157 results match your criteria basis upgma

Identification patterns of Trichoderma strains using morphological characteristics, phylogenetic analyses and lignocellulolytic activities.

Mol Biol Rep 2021 Apr 20;48(4):3285-3301. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Biotechnology Research Institute, Universiti Malaysia Sabah, Jln UMS, 88400, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia.

Trichoderma is a genus of soil-borne fungus with an abundance of reports of its economic importance in the agriculture industry. Thus, the correct identification of Trichoderma species is necessary for its commercial purposes. Globally, Trichoderma species are routinely identified from micro-morphological descriptions which can be tedious and prone to errors. Read More

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Genomic and Phenotypic Diversity of Cultivated and Wild Tomatoes with Varying Levels of Heat Tolerance.

Genes (Basel) 2021 03 29;12(4). Epub 2021 Mar 29.

West Africa Centre for Crop Improvement, College of Basic and Applied Science, University of Ghana, PMB LG30 Legon, Ghana.

Assessment of genetic variability in heat-tolerant tomato germplasm is a pre-requisite to improve yield and fruit quality under heat stress. We assessed the population structure and diversity in a panel of three (wild tomatoes) and 42 (cultivated tomatoes) lines and accessions with varying heat tolerance levels. The DArTseq marker was used for the sequencing and 5270 informative single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers were retained for the genomic analysis. Read More

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Analysis of genetic relationships of genotypes of the genus Rosa L. from the collection of Nikita Botanical Gardens using ISSR and IRAP DNA markers.

Vavilovskii Zhurnal Genet Selektsii 2020 Aug;24(5):474-480

Order of the Red Banner of Labour Nikita Botanical Gardens - National Scientific Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Yalta, Republic of the Crimea, Russia.

In connection with the development of breeding and the creation of new plant varieties, the problem of their genotyping and identification is becoming increasingly important, therefore the use of molecular methods to identify genetic originality and assess plant genetic diversity appears to be relevant. As part of the work performed, informative ISSR and IRAP DNA markers promising for the study of genetic diversity of the Rosa L. genus were sought and applied to analysis of genetic relationships among 26 accessions of the genus Rosa L. Read More

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The development of SSR markers based on RNA-sequencing and its validation between and within Carex L. species.

BMC Plant Biol 2021 Jan 6;21(1):17. Epub 2021 Jan 6.

Beijing Research and Development Center for Grass and Environment, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, 100097, China.

Background: Carex L. is one of the largest genera in the Cyperaceae family and an important vascular plant in the ecosystem. However, the genetic background of Carex is complex and the classification is not clear. Read More

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January 2021

Genetic Variation Analysis for Breeding Purposes in Wild and Cultivated Sunflower Germplasm (Helianthus annuus Sp.).

Pak J Biol Sci 2020 Jan;23(12):1539-1550

Background And Objective: Molecular genetic methods show conclusive turn in phylogeny investigations and therefore, understanding the allocation and extension of genetic diversity inside and among species. The current study aims to evaluate genetic diversity using molecular markers (5 SSR and 5 ISSR) on 13 sunflowers (Helianthus annuus) genotypes from different regions.

Materials And Methods: The data acquired with the highest degree of polymorphism were confirmed. Read More

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January 2020

Morphology and molecular identification of the zoological origin of medicinal seahorses in Chinese herbal markets.

Mitochondrial DNA A DNA Mapp Seq Anal 2020 12 8;31(8):335-345. Epub 2020 Sep 8.

Pharmacy College, The Ministry of Education Key Laboratory of Standardization of Chinese Herbal Medicine, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, China.

Seahorses are a charismatic group of fish that have high economic value for their unique appearance and important medicinal values. They were heavily traded as traditional Chinese medicines. Authenticating the zoological origin of medicinal seahorses is very difficult because of their similar morphology. Read More

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December 2020

[Establishment of DNA fingerprints for Chrysosplenium using SRAP Markers].

Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi 2020 Aug;45(15):3659-3665

Hubei Provincial Key Laboratory for Protection and Application of Special Plant Germplasm in Wuling Area of China,College of Life Sciences, South-Central University for Nationalities Wuhan 430074, China.

As a traditional Chinese medicinal material, Chrysosplenium is urgently needed for genetic resource investigation and protection research due to the decrease of its wild resources in recent years. After investigating the wild resources, we conducted genetic polymorphism and clustering studies of 24 species(a total of 36 samples) of Chrysosplenium using SRAP technique. The results showed that a total of 374 polymorphic bands were obtained using 18 pairs of SRAP primers to amplify these samples, on average of 20. Read More

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Chemical characterization, antioxidant capacity, and anti-hyperglycemic effect of Stenocereus stellatus fruits from the arid Mixteca Baja region of Mexico.

