78 results match your criteria basidiospores collected

First Report of Leaf Blight Caused by Limonomyces roseipellis on Maize (Zea mays L) in China.

Plant Dis 2021 Feb 9. Epub 2021 Feb 9.

Northeast Agricultural University, 12430, Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology of Heilongjiang Province, Harbin, China;

Maize (Zea mays L.) is one of the major crops in China. In July 2020, leaf blight was observed on approximately 18% of maize plants at the 852 Farm, Heilongjiang province. Read More

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February 2021

Field production, germinability, and survival of f. sp. teliospores in China.

Plant Dis 2020 Dec 9. Epub 2020 Dec 9.

College of Plant Protection, P.O. Box 13, College of Plant Protection, Northwest A&F University, Yangling, Shaanxi, 712100, P.R.China, Yangling, Shaanxi, China, 712100;

Wheat stripe rust, caused by f. sp. (), has been recently demonstrated to be heteroecious and macrocyclic. Read More

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December 2020

Association Mapping and Development of Marker-Assisted Selection Tools for the Resistance to White Pine Blister Rust in the Alberta Limber Pine Populations.

Front Plant Sci 2020 15;11:557672. Epub 2020 Sep 15.

USDA Forest Service, Dorena Genetic Resource Center, Cottage Grove, OR, United States.

Since its introduction to North America in the early 1900s, white pine blister rust (WPBR) caused by the fungal pathogen has resulted in substantial economic losses and ecological damage to native North American five-needle pine species. The high susceptibility and mortality of these species, including limber pine (), creates an urgent need for the development and deployment of resistant germplasm to support recovery of impacted populations. Extensive screening for genetic resistance to WPBR has been underway for decades in some species but has only started recently in limber pine using seed families collected from wild parental trees in the USA and Canada. Read More

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September 2020

, a new species from Turkey, and a multigene phylogeny of .

Mycologia 2020 May-Jun;112(3):577-587. Epub 2020 Apr 24.

Vocational School of Health Services, Süleyman Demirel University , 32260 Isparta, Turkey.

A new species of , collected from Aydın Province on the coast of the Aegean Sea in southwestern Turkey, is described as , sp. nov., based on morphology and multigene molecular analysis of three nuc rDNA gene regions: internal transcribed spacer ITS1-5. Read More

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in Korea: New Records and a New Species.

Mycobiology 2019 18;47(4):368-377. Epub 2019 Sep 18.

School of Biological Sciences and Institute of Microbiology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Korea.

The genus (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) is easy to recognize at the genus level because of big, fleshy basidiocarps with squamules covering the pileus; a single or double annulus; and big, thick-walled basidiospores with a germ pore. However, morphological identification is often unreliable in due to similar morphological features among species. Due to the uncertainty of previous morphological identification in the genus it is necessary to re-examine Korean using molecular data. Read More

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September 2019

Two new species of from temperate Himalayan Oak forests of Pakistan.

MycoKeys 2019 10;56:33-47. Epub 2019 Jul 10.

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, USA.

The genus is poorly studied from Asia. From Pakistan, only one species has been reported so far. Two new species in the genus have been collected from Himalayan oak forests of Pakistan. Read More

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Two new species (Boletaceae) from Thailand, with two new combinations of American species.

MycoKeys 2019 21;55:29-57. Epub 2019 Jun 21.

Botanic Garden Meise, Nieuwelaan 38, 1860 Meise, Belgium.

is a lamellate genus in the family Boletaceae that has been recently described from China based on , the only known species. Typical characters of are reddish-orange to yellowish-red basidiomata, including lamellae, bright yellow basal mycelium and smooth, broadly ellipsoid, ellipsoid to nearly ovoid basidiospores. During our survey on diversity of Boletaceae in Thailand, several yellowish-orange to reddish- or brownish-orange lamellate boletes were collected. Read More

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Reinstatement of the corticioid genus (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) with a new species from Hubei, Central China.

MycoKeys 2019 8;51:85-96. Epub 2019 May 8.

State Key Laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.

The monotypic genus was previously considered to be a later synonym of . With the morphological and phylogenetic evidence provided by an additional four East Asian specimens, we propose to reinstate as an independent genus in Hymenochaetales. morphologically differs from by its grandinioid hymenophore with hyphal strands, numerous thick-walled cystidia with an invaginated apical end and narrowly and thick-walled basidia. Read More

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Epidemiology of Exobasidium Leaf and Fruit Spot of Rabbiteye Blueberry: Pathogen Overwintering, Primary Infection, and Disease Progression on Leaves and Fruit.

