100 results match your criteria bear book


The Relationship Between Androgens and Days per Month of Period Pain, Pelvic Pain, Headache, and TLR4 Responsiveness of Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells in Young Women with Dysmenorrhoea.

J Pain Res 2021 3;14:585-599. Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Purpose: Women bear a disproportionate burden of persistent pain conditions when compared to men. To determine whether the hormonal environment affects the clinical experience of pain, as measured by the days per month of pelvic pain (DPelvicPM), period pain (DPeriodPM), headache (DHeadachePM) or the in vitro EC for Interleukin-1β (IL-1β) release following TLR4 stimulation with Lipopolysaccharide from Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells (PBMCs). Findings were stratified according to use or non-use of the oral contraceptive pill. Read More

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Systemic paralogy and function of retinal determination network homologs in arachnids.

BMC Genomics 2020 Nov 23;21(1):811. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI, 53706, USA.

Background: Arachnids are important components of cave ecosystems and display many examples of troglomorphisms, such as blindness, depigmentation, and elongate appendages. Little is known about how the eyes of arachnids are specified genetically, let alone the mechanisms for eye reduction and loss in troglomorphic arachnids. Additionally, duplication of Retinal Determination Gene Network (RDGN) homologs in spiders has convoluted functional inferences extrapolated from single-copy homologs in pancrustacean models. Read More

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November 2020

A review of the impacts of four identified major human disturbances on the habitat and habitat use of wild giant pandas from 2015 to 2020.

Authors:
Dongwei Kang

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 15;763:142975. Epub 2020 Oct 15.

School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, No.35 Tsinghua East Road Haidian District, Beijing 100083, China. Electronic address:

Human disturbance poses a serious threat to the survival of the giant panda (Ailuropoda melanoleuca), but few systematic and specialized reviews on the impacts of human disturbance on pandas and their habitats have been published. After the fourth giant panda survey (2011-2014), some new studies and important findings have emerged. To update the understanding of the impacts of human disturbance, research on the impacts of major human disturbances on the habitat and habitat use of wild giant pandas from 2015 to 2020 was reviewed based on 33 publications (including three books and 30 articles). Read More

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Genomic resources and toolkits for developmental study of whip spiders (Amblypygi) provide insights into arachnid genome evolution and antenniform leg patterning.

Evodevo 2020 28;11:18. Epub 2020 Aug 28.

Department of Integrative Biology, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, WI 53706 USA.

Background: The resurgence of interest in the comparative developmental study of chelicerates has led to important insights, such as the discovery of a genome duplication shared by spiders and scorpions, inferred to have occurred in the most recent common ancestor of Arachnopulmonata (a clade comprising the five arachnid orders that bear book lungs). Nonetheless, several arachnid groups remain understudied in the context of development and genomics, such as the order Amblypygi (whip spiders). The phylogenetic position of Amblypygi in Arachnopulmonata posits them as an interesting group to test the incidence of the proposed genome duplication in the common ancestor of Arachnopulmonata, as well as the degree of retention of duplicates over 450 Myr. Read More

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[Great Folk Medicine Book from Poljica (Bratulic's Folk Medicine Book)].

Acta Med Hist Adriat 2020 06;18(1):89-104

Ante Topića Mimare 23, 10090 Zagreb, Hrvatska. E-mail:

The paper presents a folk recipe collection manuscript written by an unknown author in Poljica area, in the 18th century. It is owned by the philologist, historian of literature and bibliophile, Josip Bratulic. Therefore, the author suggests that this recipe collection should bear the name Great folk medicine book from Poljica (Bratulic's folk medicine book). Read More

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Obituary: Dr Séamus Mac Suibhne (Sweeney) (1978-2019).

Ir J Med Sci 2020 May;189(2):757-759

Department of Psychiatry, Tallaght University Hospital, Tallaght, Dublin, 24, D24 NR0A, Ireland.

Dr Séamus Mac Suibhne (Sweeney) (1978-2019) was a widely admired psychiatrist, writer and scholar whose contributions ranged from psychiatric care to Greek philosophy, and from medical education to the application of new technologies in educational and clinical settings. Séamus wrote extensively on these and many other themes in the professional and popular literature. In his clinical work, Séamus was a compassionate doctor, effective team-worker and skilled manager. Read More

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United States Pharmacopeia Safety Review of Willow Bark.

Planta Med 2019 Nov 11;85(16):1192-1202. Epub 2019 Oct 11.

2015 - 2020 United States Pharmacopeia Dietary Supplements Admission Evaluations Joint Standard Setting Subcommittee (DSAE JS3), Rockville, MD, USA.

Willow bark ( spp.) is an ingredient in some dietary supplements. No serious adverse effects were reported from trials of willow bark extracts delivering 120 - 240 mg salicin (the purported active constituent) daily for up to 8 weeks. Read More

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November 2019

Medicinal plants as therapeutic options for topical treatment in canine dermatology? A systematic review.

