14,432 results match your criteria auditory attention

Attention modulates repetition effects in a context of low periodicity.

Brain Res 2021 Jun 9:147559. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS), Integrative Neuroscience and Cognition Center (INCC), Unité Mixte de Recherche, 8002, 75006 Paris, France; Université de Paris, 75006 Paris, France; Fondation Ophtalmologique Rothschild, Paris, France. Electronic address:

Stimulus repetition can result in a reduction in neural responses (i.e., repetition suppression) in neuroimaging studies. Read More

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Balanced Growth project: a protocol of a single-centre observational study on the involvement of the vestibular system in a child's motor and cognitive development.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 11;11(6):e049165. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Ghent University Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Ghent, Belgium.

Introduction: The involvement of the vestibular system in the motor and higher (cognitive) performances of typically developing or vestibular-impaired children is currently unknown or has only scarcely been explored. Interestingly, arguments for an interaction between vestibular, motor and cognitive functions in children can also be supported by research on children known for their difficulties in motor and/or cognitive processing (eg, children with neurodevelopmental disorders (NDD)), as they often present with vestibular-like characteristics. Therefore, in order to elucidate this interaction, and to increase the understanding of the pathophysiology and symptomatology of vestibular disorders and NDD in children, the Balanced Growth project was developed. Read More

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Temporal attention selectively enhances target features.

J Vis 2021 Jun;21(6)

Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Boston University, Boston, MA, USA.

Temporal attention, the allocation of attention to a moment in time, improves perception. Here, we examined the computational mechanism by which temporal attention improves perception, under a divisive normalization framework. Under this framework, attention can improve perception of a target signal in three ways: stimulus enhancement (increasing gain across all sensory channels), signal enhancement (selectively increasing gain in channels that encode the target stimulus), or external noise exclusion (reducing the gain in channels that encode irrelevant features). Read More

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Attentional Modulation of Hierarchical Speech Representations in a Multitalker Environment.

Cereb Cortex 2021 Jun 11. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Neuroscience Program, Sabuncu Brain Research Center, Bilkent University, Ankara TR-06800, Turkey.

Humans are remarkably adept in listening to a desired speaker in a crowded environment, while filtering out nontarget speakers in the background. Attention is key to solving this difficult cocktail-party task, yet a detailed characterization of attentional effects on speech representations is lacking. It remains unclear across what levels of speech features and how much attentional modulation occurs in each brain area during the cocktail-party task. Read More

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The role of attention and explicit knowledge in perceiving bistable auditory input.

Psychophysiology 2021 Jun 10:e13875. Epub 2021 Jun 10.

Department of Neuroscience, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

The auditory system frequently encounters ambiguous sound input that can be perceived in multiple ways. The current study investigated the role of explicit knowledge in modulating how sounds are represented in auditory memory for a bistable sound sequence that could be perceived equally as integrated or segregated. We hypothesized that the dominant percept of the bistable sequence would suppress representation of the alternative perceptual organization as a function of how much top-down knowledge the listener had about the structure of the sequence. Read More

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Brain Connect 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

University of Cape Town, 37716, Biomedical Engineering Research Centre, Division of Biomedical Engineering, Department of Human Biology, Observatory, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa.

Introduction: Even with the increased access and early initiation of combination antiretroviral therapy (cART), children with perinatally acquired HIV (CPHIV) continue to demonstrate white matter alterations. Children perinatally HIV-exposed, but uninfected (CHEU) alike show differences in white matter integrity compared to children who are HIV-unexposed and uninfected (CHUU).

Objectives: Mapping white matter connections that link grey matter regions that form resting-state (RS) functional networks may demonstrate whether structural and functional connectivity alterations in HIV infection and exposure may be related. Read More

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Exogenous Bimodal Cues Attenuate Age-Related Audiovisual Integration.

Iperception 2021 May-Jun;12(3):20416695211020768. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, China.

Previous studies have demonstrated that exogenous attention decreases audiovisual integration (AVI); however, whether the AVI is different when exogenous attention is elicited by bimodal and unimodal cues and its aging effect remain unclear. To clarify this matter, 20 older adults and 20 younger adults were recruited to conduct an auditory/visual discrimination task following bimodal audiovisual cues or unimodal auditory/visual cues. The results showed that the response to all stimulus types was faster in younger adults compared with older adults, and the response was faster when responding to audiovisual stimuli compared with auditory or visual stimuli. Read More

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The Modulation of Exogenous Attention on Emotional Audiovisual Integration.

Iperception 2021 May-Jun;12(3):20416695211018714. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Psychology, Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, China; Brain and Cognition Research Center (BCRC), Faculty of Education, Hubei University, Wuhan, China.

