104 results match your criteria assigning japanese

Constructing Japanese MeSH term dictionaries related to the COVID-19 literature.

Genomics Inform 2021 Sep 30;19(3):e25. Epub 2021 Sep 30.

Computer Science Department, The University of Sheffield, Western Bank, Sheffield S10 2TN, UK.

The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has led to a flood of research papers and the information has been updated with considerable frequency. For society to derive benefits from this research, it is necessary to promote sharing up-to-date knowledge from these papers. However, because most research papers are written in English, it is difficult for people who are not familiar with English medical terms to obtain knowledge from them. Read More

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September 2021

Barriers to International Telemedicine Conferencing: A Survey of the National University Hospital Council of Japan.

Telemed J E Health 2021 Jun 29. Epub 2021 Jun 29.

Telemedicine Development Center of Asia, International Medical Department, Kyushu University Hospital, Fukuoka, Japan.

Telemedicine conferencing is expected to become commonly used internationally. However, national reports on internationally related telemedicine are limited, and related activities and challenges in each country are unclear. In this study, we aimed to clarify the current status and barriers to international telemedicine conferencing in Japan. Read More

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[A Simple Method for Computationally Generating Metal Artifacts in CT Images for Treatment Planning: A Pilot Phantom Study].

Nihon Hoshasen Gijutsu Gakkai Zasshi 2021 ;77(5):445-453

Department of Radiological Technology, Graduate School of Health Sciences, Niigata University.

Purpose: In treatment planning for radiation therapy, the use of computed tomography (CT) images including metal artifacts causes a reduction in the dose calculation accuracy. In clinical practice, the artifacts are manually contoured and assigned an appropriate fixed CT number. To validate the procedure, images taken before and after metal insertion into a patient are required, which may be impractical. Read More

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Association Between Adherence to Healthy Lifestyles and Depressive Symptoms Among Japanese Hospital Workers During the COVID-19 Pandemic.

Asia Pac J Public Health 2021 Apr 8:10105395211007604. Epub 2021 Apr 8.

Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.

The objective of this study was to investigate the association between adherence to healthy lifestyles (as measured by the healthy lifestyle index [HLI]) and depressive symptoms among staff members at a large national medical institution in Tokyo, Japan, during the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. The study sample consisted of 1228 staff members aged between 21 and 73 years who participated in a cross-sectional survey conducted in July 2020. We constructed the HLI by assigning 1 point to each healthy lifestyle factor: normal body mass index, sufficient physical activity, non-smoking status, non-to-moderate alcohol consumption, and sufficient sleep duration. Read More

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Is Blood Eosinophil Count a Biomarker for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease in a Real-World Clinical Setting? Predictive Property and Longitudinal Stability in Japanese Patients.

Diagnostics (Basel) 2021 Feb 27;11(3). Epub 2021 Feb 27.

Data Research Section, Kondo Photo Process Co., Ltd., Osaka 543-0011, Japan.

The authors examined predictive properties and the longitudinal stability of blood eosinophil count (BEC) or three strata (<100 cells/mm, 100-299 cells/mm and ≥300 cells/mm) in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for up to six and a half years as part of a hospital-based cohort study. Of the 135 patients enrolled, 21 (15.6%) were confirmed to have died during the follow-up period. Read More

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February 2021

Introduction of family-based treatment to Japan with adaptations to optimize the cultural acceptability and advance current traditional treatments of adolescent anorexia nervosa.

Int J Eat Disord 2021 01 9;54(1):117-119. Epub 2020 Nov 9.

Tokyo International Psychotherapy Futako-Tamagawa Office, Tokyo, Japan.

