1,435 results match your criteria args study


Diversity, abundance and expression of the antibiotic resistance genes in a Chinese landfill: Effect of deposit age.

J Hazard Mater 2021 May 5;417:126027. Epub 2021 May 5.

Jiangsu Key Laboratory of Chemical Pollution Control and Resources Reuse, School of Environmental and Biological Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China. Electronic address:

Landfills are the hotspots for the occurrence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment. However, limited information is available on the profile of ARGs in response to the varying age of refuse in landfills. In this study, the diversity, abundance and expression of ARGs in a Chinese landfill were assessed by high-throughput quantitative PCR. Read More

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Co-occurrence of crAssphage and antibiotic resistance genes in agricultural soils of the Yangtze River Delta, China.

Environ Int 2021 May 11;156:106620. Epub 2021 May 11.

College of Environmental and Resource Sciences, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Zhejiang Provincial Key Laboratory of Organic Pollution Process and Control, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Agricultural soil is highly susceptible to manure contamination and thus is a potential source for the spread of pathogens and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Routine monitoring fecal contamination in agricultural soil can reduce the manure-derived ARG contaminations. This study investigated the distribution of crAssphage, a highly human-specific indicator of fecal pollution, in agricultural soils in the Yangtze River Delta (YRD) of China, and its potential in serving as an indicator of soil ARGs. Read More

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Removal of antibiotic-resistant genes during drinking water treatment: A review.

J Environ Sci (China) 2021 Jun 30;104:415-429. Epub 2020 Dec 30.

Zhejiang Key Laboratory of Drinking Water Safety and Distribution Technology, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China; Ocean College, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Electronic address:

Once contaminate the drinking water source, antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) will propagate in drinking water systems and pose a serious risk to human health. Therefore, the drinking water treatment processes (DWTPs) are critical to manage the risks posed by ARGs. This study summarizes the prevalence of ARGs in raw water sources and treated drinking water worldwide. Read More

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Mechanistic insight of simultaneous removal of tetracycline and its related antibiotic resistance bacteria and genes by ferrate(VI).

Sci Total Environ 2021 May 3;786:147492. Epub 2021 May 3.

College of the Environment and Ecology, Xiamen University, Xiamen 361102, China. Electronic address:

The emergence of antibiotics and their corresponding antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have posed great challenges to the public health. The paper demonstrates the removal of co-existing tetracycline (TC), its resistant Escherichia coli (E. coli), and ARGs (tetA and tetR) in a mixed system by applying ferrate(VI) (FeO, Fe(VI)) at pH 7. Read More

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Genomic Analysis of Antibiotic-Resistant and -Susceptible Isolated from Bovine Sources in Maputo, Mozambique.

Foodborne Pathog Dis 2021 May 11. Epub 2021 May 11.

Environmental Microbial and Food Safety Laboratory, Agricultural Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture, Beltsville, Maryland, USA.

This study reports a genomic analysis of isolates recovered from 25 bovine fecal composite samples collected from four different production units in Maputo city and around Maputo Province, Mozambique. The genomes were analyzed to determine the presence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs), genetic relatedness, and virulence factors known to cause diseases in humans. Whole-genome sequencing was conducted on 28 isolates using an Illumina NextSeq 500 sequencing platform. Read More

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Deciphering Potential Roles of Earthworms in Mitigation of Antibiotic Resistance in the Soils from Diverse Ecosystems.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 May 12. Epub 2021 May 12.

State Key Laboratory of Urban and Regional Ecology, Research Center for Eco-Environmental Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100085, China.

Earthworms are capable of redistributing bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) through soil profiles. However, our understanding of the earthworm gut microbiome and its interaction with the antibiotic resistome is still lacking. Here, we characterized the earthworm gut and soil microbiome and antibiotic resistome in natural and agricultural ecosystems at a national scale, and microcosm studies and field experiments were also employed to test the potential role of earthworms in dynamics of soil ARGs. Read More

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Identification of a novel autophagy signature for predicting survival in patients with lung adenocarcinoma.

PeerJ 2021 21;9:e11074. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Geriatric Thoracic Surgery, The First Hospital of Kunming Medical University, Kunming City, Yunnan Province, P.R. China.

Background: Lung adenocarcinoma (LUAD) is the most commonhistological lung cancer subtype, with an overall five-year survivalrate of only 17%. In this study, we aimed to identify autophagy-related genes (ARGs) and develop an LUAD prognostic signature.

