80,203 results match your criteria aspects behavior


Can the combination of TasP and PrEP eliminate HIV among MSM in British Columbia, Canada?

Epidemics 2021 Apr 6;35:100461. Epub 2021 Apr 6.

British Columbia Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, Vancouver, BC, Canada; Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, Faculty of Medicine, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada.

Introduction: In British Columbia (BC), the HIV epidemic continues to disproportionally affect the gay, bisexual and other men who have sex with men (MSM). In this study, we aimed to evaluate how Treatment as Prevention (TasP) and pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP), if used in combination, could lead to HIV elimination in BC among MSM.

Methods: Considering the heterogeneity in HIV transmission risk, we developed a compartmental model stratified by age and risk-taking behaviour for the HIV epidemic among MSM in BC, informed by clinical, behavioural and epidemiological data. Read More

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Relationship of negative emotion with leptin and food intake among overweight women.

Physiol Behav 2021 May 10:113457. Epub 2021 May 10.

Nutrition and Metabolism, Health Sciences Department, Ribeirão Preto Medical School, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil; Laboratory of Food Practices and Behavior - PrátiCA, University of São Paulo (USP), Brazil. Electronic address:

Negative emotions can influence food intake. Leptin (an anorectic hormone) levels may change in response to psychological stressors. This study aimed to explore the relationship between leptin and food intake triggered by negative emotions in overweight women. Read More

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Identifying Childhood Expressive Language Features That Best Predict Adult Language and Communication Outcome in Individuals With Autism Spectrum Disorder.

J Speech Lang Hear Res 2021 May 13:1-15. Epub 2021 May 13.

Department of Communication Sciences and Disorders, Emerson College, Boston, MA.

Purpose Several studies have reported that "useful speech" at 5 years of age predicts outcomes in individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), but this skill has been vaguely defined. This study investigates which specific aspects of expressive language in children with ASD best predict adult language and communication outcomes. Method Language samples from 29 children (ages 47-72 months) enrolled in a longitudinal project (e. Read More

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Enhanced academic motivation in university students following a 2-week online gratitude journal intervention.

BMC Psychol 2021 May 13;9(1):71. Epub 2021 May 13.

Center for Information and Neural Networks (CiNet), National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT), Room 2A2, 1-4 Yamadaoka, Suita, Osaka, 565-0871, Japan.

Background: Past studies have associated gratitude interventions with a host of positive outcomes. However, there is a dearth of research regarding the impact such interventions have on the academic motivation of university students, thought to be a primary determinant of academic achievement and overall satisfaction with school activities. Here, we examined the effects of a 2-week online gratitude journal intervention on the academic motivation of university students. Read More

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[Function-based tests to determine the return-to-activity state in patients with non-specific low back pain].

Sportverletz Sportschaden 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Hochschule Furtwangen, Germany.

Background:  Most people with back pain suffer from non-specific low back pain, for which no specific reasons can be found. Two out of three have recurrent pain episodes. To reduce the likelihood of recurrence and long-lasting pain, functional tests are increasingly used to determine the current functional status. Read More

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Deep neural net tracking of human pluripotent stem cells reveals intrinsic behaviors directing morphogenesis.

Stem Cell Reports 2021 May;16(5):1317-1330

Gladstone Institutes, San Francisco, CA, USA; Department of Bioengineering and Therapeutic Sciences, University of California, San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, USA. Electronic address:

Lineage tracing is a powerful tool in developmental biology to interrogate the evolution of tissue formation, but the dense, three-dimensional nature of tissue limits the assembly of individual cell trajectories into complete reconstructions of development. Human induced pluripotent stem cells (hiPSCs) can recapitulate aspects of developmental processes, providing an in vitro platform to assess the dynamic collective behaviors directing tissue morphogenesis. Here, we trained an ensemble of neural networks to track individual hiPSCs in time-lapse microscopy, generating longitudinal measures of cell and cellular neighborhood properties on timescales from minutes to days. Read More

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The impact of maternal care and blood glucose availability on the cortisol stress response in fasted women.

