5,298 results match your criteria attitudes mediated

Healthcare provider cultural competency and receptivity to colorectal cancer screening among African Americans.

Psychol Health Med 2021 Jun 22:1-12. Epub 2021 Jun 22.

Department of Family Medicine and Public Health Sciences, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, USA.

African Americans suffer disproportionately from colorectal cancer (CRC), due in part to disparities in CRC screening. Better understanding culturally relevant psychosocial factors that impact CRC screening is therefore critical. This study examined how African Americans' perceived cultural competency of their physician is associated with receptivity to take-home stool-based CRC screening. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Calls to Action (Mobilizing Information) on Cancer in Online News: Content Analysis.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Jun 21;23(6):e26019. Epub 2021 Jun 21.

Department of Communication, Faculty of Modern Languages and Communication, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Malaysia.

Background: The health belief model explains that individual intentions and motivation of health behaviors are mostly subject to external cues to action, such as from interpersonal communications and media consumptions. The concept of mobilizing information (MI) refers to a type of mediated information that could call individuals to carry out particular health actions. Different media channels, especially digital media outlets, play an essential role as a health educator to disseminate cancer health information and persuade and mobilize cancer prevention in the community. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Beneficial effects of robot-mediated class activities on a child with ASD and his typical classmates.

Int J Dev Disabil 2019 Feb 7;66(3):245-253. Epub 2019 Feb 7.

Department of Educational and Social Policy, University of Macedonia, Thessaloniki, Greece.

The current educational intervention investigates how the use of the educational robot as an assistive tool can aid young children with Autism Spectrum Disorder helping them strengthen relationships and improving their interaction with typically developing children. For this purpose an interdisciplinary road safety program was implemented involving the construction, programming and operation of a 3D LEGO robot bicycle model. The results showed that the use of educational robotics appeared to bring about a change in the indifferent attitude of the typically developing students towards the students with ASD. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF
February 2019

"I'm not going to be a guinea pig:" medical mistrust as a barrier to male contraception for Black American men in Los Angeles, CA.

Contraception 2021 Jun 9. Epub 2021 Jun 9.

The Lundquist Institute at Harbor-UCLA Medical Center, Torrance, CA.

Background: Racial disparities in unintended pregnancy and contraceptive use in the United States are not mediated by access to family planning services alone. Rather, a history of medical mistrust underlies Black Americans' adoption of new medical technologies, inclusive of contraception. Efforts to develop hormonal male contraceptives need to incorporate Black Americans' experiences and perspectives so that new contraceptives enable their reproductive goals and promote gender equity. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Promoting physical activity through text messages: the impact of attitude and goal priority messages.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2021 Mar 1;9(1):165-181. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Psychology, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Introduction: Many young adults demonstrate insufficient rates of physical activity (PA) to yield health benefits. The study tested the effectiveness of a text messaging intervention targeting key psychological determinants and PA.

Methods: Participants received either attitude messages, goal priority messages, a combination of these, or generic PA information (control). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Video-mediated breaking bad news simulation.

Clin Teach 2021 Jun 7. Epub 2021 Jun 7.

Virginia Commonwealth University Health System Ringgold standard institution - Surgery, Richmond, Virginia, USA.

Background: Communication between clinicians, patients, and families is a core component of medical care that requires deliberate practice and feedback to improve. In March 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic caused a sudden transformation in communication practices because of new physical distancing requirements, necessitating physicians to communicate bad news via telephone and video-mediated communication (VMC). This study investigated students' experience with a simulation-based communications training for having difficult conversations using VMC. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Gamblers' Perception of the Playscan Risk Assessment: A Mixed-Methods Study.

J Gambl Stud 2021 Jun 5. Epub 2021 Jun 5.

Centre for Psychiatry Research, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Karolinska Institutet and Stockholm Health Care Services, Region Stockholm, Stockholm, Sweden.

Responsible gambling (RG) tools are globally widespread; they aim to prevent or decrease the harm caused by gambling. However, existing research suggests that several included features do not decrease gambling or significantly reduce the subsequent harm. Most of the previous studies have used gambling data to understand the changes in gambling behavior. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mobile-Mediated Communication in Romantic Relationships: The Effects of Communication Indicators and Love Attitude on Relationship Quality.

Xueqing Li

Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

School of Media and Communication, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China.

