31,951 results match your criteria b-cell factor

Genetic or pharmacological reduction of cholangiocyte senescence improves inflammation and fibrosis in the  mouse.

JHEP Rep 2021 Jun 27;3(3):100250. Epub 2021 Jan 27.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, and the Mayo Clinic Center for Cell Signaling in Gastroenterology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.

Background & Aims: Cholangiocyte senescence is important in the pathogenesis of primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC). We found that CDKN2A (p16), a cyclin-dependent kinase inhibitor and mediator of senescence, was increased in cholangiocytes of patients with PSC and from a PSC mouse model (multidrug resistance 2; ). Given that recent data suggest that a reduction of senescent cells is beneficial in different diseases, we hypothesised that inhibition of cholangiocyte senescence would ameliorate disease in mice. Read More

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Role of NFAT in Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia and Other B-Cell Malignancies.

Front Oncol 2021 1;11:651057. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Division of Experimental Oncology, San Raffaele Hospital IRCCS, Milano, Italy.

In recent years significant progress has been made in the clinical management of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) as well as other B-cell malignancies; targeting proximal B-cell receptor signaling molecules such as Bruton Tyrosine Kinase (BTK) and Phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3Kδ) has emerged as a successful treatment strategy. Unfortunately, a proportion of patients are still not cured with available therapeutic options, thus efforts devoted to studying and identifying new potential druggable targets are warranted. B-cell receptor stimulation triggers a complex cascade of signaling events that eventually drives the activation of downstream transcription factors including Nuclear Factor of Activated T cells (NFAT). Read More

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Early immune responses and prognostic factors in children with COVID-19: a single-center retrospective analysis.

BMC Pediatr 2021 Apr 17;21(1):181. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

Department of Hematology, Wuhan Children's Hospital (Wuhan Medical Care Center for Women and Children), Tongji College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, Hubei, China.

Background: Early diagnostic indicators and the identification of possible progression to severe or critical COVID-19 in children are unknown. To investigate the immune characteristics of early SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and possible key prognostic factors for early identification of critical COVID-19, a retrospective study including 121 children with COVID-19 was conducted. Peripheral blood lymphocyte subset counts, T cell-derived cytokine concentrations, inflammatory factor concentrations, and routine blood counts were analyzed statistically at the initial presentation. Read More

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Long-term exposure to monoclonal anti-TNF is associated with an increased risk of lymphoma in BAFF-transgenic mice.

Clin Exp Immunol 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Department of Rheumatology, AP-HP, Hôpital Bicêtre, Le Kremlin-Bicêtre, France.

The impact of treatment on the risk of lymphoma in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is unclear. Here, we aimed to assess if the risk of lymphoma differs according to the type of Tumor Necrosis factor inhibitor (TNFi), comparing monoclonal anti-TNF antibodies (Ab) to the soluble TNF receptor. We used BAFF-transgenic (Tg) mice as a model of autoimmunity-associated lymphoma. Read More

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An IgD-Fc-Ig fusion protein restrains the activation of T and B cells by inhibiting IgD-IgDR-Lck signaling in rheumatoid arthritis.

Acta Pharmacol Sin 2021 Apr 16. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Institute of Clinical Pharmacology, Anhui Medical University, Key Laboratory of Anti-inflammatory and Immune Medicine, Ministry of Education, Anhui Collaborative Innovation Center of Anti-inflammatory and Immune Medicine, Hefei, 230032, China.

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic systemic autoimmune disease characterized by synovitis and the destruction of small joints. Emerging evidence shows that immunoglobulin D (IgD) stimulation induces T-cell activation, which may contribute to diseases pathogenesis in RA. In this study, we investigated the downstream signaling pathways by which IgD activated T cells as well as the possible role of IgD in the T-B interaction. Read More

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PDGFRA Immunohistochemistry Predicts PDGFRA Mutations in Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors.

Am J Surg Pathol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Pathology, Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA Department of Pathology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, CA.