Although emotional audiovisual integration has been investigated previously, whether emotional audiovisual integration is affected by the spatial allocation of visual attention is currently unknown. To examine this question, a variant of the exogenous spatial cueing paradigm was adopted, in which stimuli varying by facial expressions and nonverbal affective prosody were used to express six basic emotions (happiness, anger, disgust, sadness, fear, surprise) via a visual, an auditory, or an audiovisual modality. The emotional stimuli were preceded by an unpredictive cue that was used to attract participants' visual attention. Read More

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Is There Any Association Between Language Acquisition and Cognitive Development in Cochlear-Implanted Children?

J Int Adv Otol 2021 May;17(3):195-199

Neuromuscular Rehabilitation Research Centre, Rehabilitation College, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran.

Objective: Different studies on normal children and children with a sensory or intellectual disability indicate a strong correlation between the child's vocabulary domain and his cognitive abilities. Based on this, the main focus of the present study was to investigate the cognitive performance of cochlear-implanted children after a cognition-based language intervention program.

Methods: In this experimental study, 60 cochlear-implanted children were selected and randomly allocated into case and control groups. Read More

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Sustained neural activity correlates with rapid perceptual learning of auditory patterns.

Neuroimage 2021 Jun 7;238:118238. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Department of Psychology, University of Western Ontario, N6A 3K7, London, ON, Canada; School of Communication Sciences & Disorders, University of Western Ontario, N6A 5B7 London, ON, Canada.

Repeating structures forming regular patterns are common in sounds. Learning such patterns may enable accurate perceptual organization. In five experiments, we investigated the behavioral and neural signatures of rapid perceptual learning of regular sound patterns. Read More

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Defective involuntary attention to novelty in type 1 diabetes and impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia.

Diabetes Res Clin Pract 2021 Jun 4;177:108898. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Department of Endocrinology and Nutrition, Hospital de Santa Creu i Sant Pau, Barcelona, Spain; Department of Medicine, Autonomous University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain; CIBER-Bioengineering, Biomaterials and Nanotechnology (CIBER-BBN), Instituto de Salud Carlos III, Madrid, Spain. Electronic address:

Aim: To determine if there are differences in terms of neurophysiology and neurocognitive functioning in a group of type 1 diabetes (T1D) patients regarding hypoglycaemia awareness.

Methods: 27 patients with T1D were classified according to Clarke score as having impaired awareness of hypoglycaemia (IAH; n = 11) or normal awareness to hypoglycaemia (NAH; n = 16). We measured several clinical and sociodemographic variables and cognitive performance using neuropsychological tests. Read More

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Improving the safety of distracted pedestrians with in-ground flashing lights. A railway crossing field study.

J Safety Res 2021 Jun 30;77:170-181. Epub 2021 Mar 30.

Queensland University of Technology (QUT), School of Optometry and Vision Science, Australia.

Introduction: Current signage at intersections is designed for attentive pedestrians who are looking ahead. Such signage may not be sufficient when distracted by smartphones. Illuminated in-ground LED lights at crossings are an innovative solution to alert distracted pedestrians. Read More

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Reliability of parental assessment of auditory skills in young children: a cross-sectional study in Italian language.

BMJ Open 2021 Jun 4;11(6):e042297. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

Institute for Maternal and Child Health - IRCCS "Burlo Garofolo" - Trieste, Trieste, Italy

Objective: Hearing impairments (HIs) that progress or have later onset may have specific effects on language and cognitive development, but are difficult to suspect during routine primary care visits. Family concern regarding hearing is thought to represent an important risk factor requiring audiological examination. Yet it is not clear how successful parents are in recognising the consequences or specific suspect elements of HI in young children. Read More

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Characterizing Underlying Cognitive Components of ADHD Presentations and Co-morbid Diagnoses: A Diffusion Decision Model Analysis.

J Atten Disord 2021 Jun 4:10870547211020087. Epub 2021 Jun 4.

University of North Carolina at Asheville, USA.

Objective: To Explore whether subtypes and comorbidities of attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) induce distinct biases in cognitive components involved in information processing.

Method: Performance on the Integrated Visual and Auditory Continuous Performance Test (IVA-CPT) was compared between 150 children (aged 7 to 10) with ADHD, grouped by DSM-5 presentation (ADHD-C, ADHD-I) or co-morbid diagnoses (anxiety, oppositional defiant disorder [ODD], both, neither), and 60 children without ADHD. Diffusion decision modeling decomposed performance into cognitive components. Read More

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Sustained pupil responses are modulated by predictability of auditory sequences.

J Neurosci 2021 Jun 1. Epub 2021 Jun 1.

Ear Institute, University College London, London WC1X 8EE, UK.

