643 results match your criteria attributional style


When Alterations in Social Cognition Meet Subjective Complaints in Autism Spectrum Disorder: Evaluation With the "ClaCoS" Battery.

Front Psychiatry 2021 26;12:643551. Epub 2021 Aug 26.

Centre Universitaire de Pédopsychiatrie, CHRU de Tours, Centre d'Excellence Autisme et Troubles du Neuro-développement-Tours exac.t, Tours, France.

Deficit in social communication is a core feature in Autism Spectrum Disorder but remains poorly assessed in classical clinical practice, especially in adult populations. This gap between needs and practice is partly due to a lack of standardized evaluation tools. The multicentric Research group in psychiatry GDR3557 (Institut de Psychiatrie) developed a new battery for social cognitive evaluation named "ClaCoS," which allows testing the main components of social cognition: Emotion Recognition, Theory of Mind, Attributional Style, and Social Perception and Knowledge. Read More

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The effectiveness of metacognitive training on impairments in social cognition in patients with schizophrenia: mental health nursing practice in a community mental health center.

Nord J Psychiatry 2021 Aug 24:1-12. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Professor, Florence Nightingale School of Nursing, Istanbul University-Cerrahpaşa, Istanbul, Turkey.

Background: Social cognition is an independent structure from the positive symptoms of schizophrenia and contributes to negative symptoms, neurocognitive impairment, and social functioning.

Aim: To examine the effectiveness of the metacognitive training intervention on social cognition in people with schizophrenia.

Design: This study was conducted as a randomized quasi-experimental (pre-test/post-test and follow-up) design with a control group. Read More

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Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) versus Training in Affect Recognition (TAR) in patients with schizophrenia: A randomized controlled trial.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Oct 23;142:101-109. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina - Chapel Hill, USA; Australian Catholic University, School of Behavioural and Health Sciences, Melbourne, VIC, Australia.

Introduction: Training in Affect Recognition (TAR) is a "targeted" and computer-aided program that has been shown to effectively attenuate facial affect recognition deficits and improve social functioning in patients with schizophrenia. Social Cognition and Interaction Training (SCIT) is a group "broad-based" intervention, that has also been shown to improve emotion recognition, theory of mind (ToM), and social functioning. To date, no study has compared the efficacy of two different social cognitive interventions. Read More

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October 2021

Psychosocial remediation in depressive disorders: A systematic review.

J Affect Disord 2021 07 1;290:40-51. Epub 2021 May 1.

Mental Health Service, Complejo Hospitalario Universitario de Albacete (CHUA), Albacete, Spain; CIBERSAM (Biomedical Research Networking Centre in Mental Health), Spain; Mental Health Service, Hospital Virgen de la Luz, Cuenca, Spain. Electronic address:

Background: Social functioning impairment has been described in several psychiatric illness, including depressive disorders. It is associated with a deterioration in global functioning and quality of life, thus there is a growing interest in psychosocial functioning remediation interventions. This systematic review aims to review all psychotherapeutic, pharmacological and biological social functioning interventions in depressive disorders. Read More

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The Interplay Between Postsynaptic Striatal D2/3 Receptor Availability, Adversity Exposure and Odd Beliefs: A [11C]-Raclopride PET Study.

Schizophr Bull 2021 Aug;47(5):1495-1508

Department of Psychiatry, Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, Psychiatric University Hospital Zurich, Zurich Program for Sustainable Development of Mental Health Services (ZInEP), University of Zurich, Zurich, Switzerland.

Background: Between unaffected mental health and diagnosable psychiatric disorders, there is a vast continuum of functioning. The hypothesized link between striatal dopamine signaling and psychosis has guided a prolific body of research. However, it has been understudied in the context of multiple interacting factors, subclinical phenotypes, and pre-postsynaptic dynamics. Read More

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Usability of a Psychotherapeutic Interactive Gaming Tool Used in Facial Emotion Recognition for People with Schizophrenia.

J Pers Med 2021 Mar 17;11(3). Epub 2021 Mar 17.