BMC Vet Res 2019 May 27;15(1):174. Epub 2019 May 27.

Department of Livestock Sciences, Research Institute of Organic Agriculture (FiBL), Ackerstrasse 113, Postbox 219, 5070, Frick, Switzerland.

Background: Medicinal plants have been used traditionally since centuries for wound care and treatment of skin diseases both in human and animals. Skin diseases are one of the most common reasons for owners to take their dog to the veterinarian. The demands for treatment and prophylaxis of these diseases are broad. Read More

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[Relationships between Medicine and Spirituality].

G Ital Nefrol 2019 Feb;36(1)

Già dirigente psicologo/psicoterapeuta DSM ASL Roma B.

This review aims at analysing the links between medicine and spirituality, two seemingly distant concepts. Medicine at its beginnings was imbued with rituals that invoked the intervention of supernatural powers, as man were unable to treat diseases and struggled to bear the suffering caused by them and the fragility of their own bodies. Today, in the post-genomic era, medicine has gained great benefits from new and extraordinary scientific and technological achievements, permitting sophisticated therapeutic and diagnostic approaches, which assure cures not previously possible. Read More

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February 2019

Solidarity and the problem of structural injustice in healthcare.

Authors:
Carol C Gould

Bioethics 2018 11 25;32(9):541-552. Epub 2018 Jul 25.

Department of Philosophy, Hunter College (CUNY) , New York, New York, United States.

The concept of solidarity has recently come to prominence in the healthcare literature, addressing the motivation for taking seriously the shared vulnerabilities and medical needs of compatriots and for acting to help them meet these needs. In a recent book, Prainsack and Buyx take solidarity as a commitment to bear costs to assist others regarded as similar, with implications for governing health databases, personalized medicine, and organ donation. More broadly, solidarity has been understood normatively to call for 'standing with' or assisting fellow community members and possibly also distant others in regard to their needs, whether for its own sake or in order to realize the demands of justice. Read More

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November 2018

Genomic Privacy.

Clin Chem 2018 12 10;64(12):1696-1703. Epub 2018 Jul 10.

Department of Pathology, at University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center and Children's Health, Dallas, TX;

Background: Genetic information is unique among all laboratory data because it not only informs the current health of the specific person tested but may also be predictive of the future health of the individual and, to varying degrees, all biological relatives.

Content: As DNA sequencing has become ubiquitous with decreasing cost, large repositories of genomic data have emerged from the domains of research, healthcare, law enforcement, international security, and recreational consumer interest (i.e. Read More

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December 2018

First in vitro fertilization baby-this is how it happened.

Authors:
Simon Fishel

Fertil Steril 2018 07 13;110(1):5-11. Epub 2018 Jun 13.

CARE Fertility Group, London, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

On July 25, 1978, the first human was born following extracorporeal fertilization, an event that opened up a new medical science: expanding our knowledge of and developing novel treatments for infertility, radically changing the opportunities for families with inherited monogenic disorders, generating the new discipline of clinical embryology, and paving the way for studies into stem cell biology. In vitro fertilization (IVF), as it became known in its simplest form, went even further: it engaged the myriad of minds in human society. Not only were books written on the moral status of the human embryo, the ethics of IVF practice, and exercising governments on appropriate-which turned out to be disparate-regulation, it redefined family life! The prediction I made in 1985 that one day we may see five "parents" for one child became a reality quicker than we could have imagined at the time. Read More

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Is the "ghost surgery" the subject of legal punishment in Korea?

Ann Surg Treat Res 2018 Apr 26;94(4):167-173. Epub 2018 Mar 26.

Department of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, Ewha Womans University Mokdong Hospital, Seoul, Korea.

Purpose: Recently a controversy has arisen about so-called "ghost surgery" practices, and people have voiced their opinions for legal sanction against such practices, which clearly undermine the foundation of medical ethics. However, there has been a lack of legal basis for punishing those actions. The present study aims to examine which pre-existing legal provisions could be applied to regulate ghost surgery. Read More

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Ammonia excretion and acid-base regulation in the American horseshoe crab, .

J Exp Biol 2018 03 21;221(Pt 6). Epub 2018 Mar 21.

Department of Biological Sciences, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, R3T2N2, Canada

Many studies have investigated ammonia excretion and acid-base regulation in aquatic arthropods, yet current knowledge of marine chelicerates is non-existent. In American horseshoe crabs (), book gills bear physiologically distinct regions: dorsal and ventral half-lamellae, a central mitochondria-rich area (CMRA) and peripheral mitochondria-poor areas (PMPAs). In the present study, the CMRA and ventral half-lamella exhibited characteristics important for ammonia excretion and/or acid-base regulation, as supported by high expression levels of Rhesus-protein 1 (LpRh-1), cytoplasmic carbonic anhydrase (CA-2) and hyperpolarization-activated cyclic nucleotide-gated K channel (HCN) compared with the PMPA and dorsal half-lamella. Read More

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Multi-level computational methods for interdisciplinary research in the HathiTrust Digital Library.