Platelet-derived growth factor receptor A (PDGFRA) is a receptor tyrosine kinase that is activated by mutations in 10% of gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs) and 55% to 70% of inflammatory fibroid polyps. PDGFRA-mutant GISTs are usually epithelioid and occur predominantly in the stomach. Succinate dehydrogenase-deficient GISTs also arise in the stomach and are usually epithelioid, as are some KIT-mutant GISTs. Read More

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[The prognostic impact of diabetic mellitus and hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment on patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma].

Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2021 Feb;42(2):151-157

Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital, National Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Key Laboratory of Cancer Prevention and Therapy, Tianjin's Clinical Research Center for Cancer, Tianjin 300060, China State Key Laboratory of Oncology in South China, Collaborative Innovation Center for Cancer Medicine, Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center, Guangzhou 510060, China.

This study aims to investigate the clinical features and prognostic factors of patients with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and assess the prognostic value of diabetes mellitus (DM) and hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment in DLBCL. The clinical data of 481 newly diagnosed DLBCL patients from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2019 at Tianjin Medical University Cancer Institute and Hospital and Sun Yat-sen University Cancer Center were retrospectively collected, focusing on their blood glucose levels before and during treatment. Cox regression method was used for univariate analysis to assess prognostic factors, and the Kaplan-Meier method was used to draw survival curves to assess the prognostic value of DM and hyperglycemia during DLBCL treatment in patients with DLBCL. Read More

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February 2021

[Comparison of prognostic significance between multiparameter flow cytometry and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction in the detection of minimal residual disease of Philadelphia chromosome-positive acute B lymphocytic leukemia before allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation].

Zhonghua Xue Ye Xue Za Zhi 2021 Feb;42(2):116-123

Peking University People's Hospital & Peking University Institute of Hematology, National Clinical Research Center for Hematologic Disease, Beijing Key Laboratory of Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplantation, Beijing 100044, China.

To explore the different values of minimal residual disease (MRD) detection by multiparameter flow cytometry (MFC) and real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RQ-PCR) before hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) for predicting relapse, leukemia-free survival (LFS) , and overall survival (OS) in Philadelphia chromosome-positive ALL (Ph(+) ALL) . A retrospective study (=280) was performed. MRD was determined using multiparameter flow cytometry and RQ-PCR. Read More

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February 2021

Extracellular vesicles and their associated miRNAs as potential prognostic biomarkers in chronic lymphocytic leukemia.

Curr Oncol Rep 2021 Apr 14;23(6):66. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Departamento de Hematología, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Medicas y Nutricion Salvador Zubiran, Avenida Vasco de Quiroga No. 15, Colonia Belisario Domínguez Sección XVI, Delegación Tlalpan C.P, 14080, Mexico City, Mexico.

Purpose Of Review: Many prognostic and predictive biomarkers have been proposed for chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). Here, we aim to discuss the evidence showing a prognostic potential for extracellular vesicles (EV) and their associated microRNAs (miRNAs).

Recent Findings: EV are produced by several cells in the body as a physiological event; however, there is evidence suggesting that an elevated EV concentration is present in the circulation of CLL patients. Read More

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Promoter hypermethylation of early B cell factor 1 (EBF1) is associated with cholangiocarcinoma progression.

J Cancer 2021 5;12(9):2673-2686. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of Environmental and Molecular Medicine, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, Mie 514-8507, Japan.

DNA hypermethylation in a promoter region causes gene silencing via epigenetic changes. We have previously reported that early B cell factor 1 (EBF1) was down-regulated in cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) tissues and related to tumor progression. Thus, we hypothesized that the DNA hypermethylation of EBF1 promoter would suppress EBF1 expression in CCA and induce its progression. Read More

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Vaccine-induced immune thrombotic thrombocytopenia (VITT): targeting pathomechanisms with Bruton tyrosine kinase inhibitors.

Thromb Haemost 2021 Apr 13. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Institute for Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease, Munich, Germany.

