22,355 results match your criteria asymptomatic woman


Robotic-assisted proximal gastrectomy using the double-flap technique for early gastric cancer with situs inversus totalis: a case report.

Surg Case Rep 2021 Aug 2;7(1):172. Epub 2021 Aug 2.

Department of Gastrointestinal Surgery, Kansai Rosai Hospital, Amagasaki, Japan.

Background: The robotic system has been applied in the treatment of gastric cancer (GC), and the procedure has been found to be safe and feasible. Situs inversus totalis (SIT) is a relatively rare autosomal recessive congenital anomaly. We successfully performed robot-assisted proximal gastrectomy (RAPG) and handsewn double-flap esophagogastrostomy for GC in a patient with SIT. Read More

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Historical Origins for the Overestimation of Mammographic Sensitivity.

Cureus 2021 Jun 26;13(6):e15940. Epub 2021 Jun 26.

Oncology, Auroramri, Boston, USA.

The sensitivity of screening mammography for the early detection of breast cancer has improved over the years due to advances in technology. However, guidelines for screening mammography are often based on the mortality reductions demonstrated in the historic trials, where sensitivity with the first-generation mammography was relatively low. With attempts to establish risk:benefit ratios for population screening, it is important to understand the wide range of sensitivities that have been reported for mammography. Read More

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Laparoscopic Repair of Morgagni Hernia Combined with Right Hemicolectomy for Bleeding Ascending Colon Carcinoma Lodged within the Chest: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.

Case Rep Surg 2021 19;2021:5533203. Epub 2021 Jul 19.

Meritus Surgical Specialists, USA.

Background: Morgagni hernias are rare in adults and may be asymptomatic but, nevertheless, require surgical repair, with laparoscopy offering an excellent option. The colon dislodged into the chest through diaphragmatic hernias may be affected by various disorders, including malignancies. . Read More

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Malignant Degeneration of a Mature Ovarian Teratoma.

Case Rep Obstet Gynecol 2021 22;2021:5527467. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Gynecology-Obstetrics and Endoscopy Department, Maternity Souissi, University Hospital Center IBN SINA, University Mohammed V, Rabat, Morocco.

Mature cystic teratoma is the most common type of ovarian germ cell neoplasm, but occasionally, it can undergo malignant transformations, especially in postmenopausal women. These secondary malignant neoplasms are most commonly squamous cell carcinomas. The absence of clinical and radiological specificity of this transformation means that the diagnosis remains purely histological. Read More

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Asymptomatic Bacteriuria among Pregnant Women in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Prevalence, Causal Agents, and Their Antimicrobial Susceptibility.

Int J Microbiol 2021 17;2021:8418043. Epub 2021 Jul 17.

Aklilu Lemma Institute of Pathobiology, Addis Ababa University, P.O. Box 1176, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia.

Asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASBU) is an important health problem among pregnant women, particularly in low-income countries. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of ASBU and potential risk factors among pregnant women attending antenatal care centers in Addis Ababa. It also aimed to identify causal bacterial pathogens and to assess their antimicrobial susceptibility. Read More

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Pituitary Metastasis of Lung Neuroendocrine Carcinoma Mimicking Pituitary Adenoma:Case Report and Literature Review.

Front Endocrinol (Lausanne) 2021 14;12:678947. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital Capital Medical University, Beijing, China.

Pituitary metastasis is an unusual situation in clinical practice, while the incidence is increasing with age. Breast cancer for women and lung cancer for men were the most frequent primary origins of pituitary metastasis. Diagnosing asymptomatic patients with unknown primary malignant origin is difficult, thus pituitary metastasis may be diagnosed as primary pituitary adenoma. Read More

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Population-Based Evaluation of Indirect Signs of Increased Intracranial Pressure.

J Neuroophthalmol 2021 Jul 29. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Departments of Ophthalmology (EMW, JH, MTB, JJC), Radiology (JH, MTB, JJC), and Neurology (JKC-G), Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Rochester, Minnesota; and Department of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics (PWJ), Mayo Clinic College of Medicine and Science, Jacksonville, Florida.