Given the lack of clear consensus on effective treatment models for adolescent anorexia nervosa in Japan, treatment programs offered to this population vary widely between treatment facilities with limited testing of outcomes. Importantly, families have traditionally been left out of the core treatment process, as they are commonly viewed as being powerless in renourishing their child. The purpose of this commentary was to report the authors' preliminary efforts to introduce and implement family-based treatment (FBT) in Japan so that, on par with international standards of practice, FBT may become the first-line treatment option for Japanese families. Read More

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January 2021

Race, Ethnicity, and Clinical Outcomes in Hormone Receptor-Positive, HER2-Negative, Node-Negative Breast Cancer in the Randomized TAILORx Trial.

J Natl Cancer Inst 2021 04;113(4):390-399

Montefiore Medical Center, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, USA.

Background: Black race is associated with worse outcomes in early breast cancer. We evaluated clinicopathologic characteristics, the 21-gene recurrence score (RS), treatment delivered, and clinical outcomes by race and ethnicity among women who participated in the Trial Assigning Individualized Options for Treatment.

Methods: The association between clinical outcomes and race (White, Black, Asian, other or unknown) and ethnicity (Hispanic vs non-Hispanic) was examined using proportional hazards models. Read More

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Quality of work among part-time nurses and its relationship to job satisfaction and work values: A cross-sectional study.

Nurs Health Sci 2020 Dec 23;22(4):1010-1021. Epub 2020 Aug 23.

Department of Nursing Administration, Division of Health Sciences and Nursing, Graduate School of Medicine, The University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan.

This study compared the quality of work between part-time and full-time nurses and investigated the relationship between quality of work and satisfaction with the work itself among part-time nurses. Quality of work was measured by specific work content and job characteristics. It was hypothesized that work content would affect satisfaction mediated by job characteristics. Read More

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December 2020

open-japanese-mesh: assigning MeSH UIDs to Japanese medical terms via open Japanese-English glossaries.

Genomics Inform 2020 Jun 16;18(2):e22. Epub 2020 Jun 16.

National Bioscience Database Center, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo 102-8666, Japan.

The Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) system is a controlled vocabulary for indexing biomedical documents that is used for document retrieval and other natural language processing purposes. However, although the original English MeSH is freely available, its Japanese translation has a restricted license. We attempted to create an open alternative, and for this purpose we made a script for assigning MeSH UIDs to Japanese medical terms using Japanese-English glossaries. Read More

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Impact of Bladder Neck Involvement on Recurrence in Patients With Non-muscle-invasive Bladder Cancer: An Analysis Based on a Time-dependent Model.

Clin Genitourin Cancer 2020 04 16;18(2):e62-e70. Epub 2019 Oct 16.

Department of Urology, Tokyo Medical and Dental University Graduate School, Tokyo, Japan. Electronic address:

Background: Tumor location in bladder neck has reported to be a prognostic factor for non-muscle-invasive bladder cancer (NMIBC). We investigated the impact of bladder neck involvement (BNI) on recurrence in NMIBC using time-dependent covariate analysis.

Patients And Methods: We enrolled 585 Japanese patients who underwent transurethral resection for bladder tumors at a single center from 2000 to 2016 and were pathologically diagnosed with Ta and T1 NMIBC. Read More

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Calculating the Tumor Nuclei Content for Comprehensive Cancer Panel Testing.

J Thorac Oncol 2020 01 9;15(1):130-137. Epub 2019 Oct 9.

Department of Pathology and Molecular Diagnostics, Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya, Japan. Electronic address:

Comprehensive genetic panel testing generally requires that the analyzed tissues have a percent tumor nuclei (%TN) content of 20% or more to achieve assay performance comparable to the validated specifications. Pathologists play a crucial role in ensuring that the optimal results are achieved by accurately assigning %TN content of the available specimens and selecting the best material to submit for sequencing. This study addresses the issues in evaluating %TN, such as intraobserver variability, and examines whether focused training and feedback can improve pathologist performance. Read More

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January 2020

Dental ancestry estimation in a 1500 years old human skeleton from Slovenia using a new web-based application rASUDAS.

J Forensic Odontostomatol 2019 09 30;37(2):2-8. Epub 2019 Sep 30.

Freelance Physical Anthropologist, Žiri, Slovenia.

