43,653 results match your criteria attitudes practices


Burden of Renal Cysts Imaging: A Survey of Patients among the Greater Plains Collaborative.

Urol Int 2021 Sep 15:1-7. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Division of Nephrology and Hypertension, Department of Medicine, University of Kansas Medical Center, Kansas City, Kansas, USA.

Purpose: Renal cysts are a frequent incidental finding on cross-sectional radiographic imaging. While most cysts are indolent, individuals with such cysts are frequently monitored for interval growth and potential malignant transformation, which is ultimately rare. In this study, we aimed to assess patients' values and preferences (believes and attitudes) about renal cysts. Read More

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September 2021

Dying like a dog: the convergence of concepts of a good death in human and veterinary medicine.

Med Health Care Philos 2021 Sep 15. Epub 2021 Sep 15.

Institute for Ethics, History and Philosophy of Medicine, Hannover Medical School, Hanover, Germany.

Standard views of good death in human and veterinary medicine considerably differ from one another. Whereas the good death ideal in palliative medicine emphasizes the positive aspects of non-induced dying, veterinarians typically promote a quick and painless killing with the aim to end suffering. Recent developments suggest a convergence of both professions and professional attitudes, however. Read More

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September 2021

Scoping review: Facilitators and barriers in the adoption of teledentistry among older adults.

Gerodontology 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Geriatric Education and Research Institute, Singapore, Singapore.

Objective/background: Access to oral health care among older adults is a key issue in society, which has been exacerbated by social distancing measures and lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic. Older adults would greatly benefit from teledentistry, yet little information exists on the enablers and challenges of adopting this technology for use with this group. The aim of this scoping review is to summarise the applications and key factors associated with the adoption of teledentistry among older adults. Read More

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September 2021

Antibiotic prescribing practices in general surgery: a mixed methods quality improvement project.

Infect Prev Pract 2021 Sep 20;3(3):100166. Epub 2021 Aug 20.

Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, London, UK.

Background: A single pre-operative antibiotic dose provides optimal prophylaxis against surgical site infection (SSI), but significant variability persists in adherence to prophylaxis guidelines. We describe a quality improvement project aiming to improve guideline-driven antibiotic prescribing within surgical teams at a tertiary hospital.

Methods: Face-to-face interviews with surgical teams and anonymous surveys of senior surgeons and anaesthetists were used to collect qualitative data on the perceptions and attitudes of prescribers. Read More

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September 2021

Attitudes of Physicians in Jordan Towards Non-Disclosure of Health Information.

Sultan Qaboos Univ Med J 2021 Aug 29;21(3):423-427. Epub 2021 Aug 29.

The University of Jordan School of Medicine, Amman, Jordan.

Objectives: This report aims to investigate the attitudes of physicians in Jordan towards non-disclosure of health information among physicians, with a focus on those who are 'always truthful' and those who are not.

Methods: The report is based on the second subset of data from a cross-sectional study-conducted between January and August 2016-of the truth disclosure practices among and attitudes of physicians in Jordan. The sample consisted of 240 physicians selected from four major hospitals by stratified random sampling and invited to complete a self-administered questionnaire regarding truth disclosure attitudes. Read More

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Barriers implementing infection prevention and control experienced by healthcare workers, people with CF and parents.

J Cyst Fibros 2021 Sep 11. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Department of Pediatrics, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA; Marsico Lung Institute, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, 27599, USA.

Background: Barriers to implementing infection prevention and control (IP&C) practices may be experienced by healthcare workers (HCWs) caring for people with CF (PwCF), PwCF, and their families. We hypothesized that these stakeholders from CF centers with early adoption of the updated 2013 IP&C guideline would experience fewer barriers implementing selected recommendations compared to stakeholders from CF centers with delayed adoption.

Methods: In 2018-2019 we surveyed HCWs and PwCF/parents from 25 CF centers to identify knowledge, attitude, and practice barriers. Read More

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September 2021

Understanding racial differences in attitudes about public health efforts during COVID-19 using an explanatory mixed methods design.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 8;287:114379. Epub 2021 Sep 8.

University of Michigan Department of Learning Health Sciences, 300 N Ingalls St, Ann Arbor, MI, 48109, USA. Electronic address:

Efforts to mitigate the spread of COVID-19 rely on trust in public health organizations and practices. These practices include contact tracing, which requires people to share personal information with public health organizations. The central role of trust in these practices has gained more attention during the pandemic, resurfacing endemic questions about public trust and potential racial trust disparities, especially as they relate to participation in public health efforts. Read More

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September 2021

Health professionals' attitudes toward medications for opioid use disorder.

Authors:
Aaron R Brown

Subst Abus 2021 Sep 14:1-17. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Social Work, College of Health & Human Sciences, Western Carolina University, Cullowhee, North Carolina, USA.

