179,596 results match your criteria articles


The effectiveness of propolis extract in reducing dentin hypersensitivity: A systematic review.

Arch Oral Biol 2021 Aug 27;131:105248. Epub 2021 Aug 27.

School of Dentistry, Centro Universitário de Cascavel - UNIVEL, Av. Tito Muffato, 2317 - Santa Cruz, Cascavel, PR 85806-080, Brazil. Electronic address:

Objective: This systematic review was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of propolis on dentin hypersensitivity reduction.

Design: The search was conducted in Pubmed, Scopus, Web of science, Latin American and Caribbean Health Sciences Literature data base (Lilacs), Brazilian Library in Dentistry (BBO), Embase, and Cochrane Library aiming to identify relevant randomized clinical trials that evaluated the effect of propolis on dentin hypersensitivity. The Cochrane Collaboration tool was used for assessing the risk of bias. Read More

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Instruments to evaluate undergraduate healthcare student learning styles globally: A scoping review.

Nurse Educ Today 2021 Sep 11;107:105141. Epub 2021 Sep 11.

Tessália Vieira de Camargo street, 126 - Cidade Universitária, 13083-887 Campinas, SP, Brazil. Electronic address:

Background: Recognizing learning styles is important to maximizing learning outcomes and many instruments are available to investigate learning styles.

Objective: To investigate instruments with evidence of validity and reliability most commonly used to evaluate undergraduate healthcare student learning styles globally.

Method: This scoping review of literature was guided by The Joanna Briggs Institute's recommendations for conducting scoping reviews and the PRISMA-ScR (extension for scoping reviews). Read More

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September 2021

Theories of self-care and self-management of long-term conditions by community-dwelling older adults: A systematic review and meta-ethnography.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 10;287:114393. Epub 2021 Sep 10.

College of Nursing and Health Sciences, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, 5042, Australia; Caring Futures Institute, Flinders University, Bedford Park, SA, 5042, Australia.

Rationale: The proportion of older adults living with long-term conditions (LTCs) is increasing. Self-care and self-management approaches are seen as valuable in helping older people with LTCs to manage their health and care, yet the theoretical overlaps and divergences are not always clear.

Objectives: The objectives of this review were to: (1) systematically identify and appraise studies of self-care or self-management of LTCs by community-dwelling older adults (aged ≥60 years) either informed by, applying, creating, or testing theory; (2) explore similarities or points of convergence between the identified theories; and (3) use a meta-ethnographic approach to synthesise the theories and group related concepts into core constructs. Read More

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September 2021

The mental health effects of a Universal Basic Income: A synthesis of the evidence from previous pilots.

Soc Sci Med 2021 Sep 7;287:114374. Epub 2021 Sep 7.

The Mental Health Foundation, Scotland, 039714, Company Registration No. 2350846, United Kingdom. Electronic address:

Introduction: Amongst its advocates, one of the key arguments for a Universal Basic Income (UBI) is its potential to improve population mental health. However, while previous authors have variously examined the potential effects of UBI on income, employment and labour market demand, the direct mental health consequences of previous pilots have been less frequently examined. The purpose of this paper is therefore to conduct a review of the literature on UBI and to re-examine the existing research with a mental health focus. Read More

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September 2021

Self-reported poor quality of sleep in solid organ transplant: A systematic review.

Transplant Rev (Orlando) 2021 Sep 14;35(4):100650. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

School of Nursing, University of Pennsylvania, Claire M. Fagin Hall, 418 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia, PA 19104, USA. Electronic address:

Background: High quality sleep of sufficient duration is vital to overall health and wellbeing. Self-reported poor quality of sleep, sleep reported as irregular in timing, marked by frequent awakenings, or shortened in duration, is common across the solid-organ transplant trajectory.

Aim: This Systematic Review aimed to summarize available literature on rates of self-reported poor quality of sleep among solid organ transplant candidates and recipients. Read More

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September 2021

Neuroimaging Correlates of Syndromal Anxiety Following Traumatic Brain Injury: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

J Acad Consult Liaison Psychiatry 2021 Sep 14. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences. Electronic address:

Background: Traumatic brain injury (TBI) can precipitate new-onset psychiatric symptoms or worsen existing psychiatric conditions. To elucidate specific mechanisms for this interaction, neuroimaging is often used to study both psychiatric conditions and TBI. This systematic review aims to synthesize the existing literature of neuroimaging findings among patients with anxiety after TBI. Read More

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September 2021

Fruit and vegetable intake and risk of frailty: A systematic review and dose response meta-analysis.

Ageing Res Rev 2021 Sep 14:101460. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritional Sciences and Dietetics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. Electronic address:

Purpose: This systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis of observational studies was conducted to summarize available findings on the association between fruits and vegetables (FVs) consumption and risk of frailty.

