17,370 results match your criteria balance tests

Optimizing Order of Administration for Concussion Baseline Assessment Among NCAA Student-Athletes and Military Cadets.

Sports Med 2021 Jun 15. Epub 2021 Jun 15.

UGA Concussion Research Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Georgia, Ramsey Student Center, 330 River Rd., Athens, GA, 30606, USA.

Background: Concussion pre-injury (i.e., baseline) assessments serve as a benchmark comparison point in the event an individual sustains a concussion and allows clinicians to compare to post-injury measures. Read More

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European guideline on indications, performance and clinical impact of C-breath tests in adult and pediatric patients: An EAGEN, ESNM, and ESPGHAN consensus, supported by EPC.

United European Gastroenterol J 2021 Jun 14. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Hospital Zürich, Zürich, Switzerland.

Introduction: C-breath tests are valuable, noninvasive diagnostic tests that can be widely applied for the assessment of gastroenterological symptoms and diseases. Currently, the potential of these tests is compromised by a lack of standardization regarding performance and interpretation among expert centers.

Methods: This consensus-based clinical practice guideline defines the clinical indications, performance, and interpretation of C-breath tests in adult and pediatric patients. Read More

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The importance of biomechanical assessment after Return to Play in athletes with ACL-Reconstruction.

Gait Posture 2021 Jun 8;88:240-246. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, School of Medicine, University of Bari "Aldo Moro", AOU Consorziale Policlinico, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy; Orthopaedic & Trauma Unit, AOU Consorziale Policlinico, Piazza Giulio Cesare 11, 70124 Bari, Italy.

Background: Barriers to successful return to previous level of activity following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Reconstruction (ACLR) are multifactorial and recent research suggests that athletic performance deficits persist after completion of the rehabilitation course in a large percentage of patients.

Research Question: Do technology-based biomechanical assessments reveal underneath differences in both recreational and competitive athletes in Return to Play after ACL-Reconstruction?

Methods: Thirty soccer athletes (26.9 ± 5. Read More

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Shoulder Isokinetic Strength Balance Ratio in Overhead Athletes: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Sports Phys Ther 2021 Jun 1;16(3):827-834. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Universidade Federal de São Paulo (UNIFESP).

Background: Studies have grouped different overhead sports and evaluated together the isokinetic strength of shoulder internal (IR) and external (ER) rotator muscles. However, muscular adaptations could be a consequence of the specific sport, and some strength imbalance between these muscles may exist as a consequence of the muscular demand unique to the sport. Therefore, grouping different overhead sports together may not be adequate. Read More

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Effects of lumbar lordosis increment on gait deteriorations in ambulant boys with Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy: A cross-sectional study.

Braz J Phys Ther 2021 May 24. Epub 2021 May 24.

Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Department of Neurology, Health Sciences University, Antalya, Turkey; Antalya Training and Research Hospital, Neuromuscular Disease Center, Health Sciences University, Antalya, Turkey.

Background: Increment of lumbar lordosis, a frequent spinal finding in Duchenne Muscular Dystrophy (DMD), is a compensatory mechanism secondary to muscle weakness. However, excessive lumbar lordosis may change the position of the center of mass, and lead to balance and walking difficulties.

Objective: To study the relationship between factors that may influence ambulatory function in boys with DMD and to investigate the effects of lumbar lordosis increment on gait and balance perturbations. Read More

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Relationship of the sacral slope with early gait derangements in robust older women.

Adv Rheumatol 2021 Jun 12;61(1):35. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Rheumatology Division, Universidade Federal de Sao Paulo (UNIFESP), São Paulo, Brazil.

Background: Trunk pelvic dissociation is fundamental to the compensatory mechanism for muscle weakness during body bending. We carried out an early investigation of gait changes in a sample of community-dwelling women ≥60 years without gait complaints. The primary objective was to correlate spine and pelvic angles with performance tests and accelerometry parameters. Read More

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Measuring recovery after open lower limb fractures: combined objective functional tests and global perceived recovery outperform narrower metrics and a standard generic patient reported outcome measure.

BMC Musculoskelet Disord 2021 Jun 12;22(1):539. Epub 2021 Jun 12.

Department of Wales Centre for Burns and Plastic Surgery, Morriston Hospital, Swansea, UK.

Background: Open lower limb fractures are serious injuries requiring combined ortho-plastic surgery and have significantly worse outcomes than similar closed fractures. There is little objective published data to determine which functional outcome measures best reflect progress or completeness of physical recovery. Our hypothesis was that objective measures combining strength, mobility and balance would better reflect recovery than isolated parameters (e. Read More

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Association of posturography with clinical measures in balance rehabilitation of ataxic patients.