J Neural Transm (Vienna) 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Department of Psychology, Division of Neuropsychology, University of Constance, Constance, Germany.

Individuals with a history of low maternal care (MC) frequently present a blunted, yet sometimes also show an increased cortisol stress response. Fasted individuals with low blood glucose levels who are exposed to acute stress typically show an attenuated response pattern in this endocrine marker. Despite well-documented metabolic dysregulations after low MC, a possible interaction of both factors has not been investigated yet. Read More

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Perceptions of people with mild intellectual disability and their family members about family-based social capital in the Netherlands.

Health Soc Care Community 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Tranzo, Tilburg School of Social and Behavioral Sciences, Tilburg University, Tilburg, The Netherlands.

Families play an important role in the lives of people with intellectual disability as they do for everyone. However, little research has addressed the views of people with intellectual disability about their families by using self-report. Individual family members may hold different views about their family relationships. Read More

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Effects of the presence of a dog on the psychic content expression of a stuttering person: case report.

Codas 2021 3;33(2):e20190267. Epub 2021 May 3.

Programa de Estudos Pós-graduados em Fonoaudiologia, Faculdade de Ciências Humanas e da Saúde, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de São Paulo - PUC-SP - São Paulo (SP), Brasil.

Stuttering has negative impacts on an individual's quality of life and is associated with higher risk of development of social and psychological problems. From this perspective, despite the diversity of etiological hypotheses for and treatments of stuttering, the interface between psychology and speech therapy in the approach to the biopsychic aspects involved in this clinical scenario stands out. Recent research indicates that the presence, specifically of dogs, can assist patients in symbolic elaboration of psychic content. Read More

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Characterization of the volume fraction of soft deformable microgels by means of small-angle neutron scattering with contrast variation.

Authors:
Andrea Scotti

Soft Matter 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

Institute of Physical Chemistry, RWTH Aachen University, 52056, Aachen, Germany.

The volume occupied by colloids in a suspension - namely the volume fraction - is the thermodynamic variable that determines the phase behavior of these systems. While for hard incompressible spheres this quantity is well defined, for soft compressible colloids such as microgels - polymeric crosslinked networks swollen in a good solvent - the determination of the real volume occupied by these particles in solution is particularly challenging. This fact depends on two aspects: first the surface and, therefore, the volume of the microgels is hard to define properly given their external fuzziness; second, microgels can osmotically deswell, deform or interpenetrate their neighbors, i. Read More

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[Psychoeducation for Parents of Children with Learning Disorders: A Satisfaction Study].

Prax Kinderpsychol Kinderpsychiatr 2021 May;70(4):298-315

Universität Hildesheim Universitätsplatz 1 31141 Hildesheim Deutschland https://uni-hildesheim.

The present study investigates the implementation of psychoeducation for conveying a diagnosis of specific learning disorders to the parents of affected children. It addresses the question of how such consultations are structured and which factors predict how satisfied parents are with the psychoeducation they receive. 167 parents of children with specific learning disorders from Germany were surveyed via an online questionnaire and asked about their experiences and satisfaction with the psychoeducational aspects of their individual consultation. Read More

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Psychological well-being of early and continuously treated phenylketonuria patients.

JIMD Rep 2021 May 21;59(1):69-80. Epub 2021 Feb 21.

Hospital for Children and Adolescents, Center for Pediatric Research Leipzig (CPL), Department of Women and Child Health, University Hospital, University of Leipzig Leipzig Germany.

Background: Despite enormous advances in therapy, phenylketonuria (PKU) remains an incurable, inherited metabolic disease requiring life-long treatment with potential to negatively impact quality of life and psychological well-being. Therefore, the aim of this study was to screen early diagnosed and continuously treated children with PKU on psychological strengths and behavioral difficulties.

Methods: Evaluation of psychological strengths and behavioral difficulties in 49 patients with PKU (23f, 2-17 years) by Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ; self-report 11-17 years and parent-report 2-17 years). Read More

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Histopathological correlation (WHO Classification) of meningiomas and their anatomical localization. Multicenter epidemiological study in Mexico.