Methods: In this study, we obtained ARGs from three databases and downloaded gene expression profiles from The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) and Gene Expression Omnibus (GEO) database. Read More

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Interkingdom Gut Microbiome and Resistome of the Cockroach .

mSystems 2021 May 11;6(3). Epub 2021 May 11.

Institute for Integrative Systems Biology (ISysBio), University of Valencia and CSIC, Valencia, Spain

Cockroaches are intriguing animals with two coexisting symbiotic systems, an endosymbiont in the fat body, involved in nitrogen metabolism, and a gut microbiome whose diversity, complexity, role, and developmental dynamics have not been fully elucidated. In this work, we present a metagenomic approach to study populations not treated, treated with kanamycin, and recovered after treatment, both naturally and by adding feces to the diet, with the aim of better understanding the structure and function of its gut microbiome along the development as well as the characterization of its resistome. For the first time, we analyze the interkingdom hindgut microbiome of this species, including bacteria, fungi, archaea, and viruses. Read More

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Soil type shapes the antibiotic resistome profiles of long-term manured soil.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 27;786:147361. Epub 2021 Apr 27.

College of Resources and Environment, Southwest University, Chongqing 400716, China. Electronic address:

Animal manure fertilization facilitates the proliferation and dissemination of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in soil, posing high risks to humans and ecosystem health. Although studies suggest that soil types could shape the ARG profiles in greenhouse soil, there is still a lack of comparative studies on the fate of ARGs in different types of manured soils under field trials. Thus, a metagenomic approach was used to decipher the fate of ARGs in 12-year long-term fertilized (inorganic fertilizer, compost manure and a mix of them) acidic, near-neutral and alkaline soils. Read More

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Ecological insights into the elevational biogeography of antibiotic resistance genes in a pristine river: Metagenomic analysis along the Yarlung Tsangpo River on the Tibetan Plateau.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 10;286:117101. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Key Laboratory of Integrated Regulation and Resource Development on Shallow Lakes, Ministry of Education, College of Environment, Hohai University, Nanjing, 210098, China.

Presently, the prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) is regarded as an emerging environmental issue, and many studies have illuminated biogeographical patterns of the antibiotic resistome. However, few studies have investigated elevational biogeography and associated assembly mechanisms of ARGs in natural river systems. Accordingly, in the present study, we used metagenomics approaches to analyze the biogeographical pattern of ARGs along the pristine Yarlung Tsangpo River on the Tibetan Plateau. Read More

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Toxicity Assessment of Nano-ZnO Exposure on the Human Intestinal Microbiome, Metabolic Functions, and Resistome Using an In Vitro Colon Simulator.

Environ Sci Technol 2021 May 9. Epub 2021 May 9.

Shanghai Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Particle Pollution and Prevention (LAP3), IRDR ICoE on Risk Interconnectivity and Governance on Weather/Climate Extremes Impact and Public Health, Fudan Tyndall Centre, Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433, China.

Nano-ZnO, as a commonly used nanomaterial, has been found in drinking water, food, and medicine; therefore, it poses potential health risks via the digestion system. However, little is known about the toxicity of nano-ZnO on the human intestinal microbiome, which plays critical roles in human health. This study comprehensively investigated the impact of nano-ZnO on the human gut microbiome, metabolic functions, and resistome using an in vitro colon simulator. Read More

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Performance of full scale constructed wetlands in removing antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 28;786:147368. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Department of Environmental Technology, Wageningen University & Research, P.O. Box 17, 6700 AA Wageningen, the Netherlands. Electronic address:

Additional treatment of wastewater, such as constructed wetlands (CWs), is a possible solution to reduce the discharge of antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) from households and industry to the environment. This study aims to investigate the occurrence and removal of antibiotics and ARGs by two full scale CWs operated at different hydraulic retention times (HRT), namely 1 day and 3 days. Both CWs were receiving the same wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluent. Read More

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Multi-omics analyses on the response mechanisms of 'Shine Muscat' grapevine to low degree of excess copper stress (Low-ECS).

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 30;286:117278. Epub 2021 Apr 30.

Department of Horticulture, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing, Jiangsu Province, 210095, China; Fruit Crop Genetic Improvement and Seedling Propagation Engineering Center of Jiangsu Province, Nanjing, 210095, China.

