1,584 results match your criteria basidiomycota genus

Global Diversity and Taxonomy of (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota): Four New Species and Keys to Species of the Genus.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Mar 26;7(4). Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Institute of Microbiology, School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, PO Box 61, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China.

The genus is a polypore genus with resupinate, white to cream or buff fresh basidioma, poroid or hydnoid hymenophore, a monomitic or dimitic hyphal system with generative hyphae bearing clamp connections, the presence of rosette-like crystals and allantoid to lunate basidiospores. We study the phylogeny and diversity of herein by using both morphological and molecular methods. Phylogenetic analyses are based on the ITS dataset, the combined 2-locus dataset (5. Read More

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Analysis of the Gut Mycobiome in Adult Patients with Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Using Next-Generation Sequencing (NGS) with Increased Sensitivity-Pilot Study.

Nutrients 2021 Mar 25;13(4). Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Molecular Medical Microbiology, Chair of Microbiology, Faculty of Medicine, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 18 Czysta Street, 31-121 Krakow, Poland.

The studies on microbiome in the human digestive tract indicate that fungi could also be one of the external factors affecting development of diabetes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the quantitative and qualitative mycobiome composition in the colon of the adults with type 1 (T1D), = 26 and type 2 (T2D) diabetes, = 24 compared to the control group, = 26. The gut mycobiome was characterized in the stool samples using the analysis of the whole internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region of the fungal rDNA gene cluster by next-generation sequencing (NGS) with increased sensitivity. Read More

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, and -Three New Species in Subgenus (, Basidiomycota) with Comments on and Related Species.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Mar 8;7(3). Epub 2021 Mar 8.

Department of Forest Protection and Wildlife Management, Faculty of Forestry and Wood Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Zemědělská 3, CZ-613 00 Brno, Czech Republic.

is one of the taxonomically most complicated genera of Agaricomycetes with several taxonomically lineages. The subgenus of the genus contains species with either urticoid or absent cheilocystidia. In this paper, three new European species, , , and are described as new to science. Read More

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Effect of chlorpyrifos on the earthworm Eudrilus euginae and their gut microbiome by toxicological and metagenomic analysis.

World J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Mar 31;37(5):76. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Center for Molecular Medicine and Therapeutics, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, India.

The earthworms are important soil invertebrates and play a crucial role in pedogenesis. The application of pesticides and prolonged exposure to pesticides causes mortality of earthworms apart from profoundly affecting the resident gut microbiome. The microbiome plays a significant effect on the metabolic processes associated with earthworms. Read More

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Pyrosequencing and taxonomic composition of the fungal community from soil of in Gyeongju.

J Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Dept. of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, South Korea.

is an ectomycorrhizal fungus that has a symbiotic relationship with the root of . Soil microbial communities greatly affect the growth of , however few studies have examined the characteristics of the communities. In the present study, we analyzed soil fungal communities from Gyeongju and Yeongdeok using the metagenomic pyrosequencing to investigate differences in fungal species diversity, richness, and taxonomic composition between the soil under fruiting bodies (Sample 2) and soil where the fairy ring of was no longer present (Sample 1). Read More

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A study of the click beetles (Coleoptera: Elateridae) of northwestern Iran with three new species Reitterelater prosternalis sp. n., Melanotus borumandi sp. n. and M. kurdestanicus sp. n.

Zootaxa 2021 Mar 9;4941(3):zootaxa.4941.3.2. Epub 2021 Mar 9.

Insect Taxonomy Research Department, Iranian Research Institute of Plant Protection, Tehran, Iran..

More than 800 specimens collected during 2015-2018 are studied from northwestern Iran. Thirty four species belonging to five subfamilies and 21 genera are listed. Reitterelater prosternalis sp. Read More

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Spatial factors and plant attributes influence soil fungal community distribution patterns in the lower reaches of the Heihe River Basin, Northwest China.

Environ Microbiol 2021 Mar 16. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, 100083, China.