World Neurosurg 2021 May 8. Epub 2021 May 8.

Neurosurgery Department, Hospital Central Sur de Alta Especialidad "PEMEX". Anillo Periférico 4091, Fuentes del Pedregal, Tlalpan, 14140. Ciudad de México, México.

Objective: To know the epidemiology of the localization and histological type of meningiomas in the Mexican population, as well as the distribution of the different histological patterns and their relationship with the localization and demographic aspects.

Methods: A retrospective analysis was carried out in 5 hospitals in Mexico, from 2009 to 2019. A comparison of means was made for qualitative variables using Pearson's Chi-squared test (X) for the correlation between location and histological pattern, as well as the presented clinic and sex. Read More

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Cognitive bias analysis of young novice drivers' observation abilities-A questionnaire-based study.

PLoS One 2021 11;16(5):e0251195. Epub 2021 May 11.

Shenzhen Transportation Design & Research Institute CO., LTD, Shenzhen, Guangdong, China.

Observation ability, which is the basis of following decision-making and vehicle manipulation behaviour, is of great importance while driving. However, the subject self-cognition and objective assessment of driving ability are usually different, especially for the young novice drivers. In this paper, drivers' observation abilities for both static traffic signs and markings and dynamic surrounding vehicles were investigated based on questionnaire data. Read More

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State of the Art in Radiolabeling of Antibodies with Common and Uncommon Radiometals for Preclinical and Clinical Immuno-PET.

Bioconjug Chem 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Amsterdam UMC, Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, Radiology & Nuclear Medicine, Cancer Center Amsterdam, De Boelelaan 1117, Amsterdam 1081 HV, The Netherlands.

Inert and stable radiolabeling of monoclonal antibodies (mAb), antibody fragments, or antibody mimetics with radiometals is a prerequisite for immuno-PET. While radiolabeling is preferably fast, mild, efficient, and reproducible, especially when applied for human use in a current Good Manufacturing Practice compliant way, it is crucial that the obtained radioimmunoconjugate is stable and shows preserved immunoreactivity and behavior. Radiometals and chelators have extensively been evaluated to come to the most ideal radiometal-chelator pair for each type of antibody derivative. Read More

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Target Enhancement or Distractor Suppression? Functionally Distinct Alpha Oscillations form the Basis of Attention.

Eur J Neurosci 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Department of Psychology, University of Lübeck, Lübeck, Germany.

Recent advances in attention research have been propelled by the debate on target enhancement versus distractor suppression. A predominant neural correlate of attention is the modulation of alpha oscillatory power (~10 Hz), which signifies shifts of attention in time, space, and between sensory modalities. However, the underspecified functional role of alpha oscillations limits the progress of tracking down the neuro-cognitive basis of attention. Read More

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Using strontium isotopes to determine philopatry and dispersal in primates: a case study from Kibale National Park.

R Soc Open Sci 2021 Feb 10;8(2):200760. Epub 2021 Feb 10.

Department of Anthropology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM, 87111, USA.

Strontium isotope ratios (Sr/Sr) allow researchers to track changes in mobility throughout an animal's life and could theoretically be used to reconstruct sex-biases in philopatry and dispersal patterns in primates. Dispersal patterns are a life-history variable that correlate with numerous aspects of behaviour and socio-ecology that are elusive in the fossil record. The present study demonstrates that the standard archaeological method used to differentiate between 'local' and 'non-local' individuals, which involves comparing faunal isotopic ratios with environmental isotopic minima and maxima, is not always reliable; aspects of primate behaviour, local environments, geologic heterogeneity and the availability of detailed geologic maps may compromise its utility in certain situations. Read More

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February 2021

A sex-dependent role for the prelimbic cortex in impulsive action both before and following early cocaine abstinence.

Neuropsychopharmacology 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Psychology & Neuroscience, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC, USA.

