COVID-19 on public interest and people's behaviours globally in preventing infectious diseases while comparing international trends and sustainability. Read More

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Factors influencing self-care behaviours of patients with type 2 diabetes in China based on the health belief model: a cross-sectional study.

BMJ Open 2022 Aug 11;12(8):e044369. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

School of Health Service Management, Anhui Medical University, Hefei, Anhui, China

Objectives: The study aimed to explore the status and predictors of self-care behaviours in patients with type 2 diabetes in China based on the health belief model.

Design: The cross-sectional study included 1140 patients aged ≥36 years with type 2 diabetes who had established health records in community health service institutions. A questionnaire was designed based on the health belief model, which mainly included perceived susceptibility, severity, benefits, barriers, effectiveness, sociodemographic characteristics and self-care behaviours. Read More

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Pilot Intervention Using Food Challenges and Video Technology for Promoting Fruit and Vegetable Consumption.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2022 Aug;54(8):707-717

Department of Communication, College of Arts and Science, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY.

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of a Social Cognitive Theory-based intervention on cognitive, affective, and behavioral outcomes in a college nutrition course.

Design: A pre-post quasi-experimental design.

Setting: Large metropolitan university. Read More

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Take Advantage of All JNEB Article Categories.

J Nutr Educ Behav 2022 Aug;54(8):706

Editor-in-Chief, Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior, Advancing Research, Practice, and Policy.

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Nutrition Educator Competencies Require Reasonable Adventurers.

Authors:
Barbara Lohse

J Nutr Educ Behav 2022 Aug;54(8):705

President, Society for Nutrition Education and Behavior.

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Primary cilia and PTH1R interplay in the regulation of osteogenic actions.

Vitam Horm 2022 11;120:345-370. Epub 2022 Jul 11.

Bone Physiopathology Laboratory, Department of Basic Medical Sciences, CEU San Pablo University, CEU Universities, Madrid, Spain.

Primary cilia are subcellular structures specialized in sensing different stimuli in a diversity of cell types. In bone, the primary cilium is involved in mechanical sensing and transduction of signals that regulate the behavior of mesenchymal osteoprogenitors, osteoblasts and osteocytes. To perform its functions, the primary cilium modulates a plethora of molecules including those stimulated by the parathyroid hormone (PTH) receptor type I (PTH1R), a master regulator of osteogenesis. Read More

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Healthcare Use and Case Characteristics of Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children: Teen Victims Versus High-Risk Teens.

J Forensic Nurs 2022 Aug 5. Epub 2022 Aug 5.

Homeland Security.

Introduction: The overall goal of this study was to provide further information about the characteristics of commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) victims by comparing the characteristics of a known victim pool to high-risk patients identified. The specific objectives of this study were to describe patient demographic characteristics, pediatric healthcare use, familial psychosocial characteristics, and child sexual abuse case characteristics present in youth identified as high risk for CSEC victimization compared with a sample of known victims.

Methods: A retrospective chart review was conducted on patients presenting to the emergency department or Child Advocacy Center for a concern of sexual abuse/assault at a midwestern U. Read More

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Pro-Environmental Behaviors: Relationship With Nature Visits, Connectedness to Nature and Physical Activity.

Am J Health Promot 2022 Aug 11:8901171221119089. Epub 2022 Aug 11.

Research Center in Sports Sciences, Health Sciences and Human Development (CIDESD), Centre for the Research and Technology of Agro-Environmental and Biological Sciences (CITAB) Department of Sports, Exercise and Health Sciences, 56066University of Trás-os-Montes e Alto Douro, Vila Real, Portugal.

Purpose: Examine the association of visits to the natural environment, connectedness to nature, physical activity, and the adoption of pro-environmental behaviors (PEBs) in individuals aged 18 years or older.

Design: Cross-sectional study.

Setting: City of Vila Real, located in the north of Portugal. Read More

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Healthy lifestyles in childhood cancer survivors in South Korea: a comparison between reports from children and their parents.

Child Health Nurs Res 2022 Jul 31;28(3):208-217. Epub 2022 Jul 31.

Graduate Student, College of Nursing, Sahmyook University, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: This study investigated childhood cancer survivors' behavior related to a healthy lifestyle during their survival period by comparing reports between childhood cancer survivors and their parents.

Methods: In this comparative descriptive study, a survey was conducted with a 33-item questionnaire and one open-ended question about areas for improvement. The participants comprised 69 childhood cancer survivors and 69 of their parents, for a total of 138. Read More

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High Fat Diet Blunts Stress-Induced Hypophagia and Activation of Glp1r Dorsal Lateral Septum Neurons in Male but not in Female Mice.

