6,110 results match your criteria australians

LISTEN UP (Locally Integrated Screening and Testing Ear aNd aUral Programme): a feasibility study protocol for a community pharmacy-based ear health intervention.

Pilot Feasibility Stud 2021 Jun 14;7(1):124. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

College of Medicine and Dentistry, James Cook University, Townsville, QLD, Australia.

Background: Ear disease is a major cause of preventable hearing loss and is very common in rural communities, estimated to affect 1.3 million Australians. Rural community pharmacists are well placed to provide improved ear health care to people who are unable to easily access a general practitioner (GP). Read More

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Efficacy and safety of statins in ethnic differences: a lesson for application in Indigenous Australian patient care.

Pharmacogenomics 2021 Jun 14;22(9):553-571. Epub 2021 Jun 14.

UniSA Clinical & Health Science, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA 5000, Australia.

Although statins are effective in treating high cholesterol, adverse effects do occur with their use. Efficacy and tolerability vary among statins in different ethnic groups. Indigenous Australians have a high risk for cardiovascular and kidney diseases. Read More

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Tobacco purchasing motivations and behaviours in alcohol-licensed venues: a cross sectional survey of Australian young adults.

Health Promot J Austr 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The University of Sydney, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Sydney School of Public Health, Prevention Research Collaboration.

Issue Addressed: The widespread retail availability of tobacco contributes to increased tobacco consumption and undermines quit attempts. Given the ready availability of tobacco in alcohol-licensed venues which young adults frequent, tobacco sales in these venues are likely to influence the purchase and consumption of tobacco by young adults. This study aimed to investigate Australian young adults' tobacco purchasing motivations and behaviours in alcohol-licensed venues. Read More

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Colorectal cancer Outcomes in people with Severe Mental Illness Cohort (COSMIC): a protocol for an Australian retrospective cohort using linked administrative data.

BMJ Open 2021 06 8;11(6):e044737. Epub 2021 Jun 8.

School of Clinical Medicine, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

Introduction: Colorectal cancer (CRC) mortality is significantly higher in those with severe mental illness (SMI) compared with the general population, despite similar incidence rates, suggesting that barriers to optimal screening and cancer care may contribute to disparities in CRC mortality in those with SMI. This study aims to compare participation in Australia's National Bowel Cancer Screening Programme (NBCSP) in those with SMI and those in the general population. We will also investigate treatment pathways after diagnosis to determine whether treatment variations could explain differences in CRC mortality. Read More

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Psychometric Assessment of the Chinese Version of the Indian Vision Functioning Questionnaire Based on the Method of Successive Dichotomizations.

Transl Vis Sci Technol 2021 Jun;10(7)

Eye Hospital and School of Ophthalmology and Optometry, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to assess whether a Chinese translated version of the 33-item Indian Vision Function Questionnaire (IND-VFQ-33) forms a valid measurement scale and to evaluate its psychometric properties based on the method of successive dichotomizations (MSD).

Methods: The English version of the IND-VFQ-33 was translated, back translated, and cross-culturally adapted for use in China. It was interviewer administered to patients with cataracts. Read More

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Using social networking sites to recruit participants: methods of an online survey of sexual health, knowledge and behaviour of young South Australians.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Wardliparingga Aboriginal Health Equity, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, South Australia.

Objective: To describe the methods of recruitment and demographic results of an online sexual health survey using social networking sites (SNS) to recruit people aged 16-29 years in the state of South Australia (SA) during 2019.

Methods: A crosssectional online survey titled 'Let's Talk About It' using SNS (Facebook and Instagram) was administered between July and August 2019, targeting Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander and non-Indigenous young people. The survey comprised questions on demographics information, sexual health knowledge, behaviours and healthcare access. Read More

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A community-led design for an Indigenous Model of Mental Health Care for Indigenous people with depressive disorders.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Rural Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, The University of Queensland.

Objective: To generate outcomes for the development of a culturally appropriate mental health treatment model for Indigenous Australians with depression.

Methods: Three focus group sessions and two semi-structured interviews were undertaken over six months across regional and rural locations in South West Queensland. Data were transcribed verbatim and coded using manual thematic analyses. Read More

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Holistic approach supporting mental wellbeing of people in enforced quarantine in South Australia during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Aust N Z J Public Health 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

SA Health, South Australia.