Parc Sanitari Sant Joan de Déu CIBERSAM, Sant Boi de Llobregat, 08830 Barcelona, Spain.

The objective of the study was to test the usability of 'Feeling Master' as a psychotherapeutic interactive gaming tool with LEGO cartoon faces showing the five basic emotions, for the assessment of emotional recognition in people with schizophrenia in comparison with healthy controls, and the relationship between face affect recognition (FER), attributional style, and theory of mind (ToM), which is the ability to understand the potential mental states and intentions of others. Nineteen individuals with schizophrenia (SZ) and 17 healthy control (HC) subjects completed the 'Feeling Master' that includes five basic emotions. To assess social cognition, the group with schizophrenia was evaluated with the Personal and Situational Attribution Questionnaire (IPSAQ) for the assessment of attributional style and the Hinting Task (ToM). Read More

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A trait-interactionist approach to understanding the role of stressors in the personality-CWB relationship.

J Occup Health Psychol 2021 Aug 18;26(4):350-360. Epub 2021 Mar 18.

Department of Psychology.

In the current study, we extend the trait-activation theory (TAT) in order to provide context for the role of stressors in the relationship between personality and counterproductive work behavior (CWB). Specifically, we propose relationships between conflict-sensitive personality traits (social dominance orientation and hostile attributional style) and CWB, moderated by organizational stressors (interpersonal conflict and organizational constraints) as trait-relevant situational cues that signal competition. A sample of 208 matched employee-supervisor dyads was recruited from an online panel for a multiphasic study. Read More

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Inflexibility in Reasoning: Comparisons of Cognitive Flexibility, Explanatory Flexibility, and Belief Flexibility Between Schizophrenia and Major Depressive Disorder.

Front Psychiatry 2020 18;11:609569. Epub 2021 Jan 18.

Department of Psychology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China.

Inflexibility in reasoning has been suggested to contribute to psychiatric disorders, such as explanatory flexibility in depression and belief flexibility in schizophrenia. However, studies tended to examine only one of the flexibility constructs, which could be related to each other, within a single group of patients. As enhancing flexibility in thinking has become one of the psychological treatment goals across disorders, this study aimed to examine three constructs of flexibility (cognitive flexibility, explanatory flexibility, and belief flexibility) in two psychiatric groups. Read More

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January 2021

Psychometric Properties of the Parent Cognition Scale in a Clinical Sample of Parents of Children With Disruptive Behavior.

Behav Ther 2021 01 13;52(1):99-109. Epub 2020 Mar 13.

Centre for Addiction and Mental Health; University of Toronto. Electronic address:

The Parent Cognition Scale (PCS; Snarr, Slep, & Grande, 2009) is a self-report measure of parental attributions of child behavior that has demonstrated validity in community samples. However, its psychometric properties have not been examined in a clinical sample of parents of children with disruptive behavior. Examining the psychometric properties of the PCS in this population is important given research linking parent attribution with childhood disruptive behavior. Read More

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January 2021

Perceptions and experiences of female burn survivors with facial disfigurement.

Chin J Traumatol 2021 Feb 21;24(1):53-56. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Institute of Applied Psychology, University of Punjab, Lahore, 54590, Pakistan.

Purpose: This study aimed at exploring the perceptions and experiences of female burn survivors with facial disfigurement in Pakistan.

Methods: Two different quantitative and qualitative studies were conducted, of which the data were collected from 100 burn patients. A pilot interview protocol was developed. Read More

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February 2021

Development of the Attributional Style of Doctor Questionnaire.

Authors:
Hemei Tian Pei Wang

Psychol Res Behav Manag 2020 27;13:1079-1088. Epub 2020 Nov 27.

Faculty of Education, East China Normal University, Shanghai 200062, People's Republic of China.

Background: The attributional style of clinical workers will affect their emotion and behavior and affect how they deal with the relationship with patients. Current tools lack clinical events and are not suitable for measuring the attributional style of doctor. In this study, the development of the Doctor's Attributional Style Questionnaire (DASQ) is presented. Read More

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November 2020

Adolescent physical activity-related injuries in school physical education and leisure-time sports.