The present study was performed on a skeleton excavated from the Late Roman Period necropolis in Ptuj, Eastern Slovenia. Previous anthropological analysis has revealed that the skeleton belongs to a male, who died in his early twenties; however, determination of ancestry was problematic. The skull displays artificial cranial deformation of circular fronto-occipital type and shows some Asiatic anthroposcopic features. Read More

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September 2019

Resources for assigning MeSH IDs to Japanese medical terms.

Yuka Tateisi

Genomics Inform 2019 Jun 27;17(2):e16. Epub 2019 Jun 27.

National Bioscience Database Center, Japan Science and Technology Agency, Tokyo 102-8666, Japan.

Medical Subject Headings (MeSH), a medical thesaurus created by the National Library of Medicine (NLM), is a useful resource for natural language processing (NLP). In this article, the current status of the Japanese version of Medical Subject Headings (MeSH) is reviewed. Online investigation found that Japanese-English dictionaries, which assign MeSH information to applicable terms, but use them for NLP, were found to be difficult to access, due to license restrictions. Read More

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Prospective Study on the Association Between Adherence to Healthy Lifestyles and Depressive Symptoms Among Japanese Employees: The Furukawa Nutrition and Health Study.

J Epidemiol 2020 Jul 1;30(7):288-294. Epub 2019 Jun 1.

Department of Epidemiology and Prevention, Center for Clinical Sciences, National Center for Global Health and Medicine.

Background: While a growing body of research suggests a protective role of healthy lifestyle against depression, evidence from prospective studies is scarce. We constructed a healthy lifestyle index (HLI) and examined its prospective association with depressive symptoms in a Japanese working population.

Methods: Participants were 917 employees (19-68 years old) who were free from depressive symptoms at baseline in 2012-2013 and attended the 3-year follow-up survey. Read More

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Risk Model Development and Validation for Prediction of Coronary Artery Aneurysms in Kawasaki Disease in a North American Population.

J Am Heart Assoc 2019 06;8(11):e011319

2 Department of Cardiology Boston Children's Hospital Boston MA.

Background Accurate prediction of coronary artery aneurysms ( CAAs ) in patients with Kawasaki disease remains challenging in North American cohorts. We sought to develop and validate a risk model for CAA prediction. Methods and Results A binary outcome of CAA was defined as left anterior descending or right coronary artery Z score ≥2. Read More

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The classification of feeding and eating disorders in the ICD-11: results of a field study comparing proposed ICD-11 guidelines with existing ICD-10 guidelines.

BMC Med 2019 05 14;17(1):93. Epub 2019 May 14.

Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse, World Health Organization, Geneva, Switzerland.

Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) International Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems (ICD) is used globally by 194 WHO member nations. It is used for assigning clinical diagnoses, providing the framework for reporting public health data, and to inform the organization and reimbursement of health services. Guided by overarching principles of increasing clinical utility and global applicability, the 11th revision of the ICD proposes major changes that incorporate empirical advances since the previous revision in 1992. Read More

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Masked ambiguity - Emotion identification in schizophrenia and major depressive disorder.

Psychiatry Res 2018 12 28;270:852-860. Epub 2018 Oct 28.

Department of Psychology, Kawamura Gakuen Women's University, Faculty of Liberal Arts, 1133 Sageto, Abiko-city, Chiba 270-1138, Japan. Electronic address:

Both patients with schizophrenia and with a major depressive disorder (MDD) display deficits in identifying facial expressions of emotion during acute phases of their illness. However, specific deficit patterns have not yet been reliably demonstrated. Tasks that employ emotionally ambiguous stimuli have recently shown distinct deficit patterns in patients with schizophrenia compared to other mental disorders as well as healthy controls. Read More

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December 2018

Comparison of Equity Preferences for Life Expectancy Gains: A Discrete Choice Experiment Among the Japanese and Korean General Public.

Value Health Reg Issues 2019 May 7;18:8-13. Epub 2018 Nov 7.

