15,940 results match your criteria beck depression

Can dogs and cats really help our spinal cord stimulation patients?

Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2021 Jul 22;208:106831. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Neuroscience and Experimental Therapeutics, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA; Department of Neurosurgery, Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA. Electronic address:

Objectives: Pet ownership has been shown to decrease morbidity and mortality in several aspects of health but has not been studied in chronic pain patients. We evaluate whether subjects who underwent spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and own a pet have improved outcomes compared to non-pet owners.

Methods: After obtaining IRB approval, we re-contacted 38 subjects who underwent SCS surgery with preoperative and 1-year postoperative data on Numerical Rating Scale (NRS), McGill Pain Questionnaire (MPQ), Oswestry Disability Index (ODI), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), and Pain Catastrophizing scale (PCS). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Changes in sleep structure and sleep spindles are associated with the neuropsychiatric profile in paradoxical insomnia.

Int J Psychophysiol 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Istanbul University-Cerrahpasa, Cerrahpasa Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neurology, Sleep and Disorders Unit, Istanbul 34098, Turkey.

Aim: Sleep spindles have an important role in the pathophysiology and perception of sleep. We aimed to investigate the link between sleep spindles and microstructural architecture of sleep in regard to psychiatric characteristics in paradoxical insomnia.

Method: A total of 40 participants (20 with paradoxical insomnia, 20 healthy controls) were included in the study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors affecting compliance with positive airway pressure therapy in obstructive sleep apnea.

Sleep Breath 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Department of Chest Diseases, Ünye State Hospital, Ordu, Turkey.

Objective: To investigate the factors affecting compliance with positive airway pressure (PAP) therapy and establish the relationship between compliance and pulmonary function tests (PFT) in patients with OSA.

Material And Methods: In this prospective study, patients with OSA using PAP devices were questioned about the complaints related to the device. Depression and anxiety scales along with PFT parameters were also assessed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The psychological impact of the Coronavirus emergency on physicians and nurses: an Italian observational study.

Acta Biomed 2021 Jul 29;92(S2):e2021030. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

"Santa Chiara" Institute, Lecce, Italy.

Background: The Coronavirus has put a strain on the response capacity of health systems and there are various psychological effects on health workers.

Aim Of The Study: To investigate the psychological impact of the coronavirus emergency on physicians and nurses.

Materials And Methods: A study was conducted on a sample of nurses and physicians (n=770), who were asked to fill in a questionnaire investigating physical and psychological problems. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Prevalence and correlates of hopelessness in Tunisian women with benign breast disease and breast cancer.

J Psychosoc Oncol 2021 Jul 30:1-18. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, Tunis El Manar University, Tunis, Tunisia.

Background: There is limited research suggesting that women with Benign Breast Disease (BBD) experience psychological distress similar to breast cancer (BC) women. We aimed to examine hopelessness and its related factors in BC and BBD women.

Method: This was a cross-sectional study. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Heart Rate Variability Changes in Patients With Major Depressive Disorder: Related to Confounding Factors, Not to Symptom Severity?

Front Neurosci 2021 5;15:675624. Epub 2021 Jul 5.

Oberbergklinik Hornberg, Hornberg, Germany.

Background: The aim of this study was to assess the electrophysiological and other influencing factors correlating with symptom severity in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD) under three different conditions: baseline, stress exposure, and relaxation following stress exposure.

Methods: Symptom severity was assessed using the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-II) in 89 inpatients (37 women; mean age 51 years) with MDD. Resting heart rate (RHR), heart rate variability (HRV), respiration rate (RR), skin conductance (SC), and skin temperature (ST) were recorded at baseline for 300 s, under stress exposure for 60 s, and under self-induced relaxation for 300 s. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Evaluation of Attachment Style and Social Support in Patients With Severe Migraine. Applications in Doctor-Patient Relationships and Treatment Adherence.

Front Neurol 2021 12;12:706639. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Département de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire de Besançon, Besançon, France.

The aim of this observational study was to describe social support and patterns of attachment among patients with migraine. We hypothesized that in comparison to the general population, insecure attachment is overrepresented in migraine patients, and that these patients have less social support. We also aimed to study the specific relationship between attachment and social support. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Cost-Effectiveness of a Web-Based Program for Residual Depressive Symptoms: Mindful Mood Balance.

Psychiatr Serv 2021 Jul 29:appips202000419. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Institute for Health Research, Kaiser Permanente Colorado, Aurora (Boggs, Ritzwoller, Beck); Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of Colorado Boulder, Boulder (Dimidjian); Graduate Department of Psychological Clinical Science, University of Toronto Scarborough, Toronto (Segal).

