416,295 results match your criteria assay nested-pcr

Evaluation of an antigen-based test for hospital point-of-care diagnosis of SARS-CoV-2 infection.

J Clin Virol 2021 Apr 21;139:104838. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Microbiology and Virology Unit, University Hospital Città della Salute e della Scienza di Torino, Turin, Italy.

Background: An accurate diagnosis is essential to identify and manage SARS-CoV-2 infected patients and implement infection control measures. Although real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) is the current recommended laboratory method, several rapid antigen point-of-care tests (POCTs) were developed as frontline testing for SARS-CoV-2 infection diagnosis.

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess a recently CE-approved POCT, SARS-CoV-2 Ag Test on the LumiraDx™ Platform (LumiraDx GmbH, Cologne, Germany) for the identification of SARS-COV-2 infected subjects at hospital setting. Read More

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An oncolytic vaccinia virus armed with anti-human-PD-1 antibody and anti-human-4-1BB antibody double genes for cancer-targeted therapy.

Biochem Biophys Res Commun 2021 May 1;559:176-182. Epub 2021 May 1.

School of Life Sciences, Shanghai University, Shanghai, China; GeneSail Biotech (Shanghai) Co., Ltd., Shanghai, China. Electronic address:

Oncolytic virus can selectively recognize cancer cells, target tumors, and stimulate an oncolytic and immune response. Recombinant armed oncolytic vaccinia virus has emerged as an attractive tool in oncolytic virotherapy because it has tumor-specific cytotoxicity and serves as a vector to express immune genes. A novel thymidine kinase (TK) gene-deleted oncolytic vaccinia virus (named ΔTK-Armed-VACV) armed with anti-human-programed cell death-1 protein (PD-1) antibody and anti-human-tumor necrosis factor receptor superfamily, member 9 (4-1BB) antibody genes was constructed based on Western Reserve in our previous study. Read More

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Evaluation of potential COVID-19 recurrence in patients with late repeat positive SARS-CoV-2 testing.

PLoS One 2021 4;16(5):e0251214. Epub 2021 May 4.

Division of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, Department of Medicine, Intermountain Healthcare, Salt Lake City, UT, United States of America.

Background: SARS-CoV-2 reinfection and reactivation has mostly been described in case reports. We therefore investigated the epidemiology of recurrent COVID-19 SARS-CoV-2.

Methods: Among patients testing positive for SARS-CoV-2 between March 11 and July 31, 2020 within an integrated healthcare system, we identified patients with a recurrent positive SARS-CoV-2 reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) assay ≥60 days after an initial positive test. Read More

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Circ_0017956 promotes the proliferation and metastasis of non-small cell lung cancer through regulating miR-515-5p/ITGB8 axis.

Na Li Dan Zhu

Cell Cycle 2021 May 4:1-13. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Respiratory, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Dalian Medical University, Dalian, China.

Circular RNAs (circRNAs) have been reported to exert vital roles in the tumorigenesis of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The study aimed to probe the function of circ_0017956 in NSCLC development. The expression of circ_0017956, microRNA (miR)-515-5p and integrin subunit beta 8 (ITGB8) was gauged by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or western blot. Read More

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Evodiamine Enhanced the Anti-Inflammation Effect of Clindamycin in the BEAS-2B Cells Infected with H5N1 and Pneumoniae D39 Through CREB-C/EBPβ Signaling Pathway.

Viral Immunol 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Center Laboratory, Guangzhou Women and Children's Medical Center, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Pneumonia is a pulmonary disease among children. Evodiamine, a traditional Chinese medicine, is known for anti-inflammatory effect. This study aimed to investigate the impact of evodiamine on severe pneumonia-like cells and the underlying mechanism involved. Read More

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Qualitative and quantitative detection of SARS-CoV-2 RNA in untreated wastewater in Western Cape Province, South Africa.

S Afr Med J 2021 Jan 28;111(3):198-202. Epub 2021 Jan 28.

Biomedical Research and Innovation Platform, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa; Division of Medical Physiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa.

