26,830 results match your criteria bdnf

Differentiation of human dental pulp stem cells into functional motor neuron: In vitro and ex vivo study.

Tissue Cell 2021 Apr 18;72:101542. Epub 2021 Apr 18.

ENT and Head & Neck Research Center and Department, Hazrat Rasoul Akram Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

There are several therapeutic options for spinal cord injury (SCI), among these strategies stem cell therapy is a potential treatment. The stem cells based therapies have been investigating in acute phase of clinical trials for promoting spinal repair in humans through replacement of functional neuronal and glial cells. The aim of this study was to evaluate the differentiation of Human Dental Pulp Stem Cells (hDPSCs) into functional motor neuron like cells (MNLCs) and promote neuroregeneration by stimulating local neurogenesis in the adult spinal cord slice culture. Read More

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Transplantation of Rat Dental Pulp Stem Cells Facilities Post-Lesion Recovery in the Somatosensory Whisker Cortex of Male Wistar Rats.

Brain Res Bull 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmachology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran; Cognitive Neuroscience Research Center, Institute of Neuropharmachology, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran. Electronic address:

Damage to somatosensory "barrel" cortex reduces the rats' behavioral sensitivity in discrimination of tactile stimuli. Here, we examined how transplantation of stem cells into the lesioned barrel cortex can help in recovery of sensory capacities. We induced mechanical lesions in the right barrel cortex area of male rats. Read More

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BDNF Participates in Chronic Constriction Injury-Induced Neuropathic Pain via Transcriptionally Activating P2X in Primary Sensory Neurons.

Mol Neurobiol 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Anesthesiology, Sun Yat-Sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, 510120, China.

Neuropathic pain, resulting from the pathological changes of the somatosensory nervous system, remains a severe public health problem worldwide. The effect of treatment targeting neuropathic pain is very limited, as the underlying mechanism of neuropathic pain is largely unknown. In this study, we demonstrated that the expression level of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) was remarkably and time-dependently increased in dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons. Read More

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Hijacking Dorsal Raphe to Improve Metabolism and Depression-like Behaviors via BDNF Gene Transfer in Mice.

Diabetes 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

State Key Laboratory of Medical Molecular Biology, Institute of Basic Medical Sciences Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, School of Basic Medicine Peking Union Medical College, Beijing, 100005, China

Moods and metabolism modulate each other. High comorbidity of depression and metabolic disorders such as diabetes and obesity poses a great challenge to treat such condition. Here we report the therapeutic efficacy of brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) by gene transfer in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN) in a chronic unpredictable mild stress model of depression (CUMS) and models of diabetes and obesity. Read More

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Prenatal stress and KCl-induced depolarization modulate cell death, hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis genes, oxidative and inflammatory response in primary cortical neurons.

Neurochem Int 2021 May 4:105053. Epub 2021 May 4.

Laboratory of Pediatric Physical Activity, Infant Center, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil; Laboratory of Cellular Biophysics and Inflammation, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), Porto Alegre, Brazil. Electronic address:

Maternal stress has been described as an important component in the offspring's cerebral development, altering the susceptibility to diseases in later life. Moreover, the postnatal period is essential for the development and integration of several peripheral and central systems related to the control of homeostasis. Thus, this study aimed to evaluate the effects of prenatal stress on the activation of cortical neurons, by performing experiments both under basal conditions and after KCl-induced depolarization. Read More

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Stimulation of astrocytic sigma-1 receptor is sufficient to ameliorate inflammation- induced depression.

Behav Brain Res 2021 May 4:113344. Epub 2021 May 4.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of New Drug Research and Clinical Pharmacy, Xuzhou Medical University, Jiangsu, China. Electronic address:

Astrocytes play important roles in the development of depression. As a promising target for antidepressant development, sigma-1 receptor (Sig-1R) is reported to promote activation of astrocyte in chronic stress-induced depression in our previous study. However, astrocytes are hyper-activated in inflammation-induced depression, raising concerns of whether stimulation of astrocytic Sig-1R would exert antidepressant-like effect in inflammation-induced depression. Read More

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Time-dependent changes in striatal monoamine levels and gene expression following single and repeated amphetamine administration in rats.