Mol Metab 2022 Aug 8:101571. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Molecular Physiology & Biophysics, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Avenue, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Vanderbilt Center for Addiction Research, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Avenue, Nashville, TN 37232, USA; Vanderbilt Mouse Metabolic Phenotyping Center, Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, 2215 Garland Avenue, Nashville, TN 37232, USA. Electronic address:

Objective: While stress typically reduces caloric intake (hypophagia) in chow-fed rodents, presentation of palatable, high calorie substances during stress can increase caloric consumption (i.e. "comfort feeding") and promote obesity. Read More

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Sleep Disturbance and Activation of Cellular and Transcriptional Mechanisms of Inflammation in Older Adults.

Brain Behav Immun 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Cousins Center for Psychoneuroimmunology, Semel Institute for Neuroscience and Human Behavior, Department of Psychiatry and Biobehavioral Sciences, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles (UCLA), Los Angeles, CA, USA; Department of Psychology, College of Arts and Sciences, UCLA, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Background: Sleep disturbance, including poor subjective sleep quality and insomnia disorder, is common in older adults and associated with increases in age-related morbidity risk. Accumulating evidence implicates inflammation as an underlying mechanism. In two complementary studies, we examined whether sleep disturbance is associated with activation of cellular and transcriptional mechanisms of inflammation in older adults. Read More

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Glaucoma Medication Adherence One Year After the Support, Educate, Empower (SEE) Personalized Glaucoma Coaching Program.

Ophthalmol Glaucoma 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the efficacy of the Support, Educate, Empower (SEE) glaucoma coaching program on medication adherence among poorly adherent glaucoma patients for 12 months following cessation of the intervention.

Design: Uncontrolled intervention study with a pre-post design PARTICIPANTS: The SEE cohort was recruited from the University of Michigan and included glaucoma patients age ≥ 40, taking ≥ 1 medication, who self-reported poor adherence. Electronic medication monitoring of those who completed the program continued for up to 1-year post-coaching intervention. Read More

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The Current Staging and Classification Systems of Breast Cancer and Their Pitfalls: Is It Possible to Integrate the Complexity of this Neoplasm into a Unified Staging System?

Crit Rev Oncol Hematol 2022 Aug 8:103781. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Medical Faculty, Federal University of Uberlandia, Av Pará nº 1720, Bloco 2U, Umuarama, Uberlândia, Minas Gerais, MG 38400-902, Brazil. Electronic address:

Breast cancer is one of the leading causes of cancer death in women worldwide due to its variable aggressiveness and high propensity to develop distant metastases. The staging can be performed clinically or pathologically, generating the stage stratification by the TNM (T - tumor size; N- lymph node metastasis; M - distant organ metastasis) system. However, cancers with virtually identical TNM characteristics can present highly contrasting behaviors due to the divergence of molecular profiles. Read More

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Behavior during aging of bone-marrow fatty-acids profile in women's calcaneus to search for early potential osteoporotic biomarkers: A 1H-MR spectroscopy study.

Bone 2022 Aug 8:116514. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

National Research Council, Institute for Complex Systems CNR-ISC, Rome, Italy; Santa Lucia Foundation, IRCCS, Rome, Italy. Electronic address:

Aim: Identify new potential biomarkers of osteoporosis at an early stage, by magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS), studying early changes in the metabolic profile of bone-marrow fatty acids in women's calcanei during healthy aging and osteoporosis status.

Methods: Single voxel MRS was performed by using a point resolved spectroscopy (PRESS) sequence at 3 T. Thirty-four Caucasian women (age range: 22-59 years) were recruited to investigate calcaneus bone marrow. Read More

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Elevated effort cost identified by computational modeling as a distinctive feature explaining multiple behaviors in patients with depression.

Biol Psychiatry Cogn Neurosci Neuroimaging 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Motivation, Brain & Behavior (MBB) lab, Institut du Cerveau (ICM), Hôpital Pitié-Salpêtrière, F-75013, Paris, France; Sorbonne Universités, Inserm, CNRS, Paris, France.

Background: Motivational deficit is a core clinical manifestation of depression and a strong predictor of treatment failure. However, the underlying mechanisms, which cannot be accessed through questionnaire-based conventional scoring, remain largely unknown. According to decision theory, apathy could result either from biased subjective estimates (of action costs or outcomes) or from dysfunctional processes (in making decisions or allocating resources). Read More

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EFFECTIVENESS OF TWO INTERVENTIONS FOR INDEPENDENT ORAL FEEDING IN PRE-TERMS.

Actas Dermosifiliogr 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud. Profesor Honorario Universidad de La Laguna, Tenerife, España.