Whether mobile phones benefit or sabotage close relationships has been a persistent subject of debate in media and communication studies. Because previous studies have demonstrated contrasting findings, further studies on this topic are required. Based on media richness theory and social penetration theory, this study investigated the direct and indirect associations between mobile communication and relationship quality (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

COVID-19 Experiences and Social Distancing: Insights From the Theory of Planned Behavior.

Am J Health Promot 2021 Jun 2:8901171211020997. Epub 2021 Jun 2.

Department of Psychiatry, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Purpose: The objective of this study is to identify the relationship between COVID-19 experiences, perceived COVID-19 behavioral control, social norms and attitudes, and future intention to follow social distancing guidelines.

Design: This is a cross-sectional study.

Setting: Participants responded to an on-line survey in June 2020. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Attitude toward Aging Mediates the Relationship between Personality and Mental Health in Older Adults.

Healthcare (Basel) 2021 May 17;9(5). Epub 2021 May 17.

Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China.

This study aimed to examine attitude toward aging as a potential mediator of the relationship between personality factors and mental health in terms of depression and life satisfaction among older adults. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 438 Ethiopian elderly individuals aged 60 to 69. The results of the regression-based path analysis showed that after adjusting for demographic data, the relationship between agreeableness and depression in older adults was partially mediated by attitude toward aging. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The Janus-faced effects of COVID-19 perceptions on family healthy eating behavior: Parent's negative experience as a mediator and gender as a moderator.

Scand J Psychol 2021 May 31. Epub 2021 May 31.

NHS Scotland, Glasgow, UK.

This research examines the effects of COVID-19 perceptions and negative experiences during the pandemic time on parental healthy eating behavior and whether these relationships interact with a parent's gender. We ran a survey of parents who had at least one child aged 3 to 17 years old living in the United Kingdom. We received 384 valid responses, which were analysed via a variance-based structural equation modeling approach to test our hypotheses. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Think Unique: Perceptions of Uniqueness Increases Resistance to Persuasion and Attitude-Intention Relations.

Front Psychol 2021 14;12:653031. Epub 2021 May 14.

Communication Studies Program, Department of Psychology, Iowa State University, Ames, IA, United States.

The present research examines whether the perceived uniqueness of one's thoughts and salience of uniqueness motivations can influence attitude strength and resistance. Participants who rated their thoughts as relatively unique formed attitudes that showed greater correspondence with behavioral intentions to act on the attitude (Study 1). In Study 2, participants who recalled a previous purchase motivated by the desire to be unique (versus to fit in) after generating message counterarguments were less persuaded (more resistant) and reported greater willingness to act on their (negative) attitude. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Trait Emotional Intelligence and Wellbeing During the Pandemic: The Mediating Role of Meaning-Centered Coping.

Front Psychol 2021 13;12:648401. Epub 2021 May 13.

Graduate Studies and Research Office, Lebanese American University, Byblos, Lebanon.

Studies investigating the COVID-19 pandemic from a psychological point of view have mostly focused on psychological distress. This study adopts the framework of existential positive psychology, a second wave of positive psychology that emphasizes the importance of effective coping with the negative aspects of living in order to achieve greater wellbeing. Trait emotional intelligence (trait EI) can be crucial in this context as it refers to emotion-related personality dispositions concerning the understanding and regulation of one's emotions and those of others. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Social Psychology of Coronavirus Disease 2019: Do Fatalism and Comparative Optimism Affect Attitudes and Adherence to Sanitary Protocols?

Front Psychol 2021 13;12:623005. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran.

The potential of mitigating the spreading rate and consequences of the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) currently depends on adherence to sanitary protocols (e.g., hand hygiene and social distancing). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Expectation and Evaluation of Spouse's Filial Piety and Marital Satisfaction in China.

Yongxia Gui

Front Psychol 2021 13;12:595854. Epub 2021 May 13.

Research Center of Psychological Health, Henan University of Economics and Law, Zhengzhou, China.

The present study examined the effect of expectation and evaluation of spouse's filial piety on marital satisfaction among young Chinese couples. We administered scales assessing gender role attitude, marital satisfaction, and expectation and evaluation of spouse's filial piety on 422 married participants and explored the relationships among these variables. The results showed the following: (1) gender role attitude mediated the relationship between participants' gender and evaluation of their spouse's filial piety. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Are ratings in the eye of the beholder? A non-technical primer on many facet Rasch measurement to evaluate rater effects on teacher behavior rating scales.

J Sch Psychol 2021 Jun 14;86:198-221. Epub 2021 May 14.