Inland river basins include critical habitats and provide various ecosystem services in extremely arid lands. However, we know little about the distribution patterns of soil fungal communities in these river basins. We investigated the distribution patterns of soil fungal communities from the riparian oasis zone (ROZ) to the circumjacent desert zone (CDZ) at the lower reaches of the Heihe River. Read More

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Comparative Mitogenomic Analysis Reveals Dynamics of Intron Within and Between Species and Phylogeny of Basidiomycota.

Front Genet 2021 15;12:534871. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Key Laboratory of Coarse Cereal Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, School of Food and Biological Engineering, Chengdu University, Chengdu, China.

The genus of is a group of important ectomycorrhizal fungi. The overlapping of morphological characteristics often leads to the confusion of species classification. In this study, the mitogenomes of five species were sequenced based on the next-generation sequencing technology, including SCYJ1, , and . Read More

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February 2021

Squamanitaceae and three new species of Squamanita parasitic on Amanita basidiomes.

IMA Fungus 2021 Mar 3;12(1). Epub 2021 Mar 3.

Yunnan Key Laboratory for Fungal Diversity and Green Development, Kunming Institute of Botany, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming, 650201, Yunnan, China.

The systematic position of the enigmatically mycoparasitic genus Squamanita (Agaricales, Basidiomycota) together with Cystoderma, Phaeolepiota, Floccularia, and Leucopholiota is largely unknown. Recently they were recognized as Squamanitaceae, but previous studies used few DNA markers from a restricted sample of taxa from the family and lacked a formal taxonomic treatment. In this study, with newly generated sequences of the type of the genus Squamanita, S. Read More

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Global Phylogeny and Taxonomy of the Wood-Decaying Fungal Genus (Polyporales, Basidiomycota).

Front Microbiol 2021 10;12:622460. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Beijing Museum of Natural History, Beijing, China.

An in-depth study of the phylogeny and taxonomy of the corticioid genus (Phanerochaetaceae) was conducted. Phylogenetic analyses of the ITS1-5.8S-ITS2 and nrLSU sequences demonstrated that is a strongly supported clade which is distinct from its sister clades of , , and . Read More

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February 2021

Multigene phylogeny and taxonomic revision of Atheliales s.l.: Reinstatement of three families and one new family, Lobuliciaceae fam. nov.

Fungal Biol 2021 Mar 27;125(3):239-255. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Department of Organismal Biology, Uppsala University, Norbyvägen 18D, 752 36, Uppsala, Sweden. Electronic address:

Atheliales (Agaricomycetes, Basidiomycota) is an order mostly composed of corticioid fungi, containing roughly 100 described species in 20 genera. Members exhibit remarkable ecological diversity, including saprotrophs, ectomycorrhizal symbionts, facultative parasites of plants or lichens, and symbionts of termites. Ectomycorrhizal members are well known because they often form a major part of boreal and temperate fungal communities. Read More

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Mycorrhizal synthesis, morpho-anatomical characterization of mycorrhizae, and evaluation of mycorrhiza-forming ability of Hydnum albidum-like species using monokaryotic and dikaryotic cultures.

Mycorrhiza 2021 Feb 22. Epub 2021 Feb 22.

Fungus/Mushroom Resource and Research Center, Faculty of Agriculture, Tottori University, 4-101, Koyama, Tottori, 680-8553, Japan.

Despite the economic and ecological importance of Hydnum species, in vitro synthesis of ectomycorrhizae of this genus has not been reported due to difficulties in establishing pure cultures. We inoculated pure cultures of 12 monokaryotic and 3 dikaryotic mycelial strains of an undescribed Hydnum albidum-like species on roots of axenic Pinus densiflora seedlings to synthesize ectomycorrhizae and to evaluate their mycorrhiza-forming ability. Six months after inoculation, both monokaryotic and dikaryotic strains formed ectomycorrhizae with Hartig net hyphae at the root cortex. Read More

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February 2021

Species Diversity and Molecular Phylogeny of (Polyporales, Basidiomycota).