The brain is highly sensitive to auditory regularities and exploits the predictable order of sounds in many situations, from parsing complex auditory scenes, to the acquisition of language. To understand the impact of stimulus predictability on perception, it is important to determine how the detection of predictable structure influences processing and attention. Here we use pupillometry to gain insight into the effect of sensory regularity on arousal. Read More

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The amygdala modulates prepulse inhibition of the auditory startle reflex through excitatory inputs to the caudal pontine reticular nucleus.

BMC Biol 2021 Jun 3;19(1):116. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Biology Department, University of Massachusetts Amherst, Life Science Laboratories, 240 Thatcher Road, Amherst, MA, 01002, USA.

Background: Sensorimotor gating is a fundamental pre-attentive process that is defined as the inhibition of a motor response by a sensory event. Sensorimotor gating, commonly measured using the prepulse inhibition (PPI) of the auditory startle reflex task, is impaired in patients suffering from various neurological and psychiatric disorders. PPI deficits are a hallmark of schizophrenia, and they are often associated with attention and other cognitive impairments. Read More

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Effect of a Dichotic Interaural Time Difference Program on Dichotic Listening Deficit of Children with Learning Difficulty.

J Am Acad Audiol 2021 Jun 3. Epub 2021 Jun 3.

Department of Biostatistics, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, School of Rehabilitation, Tehran, Iran.

Background:  Dichotic listening deficit (DLD) is a common sign in children showing learning problem and is identified during auditory processing assessment. A dichotic listening training program was developed in which the weak ear lags behind the strong ear in time and has certain practices for switching attention between the ears and auditory memory.

Purpose:  The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effectiveness of this treatment program on dichotic performance of primary school children showing DLD. Read More

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Aberrant modulations of static functional connectivity and dynamic functional network connectivity in chronic migraine.

Quant Imaging Med Surg 2021 Jun;11(6):2253-2264

Department of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China.

Background: Chronic migraine (CM) is a common and disabling neurological disorder that affects 1-2% of the global population. The aim of the present study was to identify the functional characteristics of the CM brain using static functional connectivity (s-FC), static functional network connectivity (s-FNC), and dynamic functional network connectivity (d-FNC) analyses.

Methods: In the present study, 17 CM patients and 20 sex- and age-matched healthy controls (HCs) underwent resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. Read More

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Selective Auditory Attention Associated With Language Skills but Not With Executive Functions in Swedish Preschoolers.

Front Psychol 2021 17;12:664501. Epub 2021 May 17.

Faculty of Humanities, Department of Linguistics, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden.

Associations between language and executive functions (EFs) are well-established but previous work has often focused more on EFs than on language. To further clarify the language-EF relationship, we assessed several aspects of language and EFs in 431 Swedish children aged 4-6, including selective auditory attention which was measured in an event-related potential paradigm. We also investigated potential associations to age, socioeconomic status (SES), bi-/multilingualism, sex and aspects of preschool attendance and quality. Read More

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Cannabinoid Signaling in Auditory Function and Development.

Front Mol Neurosci 2021 17;14:678510. Epub 2021 May 17.

Department of Neurobiology and Anatomical Sciences, University of Mississippi Medical Center, Jackson, MS, United States.

Plants of the genus have been used by humans for millennia for a variety of purposes. Perhaps most notable is the use of certain strains for their psychoactive effects. More recently, several biologically active molecules within the plants of these strains, called phytocannabinoids or simply cannabinoids, have been identified. Read More

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Does the Simon Effect Interfere with the Synergy Between Perception and Action?

Percept Mot Skills 2021 Jun 2:315125211022917. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Institute of Sport Science, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland.

Research suggests that - particularly - the execution of precision-demanding far-aiming tasks necessitates an optimal coupling between perception and action. In this regard, the duration of the last fixation before initiating movement - i.e. Read More

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[Relationship between binaural high-frequency mean hearing threshold and hypertension in female worker exposed to noise].

Zhonghua Lao Dong Wei Sheng Zhi Ye Bing Za Zhi 2021 May;39(5):354-358

Guangzhou Occupational Disease Prevention and Treatment Hospital, Guangzhou 510620, China.

To explore the relationship between the binaural high-frequency mean hearing threshold and the hypertension of female workers exposed to noise, and to understand the application significance of the binaural high-frequency mean hearing threshold as an internal effect indicator of the risk of hypertension in female workers exposed to noise. From January to December 2018, a total of 20882 female workers exposed to noise in Guangzhou were selected by cluster sampling. Pure tone audiometry, blood pressure, age and length of service were collected. Read More

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Effect of Auditory Distraction on Working Memory, Attention Switching, and Listening Comprehension.

Naveen K Nagaraj

Audiol Res 2021 May 28;11(2):227-243. Epub 2021 May 28.