School of Special Education, School Psychology, Early Childhood Studies, University of Florida, USA.

Rater-mediated assessments, such as teacher behavior rating scales, measure student behavior indirectly through the lens of a rater. As a result, scores from rater-mediated assessments can be influenced by rater effects- individual differences in rater perspectives, attitudes, beliefs, and interpretation of rating scale items. Rater effects are a fundamental aspect of all rater-mediated assessments. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Mediating effects of stigma on the relationship between contact and willingness to care for people with mental illness among nursing students.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Aug 18;103:104973. Epub 2021 May 18.

School of Nursing, Peking University, Beijing, China. Electronic address:

Background: Previous studies have demonstrated that contact positively impacts nursing students' willingness to care for people with mental illness. However, studies that have explored the mechanism of such a relationship between contact and willingness remain few.

Objectives: To examine the direct relationship between contact and nursing students' willingness to care for people with mental illness and to explore the potential mediating roles of stigma. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The disgust traits: Self-other agreement in pathogen, sexual, and moral disgust sensitivity and their independence from HEXACO personality.

Emotion 2021 May 27. Epub 2021 May 27.

Department of Experimental and Applied Psychology, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam.

A broad literature indicates that pathogen, sexual, and moral disgust sensitivity relate to, among other things, political attitudes, moral condemnation, and symptoms of psychopathology. Consequently, disgust sensitivity has been widely assessed across subfields of psychology. Yet, no work has examined whether self-reports in disgust sensitivity reflect systematic trait variation that is detectable by others, and the extent to which such variation is distinct from broader personality. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors Associated With Racial/Ethnic Group-Based Medical Mistrust and Perspectives on COVID-19 Vaccine Trial Participation and Vaccine Uptake in the US.

JAMA Netw Open 2021 05 3;4(5):e2111629. Epub 2021 May 3.

Faith-Based Genetic Research Institute, Detroit, Michigan.

Importance: The impact of COVID-19 in the US has been far-reaching and devastating, especially in Black populations. Vaccination is a critical part of controlling community spread, but vaccine acceptance has varied, with some research reporting that Black individuals in the US are less willing to be vaccinated than other racial/ethnic groups. Medical mistrust informed by experiences of racism may be associated with this lower willingness. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

The role of identity in parental support for physical activity and healthy eating among overweight and obese children.

Health Psychol Behav Med 2020 Apr 27;8(1):185-201. Epub 2020 Apr 27.

School of Exercise Science, Physical & Health Education, University of Victoria, Victoria, Canada.

Parental support behaviors are established predictors of children's physical activity and healthy eating. However, little is known about predictors of these parental support behaviors. Identity (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Problem Orientation and Psychological Distress Among Adolescents: Do Cognitive Emotion Regulation Strategies Mediate Their Relationship?

Psychol Rep 2021 May 26:332941211018802. Epub 2021 May 26.

Department of Psychology, Koç University, Istanbul, Turkey.

Adolescence is a critical period for the development of attitudes and skills crucial in determining vulnerability for psychological distress. The current study aimed to focus on the association of problem orientation and cognitive emotion regulation strategies with psychological distress and demonstrate the mediator roles of adaptive and maladaptive cognitive emotion regulation strategies in the association of problem orientation with psychological distress. Data were collected from 335 adolescents (167 female) aged 14-to-18 years (M= 14. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Exploring Mechanisms of Mental Illness Stigma Reduction in Asian Canadian Men: Exploration Des Mécanismes de la Réduction des Stigmates de la Maladie Mentale Chez les Hommes Canadiens d'origine Asiatique.

Can J Psychiatry 2021 May 24:7067437211018674. Epub 2021 May 24.

Daphne Cockwell School of Nursing, Ryerson University, Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Objective: Although there is evidence of effective stigma reduction by various psychological and educational interventions, the mechanisms of change remain unclear. In this article, we examine hypothesized processes that might have mediated reductions in stigma observed among Asian men who had received in mental health promotion interventions in Greater Toronto Area, Canada.

Method: Our sample consisted of 495 Asian men, who received either acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT; = 133), contact-based empowerment education (CEE; = 149), combination of ACT and CEE ( = 152), or psychoeducation ( = 61). Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Handwashing Message Type Predicts Behavioral Intentions in the United States at the Beginning of the Global COVID-19 Pandemic.

Front Public Health 2021;9:583491. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Psychology, University of Toledo, Toledo, OH, United States.

