52,153 results match your criteria background overweight


Biological effects of stevia, sucralose and sucrose in citrus-maqui juices on overweight subjects.

Food Funct 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Catholic University of San Antonio (UCAM), Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Health Sciences, Campus de los Jerónimos 30107 Guadalupe, Murcia, Spain.

Background: In the last few years there has been emerging interest in substituting added sugars from juices with other sweeteners to make them healthier. But their long-term effects have been poorly evaluated. The aim of this study is to evaluate the effect of the addition of stevia, sucralose and sucrose (control) to maqui-citrus beverages on antioxidant and inflammatory status. Read More

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[Cardiovascular Health School Program (PESCA). Methodology and initial results: 2018-2020].

Nutr Hosp 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Grupo de investigación ImFine. Departamento de Salud y Rendimiento Humano. Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.

Introduction: despite the fact that 40 % of children in Spain, ages 6 to 9, are overweight or obese, and 2/3 of them are at risk of developing cardiovascular disease, there is a lack of protocolized efficient interventions to fight this important health problem. The PESCA project aims to reduce the prevalence of overweight and obesity with a transversal model focused on a school intervention, but also involving families and primary care doctors, to increase the quantity and quality of physical activity (PA) and improve eating habits.

Methods: a 5-step protocol was carried out at schools: 1) family and personal background questionnaire for children; 2) body mass index (BMI); 3) bioimpedance corporal composition (BIA); 4) hand grip dynamometry (DIN); and 5) medical physical examination. Read More

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A study of risk factors and complications in elderly hypertensive subjects.

J Family Med Prim Care 2021 Jun 2;10(6):2230-2234. Epub 2021 Jul 2.

Assistant Professor, Department of Pharmacology, AIIMS, Raipur, Chhattisgarh, India.

Background: Hypertension among the elderly is a major, highly prevalent yet treatable cardiovascular disease.

Aims & Objectives: Study aims to highlight the risk factors for hypertension in the elderly in an urban setup for the benefit of improving quality of life and also reduce the incidence of the cardiovascular related complications.

Methodology: This is a Cross-sectional observational study. Read More

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What Type of Body Shape Moves Children? An Experimental Exploration of the Impact of Narrative Cartoon Character Body Shape on Children's Narrative Engagement, Wishful Identification, and Exercise Motivation.

Front Psychol 2021 12;12:653626. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

Health Technology Lab, College of Arts, Media and Design, Bouvé College of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States.

Background: The incorporation of narratives helps to enhance children's engagement in active video games (AVGs), thus increasing moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Specific narrative elements, such as the visual representation of the characters' body shape, have been rarely manipulated to explore their role in modulating children's narrative engagement (NE) and exercise motivation.

Objective: To investigate the effects of character body shape manipulation (overweight/obese, average, or athletic slim) on children's narrative immersion (NI), NE, wishful identification (WI), as well as their mediating effect on AVG and PA motivation. Read More

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Screening and Management of Maternal Malnutrition in Nutritional Rehabilitation Centers as a Routine Service: A Feasibility Study in Kalawati Saran Children Hospital, New Delhi.

Indian J Community Med 2021 Apr-Jun;46(2):241-246. Epub 2021 May 29.

Department of Pediatrics, Kalawati Saran Children's Hospital, Associated Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi, India.

Background: In India, Nutrition Rehabilitation Centers (NRCs) established at public health facilities provide residential medical nutrition therapy for severe acute malnutrition (SAM) children with complications. A large proportion of their mothers are also malnourished. NRCs do not provide services to such mothers as part of routine practice. Read More

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Behavior Characteristics and Risk for Metabolic Syndrome Among Women in Rural Communities in China.

J Cardiovasc Nurs 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Jyu-Lin Chen, PhD, RN, CNS, FAAN Professor, Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco. Jia Guo, PhD, RN Professor, Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China. Chen-Xi Lin, MS School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco. Jundi Yang, BSN Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China. Ping Mao, PhD, RN Professor, Nursing Department, Third Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China. Shan Jiang, BSN, RN Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China. Wei He, MS, RN, Third Xiangya Hospital and Xiangya School of Nursing, Central South University, Changsha, China. Kathy Lien, BA, RN Department of Family Health Care Nursing, School of Nursing, University of California, San Francisco.