Background: The Mayo Clinic Study of Aging (MCSA) is a unique prospective study that systematically evaluates the normal aging population and includes many participants undergoing both MRI and lumbar puncture (LP). Using MCSA date, we aimed to determine the prevalence of indirect signs of raised intracranial pressure (ICP) on MRI and whether these correlate with LP opening pressure (OP). This is a large-scale study that evaluates how often indirect signs of increased ICP occur in a normal population. Read More

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Case report: Infrequent littoral cell angioma of the spleen.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 27;85:106242. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

General Surgery Department, Hospital Vozandes de Quito S.A., Quito, Ecuador.

Introduction And Importance: Littoral cell angioma is a rare solid spleen tumor with uncertain malignant potential. It is usually asymptomatic; therefore, its diagnosis is usually incidental. There are approximately 150 cases reported in the medical literature, but none of them in the Hispanic population. Read More

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A magnetic resonance imaging study on the temporomandibular joint disc-condyle relationship in young asymptomatic adults.

Int J Oral Maxillofac Surg 2021 Jul 27. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, The Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, PR China. Electronic address:

The aim of this study was to assess the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc-condyle relationship in asymptomatic young adults. Ninety-three volunteers aged 19-23 years without temporomandibular disorder (TMD) symptoms underwent TMJ magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). The condylar centre and apex methods were used to measure and analyse the position of the disc in the oblique sagittal plane, and the reliability of the two methods was compared by calculating the intra-class correlation coefficient (ICC). Read More

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Primary synovial sarcoma of thyroid gland: A case report and review of literature.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 26;85:106245. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Colorectal Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Synovial cell sarcoma (SS) is an extremely rare mesenchymal malignancy, representing nearly 10% of all soft-tissue sarcomas. These high-grade soft tissue sarcomas commonly arise in the para-articular regions of lower extremities. However, 15% of Synovial sarcomas has been described at Unusual locations, including head, neck, and trunk. Read More

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Breast cancer screening using synthesized two-dimensional mammography: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Breast 2021 Jul 22;59:270-278. Epub 2021 Jul 22.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, Peking University Health Science Centre, Beijing, China.

Purpose: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to compare the screening performance of synthesized mammography (SM) plus digital breast tomosynthesis (DBT) with digital mammography (DM) plus DBT or DM alone.

Methods: Medline, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library databases were searched from January 2010 to January 2021. Eligible population-based studies on breast cancer screening comparing SM/DBT with DM/DBT or DM in asymptomatic women were included. Read More

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Single-cell RNA Sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 Cell Entry Factors in the Preconceptional Human Endometrium.

Hum Reprod 2021 Jul 30. Epub 2021 Jul 30.

Igenomix Foundation, INCLIVA Health Research Institute, C/Narcis de Monturiol Estarriol 11B, 46980, Valencia, Spain.

Study Question: Are SARS-CoV-2 canonical cell entry machinery, consisting of ACE2, TMPRSS2, NRP1 and LY6E, or alternative potential cell entry machinery, consisting of BSG, ANPEP, CD209, CLEC4G, TMPRSS4, TMPRSS11A, FURIN, CTSB, CTSL and IFITM1, expressed in the human endometrium across the menstrual cycle?

Summary Answer: Analysis of cell entry factors for SARS-CoV-2 by single-cell RNA-sequencing (scRNAseq) in the preconceptional human endometrium reveals low risk of infection.

What Is Known Already: Gene expression datasets from bulk endometrial tissue show no significant expression of the SARS-CoV-2 receptor ACE2 and TMPRSS2. This is in contrast to reported expression of ACE2 at the single-cell level in the decidua and trophoblast cells at the maternal-fetal interface in early pregnancy, as well as vertical transmission of SARS-CoV-2 during pregnancy. Read More

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A new hemophilia carrier nomenclature to define hemophilia in women and girls: Communication from the SSC of the ISTH.