A series of cases with rare thromboembolic incidents including cerebral sinus vein thrombosis (some of them fatal) and concomitant thrombocytopenia occurring shortly after vaccination with the COVID-19 vaccine AZD1222 (Vaxzevria) has caused significant concern and led to its temporary suspension in many countries. Immediate laboratory efforts in four of these patients have identified a tentative pathomechanism underlying this syndrome termed vaccine-induced prothrombotic immune thrombocytopenia (VIPIT) or vaccine-induced thrombosis with thrombocytopenia (VITT), which encompasses the presence of platelet-activating antibodies to platelet-factor 4/heparin complexes, possibly emulated by polyanionic constituents of AZD1222, and thus resembles heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT). Because these immune complexes bind and activate platelets via Fcγ-receptor IIA (FcγRIIA), high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin G has been suggested for treatment of VIPIT in addition to non-heparin anticoagulants. Read More

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An Autoantigen-ome from HS-Sultan B-Lymphoblasts Offers a Molecular Map for Investigating Autoimmune Sequelae of COVID-19.

bioRxiv 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

To understand how COVID-19 may induce autoimmune diseases, we have been compiling an atlas of COVID-autoantigens (autoAgs). Using dermatan sulfate (DS) affinity enrichment of autoantigenic proteins extracted from HS-Sultan lymphoblasts, we identified 362 DS-affinity proteins, of which at least 201 (56%) are confirmed autoAgs. Comparison with available multi-omic COVID data shows that 315 (87%) of the 362 proteins are affected in SARS-CoV-2 infection via altered expression, interaction with viral components, or modification by phosphorylation or ubiquitination, at least 186 (59%) of which are known autoAgs. Read More

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Prognostic evidence of LEF1 isoforms in childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia.

Int J Lab Hematol 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Department of Genetics, Aziz Sancar Institute of Experimental Medicine, Istanbul University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Introduction: The lymphoid enhancer factor 1 (LEF1) is a DNA-binding transcription factor that functions in the Wnt signaling pathway. Increased LEF1 activity is associated with progression of several types of cancer including leukemia. Here, we investigated LEF1 isoform expression and genomic variations in acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). Read More

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The CXCL13 chemokine serves as a potential biomarker to diagnose systemic lupus erythematosus with disease activity.

Clin Exp Med 2021 Apr 12. Epub 2021 Apr 12.

Center of Clinical Laboratory, Zhongshan Hospital, School of Medicine, Xiamen University, Xiamen, 361004, China.

The aim of our study was to assess the regulatory response of the chemokine CXCL13 in the serum of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients with disease activity and to evaluate its influence on the inflammatory process in SLE. Serum samples from 97 SLE patients, 49 non-SLE patients (23 patients with other autoimmune diseases and 26 patients with rheumatoid arthritis) and 50 healthy controls were analyzed for the concentration of CXCL13 using ELISA. The results indicated that the serum levels of CXCL13 were significantly higher in SLE patients than in non-SLE patients and healthy controls (p < 0. Read More

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Licochalcone B Ameliorates Liver Cancer via Targeting of Apoptotic Genes, DNA Repair Systems, and Cell Cycle Control.

Iran J Pharm Res 2020 ;19(4):372-386

Department of Physiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafr El-Sheikh University, Egypt.

Apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease 1/redox factor-1 (APE1/Ref-1) is a ubiquitous multifunctional protein required in the DNA base excision repair pathway and a noteworthy reducing-oxidizing factor that regulates the activity of various transcription factors. Cyclin-dependent kinases (CDKs) assume a key role in directing the progression of the cell- cycle. The present study evaluated the synergistic efficacy of using licochalcone B (LCB) and fullerene C (FnC) nanoparticles against diethylnitrosamine (DEN)-induced hepatocarcinoma in rats and relevant signaling pathways, with APE1/Ref-1 and CDK-4, as novel anti-cancer- targeting. Read More

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January 2020

How the Signaling Crosstalk of B Cell Receptor (BCR) and Co-Receptors Regulates Antibody Class Switch Recombination: A New Perspective of Checkpoints of BCR Signaling.