Eur J Pharmacol 2021 May 4:174148. Epub 2021 May 4.

Instituto de Investigaciones Psicológicas; Centro de Investigación en Neurociencias, Universidad de Costa Rica. Electronic address:

As drug addiction may result from pathological usurpations of learning and memory's neural mechanisms, we focused on the amphetamine-induced time-dependent neurochemical changes associated with neural plasticity. We used juvenile rats as the risk for drug abuse is higher during adolescence. Experiment 1 served to define the appropriate amphetamine dose and the neurochemical effects of a single administration. Read More

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Light Promotes Neural Correlates of Fear Memory via Enhancing Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor (BDNF) Expression in the Prelimbic Cortex.

ACS Chem Neurosci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Behavioral Neuroscience Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital of Guizhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Guiyang 550001, China.

Exposure to light has been shown to enhance vigilance and improve working memory, possibly due to changes in prefrontal function. Ample evidence supports the critical role of prefrontal cortex (PFC) in fear memory performance. However, the effects of light on memory processing and its potential mechanisms remain unclear. Read More

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Antenatal low-intensity pulsed ultrasound reduces neurobehavioral deficits and brain injury following dexamethasone-induced intrauterine growth restriction.

Brain Pathol 2021 May 7:e12968. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Cheng Hsin General Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan.

Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is a leading cause of perinatal mortality and morbidity, and IUGR survivors are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental deficits. No effective interventions are currently available to improve the structure and function of the IUGR brain before birth. This study investigated the protective effects of low-intensity pulsed ultrasound (LIPUS) on postnatal neurodevelopmental outcomes and brain injury using a rat model of IUGR induced by maternal exposure to dexamethasone (DEX). Read More

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Effects of treatment refractoriness and brain-derived neurotrophic factor Val66Met polymorphism on antidepressant response to low-dose ketamine infusion.

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci 2021 May 7. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Psychiatry, Taipei Veterans General Hospital, No. 201, Sec. 2, Shih-Pai Road, Beitou district, Taipei, 112, Taiwan.

Evidence suggests that levels of treatment refractoriness and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) rs6265 polymorphism are related to the antidepressant effects of conventional antidepressants and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation. However, whether these factors are associated with the antidepressant effects of low-dose ketamine remains unclear. In total, 71 patients with treatment-resistant depression (TRD) were randomized to 0. Read More

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Metabolic homeostasis via BDNF and its receptors.

Trends Endocrinol Metab 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Biology, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA 22903, USA.

Metabolic disorders result from dysregulation of central nervous system and peripheral metabolic energy homeostatic pathways. To maintain normal energy balance, neural circuits must integrate feedforward and feedback signals from the internal metabolic environment to orchestrate proper food intake and energy expenditure. These signals include conserved meal and adipocyte cues such as glucose and leptin, respectively, in addition to more novel players including brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF). Read More

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The Influence of Val66Met Polymorphism in Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor on Stroke Recovery Outcome: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Neurorehabil Neural Repair 2021 May 6:15459683211014119. Epub 2021 May 6.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China.

. A single nucleotide polymorphism at nucleotide 196 (G/A) in the human brain-derived neurotrophic factor () gene produces an amino acid substitution (valine to methionine) at codon 66(Val66Met). It is unclear whether carriers of this substitution may have worse functional outcomes after stroke. Read More

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Toll-like Receptor 4 Signaling is Critical for the Adaptive Cellular Stress Response Effects Induced by Intermittent Fasting in the Mouse Brain.

Neuroscience 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pharmacology, Institute of Biomedical Science, University of São Paulo, São Paulo 05508-900, Brazil. Electronic address:

Among different kinds of dietary energy restriction, intermittent fasting (IF) has been considered a dietary regimen which causes a mild stress to the organism. IF can stimulate proteins and signaling pathways related to cell stress that can culminate in the increase of the body resistance to severe stress conditions. Energy intake reduction induced by IF can induce modulation of receptors, kinases, and phosphatases, which in turn can modulate the activation of transcription factors such as NF-E2-related factor 2 (NRF2) and cAMP response element-binding (CREB) which regulate the transcription of genes related to the translation of proteins such as growth factors: brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), chaperone proteins: heat shock proteins (HSP), and so on. Read More

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Vitamin B12 and estradiol benzoate improve memory retrieval through activation of the hippocampal AKT, BDNF, and CREB proteins in a rat model of multiple sclerosis.