Handwashing has been widely recommended to reduce the spread of COVID-19. Despite this, handwashing behavior remains low in the general public. Social marketing has been employed as a successful health promotion strategy for changing many health behaviors in the past. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors affecting motor development of toddlers who received cardiac corrective procedures during infancy.

Early Hum Dev 2021 Jul 11;158:105392. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Pediatrics, National Taiwan University Hospital, No. 7, Chung-Shan S. Rd, Taipei 10002, Taiwan, ROC. Electronic address:

Background: A risk adjustment in congenital heart surgery (RACHS-1) method was used for assessing quality of care in children undergoing congenital heart surgery. Children in RACHS-1 categories 1-4 had high survival rates. Little was known about these children and their prognosis of motor development during toddlerhood. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

'Because Everybody is so Different': a qualitative analysis of the lived experiences and information needs of rectal cancer survivors.

BMJ Open 2021 05 19;11(5):e043245. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Surgery, Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center, Lebanon, New Hampshire, USA

Objective: To (1) characterise (A) the lived experiences and (B) information needs of patients with rectal cancer; and (2) compare to the perceived lived experiences and information needs of colorectal surgeons.

Design: We conducted 1-hour semistructured qualitative interviews, dual independent transcript coding and thematic analysis.

Setting/participants: Interviews included rectal cancer survivors (stages I-III), some accompanied by caregivers, at Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and experienced colorectal surgeons. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Factors Contributing to Violent Discipline in the Classroom: Findings From a Representative Sample of Primary School Teachers in Tanzania.

J Interpers Violence 2021 May 19:8862605211015219. Epub 2021 May 19.

University of Bielefeld, Germany.

The need for intervention strategies aiming to reduce teachers' use of violent discipline methods has been expressed repeatedly, especially for countries where this practice is socially and legally accepted. Nevertheless, initial targets for interventions are not clearly identified, as factors contributing to teachers' use of violence are still understudied. In the present study, we examined the interplay between teachers' own experiences of violence, their attitudes, current stress, and their use of violent discipline in a representative sample of 173 Tanzanian primary school teachers (53. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Whistleblowing Against Doping Misconduct in Sport: A Reasoned Action Perspective With a Focus on Affective and Normative Processes.

J Sport Exerc Psychol 2021 May 19:1-13. Epub 2021 May 19.

Sheffield Hallam University.

Whistleblowing against doping misconduct represents an effective deterrent of doping use in elite competitive sport. The present study assessed the effects of social cognitive variables on competitive athletes' intentions to report doping misconduct. A second objective was to assess whether the effects of social norms on whistleblowing intentions were mediated by actor prototype evaluations and group identification and orientation. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Lifecourse-varying structural stigma, minority stress reactions and mental health among sexual minority male migrants.

Eur J Public Health 2021 May 19. Epub 2021 May 19.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Yale University School of Public Health, New Haven, CT, USA.

Background: Increasing evidence suggests that structural stigma (e.g. discriminatory laws, policies and population attitudes) can give rise to minority stress reactions (i. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Direct and mediated effects of treatment context on low back pain outcome: a prospective cohort study.

BMJ Open 2021 05 18;11(5):e044831. Epub 2021 May 18.

Department of Psychology, University of Southampton, Southampton, UK.

Objectives: Contextual components of treatment previously associated with patient outcomes include the environment, therapeutic relationship and expectancies. Questions remain about which components are most important, how they influence outcomes and comparative effects across treatment approaches. We aimed to identify significant and strong contextual predictors of patient outcomes, test for psychological mediators and compare effects across three treatment approaches. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF

Can we explain running-related injury preventive behavior? A path analysis.

Braz J Phys Ther 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Public and Occupational Health (DPOH), Amsterdam Public Health Research Institute (APH), Amsterdam Universities Medical Centers, Location VU University Medical Center Amsterdam (VUmc), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Amsterdam Collaboration on Health and Safety in Sports (ACHSS), Amsterdam Movement Sciences, Amsterdam Universities Medical Centers, location VU University Medical Center Amsterdam (VUmc), Amsterdam, The Netherlands; Division of Exercise Science and Sports Medicine (ESSM), Department of Human Biology, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa.

Background: Behavioral and social science theories/models have been gaining attention in sports injury prevention.

Objective: To investigate the potential of the Theory of Planned Behavior in explaining running-related injury preventive behavior.

Methods: Six-month prospective cohort study based on data gathered from a randomized controlled trial. Read More

View Article and Full-Text PDF