Plant Dis 2019 Jun 17;103(6):1293-1301. Epub 2019 Apr 17.

Department of Plant Pathology, University of Georgia, Athens, GA.

Epidemiological field studies utilizing disease monitoring, spore trapping, and trap plants were conducted on rabbiteye blueberry () between 2014 and 2017 to shed light on the epidemiology of Exobasidium leaf and fruit spot, an emerging disease in the southeastern United States caused by the fungus . Wash plating of field-collected blueberry tissue from the late dormant season through bud expansion showed that the pathogen overwintered epiphytically on blueberry plants in the field, most likely in its yeast-like conidial stage. Agrichemical applications during the dormant season altered epiphytic populations of the pathogen, which correlated directly with leaf spot incidence later in the spring. Read More

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Taxonomy and phylogeny of (Russulales), with descriptions of three new species from southern China.

MycoKeys 2018 10(40):111-126. Epub 2018 Oct 10.

Institute of Microbiology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China Beijing Forestry University Beijing China.

Nine species of were subjected to phylogenetic analyses, based on a combined dataset of ITS1-5.8S-ITS2-nrLSU- sequences. The morphology of specimens collected from China and Australia were studied. Read More

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October 2018

A new section and species of AgaricussubgenusPseudochitonia from Thailand.

MycoKeys 2018 20(40):53-67. Epub 2018 Sep 20.

State key laboratory of Mycology, Institute of Microbiology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100101, China Chiang Mai University Chiang Mai Thailand.

A large species diversity has recently been discovered in the genus . Six subgenera and 23 sections are now recognised. In this study, three specimens collected from Thailand, formed a monophyletic clade in subgenus Pseudochitonia, based on analyses of ITS sequence data. Read More

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September 2018

Three new species of s.l. (Russulales, Basidiomycota) from southern China.

MycoKeys 2018 3(37):93-107. Epub 2018 Aug 3.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Centre for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China Beijing Forestry University Beijing China.

Three new species of s.l. with corticioid basidiomata are described and illustrated from southern China based on morphological evidence and phylogenetic analyses of ITS and nrLSU sequence data. Read More

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Papiliotrema phichitensis f.a., sp. nov., a novel yeast species isolated from sugarcane leaf in Thailand.

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek 2018 Dec 30;111(12):2455-2461. Epub 2018 Jul 30.

Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Science, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, 10900, Thailand.

Strain DMKU-SP105 representing a novel yeast species was isolated from the external surface of a sugarcane leaf (Saccharum officinarum L.) collected from a sugarcane plantation field in Phichit province, Thailand. On the basis of sequence analysis of the D1/D2 region of the large subunit (LSU) rRNA gene and the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, the strain DMKU-SP105 differed by 7-16 substitutions in the D1/D2 region of LSU rRNA gene and 6-22 substitutions in the ITS region from a group of related species, Papiliotrema aspenensis, Papiliotrema odontotermitis, Papiliotrema rajasthanensis and Papiliotrema laurentii. Read More

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December 2018

Morphological and molecular identification of two new species on from China.

MycoKeys 2018 7(34):93-108. Epub 2018 Jun 7.

Institute of Microbiology, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China.

is a cosmopolitan white rot fungal genus, famous for its medicinal properties. In the present study, two new species were collected from south-eastern China and described on the basis of morphological characters and phylogenetic analyses of sequences of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region, the translation elongation factor 1-α gene (EF1-α) and the second subunit of RNA polymerase II (RPB2). Specimens of both species were found on living trees of . Read More

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Two new species and one new record of the genus (Boletaceae) from Indian Himalaya with morphological details and phylogenetic estimations.

MycoKeys 2018 13(33):103-124. Epub 2018 Apr 13.

Botanical Survey of India, Cryptogamic Unit, P.O. Botanic Garden, Howrah - 711103, India.

and are described as new species from two Himalayan states (Sikkim and Uttarakhand) in India. is characterised by a unique combination of features: reddish- or brownish-grey to purplish-grey then brown to reddish-brown or darker pileus, absence of olive or violet tinges on stipe surface, angular pores, stipe without reticulum or rarely with a faint reticulum restricted to the very apex, bitter taste of the context and positive macrochemical colour reaction of the stipe context with KOH (dark orange) and FeSO (dark green), medium sized (10.9-14. Read More

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Phylogenetic affinities of the sequestrate genus (Boletaceae), with a new species, from Thailand.