Although impulsive action is strongly associated with addiction, the neural underpinnings of this relationship and how they are influenced by sex have not been well characterized. Here, we used a titrating reaction time task to assess differences in impulsive action in male and female Long Evans rats both before and after short (4-6 days) or long (25-27 days) abstinence from 2 weeks of cocaine or water/saline self-administration (6 h daily access). Neural activity in the prelimbic cortex (PrL) and nucleus accumbens (NAc) core was assessed at each time point. Read More

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Transcriptomic analysis reveals pronounced changes in gene expression due to sub-lethal pyrethroid exposure and ageing in insecticide resistance Anopheles coluzzii.

BMC Genomics 2021 May 10;22(1):337. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Vector Biology, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Liverpool, L35QA, UK.

Background: Malaria control is heavily reliant on the use of insecticides that target and kill the adult female Anopheline vector. The intensive use of insecticides of the pyrethroid class has led to widespread resistance in mosquito populations. The intensity of pyrethroid resistance in some settings in Africa means mosquitoes can contact bednets treated with this insecticide class multiple times with minimal mortality effects. Read More

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Numerical models of spinal cord trauma: The effect of cerebrospinal fluid pressure and epidural fat on the results.

J Neurotrauma 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Tel Aviv University, 26745, Ramat Aviv, Tel Aviv, Tel Aviv, Israel, 69978;

Spinal cord injury (SCI) is commonly caused by traumatic mechanical damage. While numerical models can help predicting the mechanics of SCI without putting the subjects in danger, previous studies did not focus on alternations in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure and did not account for the presence of epidural fat. This study aims to numerically compare the mechanical behavior of human spine when subjected to contusion and burst fracture with varying CSF pressure, either normal or elevated pressure that represent intracranial hypertension. Read More

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Hydrogen Bonds between Ions of Opposite and Like Charge in Hydroxyl-Functionalized Ionic Liquids: an Exhaustive Examination of the Interplay between Global and Local Motions and Intermolecular Hydrogen Bond Lifetimes and Kinetics.

J Phys Chem B 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Institut für Chemie, Abteilung Physikalische und Theoretische Chemie, Universität Rostock, Albert-Einstein-Str. 21, D-18059 Rostock, Germany.

Hydroxyl-functionalized ionic liquids (ILs) represent a new interesting class of ILs where hydrogen bonds (HBs) play an important role: here, "typical" HBs between cations and anions (ca) are competing with "atypical" HBs connecting pairs of cations (cc). We study the equilibrium and kinetics of (cc) and (ca) HBs in 1-(-hydroxyalkyl)-pyridinium bis(trifluoromethlysulfonyl)imide [HOCPy][NTf] ILs by means of molecular dynamics simulations. (cc) HBs are found to be between 0. Read More

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Social functioning in schizophrenia: Comparing laboratory-based assessment with real-world measures.

J Psychiatr Res 2021 Apr 30;138:500-506. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Psychology, Indiana University - Purdue University Indianapolis, LD 124, 402 N Blackford St, Indianapolis, IN 46202, USA.

Researchers have measured social functioning in schizophrenia using many different strategies. Recent technological advances have made it possible to passively measure behaviors in real-world social situations-allowing for more objective, ecologically valid assessments. Yet, research testing the convergent validity among real-world and laboratory-based social functioning assessment is sparse. Read More

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Gonadal steroid hormone receptors in the medial amygdala contribute to experience-dependent changes in stress vulnerability.

Psychoneuroendocrinology 2021 May 3;129:105249. Epub 2021 May 3.

Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN 37996, United States.

Social experience can generate neural plasticity that changes how individuals respond to stress. Winning aggressive encounters alters how animals respond to future challenges and leads to increased plasma testosterone concentrations and androgen receptor (AR) expression in the social behavior neural network. In this project, our aim was to identify neuroendocrine mechanisms that account for changes in stress-related behavior following the establishment of dominance relationships over a two-week period. Read More

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The effect of vitamin D supplementation on circulating osteoprogenitor cells, a pilot randomized controlled trial.