Recent studies have shown that the detection of SARS-CoV-2 genetic material in wastewater may provide the basis for a surveillance system to track the environmental dissemination of this virus in communities. An effective wastewater-based epidemiology (WBE) system may prove critical in South Africa (SA), where health systems infrastructure, testing capacity, personal protective equipment and human resource capacity are constrained. In this proof-of-concept study, we investigated the potential of SARS-CoV-2 RNA surveillance in untreated wastewater as the basis for a system to monitor COVID-19 prevalence in the population, an early warning system for increased transmission, and a monitoring system to assess the effectiveness of interventions. Read More

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January 2021

Cisatracurium inhibits the growth and induces apoptosis of ovarian cancer cells by promoting lincRNA-p21.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1505-1516

Department of Anesthesiology, Affiliated Hospital of Qingdao University, Qingdao, Shandong, China.

As a common muscle relaxant, cisatracurium has shown good antitumor effect on some tumors. Recent studies reported that cisatracurium could inhibit the progression of colon cancer by upregulating tumor suppressor gene p53. However, its role in ovarian cancer and its regulatory effect on p53 and p53 downstream targeting gene long intergenic noncoding RNA p21 (lincRNA-p21) is still unknown. Read More

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December 2021

lncRNA Mirt2 upregulates miR-1246 through methylation to suppress LPS-induced lung cell apoptosis.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Infectious Diseases, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China.

Introduction: Long noncoding RNA Mirt2 has been proven to be a suppressor of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) (a key player in sepsis)-induced inflammation responses. Therefore, Mirt2 may also participate in sepsis. This study was carried out to analyze the interactions between Mirt2 and microRNA-1246 (miR-1246) in sepsis, with a specific focus on sepsis-induced acute lung injury (sepsis-ALI). Read More

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Concurrent Stroke and Myocardial Infarction After Mild COVID-19 Infection.

Neurologist 2021 May 5;26(3):86-89. Epub 2021 May 5.

Department of Neurology, Stroke Center.

Introduction: The concurrency of both, acute stroke and acute myocardial infarction in normal conditions, outside the pandemic is rare. Coagulopathy has been associated with the inflammatory phase of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) and might be involved in this concurrency.

Cases Report: We describe 2 patients with previous mild or no symptoms of COVID-19, admitted for acute stroke with recent/simultaneous myocardial infarction in whom admission polymerase chain reaction was negative but serologic testing diagnosed COVID-19. Read More

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Long non-coding RNA XIST promotes retinoblastoma cell proliferation, migration, and invasion by modulating microRNA-191-5p/brain derived neurotrophic factor.

Bioengineered 2021 Dec;12(1):1587-1598

Department of ophtalmology, The First Affiliated Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan, China.

Long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) X-inactive specific transcript (XIST) is oncogenic in multiple cancers. Herein, the present study is aimed at delving into how XIST functions in retinoblastoma (RB) and investigating its underlying mechanism. In this study, XIST, miR-191-5p, BDNF mRNA, and BDNF expression levels in RB tissues or cell lines were examined by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) or Western blot. Read More

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December 2021

Calcyclin (S100A6) Attenuates Inflammatory Response and Mediates Apoptosis of Chondrocytes in Osteoarthritis via the PI3K/AKT Pathway.

Orthop Surg 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Institute of Orthopaedics, Tianjin Hospital, Tianjin, China.

Objective: To clarify the regulatory effect of Calcyclin (S100A6) on chondrocytes apoptosis and its relationship with progression of osteoarthritis in an effort to explore potential therapeutic targets for osteoarthritis.

Method: Immunofluorescence assay was produced to identify the rat chondrocyte sample and western blots assay was detected the expression changes of S100A6 between control group and osteoarthritis model which induced by interleukin-1β. Adenovirus were transfected into the chondrocytes in vitro, in order to regulate the S100A6 expression. Read More

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Galectin-1 ameliorates perioperative neurocognitive disorders in aged mice.

CNS Neurosci Ther 2021 May 4. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Anesthesiology, Sun Yat-sen Memorial Hospital, Sun Yat-sen University, Guangzhou, China.