J Thromb Haemost 2021 Aug;19(8):1883-1887

Aflac Cancer and Blood Disorders, Emory University, Decatur, Georgia, USA.

Hemophilia A and B predominantly attracts clinical attention in males due to X-linked inheritance, introducing a bias toward female carriers to be asymptomatic. This common misconception is contradicted by an increasing body of evidence with consistent reporting on an increased bleeding tendency in hemophilia carriers (HCs), including those with normal factor VIII/IX (FVIII/IX) levels. The term HC can hamper diagnosis, clinical care, and research. Read More

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Endogenous control of inflammation characterizes pregnant women with asymptomatic or paucisymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection.

Nat Commun 2021 07 29;12(1):4677. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences for Children and Adults, University of Modena and Reggio Emilia School of Medicine, Modena, Italy.

SARS-CoV-2 infection can affect all human beings, including pregnant women. Thus, understanding the immunological changes induced by the virus during pregnancy is nowadays of pivotal importance. Here, using peripheral blood from 14 pregnant women with asymptomatic or mild SARS-CoV-2 infection, we investigate cell proliferation and cytokine production, measure plasma levels of 62 cytokines, and perform a 38-parameter mass cytometry analysis. Read More

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Optic disc and choroidal metastases secondary to breast cancer: A case report.

Eur J Ophthalmol 2021 Jul 29:11206721211036287. Epub 2021 Jul 29.

Department B, Institut Hedi Rais d'ophtalmologie de Tunis, Tunis, Tunisia.

Aim: To report an uncommon case of optic disc and multiple choroidal metastases secondary to breast cancer, assessed with swept source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT), fluorescein (FA), and infracyanine (ICGA) angiographies.

Methods: Observational case report.

Case Presentation: A 40-year-old woman with history of left breast carcinoma presented with blurred vision in her right eye (RE). Read More

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Stability of Retained Inferior Vena Cava Filter Fragments After Filter Removal.

J Vasc Interv Radiol 2021 Jul 26. Epub 2021 Jul 26.

Department of Radiology, Division of Interventional Radiology, Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA. Electronic address:

Purpose: To assess the stability and outcome of fractured inferior vena cava (IVC) filter fragments that are retained in patients after IVC filter removal.

Materials And Methods: A retrospective analysis was conducted of all patients at a single tertiary referral center between May 2005 and June 2020 with follow-up of retained IVC filter fragment(s) after complex filter removal. IVC filter fragment stability was assessed by clinician review of imaging, chosen from available radiologic studies in order to best visualize fragments. Read More

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The prevalence of SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in triage-negative patients and staff of a fertility setting from lockdown release throughout 2020.

Hum Reprod Open 2021 27;2021(3):hoab028. Epub 2021 Jul 27.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, 'Carol Davila' University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania.

Study Question: What is the prevalence of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) antibodies in triage-negative patients undergoing ART and fertility care providers after lockdown release and throughout 2020?

Summary Answer: Out of the triage-negative patients whose blood samples were assessed for SARS-CoV-2 antibodies over 6 months, 5.2% yielded positive results with a significantly higher rate in health care workers (HCWs) and a significant month-by-month increase in those with evidence of antibodies.

What Is Known Already: Patients of reproductive age are more prone to asymptomatic or minimal forms of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) as compared to older age groups, and the identification of those with active infection and those already exposed (and probably immunized) is important for safety and cost-effective use of testing resources in the fertility setting. Read More

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Imaging features of the aging spine.

Pol J Radiol 2021 28;86:e380-e386. Epub 2021 Jun 28.

Department of Diagnostic Imaging, Gruca Teaching Hospital, Medical Center of Postgraduate Education, Otwock, Poland.