Exp Gerontol 2021 May 7:111399. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Medicine - Western Health, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Osteosarcopenia and Geroscience Research Program, Australian Institute for Musculoskeletal Science (AIMSS), The University of Melbourne, Western Health, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia; Institute for Health and Sport, Victoria University, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Electronic address:

Circulating osteoprogenitor (COP) cells are a relatively newly discovered mesenchymal precursors population in the peripheral blood. While some aspects of their physiology have been documented in vitro, little is known about their behavior in vivo. To facilitate understanding regarding their potential role in the management of musculoskeletal disease, more research into how these cells respond to growth factors and hormones in vivo. Read More

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SARS-CoV-2 and other viruses in soil: An environmental outlook.

Environ Res 2021 May 7;198:111297. Epub 2021 May 7.

Department of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, University of Cassino and Southern Lazio, Via Di Biasio 43, 03043, Cassino, Italy. Electronic address:

In the present review, the authors shed light on the SARS-CoV-2 impact, persistence, and monitoring in the soil environment. With this purpose, several aspects have been deepened: i) viruses in soil ecosystems; ii) direct and indirect impact on the soil before and after the pandemic, and iii) methods for quantification of viruses and SARS-CoV-2 monitoring in soil. Viruses are present in soil (i. Read More

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Biallelic variants in HPDL cause pure and complicated hereditary spastic paraplegia.

Brain 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Genetics Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Human 4-hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase-like (HPDL) is a putative iron-containing non-heme oxygenase of unknown specificity and biological significance. We report 25 families containing 34 individuals with neurological disease associated with biallelic HPDL variants. Phenotypes ranged from juvenile-onset pure hereditary spastic paraplegia to infantile-onset spasticity and global developmental delays, sometimes complicated by episodes of neurological and respiratory decompensation. Read More

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Smile makeover and the oral facial harmony concept in a new era: relationship between tooth shape and face configuration.

Authors:
Giuseppe Romeo

Int J Esthet Dent 2021 May;16(2):202-215

The patient's facial characteristics play an essential role in achieving a customized smile restoration with appropriate individualized tooth shapes. By initially studying the patient's face, an approach can be determined to plan new individual tooth shapes to achieve a satisfactory outcome. The dental esthetic rehabilitation taking the facial proportion into account involves a complex planning process. Read More

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Brief Report: Sexual Wellbeing in Heterosexual, Mostly Heterosexual, and Bisexually Attracted Men and Women.

Authors:
Tierney K Lorenz

Int J Sex Health 2019 5;31(3):339-349. Epub 2019 Jul 5.

Department of Psychology and Center for Brain, Biology and Behavior, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraksa, USA.

Objective: To assess differences in sexual wellbeing among men and women with exclusively heterosexual, mostly heterosexual, and bisexual attractions.

Method: An anonymous online survey in a convenience sample of 597 young adults (394 women, 203 men; average age = 20.04) assessed patterns of sexual attraction, desire, sexual functioning, and sexual satisfaction using validated questionnaires. Read More

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Factors influencing implementation of the GLA: D Back, an educational/exercise intervention for low back pain: a mixed-methods study.

JBI Evid Implement 2021 May 10. Epub 2021 May 10.

Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark Nordic Institute of Chiropractic and Clinical Biomechanics, Odense M, Denmark.

Introduction And Aims: Guidelines for low back pain (LBP) management recommend patient education and exercises. GLA:D Back, a structured group-based patient-education exercise program for LBP, facilitates evidence-based care implementation. This study aimed to inform on the implementation processes, assessing clinician-related factors. Read More

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Topic Discovery on Farsi, English, French, and Arabic Tweets Related to COVID-19 Using Text Mining Techniques.

Stud Health Technol Inform 2021 May;279:26-33

Department of Computer Science, Metropolitan College, Boston University, MA, USA.

Background: Social networks are a good source for monitoring public health during the outbreak of COVID-19, these networks play an important role in identifying useful information.

Objectives: This study aims to draw a comparison of the public's reaction in Twitter among the countries of West Asia (a.k. Read More

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