4,959 results match your criteria australian men

Spatial and temporal epidemiology of infectious syphilis in Victoria, Australia, 2015-2018.

Sex Transm Dis 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Central Clinical School, Faculty of Medicine, Nursing and Health Sciences, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Department of Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Microbiological Diagnostic Unit Public Health Laboratory, Department of Microbiology and Immunology, The University of Melbourne at The Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Centre for Excellence in Rural Sexual Health, Melbourne Medical School, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Centre for Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Abstract: This analysis of notified syphilis cases in Victoria, Australia between 2015 and 2018 shows the syphilis epidemic in Victoria has become more generalised, with increases among heterosexual men and women residing in outer Melbourne suburbs - areas that differ from those of gay men. Read More

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Association between heavy metals and colon cancer: an ecological study based on geographical information systems in North-Eastern Iran.

BMC Cancer 2021 Apr 15;21(1):414. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Pharmaceutical Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran.

Background: Colorectal cancer has increased in Middle Eastern countries and exposure to environmental pollutants such as heavy metals has been implicated. However, data linking them to this disease are generally lacking. This study aimed to explore the spatial pattern of age-standardized incidence rate (ASR) of colon cancer and its potential association with the exposure level of the amount of heavy metals existing in rice produced in north-eastern Iran. Read More

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Gender-related neuroanatomical differences in alcohol dependence: findings from the ENIGMA Addiction Working Group.

Neuroimage Clin 2021 Mar 22;30:102636. Epub 2021 Mar 22.

Neuroscience of Addiction and Mental Health Program, Healthy Brain and Mind Research Centre, School of Behavioural & Health Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia. Electronic address:

Gender-related differences in the susceptibility, progression and clinical outcomes of alcohol dependence are well-known. However, the neurobiological substrates underlying such differences remain unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to investigate gender differences in the neuroanatomy (i. Read More

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Characteristics of heterosexually-acquired compared to homosexually-acquired HIV and implications for clinical practice: results from the Australian HIV Observational Database.

AIDS Care 2021 Apr 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Apr 15.

Department of Sexual Health Medicine, Sydney Local Health District, Sydney, Australia.

Heterosexuals living with HIV report feeling additional HIV stigma compared to homosexual men, which may affect clinical outcomes. Yet, beyond routinely collected surveillance data, little is known about the characteristics of individuals who acquire HIV heterosexually and clinical outcomes by mode of sexual acquisition have not been directly compared. Using data from the Australian HIV Observational Database, we compared clinical characteristics of those with heterosexually-acquired (Het-HIV) to homosexually-acquired HIV (Hom-HIV) to investigate any differences and their implications for clinical management. Read More

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Calcium/Calmodulin-Dependent Protein Kinase II Delta Inhibition and Ventricular Remodeling After Myocardial Infarction: A Randomized Clinical Trial.

JAMA Cardiol 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Armaron Bio, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Importance: After anterior ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), left ventricular (LV) remodeling results in heart failure and death. Calcium/calmodulin-dependent protein kinase II delta (CaMKIId) is a key molecular mediator of adverse LV remodeling.

Objective: To determine whether NP202, an orally active inhibitor of CaMKIId, prevents LV remodeling in patients after anterior STEMI with early residual LV dysfunction. Read More

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Asking the Right Questions: Screening Men for Partner Violence.

J Interpers Violence 2021 Apr 13:8862605211005155. Epub 2021 Apr 13.

MAP Centre for Urban Health Solutions, St. Michael's Hospital Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

With lifetime intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization rates for self-identified men between 14% and 20%, and an expanding understanding of gender as a nonbinary construct, practitioners in some clinical environments have expressed interest in screening all patients for IPV. Yet, few IPV screening instruments have been validated for use in nonfemale populations. This research tests the appropriateness and acceptability of a screening instrument developed for use with women. Read More

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An international comparison of HIV prevalence and incidence in blood donors and general population: a BEST Collaborative study.

Vox Sang 2021 Apr 9. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Établissement Français du Sang, La Plaine Saint-Denis, France.

Background And Objectives: Efficiency in mitigating HIV transmission risk by transfusion may vary internationally. We compared HIV prevalence and incidence in blood donors across different jurisdictions in relation to those rates in the general population and differences in deferral practices.

Materials And Methods: Data from 2007 to 2016 were collected in Australia, Brazil (São Paulo), Canada, England, France, Italy, Ireland, Japan, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain (Basque Country), USA (Vitalant) and Wales. Read More

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Uncovering the Bone-Muscle Interaction and Its Implications for the Health and Function of Older Adults (the Wellderly Project): Protocol for a Randomized Controlled Crossover Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Apr 9;10(4):e18777. Epub 2021 Apr 9.

Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science, University of Melbourne and Western Health, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Background: Bone and muscle are closely linked anatomically, biochemically, and metabolically. Acute exercise affects both bone and muscle, implying a crosstalk between the two systems. However, how these two systems communicate is still largely unknown. Read More

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Association of sex differences in dementia risk factors with sex differences in memory decline in a population-based cohort spanning 20-76 years.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 8;11(1):7710. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Psychology, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada.

Sex differences in late-life memory decline may be explained by sex differences in dementia risk factors. Episodic memory and dementia risk factors were assessed in young, middle-aged and older adults over 12 years in a population-based sample (N = 7485). For men in midlife and old age, physical, cognitive and social activities were associated with less memory decline, and financial hardship was associated with more. Read More

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Sarcopenia Definitions as Predictors of Fracture Risk Independent of FRAX , Falls, and BMD in the Osteoporotic Fractures in Men (MrOS) Study: A Meta-Analysis.

J Bone Miner Res 2021 Apr 8. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Centre for Metabolic Bone Diseases, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK.

Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA)-derived appendicular lean mass/height (ALM/ht ) is the most commonly used estimate of muscle mass in the assessment of sarcopenia, but its predictive value for fracture is substantially attenuated by femoral neck (fn) bone mineral density (BMD). We investigated predictive value of 11 sarcopenia definitions for incident fracture, independent of fnBMD, fracture risk assessment tool (FRAX ) probability, and prior falls, using an extension of Poisson regression in US, Sweden, and Hong Kong Osteoporois Fractures in Men Study (MrOS) cohorts. Definitions tested were those of Baumgartner and Delmonico (ALM/ht only), Morley, the International Working Group on Sarcopenia, European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP1 and 2), Asian Working Group on Sarcopenia, Foundation for the National Institutes of Health (FNIH) 1 and 2 (using ALM/body mass index [BMI], incorporating muscle strength and/or physical performance measures plus ALM/ht ), and Sarcopenia Definitions and Outcomes Consortium (gait speed and grip strength). Read More

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Prevalence of overweight and obesity, and associations with socio-demographic factors in Kuwait.

BMC Public Health 2021 Apr 7;21(1):667. Epub 2021 Apr 7.

Australian Geospatial Health Laboratory, Health Research Institute, University of Canberra, Canberra, Australia.

Background: Kuwait is amongst countries in the Gulf region with high income economy. According to the World Health Organisation (WHO), one in five adults in the Gulf region is obese. This study sought to evaluate the prevalence and magnitude of association between overweight, obesity, central obesity, and socio-demographic factors in Kuwait. Read More

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Predicting Outcomes in Men With Metastatic Nonseminomatous Germ Cell Tumors (NSGCT): Results From the IGCCCG Update Consortium.

J Clin Oncol 2021 Apr 6:JCO2003296. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

University Department of Medical Oncology, Inselspital, University Hospital, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Purpose: The classification of the International Germ Cell Cancer Collaborative Group (IGCCCG) plays a pivotal role in the management of metastatic germ cell tumors but relies on data of patients treated between 1975 and 1990.

Materials And Methods: Data on 9,728 men with metastatic nonseminomatous germ cell tumors treated with cisplatin- and etoposide-based first-line chemotherapy between 1990 and 2013 were collected from 30 institutions or collaborative groups in Europe, North America, and Australia. Clinical trial and registry data were included. Read More

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A rare variant in EZH2 is associated with prostate cancer risk.

Int J Cancer 2021 Apr 6. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, Tasmania, Australia.

Prostate cancer (PrCa) is highly heritable, and although rare variants contribute significantly to PrCa risk, few have been identified to date. Herein, whole-genome sequencing was performed in a large PrCa family featuring multiple affected relatives spanning several generations. A rare, predicted splice site EZH2 variant, rs78589034 (G > A), was identified as segregating with disease in all but two individuals in the family, one of whom was affected with lymphoma and bowel cancer and a female relative. Read More

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Efficacy of medical treatments for vernal keratoconjunctivitis: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

J Allergy Clin Immunol 2021 Apr 2. Epub 2021 Apr 2.

Physiological and Psychosocial Stress, LaPSCo, CNRS, Université Clermont Auvergne, Clermont-Ferrand, France. Preventive and Occupational Medicine, CHU Clermont-Ferrand, University Hospital of Clermont-Ferrand, Witty Fit, Clermont-Ferrand, France; Australian Catholic University, Faculty of Health, School of Exercise Science, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) is a severe type of allergic conjunctivitis for which treatment strategies are still under debate.

Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy of medical treatments for VKC.

Methods: The PubMed, Cochrane Library, Embase, and ScienceDirect databases were searched to assess the efficacy of treatments for VKC. Read More

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Sext Dissemination: Differences across Nations in Motivations and Associations.