Objective: Mindful Mood Balance (MMB) is an effective Web-based program for residual depressive symptoms that prevents relapse among patients with partial recovery from major depressive episodes. This cost-effectiveness analysis was conducted from the health plan perspective alongside a pragmatic randomized controlled trial of MMB.

Methods: Adults were recruited from behavioral health and primary care settings in a large integrated health system and randomly assigned to MMB plus usual depression care (MMB+UDC) or UDC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Neurocognitive, Quality of Life, and Behavioral Outcomes for Patients With Covert Stroke After Cardiac Surgery: Exploratory Analysis of Data From a Prospectively Randomized Trial.

Anesth Analg 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

From the Department of Anesthesiology.

Background: Asymptomatic brain ischemic injury detected with diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging (DWI) is reported in more than one-half of patients after cardiac surgery. There are conflicting findings on whether DWI-detected covert stroke is associated with neurocognitive dysfunction after surgery, and it is unclear whether such ischemic injury affects quality of life or behavioral outcomes. The purpose of this study was to perform exploratory analysis on whether covert stroke after cardiac surgery is associated with delayed neurocognitive recovery 1 month after surgery, impaired quality of life, anxiety, or depression. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Depression and obesity, but not mild obstructive sleep apnea, are associated factors for female sexual dysfunction.

Sleep Breath 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Departamento de Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - UNIFESP, São Paulo, Brazil.

Purpose: Mild obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) is more prevalent than moderate and severe OSA and is more frequent in men than women. The association between OSA and female sexual dysfunction (FSD) is still poorly explored in published studies. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of FSD in women with mild OSA and assess the impact of OSA on FSD, as well as to determine the predictors for FSD risk. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Low Quality of Life, Falls, and Pre-Frailty are Associated with Depressive Symptoms in Virologically Suppressed PLWHIV in Salvador, Brazil.

AIDS Behav 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade Federal da Bahia, Salvador, Brazil.

Depression is the leading cause of years lived with disability worldwide and PLWHIV present a higher risk of developing depressive symptoms. We aimed to evaluate depressive symptoms and their predictors in virologically suppressed PLWHIV. We conducted a cross-sectional study with 200 PLWHIV. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Sleep Disorders in Pregnancy, Influencing Factors and Quality of Life.

Z Geburtshilfe Neonatol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Etlik Zubeyde Hanim Education and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey.

Aim: In our study, the frequency of sleep disturbances in pregnancy, the reasons underlying the low quality of sleep, clinical factors, and the effects on quality of life were investigated.

Methods: The study was planned as a prospective study and included 189 pregnant women. Clinical features, laboratory results, socio-demographic status, obstetric and medical anamnesis were evaluated. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Insight and Outcome in Long-Term Psychotherapies of Depression.

Z Psychosom Med Psychother 2021 Jul 26:OA10. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

International Psychoanalytic University, Berlin Stromstrasse 3b 10555 Berlin Germany.

In different therapeutic approaches, insight is acknowledged as an important part of patient's therapeutic change process. We examined whether the level of insight (1) differs between psychoanalytic (PA), psychodynamic (PD) and cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT), and (2) predicts long-term symptomatic outcome. A completer sample of 67 depressed patients from the Munich Psychotherapy Study was analyzed. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Music and art therapy combined with cognitive behavioral therapy to treat adolescent anorexia patients.

Am J Transl Res 2021 15;13(6):6534-6542. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

Department of General Surgery, Affiliated Hospital of Jinggangshan University Ji'an 343000, Jiangxi Province, China.

Objective: To investigate the efficacy and feasibility of music and art therapy combined with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) in the treatment of adolescent patients with anorexia.

Methods: A total of 77 patients admitted to our hospital from August 2018 to October 2019 were recruited as the study cohort, but 11 patients who dropped out of the study were excluded. The data from the 66 patients were collected for a statistical analysis. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Increases in Stressors Prior to-Versus During the COVID-19 Pandemic in the United States Are Associated With Depression Among Middle-Aged Mothers.

Front Psychol 2021 7;12:706120. Epub 2021 Jul 7.

Institute for Human Neuroscience, Boys Town National Research Hospital, Omaha, NE, United States.

Working parents in are struggling to balance the demands of their occupation with those of childcare and homeschooling during the COVID-19 pandemic. Moreover, studies show that women are shouldering more of the burden and reporting greater levels of psychological distress, anxiety, and depression relative to men. However, research has yet to show that increases in psychological symptoms are linked to changes in stress during the pandemic. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The long psychological shadow of COVID-19 upon healthcare workers: A global concern for action.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 16;294:220-226. Epub 2021 Jul 16.