Front Immunol 2021 25;12:663443. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Medicine, Division of Hematology and Oncology, UPMC Hillman Cancer Center, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, United States.

Mature B cells express B cell antigen receptor (BCR), toll-like receptors (TLR) and TNF family receptors including CD40 and B-cell activating factor receptor (BAFFR). These receptors transduce cellular signals to govern the physiological and pathological processes in B cells including B cell development and differentiation, survival, proliferation, and antibody-mediated immune responses as well as autoimmune diseases and B cell lymphomagenesis. Effective antibody-mediated immune responses require class switch recombination (CSR), a somatic DNA recombination event occurring at the immunoglobulin heavy chain () gene locus. Read More

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PNOC Expressed by B Cells in Cholangiocarcinoma Was Survival Related and LAIR2 Could Be a T Cell Exhaustion Biomarker in Tumor Microenvironment: Characterization of Immune Microenvironment Combining Single-Cell and Bulk Sequencing Technology.

Front Immunol 2021 24;12:647209. Epub 2021 Mar 24.

Liver Cancer Institute, Zhongshan Hospital, Fudan University and Key Laboratory of Carcinogenesis and Cancer Invasion, Ministry of Education, Shanghai, China.

Background: Cholangiocarcinoma was a highly malignant liver cancer with poor prognosis, and immune infiltration status was considered an important factor in response to immunotherapy. In this investigation, we tried to locate immune infiltration related genes of cholangiocarcinoma through combination of bulk-sequencing and single-cell sequencing technology.

Methods: Single sample gene set enrichment analysis was used to annotate immune infiltration status in datasets of TCGA CHOL, GSE32225, and GSE26566. Read More

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TNF receptor-associated factor 6 (TRAF6) plays crucial roles in multiple biological systems through polyubiquitination-mediated NF-κB activation.

Proc Jpn Acad Ser B Phys Biol Sci 2021 ;97(4):145-160

Research Platform Office, The Institute of Medical Science, The University of Tokyo.

NF-κB was first identified in 1986 as a B cell-specific transcription factor inducing immunoglobulin κ light chain expression. Subsequent studies revealed that NF-κB plays important roles in development, organogenesis, immunity, inflammation, and neurological functions by spatiotemporally regulating cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis in several cell types. Furthermore, studies on the signal pathways that activate NF-κB led to the discovery of TRAF family proteins with E3 ubiquitin ligase activity, which function downstream of the receptor. Read More

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January 2021

Effect of Shuangdan Mingmu capsule, a Chinese herbal formula, on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of pericytes through PARP/GAPDH pathway.

BMC Complement Med Ther 2021 Apr 10;21(1):118. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Hunan Provincial Key Laboratory for the Prevention and Treatment of Ophthalmology and Otolaryngology Diseases with Chinese Medicine, Hunan University of Chinese Medicine, Hanpu Rd., Yuelu District, Changsha, 410208, Hunan, China.

Background: Diabetic retinopathy (DR) has become a worldwide concern because of the rising prevalence rate of diabetes mellitus (DM). Despite much energy has been committed to DR research, it remains a difficulty for diabetic patients all over the world. Since apoptosis of retinal microvascular pericytes (RMPs) is the early characteristic of DR, this study aimed to reveal the mechanism of Shuangdan Mingmu (SDMM) capsule, a Chinese patent medicine, on oxidative stress-induced apoptosis of pericytes implicated with poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) / glyceraldehyde 3-phosphate dehydrogenase (GAPDH) pathway. Read More

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Identification of CXCL12-abundant reticular cells in human adult bone marrow.

Br J Haematol 2021 Apr 10. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Laboratory of Stem Cell Biology and Developmental Immunology, Immunology Frontier Research Center, World Premier International Research Center (WPI), Graduate School of Frontier Biosciences, Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita, Japan.