Int J Rehabil Res 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Faculty of Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey.

The assessment of balance includes posturography measures and clinical balance tests in individuals with ataxia. Although both advantages and disadvantages of these assessments have been stated, no relationship between them in individuals with ataxia has been shown in the literature. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to investigate the relationships between commonly used clinical balance tests and posturography measures in ataxic individuals. Read More

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Age-related Patterns of Vestibular Dysfunction in Dizziness and Imbalance: A Review of Vestibular Testing Results Among 1,116 Patients.

Otol Neurotol 2021 Jul;42(6):897-905

Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania.

Objective: To characterize differences in vestibular testing results among patients presenting with balance-related complaints; to stratify patterns of testing abnormalities by age.

Study Design: Retrospective chart review.

Setting: Academic Balance Center at a Tertiary Referral Center. Read More

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Risk and Benefit for Targeted Therapy Agents in Pediatric Phase II Trials in Oncology: A Systematic Review with a Meta-Analysis.

Target Oncol 2021 Jun 10. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Research Ethics in Medicine Study Group (REMEDY), Department of Philosophy and Bioethics, Jagiellonian University Medical College, ul. Kopernika 40, 31-501, Kraków, Poland.

Background: For research with human participants to be ethical, risk must be in a favorable balance with potential benefits. Little is known about the risk/benefit ratio for pediatric cancer phase II trials testing targeted therapies.

Objective: Our aim was to conduct a systematic review of preliminary efficacy and safety profiles of phase II targeted therapy clinical trials in pediatric oncology. Read More

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Improvement of Physical Performance Following a 6 Week Change-of-Direction Training Program in Elite Youth Soccer Players of Different Maturity Levels.

Front Physiol 2021 24;12:668437. Epub 2021 May 24.

Tunisian Research Laboratory, Sport Performance Optimization, National Center of Medicine and Science in Sports (CNMSS), Tunis, Tunisia.

Change-of-direction (CoD) is a necessary physical ability of a field sport and may vary in youth players according to their maturation status. The aim of this study is: to compare the effectiveness of a 6-week CoD training intervention on dynamic balance (CS-YBT), horizontal jump (5JT), speed (10 and 30-m linear sprint times), CoD with (15 m-CoD + B) and without (15 m-CoD) the ball, in youth male soccer players at different levels of maturity [pre- and post-peak height velocity (PHV)]. Thirty elite male youth soccer players aged 10-17 years from the Tunisian first division participated in this study. Read More

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Estimated Prevalence of Functional Hearing Difficulties in Blast-Exposed Service Members With Normal to Near-Normal-Hearing Thresholds.

Ear Hear 2021 Jun 8. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Audiology and Speech Pathology Center, Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, Bethesda, Maryland, USA Rehabilitation Research & Development Services, U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Washington DC, USA 2GaRi Solutions INC, Aguada, Puerto Rico.

Objectives: Over the past decade, U.S. Department of Defense and Veterans Affairs audiologists have reported large numbers of relatively young adult patients who have normal to near-normal audiometric thresholds but who report difficulty understanding speech in noisy environments. Read More

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[The Treatment Options and Clinical Significance of Immune Thrombocytopenia Patients with Splanchnic Vein Thrombosis as the Initial Manifestation].

Zhongguo Shi Yan Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2021 Jun;29(3):887-892

Department of Hematology, The Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing 210029, Jiangsu Province, China,E-mail:

Objective: To investigate the causes, treatment options and outcomes of immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) patients with splanchnic venous thrombosis (SVT).

Methods: The clinical diagnosis, treatment and outcomes data of one 26-year-old male ITP patient with SVT as initial manifestation were collected. The possible causes and treatment options of the patients were discussed through literatures review. Read More

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Effects of High-Intensity Interval Training after Stroke (The HIIT Stroke Study) on Physical and Cognitive Function: A Multicenter Randomized Controlled Trial: Treadmill interval training after stroke.

Arch Phys Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Faculty of Medicine and Health Science, NTNU, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway; Stroke Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Olav's Hospital, The University Hospital in Trondheim, Norway.

Objective: To assess the effects of high-intensity interval training (HIIT) on physical, mental, and cognitive functioning after stroke.

Design: The HIIT Stroke Study was a single-blind, multicenter, parallel-group, randomized controlled trial.

Setting: Specialized rehabilitation units at 3 Norwegian hospitals. Read More

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The Current Status of Concussion Assessment Scales: A Critical Analysis Review.

JBJS Rev 2021 06 8;9(6). Epub 2021 Jun 8.

Departments of Orthopaedic Surgery (C.A.S., N.N.T., G.B.N., S.A.C., and J.E.V.) and Family Medicine (S.A.C.), University Hospitals Cleveland Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio.