Iran J Basic Med Sci 2021 Feb;24(2):256-263

Department of Pharmacodynamics and Toxicology, School of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Objectives: Multiple sclerosis (MS) causes extensive damage in the hippocampus. Vitamin B12 (vit B12) and estradiol benzoate (EB) have anti-inflammatory and re-myelination properties that make them proper in improvement of cognitive impairment. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of these compounds on learning and memory disturbances. Read More

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February 2021

Endonasal CNS Delivery System for Blood-Brain Barrier Impermeant Therapeutic Oligonucleotides Using Heterotopic Mucosal Engrafting.

Front Pharmacol 2021 19;12:660841. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

Department of Otolaryngology, Harvard Medical School, Massachusetts Eye and Ear, Boston, MA, United States.

The most significant obstacle in the treatment of neurological disorders is the blood-brain barrier (BBB), which prevents 98% of all potential neuropharmaceuticals from reaching the central nervous system (CNS). Brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is one of the most intensely studied targets in Parkinson's disease (PD) as it can reverse disease progression. BDNF AntagoNAT's (ATs) are synthetic oligonucleotide-like compounds capable of upregulating endogenous BDNF expression. Read More

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Hydroxychloroquine Increased Anxiety-Like Behaviors and Disrupted the Expression of Some Related Genes in the Mouse Brain.

Front Pharmacol 2021 19;12:633112. Epub 2021 Apr 19.

CAS Key Laboratory of Mental Health, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.

Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ), which has been proposed as a therapeutic or prophylactic drug for COVID-19, has been administered to thousands of individuals with varying efficacy; however, our understanding of its adverse effects is insufficient. It was reported that HCQ induced psychiatric symptoms in a few patients with autoimmune diseases, but it is still uncertain whether HCQ poses a risk to mental health. Therefore, in this study, we treated healthy mice with two different doses of HCQ that are comparable to clinically administered doses for 7 days. Read More

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A honokiol-enriched Magnolia officinalis Rehder & E.H. Wilson. bark extract possesses anxiolytic-like activity with neuroprotective effect through the modulation of CB1 receptor.

J Pharm Pharmacol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neuroscience, Psychology, Drug Research and Child Health (NEUROFARBA), Section of Pharmacology, University of Florence, Florence, Italy.

Objectives: The exposure of neurons to an excessive excitatory stimulation induces the alteration of the normal neuronal function. Mood disorders are among the first signs of alterations in the central nervous system function. Magnolia officinalis bark extract has been extensively used in the traditional medicine systems of several countries, showing several pharmacological activities. Read More

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Acute Intrathecal BDNF Enhances Functional Recovery after Cervical Spinal Cord Injury in Rats.

J Neurophysiol 2021 May 5. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Physiology & Biomedical Engineering, Mayo Clinic, United Statesgrid.66875.3a.

Unilateral C hemisection (CSH) disrupts descending inspiratory-related drive to phrenic motor neurons and thus, silences rhythmic diaphragm muscle (DIAm) activity. There is gradual recovery of rhythmic DIAm EMG activity over time post-CSH, consistent with neuroplasticity, which is enhanced by chronic (two weeks) intrathecal BDNF treatment. In the present study, we hypothesized that acute (30-min) intrathecal BDNF treatment also enhances recovery of DIAm EMG activity after CSH. Read More

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Long noncoding RNA LOC100911498 is a novel regulator of neuropathic pain in rats.

Brain Behav 2021 May 5:e01966. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Anaesthesiology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, China.

Introduction: Neuropathic pain (NP) is the most debilitating of all clinical pain syndromes and may be a consequence of dysfunction in the somatosensory nervous system. Unfortunately, the pathogenesis of NP is not fully understood yet and it cannot be cured totally. Long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) is a type of RNA molecule greater than 200 nucleotides, and dysregulated expression of lncRNAs play a critical role in the facilitation of NP. Read More

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Therapeutic Effects of hiPSC-Derived Glial and Neuronal Progenitor Cells-Conditioned Medium in Experimental Ischemic Stroke in Rats.

