50,122 results match your criteria behavior sleep

Structural and functional magnetic resonance imaging in isolated REM sleep behavior disorder: A systematic review of studies using neuroimaging software.

Sleep Med Rev 2021 Apr 22;59:101495. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Institute of Biomedical Research August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Sobre Enfermedades Neurodegenerativas (CIBERNED:CB06/05/0018-ISCIII), Barcelona, Spain; Sleep Disorders Center, Neurology Service, Hospital Clínic, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Isolated rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) is a harbinger for developing clinical synucleinopathies. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has been suggested as a tool for understanding the brain bases of iRBD and its evolution. This review systematically analyzed original full text articles on structural and functional MRI in patients with video-polysomnography-confirmed iRBD according to systematic procedures suggested by Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA). Read More

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Universal and Selective Interventions to Prevent Poor Mental Health Outcomes in Young People: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Harv Rev Psychiatry 2021 May-Jun 01;29(3):196-215

From the Early Psychosis: Interventions and Clinical-Detection (EPIC) Laboratory, Department of Psychosis Studies, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London (Drs. Salazar de Pablo, De Micheli, Catalan, Verdino, Di Maggio, Radua, Provenzani, Montealegre, Signorini, and Fusar-Poli, and Mr. Oliver); Departments of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (Dr. Salazar de Pablo) and of Psychosis Studies (Drs. Bonoldi and Baccaredda Boy), Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology & Neuroscience, King's College London; Institute of Psychiatry and Mental Health. Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Hospital General Universitario Gregorio Marañón School of Medicine, Universidad Complutense, Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Gregorio Marañón (IiSGM), CIBERSAM, Madrid (Drs. Salazar de Pablo and Arango); National Institute for Health Research, Maudsley Biomedical Research Centre, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Drs. De Micheli and Fusar-Poli); Department of Brain and Behavioral Sciences, University of Pavia (Drs. Di Maggio, Provenzani, Ruzzi, Calorio, Nosari, Di Marco, Famularo, Molteni, Filosi, Mensi, Balottin, Politi, and Fusar-Poli); Neurosciences Department, University of Padova (Dr. Solmi); Mental Health Department, Biocruces Bizkaia Health Research Institute, Basurto University Hospital, Facultad de Medicina y Odontología, Campus de Leioa, University of the Basque Country, UPV/EHU, Barakaldo, Bizkaia, Spain (Dr. Catalan); Department of Molecular and Developmental Medicine, Division of Psychiatry, University of Siena (Dr. Verdino); Imaging of Mood- and Anxiety-Related Disorders (IMARD) group, Institut d'Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer (IDIBAPS), CIBERSAM, Barcelona (Dr. Radua); Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Centre for Psychiatric Research and Education, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm (Dr. Radua); Scientific Institute for Research, Hospitalization and Healthcare (IRCCS) Mondino Foundation, Child and Adolescent Neuropsychiatric Unit (Dr. Mensi); Department of Paediatrics, Yonsei University College of Medicine, Seoul (Dr. Shin); Zucker Hillside Hospital, Department of Psychiatry, Northwell Health, Glen Oaks, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Psychiatry and Molecular Medicine, Donald and Barbara Zucker School of Medicine at Hofstra/Northwell, Hempstead, NY (Dr. Correll); Center for Psychiatric Neuroscience, Feinstein Institute for Medical Research, Manhasset, NY (Dr. Correll); Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin (Dr. Correll); OASIS service, South London and Maudsley NHS Foundation Trust, London (Dr. Fusar-Poli).

Background: Much is not known about the efficacy of interventions to prevent poor mental health outcomes in young people by targeting either the general population (universal prevention) or asymptomatic individuals with high risk of developing a mental disorder (selective prevention).

Methods: We conducted a PRISMA/MOOSE-compliant systematic review and meta-analysis of Web of Science to identify studies comparing post-test efficacy (effect size [ES]; Hedges' g) of universal or selective interventions for poor mental health outcomes versus control groups, in samples with mean age <35 years (PROSPERO: CRD42018102143). Measurements included random-effects models, I2 statistics, publication bias, meta-regression, sensitivity analyses, quality assessments, number needed to treat, and population impact number. Read More

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The spatiotemporal changes in dopamine, neuromelanin and iron characterizing Parkinson's disease.

Brain 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Sorbonne Université, Institut du Cerveau - Paris Brain Institute - ICM, INSERM, CNRS, 75013 Paris, France.