Background: Rapid economic growth and lifestyle changes in China have resulted in increased metabolic syndrome (MetS) rates. Few investigators have examined sex-specific risk factors and the role of menopause, stress, and sleep on MetS among women in China.

Objective: In this study, we aimed to identify the risk factors for MetS among women in rural China. Read More

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Effect of Greenshell mussel on osteoarthritis biomarkers and inflammation in healthy postmenopausal women: a study protocol for a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial.

Trials 2021 Jul 28;22(1):498. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

School of Health Sciences, College of Health, Massey University, Private Bag 11222, Palmerston North, 4442, New Zealand.

Background: New Zealand Greenshell™ mussels (GSM; Perna canaliculus) have recently been shown to decrease cartilage degradation in a rat model of induced metabolic osteoarthritis (MetOA). However, this effect has not been investigated in human subjects. This study aims to determine the effect of GSM powder on biomarkers of cartilage metabolism, bone resorption, and inflammation in New Zealand healthy overweight/obese postmenopausal women who are at early stage or at high risk of OA. Read More

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Sensitivity and Specificity of Cutoff Points of Resting Heart Rate from 6,794 Brazilian Adolescents: A Cross-Sectional Study.

Arq Bras Cardiol 2021 Jul;117(1):74-81

Universidade Nove de Julho - Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências da Reabilitação, São Paulo, SP - Brasil.

Background: Resting heart rate (RHR) may be a useful screening tool for cardiovascular risk. However, RHR cutoff points, an interesting clinical approach, have never been described in young populations.

Objective: To establish RHR cutoff points in Brazilian adolescents and to analyze whether cutoff points are associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Read More

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Lower sexual satisfaction in women with polycystic ovary syndrome and metabolic syndrome.

Endocr Connect 2021 Jul 28. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

M Ruchala, Endocrinology, Poznan University of Medical Sciences, Poznan, Poland.

Background: Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a multi-symptom disorder linked with a range of metabolic and hormonal disturbances. Psychological and sexual aspects of PCOS also need to be considered.

Objective Of The Study: This study aimed to assess sexual satisfaction(SS) in PCOS patients and eumenorrheic controls (CON). Read More

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Is store density associated with sugar-sweetened beverages consumption and overweight or obesity in Mexican adolescents?

Pediatr Obes 2021 Jul 28:e12838. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Center for Evaluation and Survey Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico.

Background: The consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is a risk factor for obesity. In Mexico, SSBs are widely available and consumed daily by adolescents.

Objectives: The purpose of this study was to estimate the indirect association between store density (including grocery, convenience, non-alcoholic beverage stores and supermarkets) and overweight or obesity (OW/O) among Mexican adolescents, using SSB consumption as a mediator. Read More

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Elevated plasma succinate levels are linked to higher cardiovascular disease risk factors in young adults.

Cardiovasc Diabetol 2021 Jul 27;20(1):151. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition and Research Unit, University Hospital of Tarragona Joan XXIII-Institut d ́Investigació Sanitària Pere Virgili (IISPV), Tarragona, Spain.

Background: Succinate is produced by both host and microbiota, with a key role in the interplay of immunity and metabolism and an emerging role as a biomarker for inflammatory and metabolic disorders in middle-aged adults. The relationship between plasma succinate levels and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk in young adults is unknown.

Methods: Cross-sectional study in 100 (65% women) individuals aged 18-25 years from the ACTIvating Brown Adipose Tissue through Exercise (ACTIBATE) study cohort. Read More

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Sugar sweetened beverages attributable disease burden and the potential impact of policy interventions: a systematic review of epidemiological and decision models.

BMC Public Health 2021 Jul 27;21(1):1460. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Instituto de Efectividad Clínica y Sanitaria (IECS) /Institute for Clinical Effectiveness and Health Policy, Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Background: Around 184,000 deaths per year could be attributable to sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) consumption worldwide. Epidemiological and decision models are important tools to estimate disease burden. The purpose of this study was to identify models to assess the burden of diseases attributable to SSBs consumption or the potential impact of health interventions. Read More

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Education and screening for obesity, hypertension, and diabetes (including gestational diabetes) "at the doorstep" of women from nine underprivileged urban areas in Delhi National Capital Region.