Front Microbiol 2021 4;12:631166. Epub 2021 Feb 4.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.

is a cosmopolitan brown-rot fungal genus, recognizable by blue-tinted basidiocarps. Species in this genus were usually treated as belonging to the complex, however, recent phylogenetic analyses showed that this complex represents an independent genus. During further studies on , five new species were discovered based on morphological features and molecular data. Read More

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February 2021

Multiple Pathways to Homothallism in Closely Related Yeast Lineages in the Basidiomycota.

mBio 2021 02 16;12(1). Epub 2021 Feb 16.

Applied Molecular Biosciences Unit-UCIBIO, Departamento de Ciências da Vida, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia, Universidade Nova de Lisboa, Caparica, Portugal

Sexual reproduction in fungi relies on proteins with well-known functions encoded by the mating type () loci. In the Basidiomycota, loci are often bipartite, with the locus encoding pheromone precursors and pheromone receptors and the locus encoding heterodimerizing homeodomain transcription factors (Hd1/Hd2). The interplay between different alleles of these genes within a single species usually generates at least two compatible mating types. Read More

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February 2021

Evolutionary and genomic comparisons of hybrid uninucleate and nonhybrid Rhizoctonia fungi.

Commun Biol 2021 Feb 15;4(1):201. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Key Laboratory of Pest Monitoring and Green Management, MOA; Joint Laboratory for International Cooperation in Crop Molecular Breeding; Department of Plant Pathology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China.

The basidiomycetous fungal genus, Rhizoctonia, can cause severe damage to many plants and is composed of multinucleate, binucleate, and uninucleate species differing in pathogenicity. Here we generated chromosome-scale genome assemblies of the three nuclear types of Rhizoctonia isolates. The genomic comparisons revealed that the uninucleate JN strain likely arose by somatic hybridization of two binucleate isolates, and maintained a diploid nucleus. Read More

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February 2021

The intestinal mycobiota and its relationship with overweight, obesity and nutritional aspects.

J Hum Nutr Diet 2021 Feb 15. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Centro de Investigación y Asistencia en Tecnología y Diseño del Estado de Jalisco, Guadalajara, Mexico.

Background: The fungal community of the gastrointestinal tract has recently become of interest, and knowledge of its relationship with the development of obesity is scarce. The present study aimed to evaluate the cultivable fungal fraction from the microbiota and to analyze its relationship with obesity.

Methods: Samples were taken from 99 participants with normal weight, overweight and obesity (n = 31, 34 and 34, respectively) and were cultivated in selective medium, and the cultivable yeasts were identified by matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry. Read More

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February 2021

Chemical constituents of fungus F03 belonging to Basidiomycota.

Pak J Pharm Sci 2020 Jul;33(4):1543-1546

Department of Pharmacy, Zunyi Medical University, Zunyi, China/ Generic Drug Research Center of Guizhou Province, Green Pharmaceuticals Engineering Research Center of Guizhou Province, Zunyi, China.

Filamentous fungus F03 belonging to Basidiomycota was obtained and identified as Phlebiopsis crassa based on ITS sequence when Morchella. sp was isolated from the wild fruiting body by spores releasing method. Chemical constituents were separated by gel chromatography, HPLC and recrystallization. Read More

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Comparative mitogenomics of Agaricomycetes: Diversity, abundance, impact and coding potential of putative open-reading frames.

Mitochondrion 2021 Feb 12;58:1-13. Epub 2021 Feb 12.

Molecular and Computational Biology of Fungi Laboratory, Department of Microbiology, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil; Program of Bioinformatics, Instituto de Ciências Biológicas, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil. Electronic address:

The mitochondrion is an organelle found in eukaryote organisms, and it is vital for different cellular pathways. The mitochondrion has its own DNA molecule and, because its genetic content is relatively conserved, despite the variation of size and structure, mitogenome sequences have been widely used as a promising molecular biomarker for taxonomy and evolution in fungi. In this study, the mitogenomes of two fungal species of Agaricomycetes class, Phellinotus piptadeniae and Trametes villosa, were assembled and annotated for the first time. Read More

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February 2021

Flavor Composition and Microbial Community Structure of Mianning Ham.