Food Chem 2020 Oct 15;328:127076. Epub 2020 May 15.

College of Sciences and Humanities, Campus Casa Libertad, Universidad Autónoma de la Ciudad de México (UACM), CDMX, Mexico. Electronic address:

The tunillo (Stenocereus stellatus [Pfeiffer] Riccobono) is a relatively little known cactus fruit with a significant pharmacological potential. However, all currently known variants are identified visually mostly on the basis of pulp color. Differences in chemical composition and pharmacological properties also remain largely unknown. Read More

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October 2020

Assessing genetic diversity and population structure of sugarcane cultivars, progenitor species and genera using microsatellite (SSR) markers.

Gene 2020 Aug 23;753:144800. Epub 2020 May 23.

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-arid Tropics (ICRISAT), Patancheru-503 324, Hyderabad, Telangana State, India.

Sugarcane is one among the most important commercial crops used to produce sugar, ethanol, and other byproducts, which significantly contributes in the GDP of India and many other countries around the world. Genetic diversity is a platform for any breeding program of a plant species. Estimation of the genetic variability and population structure play a vital role for conservation planning and management of plant genetic resources. Read More

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Biochemical, functional and molecular characterization of pigeon pea rhizobia isolated from semi-arid regions of India.

Arch Microbiol 2020 Sep 20;202(7):1809-1816. Epub 2020 May 20.

All India Network Project on Soil Biodiversity-Biofertilizers, ICAR-Indian Institute of Soil Science, Bhopal, India.

Pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan (L.) Millspaugh) is among the top ten legumes grown globally not only having high tolerance to environmental stresses along, but also has the high biomass and productivity with optimal nutritional profiles. In the present study, 55 isolates of rhizobia were identified from 22 nodule samples of pigeon pea collected from semi-arid regions of India on the basis of morphological, biochemical, plant growth promoting activities and their ability to tolerate the stress conditions viz. Read More

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September 2020

Molecular analyses of genetic variability in the populations of in Indian Himalayan Region (IHR).

Physiol Mol Biol Plants 2020 May 18;26(5):975-984. Epub 2020 Apr 18.

Molecular Systematics Laboratory, CSIR-National Botanical Research Institute, Rana Pratap Marg, Lucknow, Uttar Pradesh 226 001 India.

is an important medicinal plant species of Indian Himalayan Region (IHR). Genetic variability and population genetic structure of sampled from IHR was studied using two single primer amplification reaction (SPAR) methods (DAMD: Directed Amplification of Minisatellite region DNA; ISSR: Inter Simple Sequence Repeats). To provide a reasonable scientific basis for management and conservation of populations in IHR, genetic diversity analysis of 11 populations with 24 SPAR markers (15 ISSR and 9 DAMD) revealed significantly high level of (90. Read More

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Automated Identification of Chemical Series: Classifying like a Medicinal Chemist.

J Chem Inf Model 2020 06 4;60(6):2888-2902. Epub 2020 Jun 4.

Novartis Institutes for BioMedical Research, Novartis Pharma AG, Novartis Campus, 4002 Basel, Switzerland.

We investigate different automated approaches for the classification of chemical series in early drug discovery, with the aim of closely mimicking human chemical series conception. Chemical series, which are commonly defined by hand-drawn scaffolds, organize datasets in drug discovery projects. Often, they form the basis for further project decisions. Read More

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Genetic diversity and differentiation of populations of Chlorops oryzae (Diptera, Chloropidae).

BMC Ecol 2020 04 15;20(1):22. Epub 2020 Apr 15.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory for Biology and Control of Plant Diseases and Insect Pests, College of Plant Protection, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, 410128, China.

Background: Chlorops oryzae is an important pest of rice crops. There have been frequent outbreaks of this pest in recent years and it has become the main rice pest in some regions. To elucidate the molecular mechanism of frequent C. Read More

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gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from seawater.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019 Oct;69(10):3109-3115

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon 16419, Republic of Korea.

A Gram-stain-negative, aerobic, non-motile and coccoid, ovoid or rod-shaped bacterial strain, designated MYP11, was isolated from seawater around Jeju island, Republic of Korea and identified by polyphasic taxonomic study. A neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree of 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain MYP11 joined the cluster comprising the type strains of , and , showing 16S rRNA gene sequence similarities of 96.3-96. Read More

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October 2019

gen. nov., sp. nov., isolated from a tidal flat.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2019 Oct 9;69(10):3049-3055. Epub 2019 Jul 9.

Department of Food Science and Biotechnology, Sungkyunkwan University, Jangan-gu, Suwon, Republic of Korea.

