23 results match your criteria bacteria 02-8

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Seroprevalence of COVID-19 infection in a rural district of South India: A population-based seroepidemiological study.

PLoS One 2021 31;16(3):e0249247. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Microbiology, Bangalore Baptist Hospital, Bangalore, Karnataka, India.

Objectives: We aimed to estimate the seroprevalence of COVID-19 in a rural district of South India, six months after the index case.

Methodology: We conducted a cross-sectional study of 509 adults aged more than 18 years. From all the four subdistricts, two grampanchayats (administrative cluster of 5-8 villages) were randomly selected followed by one village through convenience. Read More

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The Monocyte-to-Lymphocyte Ratio at Hospital Admission Is a Novel Predictor for Acute Traumatic Intraparenchymal Hemorrhage Expansion after Cerebral Contusion.

Mediators Inflamm 2020 28;2020:5483981. Epub 2020 Dec 28.

Department of Neurosurgery, First Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, Guangdong, China.

Purpose: To explore the potential of monocyte-to-lymphocyte ratio (MLR) at hospital admission for predicting acute traumatic intraparenchymal hematoma (tICH) expansion in patients with cerebral contusion. . This multicenter, observational study included patients with available at-hospital admission (baseline) and follow-up computed tomography for volumetric analysis (retrospective development cohort: 1146 patients; prospective validation cohort: 207 patients). Read More

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December 2020

Hepatitis C virus genotype 3 was associated with the development of hepatocellular carcinoma in Korea.

J Viral Hepat 2019 Apr 8;26(4):459-465. Epub 2019 Jan 8.

Department of Internal Medicine, Gyeongsang National University School of Medicine and Gyeongsang National University Hospital, Jinju, Korea.

Although hepatitis C virus (HCV) genotype 3 infection is thought to be an important risk factor for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), current evidence is limited because only a few Western studies have evaluated the occurrence of HCC in patients with HCV genotype 3 infection. We evaluated the impact of genotype 3 and non-3 on HCC incidence and on disease progression in chronic HCV patients; this is the first study reporting such findings in an Asian population. We performed a retrospective cohort study using the data of 1448 consecutive chronic HCV patients evaluated at three centres in Korea between January 2005 and December 2016. Read More

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Multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in patients with liver cirrhosis in a tertiary referral hospital.

Gastroenterol Hepatol 2019 Apr 17;42(4):228-238. Epub 2018 Oct 17.

Departamento de Gastroenterología, Hepatología y Unidad de Trasplante Hepático, Hospital Universitari y Politècnic La Fe, Valencia, España; Grupo Acreditado de Hepatología y Trasplante Hepático, Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Valencia, España; Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red del Área de Enfermedades Hepáticas y Digestivas (CIBEREHD), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, España.

Introduction: Infections in cirrhotic patients caused by multidrug-resistant bacteria are currently increasing and are associated with greater morbidity and mortality.

Objectives: To assess the epidemiology, risk factors and prognoses of infections caused by multidrug-resistant bacterial infections in cirrhotic patients.

Patients And Methods: Retrospective study on patients with liver cirrhosis who developed an infection during hospitalisations between July 2014 and August 2016 at our centre (Hospital Universitari i Politècnic La Fe, Valencia, Spain). Read More

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Recidivism Is the Leading Cause of Death Among Intravenous Drug Users Who Underwent Cardiac Surgery for Infective Endocarditis.

Semin Thorac Cardiovasc Surg 2019 27;31(1):40-45. Epub 2018 Aug 27.

Section of Cardiac Surgery, Department of Surgery, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut. Electronic address:

The proportional incidence of intravenous drug use (IVDU)-associated infective endocarditis (IE) cases requiring surgery has increased significantly, mirroring the national opioid crisis. Recidivism is common but its impact on postoperative outcomes is unclear. We aimed to evaluate short- and mid-term postoperative outcomes associated with recidivism in this population. Read More

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Epidemiology of Blood Stream Infection due to Candida Species in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Japan over 12 Years: Importance of Peripheral Line-Associated Candidemia.

