CMAJ Open 2021 Jul-Sep;9(3):E777-E787. Epub 2021 Jul 20.
Department of Critical Care Medicine (Montgomery, Zibdawi, Bagshaw), Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta.; Department of Critical Care Medicine (Stelfox), Cumming School of Medicine, and Department of Community Health Sciences (Stelfox), University of Calgary, Calgary, Alta.; Faculty of Nursing and School of Public Health (Norris, Bagshaw), University of Alberta; Strategic Clinical Networks (Norris, Bagshaw), Alberta Health Services; Division of Geriatric Medicine (Rolfson), Department of Medicine, and Division of Cardiac Surgery, (Meyer) Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alta.
Background: The identification of frailty before complex and invasive procedures may have relevance for prognostic and recovery purposes, to optimally inform patients, caregivers and clinicians about perioperative risk and postoperative care needs. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of frailty and describe the associated clinical course and outcomes of patients referred for nonemergent cardiac surgery.
Methods: A prospective cohort of patients aged 50 years and older referred for nonemergent cardiac surgery in Alberta, Canada, from November 2011 to March 2014 were screened preoperatively for frailty, defined as a Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS) score of 5 or greater. Read More