J Int Med Res 2020 Sep;48(9):300060520954716

Florida Southern College, Lakeland, FL, USA.

Objective: The aims of this study were to investigate the prevalence of sports injuries in school physical education (PE) and leisure-time sports among 1011 15- to 16-year-old adolescents in relation to physical activity, and to examine goal orientation.

Methods: A survey was used with additional narrative descriptions.

Results: There was a higher prevalence of injuries in leisure time (645/993 = 65%) than in PE (519/998 = 52%). Read More

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September 2020

Benefits of social cognitive skills training within routine community mental health services: Evidence from a non-randomized parallel controlled study.

Asian J Psychiatr 2020 Dec 17;54:102314. Epub 2020 Jul 17.

Department of Psychology, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Korea University Mind Health Institute, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Psychology, Wesleyan University, Middletown, USA. Electronic address:

Although social cognitive impairments are evident in patients with schizophrenia across many cultures, psychosocial interventions are less used in Eastern countries. Despite a growing emphasis on community care in mental health services in Eastern countries, the synergistic effects of social cognitive intervention strategies on routine community mental health services are not well documented. This study aimed to adapt a group-based social cognitive skills training (SCST) program for use in a Korean context and evaluate its feasibility and preliminary effects among community-dwelling individuals with schizophrenia. Read More

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December 2020

Cognitive risk, coping-oriented substance use, and increased avoidance tendencies among depressed outpatients: A prospective investigation.

J Clin Psychol 2020 12 1;76(12):2249-2263. Epub 2020 Jun 1.

Department of Psychological Sciences, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio.

Objective: The present study was designed to assess the interplay between depressive cognition, coping-oriented substance use, and future behavioral disengagement tendencies. Cognitive risk subtypes examined include brooding rumination, attributional bias (internal/stable/global), and dysfunctional attitudes.

Method: Individuals were recruited from outpatient treatment settings and met criteria for a unipolar depressive disorder (N = 70; 66% female; 81% White; M  = 31; SD  = 13. Read More

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December 2020

The role of stressful life events appraisal in major depressive disorder.

Rev Colomb Psiquiatr (Engl Ed) 2020 Apr - Jun;49(2):68-75. Epub 2018 Oct 25.

Clínica Montserrat, Instituto Colombiano del Sistema Nervioso, Bogotá, Colombia.

Introduction: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is a multifactorial disease in which, due to the interaction of several variables, the vulnerability of suffering from it increases. Several models, such as the diathesis-stress model, have explained these interactions. However, experiencing stressful events does not always lead to the development of MDD, and the attribution and appraisal of stressful events contributing to further development of depression symptoms has been considered as a possible explanation. Read More

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Psychological Predictors for Depression and Burnout Among German Junior Elite Athletes.

Front Psychol 2020 2;11:601. Epub 2020 Apr 2.

Chair of Sport Psychology, Department of Sport and Health Sciences, Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany.

There exists a strong need for research in clinical sport psychology which does not merely gather information on prevalence rates for psychological disorders and case studies of affected athletes. Rather, research should also uncover the underlying psychological variables which increase the risk for depression and burnout in elite athletes. Many studies gather general factors (e. Read More

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A randomized study on the efficacy of the Social Cognition Training Program-brief version in a sample of patients with schizophrenia.

Psychiatr Rehabil J 2021 Mar 6;44(1):1-10. Epub 2020 Apr 6.

Faculty of Psychology.

Objective: In recent years, various interventions have been developed to train social cognition in schizophrenia, which have been shown to be effective in improving emotional processing, theory of mind and social perception, as well as community functioning. One of these interventions is the Social Cognition Training Program (SCTP), a program consisting of 24 sessions. For the present study we developed a brief version of 12 sessions with the aim to improve its applicability. Read More

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Hostile attribution bias in schizophrenia-spectrum disorders: narrative review of the literature and persisting questions.

J Ment Health 2020 Mar 31:1-18. Epub 2020 Mar 31.