Diabetes Metab Syndr 2021 Jul 12;15(5):102209. Epub 2021 Jul 12.

National-Diabetes, Obesity and Cholesterol Foundation (N-DOC), SDA, New Delhi, 110016, India; Diabetes Foundation (India), New Delhi, 110016, India; Fortis C-DOC Center of Excellence for Diabetes, Metabolic Diseases, and Endocrinology, B 16, Chirag Enclave, New Delhi, India. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: Women in underprivileged urban areas have poor access to health and education, making them vulnerable to non-communicable diseases (NCDs), specifically diabetes. The current project has sought to focus on this group, to educate and screen this population to prevent and manage obesity and diabetes.

Methods: The project was conducted in 9 underprivileged areas of Delhi NCR using a mobile van unit. Read More

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Nutritional Status Influences Oxidative Stress and Insulin Resistance in Preschool Children.

Metab Syndr Relat Disord 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Servicio de Medicina Física y Rehabilitación, Hospital General de Zona No. 197, Texcoco, Mexico.

Child malnutrition represents a major public health problem with physiological, psychological, and social short- and long-term implications. To compare the influence of nutritional status on oxidative stress (OS) markers in children aged 3-6 years. Children were categorized into four groups: underweight, normal weight, overweight, and obesity. Read More

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Insufficient physical activity and high sedentary behaviour are associated with loneliness in adolescents with overweight/obesity: Evidence from 23 low- and middle-income countries.

Pediatr Obes 2021 Jul 26:e12836. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

School of Applied Psychology, Griffith University, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia.

Background/objectives: Overweight and obesity among young people is a major concern with implications for social wellbeing. We aimed to evaluate the associations of physical activity (PA) and sedentary behaviour (SB) with loneliness among adolescents with overweight/obesity.

Methods: Data were used from the Global School-based Student Health Surveys, collected from 23 low-and-middle-income countries. Read More

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Behavioral, neurocognitive, polysomnographic and cardiometabolic profiles associated with obstructive sleep apnea in adolescents with ADHD.

J Child Psychol Psychiatry 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Sleep Research & Treatment Center, Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center, College of Medicine, Pennsylvania State University, Hershey, PA, USA.

Background: A high comorbidity between attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) as well as similar impairments across neurobehavioral outcomes has been described in children. However, there is a paucity of research examining the comorbidity of these two disorders in adolescents. This study examined the association of OSA with sleep, neurobehavioral, and cardiometabolic outcomes in adolescents with ADHD from the general population. Read More

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Medial Tibial Plateau Stress Fracture Following Navigated Total Knee Arthroplasty: Two Case Reports.

Am J Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;22:e933005. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Surgery, Sarah Bush Lincoln Health Center, Mattoon, IL, USA.

BACKGROUND Computer navigation in total knee arthroplasty has been gaining worldwide interest among orthopedic surgeons. While there is controversial data regarding its potential better clinical outcomes compared to conventional total knee arthroplasty, it has been shown to improve component and limb alignment reliability at a potential cost of increased complications. We present 2 case reports of medial tibial stress fracture through navigated tibial cutting block pinhole sites. Read More

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A manualised weight management programme for adults with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities affected by excess weight: A randomised controlled feasibility trial (Shape Up-LD).

J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2021 Jul 23. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Behavioural Science and Health, University College London, London, UK.

Background: The aim was to pilot an adapted manualised weight management programme for persons with mild-moderate intellectual disabilities affected by overweight or obesity ('Shape Up-LD').

Method: Adults with intellectual disabilities were enrolled in a 6-month trial (3-month active intervention and 3-month follow-up) and were individually randomised to Shape Up-LD or a usual care control. Feasibility outcomes included recruitment, retention, initial effectiveness and cost. Read More

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Direct Oral Anticoagulants in Patients with Non-valvular Atrial Fibrillation and Extreme Body Weight.