A population of mesenchymal stem cells, termed CXC chemokine ligand (CXCL)12-abundant reticular (CAR) cells or leptin receptor-expressing cells, are the major cellular component of niches for haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) in murine bone marrow. CAR cells are characterized by several salient features, including much higher expression of CXCL12, stem cell factor (SCF), forkhead box C1 (FOXC1) and early B-cell factor 3 (EBF3), which are essential for HSC maintenance, than other cells. However, the human counterpart of CAR cells has not been fully described. Read More

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First-Trimester Serum BAFF:sFlt-1 Ratio as a Candidate Early Biomarker of Spontaneous Abortions.

Am J Reprod Immunol 2021 Apr 9:e13428. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Los Angeles County + University of Southern California Medical Center and Keck School of Medicine of the University of Southern California, Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.

Problem: Immunologic, angiogenic, and anti-angiogenic factors are associated with spontaneous abortion (SAB). B-cell activating factor (BAFF), a proliferation-inducing ligand (APRIL), placental growth factor (PlGF), and soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1) may play a role in SAB and may serve singly or in combination as an early biomarker of SAB.

Method Of Study: In this prospective observational study, serum sFlt-1, PIGF, BAFF, and APRIL levels were measured in the first trimester of pregnancy in a medically-diverse group of women and in non-pregnant controls. Read More

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Highly pathogenic porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (HP-PRRSV) induces IL-6 production through TAK-1/JNK/AP-1 and TAK-1/NF-κB signaling pathways.

Vet Microbiol 2021 Mar 26;256:109061. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

State Key Laboratory of Agrobiotechnology, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China; Ministry of Agriculture Key Laboratory of Soil Microbiology, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China; Department of Microbiology and Immunology, College of Biological Sciences, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, China. Electronic address:

Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) mainly infects monocyte/macrophage lineage and regulates the production of cytokines to influence host immune responses. Interleukin-6 (IL-6) is originally identified as a B-cell stimulatory factor and has important functions in regulating immune response, hemopoiesis, and inflammation. In this study, we verified that highly pathogenic PRRSV (HP-PRRSV) infection up-regulated IL-6 production in vivo and in vitro. Read More

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Neuroprotective role of galantamine with/without physical exercise in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis in rats.

Life Sci 2021 Apr 6;277:119459. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Pharmacy, Pharos University in Alexandria, Alexandria, Egypt.

Aims: The fact that physical activity besides central cholinergic enhancement contributes in improving neuronal function and spastic plasticity, recommends the use of the anticholinesterase and cholinergic drug galantamine with/without exercise in the management of the experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) model of multiple sclerosis (MS).

Materials And Methods: Sedentary and 14 days exercised male Sprague Dawley rats were subjected to EAE. Hereafter, exercised rats continued on rotarod for 30 min for 17 consecutive days. Read More

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Thrombosis and Thrombocytopenia after ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 Vaccination.

N Engl J Med 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

From the Departments of Hematology (N.H.S., G.E.T., P.A.H.), Immunology (L.A.M., F.L.-J.), Neurosurgery (M.W.), Neurology (A.-H.A.), and Radiology and Nuclear Medicine (T.H.S.), and the Research Institute of Internal Medicine (N.H.S., A.E.M., P.A.H.), Oslo University Hospital, and the Faculty of Medicine (A.E.M., G.E.T., P.A.H.), the KG Jebsen Center for B Cell Malignancy (L.A.M., G.E.T.), Institute of Clinical Medicine, and the ImmunoLingo Convergence Center (F.L.-J.), University of Oslo, the Department of Hematology, Akershus University Hospital, Lørenskog (N.H.S.), and the Norwegian National Unit for Platelet Immunology, Division of Diagnostics, University Hospital of North Norway, Tromsø (I.H.S., M.T.A.) - all in Norway.

We report findings in five patients who presented with venous thrombosis and thrombocytopenia 7 to 10 days after receiving the first dose of the ChAdOx1 nCoV-19 adenoviral vector vaccine against coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19). The patients were health care workers who were 32 to 54 years of age. All the patients had high levels of antibodies to platelet factor 4-polyanion complexes; however, they had had no previous exposure to heparin. Read More

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The ameliorative role of Physalis pubescens L. against neurological impairment associated with streptozotocin induced diabetes in rats.