Introduction: Oral feeding of pre-term newborns (PTNB) is hampered by their immaturity and intercurrent diseases, which can prolong their hospital stay. The objective of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a program that combines tactile, kinesthetic and oral stimulation (T+K+OS) compared to another intervention based on exclusively oral stimulation (OS), in the time necessary to achieve independent feeding and hospital discharge.

Patients And Methods: A clinical study of two randomized groups (OS versus T+K+OS) was carried out on 42 PTNB with gestational age (GA) between 27-32 weeks and birth weight (BW)> 900 gr. Read More

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Chronic exposure to realistic concentrations of metformin prompts a neurotoxic response in Danio rerio adults.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157888. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Laboratorio de Toxicología Ambiental, Facultad de Química, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México, Paseo Colón intersección Paseo Tollocan, Colonia Residencial Colón, CP 50120 Toluca, Estado de México, Mexico.

Metformin (MET) is among the most consumed drugs around the world, and thus, it is considered the uppermost drug in mass discharged into water settings. Nonetheless, data about the deleterious consequences of MET on water organisms are still scarce and require further investigation. Herein, we aimed to establish whether or not chronic exposure to MET (1, 20, and 40 μg/L) may alter the swimming behavior and induce neurotoxicity in Danio rerio adults. Read More

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Occurrence of mercury in polychaete species (Annelida) and their associated sediments from an important Southern Atlantic Ocean Bay.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157965. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia em Energia e Ambiente - INCT, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40170-115 Salvador, BA, Brazil; Centro Interdisciplinar de Energia e Ambiente - CIEnAm, Universidade Federal da Bahia, 40170-115 Salvador, BA, Brazil; Centro Universitário SENAI-CIMATEC, Av. Orlando Gomes, 1845 - Piatã, 41650-010 Salvador, BA, Brazil. Electronic address:

In the present study, the Hg levels in freshly collected polychaete species and their associated sediments were evaluated from Todos os Santos Bay, Northeastern Brazil. Additionally, it was also measured the Hg distribution along the annelids' body parts (anterior region, abdomen, and posterior region). Total Hg concentration was as follows: 13. Read More

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Hand nicotine as an independent marker of thirdhand smoke pollution in children's environments.

Sci Total Environ 2022 Aug 8:157914. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Psychology, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, USA.

Background: Hand nicotine (HN) levels measure children's exposure to tobacco smoke pollutants from thirdhand and secondhand smoke. HN is associated with urinary and salivary cotinine, but the associations of HN with other tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) markers remain unknown.

Objectives: We compared levels of HN and four urinary TSE biomarkers: cotinine, trans-3'-hydroxycotinine (3HC), nicotelline N-oxides, and 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanol (NNAL), and children's sociodemographic and TSE patterns. Read More

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Charged hybrid block copolymer-lipid-cholesterol vesicles: pH, ionic environment, and composition dependence of phase transitions.

Biochim Biophys Acta Biomembr 2022 Aug 8:184026. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Chemical Engineering, University of California Davis, Davis, CA 95616, United States. Electronic address:

The impacts of pH, salt concentration (expressed as Debye length), and composition on the phase behavior of hybrid block copolymer-lipid-cholesterol bilayers incorporating carboxyl-terminated poly(butadiene)-block-poly(ethylene oxide) copolymer (PBdPEO1800) or/and non-carboxyl-terminated PBdPEO (PBdPEO1800 or/and PBdPEO950), egg sphingomyelin (egg SM), and cholesterol were examined using fluorescence spectroscopy of laurdan. Laurdan emission spectra were decomposed into three lognormal curves as functions of energy. The ratio of the area of the mid-energy peak to the sum of the areas of all three peaks was evaluated as vesicles were cooled, yielding temperature breakpoint values (T) expected to be within the range of the phase transition temperature. Read More

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Polyvinyl alcohol/gelatin hydrogels regulate cell adhesion and chromatin accessibility.

Int J Biol Macromol 2022 Aug 8. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mechanical Behavior and Design of Materials, Department of Modern Mechanics, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, China. Electronic address:

Cell adhesion has a critical influence on various processes such as cancer metastasis and wound healing. Many substrates have been used for studying cell adhesion and its related biological processes, it is still highly desirable to have a simply prepared and low-cost substrate suitable for regulating cell adhesion. In this study, we produced a series of polyvinyl alcohol/gelatin hydrogels with different gelatin concentrations via dry-annealing method. Read More

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Modeling hormonal contraception in female rats: a framework for studies in behavioral neurobiology.