In Parkinson's disease, there is a progressive reduction in striatal dopaminergic function, and loss of neuromelanin-containing dopaminergic neurons and increased iron deposition in the substantia nigra. We tested the hypothesis of a relationship between impairment of the dopaminergic system and changes in the iron metabolism. Based on imaging data of patients with prodromal and early clinical Parkinson's disease, we assessed the spatiotemporal ordering of such changes and relationships in the sensorimotor, associative and limbic territories of the nigrostriatal system. Read More

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Motor Dysfunction in REM Sleep Behavior Disorder: A Rehabilitation Framework for Prodromal Synucleinopathy.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2021 May 12:15459683211011238. Epub 2021 May 12.

University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, USA.

Parkinson disease (PD) and other related diseases with α-synuclein pathology are associated with a long prodromal or preclinical stage of disease. Predictive models based on diagnosis of idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) make it possible to identify people in the prodromal stage of synucleinopathy who have a high probability of future disease and provide an opportunity to implement neuroprotective therapies. However, rehabilitation providers may be unaware of iRBD and the motor abnormalities that indicate early motor system dysfunction related to α-synuclein pathology. Read More

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Circadian misalignment disturbs the skeletal muscle lipidome in healthy young men.

FASEB J 2021 Jun;35(6):e21611

Department of Nutrition and Movement Sciences, NUTRIM School for Nutrition and Translational Research in Metabolism, Maastricht University Medical Center, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Circadian misalignment, as seen in shift work, is associated with an increased risk to develop type 2 diabetes. In an experimental setting, we recently showed that a rapid day-night shift for 3 consecutive nights leads to misalignment of the core molecular clock, induction of the PPAR pathway, and insulin resistance in skeletal muscle of young, healthy men. Here, we investigated if circadian misalignment affects the skeletal muscle lipidome and intramyocellular lipid droplet characteristics, explaining the misalignment-induced insulin resistance. Read More

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Dimensional analysis of the upper airway in obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients treated with mandibular advancement device: a bi and three-dimensional evaluation.

J Oral Rehabil 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Stomatology, Medical School of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain.

Background: The efficiency of the mandibular advancement device (MAD) in patients with obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has been demonstrated. Nevertheless, the behavior of the upper airway once MAD is placed and titrated, and its correlation with the apnea hipopnea index (AHI) is still under discussion.

Objectives: analyze the morphological changes of the upper airway through a bi and three- dimensional study and correlate it with the polysomnographic variable, AHI. Read More

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The START study: An evaluation to study the impact of a natural experiment in high school start times on adolescent weight and related behaviors.

Obs Stud 2020 7;6:66-86. Epub 2020 Feb 7.

Division of Epidemiology and Community Health, University of Minnesota School of Public Health, MN, USA.

Background: Research has shown that early high school start times, which are asynchronous with adolescent biology, are one of the most significant obstacles to youth being able to net sufficient sleep. Given that adolescence is a critical period that sets the stage for long-term obesity risk behavior patterns, there is an need to understand the obesity-related implications of increased sleep as a result of intervention and policy changes.

Methods: We evaluated a community-based natural experiment in school start time policy modification when several Minneapolis-St. Read More

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February 2020

Incidence and Progression of Rapid Eye Movement Behavior Disorder in Early Parkinson's Disease.

Mov Disord Clin Pract 2021 May 10;8(4):534-540. Epub 2021 Mar 10.

Paracelsus-Elena Klinik Kassel Germany.

Background: Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is associated with neurodegenerative diseases; however, few longitudinal studies assess the individual evolution of RBD and REM sleep without atonia (RWA) in Parkinson's disease (PD).

Objectives: We aimed to evaluate RBD and RWA changes over time as well as potentially influential factors.

Methods: RBD and RWA were analyzed using video-supported polysomnography (vPSG) in initially de novo PD patients at baseline and every 2 years for a total of 6 years. Read More

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Electrophysiological Evaluation in Identifying Unique Sleep Features Among Anti-LGI1 Encephalitis Patients During Active and Recovery Phase.

Nat Sci Sleep 2021 3;13:527-536. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Neurology, Shandong Provincial Hospital Affiliated to Shandong First Medical University, Jinan City, Shandong Province, 250021, People's Republic of China.

Objective: The purpose of this study was to illustrate the electrophysiological features of sleep disturbances in patients with anti-leucine-rich glioma-inactivated protein 1 (anti-LGI1) encephalitis in both active and recovery stages.