MycoKeys 2018 25(29):63-80. Epub 2018 Jan 25.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand.

is a small sequestrate genus in Boletaceae with two described species, and . Phylogenetic analyses of a three-gene dataset including 6, 1 and 2 of species along with selected Boletaceae species showed that all species formed a monophyletic clade, sister to the genera and in subfamily Leccinoideae with high support. All of the taxa in the clade have a similar chemical reaction in which basidiospores turn purplish, purplish red to violet or violet grey when in contact with potassium hydroxide. Read More

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January 2018

Basidiospores attach to the seed of Shorea leprosula in lowland tropical dipterocarp forest and form functional ectomycorrhiza on seed germination.

Mycorrhiza 2018 Jan 2;28(1):85-92. Epub 2017 Sep 2.

Department of Biology, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Bogor Agricultural University, Darmaga Campus, Bogor, West Java, 16880, Indonesia.

This research aimed to study the ectomycorrhiza formed by basidiospores attached to the outer surface of Shorea leprosula (Dipterocarpaceae) seed collected from a lowland tropical dipterocarp forest. Two groups of seeds were collected: control seeds collected from plastic net hanging 2 m above the ground and forest floor seeds collected on the forest floor. Before planting, 15 seeds from each group were observed for basidiospores attached to the seed. Read More

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January 2018

The Gondwanan connection - Southern temperate Amanita lineages and the description of the first sequestrate species from the Americas.

Fungal Biol 2017 08 3;121(8):638-651. Epub 2017 May 3.

University of Florida, Department of Plant Pathology, 2523 Fifield Hall, Gainesville FL 32611, USA.

Amanita is a diverse and cosmopolitan genus of ectomycorrhizal fungi. We describe Amanita nouhrae sp. nov. Read More

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[Interannual variation of the fungal spores of Tetouan (Northwest of Morocco) and their sporal calendar].

J Mycol Med 2016 Jun 16;26(2):148-159. Epub 2016 Mar 16.

Laboratoire diversité et conservation des systèmes biologiques, département de biologie, faculté des sciences, université Abdelmalek Essaâdi, Mhannech II, BP 2121, Tétouan, Maroc.

The Aim: The daily aeromycological monitoring of fungal spores in the city of Tetouan during the period 2009-2011, to determine their diversity, their predominance and their interannual and seasonal variation.

Material And Methods: The spore sampling was undertaken using a Burkard volumetric spore trap.

Results: The outdoor environment of Tetouan showed a highest predominance of deuteromycetes, collected essentially in summer and autumn. Read More

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Morphology of Puccinia horiana, Causal Agent of Chrysanthemum White Rust, Sampled From Naturally Infected Plants.

G O'Keefe D D Davis

Plant Dis 2015 Dec 17;99(12):1738-1743. Epub 2015 Sep 17.

United States Department of Agriculture-Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Plant-Protection and Quarantine, and Department of Plant Pathology and Environmental Microbiology, The Pennsylvania State University, University Park 16802.

Chrysanthemum white rust (CWR), caused by Puccinia horiana, is pathogenic on many Chrysanthemum spp. and close relatives, and infects commercially important florist chrysanthemum cultivars (Chrysanthemum × morifolium) throughout the world. Due to regulations, most research and observations with CWR are done in vitro with symptomatic plants. Read More

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December 2015

Barberry as Alternate Host Is Important for Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici But Not for Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici in the U.S. Pacific Northwest.

Plant Dis 2015 Nov 23;99(11):1507-1516. Epub 2015 Sep 23.

USDA-ARS, Wheat Genetics, Quality, Physiology, and Disease Research Unit, and Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman 99164-6430.

Common barberry (Berberis vulgaris) is the alternate host of the wheat stem rust pathogen, Puccinia graminis f. sp. tritici, under natural conditions in the U. Read More

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November 2015

A reliable in vitro fruiting system for Armillaria mellea for evaluation of Agrobacterium tumefaciens transformation vectors.

Fungal Biol 2015 Oct 30;119(10):859-869. Epub 2015 Jun 30.

School of Biological Sciences, Life Sciences Building, University of Bristol, 24 Tyndall Avenue, Bristol BS8 1TQ, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Armillaria mellea is a serious pathogen of horticultural and agricultural systems in Europe and North America. The lack of a reliable in vitro fruiting system for heterothallic A. mellea has hindered research and required dependence on intermittently available wild-collected basidiospores of endemic genotypes, necessitating the use of variable genetic material in transformation studies. Read More

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October 2015

Thirty-four identifiable airborne fungal spores in Havana, Cuba.

Ann Agric Environ Med 2015 ;22(2):215-20

Department of Microbiology and Virology, Faculty of Biology, University of Habana, Cuba.