Objectives: To report the experience of quarantine for international arrivals to South Australia requiring quarantine in a medi-hotel setting during the COVID-19 pandemic and to describe the range of evidence-based support services to mitigate the mental health impacts of quarantine.

Methods: A range of services targeted at physical and mental wellbeing were provided. Data from 533 adult respondents out of 721 passengers were included. Read More

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Switching, Persistence and Adherence to Statin Therapy: a Retrospective Cohort Study Using the Australian National Pharmacy Data.

Cardiovasc Drugs Ther 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, 553 St Kilda Rd, Melbourne, 3004, Australia.

Background: Statins are widely prescribed for the primary and secondary prevention of cardiovascular disease (CVD), but their effectiveness is dependent on the level of adherence and persistence.

Objectives: This study aimed to explore the patterns of switching, adherence and persistence among the Australian general population with newly dispensed statins.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study was conducted using a random sample of data from the Australian national prescription claims data. Read More

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Factors Predicting Trial Engagement, Treatment Satisfaction, and Health-Related Quality of Life During a Web-Based Treatment and Social Networking Trial for Binge Drinking and Depression in Young Adults: Secondary Analysis of a Randomized Controlled Trial.

JMIR Ment Health 2021 Jun 7;8(6):e23986. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Centre for Brain and Mental Health Research, School of Medicine and Public Health, The University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.

Background: Mental health and alcohol use problems are among the most common causes of disease burden in young Australians, frequently co-occur (comorbidity), and lead to significant lifetime burden. However, comorbidities remain significantly underdetected and undertreated in health settings. Digital mental health tools designed to identify at-risk individuals, encourage help-seeking, or deliver treatment for comorbidity have the potential to address this service gap. Read More

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Mental Health Consequences of Adversity in Australia: National Bushfires Associated With Increased Depressive Symptoms, While COVID-19 Pandemic Associated With Increased Symptoms of Anxiety.

Front Psychol 2021 19;12:635158. Epub 2021 May 19.

School of Psychological Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

High quality monitoring of mental health and well-being over an extended period is essential to understand how communities respond to the COVID-19 pandemic and how to best tailor interventions. Multiple community threats may also have cumulative impact on mental health, so examination across several contexts is important. The objective of this study is to report on changes in mental health and well-being in response to the Australian bushfires and COVID-19 pandemic. Read More

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Increasing incidence of invasive group A streptococcal disease in Western Australia, particularly among Indigenous people.

Med J Aust 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

The University of Western Australia, Perth, WA.

Objective: To quantify the burden of invasive group A Streptococcus (GAS) disease in Western Australia during 2000-2018.

Design, Setting: Population-based data linkage study: Hospital Morbidity Data Collection (HMDC; all WA public and private hospital records), PathWest pathology data (government-owned pathology services provider), and death registrations.

Participants: People with invasive GAS disease, defined by an isolate from a normally sterile site (PathWest) or a hospital-based principal ICD-10-AM diagnosis code (HMDC). Read More

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Is there a relationship between sagittal cervical spine mobility and generalised joint hypermobility? A cross-sectional study of 1000 healthy Australians.

Physiotherapy 2021 Jan 2;112:150-157. Epub 2021 Jan 2.

The University of Sydney, School of Medical Sciences, Faculty of Medicine and Health, Camperdown, NSW 2006, Australia. Electronic address:

Objectives: The primary aim was to determine the association between sagittal cervical mobility and the presence and extent of GJH across the lifespan. Secondary aims were to determine which features explain variability in cervical range of motion (CROM) and to establish the sagittal cervical hypermobile range in both genders across the lifespan.

Design: Cross-sectional observational study. Read More

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January 2021

Health and wellness in the Australian coal mining industry: A cross sectional analysis of baseline findings from the RESHAPE workplace wellness program.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(6):e0252802. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Centre for Resources Health and Safety, College of Health, Medicine and Wellbeing, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, Australia.

Overweight and obesity has reach pandemic levels, with two-thirds (67%) of adult Australians classified as overweight or obese. As two of the most significant behavioral risk factors for obesity are modifiable (diet and exercise), there exists an opportunity for treatment through workplace health promotion initiatives. As one of Australia's largest industries with its own unique workplace factors, the mining industry has previously reported higher than population levels of overweight and obesity. Read More

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Cohort profile: indigenous human papillomavirus and oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma study - a prospective longitudinal cohort.