Front Microbiol 2020 26;11:623775. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Key Lab of Meat Processing of Sichuan Province, Chengdu University, Chengdu, China.

Mianning ham, a traditional Chinese dry-cured ham, is protected by national geographical indications. To understand the surface and internal flavor composition and microbial community structure of Mianning ham, solid phase microextraction-gas chromatography (SPME-GC-MS) technology and Illumina high-throughput sequencing were utilized. The results showed that a total of 60 flavor substances were identified in the hams. Read More

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January 2021

Molecular Phylogeny and Global Diversity of the Genus (Polyporales, Basidiomycota).

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Jan 29;7(2). Epub 2021 Jan 29.

Institute of Microbiology, School of Ecology and Nature Conservation, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing 100083, China.

Phylogeny and taxonomy of the genus were carried out based on a larger number of samples covering a wider geographic range including East Asia, South Asia, Europe, and America, and the species diversity of the genus is updated. Four species, , , and , are described as new species based on morphology and molecular phylogenetic analyses inferred from the internal transcribed spacer (ITS), the large subunit nuclear ribosomal RNA gene (nLSU), and the small subunit mitochondrial rRNA gene (mtSSU). is characterized by the distinctly different colors between the pore surface and the tubes, small pores measuring 5-7 per mm, and narrow basidiospores measuring 10. Read More

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January 2021

Panorama of intron dynamics and gene rearrangements in the phylum Basidiomycota as revealed by the complete mitochondrial genome of Turbinellus floccosus.

Appl Microbiol Biotechnol 2021 Mar 8;105(5):2017-2032. Epub 2021 Feb 8.

Key Laboratory of Coarse Cereal Processing, Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, School of Food and Biological Engineering, Chengdu University, 2025 # Chengluo Avenue, Chengdu, 610106, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.

In the present study, the complete mitogenome of Turbinellus floccosus was sequenced, assembled, and compared with other basidiomycete mitogenomes. The mitogenome of T. floccosus consists of a circular DNA molecule, with a size of 62,846 bp. Read More

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Greenland and Svalbard glaciers host unknown basidiomycetes: the yeast sp. nov. and the dimorphic gen. and sp. nov.

Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2021 Feb;71(2)

Department of Biology, Biotechnical Faculty, University of Ljubljana, Jamnikarjeva 101, SI-1000 Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Sampling campaigns in Greenland and Svalbard were executed to explore fungal diversity in cold habitats. Three very abundant groups of strains were discovered, consisting either of recently described or of yet-undescribed psychrophilic and oligotrophic yeasts and dimorphic fungi, accounting for around 50 % of the total cultivable diversity of basidiomycetes in our studies. The occurrence of these taxa has also been demonstrated by culture-independent methods. Read More

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February 2021

An Updated Global Species Diversity and Phylogeny in the Forest Pathogenic Genus (Basidiomycota, Russulales).

Front Microbiol 2020 7;11:596393. Epub 2021 Jan 7.

Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Tree Breeding by Molecular Design, Beijing Forestry University, Beijing, China.

species are amongst the most intensively studied polypores because several species are aggressive white rot pathogens of managed coniferous forests mainly in Europe and North America. In the present study, both morphological and multilocus phylogenetic analyses were carried out on samples from Asia, Oceania, Europe and North America. Three new taxa were found, i. Read More

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January 2021

Metabarcoding of Soil Fungal Communities Associated with Alpine Field-Grown Saffron ( L.) Inoculated with AM Fungi.

J Fungi (Basel) 2021 Jan 12;7(1). Epub 2021 Jan 12.

Institute for Sustainable Plant Protection, National Research Council (CNR), Viale Mattioli 25, 10125 Torino, Italy.