Methods: Retrospectively filed video electroencephalogram (VEEG) and polysomnography (PSG) data in 24 patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis were analyzed in comparison with that in 20 individuals without sleep disorders as control group.

Results: Sleep efficiency (SE) and total sleep time involving REM and NREM sleep were significantly decreased in patients with anti-LGI1 encephalitis during the active stage compared to that during the recovery stage and in the control group. Read More

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Familial sleep and autism spectrum disorder: a pilot actigraphy study of sleep quality, quality of life and psychological distress.

Ir J Psychol Med 2021 May 11:1-11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Irish Centre for Autism and Neurodevelopmental Research (ICAN), School of Psychology, National University of Ireland, Galway, Ireland.

Objectives: Sleep problems are common among children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and can have a negative impact on the child's behaviour and daytime functioning. The current pilot study examined objective measurements of child and parent sleep as factors associated with the stress, anxiety, depressive symptoms, social support and quality of life of parents of children with ASD.

Methods: Participants were nine children with ASD and their parents (nine mothers and three fathers). Read More

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Developmental trajectories of sleep during childhood and adolescence are related to health in young adulthood.

Acta Paediatr 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Curtin School of Allied Health, Curtin University, Perth, Australia.

Aim: Sleep behaviour is correlated and causally related to physical and mental health. Limited longitudinal data exist on the associations of poor sleep behaviour in childhood and adolescence with adult health. Parent-reported sleep behaviours from 1993 participants of the Raine Study (at ages 5, 8, 10, 14, 17) were used to determine sleep trajectories (using latent class growth analysis). Read More

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Translation and cross-cultural adaptation of the pediatric sleep questionnaire (PSQ*) into Brazilian Portuguese.

Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Apr 20. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Medicina de Ribeirão Preto, Divisão de Otorrinolaringologia, Departamento de Oftalmologia, Otorrinolaringologia e Cirurgia de Cabeça e Pescoço, Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Introduction: Obstructive sleep apnea is a frequent entity in childhood that can lead to important consequences for the health and children's quality of live. Polysomnography is the gold-standard exam to diagnose obstructive sleep apnea, but it is expensive, complex, and poorly affordable in Brazil. The pediatric sleep questionnaire has shown to be a valuable screening test for obstructive sleep apnea. Read More

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Usability and Acceptance of Wearable Biosensors in Forensic Psychiatry: Cross-sectional Questionnaire Study.

JMIR Form Res 2021 May 10;5(5):e18096. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychology, Health and Technology, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands.

Background: The use of wearable biosensor devices for monitoring and coaching in forensic psychiatric settings yields high expectations for improved self-regulation of emotions and behavior in clients and staff members. More so, if clients have mild intellectual disabilities (IQ 50-85), they might benefit from these biosensors as they are easy to use in everyday life, which ensures that clients can practice with the devices in multiple stress and arousal-inducing situations. However, research on (continuous) use and acceptance of biosensors in forensic psychiatry for clients with mild intellectual disabilities and their caretakers is scarce. Read More

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Sleep profile predicts the cognitive decline of mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease patients.

Sleep 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Unitat Trastorns Cognitius, Clinical Neuroscience Research, Santa Maria University Hospital, IRBLleida, Lleida, Spain.

Study Objectives: To investigate the association between sleep and cognitive decline of patients with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease.

Methods: Observational, prospective study, including consecutive patients diagnosed with mild-moderate Alzheimer's disease. Cerebrospinal fluid was collected for amyloid-beta, total-tau, and phospho-tau levels determination. Read More

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The Power of for Modeling Neonicotinoid Effects on Pollinators and Identifying Novel Mechanisms.

Front Physiol 2021 21;12:659440. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

School of Physiology, Pharmacology and Neuroscience, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom.

Neonicotinoids are the most widely used insecticides in the world and are implicated in the widespread population declines of insects including pollinators. Neonicotinoids target nicotinic acetylcholine receptors which are expressed throughout the insect central nervous system, causing a wide range of sub-lethal effects on non-target insects. Here, we review the potential of the fruit fly to model the sub-lethal effects of neonicotinoids on pollinators, by utilizing its well-established assays that allow rapid identification and mechanistic characterization of these effects. Read More

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Characterization of Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms in Idiopathic REM Sleep Behavior Disorder.

J Parkinsons Dis 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Neurology, McGill University, Montreal General Hospital, Montreal, 7 QC, Canada.