PLoS One 2017 18;12(9):e0184188. Epub 2017 Sep 18.

Centre for Argument Technology, University of Dundee, Dundee, United Kingdom.

We show how faceted search using a combination of traditional classification systems and mixed-membership topic models can go beyond keyword search to inform resource discovery, hypothesis formulation, and argument extraction for interdisciplinary research. Our test domain is the history and philosophy of scientific work on animal mind and cognition. The methods can be generalized to other research areas and ultimately support a system for semi-automatic identification of argument structures. Read More

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October 2017

Developing a medical picture book for reducing venipuncture distress in preschool-aged children.

Int J Nurs Pract 2017 Oct 20;23(5). Epub 2017 Jul 20.

Department of Nursing, Tajen University, Pingtung, Taiwan.

Aim: Distress associated with needle-related procedures is a major concern in preschool-aged children nursing. This study developed a medical picture book for supporting preschool-aged children facing a venipuncture and determined the effectiveness of such a book intervention in decreasing behavioural distress.

Methods: The picture book was designed in 3 stages: developing stories on medical situations, penning the text, and drafting the book. Read More

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October 2017

Sedentary Behavior and Health: Broadening the Knowledge Base and Strengthening the Science.

Res Q Exerc Sport 2017 Jun 7;88(2):123-129. Epub 2017 Apr 7.

a Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute.

We provide an overview of a recently published, edited book in a rapidly emerging field of research, policy, and practice for physical activity: Sedentary Behavior and Health. In this commentary, we highlight the broad perspectives provided in the 27 chapters of Sedentary Behavior and Health and suggest a research strategy to move the field forward-not only with scientific rigor, but also with breadth of scholarship. The book's chapters provide an overview of the background to and contexts for sedentary behavior and health. Read More

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[Head injuries in Duckburg in 1959 and 2009].

Ugeskr Laeger 2016 Dec;178(50)

Comic books have been a part of popular culture through generations. Debates concerning their graphic depictions of violence have been ongoing for nearly as long. Our aim was to examine if the violence in "Donald Duck & Co. Read More

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December 2016

Structural recognition and nomenclature standardization in forensic knot analysis.

Sci Justice 2016 Jul 27;56(4):282-301. Epub 2016 Apr 27.

60 Dauphin Avenue, Kingston, Ontario, Canada K7K 6B1. Electronic address:

The analysis of knots during civil and criminal investigations is characterized by two fundamental challenges: the precise recognition of all structural nuances and the application of accurate, universally recognized terms. These challenges are exacerbated by inconsistencies, contradictions and regional terminology, which occur in common practice and in mainstream books as well as within forensic science. Some knots bear multiple or value-laden names, even misnomers, and some terms have manifold applications. Read More

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Object knowledge changes visual appearance: semantic effects on color afterimages.

Authors:
Gary Lupyan

Acta Psychol (Amst) 2015 Oct 18;161:117-30. Epub 2015 Sep 18.

University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison, United States. Electronic address:

According to predictive coding models of perception, what we see is determined jointly by the current input and the priors established by previous experience, expectations, and other contextual factors. The same input can thus be perceived differently depending on the priors that are brought to bear during viewing. Here, I show that expected (diagnostic) colors are perceived more vividly than arbitrary or unexpected colors, particularly when color input is unreliable. Read More

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October 2015

[Obstetric medical book and women's childbirth in Qing dynasty: the case of the treatise on easy childbirth].

Authors:
Yon Sil Yu

Uisahak 2015 Apr;24(1):111-62

Department of History, College of Humanities, Chonnam National University Address: 77 Yongbong-ro, Buk-gu, Gwangju, 500-757, KOREA.

Ye Feng composed what was to become one of the most famous and widely-circulating medical works of the late imperial period, the Treatise on Easy Childbirth. Ye Feng proposed the idea of natural childbirth, When the correct moment for birth had arrived, the child would leave its mother's body as easily as "a ripe melon drops from the stem". He argued attempts to facilitate birth were therefore not only unnecessary, and female midwives artificial intervention was not required. Read More

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[Amphibians in Spanish popular medicine and the pharmacopoeia of Pliny and Dioscorides].

Hist Cienc Saude Manguinhos 2015 Dec 27;22(4):1283-319. Epub 2015 Mar 27.

Facultad de Biología, Universidad de Salamanca, Salamanca, España,

This article presents a list of medical remedies based on the use of amphibians in Spanish popular medicine and in the classical world. It provides an overview of bibliography relative to folklore studies, ethnographic work and research on social or medical anthropology. It documents a total of 113 remedies and the use of nine species of amphibians, two from the family of caudates (urodeles) and seven anurans. Read More

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December 2015