Background: Research has shown that medications, especially opioid agonist treatments, are an effective way to treat opioid use disorder (OUD); however, negative attitudes held by health professionals contribute to their underutilization. : A 23-year review of studies that examined health professionals' attitudes toward medications for OUD (MOUD) was conducted to describe the current state of knowledge and to inform future research and interventions. : Studies examined attitudes toward the use of methadone, buprenorphine, and naltrexone among various types of health professionals: prescribers, non-prescribing clinicians, pharmacists, and administrators. Read More

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September 2021

COVID-19 Pandemic and Maternal Perspectives.

Ir Med J 2021 Aug 19;114(7):411. Epub 2021 Aug 19.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Cavan General Hospital, Co. Cavan. Ireland.

Aim Coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic has affected perinatal women worldwide. Our study aimed to describe the opinions of perinatal women about COVID-19 related knowledge, attitude, and practices. Methods Pregnant and Postnatal women (n=223) were included and those who did not consent, and less than 16 weeks' gestation, were excluded. Read More

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Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice Towards COVID-19 Among People in Bangladesh: A Telephonic Cross-sectional Survey.

JMIR Form Res 2021 Apr 22. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Public Health Foundation, Bangladesh, 54, Inner Circular Road, Scaut Market, Naya Paltan, Dhaka, BD.

Background: The world has been grappling with COVID-19 since December 2019, a dire public health crisis. Preventive and control measures have been adopted to reduce the spread of COVID-19. To date, the public's knowledge, attitudes, and practices (KAP) regarding COVID-19 across Bangladesh are poorly understood. Read More

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Best research practices for using the Implicit Association Test.

Behav Res Methods 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Interest in unintended discrimination that can result from implicit attitudes and stereotypes (implicit biases) has stimulated many research investigations. Much of this research has used the Implicit Association Test (IAT) to measure association strengths that are presumed to underlie implicit biases. It had been more than a decade since the last published treatment of recommended best practices for research using IAT measures. Read More

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September 2021

Development and Validation of the Turkish Version of the Attitude Toward Professional Autonomy Scale for Nurses.

J Nurs Meas 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Eskisehir Osmangazi University Faculty of Health Science, Turkey.

Autonomy in nursing practice is one of the recurring fields in literature of research. For nurses to be autonomous is considered to have a great importance on the quality of healthcare services. This study aimed to examine the validity and reliability of the Turkish version of the Attitude Toward Professional Autonomy Scale for Nurses. Read More

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September 2021

Public knowledge, attitudes and practices related to antibiotic use and resistance in Singapore: a cross-sectional population survey.

BMJ Open 2021 Sep 13;11(9):e048157. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

National University Singapore Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, Singapore

Objectives: The WHO's Global Action Plan on Antimicrobial Resistance (AMR) includes increasing overall public awareness of appropriate antibiotic use and resistance as a key priority area. We aimed to measure public knowledge, attitudes and practices of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance in Singapore, as well as their healthcare-seeking behaviours relating to respiratory illnesses, providing baseline data against which to measure the progress of future interventions.

Design: A cross-sectional study. Read More

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September 2021

[Social representations of cardiovascular disease in the Tanvè Health Study (TAHES) cohort in Benin].

Ann Cardiol Angeiol (Paris) 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Service de médecine interne et polyclinique, CHU Dupuytren, Limoges, France.

Objective: To describe the social representations associated with cardiovascular diseases (CVD) in the village of Tanvè in Benin.

Methods: Focus groups discussions and semi-structured interviews were conducted among participants of Tanvè Health Study (TAHES) cohort. Audio recordings were made during the interviews, as well as some note-taking. Read More

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September 2021

Attitudes and perceived barriers to firearm safety anticipatory guidance by pediatricians: a statewide perspective.

Inj Epidemiol 2021 Sep 13;8(Suppl 1):21. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine, Division of Emergency Medicine, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, 3333 Burnet Avenue, ML #2008, Cincinnati, OH, 45229, USA.

Background: Firearms are the second leading cause of injury-related death in American children. Safe storage of firearms is associated with a significantly decreased odds of firearm-related death, however more than half of US firearm owners store at least one firearm unlocked or accessible to a minor. While guidance by primary care providers has been shown to improve storage practices, firearm safety counseling occurs infrequently in the primary care setting. Read More

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September 2021

Results of the patient report of intermittent catheterization experience (price) study.

Neurourol Urodyn 2021 Sep 13. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.

Aims: Patient satisfaction is paramount to health-related quality of life (HR-QoL) outcomes. High quality, quantitative data from the US describing patients' actual experiences, difficulties, and HR-QoL while on an intermittent self-catheterization (ISC) regimen is very scarce. Our objective was to better understand patient practices with and attitudes towards ISC. Read More

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September 2021

A Cross-Sectional Analysis to Evaluate Knowledge, Attitude And Practices Among Pregnant Women During COVID-19 Pandemic.