Introduction: The incidence of perioperative neurocognitive disorders (PND) is higher in the elderly patients undergoing surgery. Microglia activation-mediated neuroinflammation is one of the hallmarks of PND. Galectin-1 has been identified as a pivotal modulator in the central nervous system (CNS), while the role of galectin-1 in PND induced by microglia-mediated neuroinflammation is still undetermined. Read More

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Neutralizing Antibody Responses After SARS-CoV-2 Infection in End-Stage Kidney Disease and Protection Against Reinfection.

Kidney Int Rep 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

UCL Institute of Immunity & Transplantation, University College London, London, UK.

Patients with end-stage kidney disease (ESKD) represent a vulnerable group with multiple risk factors that are associated with poor outcomes after severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection. Despite established susceptibility to infectious complications and the importance of humoral immunity in protection against SARS-CoV-2, few studies have investigated the humoral immune response to SARS-CoV-2 within this population. Here, we evaluate the seroprevalence of SARS-CoV-2 in patients awaiting renal transplantation and determine whether seroconverted patients with ESKD have durable and functional neutralizing activity against SARS-CoV-2. Read More

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Long Non-Coding RNA Small Nucleolar RNA Host Gene 1 Alleviates Sepsis-Associated Myocardial Injury by Modulating the miR-181a-5p/XIAP Axis .

Ann Clin Lab Sci 2021 Mar;51(2):231-240

Department of Emergency, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine, Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, China

Objective: Sepsis is a systemic inflammatory response syndrome that results in severe myocardial injury. This study aimed to explore the role and mechanism of long non-coding RNA (lncRNA) small nucleolar RNA host gene 1 (SNHG1) in sepsis-induced myocardial injury .

Methods: Embryonic rat ventricular myocardial cell line (H9c2) was treated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) to simulate sepsis-induced myocardial injury . Read More

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Progranulin Ameliorates Lung Inflammation in an LPS-induced Acute Lung Injury Mouse Model by Modulating Macrophage Polarization and the MAPK Pathway.

Ann Clin Lab Sci 2021 Mar;51(2):220-230

Department of Respiratoryand Critical Care Medicine, Shanghai East Hospital, School of Medicine, To ngji University, Pudong, Shanghai, and Department of Respiratory Medicine, The First Affiliated Hospital USTC, Division of Life Sciences and Medicine, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei, Anhui, China

Objective: Progranulin (PGRN) has been confirmed to exhibit anti-inflammatory activity. Nevertheless, the mechanisms of PGRN in acute lung injury (ALI) remain uncertain. The aim of this study was to explore the role of PGRN in a lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced ALI model and in primary bone marrow-derived macrophages, as well as to investigate the underlying mechanism of PGRN. Read More

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Effect of NTSR1 on the Proliferation and Invasion of Gastric Adenocarcinoma Cells, the Underlying Mechanism, and Clinical Role.

Ann Clin Lab Sci 2021 Mar;51(2):163-173

Department of Pathology, the Affiliated Wuxi People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Wuxi, Jiangsu, China.

Objective: This work aimed to explore the effect of NTSR1 on oncogenesis and the potential clinical role of gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC).

Methods: Immunohistochemistry was used to assay NTSR1 and EGFR/HER2 expression. NTSR1 and MET were disrupted using shRNA. Read More

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Gene expression profiling of inflammatory cytokines in esophageal biopsies of different phenotypes of gastroesophageal reflux disease: a cross-sectional study.

BMC Gastroenterol 2021 May 3;21(1):201. Epub 2021 May 3.

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Clinic, Department of Gastroenterology, Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Médicas y Nutrición Salvador Zubirán, Vasco de Quiroga #15. Col. Sección XVI, CP 14000, México City, D.F., Mexico.

Background: The clinical endoscopic phenotypes of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are classified as Barrett's esophagus (BE), erosive esophagitis (EE) and non-erosive gastroesophageal reflux disease (NERD). NERD is subclassified as abnormal acid exposure (AAE) and normal acid exposure (NAE) based on pH monitoring study results. The aim of this study was to characterize genes involved in the pathophysiology and immune response of GERD. Read More

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A Variant of Is Associated with the Risk and Blood Lipid Levels of Myocardial Infarction in Eastern Chinese Individuals.