The airborne fungal spore content in Havana, Cuba, collected by means a non-viable volumetric methodology, was studied from November 2010 - October 2011. The study, from a qualitative point of view, allowed the characterization of 29 genera and 5 fungal types, described following the Saccardo´s morphotypes, as well as their morphobiometrical characteristics. In the amerospores morphotype, the conidia of 7 genera (with ascospores, basidiospores and uredospores) and 5 fungal types were included. Read More

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Characterizing aeroallergens by infrared spectroscopy of fungal spores and pollen.

PLoS One 2015 13;10(4):e0124240. Epub 2015 Apr 13.

Department of Mathematical Sciences and Technology, Norwegian University of Life Sciences, Ås, Norway.

Background: Fungal spores and plant pollen cause respiratory diseases in susceptible individuals, such as asthma, allergic rhinitis and hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Aeroallergen monitoring networks are an important part of treatment strategies, but unfortunately traditional analysis is time consuming and expensive. We have explored the use of infrared spectroscopy of pollen and spores for an inexpensive and rapid characterization of aeroallergens. Read More

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Hyphoderma pinicola sp. nov. of H. setigerum complex (Basidiomycota) from Yunnan, China.

Bot Stud 2014 Dec 9;55(1):71. Epub 2014 Oct 9.

Department of Biology, National Museum of Natural Science, Taichung, 404, Taiwan.

Backgroud: Hyphoderma setigerum (Fr.) Donk is a white-rot wood-decaying corticoid fungal species. It occurs worldwide from tropical to temperate regions. Read More

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December 2014

Current asthma in schoolchildren is related to fungal spores in classrooms.

Chest 2014 Jul;146(1):123-134

Department of Environmental and Occupational Medicineqs, National Taiwan University College of Medicine and National Taiwan University Hospital, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan; Institute of Occupational Medicine and Industrial Hygiene, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan. Electronic address:

Background: The presence of visible mold in households is associated with asthma. However, the role of "classroom fungus" in the development of childhood asthma, as well as the fungal species that may lead to asthma, remains controversial. This nationwide school survey was conducted to investigate the correlation between fungal spores in classrooms and asthma in schoolchildren. Read More

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First Report of Ustilago cynodontis Causing Smut of Cynodon dactylon in Washington State, United States.

Plant Dis 2014 Feb;98(2):280

Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Hermiston Agricultural Research and Extension Center, Oregon State University, Hermiston.

Bermudagrass (Cynodon dactylon) is an important warm-season perennial turf and forage grass that is typically grown in warm, tropical and subtropical climates. Smutted inflorescences of bermudagrass were observed and collected in Benton County, Washington, United States, in October of 2012 in an unmanaged, naturalized area located near the banks of the Columbia River and adjacent to large expanses of managed turf containing bermudagrass. The climate in this area is favorable to bermudagrass due to the relatively mild winters and hot, dry summers that usually occur in this region. Read More

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February 2014

Comparison of the interleukin-1β-inducing potency of allergenic spores from higher fungi (basidiomycetes) in a cryopreserved human whole blood system.

Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2014 17;163(2):154-62. Epub 2013 Dec 17.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Bloomberg School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, Md., USA.

Background: Spores from basidiomycete fungi (basidiospores) are highly prevalent in the atmosphere of urban and rural settings. Studies have confirmed their potential to affect human health as allergens. Less is known about their potential to serve as stimuli of the innate immune system and induce proinflammatory reactions. Read More

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Exposures to molds in school classrooms of children with asthma.

Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2013 Nov;24(7):697-703

Division of Allergy and Immunology, Department of Pediatrics, Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA; Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.

Background: Students spend a large portion of their day in classrooms which may be a source of mold exposure. We examined the diversity and concentrations of molds in inner-city schools and described differences between classrooms within the same school.

Methods: Classroom airborne mold spores, collected over a 2 day period, were measured twice during the school year by direct microscopy. Read More

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November 2013

First Report of Oregon Grape (Mahonia aquifolium) as an Alternate Host for the Wheat Stripe Rust Pathogen (Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici) Under Artificial Inoculation.

M N Wang X M Chen

Plant Dis 2013 Jun;97(6):839

USDA-ARS, Wheat Genetics, Quality, Physiology, and Disease Research Unit and Department of Plant Pathology, Washington State University, Pullman, 99164-6430.

As the primary host of the stripe rust pathogen, Puccinia striiformis f. sp. tritici (Pst), wheat can be infected by both aeciospores and urediniospores, and later is the host that gives rise to urediniospores and teliospores. Read More

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