Faculty of Economics, Konan University, Kobe, Japan.

Background: Setting priorities for limited public resources has become a topic of heated discussion the world over. Assigning different weights for the health gains of different population groups allows for equity considerations in cost-effectiveness analysis. However, only a few empirical works have elicited the preferences of the general public. Read More

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The Geometry of Emotions: Using Chakra Acupuncture and 5-Phase Theory to Describe Personality Archetypes for Clinical Use.

Med Acupunct 2018 Aug;30(4):167-178

Department of Anesthesiology, University of Vermont Medical Center and Larner College of Medicine, Burlington, VT.

The 5-Phase theory of Traditional Chinese Medicine has been an integral part of medical acupuncture for 2000 years. The research of John R. Cross PhD, PhDAc, has resulted in a further evolution of the 5-Phase theory to include the Ayurvedic chakra energy centers. Read More

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Do mental health professionals use diagnostic classifications the way we think they do? A global survey.

World Psychiatry 2018 Jun;17(2):187-195

Global Mental Health Program, Columbia University, College of Physicians and Surgeons and Research Foundation for Mental Hygiene, New York, NY, USA.

We report on a global survey of diagnosing mental health professionals, primarily psychiatrists, conducted as a part of the development of the ICD-11 mental and behavioural disorders classification. The survey assessed these professionals' use of various components of the ICD-10 and the DSM, their attitudes concerning the utility of these systems, and usage of "residual" (i.e. Read More

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Effects of Acupuncture on Cancer-Related Cognitive Impairment in Chinese Gynecological Cancer Patients: A Pilot Cohort Study.

Integr Cancer Ther 2018 09 26;17(3):737-746. Epub 2018 May 26.

1 The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, SAR, China.

Background: Among women in China, gynecological cancers are the second most common cancers after breast cancer. Cancer-related cognitive impairment (CRCI) has emerged as a significant problem affecting gynecological cancer survivors. While acupuncture has been used in different aspects of cancer care, the possible positive effects of acupuncture on cognitive impairment have received little attention. Read More

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September 2018

Single nucleotide polymorphisms and haplotypes of carbonic anhydrase 9 can predict invasive squamous cell carcinoma of uterine cervix.

Int J Med Sci 2018 14;15(6):587-594. Epub 2018 Mar 14.

Institute of Medicine, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan.

This study aimed to explore the involvement of carbonic anhydrase 9 (CA9) single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the development of invasive cancer of uterine cervix for Taiwanese women. Ninety-seven patients with cervical invasive squamous cell carcinoma and 88 with preinvasive squamous cell lesions as well as 324 control women were recruited. Two CA9 SNPs in exons, including rs2071676 (+201, G/A) in exon 1 and rs3829078 (+1081, A/G) in exon 7, rs1048638 (+1584, C/A) in 3'-untranslated region of exon 11, as well as an 18-base pair deletion/insertion (376deltion393) in exon 1 were selected and their genotypic distributions were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Read More

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September 2018

Quantifying underreporting of law-enforcement-related deaths in United States vital statistics and news-media-based data sources: A capture-recapture analysis.

PLoS Med 2017 Oct 10;14(10):e1002399. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

Department of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Background: Prior research suggests that United States governmental sources documenting the number of law-enforcement-related deaths (i.e., fatalities due to injuries inflicted by law enforcement officers) undercount these incidents. Read More

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October 2017

Comparison of ethnic group classification using naming analysis and routinely collected data: application to cancer incidence trends in children and young people.

BMJ Open 2017 Sep 24;7(9):e016332. Epub 2017 Sep 24.

Division of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Medicine, University of Leeds, Leeds, UK.

Objective: Inpatient Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) ethnicity data are available but not always collected and data quality can be unreliable. This may have implications when assessing outcomes by ethnicity. An alternative method for assigning ethnicity is using naming algorithms. Read More

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September 2017

Clinical Classification of Degree of Deficiency in Color Defectiveness: Simulations by Changing the Total Number of Caps or Saturation of Farnsworth Dichotomous Test D-15.