Background: Depression and anxiety are common in synucleinopathies and often present during prodromal stages, including idiopathic/isolated REM sleep behavior disorder (iRBD). However, the specific profiles of depression/anxiety and their predictive values for phenoconversion remain unclear.

Objective: To assess the predominant manifestations, predictive value, and changes over time in depressive and anxiety symptoms in iRBD. Read More

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The Behavioral and Psychological Symptoms of Dementia in Down Syndrome scale (BPSD-DS II): Optimization and Further Validation.

J Alzheimers Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Neurology and Alzheimer Center, University of Groningen, University Medical Center Groningen, Groningen, The Netherlands.

Background: People with Down syndrome (DS) are at high risk to develop Alzheimer's disease dementia (AD). Behavioral and psychological symptoms of dementia (BPSD) are common and may also serve as early signals for dementia. However, comprehensive evaluation scales for BPSD, adapted to DS, are lacking. Read More

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Effect of interaction between obesity-promoting genetic variants and behavioral factors on the risk of obese phenotypes.

Mol Genet Genomics 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Molecular Biology and Human Genetics Laboratory, Dr. Panjwani Center for Molecular Medicine and Drug Research (PCMD), International Center for Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS), University of Karachi, Karachi, 75270, Pakistan.

The studies investigating gene-gene and gene-environment (or gene-behavior) interactions provide valuable insight into the pathomechanisms underlying obese phenotypes. The Pakistani population due to its unique characteristics offers numerous advantages for conducting such studies. In this view, the current study was undertaken to examine the effects of gene-gene and gene-environment/behavior interactions on the risk of obesity in a sample of Pakistani population. Read More

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"We Really Need This": Trauma-Informed Yoga for Veteran Women with a history of Military Sexual Trauma.

Complement Ther Med 2021 May 6:102729. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Alpert Medical School of Brown University, Box G-BH, 700 Butler Drive, Providence, RI, 02906, United States(1); Behavioral Medicine and Addictions Research, Butler Hospital, 345 Blackstone Blvd., Providence, RI, 02906, United States. Electronic address:

Objectives: Up to 70% of women service members in the United States report military sexual trauma (MST); many develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and co-occurring disorders. Trauma-informed yoga (TIY) is suggested to improve psychiatric symptoms and shown feasible and acceptable in emerging research, yet no work has evaluated TIY in MST survivors. The current quality improvement project aimed to examine TIY's feasibility, acceptability, and perceived effects in the context of MST. Read More

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Fasting gallbladder volume is increased in patients with Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Apr 30;87:56-60. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Nuclear Medicine and PET, Aarhus University Hospital, Palle Juul-Jensens Boulevard 165, J220, 8200, Aarhus N, Denmark.

Introduction: Autonomic denervation in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD) and isolated REM-sleep behavior disorder (iRBD) could impede gallbladder function leading to increased fasting gallbladder volume (fGBV) and higher risk of gallstones. We aimed to determine fGBV in patients with PD, iRBD, and healthy controls (HCs).

Methods: We included 189 subjects; 100 patients with PD, 21 with iRBD, and 68 HCs. Read More

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Comparison in detection of prodromal Parkinson's disease patients using original and updated MDS research criteria in two independent cohorts.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Apr 30;87:48-55. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Neurology, P. J. Safarik University, Trieda SNP 1, 04011, Kosice, Slovak Republic; Department of Neurology, University Hospital L. Pasteur, Rastislavova 43, 04190, Kosice, Slovak Republic.

Introduction: MDS research criteria for prodromal Parkinson's disease (pPD) were published in 2015 and updated in 2019. We aimed to determine the difference in pPD patient detection rates in two cohorts recruited via gastrointestinal symptoms (PARCAS study) and the presence of a probable REM sleep behaviour disorder (PDBIOM study) using the original and updated criteria.

Methods: We evaluated all risk and prodromal markers, except genetic testing, plasma urate and physical inactivity, in both cohorts and DaT scan, diabetes mellitus type II and cognitive deficit in the PARCAS cohort. Read More

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Plasma NfL, clinical subtypes and motor progression in Parkinson's disease.

Parkinsonism Relat Disord 2021 Apr 27;87:41-47. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Neurology Unit, Department of Clinical and Experimental Sciences, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.

Introduction: neurofilament light chain (NfL) levels have been proposed as reliable biomarkers of neurodegeneration in Parkinson's disease (PD) but the relationship between plasma NfL, clinical subtypes of PD and motor progression is still debated.