Among many degenerative abnormalities commonly found in spine imaging, not all are associated with the patient's symptoms. We aimed to assess features of the standard, asymptomatic aging process of the spine. In this narrative review, we emphasize studies that describe imaging features of the spine in asymptomatic populations of different age groups. Read More

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A rare case of pituitary metastasis from breast cancer detected on fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography that presented as insipid diabetes.

World J Nucl Med 2021 Apr-Jun;20(2):211-214. Epub 2020 Oct 23.

Department of Nuclear Medicine, Military Hospital of Instruction Mohamed V, Rabat, Morocco.

Pituitary metastases are rare, are generally asymptomatic, and often remain undiagnosed. Breast cancer is the most common primary cancer metastasizing to hypophysis in women. However, it is difficult to clinically and radiologically differentiate pituitary metastases from pituitary adenomas. Read More

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October 2020

Evaluation of myocardial perfusion and function in patients with asymptomatic beta-thalassemia major using myocardial gated single-photon-emission computed tomography.

World J Nucl Med 2021 Apr-Jun;20(2):145-149. Epub 2020 Dec 12.

The Persian Gulf Nuclear Medicine Research Center, Department of Molecular Imaging and Radionuclide Therapy (MIRT), Bushehr Medical University Hospital, Bushehr University of Medical Sciences, Bushehr, Iran.

This study was conducted to evaluate the cardiac perfusion and function of patients with beta-thalassemia major (TM) usingTc-MIBI cardiac gated single-photon-emission computed tomography (SPECT) and to compare the obtained indices with echocardiographic and hematological parameters. Patients with TM who were referred for regular blood transfusion and periodic checkup were included in this study. A questionnaire containing demographic and medical data was provided for all patients by an expert pediatrician. Read More

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December 2020

detection in urogenital specimens from symptomatic and asymptomatic men and women using the cobas TV/MG test.

J Clin Microbiol 2021 Jul 28:JCM0026421. Epub 2021 Jul 28.

Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA, USA.

is a prevalent sexually transmitted infection (STI). Diagnosis has historically relied on either microscopic analysis or culture, the latter being the previous gold standard. However, these tests are not readily available for male diagnosis, generally only perform well for symptomatic women, and are not as sensitive as nucleic acid amplification tests (NAATs). Read More

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To Be or Not To Be: A Case of Recurrent Swelling Syndrome of Thoracic Duct.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Jun 17;2(7):1070-1073. Epub 2020 Jun 17.

Department of Internal Medicine, University of Connecticut, Farmington, Connecticut.

Thoracic duct aneurysm is a rare entity presenting as a stable, asymptomatic, left supraclavicular swelling. We report an unusual case of a thoracic duct aneurysm in a 71-year-old woman presenting as a recurrent swelling syndrome of the left supraclavicular area associated with sporadic episodes of sharp left subcostal pain. (). Read More

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Incidental Diagnosis After a Car Accident: A Rare Case of Asymptomatic Uncorrected Tetralogy of Fallot.

JACC Case Rep 2020 Dec 16;2(15):2289-2294. Epub 2020 Dec 16.

Division of Cardiology, Ospedale degli Infermi, ASL Biella, Italy.

Tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) is a heterogeneous congenital heart disease that is occasionally diagnosed during adulthood. However, although they are often asymptomatic, adult patients with uncorrected TOF often have a poor prognosis. Poor outcomes indicate the importance of the identification and management of these patients, especially in the context of intercurrent disease or noncardiac surgery. Read More

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December 2020

Upper Airway Obstruction in an Adult: An Unusual Presentation-Dissection of the Cervical Aortic Arch.

Indian J Crit Care Med 2021 Jun;25(6):732-734

Department of ICU, Lyell McEwin Hospital, Adelaide, South Australia, Australia.

Cervical aortic arch is a rare congenital anomaly. It is usually asymptomatic and an incidental finding but can have symptoms of cough, hoarseness of voice, and dysphagia. Although an association with aneurysmal dilatation is described, dissection of a cervical aortic arch is hitherto an unreported complication. Read More

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Surgical resection of pulmonary crystal-storing histiocytosis with Sjögren's syndrome: A case report.