Methods: Online databases including Medline, Scopus, and Embase were searched to detect related publications up to February 2021. Study selection and data extraction were performed by two investigators working in parallel. Read More

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September 2021

The Cardiac Effects of COVID-19 Review of articles.

Curr Probl Cardiol 2021 Sep 14:100981. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Cardiovascular Research Center of Modarres Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

Cardiovascular wellbeing has been dramatically affected by SARS-CoV-2, the reason for the COVID-19 pandemic. There is a greater risk of morbidity and death in individuals with preexisting heart diseases. Clinical syndromes of the acute coronary syndrome, acute myocardial injury, myocarditis, arrhythmias, heart failure, and venous thromboembolism can, directly and indirectly, affect the heart. Read More

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September 2021

Ambient air pollution and COVID-19 risk: Evidence from 35 observational studies.

Environ Res 2021 Sep 14:112065. Epub 2021 Sep 14.

Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Shengjing Hospital of China Medical University, No. 36 Sanhao Street, Heping District, Shenyang, Liaoning, 110004, China. Electronic address:

Background And Aims: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic is severely threatening and challenging public health worldwide. Epidemiological studies focused on the influence of outdoor air pollution (AP) on COVID-19 risk have produced inconsistent conclusions. We aimed to quantitatively explore this association using a meta-analysis. Read More

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September 2021

Association of enteropathogen detection with diarrhoea by age and high versus low child mortality settings: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Lancet Glob Health 2021 Oct;9(10):e1402-e1410

Department of Epidemiology, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA.

Background: The odds ratio (OR) comparing pathogen presence in diarrhoeal cases versus asymptomatic controls is a measure for diarrhoeal disease cause that has been integrated into burden of disease estimates across diverse populations. This study aimed to estimate the OR describing the association between pathogen detection in stool and diarrhoea for 15 common enteropathogens by age group and child mortality setting.

Methods: We did a systematic review to identify case-control and cohort studies published from Jan 1, 1990, to July 9, 2019, which examined at least one enteropathogen of interest and the outcome diarrhoea. Read More

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October 2021

The effect of low serum calcium level on the severity and mortality of Covid patients: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Immun Inflamm Dis 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran.

Introduction: Imbalances of various electrolytes, including calcium, are associated with the prognosis of Covid disease. This study investigated the relationship between serum calcium and clinical outcomes in patients with COVID-19.

Method: This study is a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching PubMed, Scopus, web of sciences until August 2021 using the keywords COVID-19, severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), COVID, coronavirus disease, SARS-COV-infection. Read More

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September 2021

Metabolic homeostasis: it's all in the timing.

Endocrinology 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Physiology, University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada.

Cross-talk between peripheral tissues is essential to ensure the coordination of nutrient intake with disposition during the feeding period, thereby preventing metabolic disease. This Mini-review considers the interactions between the key peripheral tissues that constitute the metabolic clock, each of which is considered in a separate Mini-review in this collation of articles published in Endocrinology in 2020/2021, by: Martchenko et al. (Circadian Rhythms and the Gastrointestinal Tract: Relationship to Metabolism and Gut Hormones); Alvarez et al. Read More

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September 2021

IC-Behavior: An interdisciplinary taxonomy of behaviors.

PLoS One 2021 17;16(9):e0252003. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

University of Sydney, Sydney, Australia.

Academic disciplines are often organized according to the behaviors they examine. While most research on a behavior tends to exist within one discipline, some behaviors are examined by multiple disciplines. Better understanding of behaviors and their relationships should enable knowledge transfer across disciplines and theories, thereby dramatically improving the behavioral knowledge base. Read More

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September 2021

Differences in outcomes of mandatory motorcycle helmet legislation by country income level: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

PLoS Med 2021 Sep 17;18(9):e1003795. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Program in Global Surgery and Social Change, Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts, United States of America.

Background: The recent Lancet Commission on Legal Determinants of Global Health argues that governance can provide the framework for achieving sustainable development goals. Even though over 90% of fatal road traffic injuries occur in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) primarily affecting motorcyclists, the utility of helmet laws outside of high-income settings has not been well characterized. We sought to evaluate the differences in outcomes of mandatory motorcycle helmet legislation and determine whether these varied across country income levels. Read More

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September 2021

Movement Is Life-Optimizing Patient Access to Total Joint Arthroplasty: Diabetes Mellitus.

J Am Acad Orthop Surg 2021 Sep 16. Epub 2021 Sep 16.

From the Department of Orthopaedics, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, CT (Wiznia), American Association of Latino Orthopaedic Surgeons, Salinas, CA (Jimenez), and the Department of Orthopedics (Harrington), Baylor College of Medicine Houston, TX.