J Obstet Gynaecol India 2021 Sep 4:1-10. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India.

Objective: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices (KAP) towards COVID-19 among pregnant women at a tertiary care hospital.

Methods: This was a questionnaire-based cross-sectional analysis pertaining to COVID-19 which was conducted at a tertiary care obstetric facility in India among 200 consecutive consenting pregnant women. They were assessed for demographic details and KAP score (knowledge-17 questions, attitude-9 questions and practice-8 questions). Read More

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September 2021

COVID-19 and its long-term effects on activity participation and travel behaviour: A multiperspective view.

J Transp Geogr 2021 Jul 10;95:103144. Epub 2021 Jul 10.

Department of Geography, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium.

This paper discusses possible long-term effects of COVID-19 on activity-travel behaviour. Making use of theories and concepts from economics, psychology, sociology, and geography, this work argues that lasting effects can be expected, and specifically that peak demand among car and public transport users may be lower than if the pandemic would never have happened. The magnitude of such effects at the aggregate level in terms of the total travel time of all inhabitants of a country or state is likely limited. Read More

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Food safety knowledge, hygiene practices, and eating attitudes of academics and university students during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic in Turkey.

J Food Saf 2021 Aug 18:e12926. Epub 2021 Aug 18.

Department of Food Engineering, Faculty of Engineering and Architecture Muş Alparslan University Muş Turkey.

The purpose of this study is to assess the effect of the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on food safety knowledge, hygiene practices, and eating attitudes of academics and university students in Turkey. A cross-sectional survey invitation was emailed to the participants from various academic ranks and departments at chosen universities from different region of country. Academics were requested to forward the invitation email to enrolled students to their classes. Read More

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Differences in Attitudes and Practices of Cancer Pain Management between Medical Oncologists and Palliative Care Physicians.

Acta Med Okayama 2021 Aug;75(4):431-437

Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Okayama University Graduate School of Medicine, Dentistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences.

This study aimed to evaluate whether there are differences in the attitudes and practices of cancer pain manage-ment between medical oncologists and palliative care physicians. An online nationwide survey was used to collect responses from board-certified medical oncologists and palliative care physicians in Japan. The survey questionnaire comprised 30 questions. Read More

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Rural and Female Patients with Old Myocardial Infarction Lacked Knowledge and Preventive Measures During the Beginning of the COVID-19 Epidemic in Chongqing, Southwest China.

Med Sci Monit 2021 Sep 13;27:e928512. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Department of Cardiology, Yongchuan Hospital of Chongqing Medical University, Chongqing, China (mainland).

BACKGROUND Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) has emerged as a global threat. This study was performed to gain an understanding of COVID-19-related knowledge, attitudes, and practices among susceptible individuals. MATERIAL AND METHODS Patients who had been diagnosed with old myocardial infarction were followed up via telephone survey based on an established follow-up system at the beginning of the COVID-19 outbreak (January 2020) in Chongqing, Southwest China. Read More

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September 2021

Risk management in occupational safety: A systematic mapping.

Work 2021 Sep 4. Epub 2021 Sep 4.

Federal University of Paraná -Advanced Campus in Jandaia do Sul, Brazil.

Background: Occupational safety risk management is a systemic process capable of promoting technical engineering solutions, considering a wide range of predictable, unexpected and subjective factors related to accident occurrences. In Brazil, the behavior of managers in relation to risk management tends to be reactive, and facilitates access to information for crucial practical and academic purposes when it comes to changing the attitude of managers, so that their actions become increasingly more proactive.

Objective: To identify, classify, analyze, and discuss the existing literature related to the topic, produced from 2008 to 2020, besides contributing to a broader understanding of risk management in occupational safety. Read More

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September 2021

Pediatric primary care and subspecialist providers' comfort, attitudes and practices screening and referring for social determinants of health.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 13;21(1):956. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

Academic General Pediatrics, Social Pediatrics, Children's Hospital at Montefiore, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, 3544 Jerome Avenue, NY, 10467, Bronx, USA.

Background: Early detection and management of poverty-related disorders is a recommended pediatric practice; however, little is known about variations of practice between pediatric primary care physicians and subspecialists. The objectives of this study were to assess (1) provider perceptions and attitudes toward caring for low-income children in an urban academic medical center, and (2) variations between primary care physicians and subspecialists in social and financial needs screening and referral practices for low-income children.