Int J Surg Case Rep 2021 Jul 14;85:106196. Epub 2021 Jul 14.

Department of Chest Surgery, Sasebo City General Hospital, 9-3 Hirase-cho, Sasebo, Nagasaki 857-8511, Japan. Electronic address:

Introduction And Importance: Crystal-storing histiocytosis (CSH) is a rare clinical entity characterized by an abnormal increase in the number of histiocytes with massive accumulation of crystallized immunoglobulins. Yano et al. reported only one case of gastric CSH associated with Sjögren's syndrome. Read More

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Impact of the COVID-19 Pandemic on Labor & Delivery Research Operations.

Am J Obstet Gynecol MFM 2021 Jul 23:100443. Epub 2021 Jul 23.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington University in St Louis.

Objective: Many research studies in the United States came to an abrupt halt when the World Health Organization declared the Coronavirus 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in March 2020, including ongoing perinatal studies addressing national rates of maternal and fetal morbidity. Research on Labor & Delivery units (L&D) was particularly vulnerable to setbacks due to universal COVID-19 testing policies and asymptomatic infection rates almost 16 times higher than that of other surgical units. We evaluated the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on L&D research operations and recruitment at a single center. Read More

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Predictors of Bacterial Vaginosis among Pregnant Women Attending Antenatal Clinic at Tertiary Care Hospital in Tanzania: A Cross Sectional Study.

East Afr Health Res J 2021 11;5(1):59-68. Epub 2021 Jun 11.

Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences.

Background: Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is one of the most common genital tract infections in pregnancy associated with an increased risk of pregnancy losses, maternal and perinatal morbidity and mortality. Different social behavioural and obstetric factors can contribute to the development of BV. Determining the predictors of BV could be the best way of identifying women at high risk of developing the disease. Read More

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Breast health screening: a UK-wide questionnaire.

BMJ Nutr Prev Health 2021 4;4(1):206-212. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Chemistry and Biosciences, University of Bradford, Bradford, UK.

Background: Currently, there is an unmet clinical need in identifying and screening women at high risk of breast cancer, where tumours are often aggressive and treatment intervention is too late to prevent metastasis, recurrence and mortality. This has been brought into sharp focus by the SARS-CoV-2 global pandemic, constantly changing hospital policies and surgical guidelines in reducing access to established screening and treatment regimens. Nipple aspirate fluid (NAF), is thought to provide a unique window into the biological processes occurring within the breast, particularly in the context of a developing neoplasm. Read More

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Late Onset of an Overlooked Follicular Thyroid Carcinoma Presenting as a Chest Wall Tumor 10 Years Following Thyroidectomy.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Jul-Aug;7(4):268-272. Epub 2021 Mar 5.

Department of General Surgery, Istanbul University Faculty of Medicine, Istanbul, Turkey.

Objective: Metastatic chest wall tumors resulting from thyroid carcinomas are not unusual; however, the late onset of metastasis of a follicular thyroid carcinoma (FTC) is extremely rare. We aim to present a report of a case with chest wall metastasis of an FTC 10 years following thyroidectomy.

Methods: Among the studies performed were chest wall tumor imaging, serum thyroid stimulating hormone determination, and histopathology of the chest wall tumor and thyroid tissue examination. Read More

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Acute Hyponatremia After a Religious Fast.

AACE Clin Case Rep 2021 Jul-Aug;7(4):236-238. Epub 2021 Mar 4.

Columbia University Irving Medical Center, Department of Medicine, Division of Nephrology, New York, New York.

Objective: Our objective is to describe how polydipsia and intake of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) after fasting while breastfeeding may result in acute symptomatic hyponatremia.

Case Report: We present the case of a 24-year-old woman at 4 weeks postpartum who engaged in a 20-hour fast from both eating and drinking, during which she continued to breastfeed her newborn child. After ending her fast, she noted decreased milk supply. Read More

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