This is one of a series of articles that focuses on maximizing access to total joint arthroplasty by providing preoperative optimization pathways to all patients to promote the best results and minimize postoperative complications. Because of inequities in health care, an optimization process that is not equipped to support the underserved can potentially worsen disparities in the utilization of arthroplasty. A staggering 10. Read More

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September 2021

A systematic scoping review of undergraduate medical ethics education programs from 1990 to 2020.

Med Teach 2021 Sep 17:1-20. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore.

Introduction: Ensuring medical students are equipped with essential knowledge and portable skills to face complex ethical issues underlines the need for ethics education in medical school. Yet such training remains variable amidst evolving contextual, sociocultural, legal and financial considerations that inform training across different healthcare systems. This review aims to map how undergraduate medical schools teach and assess ethics. Read More

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September 2021

A Systematic Review of the Effectiveness of Safewards: Has Enthusiasm Exceeded Evidence?

Issues Ment Health Nurs 2021 Sep 17:1-18. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

School of Psychology, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK.

Safewards is intended to be an evidence-based approach to reduce levels of conflict and containment in mental health inpatient settings. A systematic review was carried out to examine whether Safewards is effective in reducing conflict and containment events; and improving ward climate. Searches for articles evaluating the implementation of Safewards was conducted using PsycINFO, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library and CINAHL. Read More

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September 2021

Transmission Possibility of COVID-19 via Surgical Smoke Generated by the Use of Laparoscopic Approaches: A Subject of Debate During the Pandemic.

J Laparoendosc Adv Surg Tech A 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Sina Hospital, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.

The smoke created by energy-based devices during surgery may have the potential to transmit viral components to operating room staff. The COVID-19 pandemic has changed staff safety regulations. However, it is not clearly understood whether it can be transmitted via surgical smoke. Read More

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September 2021

Lactation Telehealth in Primary Care: A Systematic Review.

Breastfeed Med 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Edson College of Nursing and Health Innovation, Arizona State University, Phoenix, Arizona, USA.

Despite recommendations to exclusively breastfeed for the first 6 months of an infant's life with subsequent introduction of complementary foods through the infant's first year, breastfeeding rates decrease significantly over the first 6 months of life. Access to skilled lactation care is one of the main barriers to breastfeeding. This study aims to review current research on access to skilled lactation care through telehealth and to assess whether the research indicates an impact of lactation telehealth on breastfeeding rates, duration, and early cessation. Read More

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September 2021

Quality, health, and spending in Medicare Advantage and traditional Medicare.

Am J Manag Care 2021 Sep;27(9):395-400

Berkeley Research Group, 1800 M St NW, Second Fl, Washington, DC 20036. Email:

Objectives: To compare Medicare Advantage (MA) and traditional Medicare (TM) performance on quality, health, and cost outcomes in peer-reviewed literature published since 2010.

Study Design: Systematic review of peer-reviewed papers published between January 1, 2010, and May 1, 2020.

Methods: To identify relevant research papers, we searched MEDLINE, EBSCO, and ProQuest. Read More

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September 2021

The duration dilemma in opioid agonist therapy.

J Opioid Manag 2021 Jul-Aug;17(4):353-358

Division of Chemical Dependency, Mount Sinai Beth Israel, New York City, New York.

Objective: Studies dating back to 1964 consistently support the effectiveness of methadone as a maintenance treatment for opioid use disorder (OUD), and since 2003, the effectiveness of buprenorphine. Short-term detoxification has not proven to be an effective treatment, as it results in high relapse rates when compared with maintenance treatment with an opioid agonist therapy (OAT). The question about the duration of maintenance treatment for OUD has been debated with recommendations ranging from a minimum of 1 year, 2 years, to indefinitely. Read More

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September 2021

"LONG COVID": an insight.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci 2021 Sep;25(17):5561-5577

Department of Community Medicine/Public Health, College of Medicine, Majmaah University, Al Majmaah, Saudi Arabia.

We aimed this systematic review to analyze and review the currently available published literature related to long COVID, understanding its pattern, and predicting the long-term effects on survivors. We thoroughly searched the databases for relevant articles till May 2021. The research articles that met our inclusion and exclusion criteria were assessed and reviewed by two independent researchers. Read More

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September 2021

Drug-Induced Liver Injury: Highlights and Controversies in the Recent Literature.

Drug Saf 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Medstar Georgetown University Hospital, Washington, DC, USA.

Drug-induced liver injury (DILI) remains an important, yet challenging diagnosis for physicians. Each year, additional drugs are implicated in DILI and this year was no different, with more than 1400 articles published on the subject. This review examines some of the most significant highlights and controversies in DILI-related research over the past year and their implications for clinical practice. Read More

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September 2021

Systematic review and meta-analysis of febrile neutropenia risk with TCH(P) in HER2-positive breast cancer.