Department of Psychology and Neuroscience, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Social cognition is often aberrant or impaired in psychotic disorders and related to functional outcomes. In particular, one core social cognitive bias - hostile attribution bias - is proposed to be implicated in paranoia, anxiety, mood disturbances and interpersonal conflict outcomes. However, questions remain about this domain's specificity to psychosis and its relationship to general functional outcomes. Read More

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Evaluation of social cognitive measures in an Asian schizophrenia sample.

Schizophr Res Cogn 2020 Jun 10;20:100169. Epub 2019 Dec 10.

Research Division, Institute of Mental Health, Singapore.

Background: Converging evidence has indicated that deficits in social cognition may manifest as poor functioning; therefore, social cognition has emerged as an important research area and treatment target. However, few studies have examined the psychometrics of multiple social cognition measures in an Asian population. This study aims to evaluate the psychometrics of measures indexing the four core social cognition domains. Read More

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Children's self-blame appraisals about their mothers' depressive symptoms and risk for internalizing symptoms.

J Fam Psychol 2020 Aug 6;34(5):534-543. Epub 2020 Feb 6.

Department of Psychology.

Maternal depressive symptoms are a robust predictor of children's risk for internalizing symptoms, yet not all children are negatively affected by exposure to their mothers' symptoms. The present study tested children's self-blame appraisals as a moderator of the association between maternal depressive symptoms and children's internalizing symptoms, controlling for children's negative attributional style. We hypothesized that the relation between maternal depressive symptoms and children's internalizing symptoms would be stronger for children who blamed themselves more for their mothers' symptoms. Read More

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Pain, somatic complaints, and subjective concepts of illness in traumatized female refugees who experienced extreme violence by the "Islamic State" (IS).

J Psychosom Res 2020 03 16;130:109931. Epub 2020 Jan 16.

Department of Psychosomatic Medicine and Psychotherapy, University Hospital Tuebingen, Tuebingen, Germany.

Background: Refugees with a history of war or sexual violence often experience somatic symptoms along with mental disorders. After being held in captivity by the so-called "Islamic State" (IS), 1100 especially vulnerable Yazidi women and children (around 400 women) received special medical and psychological support. We report on their (psycho-) somatic complaints and concepts of illness. Read More

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Differences between individuals with schizophrenia or obsessive-compulsive disorder and healthy controls in social cognition and mindfulness skills: A controlled study.

PLoS One 2019 11;14(12):e0225608. Epub 2019 Dec 11.

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria Aragón (IISAragon), Zaragoza, Spain.

The study of social cognition (SC) has emerged as a key domain of mental health, supporting the notion that poorer performance in SC tasks is linked to psychopathology, although most studies have primarily addressed only schizophrenia (SZ). Some recent studies have also shown deficits of SC in obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) patients; however, little is known about how individuals with OCD may differ on SC performance from individuals with SZ. Moreover, initial research in this field suggests that mindfulness skills may be related to SC abilities such as theory of mind (ToM), emotion processing and empathy. Read More

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Attributional styles of support staff working with people with intellectual disabilities exhibiting challenging behaviour.

J Appl Res Intellect Disabil 2020 May 19;33(3):465-474. Epub 2019 Nov 19.

Department Tranzo, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Background: Attributions are cognitive variables that influence a person's behaviour. Although a large volume of research has been conducted on the attributions of support staff with regard to challenging behaviour (CB) exhibited by people with intellectual disabilities (ID), studies on patterns of attributional dimensions (i.e. Read More

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Risk of Depression in the Offspring of Parents with Depression: The Role of Emotion Regulation, Cognitive Style, Parenting and Life Events.

Child Psychiatry Hum Dev 2020 04;51(2):294-309

Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Psychosomatics and Psychotherapy, University Hospital, Ludwig-Maximilian-University Munich, Nussbaumstraße 5a, 80336, Munich, Germany.