»: Concussion is a complex pathophysiologic process that affects the brain; it is induced by biomechanical forces, with alteration in mental status with or without loss of consciousness.

»: Concussion assessment tools may be broadly categorized into (1) screening tests such as the SAC (Standardized Assessment of Concussion), the BESS (Balance Error Scoring System), and the King-Devick (KD) test; (2) confirmatory tests including the SCAT (Sport Concussion Assessment Tool), the ImPACT (Immediate Post-Concussion Assessment and Cognitive Testing), and the VOMS (Vestibular Oculomotor Screening); and (3) objective examinations such as brain network activation (BNA) analysis, imaging studies, and physiologic markers.

»: The KD, child SCAT3 (cSCAT3), child ImPACT (cImPACT), and VOMS tests may be used to evaluate for concussion in the pediatric athlete. Read More

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Influence of a clinical experiential activity on student confidence in conducting effective fall-risk assessment on older adults.

Gerontol Geriatr Educ 2021 Jun 7:1-14. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Physical Therapy, Radford University Carilion, Roanoke, Virginia, USA.

The ability to confidently perform fall-risk assessment on older adults is critical for Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) students prior to entering workforce. The complex nature of falls makes it challenging to teach it realistically in traditional classroom settings. This could lead to lack of confidence in performing effective assessments in real clinical situations. Read More

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Delivering the unexpected-Information needs for PSA screening from Men's perspective: A qualitative study.

Health Expect 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of General Practice/Family Medicine, Philipps-University Marburg, Marburg, Germany.

Background: Making decisions about PSA screening tests is challenging, as it requires both knowledge of the possible benefits and harms of screening and an individual assessment of the patient's values. Our research explores how much and what information men perceive to be necessary with regard to screening for prostate cancer.

Objective: To explore men's information and associated needs for decision making in PSA testing. Read More

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"I am going out!" - lifestyle sports and physical activity in adolescents.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jun 5;21(1):1079. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Department of Recreation and Leisure Studies, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University Olomouc, Tr. Miru 115, 771 11, Olomouc, Czech Republic.

Background: Lifestyle sport activities (e.g. parkour or skateboarding) are considered attractive and beneficial for a long-term commitment to physical activity (PA) and might be a great opportunity for adolescents who do not feel comfortable in an organized or competitive atmosphere. Read More

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Zn0.8Li0.1Sr-a biodegradable metal with high mechanical strength comparable to pure Ti for the treatment of osteoporotic bone fractures: In vitro and in vivo studies.

Biomaterials 2021 May 27;275:120905. Epub 2021 May 27.

School of Materials Science and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, 100871, China. Electronic address:

The first in vivo investigation of Zn-based biodegradable metal aiming to treat osteoporotic bone fractures, a soaring threat to human health, is reported in this paper. Among the newly developed biodegradable metal system (ZnLiSr), Zn0.8Li0. Read More

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Assessment of total (anti)oxidant status in goat kids.

Arch Anim Breed 2021 26;64(1):139-146. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Veterinary Sciences, Polo Universitario Annunziata, University of Messina, 98168 Messina, Italy.

The redox potential of goat serum was assessed by different spectrophotometric assays. Among them, three methods are commonly applied for the evaluation of the oxidative (reactive oxygen metabolites, ROMs, and total oxidant status, TOS) and nitrosative (NO metabolites, ) stress, and four methods for the evaluation of the antioxidant status: the total antioxidant capacity (TAC) based on the ferric reducing ability of plasma (FRAP), the total antioxidant activity (TAA) based on the reduction of the coloured ABTS radical cation, the free radical scavenging activity (FRSA) based on the reduction of the purple DPPH , and the total thiol levels (TTLs) based on their interaction with DTNB to form a highly coloured anion. Besides, myeloperoxidase (MPO) and ceruloplasmin oxidase (CP) activities were also assessed. Read More

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The relationship between physical performance and quality of life and the level of physical activity among the elderly.

J Educ Health Promot 2021 27;10:68. Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Assistant Professor, Department of Physiology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth (Deemed to be University), Puducherry, India.

Background: Loss of physical function during the process of aging might affect the quality of life. Physical function assessment tests predicts outcomes such as falls, institutionalization, and death. Studies assessing the association of physical function with quality of life and physical activity level of elderly population in India is scarce. Read More

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February 2021

Standing and Walking Balance in Patients with Chronic Shoulder Pain: A Case-control Study.

Saudi J Med Med Sci 2021 May-Aug;9(2):152-158. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Rehabilitation Centre (Building 2), Dammam Medical Complex, Dammam, Saudi Arabia.