Immunol Invest 2021 May 3:1-8. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Cardiology Surgery, The Affiliated Huaian No.1 People's Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Huaian, China.

In this study, we determined to interpret the effects of the polymorphism on myocardial infarction (MI) risk. This study, conducted in a Chinese Han population, recruited 369 MI patients and 465 controls. The variant of gene ( polymorphism) was genotyped by PCR-RFLP method. Read More

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Long Noncoding RNA Fos Downstream Transcript Is Developmentally Dispensable but Vital for Shaping the Poststroke Functional Outcome.

Stroke 2021 May 4:STROKEAHA120033547. Epub 2021 May 4.

Department of Neurological Surgery (S.L.M., A.K.C., T.K., S.B., B.C., K.C.M.-B., R.V.).

Background And Purpose: Stroke induces the expression of several long noncoding RNAs in the brain. However, their functional significance in poststroke outcome is poorly understood. We recently observed that a brain-specific long noncoding RNA called Fos downstream transcript (FosDT) is induced rapidly in the rodent brain following focal ischemia. Read More

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Evaluation of a High-Definition PCR Assay for the Detection of SARS-CoV-2 in Extracted and Nonextracted Respiratory Specimens Collected in Various Transport Media.

Am J Clin Pathol 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pathology, The Medical College of Wisconsin, Milwaukee, WI, USA.

Objectives: We conducted an analytic and clinical comparison of a novel high-definition polymerase chain reaction PCR (HDPCR) assay to traditional real-time PCR (RT-PCR) for the detection of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) in upper respiratory specimens.

Methods: Analytic performance of RT-PCR, HDPCR, and extraction-free HDPCR was established through replicate testing of a serially diluted clinical specimen containing SARS-CoV-2. A clinical comparison of all 3 assays was conducted using 351 prospectively collected upper respiratory swab specimens obtained from symptomatic and asymptomatic individuals collected in various transport media. Read More

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J Clin Virol 2021 Apr 16;139:104825. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Servicio de Infectología. Hospital General del Oeste "Dr. José Gregorio Hernández". Catia, Sector Los Magallanes de Catia. Caracas, Venezuela.

Background: Human cosavirus (HCoSV) is a new member of the Picornaviridae family, geographically widespread among humans. It has been suggested as a causative agent of acute gastroenteritis, but its pathogenicity is not currently certain. In HIV-infected subjects, diarrhoea is one of the most frequent gastrointestinal manifestations, whose aetiology remains often unexplained. Read More

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Epstein-Barr virus infection in a woman with aquaporin-4 seropositive neuromyelitis optica.

J Neuroimmunol 2021 Apr 22;356:577581. Epub 2021 Apr 22.

Neurology, Christian Medial College Vellore, India. Electronic address:

Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are characterised by pathological antibodies to aquaporin-4 water channels of astrocytes, resulting in severe brain and spinal cord injury. Serological evidence suggests that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) reactivation may contribute to their pathogenesis. We describe an unusual case of a woman with fever, rash and headache preceding an Aquaporin-4 antibody positive longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. Read More

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Placental SLC38A4 gene polymorphisms 1304 G > A and 292 C > T, and their association with glucose > 95 mg/dl in normal weight full-term healthy newborns.

Bol Med Hosp Infant Mex 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad Juárez del Estado de Durango. Durango, Mexico.

Background: The SLC38A4 gene encodes for the SNAT4 protein, which has been related to glucose metabolic alterations in human newborns. This study aimed to determine whether the 1304 G > A and 292 C > T polymorphisms of the SLC38A4 gene are associated with the presence of glucose levels > 95 mg/dL in normal weight full-term healthy newborns.

Methods: We conducted a case-control study and analyzed 50 normal weight full-term healthy newborns. Read More

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Long Noncoding RNA CERS6-AS1 Accelerates the Proliferation and Migration of Pancreatic Cancer Cells by Sequestering MicroRNA-15a-5p and MicroRNA-6838-5p and Modulating HMGA1.

Pancreas 2021 Apr;50(4):617-624

From the Department of General Surgery, Jinling Hospital, Medicine School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China.