Int J Mol Sci 2021 Apr 29;22(9). Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Research Centre for Medical Genetics, 115522 Moscow, Russia.

Transplantation of various types of stem cells as a possible therapy for stroke has been tested for years, and the results are promising. Recent investigations have shown that the administration of the conditioned media obtained after stem cell cultivation can also be effective in the therapy of the central nervous system pathology (hypothesis of their paracrine action). The aim of this study was to evaluate the therapeutic effects of the conditioned medium of hiPSC-derived glial and neuronal progenitor cells in the rat middle cerebral artery occlusion model of the ischemic stroke. Read More

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Retraction Note: Musical practice and BDNF plasma levels as a potential marker of synaptic plasticity: an instrument of rehabilitative processes.

Neurol Sci 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Neurosciences and Mental Health, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Milan, Italy.

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Acute exercise increases BDNF serum levels in patients with Parkinson's disease regardless of depression or fatigue.

Eur J Sport Sci 2021 May 4:1-21. Epub 2021 May 4.

PhD, Laboratory of Neurobiology, Department of Morphology, Institute of Biological Sciences, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. - 0000-0003-1383-8550.

Studies have consistently reported a decreased level of brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) in individuals with Parkinson's disease (PD). The benefits of exercise on BDNF levels are well-documented in humans, however, the effects of acute exercise are inconclusive in neurological disorders. In addition, there are no studies investigating a precursor molecule - proBDNF - and its comparison to patients with vs. Read More

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Long non-coding RNA XIST promotes retinoblastoma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by modulating microRNA-191-5p/brain derived neurotrophic factor.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1587-1598

Department of ophtalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) is oncogenic in multiple cancers. Herein, the present study is aimed at delving into how XIST functions in retinoblastoma (RB) and investigating its underlying mechanism. In this study, XIST, miR-191-5p, BDNF mRNA, and BDNF expression levels in RB tissues or cell lines were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or Western blot. Read More

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December 2021

Early life trauma, DNA methylation and mental illness.

Gavin P Reynolds

Epigenomics 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Biomolecular Sciences Research Centre, Sheffield Hallam University, Howard Street, Sheffield S1 1WB, UK.

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CPEB3-dowregulated Nr3c1 mRNA translation confers resilience to developing posttraumatic stress disorder-like behavior in fear-conditioned mice.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Institute of Biomedical Sciences, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.

Susceptibility or resilience to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) depends on one's ability to appropriately adjust synaptic plasticity for coping with the traumatic experience. Activity-regulated mRNA translation synthesizes plasticity-related proteins to support long-term synaptic changes and memory. Hence, cytoplasmic polyadenylation element-binding protein 3-knockout (CPEB3-KO) mice, showing dysregulated translation-associated synaptic rigidity, may be susceptible to PTSD-like behavior. Read More

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Adverse Maternal Environment Alters MicroRNA-10b-5p Expression and Its Epigenetic Profile Concurrently with Impaired Hippocampal Neurogenesis in Male Mouse Hippocampus.

Dev Neurosci 2021 May 3:1-11. Epub 2021 May 3.

Division of Neonatology, Department of Pediatrics, Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, USA.

An adverse maternal environment (AME) predisposes adult offspring toward cognitive impairment in humans and mice. However, the underlying mechanisms remain poorly understood. Epigenetic changes in response to environmental exposure may be critical drivers of this change. Read More

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Treadmill Exercise during Pregnancy Decreased Vulnerability to Neonatal Hypoxia-Ischemia through Reducing Inflammation and Increasing Antiapoptotic Gene Expressions and Antioxidant Capacity in Rats.

Stroke Res Treat 2021 14;2021:5512745. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran.

Background: The purpose of present study was to assess the impact of maternal treadmill exercise during pregnancy on inflammation, oxidative stress, expression of Bax and Bcl-2 genes, and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) level in neonatal rat brain after the hypoxia-ischemia injury. . A total of 24 female Wistar rats were utilized in this research. Read More

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