Int J Environ Res Public Health 2021 Mar 2;18(5). Epub 2021 Mar 2.

School of Psychology, Deakin University, 1 Gheringhap Street, Geelong 3220, Australia.

Sext dissemination presents policy and legislative challenges given its potential psychological, social, and legal harms. We report on a cross-national comparison of sext-image dissemination in a large sample of 1148 young adults aged 18-29 years (M = 22.54, SD = 2. Read More

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VO and 24-hour sleep, sedentary behaviour and physical activity in Australian truck drivers.

Scand J Med Sci Sports 2021 Apr 1. Epub 2021 Apr 1.

The University of Queensland, Centre for Research on Exercise, Physical Activity, and Health, School of Human Movement and Nutrition Sciences, St Lucia Campus, Brisbane, Australia.

This study assessed cardio-respiratory fitness (CRF), and 24-hour sleep, sedentary behaviour (SB) and physical activity (PA) in Australian truck drivers. Participants (n=37 men) attended clinic sessions for an exercise test to exhaustion to establish CRF, and wore an accelerometer (ActigraphGT3X+) to estimate sleep, SB, and PA. Relative to normative values, CRF was 'below percentile 25' in 51% of drivers (mean [SD] VO = 30. Read More

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Utility of venous blood gases for the assessment of traumatic shock: a prospective observational study.

Emerg Med J 2021 Mar 31. Epub 2021 Mar 31.

Department of Trauma, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, New South Wales, Australia.

Background: ABG samples are often obtained in trauma patients to assess shock severity. Venous blood gas (VBG) sampling, which is less invasive, has been widely used to assess other forms of shock. The study aim was to determine the agreement between VBG and ABG measurements in trauma. Read More

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Changes in Sexual Behaviour Following PrEP Initiation Among Australian Gay and Bisexual Men in Relationships: Results from a Prospective Observational Study.

AIDS Behav 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Kirby Institute, UNSW Sydney, Level 6, Wallace Wurth Building, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

Few studies have examined changes in sexual behaviour following HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) initiation among gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (GBM) in relationships. In a national, online, prospective study of GBM in Australia, we compared sexual behaviours prior to and after PrEP initiation among HIV-negative and unknown-HIV-status men (recruited 2014-2017) not taking PrEP at baseline and who completed at least one six-monthly follow-up by July 2018. Among men in relationships who did not initiate PrEP (n = 339), we compared their most recent survey to their prior one, while among men in relationships who initiated PrEP (n = 81), we compared follow-ups before and after PrEP initiation. Read More

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Timing of primary syphilis treatment and impact on the development of treponemal antibodies: a cross-sectional clinic-based study.

Sex Transm Infect 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Carlton, Victoria, Australia.

Background: Serology is negative in a proportion of primary syphilis cases where PCR testing is positive. We aimed to identify discordant, PCR-positive, serology-negative primary syphilis cases and any clinical or laboratory factors associated with failure to subsequently seroconvert.

Methods: Serodiscordant primary syphilis cases that were PCR-positive and serology-negative (including rapid plasma reagin, particle agglutination, enzyme immunoassay or chemiluminescence assay) were identified from the Melbourne Sexual Health Centre electronic records between April 2011 and December 2019. Read More

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What predicts consumer experience in residential aged care? An analysis of consumer experience report data.

Aust Health Rev 2021 Mar 30. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

ObjectivesThis study explored whether consumer experience report (CER) data from residential aged care services (RACSs) could be combined into a general factor and determined whether poor experience in RACSs could be predicted by known resident or home characteristics or sampling procedures.MethodsCER data collected by structured interviews in 2018 and early 2019 were analysed using structural equation modelling and linear regression analysis.ResultsData were available from 17194 interviews undertaken at 1159 RACSs. Read More

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Long-term exposure to outdoor air pollution and risk factors for cardiovascular disease within a cohort of older men in Perth.

PLoS One 2021 29;16(3):e0248931. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

School of Population and Global Health, The University of Western Australia, Perth, Australia.

While there is clear evidence that high levels of pollution are associated with increased all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality and morbidity, the biological mechanisms that would explain this association are less understood. We examined the association between long-term exposure to air pollutants and risk factors associated with cardiovascular disease. Air pollutant concentrations were estimated at place of residence for cohort members in the Western Australian Centre for Health and Ageing Health in Men Study. Read More

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Association of habitual intake of fruits and vegetables with depressive symptoms: the AusDiab study.

Eur J Nutr 2021 Mar 29. Epub 2021 Mar 29.

Institute for Nutrition Research, School of Medical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University, Perth, WA, Australia.

Purpose: To investigate the relationship of habitual FV intake, different types of FV, and vegetable diversity with depressive symptoms.