Metab Brain Dis 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, Cairo University, Giza, Egypt.

Neuropathy is considered a critical complication of diabetes mellitus (DM). Scientific studies are needed to relieve these painful complications. The current study aims to estimate the ameliorative role of Physalis juice (PJ) against neurological impairment in streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. Read More

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is a Novel Prognostic Marker for Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma.

Pharmgenomics Pers Med 2021 1;14:397-408. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

Department of Hematology, Beijing Hospital, National Center of Gerontology, Institute of Geriatric Medicine, Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences, Beijing, People's Republic of China.

Purpose: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common B-cell malignancy. Thirty to forty percent of DLBCL patients still experience relapse or develop refractory disease even with standard immunochemotherapy, leading to a poor prognosis. Currently, although several gene-based classification methods can be used to predict the prognosis of DLBCL, some patients are still unable to be classified. Read More

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Common low complexity regions for SARS-CoV-2 and human proteomes as potential multidirectional risk factor in vaccine development.

BMC Bioinformatics 2021 Apr 8;22(1):182. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Institute of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw, Poland.

Background: The rapid spread of the COVID-19 demands immediate response from the scientific communities. Appropriate countermeasures mean thoughtful and educated choice of viral targets (epitopes). There are several articles that discuss such choices in the SARS-CoV-2 proteome, other focus on phylogenetic traits and history of the Coronaviridae genome/proteome. Read More

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The protective effect of hydroxylated fullerene pretreatment on pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus.

Brain Res 2021 Apr 5:147468. Epub 2021 Apr 5.

The Department of Neurology, The Second Hospital of Hebei Medical University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei, People's Republic of China. Electronic address:

Status epilepticus (SE) is a neurological emergency. The pathological hallmark of neuronal damage after epileptic seizures could be the chain reaction of oxygen free radicals. Hydroxylated fullerenes (HFs) are novel and effective free radical scavengers, which play an important role in various neurological diseases. Read More

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Down-regulation of cylindromatosis protein phosphorylation by BTK inhibitor promotes apoptosis of non-GCB-diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

Cancer Cell Int 2021 Apr 7;21(1):195. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Hematology, Guangzhou Red Cross Hospital, Jinan University, No. 396 Tongfuzhong Road, Haizhu District, 510220, Guangzhou, Guangdong, People's Republic of China.

Background: Non-germinal center B-cell-like diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (non-GCB-DLBCL) has worse clinical outcome than GCB-DLBCL, and some relapsed/refractory non-GCB-DLBCL (R/R non-GCB-DLBCL) are even resistant to CD20 monoclonal antibody (rituximab). Bruton's tyrosine kinase inhibitors (BTKis) are new drugs for B-cell lymphoma. BTKis can promote apoptosis of DLBCL by inactivating nuclear transcription factor κB (NFκB) signaling pathway. Read More

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The Protective Effects of Apremilast Against Oxygen-Glucose Deprivation/Reperfusion (OGD/R)-Induced Inflammation and Apoptosis in Astroglia Mediated by CREB/BDNF.

Neurotox Res 2021 Apr 7. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Department of Pharmacy, Zaozhuang Municipal Hospital, Zaozhuang, 277100, Shandong, China.

Oxygen-glucose deprivation and reoxygenation (OGD/R)-induced impairment of astrocytes may lead to neuronal dysfunction in the central nervous system (CNS). Apremilast is a phosphodiesterase 4 (PDE4) inhibitor primarily used for the treatment of psoriasis and psoriatic arthritis that has demonstrated certain neuroprotective properties. PDE4 is an isoenzyme that degrades 3'-5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), which serves as a neuroprotective agent by promoting neuronal recovery through protein kinase (PKA)-mediated phosphorylation of cAMP response element-binding protein (CREB) and subsequent expression of the neurotrophic factor brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) and anti-apoptotic B cell lymphoma (Bcl-2). Read More

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