A Gram-stain-negative, strictly aerobic, non-motile and ovoid- or rod-shaped bacterial strain, JBTF-M29, was isolated from tidal flat sediment sampled from the Yellow Sea, Republic of Korea. The neighbour-joining phylogenetic tree based on 16S rRNA gene sequences revealed that strain JBTF-M29 clustered with the type strains of species and this cluster joined the clade comprising and species. Strain JBTF-M29 exhibited 16S rRNA gene sequence similarity values of 96. Read More

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October 2019

Phylogeography and Population Structure Analysis Reveal Diversity by Gene Flow and Mutation in (Pers.) Roussel Causing Loose Smut of Wheat.

Front Microbiol 2019 15;10:1072. Epub 2019 May 15.

ICAR-Indian Institute of Wheat and Barley Research (IIWBR), Karnal, India.

(Pers.) Roussel (UST) causes loose smut of wheat account for considerable grain yield losses globally. For effective management, knowledge of its genetic variability and population structure is a prerequisite. Read More

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Phenotypic and genetic characterisation revealed the existence of several biotypes within the Neorautanenia brachypus (Harms) C.A. wild accessions in South East Lowveld, Zimbabwe.

BMC Ecol 2019 03 12;19(1):13. Epub 2019 Mar 12.

Department of Biotechnology, Chinhoyi University of Technology, P. Bag 7724, Chinhoyi, Zimbabwe.

Background: Local communities in the South Eastern Lowveld of Zimbabwe have adopted the feeding of livestock with Neorautanenia brachypus (Harms) C.A. tuber to mitigate against climate change. Read More

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Genetic diversity and population structure of Miscanthus lutarioriparius, an endemic plant of China.

PLoS One 2019 1;14(2):e0211471. Epub 2019 Feb 1.

College of Bioscience & Biotechnology, Hunan Agricultural University, Changsha, Hunan, China.

Miscanthus lutarioriparius is a native perennial Miscanthus species of China, which is currently used as raw material of papermaking and bioenergy crop. It also has been considered as a promising eco-bioindustrial plant, which can offer raw material and gene for the biomass industry. However, lack of germplasm resources and genetic diversity information of M. Read More

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November 2019

Tracing of Contamination Routes in Fermented Sausage Production Chain by Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis Typing.

Foods 2018 Dec 4;7(12). Epub 2018 Dec 4.

Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Zagreb, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia.

In this study, the presence of was assessed along the production process of fermented sausages in a small-scale facility. Following the isolation of the pathogen from the final product (ISO 11290-1), retrospective sampling was performed during the production of a new batch of sausages, including raw materials, casings, additives, sausage mixtures, sausages during fermentation, and environmental samples. was recovered from the following sampling points: the defrosting room and the cuttering, mixing, stuffing, and fermentation phases. Read More

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December 2018

Characteristics of Resistance to Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae in Avena fatua.

Plant Dis 2018 12 18;102(12):2616-2624. Epub 2018 Oct 18.

Institute of Biological, Environmental and Rural Sciences, Aberystwyth University, Aberystwyth, UK.

Crown rust, caused by Puccinia coronata f. sp. avenae, is the most widespread and harmful fungal disease of oat. Read More

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December 2018

Genetic diversity of promising 'conilon' coffee clones based on morpho-agronomic variables.

An Acad Bras Cienc 2018 Aug;90(2 suppl 1):2437-2446

Instituto Federal Goiano, Campus Rio Verde, Rodovia Sul Goiana, Km 01, s/n, Zona Rural, 75901-970 Rio Verde, GO, Brazil.

Knowledge of the genetic variability of a population is essential to guide its preservation and maintenance in addition to increasing the efficiency of genetic breeding programs. On this basis, this study was conducted to evaluate the genetic diversity of Coffea canephora genotypes using multivariate statistical procedures applied to a set of morpho-agronomic variables. The materials employed in this study constitute a crop located in Vila Valério - ES, Brazil, where the genotypes are arranged in a randomized-blocks experimental design with four replicates. Read More

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Characterization of the Genetic Diversity of Acid Lime ( (Christm.) Swingle) Cultivars of Eastern Nepal Using Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat Markers.

Plants (Basel) 2018 06 12;7(2). Epub 2018 Jun 12.

Molecular Biotechnology Unit, Faculty of Science, Nepal Academy of Science and Technology (NAST), GPO Box 3323, Khumaltar, Lalitpur, Nepal.

Acid lime ( (Christm.) Swingle) is an important fruit crop, which has high commercial value and is cultivated in 60 out of the 77 districts representing all geographical landscapes of Nepal. A lack of improved high-yielding varieties, infestation with various diseases, and pests, as well as poor management practices might have contributed to its extremely reduced productivity, which necessitates a reliable understanding of genetic diversity in existing cultivars. Read More

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Introgression of wild alleles into the tetraploid peanut crop to improve water use efficiency, earliness and yield.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(6):e0198776. Epub 2018 Jun 11.