Methods: plasma NfL concentration was measured in 45 healthy controls and consecutive 92 PD patients who underwent an extensive motor and non-motor assessment at baseline and after 2 years of follow-up. PD malignant phenotype was defined as the combination of at least two out of cognitive impairment, orthostatic hypotension and REM sleep behavior disorder. Read More

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Sex Differences, Sleep Disturbance and Risk of Persistent Pain Associated With Groin Hernia Surgery: A Nationwide Register-Based Cohort Study.

J Pain 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Clinical Sciences Malmö, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden; Department of Surgery, Skåne University Hospital, Malmö, Sweden.

Persistent pain after groin hernia repair is a major health problem. Sleep disturbance is associated with heightened pain sensitivity. The main objective of this study was to examine the role of sleep disturbance in the development and long-term maintenance of chronic postherniorrhaphy inguinal pain (CPIP), with exploration of sex differences. Read More

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The effect of sleep-wake intraindividial variability in digital cognitive behaviour therapy for insomnia: A mediation analysis of a large-scale RCT.

Sleep 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Department of Mental Health, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway.

Study Objectives: Digital Cognitive Behavioural Therapy for Insomnia (dCBT-I) is an effective treatment for insomnia. However, less is known about mediators of its benefits. The aim of the present study was to test if intraindividual variability in sleep (IIV) was reduced with dCBT-I, and whether any identified reduction was a mediator of dCBT-I on insomnia severity and psychological distress. Read More

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Using machine learning techniques to characterize sleep-deprived driving behavior.

Traffic Inj Prev 2021 May 7:1-6. Epub 2021 May 7.

Centre for Human Drug Research, Leiden, the Netherlands.

Objective: Sleep deprivation is known to affect driving behavior and may lead to serious car accidents similar to the effects from e.g., alcohol. Read More

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Investigation of the relationships between sleep behaviors and risk of healthspan termination: a prospective cohort study based on 323,373 UK-Biobank participants.

Sleep Breath 2021 May 6. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Center for Global Health, School of Public Health, Nanjing Medical University, 101 Longmian Road, Nanjing, 211166, China.

Objectives: To examine the associations between four sleep behaviors and the risk of healthspan termination.

Methods: This study included 323,373 participants, free of terminated healthspan at baseline, from the UK-Biobank (UKB). We applied multivariable-adjusted Cox regression models to estimate the risk of terminated healthspan based on four sleep behaviors (insomnia/sleeplessness, napping, daytime sleepiness, and difficulty getting up from bed), which were self-reported and measured on Likert scales from "usually" to "never/rarely" experiences. Read More

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Student health behavior and academic performance.

PeerJ 2021 16;9:e11107. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Marieb College of Health & Human Services, Florida Gulf Coast University, Fort Myers, Florida, United States of America.

Objective: To explore the association between health behaviors and habits of university students and academic achievement.

Participants: Six hundred fourteen undergraduate students at a state university in the United States.

Methods: Students were invited over a 2-year period to participate in an anonymous online survey that asked questions concerning a wide range of health behaviors and habits; participants were asked to report their current grade point average (GPA). Read More

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Sleep and its Association With Pain and Depression in Nursing Home Patients With Advanced Dementia - a Cross-Sectional Study.

Front Psychol 2021 20;12:633959. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway.

Previous research suggests a positive association between pain, depression and sleep. In this study, we investigate how sleep correlates with varying levels of pain and depression in nursing home (NH) patients with dementia. Cross-sectional study ( = 141) with sleep-related data, derived from two multicenter studies conducted in Norway. Read More

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Cross-sectional analysis of the Parkinson's disease Non-motor International Longitudinal Study baseline non-motor characteristics, geographical distribution and impact on quality of life.

Sci Rep 2021 May 5;11(1):9611. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Basic and Clinical Neuroscience, Institute of Psychiatry, Psychology and Neuroscience, King's College London, London, UK.

Growing evidence suggests that non-motor symptoms (NMS) in Parkinson's disease (PD) have differential progression patterns that have a different natural history from motor progression and may be geographically influenced. We conducted a cross-sectional analysis of 1607 PD patients of whom 1327 were from Europe, 208 from the Americas, and 72 from Asia. The primary objective was to assess baseline non-motor burden, defined by Non-Motor Symptoms Scale (NMSS) total scores. Read More

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