Soil fungi strongly influence ecosystem structure and functioning, playing a key role in many ecological services as decomposers, plant mutualists and pathogens. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) establish mutualistic symbiotic associations with plant roots and act as biofertilizers by enhancing plant nutrients and water uptake. Information about the AMF association with L. Read More

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January 2021

[High-throughput sequencing analysis of intestinal flora diversity of two freshwater snails (Radix auricularia and Planorbella trivolvis)].

Sheng Wu Gong Cheng Xue Bao 2020 Dec;36(12):2622-2634

College of Animal Science and Technology, Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities, Tongliao 028000, Inner Mongolia, China.

Freshwater snail is an important biological group in aquatic ecosystem and an intermediate host of many parasites. Intestinal flora plays an important role in animal energy metabolism and resistance to pathogens. We analyzed the intestinal microbiota diversity of Radix auricularia (RA) and Planorbella trivolvis (PL) by 16S rRNA high-throughput sequencing. Read More

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December 2020

Twelve undescribed derivatives of ganoderic acid isolated from Ganoderma luteomarginatum and their cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines.

Phytochemistry 2021 Mar 29;183:112617. Epub 2020 Dec 29.

School of Pharmacy, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China; State Key Laboratory Breeding Base of Systematic Research, Development and Utilization of Chinese Medicine Resources, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China; Institute of Innovative Medicine Ingredients of Southwest Specialty Medicinal Materials, Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Chengdu, 611137, China. Electronic address:

Lanostane triterpenoids are thought to be the main underlying preclinical antitumor secondary metabolites of the genus Ganoderma. To further explore the potential cytotoxic triterpenoids from Ganoderma luteomarginatum, the ethyl acetate soluble fraction of 95% ethanolic extract was systematically studied. Twelve previously undescribed lanostane-type triterpene acids were isolated from the fruiting bodies of G. Read More

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External ear canal mycobiome of some rabbit breeds.

Med Mycol 2020 Dec 28. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Veterinary Mycology Group, Department of Animal Health and Anatomy, Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Bellaterra, Catalonia, Spain.

The genus Malassezia is part of the normal skin mycobiota of a wide range of warm-blooded animals. In this genus, M. cuniculi is the only species described from rabbits. Read More

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December 2020

Linking morphological and molecular sources to disentangle the case of Xylodon australis.

Sci Rep 2020 12 15;10(1):22004. Epub 2020 Dec 15.

Department of Mycology, Real Jardín Botánico-CSIC, Plaza de Murillo 2, 28014, Madrid, Spain.

The use of different sources of evidence has been recommended in order to conduct species delimitation analyses to solve taxonomic issues. In this study, we use a maximum likelihood framework to combine morphological and molecular traits to study the case of Xylodon australis (Hymenochaetales, Basidiomycota) using the locate.yeti function from the phytools R package. Read More

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December 2020

Taxonomic Study of the Genus (Strophariaceae, Basidiomycota) in Korea.

Mycobiology 2020 Oct 22;48(6):476-483. Epub 2020 Oct 22.

School of Biological Sciences and Institute of Microbiology, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

The genus (Strophariaceae, Basidiomycota) is made up of wood-rotting saprotrophic mushrooms characterized by a yellow or brown pileus with scales and/or slimy, and by a brownish smooth spore with a germ pore. However, these features are not enough to distinguish its species, or separate the genus from other brown-spored wood-rotting genera such as and . Although internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence-based identification has improved identification accuracy for species of , most species in Korea are reported based on morphological features. Read More

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October 2020

A global meta-analysis of ITS rDNA sequences from material belonging to the genus (Basidiomycota, Polyporales) including new data from selected taxa.

MycoKeys 2020 1;75:71-143. Epub 2020 Dec 1.

National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Department of Genetics and Biotechnology, Faculty of Biology, Panepistemiopolis, Athens 15701, Greece.

P. Karst. is a cosmopolitan genus of white-rot fungi which comprises species with highly-prized pharmaceutical properties, valuable biotechnological applications and of significant phytopathological interest. Read More

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December 2020