Eur J Clin Invest 2021 Jul 26:e13658. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Cardiology Unit, IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Milan, Italy.

Background: Limited clinical data exist describing the use of Direct Oral Anticoagulants (DOACs) in patient with extreme body weight. Thus, the International Society of Thrombosis and Haemostasis (ISTH) recommends avoiding DOACs in patients with weight >120 Kg, on the other hand no restrictions exist for underweight patients.

Objective: To evaluate the effects of extreme body weight on DOACs activity and to compare the clinical outcomes of patients with an extreme body weight versus patients with a normal weight (61-119 Kg) treated with DOACs. Read More

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Weight gain and obesity in general adult psychiatric inpatients: a longitudinal and cross-sectional study.

Riv Psichiatr 2021 Jul-Aug;56(4):211-216

Department of Psychiatry, International Centre for Healthcare and Medical Education (ICHME), Bristol, United Kingdom.

Background: Weight gain and obesity are significantly linked to mental illness. There have been different theories trying to explain weight gain to psychiatric inpatients, such as physical inactivity and lifestyle, the effect of psychotropic drugs, increased food intake triggered by depression, and comorbidity between mental illness and obesity. The current research is a longitudinal and cross-sectional study collecting the electronic records of weight of psychiatric inpatients in a period spanning from one to ten years to address these theories. Read More

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Risk factors for gastric cancer: a large-scale, population-based case-control study.

Chin Med J (Engl) 2021 Jul 22. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Office of Cancer Screening, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College/Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences Key Laboratory for National Cancer Big Data Analysis and Implement, Beijing 100021, China Department of Thoracic Surgery, National Cancer Center/National Clinical Research Center for Cancer/Cancer Hospital, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences and Peking Union Medical College, Beijing 100021, China.

Background: Early detection of gastric cancer (GC) has been the topic of major efforts in China. This study aimed to explore the risk factors associated with GC and to provide evidence for the selection of a high-risk population of GC.

Methods: Based on the cancer screening cohort of the National Cancer Screening Program in Urban China, GC patients diagnosed by endoscopy and pathological examinations constituted the case group, and controls were 1:3 matched by sex and age (±5 years) individually. Read More

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The substantial burden of non-communicable diseases and HIV-comorbidity amongst adults: Screening results from an integrated HIV testing services clinic for adults in Soweto, South Africa.

EClinicalMedicine 2021 Aug 14;38:101015. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Perinatal HIV Research Unit, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of the Witwatersrand, Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Johannesburg 1864, South Africa.

Background: South Africa is disproportionately impacted by non-communicable diseases (NCDs) and HIV/AIDS. We investigated the prevalence of known/unknown NCD risk factors, HIV, and NCD risk factor-HIV comorbidity; and treatment status on known diseases to determine the prevalence of controlled/uncontrolled disease.

Methods: This cross-sectional study (June 2018-March 2019) within an integrated testing centre in Soweto, South Africa, screened adults (aged ≥18 years) for body mass index (BMI), hypertension (HT), rapid glucose and cholesterol, and HIV. Read More

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Effect of overweight/obesity on caesarean section occurrence among reproductive-aged women in Ethiopia: a secondary data analysis.

BMJ Nutr Prev Health 2021 15;4(1):111-114. Epub 2021 Feb 15.

Department of Pharmacy, College of Medcine and Health Science, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia.

Background: The burden of overweight/obesity increased worldwide and it has unpredictable effect on maternal morbidity and mortality. Different adverse perinatal outcomes observed in overweight/obese women, of those caesarean section occurred frequently. In Ethiopia, the national caesarean section and overweight/obesity rate among reproductive-aged women increased tremendously. Read More

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February 2021

Is There a Correlation Between Dog Obesity and Human Obesity? Preliminary Findings of Overweight Status Among Dog Owners and Their Dogs.

Front Vet Sci 2021 9;8:654617. Epub 2021 Jul 9.

Department of Psychology, Tufts University School of Arts and Sciences, Medford, MA, United States.