PLoS One 2016 31;11(10):e0165346. Epub 2016 Oct 31.

Department of Disease Control and Prevention Center, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Candidemia is an important cause of mortality in healthcare settings. Peripheral lines are a source of candidemia, yet few studies have reported on the clinico-epidemiological features of candidemia due to peripheral-line associated blood stream infection (PLABSI).

Methods: We conducted a single-centre retrospective cohort study of all patients with candidemia between 2002 and 2013. Read More

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Resistance patterns and outcomes in intensive care unit (ICU)-acquired pneumonia. Validation of European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classification of multidrug resistant organisms.

J Infect 2015 Mar 27;70(3):213-22. Epub 2014 Oct 27.

Hospital Clinic, IDIBAPS, Universitat de Barcelona, CIBER Enfermedades Respiratorias, Servei de Pneumologia, Institut del Torax, Barcelona, Spain.

Introduction: Bacterial resistance has become a major public health problem.

Objective: To validate the definition of multidrug-resistant organisms (MDRO) based on the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) classification.

Material: Prospective, observational study in six medical and surgical Intensive-Care-Units (ICU) of a University hospital. Read More

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High incidence of septic shock caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae serotype 3--a retrospective epidemiological study.

BMC Infect Dis 2013 Oct 22;13:492. Epub 2013 Oct 22.

Department of Laboratory Medicine Malmö, Medical microbiology, SE-205 02 Malmö, Sweden.

Background: More than 90 immunologically distinct serotypes of Streptococcus pneumoniae exist, and it is not fully elucidated whether the serotype is a risk factor for severity of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD). Our hypothesis is that serotypes differ in their capacity to cause septic shock.

Methods: We performed a retrospective study in Southern Sweden based upon 513 patients with IPD in the pre-vaccine era 2006-2008. Read More

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October 2013

Immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome associated with Kaposi sarcoma: higher incidence and mortality in Africa than in the UK.

AIDS 2013 Jun;27(10):1603-13

Barcelona Centre for International Health Research (CRESIB, Hospital Clínic-Universitat de Barcelona), Barcelona, Spain.

Objectives: To assess the incidence, predictors, and outcomes of Kaposi sarcoma-associated paradoxical immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (KS-IRIS) in antiretroviral therapy (ART)-naive HIV-infected patients with Kaposi sarcoma initiating ART in both well resourced and limited-resourced settings.

Design: Pooled analysis of three prospective cohorts of ART-naive HIV-infected patients with Kaposi sarcoma from sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and one from the UK.

Methods: KS-IRIS case definition was standardized across sites. Read More

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Development and evaluation of an assay for HIV-1 protease and reverse transcriptase drug resistance genotyping of all major group-M subtypes.

J Clin Virol 2012 May 3;54(1):21-5. Epub 2012 Feb 3.

Department of Medical Microbiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 100, 3584CX Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: High cost and varying sensitivity for non-B HIV-1 subtypes limits application of current commercial kits for HIV-1 drug resistance genotyping of all major HIV-1 group-M subtypes.

Objectives: Our research aimed to develop and validate an assay specific for all major HIV-1 group-M subtypes for use as an alternative to commercial assays for HIV-1 protease (PR) and reverse transcriptase (RT) drug resistance genotyping.

Study Design: A nested RT-PCR encompassing the entire PR and RT up to amino acid 321 of HIV-1 was designed to detect HIV-1 group-M subtypes. Read More

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HPV prevalence and accuracy of HPV testing to detect high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia.

Int J Cancer 2012 Mar 2;130(6):1387-94. Epub 2011 Aug 2.

HTA Service, Agency for Public Health, Lazio Region, Rome, Italy.