Objectives: As one of the most aggressive human tumors, pancreatic cancer (PC) is accompanied by poor treatment and prognosis. Although emerging evidence has highlighted the importance of long noncoding RNAs in multiple cancers, the specific regulatory roles mostly remain obscure. Our aim was to disclose the role of CERS6 antisense RNA 1 (CERS6-AS1) in PC. Read More

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A Pedigree Analysis and Clonal Correlations of the Coexistence of B-Cell Lymphoma and Histiocytic/Dendritic Cell Tumor.

Int J Surg Pathol 2021 May 3:10668969211013402. Epub 2021 May 3.

71069The First Affiliated Hospital, School of Medicine, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China.

Histiocytic/dendritic cell tumors are rare in clinical practice. It is postulated that they originate from bone marrow stem cells. Accumulating evidence has established the existence of immunoglobulin gene and T-cell receptor gene rearrangements in these tumors. Read More

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Proline-Serine-Threonine Phosphatase-Interacting Protein 2 Alleviates Diabetes Mellitus-Osteoarthritis in Rats through Attenuating Synovial Inflammation and Cartilage Injury.

Orthop Surg 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Orthopaedics, The 2nd Affiliated Hospital of Harbin Medical University, Harbin, China.

Objective: To explore the possible way of proline-serine-threonine phosphatase-interacting protein 2 (PSTPIP2) influencing diabetes mellitus-osteoarthritis (DM-OA) progression.

Methods: In vivo, eight-week-old male Sprague Dawley rats were induced with DM-OA by intraperitoneal injection of streptozotocin with high-fat diet feeding and intra-articular injection of monoiodoacetate. PSTPIP2 overexpression was achieved by intra-articular injection of lentivirus vectors. Read More

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Exosome-derived miR-210 involved in resistance to osimertinib and epithelial-mesenchymal transition in EGFR mutant non-small cell lung cancer cells.

Thorac Cancer 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Pulmonary Medicine and Oncology, Graduate School of Medicine, Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan.

Background: Osimertinib is a third-generation epidermal growth factor receptor-tyrosine kinase inhibitor (EGFR-TKI) approved for the treatment of patients with EGFR-mutant non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). However, the mechanisms of acquired drug resistance to osimertinib have not as yet been clarified. Exosomes and microRNAs (miRNAs) are involved in carcinogenesis and drug resistance in human cancers. Read More

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Simultaneous detection of Marburg virus and Ebola virus with TaqMan-based multiplex real-time PCR method.

J Clin Lab Anal 2021 May 3:e23786. Epub 2021 May 3.

Center for Precision Medicine, Meizhou People's Hospital (Huangtang Hospital), Meizhou Academy of Medical Sciences, Meizhou Hospital Affiliated to Sun Yat-sen University, Meizhou, China.

Background: Marburg virus (MARV) and Ebola virus (EBOV) are acute infections with high case fatality rates. It is of great significance for epidemic monitoring and prevention and control of infectious diseases by the development of a rapid, specific, and sensitive quantitative PCR method to detect two pathogens simultaneously.

Methods: Primers and TaqMan probes were designed according to highly conserved sequences of these viruses. Read More

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Microbiology of Acute Maxillary Sinusitis in Children.

Laryngoscope 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Otolaryngology, Matsubara ENT Clinic, Gifu, Japan.

Objectives/hypothesis: Acute rhinosinusitis is a frequent common cold-related complication in children. Despite the need for appropriate treatment, its underlying microbiology remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the microbiology of acute rhinosinusitis in children. Read More

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Mesothelin is a novel cell surface disease marker and potential therapeutic target in acute myeloid leukemia.

Blood Adv 2021 May;5(9):2350-2361

Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA.

In an effort to identify acute myeloid leukemia (AML)-restricted targets for therapeutic development in AML, we analyzed the transcriptomes of 2051 children and young adults with AML and compared the expression profile with normal marrow specimens. This analysis identified a large cohort of AML-restricted genes with high expression in AML, but low to no expression in normal hematopoiesis. Mesothelin (MSLN), a known therapeutic target in solid tumors, was shown to be highly overexpressed in 36% of the AML cohort (range, 5-1077. Read More

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