Methods: Australian men and women (n = 4105) aged > 25 years from the Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study were included. Dietary intake was assessed using a Food Frequency Questionnaire at baseline, 5 and 12 years. Read More

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Differences between men and women in the use of preventive medications following a major cardiovascular event: Australian prospective cohort study.

Prev Med Rep 2021 Jun 7;22:101342. Epub 2021 Mar 7.

National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, 62 Mills Road, Acton, ACT 2601 Australia.

Most cardiovascular disease (CVD) events can be prevented with appropriate risk management. Existing evidence suggests women are less likely than men to receive guideline-recommended medications, however data on sex-differences in preventive medication use following a CVD event are lacking. Relative risks (RRs) comparing use of blood pressure- and lipid-lowering medications in men and women at 3-, 6-, 9- and 12-months following hospitalisation for myocardial infarction (MI) or stroke from 2012 to 2017 were quantified using linked data from 8,278 participants enrolled in the Australian 45 and Up Study. Read More

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Stigma as understood by key informants: A social ecological approach to gay and bisexual men's use of crystal methamphetamine for sex.

Int J Drug Policy 2021 Mar 25;94:103229. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Centre for Social Research in Health, UNSW Sydney, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia.

This paper explores the perceptions of 35 key informants (KIs) in a range of relevant health and community sectors regarding the stigmatisation of GBM's crystal methamphetamine use and sexual practice with view to informing stigma reduction efforts. A modified social ecological model was used to guide analysis and interpretation. At the individual level, KI participants indicated that crystal methamphetamine was used by some GBM to reduce the effects of internalised stigma. Read More

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Association between serum interleukin-6 and frailty in older men: cross-sectional data.

Eur Geriatr Med 2021 Mar 27. Epub 2021 Mar 27.

IMPACT - The Institute for Mental and Physical Health and Clinical Translation, School of Medicine, Deakin University, (Barwon Health), PO Box 281, Geelong, VIC, 3220, Australia.

Purpose: To investigate the association between serum interleukin-6 (IL-6) and frailty.

Methods: Participants were 581 men aged 60-90 yr (median (IQR): 74 yr (67-83 yr)) from the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Tallies of ≥ 3, 1-2 and 0 for weight loss/exhaustion/physical-inactivity/slowness/weakness indicated frailty, pre-frailty and robustness, respectively. Read More

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Low incidence of hepatitis C among a cohort of HIV-negative gay and bisexual men using HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in Melbourne, Australia, and the contribution of sexual transmission.

J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr 2021 Mar 23. Epub 2021 Mar 23.

Central Clinical School, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Department of Infectious Diseases, The Alfred Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, Alfred Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia, Kirby Institute, UNSW, Sydney, NSW, Australia Burnet Institute, Prahran, Victoria, Australia School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, Victoria, Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Department of Gender and Cultural Studies, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia, School of Psychology and Public Health, La Trobe University, Australia Royal Melbourne Hospital, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.

Background: PrEPX was an Australian HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) study conducted between 2016 and 2018. This analysis aimed to estimate hepatitis C (HCV) incidence and explore likely modes of transmission.

Setting: Cohort study of PrEP users in Victoria, Australia. Read More

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Human papillomavirus prevalence among men who have sex with men in China: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

School of Public Health (Shenzhen), Sun Yat-sen University, Shenzhen, China.

Human papillomavirus (HPV) infection among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China is underreported. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to clarify site-specific HPV prevalence among MSM in China. We searched both English and Chinese databases for all studies published before April 1, 2020, that reported HPV prevalence among MSM in China. Read More

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Bisexual Men Living with HIV: Wellbeing, Connectedness and the Impact of Stigma.

AIDS Behav 2021 Mar 26. Epub 2021 Mar 26.

Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health and Society, La Trobe University, Building NR6, Bundoora, Melbourne, VIC, 3086, Australia.

Social research with people living with HIV (PLHIV) rarely distinguishes between gay men and bisexual men. However, bisexual men may have unique experiences of HIV-related stigma and distinct support needs. In this paper, findings are presented from a cross-sectional survey of Australian PLHIV, which included the Berger (HIV) stigma scale. Read More

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Sedentary behaviour and bone health in older adults: a systematic review.

Osteoporos Int 2021 Mar 25. Epub 2021 Mar 25.

Department of Physical Activity for Health, School of Psychological Sciences and Health, University of Strathclyde, Glasgow, UK.

Older adults spend more than 8 h/day in sedentary behaviours. Detrimental effects of sedentary behaviour (SB) on health are established, yet little is known about SB and bone health (bone mineral density; BMD) in older adults. The purpose of this review is to examine associations of SB with BMD in older adults. Read More

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