Cognitive Hearing Science Lab, Communicative Disorders & Deaf Education, Utah State University, Logan, UT 84322, USA.

The effect of non-informational speech spectrum noise as a distractor on cognitive and listening comprehension ability was examined in fifty-three young, normal hearing adults. Time-controlled tasks were used to measure auditory working memory (WM) capacity and attention switching (AS) ability. Listening comprehension was measured using a lecture, interview, and spoken narratives test. Read More

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Individual Resonant Frequencies at Low-Gamma Range and Cognitive Processing Speed.

J Pers Med 2021 May 23;11(6). Epub 2021 May 23.

Institute of Biosciences, Life Sciences Centre, Vilnius University, Sauletekio ave 7, LT-10257 Vilnius, Lithuania.

Brain electrophysiological activity within the low gamma frequencies (30-80 Hz) has been proposed to reflect information encoding and transfer processes. The 40-Hz auditory steady-state response (40-Hz ASSR) is frequently discussed in relation to changed cognitive processing in neuropsychiatric disorders. However, the relationship between ASSRs and cognitive functioning still remains unclear. Read More

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Equivalent Behavioral Facilitation to Tactile Cues in Children with Autism Spectrum Disorder.

Brain Sci 2021 May 13;11(5). Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Speech, Language, and Hearing Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907, USA.

The alerting network, a subcomponent of attention, enables humans to respond to novel information. Children with ASD have shown equivalent alerting in response to visual and/or auditory stimuli compared to typically developing (TD) children. However, it is unclear whether children with ASD and TD show equivalent alerting to tactile stimuli. Read More

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The Effect of Simultaneously Presented Words and Auditory Tones on Visuomotor Performance.

Multisens Res 2021 May 28:1-28. Epub 2021 May 28.

William James Center for Research, ISPA - Instituto Universitário, Rua Jardim do Tabaco, 34, 1149-041 Lisboa, Portugal.

The experiment reported here used a variation of the spatial cueing task to examine the effects of unimodal and bimodal attention-orienting primes on target identification latencies and eye gaze movements. The primes were a nonspatial auditory tone and words known to drive attention consistent with the dominant writing and reading direction, as well as introducing a semantic, temporal bias (past-future) on the horizontal dimension. As expected, past-related (visual) word primes gave rise to shorter response latencies on the left hemifield and future-related words on the right. Read More

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Balancing task sensitivity with reliability for multimodal language assessments.

J Neurosurg 2021 May 28:1-8. Epub 2021 May 28.

1Department of Neurological Surgery, University of California, San Francisco, California; and.

Objective: Intraoperative tasks for awake language mapping are typically selected based on the language tracts that will likely be encountered during tumor resection. However, diminished attention and arousal secondary to perioperative sedatives may reduce a task's usefulness for identifying eloquent cortex. For instance, accuracy in performing select language tasks may be high preoperatively but decline in the operating room. Read More

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Audiovisual working memory and association with resting-state regional homogeneity.

Behav Brain Res 2021 May 24;411:113382. Epub 2021 May 24.

Department of Military Medical Psychology, Fourth Military Medical University, Xi'an, China.

Multisensory processing is a prevalent research issue. However, multisensory working memory research has received inadequate attention. The present study aimed to investigate the behavioral performance of an audiovisual working memory task and its association with resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) regional homogeneity (ReHo). Read More

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Clinical application of whole-exome sequencing: A retrospective, single-center study.

Exp Ther Med 2021 Jul 12;22(1):753. Epub 2021 May 12.

Laboratory of Genetic and Metabolism, Department of Paediatric Endocrine and Metabolism, Maternal and Child Health Hospital of Guangxi, Nanning, Guangxi 530000, P.R. China.

The aim of the present study was to assess the practical diagnostic value of whole-exome sequencing (WES) in patients with different phenotypes and to explore possible strategies to increase the capability of WES in identifying disease-causing genes. A total of 1,360 patients (aged from 1 day to 42 years old) with manifestations of genetic diseases were genotyped using WES and statistical analysis was performed on the results obtained. Within this cohort, the overall positive rate of identification of a disease-causing gene alteration was 44. Read More

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Effect of 12 Weeks of Yogic Training on Neurocognitive Variables: A Quasi-Experimental Study.

Indian J Community Med 2021 Jan-Mar;46(1):112-116. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Division of Yoga and Life Sciences, Swami Vivekananda Yoga University, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Background: Neurocognitive abilities are the brain-mind skills needed to initiate any task from the simplest to the most complex, decreases with advancing age. Attention, alertness, and memory are the basic neurocognitive functions most affected by age. There are potential benefits of yoga on neurocognitive functions because this ancient Indian technique positively nurtures the mind-body systems. Read More

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