State University of Paraíba, Pró-Reitoria de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa, Rua Baraúnas, n° 351, Universitário, CEP, Campina Grande, PB, Brazil.

The introduction of genes from wild species is a practice little adopted by breeders for the improvement of commercial crops, although it represents an excellent opportunity to enrich the genetic basis and create new cultivars. In peanut, this practice is being increasingly adopted. In this study we present results of introgression of wild alleles from the wild species Arachis duranensis and A. Read More

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January 2019

AFLP-based genetic diversity of wild orchardgrass germplasm collections from Central Asia and Western China, and the relation to environmental factors.

PLoS One 2018 11;13(4):e0195273. Epub 2018 Apr 11.

Department of Grassland Science, Animal Science and Technology College, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, China.

Dactylis glomerata L. (orchardgrass) is an important perennial forage species in temperate areas of the world. It is usually used for silage, grazing and hay because of its high nutritional value and reproducibility. Read More

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Analysis of fatty acid methyl esters and oxidative stability of seed purpose watermelon () genotypes for edible oil.

J Food Sci Technol 2018 Apr 19;55(4):1552-1561. Epub 2018 Feb 19.

1Central Arid Zone Research Institute, ICAR, Jodhpur, 342 003 India.

World's vegetable oil demand is increasing day by day and oil seed supply is limited to a dozen oil seed crops on commercial scale. Efforts were made to explore the potential of water melon a traditionally grown native crop of Indian arid zone having oil content over 30% and seed yield potential of 500-600 kg per hectare under rainfed conditions. An analysis was carried out to explore the suitability of watermelon [ (Thunb. Read More

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Assessment of genetic diversity of sesame accessions collected from different ecological regions using sequence-related amplified polymorphism markers.

3 Biotech 2017 May 12;7(1):82. Epub 2017 May 12.

Department of Plant Production, College of food and agricultural sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2460, Riyadh, 11451, Saudi Arabia.

Sequence-related amplified polymorphism (SRAP) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity among a collection of 52 sesame accessions representing different geographical environments, including eight Saudi landraces. A combination of seventeen primers generated a high number of alleles (365) with 100% polymorphism. The polymorphic information content (PIC) and primer discrimination power (DP) recorded overall means of 0. Read More

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Genetic Diversity in Various Accessions of Pineapple [Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.] Using ISSR and SSR Markers.

Biochem Genet 2017 Dec 6;55(5-6):347-366. Epub 2017 May 6.

Tropical Crops Genetic Resources Institute of Chinese Academy of Tropical Agricultural Science, Danzhou, 571737, Hainan Province, China.

Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) and simple sequence repeat (SSR) markers were used to assess the genetic diversity of 36 pineapple accessions that were introduced from 10 countries/regions. Thirteen ISSR primers amplified 96 bands, of which 91 (93.65%) were polymorphic, whereas 20 SSR primers amplified 73 bands, of which 70 (96. Read More

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December 2017

AFLP assessment of genetic variability and relationships in an Asian wild germplasm collection of Dactylis glomerata L.

C R Biol 2017 Mar 16;340(3):145-155. Epub 2017 Feb 16.

Department of Grassland Science, Animal Science and Technology College, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu, Sichuan 611130, China. Electronic address:

Orchardgrass (Dactylis glomerata L.), an excellent perennial and cool season forage species distributed in most temperate regions, has been cultivated widely in Western China. Amplified fragment length polymorphism markers were employed to determine the genetic variability and population structure among 41 indigenous orchardgrass accessions from Central Asia and Western China. Read More

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[SSR polymorphism of modern cultivars and autochthonous forms of the pear tree from North Caucasus].

Genetika 2016 Nov;52(11):1270-8

Genetic similarity and relatedness within the set of pear genotypes including autochthonous Circassian cultivars from North Caucasus, European cultivars, accessions of Pyrus caucasica Fed., and modern Russian cultivars were estimated on the basis of analysis of SSR loci. The level of polymorphism for the studied loci varied from 11 to 15 alleles per locus in the set of 29 samples of pears. Read More

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November 2016

[Genetic polymorphism of Tulipa gesneriana L. evaluated on the basis of the ISSR marking data].

Genetika 2016 Oct;52(10):1134-45

Using the method of ISSR analysis, the genetic diversity of 18 natural populations of Tulipa gesneriana L. from the north of the Lower Volga region was examined. The ten ISSR primers used in the study provided identification of 102 PCR fragments, of which 50 were polymorphic (49. Read More

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October 2016