Breast Cancer Res Treat 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of General Medical Oncology and Multidisciplinary Breast Centre, University Hospitals Leuven, Leuven Cancer Institute, Herestraat 49, 3000, Leuven, Belgium.

Background: Docetaxel, carboplatin and trastuzumab, with or without pertuzumab (TCH(P)), has become the preferred (neo)adjuvant regimen for HER2-positive breast cancer. However, its associated febrile neutropenia (FN) risk is unclear: pivotal studies reported FN risks < 10%, but in clinical practice, a high FN rate (> 20%) was observed. This systematic review and meta-analysis determine the FN risk associated with TCH(P) and the indication for primary prophylactic granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (PP G-CSF). Read More

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September 2021

Three-dimensional printing in otolaryngology education: a systematic review.

Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Radiology Department, Radiology at DAPI, Catholic Ladies League of Curitiba, Curitiba, Brazil.

Purpose: The progressive expansion of the technology that facilitates the development of three-dimensional (3D) printing within the field of otorhinolaryngology has opened up a new study front in medicine. The objective of this study is to systematically review scientific publications describing the development of 3D models having applications in otorhinolaryngology, with emphasis on subareas with a large number of publications, as well as the countries in which the publications are concentrated.

Methods: In this literature review, specific criteria were used to search for publications on 3D models. Read More

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September 2021

Increased risk of death from COVID-19 in multiple sclerosis: a pooled analysis of observational studies.

J Neurol 2021 Sep 17. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Neurology, S. Camillo-Forlanini Hospital, C.ne Gianicolense 87, 00152, Rome, Italy.

Objective: To estimate whether the risk of death from COVID-19 in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) exceeds that of the general population.

Methods: We conducted a pooled analysis of cohort studies on COVID-19 in patients with MS published until July 31, 2021. We calculated the pooled crude death rate (CDR) and estimated the indirectly-adjusted age-standardized lethality ratio (SLR) to assess the risk of death from COVID-19 in patients with MS as compared to general population. Read More

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September 2021

Response to "CAR T-Cell Therapy: Updates in Nursing Management".

Clin J Oncol Nurs 2021 Oct;25(5):496

Vanderbilt-Ingram Cancer Center.

I have found Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing (CJON) articles to be enlightening and well written, and I look forward to reading CJON monthly to expand my general cancer care knowledge. I have been a blood and marrow transplantation (BMT) nurse since 1976; our BMT program birthed the chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cell program. In October 2020, I retired as a BMT supervisor and policy keeper from the Seattle Cancer Care Alliance (SCCA), so I am very familiar with both specialties. Read More

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October 2021

Mobile Applications in Clinical and Perioperative Care for Anesthesia: Narrative Review.

J Med Internet Res 2021 Sep 17;23(9):e25115. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Anesthesiology, Weill Cornell Medicine - New York-Presbyterian Hospital, New York, NY, United States.

Background: The increasing use of smartphones by providers and patients alike demonstrates that digital health utilizing mobile applications has the potential to transform perioperative care and education in anesthesia.

Objective: This literature review describes the current scope of the use of mobile applications in anesthesiology.

Methods: Literature was searched using PubMed, Scopus, and clinicaltrials. Read More

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September 2021

Using Acoustic Speech Patterns From Smartphones to Investigate Mood Disorders: Scoping Review.

JMIR Mhealth Uhealth 2021 Sep 17;9(9):e24352. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Department of Psychological Medicine, Faculty of Medical and Health Sciences, University of Auckland, Auckland, New Zealand.

Background: Mood disorders are commonly underrecognized and undertreated, as diagnosis is reliant on self-reporting and clinical assessments that are often not timely. Speech characteristics of those with mood disorders differs from healthy individuals. With the wide use of smartphones, and the emergence of machine learning approaches, smartphones can be used to monitor speech patterns to help the diagnosis and monitoring of mood disorders. Read More

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September 2021

Health Equity in Artificial Intelligence and Primary Care Research: Protocol for a Scoping Review.

JMIR Res Protoc 2021 Sep 17;10(9):e27799. Epub 2021 Sep 17.

Center for Vulnerable Populations at San Francisco General Hospital, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States.

Background: Though artificial intelligence (AI) has the potential to augment the patient-physician relationship in primary care, bias in intelligent health care systems has the potential to differentially impact vulnerable patient populations.

Objective: The purpose of this scoping review is to summarize the extent to which AI systems in primary care examine the inherent bias toward or against vulnerable populations and appraise how these systems have mitigated the impact of such biases during their development.

Methods: We will conduct a search update from an existing scoping review to identify studies on AI and primary care in the following databases: Medline-OVID, Embase, CINAHL, Cochrane Library, Web of Science, Scopus, IEEE Xplore, ACM Digital Library, MathSciNet, AAAI, and arXiv. Read More

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September 2021