Children of depressed parents are at heightened risk for developing depression, yet relatively little is known about the specific mechanisms responsible. Since preventive interventions for this risk group show small effects which diminish overtime, it is crucial to uncover the key risk factors for depression. This study compared various potential mechanisms in children of depressed (high-risk; n = 74) versus non-depressed (low-risk; n = 37) parents and explored mediators of parental depression and risk in offspring. Read More

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Effectiveness and Cost-Effectiveness of Blended Cognitive Behavioral Therapy in Clinically Depressed Adolescents: Protocol for a Pragmatic Quasi-Experimental Controlled Trial.

JMIR Res Protoc 2019 Oct 7;8(10):e13434. Epub 2019 Oct 7.

Child and Adolescent Studies, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands.

Background: Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is an effective intervention to treat depressive disorders in youth. However, 50% of adolescents still have depressive symptoms after treatment, and 57% drop out during treatment. Online CBT interventions have proven to be effective in reducing depressive symptoms and seem promising as a treatment for depressed adolescents. Read More

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October 2019

Comprehensive comparison of social cognitive performance in autism spectrum disorder and schizophrenia.

Psychol Med 2020 11 2;50(15):2557-2565. Epub 2019 Oct 2.

School of Behavioral and Brain Sciences, The University of Texas At Dallas, Richardson, TX, USA.

Background: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and schizophrenia (SCZ) are separate neurodevelopmental disorders that are both characterized by difficulties in social cognition and social functioning. Due to methodological confounds, the degree of similarity in social cognitive impairments across these two disorders is currently unknown. This study therefore conducted a comprehensive comparison of social cognitive ability in ASD and SCZ to aid efforts to develop optimized treatment programs. Read More

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November 2020

Social and non-social measures of cognition for predicting self-reported and informant-reported functional outcomes in early psychosis.

Scand J Psychol 2019 Aug 21;60(4):295-303. Epub 2019 May 21.

Landspitali, Department of Psychiatry, National University Hospital, Reykjavik, Iceland.

The main aim of this study was to investigate the individual contributions of neurocognitive and social-cognitive domains to self-reported and informant-reported functional outcome in early psychosis. We also sought to further characterize the nature of cognitive impairments in this sample and explore the interrelationships between the social-cognitive measures and how they correlate with measures of neurocognition and clinical symptoms. In this study, 70 patients (mean age: 24. Read More

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Exploring the Role of Meditation and Dispositional Mindfulness on Social Cognition Domains: A Controlled Study.

Front Psychol 2019 11;10:809. Epub 2019 Apr 11.

Instituto de Investigación Sanitaria de Aragón, IIS Aragón, Zaragoza, Spain.

Research suggests that mindfulness can induce changes in the social domain, such as enhancing emotional connection to others, prosocial behavior, and empathy. However, despite growing interest in mindfulness in social psychology, very little is known about the effects of mindfulness on social cognition. Consequently, the aim of this study was to explore the relationship between mindfulness and social cognition by comparing meditators with non-meditators on several social cognition measures. Read More

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Prospective Relations between Parents' Depressive Symptoms and Children's Attributional Style.

J Clin Child Adolesc Psychol 2021 Jan-Feb;50(1):77-87. Epub 2019 Mar 25.

Department of Psychology and Human Development, Vanderbilt University.

Children of parents with depression are at increased risk for developing psychopathology. The purpose of the current longitudinal study was to examine the dynamic relations between parents' depressive symptoms and children's cognitions, specifically their attributions for the causes of life events. Participants were 227 parent-child dyads with one parent ( = 42. Read More

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Self-reported affective biases, but not all affective performance biases, are present in depression remission.

Br J Clin Psychol 2019 Sep 10;58(3):274-288. Epub 2019 Mar 10.

Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Objective: Individuals with active major depressive disorder (MDD) have shown affective biases in cognitive flexibility and memory, particularly for negatively valenced stimuli. We evaluated whether impairments in affective flexibility would remain even during remission (rMDD), potentially representing trait- or scar-like effects of illness.

Method: Participants completed the Emotion Card Sort Test (ECST), a measure of cognitive flexibility containing emotionally valenced stimuli, and the Emotion Word Stimulus Test (EWST), a measure of affective biases in delayed recall and recognition memory, and several self-report measures. Read More

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September 2019