Design/methods: Primary care providers (pediatric and family medicine) and subspecialists providing direct patient care in an urban academic medical center (response rate = 24 %, n = 85/356) completed a 24-item survey (adapted with permission from the AAP Periodic Survey of Fellows No. Read More

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September 2021

Collective empowerment of an online patient community: conceptualizing process dynamics using a multi-method qualitative approach.

BMC Health Serv Res 2021 Sep 13;21(1):958. Epub 2021 Sep 13.

VALLOREM Lab, University of Tours, 50 Avenue Jean Portalis, 37200, Tours, France.

Background: Online communities for patients with chronic conditions are becoming healthcare providers. They gather to offer support and services, and to become a collective oppositional force. We found, however, that these communities and their collective power are rarely studied in the health services management literature, which focuses more on the empowering practices of healthcare professionals or patient participation. Read More

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September 2021

Early perception, behavior, knowledge, and preventive practices related to COVID-19 among Palestinians.

Glob Health Promot 2021 Sep 11:17579759211035092. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Al-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestinian Territory, occupied.

It is necessary to understand early perception, behavior, and knowledge of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and preventive practices in relation to suggested policies and information accessible to the Palestinian population during the early stages of the pandemic. The aim of this research is to contribute to this understanding for the purpose of affecting future practical preventive policies that can be implemented and adapted in Palestine in order to shape a new reflective practices model to face any future epidemic crisis of any type. A cross-sectional design was used to conduct the study over 3 weeks in April 2020 and an online survey was disseminated in all areas of Palestine. Read More

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September 2021

Knowledge of COVID-19 among Health Care Workers at a Tertiary Care Hospital of Nepal: A Descriptive Cross-sectional Study.

JNMA J Nepal Med Assoc 2020 Nov 22;58(231):905-910. Epub 2020 Nov 22.

Department of Anaesthesiology, Tribhuvan University Teaching Hospital, Maharajgunj, Kathmandu, Nepal.

Introduction: Health care workers are at higher risk of infection with the coronavirus disease as they are directly involved in the treatment of infected patients and perform aerosol-generating procedures. Proper knowledge of this disease can influence the positive attitude, good practices and enhance their safety. We aim to study the knowledge of COVID-19 among health care workers of the tertiary care hospital of Nepal. Read More

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November 2020

Prevalence of bullying in orthodontic patients and its impact on the desire for orthodontic therapy, treatment motivation, and expectations of treatment.

J Orofac Orthop 2021 Sep 10. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

Orthodontic practice, Luisenstraße 10/11, 30159, Hannover, Germany.

Purpose: This study aims at investigating the prevalence of bullying due to malocclusions in a sample of German orthodontic patients. Thereby, we analyzed the influence of self-reported bullying on initiation, desire and motivation, and expectations of orthodontic therapy.

Patients And Methods: Patients completed questionnaires by themselves in three orthodontic practices (n = 1020, mean age 11. Read More

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September 2021

A Community Survey on the Prevalence, Determinants and Socioeconomic Factors associated with Skin Lightening Practices in Benin City, South-South, Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2021 08;38(8):800-806

University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin-City, Edo State, Nigeria.

Background: In Nigeria, many men and women from different socioeconomic classes, commonly incur expenses in the pursuit of lighter skin. This recurrent expenditure and the associated costs of the alternative foregone as well as added costs associated with management of the adverse effects have the capacity to negatively impact on the finances of individuals and households who engage in skin lightening practices.

Objectives: This study aimed to identify the sociodemographic characteristics of respondents in Benin City, Nigeria, determine the prevalence of the skin lightening practices among these respondents and explore the financial implications of these practices. Read More

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The Knowledge, Perception and Practices regarding the Novel COVID-19 among Undergraduate Clinical Dental Students in Nigeria.

West Afr J Med 2021 08;38(8):791-799

Department of Child Dental Health, Lagos University Teaching Hospital, Idi-Araba, , Lagos State, Nigeria.

Background: Corona virus disease 2019 (COVID -19), is an infectious disease that has become a major public health emergency of international concern. It is necessary that Nigerian dental students have adequate knowledge about prevention/control of COVID-19 pandemic in dental practice. This study aimed to assess the knowledge and perception about COVID-19 among Nigerian dental students and its impact on their academic life. Read More

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Consumers' Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices Toward Medicine Price Transparency at Private Healthcare Setting in Malaysia.

Front Public Health 2021 24;9:589734. Epub 2021 Aug 24.

Faculty of Pharmacy, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.

Medicine price transparency refers to the practice of making prices available to consumers for them to identify, compare, and select the medicine that provides the desired value. This study aimed to evaluate consumer knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding Malaysia's medicine price transparency initiative, as well as factors that may influence related good consumer practices in private healthcare settings. A cross-sectional, self-administered survey was conducted between May and July 2019 among consumers attending private healthcare institutions in Malaysia. Read More

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September 2021