Copper stress is one of the most severe heavy metal stresses in plants. Grapevine has a relatively higher copper tolerance than other fruit crops. However, there are no reports regarding the tolerance mechanisms of the 'Shine Muscat' ('SM') grape to a low degree of excess copper stress (Low-ECS). Read More

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Exploring the Antibiotic Resistance Burden in Livestock, Livestock Handlers and Their Non-Livestock Handling Contacts: A One Health Perspective.

Front Microbiol 2021 20;12:651461. Epub 2021 Apr 20.

Department of Medical Sciences, Zoonosis Science Center, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden.

Antibiotics are freqeuently used in the livestock sector in low- and middle-income countries for treatment, prophylaxis, and growth promotion. However, there is limited information into the zoonotic prevalence and dissemination patterns of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) within these environments. In this study we used pig farming in Thailand as a model to explore AMR; 156 pig farms were included, comprising of small-sized (<50 sows) and medium-sized (≥100 sows) farms, where bacterial isolates were selectively cultured from animal rectal and human fecal samples. Read More

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Microbial and chemical pollutants on the manure-crops pathway in the perspective of "One Health" holistic approach.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 29;785:147411. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

The Biotechnology Centre, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 8 Str., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland; Department of Inorganic, Analytical Chemistry and Electrochemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, Silesian University of Technology, Krzywoustego 6 Str., 44-100 Gliwice, Poland.

This study determined the impact of poultry and bovine manure fertilization on the content of antibiotics, heavy metals (HMs), and the quantitative and qualitative composition of integrase and antibiotic resistance genes in soil, groundwater, and crops cultivated on manure-amended plots. Antibiotic concentration levels were analyzed using the HPLC-MS/MS, heavy metal concentration level were measured by HGAAS and ICP-OES, while the integrase genes and ARGs were quantified using Real-Time PCR (qPCR) method. Manure, soil, and crops samples contained the highest concentration of Zn (10-10 ng g) and Cu (10-10 ng g) of all HMs tested. Read More

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Tetracycline, sulfadimethoxine, and antibiotic resistance gene dynamics during anaerobic digestion of dairy manure.

J Environ Qual 2021 Mar 2. Epub 2021 Mar 2.

Dep. of Chemistry, Univ. at Buffalo, The State Univ. of New York, 611 Natural Science Complex, Buffalo, NY, 14260, USA.

Antibiotic use in animal husbandry is a potential entryway for antibiotics and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) to enter the environment through manure fertilizer application. The potential of anaerobic digestion (AD) to remove antibiotics and ARGs was investigated through tetracycline (TC) and sulfadimethoxine (SDM) additions into dairy manure digested for 44 d. This was the first study to evaluate antibiotics at concentrations quantified on-farm and relevant to field applications of manure. Read More

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Chlorine disinfection facilitates natural transformation through ROS-mediated oxidative stress.

ISME J 2021 May 3. Epub 2021 May 3.

Advanced Water Management Centre (AWMC), The University of Queensland, St Lucia, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

The bacterial infection that involves antimicrobial resistance is a rising global threat to public health. Chlorine-based water disinfection processes can inactivate antibiotic resistant bacteria. However, at the same time, these processes may cause the release of antibiotic resistance genes into the water as free DNA, and consequently increase the risk to disseminate antibiotic resistance via natural transformation. Read More

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Effect of earthworms in reduction and fate of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs) during clinical laboratory wastewater treatment by vermifiltration.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Jun 6;773:145152. Epub 2021 Feb 6.

Environmental Engineering Group, Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, India.

In the recent decades, the role of wastewater treatment plants has been entrenched for the dissemination of antibiotic resistant bacteria into the environment. The present study explores the dynamics of earthworms-microorganisms interactions involved in the high treatment efficacy of vermifiltration technology along with reduction of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB). This study is the first of its kind to investigate the performance efficacy of vermifilter (VF) for clinical laboratory wastewater treatment. Read More

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Assessing visitor use impact on antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes in soil and water environments of Rocky Mountain National Park.

Sci Total Environ 2021 Apr 21;785:147122. Epub 2021 Apr 21.

Department of Environmental Health Sciences, School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, USA. Electronic address:

Antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) have been detected in soil and water in close proximity to anthropogenic sources, but the extent to which human impact plays into ARB and ARGs entering the environment is not well described. This study aimed to determine the impact of visitor use on ARB and ARGs in a national park environment. Soil (n = 240) and water (n = 210) samples were collected across a gradient of human activity in Rocky Mountain National Park and analyzed for bacteria resistant to doxycycline, levofloxacin, and vancomycin. Read More

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The fate of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and mobile genetic elements (MGEs) from livestock wastewater (dominated by quinolone antibiotics) treated by microbial fuel cell (MFC).

Ecotoxicol Environ Saf 2021 Apr 28;218:112267. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

College of Civil Engineering, Sichuan Agricultural University, Dujiangyan 611830, PR China.

The removal characteristics of antibiotic resistance genes and mobile genetic elements from livestock wastewater (dominated by quinolone antibiotics) treated with MFC were evaluated by High-throughput quantitative (HT-qPCR). The results showed that 144 ARGs and 8 MEGs were detected in the livestock wastewater. After MFC treatment, the number of AGRs decreased as a whole, and the relative abundance of macrolide-lincosamide-streptogramin group B (MLSB) and aminoglycosider decreased by 62. Read More

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Metagenomics analysis reveals the distribution and communication of antibiotic resistance genes within two different red swamp crayfish Procambarus clarkii cultivation ecosystems.

Environ Pollut 2021 Apr 16;285:117144. Epub 2021 Apr 16.

Freshwater Fisheries Research Center, Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences, Scientific Observing and Experimental Station of Fishery Resources and Environment in the Lower Reaches of the Yangtze River, Wuxi, 214081, China; Wuxi Fisheries College, Nanjing Agricultural University, Wuxi, 214081, China. Electronic address:

Antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) are emerging contaminants that pose a potential risk to human health worldwide. In this study, a metagenomic analysis was performed to investigate the distribution of ARGs in paddy field ecosystems, crayfish monoculture pond ecosystems, and rice-crayfish cultivation field ecosystems. The results showed that MacB and BcrA are two dominant ARGs, and macrolide is the dominant antibiotic not only in the water, but also in the sediment and gut of crayfish, in both the crayfish monoculture and the rice-crayfish cultivation ecosystems. Read More

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Identification of an 11-Autophagy-Related-Gene Signature as Promising Prognostic Biomarker for Bladder Cancer Patients.

Biology (Basel) 2021 Apr 27;10(5). Epub 2021 Apr 27.

Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, 341 East 25 Street, New York, NY 10010, USA.

Background: Survival rates for highly invasive bladder cancer (BC) patients have been very low, with a 5-year survival rate of 6%. Accurate prediction of tumor progression and survival is important for diagnosis and therapeutic decisions for BC patients. Our study aims to develop an autophagy-related-gene (ARG) signature that helps to predict the survival of BC patients. Read More

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Structural influence of antibody recruiting glycodendrimers (ARGs) on antitumoral cytotoxicity.

Biomater Sci 2021 Apr 29. Epub 2021 Apr 29.

Univ. Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, DCM UMR 5250, F-38000 Grenoble, France.

The recruitment of endogenous antibodies against cancer cells has become a reliable antitumoral immunotherapeutic alternative over the last decade. The covalent attachment of antibody and tumor binding modules (ABM and TBM) within a single, well-defined synthetic molecule was indeed demonstrated to promote the formation of an interacting ternary complex between both the antibodies and the targeted cell, which usually results in the simultaneous immune-mediated cellular destruction. In a preliminary study, we have described the first Antibody Recruiting Glycodendrimers (ARGs), combining cRGD as ligands for the αVβ3-expressing melanoma cell line M21 and Rha as ligand for natural IgM, and demonstrated that multivalency is an essential requirement to form this complex. Read More

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Abundance and Diversity of Phages, Microbial Taxa, and Antibiotic Resistance Genes in the Sediments of the River Ganges Through Metagenomic Approach.

Microb Drug Resist 2021 Apr 28. Epub 2021 Apr 28.

Virology Unit and Bioinformatics Centre, and Institute of Microbial Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Chandigarh, India.

In this study, we have analyzed the metagenomic DNA from the pooled sediment sample of the river Ganges to explore the abundance and diversity of phages, microbial community, and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). Utilizing data from Illumina platform, 4,174 (∼0.0013%) reads were classified for the 285 different DNA viruses largely dominated by the group of 260 distinctive phages (3,602 reads, ∼86. Read More

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Comparison of bacterial communities and antibiotic resistance genes in oxidation ditches and membrane bioreactors.

Sci Rep 2021 Apr 26;11(1):8955. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

College of Resource and Environmental Science, Xinjiang University, No. 666 Shengli Road, Tianshan District, Urumqi, China.

Oxidation ditches (ODs) and membrane bioreactors (MBRs) are widely used in wastewater treatment plants (WWTPs) with bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) running through the whole system. In this study, metagenomic sequencing was used to compare the bacterial communities and ARGs in the OD and MBR systems, which received the same influent in a WWTP located in Xinjiang, China. The results showed that the removal efficiency of pollutants by the MBR process was better than that by the OD process. Read More

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Identification of autophagy-related gene and lncRNA signatures in the prognosis of HNSCC.

Oral Dis 2021 Apr 26. Epub 2021 Apr 26.

Department of Stomatology, Tongji Hospital, Tongji Medical College, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China.

Objective: The aim of this study was to identify prognostic autophagy-related genes and lncRNAs to predict clinical outcomes in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC).

Subjects And Methods: Differentially expressed autophagy-related genes and autophagy-related lncRNAs were identified by comparing pare-carcinoma and carcinoma samples of HNSCC. And then, we constructed an ARG and an AR-lncRNA signature risk score. Read More

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Synergistic effect of sulfidated nano zerovalent iron and persulfate on inactivating antibiotic resistant bacteria and antibiotic resistance genes.

Water Res 2021 Apr 10;198:117141. Epub 2021 Apr 10.

Advanced Water Management Centre, The University of Queensland, St. Lucia, Brisbane, QLD 4072, Australia. Electronic address:

Antimicrobial resistance continues to be a rising global threat to public health. It is well recognized that wastewater treatment plants are reservoirs of antibiotic resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs). However, traditional disinfection techniques are not effective to simultaneously remove ARB and ARGs, and the dynamic analysis of ARB inactivation have also been deficient. Read More

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The association between antimicrobials and the antimicrobial-resistant phenotypes and resistance genes of Escherichia coli isolated from hospital wastewaters and adjacent surface waters in Sri Lanka.

Chemosphere 2021 Apr 17;279:130591. Epub 2021 Apr 17.

National Institute of Animal Health, National Agriculture and Food Research Organization, 3-1-5 Kannondai, Tsukuba, 305-0856, Ibaraki, Japan.

The presence of antimicrobials, antimicrobial-resistant bacteria (ARB), and the associated antimicrobial resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment is a global health concern. In this study, the concentrations of 25 antimicrobials, the resistance of Escherichia coli (E. coli) strains in response to the selection pressure imposed by 15 antimicrobials, and enrichment of 20 ARGs in E. Read More

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In situ analysis of antibiotic resistance genes in anaerobically digested dairy manure and its subsequent disposal facilities.

Bioresour Technol 2021 Mar 13;333:124988. Epub 2021 Mar 13.

Key Laboratory of Recycling and Eco-treatment of Waste Biomass of Zhejiang Province, School of Environmental and Natural Resources, Zhejiang University of Science and Technology, Hangzhou 310023, China.

The metagenomic and quantitative polymerase chain reaction approaches were combined to evaluate the profiles of ARGs and plasmids in anaerobically digested dairy manure in situ and reveal the persistence and elevation of typical ARGs and plasmids in its subsequent disposal facilities in CAFOs, respectively. Our results indicated that the typical ARGs and plasimd were mainly sul2, mefa, tetm-01, tetm-02, tetw, aph3iiia, and clostridioides difficile strain 12,038 plasmid unnamed in CAFOs, some of which greatly enriched in AD residue after its storage, especially sul1 and sul2. Meantime, the AD slurry recycling introduced the bacteria carrying ARGs into soil, especially Romboutsia genus, which greatly enriched sul2, tetm-01, tetm-02, aphiiia, and mefa. Read More

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The infant gut resistome associates with E. coli, environmental exposures, gut microbiome maturity, and asthma-associated bacterial composition.

Cell Host Microbe 2021 Apr 14. Epub 2021 Apr 14.

Department of Biology, Section of Microbiology, University of Copenhagen, 2100 Copenhagen, Denmark. Electronic address:

Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) is an accelerating global threat, yet the nature of AMR in the gut microbiome and how AMR is acquired during early life remain largely unknown. In a cohort of 662 Danish children, we characterized the antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) acquired during the first year of life and assessed the impacts of diverse environmental exposures on ARG load. Our study reveals a clear bimodal distribution of ARG richness that is driven by the composition of the gut microbiome, especially E. Read More

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