Department of Psychology, University of Turin, Italy.

Introduction: The outbreak of COVID-19 has posed unprecedented psychological pressure upon every National Health Service in the world. In Piedmont, one of the most affected areas in Italy, 4550 healthcare workers were assessed online in May-June 2020, after the acute outbreak of March-April 2020, that compelled the Italian government to enforce, what was then, the first total lockdown in the Western world.

Methods: Socio-demographic information of healthcare workers was gathered along with responses to: General Anxiety Disorder-7, Impact of Event Scale-Revised, Beck Depression Inventory-II, Peritraumatic Dissociative Experiences Questionnaire. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

In-Treatment Changes in Quality of Life-Related Variables in Therapeutic Communities for Cocaine Abusers: Are These Changes Associated with Clinical Outcomes?

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 12;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Instituto de Investigación e Innovación Biomédica de Cádiz (INiBICA), 11009 Cádiz, Spain.

Background: Few studies have explored changes in quality of life during the first three months of admission to a therapeutic community for addictions. The objective of this study was to determine the relationship between these changes and treatment outcomes at discharge.

Methods: We undertook a prospective longitudinal study of 142 cocaine-dependent patients treated at a therapeutics community. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Physical Activity Level and Self-Esteem in Middle-Aged Women.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 8;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 8.

School of Health Sciences in Katowice, Medical University of Silesia, 40-752 Katowice, Poland.

: Physical activity (PA) is a behavioral modality that may help decrease negative symptoms of menopause and enhance some positive aspects of mental health, including self-esteem. Reduced self-esteem may put menopausal women at higher risk of negative outcomes of menopause and result in a more unpleasant and stressful menopausal experience. The objective of this study was to examine the role of physical activity level on self-esteem in middle-aged women. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lonely in the City-Sociodemographic Status and Somatic Morbidities as Predictors of Loneliness and Depression among Seniors-Preliminary Results.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Jul 6;18(14). Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology in Warsaw, Second Department of Psychiatry, Sobieskiego 9, 02-957 Warsaw, Poland.

Up to a third of the population of older adults has been estimated to suffer from feelings of loneliness, which is considered a risk factor of depression. The aim of this paper is to compare the perceived level of loneliness and depression in seniors living in the country and in the cities and assess somatic morbidity and sociodemographic status as predictors of loneliness and depressiveness. = 92 older adults in primary care units filled out a set of questionnaires: authors' survey on sociodemographic data and morbidities, Beck Depression Inventory II (BDI, to measure depressiveness) and De Jong Gierveld Loneliness Scale (DJGLS, to assess loneliness). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The use of the French Dimensional Apathy Scale (f-DAS) to assess apathy in schizophrenia: Properties and profiles.

J Affect Disord 2021 Jul 9;294:181-188. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Laboratoire de Psychologie des Pays de la Loire, LPPL EA 4638, SFR Confluences, UNIV Angers, Nantes Université, Maison de la recherche Germaine Tillion, 5 bis Boulevard Lavoisier, 49045 Angers Cedex 01; Département de Neurologie, Centre Hospitalier Universitaire d'Angers, Angers, France.

Background: Apathy can be defined as a quantitative reduction of self-generated voluntary and purposeful (or goal-directed) behaviour. The literature underlines the triadic dimensional nature of apathy, but in schizophrenia there are inconsistencies due to difficulty in assessment. The Dimensional Apathy Scale (DAS) and its validation into French (f-DAS) provide measurement of three neurobehavioral apathy subtypes: Executive, Emotional and Initiation, but these subtypes have never been explored in schizophrenia. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

¡No me duele cuando me deprimo!: An Examination of Ethnic Differences in Depression Symptoms Among Latinx and Non-Latinx Primary Care Patients.

J Immigr Minor Health 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Psychology MS0296, University of Nevada, Reno, NV, 89557, USA.

The research on ethnic differences in prevalence rates of depression is mixed. Additionally, culture has been hypothesized to impact symptom manifestation. The purpose of this study was to examine prevalence rates of depression among Spanish-speaking Latinx and non-Latinx White (NLW) primary care patients and explore ethnic differences in how depression symptoms manifest. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

A Network Perspective on the Comorbidity of Personality Disorders and Mental Disorders: An Illustration of Depression and Borderline Personality Disorder.