Front Neuroendocrinol 2022 Aug 8:101020. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Centre for Studies in Behavioral Neurobiology, Department of Psychology, Concordia University, Montréal, Canada, H4B 1R6. Electronic address:

Research on hormonal contraceptives (HC) in animal models is lacking, and as a result, so is our understanding of the impact of HC on the brain and behavior. Here, we provide a review of the pharmacology of HC, as well as the methodology and best practices for designing a model of HC in female rats. We outline specific methodological considerations regarding dosing, route of administration, exposure time/timing, and selecting a control group. Read More

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Paclobutrazol improves surface water use efficiency by regulating allometric trait behavior in maize.

Chemosphere 2022 Aug 8:135958. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Plant Physiology Laboratory, Department of Botany, University of Jammu, Jammu, 180006, India. Electronic address:

Paclobutrazol (PBZ) role in drought management of maize is least understood. In maize, root traits are linked with surface water management. Over three years, early and terminal deficit irrigation (EDI and TDI) with or without PBZ were imposed on DKC-9144 and PG-2475 maize varieties. Read More

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A systematic review of the molecular simulation of hybrid membranes for performance enhancements and contaminant removals.

Chemosphere 2022 Aug 8:135844. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Petroleum Engineering, School of Engineering, Asia Pacific University of Technology and Innovation, 57000, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Number of research on molecular simulation and design has emerged recently but there is currently a lack of review to present these studies in an organized manner to highlight the advances and feasibility. This paper aims to review the development, structural, physical properties and separation performance of hybrid membranes using molecular simulation approach. The hybrid membranes under review include ionic liquid membrane, mixed matrix membrane, and functionalized hybrid membrane for understanding of the transport mechanism of molecules through the different structures. Read More

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The adsorption-release behavior of sediment phosphorus in a typical "grass-algae" coexisting lake and its influence mechanism during the transition sensitive period.

Chemosphere 2022 Aug 8:135903. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Criteria and Risk Assessment, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China; Institute of Water Environment Research, Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences, Beijing, 100012, China.

In the early stage of eutrophication, the coexistence of "grass and algae" in lakes is obvious. Understanding the P sorption-desorption behavior in natural sediments during the ecologically sensitive transition period has important scientific value for predicting the deterioration of lake ecosystems and formulating restoration measures, but the related mechanisms are still unclear. In this study, the analysis results of sedimentary dissolved organic matter (DOM) fractions, extractable Fe (hydr)oxide fractions and P adsorption experiments showed that sedimentary DOM fractions, especially the tyrosine-like protein fractions and microbial humic-like fractions, played a part in determining the EPC and K values of sediments in the plateau lake environment. Read More

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Mobile tigecycline resistance gene tet(X4) persists with different animal manure composting treatments and fertilizer receiving soils.

Chemosphere 2022 Aug 8:135866. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

State Key Laboratory of Environmental Aquatic Chemistry, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100085, China; University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China. Electronic address:

The emergence of plasmid-mediated tigecycline-resistant genes [tet (×3) to tet (×6)] in animals and humans has raised serious concerns over their possible cross-environmental dissemination. However, behavior of these emerging mobile tet(X)-variant genes in manure treatment processes, particularly for different composting treatments, has not yet been studied. Here, we explored the environmental behavior of mobile tet(X)-variant genes in two typical manure composting treatments and amended soils based on a large-scale molecular investigation across eight provinces in China. Read More

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Differential impact of two paradigms of early-life adversity on behavioural responses to social defeat in young adult rats and morphology of CA3 pyramidal neurons.

Behav Brain Res 2022 Aug 8;435:114048. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Biology, School of Science, Shiraz University, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Early life stress (ELS) is an important factor in programing the brain for future response to stress, and resilience or vulnerability to stress-induced emotional disorders. The hippocampal formation, with essential roles in both regulating the stress circuitry and emotionality, contributes to this adaptive programing. Here, we examined the effects of early handling (EH) and maternal deprivation (MD) as mild and intense postnatal stressors, respectively, on the behavioural responses to social defeat stress in young adulthood. Read More

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Prefrontal cortex is necessary for long-term social recognition memory in mice.

Behav Brain Res 2022 Aug 8:114051. Epub 2022 Aug 8.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Health Science, Kyoto Tachibana University Yamashina, Kyoto, 607-8175, Japan.

The prefrontal cortex (PFC) plays critical roles in social cognition and emotional regulation in humans and rodents; however, its involvement in social recognition memory in mice remains unclear. Here, we examined the roles of the PFC in short-term and long-term social recognition memory, social motivation, and anxiety-related behavior in C57BL/6J male mice. Sham control and PFC-lesioned mice underwent four different behavioral tests. Read More

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