BMJ Open 2021 06 3;11(6):e046928. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Cancer Research Division, Cancer Council New South Wales, Woolloomooloo, New South Wales, Australia.

Purpose: Our aims are to: (1) estimate prevalence, incidence, clearance and persistence of oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among Indigenous Australians; (2) identify risk factors associated with oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC)-related HPV types (HPV 16 or 18); (3) develop HPV-related health state valuations and; (4) determine the impact on OPSCC and cervical cancers, and the cost-effectiveness of extending publicly-funded HPV vaccination among Indigenous Australians.

Participants: Participants were recruited from February 2018 to January 2019. Twelve-month follow-up occurred from March 2019 to March 2020. Read More

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My home in later life: A phenomenographic study of older adults' experience of home.

J Aging Stud 2021 Jun 8;57:100935. Epub 2021 May 8.

Institute for Future Environments, Queensland University of Technology, 2 George St, Brisbane, 4000, Queensland, Australia. Electronic address:

Home environments are especially important for older adults whose lives are more home-based than earlier life stages. Despite a focus on ageing in place, there often remains a mismatch between housing options prioritised by government and industry, and the needs and preferences of older adults. This paper considers the breadth of home environments experienced by diverse older Australians and highlights the varied ways they use and think about their homes. Read More

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Impact of interdisciplinary approaches to deprescribing psychotropics on clinical outcomes in older residents of long-term care facilities.

Int Psychogeriatr 2021 Jun 3:1-4. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

University of South Australia, UniSA Allied Health and Human Performance, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

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Associations between fruit intake and risk of diabetes in the AusDiab cohort.

J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2021 Jun 2. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, Australia.

Background: Fruit, but not fruit juice, intake is inversely associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). However, questions remain about the mechanisms by which fruits may confer protection. Aims were to examine associations between intake of fruit types and 1) measures of glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity and 2) diabetes at follow-up. Read More

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The Experiences and Perspectives of African-Australian Community Service Providers Who Work with At-Risk and Justice-Involved Youth.

Int J Offender Ther Comp Criminol 2021 Jun 2:306624X211022652. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Victorian Public Service Officer & Community Advocate, Williams Landing, VIC, Australia.

African-Australian young people are over-represented in custody in the state of Victoria. It has been recognized in recent government and stakeholder strategic plans that African-Australian community service providers are well placed to help address the increasing complex needs of at-risk African-Australian youth. However little is known about the capacities of such providers to effectively contend with this growing social concern. Read More

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Mental Health of Young Australians during the COVID-19 Pandemic: Exploring the Roles of Employment Precarity, Screen Time, and Contact with Nature.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 05 25;18(11). Epub 2021 May 25.

Faculty of Health & Medical Sciences, School of Public Health, The University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is widely understood to have contributed to mental health problems. In Australia, young people (18-24 years) have been disproportionately affected. To date, research has predominantly focused on the presence or absence of mental illness symptoms, while aspects of mental well-being have been overlooked. Read More

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Correlations between Self-Reported Cooking Confidence and Creativity and Use of Convenience Cooking Products in an Australian Cohort.

Nutrients 2021 May 19;13(5). Epub 2021 May 19.

School of Environmental and Life Sciences, The University of Newcastle, Ourimbah, NSW 2258, Australia.

Background: Most Australians do not meet vegetable intake recommendations. Vegetables are most often consumed in evening meals. However, they often require preparation and therefore cooking skills. Read More

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Willingness to Vaccinate against COVID-19 Declines in Australia, Except in Lockdown Areas.

Vaccines (Basel) 2021 May 10;9(5). Epub 2021 May 10.

Appleton Institute, Central Queensland University, Rockhampton 4701, Australia.

This study investigates changes in willingness to vaccinate against COVID-19 and the effect of the extended restrictions in metropolitan Victoria on this change. Longitudinal and repeated cross-sectional data were collected from online surveys distributed in April, between July and August, and December 2020. Australian adults who were ≥18 years old were recruited through email lists, social media networks, and paid Facebook advertisement. Read More

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Measurement Invariance in the Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression (CES-D) Scale among English-Speaking Whites and Asians.

Tsukasa Kato

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 May 16;18(10). Epub 2021 May 16.

Department of Social Psychology, Toyo University, 5-28-20 Hakusan, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 112-8606, Japan.

The Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression (CES-D) Scale has been widely used to measure depressive symptoms. This study compared the measurement invariances for one-, two-, three-, and four-factor models of the CES-D across English-speaking Whites and Asians: White Americans, White Australians, Indians, Filipinos, and Singaporeans. White Americans and Australians, Indians, Filipinos, and Singaporeans English speakers (782 men and 824 women) whose ages ranged from 20 to 79 years, completed the CES-D. Read More

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The Contribution of Foods Prepared Outside the Home to the Diets of 18- to 30-Year-Old Australians: The MYMeals Study.

Nutrients 2021 May 21;13(6). Epub 2021 May 21.

Charles Perkins Centre, Nutrition and Dietetics Group, School of Life and Environmental Sciences, The University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia.

Young adults are the highest consumers of food prepared outside home (FOH) and gain most weight among Australian adults. One strategy to address the obesogenic food environment is menu labelling legislation whereby outlets with >20 stores in one state and >50 Australia-wide must display energy content in kJ. The aim of this study was to assess the contribution of FOH to the energy and macronutrients, saturated fat, total sugars and sodium intakes of young Australians. Read More

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Immunising older Australians: Pre-COVID-19 vaccine perspectives from general practice training.

Aust J Gen Pract 2021 06;50(6):388-393

MD, MSc, PhD, FRACGP, Emeritus Professor, Primary Care Clinical Unit, University of Queensland, Qld.

Background And Objectives: Immunisation uptake in Australian older adults is suboptimal. General practice registrars are responsible for a significant proportion of immunisations in this age group and are also in the process of developing patterns of practice. Despite their role, little is known about general practice registrars' attitudes towards immunisation of older adults, the barriers faced, and the role supervisors play in developing adult immunisation skills. Read More

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Effect of Dementia on Outcomes After Surgically Treated Hip Fracture in Older Adults.

J Arthroplasty 2021 Apr 30. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Rehabilitation, Aged and Extended Care, Flinders University, Flinders Medical Centre, Australia.

Background: Hip fractures are associated with increased mortality and functional limitations. However, the effect that dementia has on these outcomes in individuals in aged care settings after fracture is not well established. This study examined the association of dementia with post-hip fracture mortality, permanent residential aged care entry, transition care use, and change in activities of daily living (ADL) needs. Read More

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Measurement properties of the 12-item Short Form Health Survey version 2 in Australians with lung cancer: a Rasch analysis.

Health Qual Life Outcomes 2021 May 31;19(1):157. Epub 2021 May 31.

Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: The 12-item Short-Form Health Survey version 2 (SF-12v2), a widely used, generic patient-reported measure of health status that provides summary scores of physical and mental health. No study to date has examined the measurement properties of the SF-12v2 in patients with lung cancer using Rasch analysis. The aim of this study was to extend the psychometric evaluations of the SF-12 within the lung cancer population to ensure its validity and reliability to assess the health status in this population. Read More

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Approach Coping Mitigates Distress of COVID-19 Isolation for Young Men With Low Well-Being in a Sample of 1,749 Youth From Australia and the USA.

Front Psychiatry 2021 28;12:634925. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Neuroscience Research Australia (NeuRA), Sydney, NSW, Australia.

The unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic has led to lockdowns across the world with people being separated from their loved ones including partners, family, and friends. Here, using a large sample of 1,749 Australians and Americans, we investigated the impact of COVID-19 isolation on younger populations (13-25 years), and the influence of coping strategies and mental well-being on this impact. Overall, COVID-19 isolation had a more negative impact on adolescence (13-17 years) than young adulthood (18-25 years), but with no difference apparent between men and women, or between Australian and American residents. Read More

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Evaluating human-centred design for public health: a case study on developing a healthcare app with refugee communities.

Res Involv Engagem 2021 May 30;7(1):32. Epub 2021 May 30.

Public Health Leadership Program, Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, USA.

Background: Australian women from migrant and refugee communities experience reduced access to sexual and reproductive healthcare. Human-centred design can be a more ethical and effective approach to developing health solutions with underserved populations that are more likely to experience significant disadvantage or social marginalisation. This study aimed to evaluate how well Shifra, a small Australian-based not-for-profit, applied human-centred design when developing a web-based application that delivers local, evidence-based and culturally relevant health information to its non-English speaking users. Read More

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