Concern was raised on using testing for high-risk (HR) human papillomavirus (HPV) in cervical cancer screening in populations where HPV prevalence is high. The impact of HR HPV prevalence on the efficiency of HPV test-based screening has never been directly evaluated. A meta-regression of the relationship between HR HPV prevalence and the specificity and positive predictive value (PPV) of HPV DNA testing for the presence of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or worse (CIN2+) was performed. Read More

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Correlation between Klebsiella pneumoniae carrying pLVPK-derived loci and abscess formation.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2010 Jun 11;29(6):689-98. Epub 2010 Apr 11.

Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, National Chung-Hsing University, No. 250, Guoguang Road, Taichung 402, Taiwan, Republic of China.

Klebsiella pneumoniae-caused liver abscess (KLA) is an emerging infectious disease. However, factors other than K1-specific loci that contribute to the pathogenesis of this disease have not been identified. pLVPK is a 219,385-bp plasmid of K. Read More

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A seven-year prospective study on spondylodiscitis: epidemiological and microbiological features.

Infection 2010 Apr 27;38(2):102-7. Epub 2010 Feb 27.

Dept. of Infectious Diseases and Tropical Medicine, University La Sapienza Rome, Rome, Italy.

Background: The aim of this paper was to enlarge the available knowledge on clinical and etiological aspects of patients affected by spondylodiscitis.

Patients And Methods: All patients with spondylodiscitis admitted between January 2001 and December 2007 at the 1,300-bed University Hospital "Policlinico Umberto I" of Rome, Italy, were followed. Demographic characteristics, underlying diseases, invasive procedures, imaging studies, isolated microorganisms, treatment, complications, and outcome were recorded. Read More

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Staphylococcus aureus nasal carriage might be associated with vitamin D receptor polymorphisms in type 1 diabetes.

Int J Infect Dis 2009 Nov 2;13(6):e437-43. Epub 2009 May 2.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Crete, POB 2208, Heraklion 71003, Greece.

Background: Polymorphisms in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene have been associated with susceptibility to several diseases, including type 1 diabetes (T1D) and infections. In this study we investigated whether VDR gene polymorphisms influence nasal carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in individuals with T1D.

Methods: In 93 T1D patients, VDR polymorphisms on FokI F>f, BsmI B>b, ApaI A>a, and TaqI T>t were determined in DNA extracted from peripheral blood leukocytes, and a nasal swab was obtained to detect colonization by S. Read More

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November 2009

Incidence of hepatitis C in drug injectors: the role of homelessness, opiate substitution treatment, equipment sharing, and community size.

Epidemiol Infect 2009 Sep 19;137(9):1255-65. Epub 2009 Feb 19.

National Public Health Service for Wales, Health Protection Team, Wales, UK.

A prospective cohort study estimated the incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in drug injectors in South Wales (UK). In total, 286/481 eligible seronegative individuals were followed up after approximately 12 months. Dried blood spot samples were collected and tested for anti-HCV antibody and behavioural data were collected at baseline and follow-up. Read More

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September 2009

Phytochemistry and in vitro pharmacological activities of South African Vitex (Verbenaceae) species.

J Ethnopharmacol 2008 Oct 16;119(3):680-5. Epub 2008 Jul 16.

Department of Pharmacy and Pharmacology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, 7 York Road, Parktown 2193, South Africa.

Aim Of The Study: The in vitro phytochemical and pharmacological investigation of the non-volatile extracts of five South African Vitex species (Verbenaceae); V. obovata ssp. obovata, V. Read More

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October 2008

NTP Technical Report on the comparative toxicity studies of allyl acetate (CAS No. 591-87-7), allyl alcohol (CAS No. 107-18-6) and acrolein (CAS No. 107-02-8) administered by gavage to F344/N rats and B6C3F1 mice.

Authors:
Rick D Irwin

Toxic Rep Ser 2006 Jul(48):1-73, A1-H10

National Toxicology Program, National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, Research Triangle Park, NC 27709, USA.

Allyl acetate, allyl alcohol, and acrolein are used in the manufacture of detergents, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and chemicals and as agricultural agents and food additives. Male and female F344/N rats and B6C3F(1) mice received allyl acetate, allyl alcohol, or acrolein by gavage for 14 weeks. Genetic toxicology studies were conducted in Salmonella typhimurium, Drosophila melanogaster, cultured Chinese hamster ovary cells, rat bone marrow erythrocytes, and mouse peripheral blood erythrocytes. Read More

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High prevalence of febrile urinary tract infections after paediatric renal transplantation.