Front Psychol 2021 6;12:680805. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

Department of Psychology, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

The comorbidity of personality disorders and mental disorders is commonly understood through three types of theoretical models: either a) personality disorders precede mental disorders, b) mental disorders precede personality disorders, c) mental disorders and personality disorders share common etiological grounds. Although these hypotheses differ with respect to their idea of causal direction, they all imply a latent variable perspective, in which it is assumed that either personality and mental disorders are latent variables that have certain causal relations [models a) and b)]; or that, as in model c), the common etiology is in fact a latent variable that causes symptomatology of both personality and mental disorders. We aim to provide another perspective on the comorbidity between personality and mental disorders, namely a network perspective. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 Pandemic Stress-Induced Somatization in Transplant Waiting List Patients.

Front Psychiatry 2021 6;12:671383. Epub 2021 Jul 6.

General, Visceral and Transplant Surgery, Medical University of Graz, Graz, Austria.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has resulted in widespread socioeconomic restrictions including quarantine, social distancing and self-isolation. This is the first study investigating the psychological impact of the pandemic on patients waiting for liver or kidney transplantation, a particularly vulnerable group. Twenty-seven patients on the transplantation waiting list and 43 healthy controls took part in an online survey including the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI-2), the Brief Symptom Inventory-18 (BSI-18), the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI), the Alcohol Use Identification Test (AUDIT-C), the 12-item Operationalized Psychodynamic Diagnosis Structure Questionnaire (OPD-SQS) and a questionnaire to determine cognitions and beliefs, attitude and fear related to COVID-19. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Acute gene expression changes in the mouse hippocampus following a combined Gulf War toxicant exposure.

Life Sci 2021 Jul 19:119845. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Laboratory of Molecular Biology, VA New Jersey Health Care System, Research & Development (Mailstop 15), Bldg. 16, Rm. 16-176, 385 Tremont Ave, East Orange, NJ 07018, United States of America; Rutgers School of Graduate Studies, Newark, NJ 07103, United States of America; Laboratory of Molecular Biology, Bay Pines VA Healthcare System, Research and Development, 151, Bldg. 22, Rm. 123, 10000 Bay Pines Blvd, Bay Pines, FL 33744, United States of America; Pharmacology, Physiology, and Neuroscience, Rutgers-New Jersey Medical School, Newark, NJ 07103, United States of America. Electronic address:

Aims: Approximately 30% of the nearly 700,000 Veterans who were deployed to the Gulf War from 1990 to 1991 have reported experiencing a variety of symptoms including difficulties with learning and memory, depression and anxiety, and increased incidence of neurodegenerative diseases. Combined toxicant exposure to acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitors has been studied extensively as a likely risk factor. In this study, we modeled Gulf War exposure in male C57Bl/6J mice with simultaneous administration of three chemicals implicated as exposure hazards for Gulf War Veterans: pyridostigmine bromide, the anti-sarin prophylactic; chlorpyrifos, an organophosphate insecticide; and the repellant N,N-diethyl-m-toluamide (DEET). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Therapeutic Effects of Ba-Duan-Jin versus Pregabalin for Fibromyalgia Treatment: Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Trial.

Rheumatol Ther 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Rheumatology, Guang'anmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, Beijing, China.

Introduction: Fibromyalgia is characterized by multi-focal pain and is associated with fatigue, unrefreshing sleep and psychological impairment. Pregabalin is one of the most frequently used agents in fibromyalgia treatment. However, it has failed to demonstrate benefit over placebo for reducing fatigue and psychological impairment, and may cause adverse effects (e. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Autistic traits as predictors of persistent depression.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 Jul 20. Epub 2021 Jul 20.

Department of Psychiatry, Nagoya University Graduate School of Medicine, 65 Tsurumai-cho, Showa-ku, 466-8550, Nagoya, Aichi, Japan.

Persistent depression has been suggested to be associated with autistic traits in people of working age. This study aimed to clarify which autistic characteristics at the initial visit were associated with persistent depression at the 12 week follow-up in a primary care setting. Newly depressed outpatients aged 24-59 years with no history of autism were asked to complete the 50-item autism spectrum quotient (AQ) and the Beck depression inventory (BDI) at baseline and 12 week follow-up (N = 123, males: 48%, age: 37. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Physical activity, physical self-perception and depression symptoms in patients with major depressive disorder: a mediation analysis.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 Jul 19. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Institute of Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, University Hospital of Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Germany.

Physical inactivity is discussed as one of the most detrimental influences for lifestyle-related medical complications such as obesity, heart disease, hypertension, diabetes and premature mortality in in- and outpatients with major depressive disorder (MDD). In contrast, intervention studies indicate that moderate-to-vigorous-intensity physical activity (MVPA) might reduce complications and depression symptoms itself. Self-reported data on depression [Beck-Depression-Inventory-II (BDI-II)], general habitual well-being (FAHW), self-esteem and physical self-perception (FAHW, MSWS) were administrated in a cross-sectional study with 76 in- and outpatients with MDD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF