132 results match your criteria arsenal medicinal


RNA-Targeting Splicing Modifiers: Drug Development and Screening Assays.

Molecules 2021 Apr 14;26(8). Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, University of Kansas, Lawrence, KS 66047, USA.

RNA splicing is an essential step in producing mature messenger RNA (mRNA) and other RNA species. Harnessing RNA splicing modifiers as a new pharmacological modality is promising for the treatment of diseases caused by aberrant splicing. This drug modality can be used for infectious diseases by disrupting the splicing of essential pathogenic genes. Read More

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COVID-19 into Chemical Science Perspective: Chemical Preventive Measures and Drug Development.

ChemistrySelect 2021 Mar 1;6(9):2010-2028. Epub 2021 Mar 1.

Department of Chemistry National Institute of Technology Rourkela Rourkela Odisha 769008 India.

COVID-19 facts and literature are discussed into chemical science intuition highlighting the direct role of chemistry to the ongoing global pandemic by covering structural identification of the virus, chemical preventive measures and development of drugs. We reviewed the four most promising repurposed drugs which are presently being investigated in mass clinical trials on COVID-19 infected persons and synthetic routes of these drugs with their recent advancement. Chemical preventive measures such as soap water, hand sanitizer and disinfectant are the only available options in the arsenal to fight against COVID-19, till an effective medicine or vaccine will be made available. Read More

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Revisiting nature: a review of iridoids as a potential antileishmanial class.

Phytochem Rev 2021 Mar 16:1-26. Epub 2021 Mar 16.

Laboratório de Farmacognosia, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ciências Farmacêuticas, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS 90610-000 Brazil.

Leishmaniasis still stands as one of the most prevalent neglected tropical diseases in the least developed and emerging countries. The recommended therapeutic arsenal to treat leishmaniasis is characterized by several shortcomings, and resistance has already been reported. Hence, this dramatic background highlights the pressing need to develop novel, affordable, and safe antileishmanial drugs. Read More

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Targeting tumor resistance mechanisms.

Fac Rev 2021 26;10. Epub 2021 Jan 26.

Laboratory of Molecular Cancer Biology, Molecular Physiology Research Unit (URPhyM), Namur Research Institute for Life Sciences (NARILIS), Faculty of Medicine, University of Namur, Namur, Belgium.

Cancer develops resistance to treatments through many mechanisms. Single-cell analyses reveal the intratumor heterogeneity and dynamic relationships between cancer cell subpopulations. These analyses also highlight that various mechanisms of resistance may coexist in a given tumor. Read More

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January 2021

A role for the succinate dehydrogenase in the mode of action of the redox-active antimalarial drug, plasmodione.

Free Radic Biol Med 2021 Jan 21;162:533-541. Epub 2020 Nov 21.

Université Paris-Saclay, CEA, CNRS, Institute for Integrative Biology of the Cell (I2BC), 91198, Gif-sur-Yvette, cedex, France. Electronic address:

Malaria, caused by protozoan parasites, is a major public health issue in subtropical countries. An arsenal of antimalarial treatments is available, however, resistance is spreading, calling for the development of new antimalarial compounds. The new lead antimalarial drug plasmodione is a redox-active compound that impairs the redox balance of parasites leading to cell death. Read More

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January 2021

Spirocyclizations Involving Oxonium Ylides Derived from Cyclic α-Diazocarbonyl Compounds: An Entry into 6-Oxa-2-azaspiro[4.5]decane Scaffold.

J Org Chem 2020 12 23;85(23):15586-15599. Epub 2020 Nov 23.

Saint Petersburg State University, Saint Petersburg, 199034 Russian Federation.

New types of cyclic diazo compounds capable of Rh(II)-catalyzed spirocyclizations with tetrahydrofuran have been discovered. The formation of the spirocyclic framework is thought to proceed the formation of Rh(II) carbene species followed by interaction with the Lewis basic oxygen atom of tetrahydrofuran to give oxonium ylide species. The latter evolves predominantly the Stevens type rearrangement leading to an [ + 1] ring expansion of the tetrahydrofuran moiety, which results in the formation of a medicinally relevant 6-oxa-2-azaspiro[4. Read More

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December 2020

Why All the Fuss about Oxidative Phosphorylation (OXPHOS)?

J Med Chem 2020 12 26;63(23):14276-14307. Epub 2020 Oct 26.

Department of Medicinal Chemistry, College of Pharmacy, Rogel Cancer Center, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan 48109, United States.

Certain subtypes of cancer cells require oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) to survive. Increased OXPHOS dependency is frequently a hallmark of cancer stem cells and cells resistant to chemotherapy and targeted therapies. Suppressing the OXPHOS function might also influence the tumor microenvironment by alleviating hypoxia and improving the antitumor immune response. Read More

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December 2020

Searching for effective antiviral small molecules against influenza A virus: A patent review.

Expert Opin Ther Pat 2021 Jan 19;31(1):53-66. Epub 2020 Oct 19.

Department of Nutrition, Food Science and Gastronomy, Faculty of Pharmacy and Food Sciences, Institute of Biomedicine (IBUB), and Institute of Theoretical and Computational Chemistry (IQTCUB), University of Barcelona , Santa Coloma de Gramanet, Spain.

Despite the current interest caused by SARS-Cov-2, influenza continues to be one of the most serious health concerns, with an estimated 1 billion cases across the globe, including 3-5 million severe cases and 290,000-650,000 deaths worldwide. This manuscript reviews the efforts made in the development of small molecules for the treatment of influenza virus, primarily focused on patent applications in the last 5 years. Attention is paid to compounds targeting key functional viral proteins, such as the M2 channel, neuraminidase, and hemagglutinin, highlighting the evolution toward new ligands and scaffolds motivated by the emergence of resistant strains. Read More

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January 2021

Myeloid cell leukemin-1 inhibitors: a growing arsenal for cancer therapy.

Drug Discov Today 2020 Aug 6. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

State Key Laboratory of Natural Medicines and Jiang Su Key Laboratory of Drug Design and Optimization, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China; Department of Medicinal Chemistry, School of Pharmacy, China Pharmaceutical University, Nanjing 210009, China. Electronic address:

B-cell lymphoma-2 (Bcl-2) family proteins, comprising proapoptotic proteins (Bax and Bak), antiapoptotic proteins (Bcl-2, Bcl-X, Bcl-w, Mcl-1, and A1) and BCL-2 homology domain 3 (BH3)-only proteins (Bid, Noxa, and Puma), have long been identified as pivotal apoptosis regulators. As an antiapoptotic member, myeloid cell leukemin-1 (Mcl-1) can bind with proapoptotic proteins and inhibit apoptosis. Mcl-1 is frequently overexpressed and closely associated with oncogenesis and poor prognosis in several cancers, posing a tremendous obstacle for cancer therapy. Read More

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Medicinal plants utilized in Thai Traditional Medicine for diabetes treatment: Ethnobotanical surveys, scientific evidence and phytochemicals.

J Ethnopharmacol 2020 Dec 6;263:113177. Epub 2020 Aug 6.

REQUIMTE/LAQV, Laboratório de Farmacognosia, Departamento de Química, Faculdade de Farmácia, Universidade Do Porto, R. Jorge Viterbo Ferreira, Nº 228, 4050-313, Porto, Portugal. Electronic address:

Ethnopharmacological Relevance: Diabetes mellitus remains the most lethal metabolic disease of contemporaneous times and despite the therapeutic arsenal currently available, research on new antidiabetic agents remains a priority. In recent years, the revitalization of Thai Traditional Medicine (TTM) became a clear priority for the Thai government, and many efforts have been undertaken to accelerate research on herbal medicines and their use in medical services in various hospitals. Additionally, and particularly in rural areas, treatment of diabetes and associated symptomatology frequently relies on herbal preparations recommended by practitioners of TTM. Read More

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December 2020

2-Aminooxazole as a Novel Privileged Scaffold in Antitubercular Medicinal Chemistry.

ACS Med Chem Lett 2020 Jul 8;11(7):1435-1441. Epub 2020 Jun 8.

P4T group and Food and Drug Department, University of Parma, 43124 Parma, Italy.

To obtain effective eradication of numerous infectious diseases such as tuberculosis, it is important to supply the medicinal chemistry arsenal with novel chemical agents. Isosterism and bioisosterism are widely known concepts in the field of early drug discovery, and in several cases, rational isosteric replacements have contributed to improved efficacy and physicochemical characteristics throughout the hit-to-lead optimization process. However, sometimes the synthesis of isosteres might not be as straightforward as that of the parent compounds, and therefore, novel synthetic strategies must be elaborated. Read More

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Computer-Aided Drug Design Applied to Secondary Metabolites as Anticancer Agents.

Curr Top Med Chem 2020 ;20(19):1677-1703

Postgraduate Program in Natural and Synthetic Bioactive Products, Federal University of Paraiba, Joao Pessoa-PB, Brazil.

Computer-Aided Drug Design (CADD) techniques have garnered a great deal of attention in academia and industry because of their great versatility, low costs, possibilities of cost reduction in in vitro screening and in the development of synthetic steps; these techniques are compared with highthroughput screening, in particular for candidate drugs. The secondary metabolism of plants and other organisms provide substantial amounts of new chemical structures, many of which have numerous biological and pharmacological properties for virtually every existing disease, including cancer. In oncology, compounds such as vimblastine, vincristine, taxol, podophyllotoxin, captothecin and cytarabine are examples of how important natural products enhance the cancer-fighting therapeutic arsenal. Read More

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January 2020

Crude Methanol Extract of Rosin Gum Exhibits Specific Cytotoxicity against Human Breast Cancer Cells via Apoptosis Induction.

Anticancer Agents Med Chem 2020 ;20(8):1028-1036

Biochemistry Department, Cairo University Research Park (CURP), Cairo University, Giza 12613, Egypt.

Background: Rosin (Colophony) is a natural resin derived from species of the pine family Pinaceae. It has wide industrial applications including printing inks, photocopying paper, adhesives and varnishes, soap and soda. Rosin and its derivatives are employed as ingredients in various pharmaceutical products such as ointments and plasters. Read More

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January 2020

Exploring siRNA Umpired Nanogels: A Tale of Barrier Combating Carrier.

Curr Pharm Des 2020 ;26(27):3234-3250

Use inspired Biomaterials & Integrated Nano Delivery (U BiND) Systems Laboratory, Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Eugene Applebaum College of Pharmacy and Health Sciences, Wayne State University, Detroit, Michigan 48202, United States.

Potential short interfering RNAs (siRNA) modulating gene expression have emerged as a novel therapeutic arsenal against a wide range of maladies and disorders containing cancer, viral infections, bacterial ailments and metabolic snags at the molecular level. Nanogel, in the current medicinal era, displayed a comprehensive range of significant drug delivery prospects. Biodegradation, swelling and de-swelling tendency, pHsensitive drug release and thermo-sensitivity are some of the renowned associated benefits of nanogel drug delivery system. Read More

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January 2021

Low-energy nanoemulsions as carriers for red raspberry seed oil: Formulation approach based on Raman spectroscopy and textural analysis, physicochemical properties, stability and in vitro antioxidant/ biological activity.

PLoS One 2020 16;15(4):e0230993. Epub 2020 Apr 16.

Department of Pharmaceutical Technology and Cosmetology, Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia.

Considering a growing demand for medicinal/cosmetic products with natural actives, this study focuses on the low-energy nanoemulsions (LE-NEs) prepared via the Phase inversion composition (PIC) method at room temperature as potential carriers for natural oil. Four different red raspberry seed oils (ROs) were tested, as follows: cold-pressed vs. CO2-extracted, organic vs. Read More

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Synthesis of Multifunctional 2-Aminobenzimidazoles on DNA via Iodine-Promoted Cyclization.

Org Lett 2020 02 30;22(4):1290-1294. Epub 2020 Jan 30.

Discovery Chemistry Unit , HitGen Inc. , Building 6, No. 8 Huigu First East Road , Tianfu International Bio-Town, Shuangliu District, Chengdu 610200 , Sichuan , People's Republic of China.

2-Aminobenzimidazole cores are among the most common structural components in medicinal chemistry and can be found in many biologically active molecules. Herein, we report a mild protocol for the synthesis of multifunctional 2-aminobenzimidazoles on-DNA with broad substrate scopes. The reaction conditions expand our ability to design and synthesize 2-aminobenzimidazole core-focused DNA-encoded libraries. Read More

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February 2020

Tentacle Transcriptomes of the Speckled Anemone (Actiniaria: Actiniidae: Oulactis sp.): Venom-Related Components and Their Domain Structure.

Mar Biotechnol (NY) 2020 Apr 24;22(2):207-219. Epub 2020 Jan 24.

Medicinal Chemistry, Monash Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Monash University, 381 Royal Parade, Parkville, Victoria, 3052, Australia.

Cnidarians are one of the oldest known animal lineages (ca. 700 million years), with a unique envenomation apparatus to deliver a potent mixture of peptides and proteins. Some peptide toxins from cnidarian venom have proven therapeutic potential. Read More

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Repurposing a polymer precursor: Synthesis and in vitro medicinal potential of ferrocenyl 1,3-benzoxazine derivatives.

Eur J Med Chem 2020 Feb 2;187:111924. Epub 2019 Dec 2.

Faculty of Science, Department of Chemistry, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa; Centre for Chemico- and Biomedicinal Research, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa; Division of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Faculty of Pharmacy, Rhodes University, Grahamstown, 6140, South Africa. Electronic address:

Cancer and malaria remain relevant pathologies in modern medicinal chemistry endeavours. This is compounded by the threat of development of resistance to existing clinical drugs in use as first-line option for treatment of these diseases. To counter this threat, strategies such as drug repurposing and hybridization are constantly adapted in contemporary drug discovery for the expansion of the drug arsenal and generation of novel chemotypes with potential to avert or delay resistance. Read More

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February 2020

Instructive Advances in Chemical Microbiology Inspired by Nature's Diverse Inventory of Molecules.

ACS Infect Dis 2020 04 6;6(4):541-562. Epub 2020 Jan 6.

1345 Center Drive, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Center for Natural Products, Drug Discovery and Development (CNPD3), College of Pharmacy, University of Florida, Gainesville, Florida 32610, United States.

Natural product antibiotics have played an essential role in the treatment of bacterial infection in addition to serving as useful tools to explore the intricate biology of bacteria. Our current arsenal of antibiotics operate through the inhibition of well-defined bacterial targets critical for replication and growth. Pathogenic bacteria effectively utilize a diversity of mechanisms that lead to acquired resistance and/or innate tolerance toward antibiotic therapies, which can result in devastating consequences to human life. Read More

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The alarming antimicrobial resistance in ESKAPEE pathogens: Can essential oils come to the rescue?

Fitoterapia 2020 Jan 21;140:104433. Epub 2019 Nov 21.

Department of Biotechnology, Modern College of Arts, Science and Commerce (Savitribai Phule Pune University), Ganeshkhind, Pune 411016, India; Department of Environmental Science, Savitribai Phule Pune University, Pune 411007, India. Electronic address:

Antibiotics, considered as a backbone of modern clinical-medicines, are facing serious threats from emerging antimicrobial-resistance (AMR) in several bacteria from nosocomial and community origins and is posing a serious human-health concern. Recent commitment by the Heads of States at the United Nations General Assembly (UNGA, 2016) for coordinated efforts to curb such infections illustrates the scale of this problem. Amongst the drug-resistant microbes, major threat is posed by the group named as ESKAPEE, an acronym for Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter spp. Read More

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January 2020

Emerging modes-of-action in drug discovery.

Medchemcomm 2019 Sep 25;10(9):1550-1568. Epub 2019 Jun 25.

Integrated Drug Discovery , Sanofi-Aventis Deutschland GmbH , Industriepark Höchst , D-65926 Frankfurt am Main , Germany.

An increasing focus on complex biology to cure diseases rather than merely treat symptoms has transformed how drug discovery can be approached. Instead of activating or blocking protein function, a growing repertoire of drug modalities can be leveraged or engineered to hijack cellular processes, such as translational regulation or degradation mechanisms. Drug hunters can therefore access a wider arsenal of modes-of-action to modulate biological processes and this review summarises these emerging strategies by highlighting the most representative examples of these approaches. Read More

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September 2019

Mapping the Biotransformation of Coumarins through Filamentous Fungi.

Molecules 2019 Sep 29;24(19). Epub 2019 Sep 29.

Organic Chemistry Department, Chemistry Institute, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador 40170-115, Bahia, Brazil.

Natural coumarins are present in remarkable amounts as secondary metabolites in edible and medicinal plants, where they display interesting bioactivities. Considering the wide enzymatic arsenal of filamentous fungi, studies on the biotransformation of coumarins using these microorganisms have great importance in green chemical derivatization. Several reports on the biotransformation of coumarins using fungi have highlighted the achievement of chemical analogs with high selectivity by using mild and ecofriendly conditions. Read More

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September 2019

Discovery of a benzothiophene-flavonol halting miltefosine and antimonial drug resistance in Leishmania parasites through the application of medicinal chemistry, screening and genomics.

Eur J Med Chem 2019 Dec 5;183:111676. Epub 2019 Sep 5.

University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Via Campi 103, 41125, Modena, Italy. Electronic address:

Leishmaniasis, a major health problem worldwide, has a limited arsenal of drugs for its control. The appearance of resistance to first- and second-line anti-leishmanial drugs confirms the need to develop new and less toxic drugs that overcome spontaneous resistance. In the present study, we report the design and synthesis of a novel library of 38 flavonol-like compounds and their evaluation in a panel of assays encompassing parasite killing, pharmacokinetics, genomics and ADME-Toxicity resulting in the progression of a compound in the drug discovery value chain. Read More

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December 2019

Biochemical profile and in vitro biological activities of extracts from seven folk medicinal plants growing wild in southern Tunisia.

PLoS One 2019 17;14(9):e0213049. Epub 2019 Sep 17.

Department of Biology and Biotechnology, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy.

Recently, much attention has been paid to the extracts obtained from plant species in order to analyse their biological activities. Due to the climate diversity in Tunisia, the traditional pharmacopoeia consists of a wide arsenal of medicinal plant species since long used in folk medicine, in foods as spices, and in aromatherapy. Although many of these species are nearly facing extinction, only a small proportion of them have been scientifically studied. Read More

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Novel therapies for glaucoma: a patent review (2013-2019).

Expert Opin Ther Pat 2019 Oct 11;29(10):769-780. Epub 2019 Aug 11.

Department of Chemistry and Technologies of Drugs, Sapienza University of Rome , Rome , Italy.

: Glaucoma is one of the main leading causes of irreversible blindness in the world. The treatment of this disease relies on the use of drugs able to reduce/control the intraocular pressure (IOP), one of the main risk factors for glaucoma. Current therapies are based on the use of compounds belonging to well-established categories (prostaglandin analogs, β-adrenergic blockers, α-adrenergic agonists, carbonic anhydrase inhibitors, Rho kinase inhibitors, and cholinergic agonists). Read More

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October 2019

Synthesis, in vivo and in silico anticonvulsant activity studies of new derivatives of 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)acetamide.

Eur J Med Chem 2019 Oct 2;180:134-142. Epub 2019 Jul 2.

National University of Pharmacy, 53, Pushkinskaya st., Kharkiv, 61002, Ukraine. Electronic address:

In order to expand the arsenal of biologically active substances of anticonvulsive action by the interaction of 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)acetic acid with the corresponding amines in the presence of N,N'-carbonyldiimidazole in the dioxane medium, a systematic series of 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydroquinazolin-3(2H)-yl)-N-R-acetamides was obtained. A novel approach to synthesis of the key intermediate - 2-(2,4-dioxo-1,4-dihydro-quinazolin-3(2H)-yl)acetic acid was developed. The structure and purity of the resulting substances was confirmed by elemental analysis, H NMR, C NMR spectroscopy and LC/MS. Read More

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October 2019

Discovery of novel biaryl sulfonamide based Mcl-1 inhibitors.

Bioorg Med Chem Lett 2019 08 11;29(16):2375-2382. Epub 2019 Jun 11.

FORMA Therapeutics, 500 Arsenal Street, Suite 100, Watertown, MA 02472, USA.

Mcl-1 is an anti-apoptotic protein overexpressed in hematological malignancies and several human solid tumors. Small molecule inhibition of Mcl-1 would offer an effective therapy to Mcl-1 mediated resistance. Subsequently, it has been the target of extensive research in the pharmaceutical industry. Read More

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Developments with multi-target drugs for Alzheimer's disease: an overview of the current discovery approaches.

Expert Opin Drug Discov 2019 09 5;14(9):879-891. Epub 2019 Jun 5.

a Department of Chemistry in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Complutense University of Madrid , Madrid , Spain.

: Alzheimer's disease (AD), the most common type of dementia among older adults, is a chronic neurodegenerative pathology that causes a progressive loss of cognitive functioning with a decline of rational skills. It is well known that AD is multifactorial, so there are many different pharmacological targets that can be pursued. : The authors highlight the strategic value of privileged scaffolds in a multi-target lead compound generation against AD, exploring the concept of multi-target design, with a special emphasis on hybrid compounds. Read More

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September 2019

Computational Fluorine Scanning Using Free-Energy Perturbation.

J Chem Inf Model 2019 06 9;59(6):2776-2784. Epub 2019 May 9.

TCM Group, Cavendish Laboratory , University of Cambridge , 19 J J Thomson Avenue , Cambridge CB3 0HE , United Kingdom.

We present perturbative fluorine scanning, a computational fluorine scanning approach using free-energy perturbation. This method can be applied to molecular dynamics simulations of a single compound and make predictions for the best binders out of numerous fluorinated analogues. We tested the method on nine test systems: renin, DPP4, menin, P38, factor Xa, CDK2, AKT, JAK2, and androgen receptor. Read More

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Fixing the Unfixable: The Art of Optimizing Natural Products for Human Medicine.

J Med Chem 2019 09 26;62(18):8412-8428. Epub 2019 Apr 26.

Department of Chemistry , Vanderbilt University , Nashville , Tennessee 37235 , United States.

Molecules isolated from natural sources including bacteria, fungi, and plants are a long-standing source of therapeutics that continue to add to our medicinal arsenal today. Despite their potency and prominence in the clinic, complex natural products often exhibit a number of liabilities that hinder their development as therapeutics, which may be partially responsible for the current trend away from natural product discovery, research, and development. However, advances in synthetic biology and organic synthesis have inspired a new generation of natural product chemists to tackle powerful undeveloped scaffolds. Read More

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September 2019