Tetsushi Yasuma

Nippon Ganka Gakkai Zasshi 2017 Jun;121(6):464-73

Purpose: For the purpose of classification for social adaptability of color vision defectiveness, the Farnsworth Dichotomous Test D-15(Test D-15)was applied to distinguish a severe group from other cases. Following this, the Ichikawa Lantern was employed to separate a moderate from a mild group. Majima's classification has provided a convenient framework for identifying color vision defectiveness for the past several decades. Read More

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Association Between Cardiovascular Health and Endothelial Function With Future Erectile Dysfunction: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis.

Am J Hypertens 2017 Aug;30(8):815-821

Department of Preventive Medicine, Feinberg School of Medicine, Northwestern University, Chicago, Illinois, USA.

Background: The association of Cardiovascular Health (CVH; defined by the American Heart Association by assigning points for health-related behavioral and clinical factors) with endothelial and erectile dysfunction has not been reported, although endothelial and erectile dysfunction have been associated with components of CVH.

Methods: Data were collected in 1,136 men in the Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis at baseline and erectile dysfunction status (measured by survey or medication use) at exam 5. CVH was determined with 7 health metrics. Read More

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HEART score performance in Asian and Caucasian patients presenting to the emergency department with suspected acute coronary syndrome.

Eur Heart J Acute Cardiovasc Care 2018 Oct 31;7(7):591-601. Epub 2017 Mar 31.

1 Laboratory of Experimental Cardiology, University Medical Centre Utrecht, The Netherlands.

Background: The HEART score is a simple and effective tool to predict short-term major adverse cardiovascular events in patients suspected of acute coronary syndrome. Patients are assigned to three risk categories using History, ECG, Age, Risk factors and Troponin (HEART). The purpose is early rule out and discharge is considered safe for patients in the low risk category. Read More

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October 2018

Lay Health Worker Intervention Improved Compliance with Hepatitis B Vaccination in Asian Americans: Randomized Controlled Trial.

PLoS One 2016 12;11(9):e0162683. Epub 2016 Sep 12.

Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, School of Public Health, University of Maryland, College Park, Maryland, United States of America.

Background: This study aimed to evaluate the effect of a lay health worker (LHW) telephone intervention on completing a series of hepatitis B virus (HBV) vaccinations among foreign-born Asian Americans in the Baltimore-Washington Metropolitan area.

Methods: During the period of April 2013 and March 2014, we recruited Asian Americans who were 18 years of age and older in the community-based organizations. Of the 645 eligible participants, 600 (201 Chinese, 198 Korean, 201 Vietnamese) completed a pretest survey and received hepatitis B screening. Read More

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[Decision Making and Electrodermal Activity].

Brain Nerve 2016 Aug;68(8):911-8

Department of Informatics, Faculty of Informatics, Tokyo University of Information Sciences.

Decision making is aided by emotions. Bodily responses, such as sweating, heartbeat, and visceral sensation, are used to monitor the emotional state during decision making. Because decision making in dairy life is complicated and cognitively demanding, these bodily signals are thought to facilitate the decision making process by assigning positive or negative values for each of the behavioral options. Read More

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A register-based study of the association between air pollutants and hypertensive disorders in pregnancy among the Japanese population.

Environ Res 2015 Oct;142:644-50

Environmental Epidemiology Section, Center for Environmental Health Sciences, National Institute for Environmental Studies, Onogawa 16-2, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8506, Japan.

Background: Ambient air pollution is hypothesized to be a risk factor for hypertensive disorders in pregnancy, one of the major pregnancy complications. Past studies have reported the supporting evidence, however this mainly referred to the Western population, and results from trimester-specific analysis have been varied. In this study, we focused on exposure during the first trimester of pregnancy (placental development stage), and tested the hypothesis among the Japanese population. Read More

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October 2015