Background: Patients with shoulder pain may have proprioceptive and balance deficits. However, studies on balance in patients with shoulder pain are scarce.

Objective: This study aims to investigate if patients with chronic shoulder pain demonstrate deficits in standing and walking balance and to study the relationship between outcome measures of balance and age and body mass index (BMI). Read More

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Associations Between Static and Dynamic Field Balance Tests in Assessing Postural Stability of Female Undergraduate Dancers.

J Dance Med Sci 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Balance testing on dancers has used a wide variety of assessment tools. However, as most field balance tests have been developed for either sport or elderly populations, the evidence of associations between tests and their functional relevance to dance is inconclusive. We assessed possible associations between five such field balance tests. Read More

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Compression socks enhance sensory feedback to improve standing balance reactions and reflex control of walking.

BMC Sports Sci Med Rehabil 2021 Jun 2;13(1):61. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Rehabilitation Neuroscience Laboratory, University of Victoria, PO Box 3010 STN CSC, Victoria, BC, V8W 3P1, Canada.

Background: Compression garments are generally used for their potential benefits in exercise performance and post-exercise recovery. Previous studies show that compression sleeves worn at the elbow change neuromuscular control and improve performance during reaching movement. Cutaneous stimulation of the foot skin produces location-specific reflexes in the lower limb that guide foot placement during locomotion. Read More

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Acute and Subchronic Toxicity Studies of Aristolochic Acid A in Tianfu Broilers.

Animals (Basel) 2021 May 27;11(6). Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, Sichuan Agricultural University, Chengdu 610000, China.

Aristolochic acid (AA) is one of the components of some traditional Chinese medicines, which has high toxic potential in animals, leading to huge economic losses in the breeding industry. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the toxicology of AA on Tianfu broilers through acute and subchronic toxicity tests. The results showed that the median lethal dose of AA to Tianfu broilers was 14. Read More

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The Relationship between Reactive Balance Control and Back and Hamstring Strength in Physiotherapists with Non-Specific Back Pain: Protocol for a Cross-Sectional Study.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 23;18(11). Epub 2021 May 23.

Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ss. Cyril and Methodius in Trnava, 917 01 Trnava, Slovakia.

Back pain is one of the most costly disorders among the worldwide working population. Within that population, healthcare workers are at a high risk of back pain. Though they often demonstrate awkward postures and impaired balance in comparison with healthy workers, there is no clear relationship between compensatory postural responses to unpredictable stimuli and the strength of related muscle groups, in particular in individuals with mild to moderate back pain. Read More

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In Pursuit of the Perfect Dancer's Ballet Foot. The Footprint, Stabilometric, Pedobarographic Parameters of Professional Ballet Dancers.

Biology (Basel) 2021 May 14;10(5). Epub 2021 May 14.

Department of Biomechatronics, Faculty of Biomedical Engineering, Silesian University of Technology, 41-800 Zabrze, Poland.

This work aims to assess footprint parameters in a group of professional ballet dancers and to determine the correlation between the aforementioned parameters and lateralization, stabilometric parameters, pedobarographic parameters and work environment conditions. A group subjected to tests consisted of 44 elite professional ballet dancers and the reference group was composed of 44 students. The test of balance and thrust under feet involved 30 s-long free standing with open eyes on a podographic platform. Read More

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Changes in Motor Competence after a Brief Physical Education Intervention Program in 4 and 5-Year-Old Preschool Children.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 7;18(9). Epub 2021 May 7.

Facultad de Ciencias de la Salud, Universidad Europea del Atlántico, 39011 Santander, Spain.

Low motor competence (MC) can cause low participation in physical activities in preschool children, and together with a high caloric intake, it can lead to obesity. Interventions on motor skills are effective in the short term to improve MC, therefore the objectives of this study were (1) to investigate the effect of a short six-week program on levels of motor competence in preschool children, and (2) to examine the effects of gender-based intervention. A total of 156 preschool children (5. Read More

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Combination of Modified Atmosphere and Irradiation for the Phytosanitary Disinfestation of Everts (Coleoptera: Dermestidae).

Insects 2021 May 12;12(5). Epub 2021 May 12.

MOA Key Laboratory of Pest Monitoring and Green Management, Department of Plant Biosecurity, College of Plant Protection, China Agricultural University, Beijing 100193, China.

The khapra beetle, Everts, is defined as one of the most important quarantine pests globally, and fumigation with methyl bromide, an ozone-depleting substance, is a common phytosanitary measure currently used. The modified atmosphere (MA), irradiation, and their combination treatments of . larvae and adults were performed at room temperature (24-26 ℃) to develop an ecofriendly phytosanitary disinfestation measure and to shorten the exposure time and overcome treatment disadvantages of irradiation. Read More

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