Obesity is a serious health issue in people and their pets, with a need for innovative and engaging prevention strategies. One possible strategy is a One Health approach incorporating dogs into prevention programs; however, little data exist in the U.S. Read More

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The Intestinal Microbiome Predicts Weight Loss on a Calorie-Restricted Diet and Is Associated With Improved Hepatic Steatosis.

Front Nutr 2021 8;8:718661. Epub 2021 Jul 8.

The Vatche and Tamar Manoukian Division of Digestive Diseases, Department of Medicine, David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States.

The microbiome has been shown in pre-clinical and epidemiological studies to be important in both the development and treatment of obesity and metabolic associated fatty liver disease (MAFLD). However, few studies have examined the role of the microbiome in the clinical response to calorie restriction. To explore this area, we performed a prospective study examining the association of the intestinal microbiome with weight loss and change in hepatic steatosis on a calorie-restricted diet. Read More

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Changes in cardiometabolic risk factors and metabolic syndrome over time in living kidney donors: a retrospective cohort study.

Nutr Hosp 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Nephrology. Hospital General de México Dr. Eduardo Liceaga.

Background: permissibility in the selection of living kidney donors (LKD) with one or more cardiometabolic risk factors (CMRFs) and/or metabolic syndrome (MS) is an increasingly frequent practice worldwide. These factors, together with kidney donation specifically, are known to be associated with an increased risk of chronic kidney disease (CKD).

Methods: we analyzed the frequency of CMRFs and MS before and after kidney donation in LKD. Read More

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A higher dietary restraint is associated with higher BMI: A cross-sectional study in college students.

Physiol Behav 2021 Jul 22:113536. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Gastronomy, Food Science Torribera Campus, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; INSA-UB, Nutrition and Food Safety Research Institute, Barcelona, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: College students tend to have eating and lifestyle behaviors that can lead to weight gain. Paradoxically, weight gain could also lead to calorie restriction, a practice that is common among those who are concerned about their body weight. Thus, the objective of this study was to investigate the association between habits related to overweight and obesity and dietary intake, physical activity, and BMI among college students. Read More

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[Factors promoting and hindering the use of an evidence-based clinical pathway for the management of overweight or obese children and adolescents].

Z Evid Fortbild Qual Gesundhwes 2021 Jul 21. Epub 2021 Jul 21.

Institut für Allgemeinmedizin und evidenzbasierter Versorgungsforschung, Medizinische Universität Graz, Graz, Österreich; Institut für Allgemeinmedizin, Johann Wolfgang Goethe-Universität Frankfurt, Frankfurt am Main, Deutschland.

Background/objective: Evidence-based clinical pathways can be a useful tool for guideline implementation. However, there seem to be barriers to the use of clinical pathways. The aim of the present questionnaire survey was to assess the perceived usability of the clinical pathway "Overweight/obesity in children and adolescents at primary care level" and to identify factors promoting and hindering the use of the clinical pathway. Read More

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Evaluation of factors that predict the success rate of trial of labor after the cesarean section.

BMC Pregnancy Childbirth 2021 Jul 24;21(1):527. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Department of Nutrition and Food Safety, School of Public Health, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an , 710061, China.

Background: For most women who have had a previous cesarean section, vaginal birth after cesarean section (VBAC) is a reasonable and safe choice, but which will increase the risk of adverse outcomes such as uterine rupture. In order to reduce the risk, we evaluated the factors that may affect VBAC and and established a model for predicting the success rate of trial of the labor after cesarean section (TOLAC).

Methods: All patients who gave birth at Northwest Women's and Children's Hospital from January 2016 to December 2018, had a history of cesarean section and voluntarily chose the TOLAC were recruited. Read More

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Prevalence of periodontitis in obese patients in Bahrain: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Oral Health 2021 Jul 24;21(1):376. Epub 2021 Jul 24.

Dental Postgraduate Training Department, Ministry of Health, Manama, Bahrain.

Background: Adult obesity has been associated with various systemic diseases and is an increasing problem in Bahrain. Recent evidence indicates a correlation between adult obesity and periodontitis. Hence the aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of periodontitis in overweight/obese adults in Bahrain and to determine the factors associated with periodontitis in these obese adults. Read More

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