Nephrol Dial Transplant 2006 Nov 8;21(11):3269-74. Epub 2006 Sep 8.

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Friedrich Schiller University Children's Hospital, Kochstrasse 2, D-07740 Jena, Germany.

Background: Adult data suggest that urinary tract infections occur frequently after renal transplantation (RTx) and contribute to mortality and graft loss; data in children are limited. Therefore, we evaluated prevalence, short and long-term morbidity and confounding factors of febrile UTI (fUTI) after paediatric RTx.

Methods: In a retrospective cross-sectional study of three centres, we analysed data on 110 children followed for 4. Read More

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November 2006

[Early urinary tract infection in kidney transplantation. Risk factors and impact on graft survival].

Medicina (B Aires) 2005 ;65(5):409-14

Servicio de Nefrología, Hospital Privado, Centro Médico de Córdoba.

The early urinary tract infection (EUTI) in kidney transplant recipients is an infection develop during the first 3 months post transplant surgery. The effect of EUTI on graft survival and risk factors have been scarcely studied. Our objetives were the evaluation of risk factors to EUTI, the assessment of the causal agent and graft survival impact. Read More

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The impact of past alcohol use on treatment response rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C.

Aliment Pharmacol Ther 2005 Oct;22(8):701-6

Department of Medicine, Temple University Hospital, Philadelphia, PA 19140, USA.

Background: Studies have shown that past alcohol consumption reduces response rates in patients with chronic hepatitis C treated with interferon monotherapy.

Aim: To clarify the importance of alcohol consumption on response rates in patients undergoing treatment with pegylated interferon and ribavirin.

Methods: In a single centre, prospective study, median daily alcohol consumption (determined by previously validated method) and quartiles of alcohol consumption were calculated. Read More

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October 2005

Modelling the effects of temperature, water activity, pH and lactic acid concentration on the growth rate of Escherichia coli.

Int J Food Microbiol 2003 Jan;82(1):33-43

Centre for Food Safety and Quality, School of Agricultural Science, University of Tasmania, GPO Box 252-54, Hobart 7001, Tasmania, Australia.

An extended square root-type model describing Escherichia coli growth rate was developed as a function of temperature (7.63-47.43 degrees C), water activity (0. Read More

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January 2003

UK dietary exposure to BSE in beef mechanically recovered meat: by birth cohort and gender.

Authors:
J D Cooper S M Bird

J Cancer Epidemiol Prev 2002 ;7(2):59-70

MRC Biostatistics Unit, Cambridge, UK.

Background: Meat recovered mechanically from bovine vertebral columns for use in burgers, sausages and other meat products may have been contaminated with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) from recovered spinal cord and dorsal root ganglia (DRG). We quantified UK exposure to BSE in beef mechanically recovered meat (MRM) by birth cohort (born pre-1940, in 1940-1969, post-1969), gender and calendar period (1980-1989, 1990-1996) because information on any two of BSE exposure intensity, vCJD incubation period and the new cases of vCJD tells us about the third.

Methods: Synthesis of evidence on BSE epidemiology, MRM production, infectivity in spinal cord and DRG, and UK dietary consumption. Read More

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Longitudinal study of prognostic factors in established periodontitis patients.

J Clin Periodontol 1997 Feb;24(2):102-9

Department of Oral Biology, School of Dental Medicine State University of New York at Buffalo, USA.

Numerous indicators for disease progression have been described in the last decade. The purpose of this study was to examine, longitudinally, a large battery of clinical, microbiological, and immunological indicators, to try to determine whether the presence of one or a combination of these parameters at baseline, would correlate positively with increased attachment and or bone loss (true prognostic factors). Following initial screening, 79 patients with established periodontitis were monitored longitudinally for one year. Read More

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February 1997
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